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Theodosian Walls
Theodosian Walls
#About the Wall the Was Supposed To Protect Constantinople

The Theodosian Walls, of the Constantinople Walls, were erected in the 5th century by Emperor Theodosius II. These walls are impressive, longer than 22 kilometers, and built more than 1,500 years ago.There were 10 mains gates, 5 for pedestrians and the public, and 5 for military purposes.

At their height the wall was supposed to protect the Byzantine capital from enemy attacks. Back then they reach the height of 12 meters, 5 meter thickness in certain places, and originally had 55 gates and 300 guard towers.

Go towards the Constantinople Walls in Yedikule Fortress (Yedikule Hisari Müzes), it's a place to walk around and overlook the Bosphorus and the fortress built by the Ottoman conqueror during the siege of Constantinople.

Today the walls do serve no purpose. The view from here is wonderful, and the sounds of swords and the fights can be heard in the winds of past, there are concerts and musical performances, that sometimes happen here in the evenings.

#History of the Walls

In ancient times many saw the Theodosian Walls, protected by Constantinople on all sides, impossible to penetrate.

It was the Byzantine emperor Theodosius II who built the famous walls of Constantinople in the 5th century, from the place where Emperor Theodosius I built in the 4th century a triumphal arch. Theodosius covered the gate in gold and installed then into the walls.

When Ottoman Sultan Mehmet II arrived to conquer the fortified city, they besieged it. Within four months they built a formidable fortress called Rumelihisarı and blocked the entrance to the city.

On the way, the emperor will taxed every ship that passed through the Boshporus Strait and made an income, while terrorizing the fortified in the Byzantine capital, which was supposed to be invincible. Within a short time, the residents of Constantinople were not only hungry for food that was running out, but also the hysteria of the Ottoman army capable of building such a terrifying fortress in such a short time.

Finally, a few days after the lunar eclipse, which was the symbol of Constantinople, the troops of Sultan Mehmet II broke through the gates of the city and plundered the capital of the Byzantine Empire.

It was on May 29, 1453. A historic day when the Ottomans overthrew the Byzantine Empire, and hung the head of the last Byzantine emperor, Constantin XI. They made the world's first Christian city a Muslim city, that since has never returned to Christianity. From here the Ottoman Empire will rise up and become an enormous force. It was their time to flourish.


It is possible to see these impressive walls in many places around Istanbul, and even if there is no time for an actual visit here, it's fun to know the story.

#A Closer Look:


#A Visit:


#A Tour:


#Another Look:

Galatasaray Hamam
Galatasaray Bath
#About the Turkish Bathhouse from the 15th Century

Galatasaray Bath (Hamam), one of the oldest and most famous Hamams in Turkey, was built at the end of the 15th century, during the time of Sultan Bazid.

Turkish culture has been rooted from the culture of cultivation and taking care of the body for hundreds of years, and the Hamam here is one of the best.

In order to adapt it to the modern era, the Hamam was renovated in the 1960's, and a space for women was opened.

Today the Hamam serves mainly tourists. It is neither cheap nor authentic, so if you want to spend time in the Hamam with the city's residents, be sure to find another Hamam.


Massages can be received in a separate space from the central space.

In the summer days there are traditional performances, Turkish music or belly dancers.

As with any Hamam, ask for a massage therapist, unless you are experienced and want to get Turkish massage - a particularly dislocating experience...

The Çemberlitaş Hamami, the largest in the city next to the big bazaar in the Old City, or the small and historic Hamam Amin Sinan is also good.

#A Closer Look:


#More Local Experiences:

#About the Huge "Mini-Turkey," with Smaller Models of Turkey and Istanbul

Miniatürk on the north-east coast of the Golden Horn in Istanbul, is the largest miniature city in the world. As expected, a variety of miniature models of Turkey's main attractions, both present and past, are presented here.

In fact, it is a miniaturized park spread over a vast area of ​​60,000 meters. The exhibits you see here are on a scale of 1:25. Viewing area in the park takes up a quarter of the place (about 15,000 meters), in thinking for the future, the park left a lot of room for building additional exhibits.

This impressive miniature park features 105 models of central buildings and places in Istanbul and throughout Turkey. Next to them are quite a few models from areas that are now outside Turkey, but were previously included in the Ottoman Empire.

It's very interesting to see the historical exhibits for buildings that no longer exist, in the past stood here and some even included in the Seven Wonders of the World. Among them you will find the mausoleum of the Lycarnesus, today in the Bodrum region of Turkey and the temple of Artemis in Greek Ephesus, is the Turkish Epsis of our day.


In the park there is a train that runs between the exhibits.

Young children can play at the playground facilities and in the children's maze.

#A Closer Look:


#A Tour:

#About the Village of the Albanians Who Were Never There

Despite its name, it was formerly the Arnavutköy district, translated as "the village of the Albanians," a quarter whose inhabitants were Greeks and Jews.

Many of the houses in the neighborhood are wooden houses, some of which are well preserved and beautiful. It is strongly recommended to wander through the alleys of the quarter and see the architecture of its houses and the neighborhood's levels, the view of the Bosphorus.

In the neighborhood there are many fish restaurants, close to the water, which show the fresh fish and the daily loot from the shop windows and get to the table. Barnbottkoy also has coffee shops and clubs with live music where you can also eat seafood and mezzes and drink beer. Enjoy your meal!


Don't love seafood? - Return to a meal at the Ali Baba Kopatzi restaurant. Here you can eat the Turkish dumplings, local kebabs that are made here great and inexpensive.

#A Closer Look:


2 Hours

#Once a Village, Today the Picturesque Quarter of Istanbul

The Ortaköy quarter, which means "Middle Village" ("orta" is the middle, and "koy" is a village), was once a village on the banks of the Bosphorus. Today the neighborhood is connected to the city, within a quarter rich in picturesque alleyways, which sits mostly on the water.

On the waterfront in the neighborhood, you should reach the wide promenade, with wide-open trees. The area also houses art galleries and handicrafts. On the waterfront, there are cafes and restaurants, with fish, seafood and traditional Turkish food. In the evenings there are night clubs here, some offering an oriental atmosphere, including belly dancing.

It's best to visit here on Sundays, when the artist flea market is open throughout the day, with paintings, souvenirs, and art pieces. Some criticize the market for being too commercialized recently - up to your decision.


In summer evenings and weekends, the quarter can get pretty crowded.

For the artist flea market, come on Sundays.

A Closer Look at the Quarter:


Dinner with a belly dance show? - Press the floating button ...

Rahmi M Koc Museum
Rahmi M. Koc Museum
#About Istanbul's Transportation Musuem

The Rahmi M. Koc Museum in Istanbul is an impressive museum for vehicles and the history of transportation.

The museum includes ancient carriages, locomotives and trains, some of which were still used by the Ottoman sultans. It also features miniature models of trains and various accessories and means from the world of trains and its history.

Alongside them is a large collection of other transportation vehicles. Among them you can see historical tools and transportation from the last few centuries, including carriages, cars and models of cars, ships, planes and even submarines.

There are over 1,000 items here. It is interesting to see among them the blue, personal and luxurious train used by the Turkish Sultan in Ottoman Turkey.

A Closer Look:


Another Look:


Wandering Around the Museum:

Rumeli Hisar
Rümeli Hüsarü
#About the Fortress that Protected Istanbul

The Rumelian Castle (Rumeli Hisarı) is an impressive fortress on the European side of Istanbul. The ancient fortress was built in the 15th century by Sultan Mehmet "the conqueror," as part of the siege and preparations of the Ottoman army for the conquest of the Byzantine capital of Constantinople, which was built here before.

Today's fort is immersed in a green grove and is a great observation point on the Bosphorus and the city of Istanbul. You can walk on the fortress walls, climb to the towers and look out over the magnificent view from here. In the summer you can listen to concerts of Turkish and classical music in the small amphitheater in the fortress.

# History of the Old Fortress

The fortress was built by the Ottomans in 1452, in just four months. It was built on the orders of Sultan Mehmet Fattah, in preparation for the siege and occupation of the city of Constantinople from Byzantium in 1453. It had a decisive role - military action and psychological and economic, in the Ottoman victory over the Byzantines.

Right in front of the fortress, on the Asian side, you can see Anadolu Hisari, the twin fortress, meaning "closure of the strait." This name indicates the purpose of the main fortresses - to close of the Bosphorus, on behalf of the Ottoman Sultan, to ships that passed through the Bosphorus.

The fortress's military role during the siege was to close the straits, and thereby cut off supplies to the besieged city. On the psychological level, it frightened the Byzantines from the power of the Ottomans and prepared their defeat or future surrender. In the economic sense, the Ottoman tax collected from ships that had passed through the Bosphorus Straits was intended to finance the huge military camp that besieged the city until the Byzantine capital was conquered, with its walls so strong, myth has it that it could not be breached.

The victory and the swift and brutal conquest of Constantinople made it the property of the Ottomans. After that the Sultan, now called "Mehmet the Conqueror," turned the fortress into a prison and army barracks for some of the Ottoman soldiers.

#The Story of the Insane Building of the Fortress

Rumelian Castle, or Rumeli Hisarı, is surrounded by a stone wall, whose thickness reaches 15 meters. In addition to 13 guard towers and another small tower, the wall connects three huge and impressive towers with a variety of living spaces and storage.

Many wonder and ask how it is possible to build such a threatening and impressive fortress within four months. The answer is that Sultan Mehmet used smart tactics here, building competition and exploiting the will to win.

How did it work? - The Sultan imposed on each of his viziers, his senior ministers, to build one of the great towers of the citadel. The fierce competition between them, he knew, would lead them to the madness of building. The story is that he told his viziers that whoever would be responsible for the tower not to be completed on time - his head would be cut off...

And so it was. The struggle for those to finish the construction first, was one of the accelerators of the construction of the Rumeli Hisarı in record time. It enabled the Sultan to subjugate and complete the fortified conquest of Constantinople at great speed. The sophistication and brutality of the Sultan and his advisors made this occupation one of the most salient in military history and the one that would turn the Ottomans into a real empire. He destroyed the Byzantine Empire forever and at the same time brought the Middle Ages to a closer, but more about this another time.


Admission is paid, but on Sundays and public holidays the entrance is half priced.

The entrance is located at Yahya Kemal Cad.

For those who are hungry, there are nice restaurants on the waterfront.

#A Closer Look:


#A Visit to the Site:

aalolu Hamam
Cagaloglu Hamam
#About Istanbul's Recommended Hamam

If most of the hamams are like tourist attractions, the Cagaloglu Hamam (Çağaloğlu Hamam) is an authentic hamam, first built in the 18th century.

In fact, this hamam, in 1741, was given as a gift to the city of Istanbul by Sultan Mahmoud. Over the years, many of the world's rulers and many celebrities have enjoyed it while visiting the city. In addition to bathing, it offers a great variety of treatments and is recommended for those who want to experience the real Turkish bath.

In the hamam, located on Professor Kazim Gorkan Street 34, in the old town, you will enter the hallway, directly into a room full of marble and Corinthian columns, into a mist of warm steam. Men and women go into separate section where they will be given a variety of treatments in order, including body bath, dry scrubbing, massages, bathing, rebounding, more massage and finally overlap.

In the hamam you can also experience a wet sauna and several treatments, enjoy the lounges and sip a cup of hot tea. When you are done, you will find that all the dirt that you have accumulated by wandering the city has been cleaned, and you will be loaded with new energies to continue the trip.

#What is the Hamam?

The Hamam, the Arabic word for a Turkish bathhouse, is a damp bathing place originating in the Middle East and North Africa. It has a wet and dry sauna, with a pampering heat that penetrates the bones and a cold bath after sweating. In the hamam people lay and sweat calmly, and when when the heat is too much they wash off in cool water.

The name "Turkish bath" is an incorrect name given by the Europeans, since they only knew about the hamam from the Ottoman Empire. But hamams are not Turkish, they are Roman bathhouse. A custom that was practiced in many cities throughout the Roman Empire. The connecting thread to the Turkish bath came from the time when the city was called Constantinople and was ruled by the Byzantine Empire.

Cultural and social, the hamam served for hundreds of years as a separate meeting place for men and women. Here the townspeople heard local gossip of the week, and removed some of the conservative burden of tradition. This was especially noticeable among women, for it was the only place where the women of the city allowed themselves to be free from the rigid masculine control that surrounded them elsewhere. The men, for their part, developed fantasies and told tales about what was happening inside the walls of the female wing of the hamam.

Today there are "saunas" all over the world that are parallel to the Turkish bathhouses, with the clean and sanitary options they offer - sweat and then wash in cold water and sometimes get a pampering massage. But the magic of the East and the hamam, still attracts many.


In each hamam, ask for a massage therapist, unless you are experienced and want to get Turkish massage - a particularly dislocating experience...

Want to visit another hamam? - Try the Çemberlitaş Hamami, next to the big bazaar in the Old City. This is the largest and most important hamam in Istanbul.

Hamam Amin Sinan is a smaller hamam but also historical.

#A Closer Look:


#A Visit:


Emirgan Park
Emirgan Park
#About the Park and Nature Near the Big City

Getting tired of the loud big city? - Emirgan Park is a park that spreads over hills and overlooks the Bosphorus River, north of the Rumelian Castle and the drawbridge over the Bosphorus.

The park was planted originally by an Egyptian ruler, who gave it as a gift to the Turkish Sultan. Here you will see wonderful colorful flowers, in spring this view will be even more vibrant, and provide a lot of joy to nature lovers.

The name is called after Emirgan Village, where it was planted. This village today has been completely immersed by the city, and is now an official suburb of Istanbul.


There are plenty of restaurants and cafes around here.

This place is especially beautiful to visit in spring.

#A Closer Look:

Yildiz Park
#About the Park with The Turkish Sultan's Palaces

Yildiz Park is one of the most beautiful and nice parks in Istanbul. In a park not far from the city center, between the neighborhoods of Siktas and Ortkoy, you will find a natural grove with ancient trees. Where you can take a short break from this beautiful and bustling city.

The Yildiz Park is excellent for a romantic walk, or for an outing with the children. The park, which is so spacious and green, is one of the city's best nurseries. It has easy walking trails, beautiful lakes, hiding areas and lots of peace.

Indeed, this park is loved by many families in Istanbul, where many family picnics are held.

#What's in the Park?

Want to discover more of the secrets of the park? - In addition to the trees, flowers, plants and everything that is needed in nature, in Yildiz Park you will find a few more secrets.

The two lakes surrounding the park, for example, are among the major attractions here. Next to them you can relax in peace and tranquility in a busy city and get a kind of Istanbul, calmer and quieter.

There are also magnificent palaces in the park, such as the Children's Palace, the Cadir Palace, the Sale Palace and the Palace of Malta. Each has dozens of rooms. In the 19th century, these palaces were used by Sultan Abd al-Hamid II and his foreign guests.

#Palaces of the Park

The gardens in the park were part of the children's palace hidden behind the wall. It was built by Sultan Abdul Hamid II, who was paranoid and constantly feared for his life. Half of his subjects spied on the other half, at least according to the stories told here about the obsessive sultan, who created an insane and unprecedented spy system.

The palace itself was built at the end of the 19th century. The Sultan lived there with his family until 1909, when he was removed from power. Throughout the park you can see some pavilions that were part of the palace. Some of them are now used as museums.

The most beautiful pavilion among them is the "Shala Kushko" built by the Sultan for his guests. This was where the German Kaiser Wilhelm II was hosted, when he visited Istanbul in 1898.


The recommended entrance to the park, located on a hill, is near the house of Malta. But it is recommended to go to the Shalah house and from there to descend.

The park has several small restaurants, kiosks and cozy tea houses.

#A Closer Look:


#Photos of the Place:


#Sometimes there is Excellent Jazz Here:


#Tour Guide:

Mevlevi Monastery
#About the Tantalizing Show by the Twirling Sufism

One of the well-known attractions in Istanbul is the Dervish Mannequins (Mevlevi Tekkesi). Dervish is a new believer in the final path, and these dervishes are dancing their famous practice of dancing and spinning like dreidels, as a form of a memorial to a god's memory, called Dhikr.

The modest monastery belongs to the Order of the Volana Brothers, known Dervish Mannequins. This is a final order, developed in the Ottoman Empire, in the city of Konya. Its founders were followers of Jalal Eddin Muhammad Belhi-Rumi, a Persian poet from the 13th century who was also an Islamic theologian and jurist.

#What is Seen in the Spinning Dance?

The spiritual Sufism ceremony is known for the never-ending twirling, and for the ancient Sufism tunes.

The ceremony has four parts, each one has a different meaning:

Traditional music and prayer songs.

A grand procession.

The four spiraling salamans.

Closing prayer.

#Who are the Sufists, and What is the Dervish Mannequins Dance?

A Dervish is a religious Muslim man, from the mystical branch of the Sufists. Sufists mostly leave like monks. They devote themselves to religions and to reading ancient texts. They often choose belief, rather than a life of asceticism and delights.

The most famous thing about them is their Dervish dance. This is a spinning dance of the Turkish Dervishes. At the Mevlevi Monastery in Turkey, the dance's purpose is to reach ecstasy and drunkenness, connect to god through dance.

The dance is a sort of meditation, beyong its religious purpose, also attracts many tourists to watch. Tourists come to see the hypontising dance, which is also a way for the Sufists to make a small profit.

In 2005 UNESCO declared the dancing ceremony in Mevlevi a Masterpiece of Human Creative Genius.


There is a show on Sundays and Tuesdays, at 7:30 pm.

The ceremony is open to the public, but needs to be booked in advance.

In the monastery is a small museum for the history of the place.

#A Closer Look:


#The Dancing:

Istiklal Avenue
#About Istanbul's Lively Pedestrian Mall

Istiklal Avenue (Istiklal Caddesi) is the central pedestrian mall of the historic district of Beyoğlu and the most important streets in the city. The length of the pedestrian mall is 1.6 km and starts from the top station in Karaköy, all the way to Taksim Square, a along the elegant boulevard, you can notice here the nostalgic tram line that runs on the street.

The boulevard is a central street in the city, where demonstrations are held, protests, parades and civic gatherings. Every weekend, about 3 million people visit and pass through here.

Istiklal is also a long pedestrian street filled with luxury shops and jewelry shops, along with stores of international fashion chains, shops, cafes, pastries, restaurants, churches, clubs, cinemas, art galleries, embassies and luxury residences.

#What Will you See Here?

Istiklal Avenue begins from the neighborhood of Genoa, a neighborhood built by Italians who migrated to the city in the Middle Ages and known best for the pointed Galata tower.

In the historical Karaköy district, also called Galata, you can see the subway station known here as "Tunnel." It began operating in 1875 and is considered the second oldest subway station in the world, after London. In the early 1990's the nostalgic streetcar was re-built in the square, moving from the "Tunnel" to Taksim Square, which revived a bit of the historical atmosphere of the area.

Around the center of the avenue is Galatasaray Square, home to one of the best educational institutions established in Turkey during the Ottoman period.

Next to the Galata Palace you will also see the covered alley of Çiçek Pasajı. In the 19th century the place was a residential area, and was a covered commercial street, in the Italian style. Today it has many restaurants, nearby is the excellent fish market (Balık Pazarı) of Galata.

The street ends at Taksim Square, the main square in modern Istanbul, and the beating heart of the city.

#Architecture in Istiklal

Some of the buildings on the avenue were built in the 19th and early 20th centuries, at the very end of the Ottoman era. There are quite a few nineteenth-century urban features on Istiklal Avenue, such as the neo-classical style, which uses ancient Roman and Greek patterns in the architecture.

Another common architectural style on the street is the Art Nouveau. This decorative style matched the visual expression to the modern environment, just as Islamic art preferred decorative motifs from flora and fauna, instead of decoration buildings according to the collection of styles borrowed from older styles.

Next to the Ottoman-style buildings are a number of buildings from the 1920's, the first years of the Turkish Republic, built in the Art Deco style, which began in those same years. They are characterized by geometrical decorations and stylish decorative art, with style clearly influenced by avant-garde trends in art, which were then fashionable, such as Cubism and Futurism.

Naturally, on such a central and important street in the city, you will also see new buildings built in the style of modern architecture.

#A Closer Look:


#A Visit:

Faruk Yalçın Zoo and Botanic Park
#About Istanbul's Zoo

Faruk Yalçın Zoo and Botanic Park is one of the main family attractions in the city of Istanbul. Here you can pass hours of fun for the whole family, with mammals, reptiles, birds and more. You will experience great pleasure here from healthy disengagement from the urban hustle and bustle of the big city.

There are two tickets needed here - one for the zoo, and one for the Botanic Park. At the botanic park you can come face to face with many fauna and flowers from around the globe. Some of them will be in big open spaces, and some will be in closed green houses.

The zoo is located 45 kilometers outside the city, towards Izmir. There is a variety of exotic animals, well-known and loved, and beautiful gardens of flowers and and playgrounds.

Expect for the wide variety of animals, kids can go to the petting areas and get to pet different farm animals.

#A Closer Look:

Istanbul Archaeology Museum
#About the Istanbul Archeology Museum

The Istanbul Archeology Museum, next to Topkapi Palace and Hagia Sophia, is one of the most impressive museums in Turkey, both in its enormous scope of exhibits and in its historical value and archeological importance.

The museum contains one of the world's richest collections of archaeological artifacts and historical treasures. These are arranged in chronological order. They are divided into three parts, each containing archaeological finds from one of the ancient cultures that existed in today's Turkey. The largest of these is the section dedicated to the ancient Greek period. Most of these archaeological finds were discovered in southeast Turkey and in Asia Minor in the Anatolia region, the same peninsula in western Asia and southern Turkey.

#What Is There to See Here?

In the Archaeological Museum of the Topkapi Palace you will see an impressive collection of items, mainly from ancient Greece and Rome.

It is worthwhile to see these important items in the museum:

"Alexander the Great's Sarcophagus" - the coffin found in 1887 in Sidon. Researchers believe it was prepared for Alexander the Great.

Table Kadesh - which marks the agreement between Ramses and the Hittite Empire, after the famous battle.

Gezer Table - An ancient tablet found in the Land of Israel, listing the names of the Jewish calendar months.

Siloam Inscription - describing the story of the quarrying of the Siloam tunnel in Jerusalem during the Hezekiah period.

Temple Warning Inscription.

#The Museum's Story

The museum was established at the end of the 19th century, after leaders began to travel a lot to Europe, leading to a process of modernization in Ottoman Turkey. This process increased awareness of preserving knowledge, displaying the treasures of the past and establishing museums in Turkey as well.

At that time, three museums, which still operate today, were erected by order of the Sultan and in the area of ​​the Topkapi Palace. These museums are the Archaeology Museum, the Museum of the Ancient Near East and the Museum of Turkish and Islamic Arts. The latter, by the way, is located in a building built in the 15th century by the Sultan Mehmet II, for the Museum of Islamic Art.

It was not a simple task to fill these excellent museums with all the finds from all over Turkey. In order to preserve most of the past, the Sultan ordered all provincial governors to send findings to the museum. Today, many years after the order was implemented completely, it is clear how important it was to create a situation in which Turkey preserves and correctly presents its past.


The museum is located in the Topkapi Palace.

Opening Hours: Tuesday - Sunday 9:30 am - 5:00 pm.

It is worth planning in advance the visit here, because the museum is very large.

#A Visit:

Varna Archeological Museum
#About the Museum with the Oldest Gold Jewelry in the World

The Varna Archeological Museum, inaugurated in 1888, is a real gem for history lovers and the largest of its kind in the Balkan region.

With a huge display of diverse exhibits and a large area of ​​2,150 square meters, the Varna Archaeological Museum is one of the largest museums in Bulgaria.

Here you can see weapons, pottery, reliefs of tombstones, lamps, glassware and jewelry, along with thousands of exhibits in Bulgaria. They begin from prehistoric times, in the Paleolithic period, ancient Greece, the Roman Empire, the Middle Ages and the 10th century, the Ottoman period, and more.

Here you will find unusual and famous exhibits, like a human skeleton that was discovered in a tomb with a gold container. The iconic collection of the museum is very impressive, and a collection of flint artifacts from the Mesolithic period, considered the largest in southeastern Europe.

One of its kind is the "Varna Gold," the oldest gold treasure in the world. It is the oldest gold treasure ever found, and occupies a special place. It probably originated in the 4th millennium BC. Notice the mythological figures that appear on the ancient treasure.

The guides here are friendly and helpful. The exhibition is arranged in chronological order and will guide you through the history of Bulgaria and the Varna region.

The museum is located inside a building from the end of the 19th century, which used to be a high school for girls.


Opening hours are from 10:00 am to 5:00 pm.

It is forbidden to take photos in the museum

Entrance for children under 6 is free. And by the way, a separate part of the museum is special for children.

There is a combined ticket to the Archaeological Museum, the Alaja Monastery and the Roman Baths.

A Closer Look at the Most Ancient Jewelry Treasure in History:


The Museum Itself:

Istanbul Military Museum
#About the Historical Military Arms Museum

For lovers of military history, the Istanbul Military Museum (Askeri Muzesi) in Istanbul is a must-see museum.

In this military museum, which once was a powerful empire with a very strong army, you can see an impressive collection of weapons, maps, uniforms, pictures, miscellaneous ammunition and uniforms from the Ottoman army, the Turkish army and more.

In the museum you can also learn about Turkey's military history and see a huge range of military items from close up, including hundreds of weapons of all shapes and sizes, ranging from multiple guns to tanks, planes from the beginning of aviation and more.

# Ottoman Military Music

Even if the museum is fascinating to history and army enthusiasts, many come here specifically to experience the military music of the Janissaries orchestra, the traditional Turkish army orchestra. This military orchestra gives another aspect of the city's music life and contributes to the acquaintance of Istanbul's past culture.

The orchestra appears in the museum with flags and musical instruments used by the Janissaries to play before the battle. Members of the orchestra are dressed in traditional clothes. They perform music and military songs from the time of the Ottoman Empire, from which the Turkish state was born today.

The Janissaries were an imperial order, founded in the 15th century, and had accompanied the Turkish soldiers to battle.


The Janissaries band performs daily, between 3 and 4 pm, except on Mondays and Tuesdays when the museum is closed.

Those interested can watch the performance in a the video.

#A Closer Look:

Spice Bazaar
#About the Best Spice Market in the World

Mountains of spices of all colors; yellow, green, orange, and gold, all different smells, strange and new, and unbelievable products that will welcome you into at Egyptian market (Mısır Çarşısı).

This is Istanbul's Spice Market, one of the largest markets in the city, and many consider it the best spice market in the world.

The market is L-shaped. There are 88 arches rooms, most on the bottom and top floor. The market was built in 1660 following a big fire that erupted in Istanbul. For a certain period the market was used as a camel refreshing station, that traveled along the Silk Road, and a place for rider to relax.

Starting from Saffron, known as the world's most expensive spice, to red currant, turmeric and cumin, paprika and pepper - in the Egyptian or Spice Bazaar, which is the second largest market in the city, you will find almost every spice possible.

In addition to the great variety to the endless spices and many smells and colors, there is terribly expensive caviar, a taste of Lukum in every color and taste, excellent halva, nougat candy and cow's sausages with nuts, lots of peppers and exotic drinks in abundance.

In the spice market you will also find an indoor shopping area, that is second in size only to the big bazaar. There are many more spices here. If you want, you can also buy various products, including fine and colorful fabrics, clothes and underwear quality, which are sold cheaply and hold for many years


Entrance is free

The main entrance is in front of the Yeni Mosque, on the South-West corner.

It's recommended to bargain in the market, or the vendors could get insulted, because they love the game so much.

Interested in delicious presents? - Buy here excellent and cheap pistachios, mini nuts and wonderful dried fruits, Turkish honey and quality saffron. Here saffron is considerably cheaper than the rest of the world.

#A Closer Look:


#Another Look:


#A Tour:


Kumkapi Fish Market
#About the Fresh Fish and Seafood Market of Istanbul

The Kumkapi Fish Market is a bustling market where vendors offer almost every possible food. Try and taste the variety of fish and seafood offered here by the merchants, because that's what you came for, right?

In the market you will see many stalls offering large, fresh mussels, filled with rice and seasoned with a delicate baharat spice. If you are a seafood lover, try it.

Here you can also eat local delicacies such as the bottarga, which contains delicious cooked fish eggs.

Also try the flagship of the smoked fish from the Bosphorus - the lacarde, which is a white fish. It is a very fleshy, boneless fish, served salted or smoked with salt. It is usually served with green or purple onions and sometimes with a bit of sour cream. It is delicious and wonderful!


Oyster eaters will find this fish market very tasty and fresh.

Live spoiled oysters will destroy the trip. Think twice before trying the oysters with lemon flakes on the street!

Avoid being tempted by traders who push you into their business. The good and the quality places do not need to push you inside.

#A Closer Look at the Market:


#A Visit:


#The Restaurants in the Evening:

Topkapi Palace
#About the Sultan's Palace, As it Appears in the Arabian Nights

Topkapi Palace (Topkapi Muzesi Sarayi) is a large and impressive palace, that between the 15th to 19th centuries served as a residence for the sultans of the Ottoman Empire. It is located in the Sultanahmet district of the Old Town, on the European side of Istanbul. It is one of the most fascinating palaces in the world.

At its peak, some 5,000 people lived and worked in the wonderful Topkapi palace. Its name means "palace of the cannon gate," because the gate with the same name that faces the Bosphorus is located next to the palace.

For 400 years the palace served as the official palace of the Ottoman sultans. The magnificent palace is adorned with wonderful tiles and beautiful mosaics, laden with rich gold ornaments, precious gems and exquisite diamonds.

In the 19th century it was also the administrative center of the entire Ottoman Empire. The various buildings were designed to serve the needs of the empire and those of the Sultan and his family.

The popular part of Topkapi is the Harlem. This is the "palace" where the family lived. This building is 300 rooms and the one that stands highest. This is the region where the Sultan lived, alongside his wives and mistresses. "Haram" in Turkish means "forbidden," since the area was forbidden to enter for anyone who was not the Sultan and his family. By the way, what the Sultan did here, we will not say, but whoever ruled the harem was... his mother!

Today, the Topkapi Palace houses a monarchy museum, showing the sultans' treasures, weapons and a host of precious objects left behind. There are also great museums, such as the archaeological museum with ancient artifacts from Istanbul and the city of Constantinople, the Byzantine capital that preceded it.

#What Do you See Here?

Inside the palace you will see an extensive park, a number of courtyards and various buildings, some of which are contemporary museums. There is also a church from the Byzantine period.

Inside the Topkapi Palace, you can see a host of interesting things, from the magnificent collection of royal jewels, through diamond-encrusted crowns, a host of precious stones, fancy costumes, ancient sultanate weapons, a canopy and diamond chairs.

Take note of the huge palace kitchen, where 20,000 meals were prepared each day for the residents and guests of the palace. Pay attention to the Chinese china, the belief here was that in the case of poisoned food - their color will change.

See the "Diwan" in which the Imperial Council was convened, the one with whom the Sultan consulted on his decision-making and the administration of the mighty Ottoman Empire.

In addition, you will also see a large Ottoman-style library, an impressive banquet hall and more. From the windows of the huge palace you can see the Sea of Marmara and the city.

After seeing the vast collection of dishes in the palace, with more than 15,000 Chinese porcelains, look for the karatishki diamond weighing 86 carats!

From the balcony of the palace you can look, just like the sultans in the past, to the Bosphorus, the ancient city walls, the 1300-year-old walls, and the houses of the surrounding Old Town.

There are four main courtyards in the palace, including a variety of buildings, which were then intended to serve the needs of the empire, the 4,000 inhabitants of the palace and the Sultan family:

The first courtyard includes an extensive park with the local ticket office. On the left is the church of Aya Irini, preserved here from the Byzantine period. The entrance gate to the museum is also the gate that separates this courtyard from the second courtyard.

The second courtyard includes the palace kitchens and the china and glass display. Next to them are the entrance to the women's harem and the Imperial Council Hall.

The third courtyard - the library, the treasury of the famous diamond, the costume hall, the reception room and the hall of the sacred remains.

The fourth courtyard - the Baghdad House, the prayer room, the doctor's house and an expensive restaurant, with a magnificent view.

#History of the Palace

Topkapi Palace was built in the 15th century by Sultan Mehmet II. It was then used as the administrative center of the strong Ottoman Empire.

The palace, which is actually a large complex, with 4 main courtyards and several buildings, was designed and developed to be a "city within a city." It continued to serve as the Sultan of Turkey, expanded, burned, restored and abandoned when the Sultan moved to the Palace of the Dolmabachs in the 19th century, which he built for himself as a more modern and fashionable European palace.

In the 20th century, the palace became a historical museum, displaying various aspects of life in the Ottoman Empire, with an emphasis on its sultanate and nobility. The museum exhibits Ottoman royal jewelry, along with archaeological artifacts and ancient treasures. There is also Pavillion, the most sacred pavilion for Muslims, showing the remains of the Prophet Muhammad, his teeth and hair, as well as the remains of some of the caliphs that accompanied him and continued him.


A ticket for a guided tour of the "Hermon", home to 600 Sultan's wives, concubines, princes and other members of the Sultan's family, must be purchased separately.

#A Closer Look:


#Visit to the Palace:


#The Jewelry Museum:




Grand Bazaar
#About the Huge and Exciting Istanbul Market

With more than 3,000 stores, the Grand Bazaar (Kapalıçarşi) is one of the largest markets in the world, and definitely the largest covered market in the world. The Grand Bazaar, founded by the Sultan Mehmet II between 1445-1461, is also one of the oldest indoor markets in Europe.

It is large, fascinating and you can spend long days in it. From clothes, jewelry, pottery, spices, carpets, oriental decorations, second-hand shoes to cafes, restaurants and tea buffets - this market, also known as the "covered market," offers just everything.

The market attracts about a quarter of a million people every day and has 10 mosques. In fact, the large bazaar extends from west to east, over 60 streets. It is an independent urban district, stretching from the Beyazit Mosque to the mosque of Nuruosmaniye. The quarter is also named after the market "Kapalıçarşı."

#History of the Big Bazaar and What is Here

In the days of Byzantium, the bazaar served as a center for popular commerce. Somewhere in 1453, Mehmet II, known as Mehmet the Conqueror, established the first and smallest bazaar, as a popular market.

In the 16th century it was significantly expanded, by Suleiman the First. Since then it has grown steadily, taking over the whole area, so much so that the neighborhood was named after it.

In the 20th century, when popular tourism broke out and became a huge economic and cultural phenomenon, the same vibrant but local market developed. Gradually it became the vast, tourist-rich bazaar.

In the center of the bazaar you will find the center of the carpets and antiques (IC Bedester). On one side is a marble fountain and on the other is an entrance gate with the symbol of the Byzantine Empire. If you pass through it, the gate will lead you to the silver and gold area.

And in general, the big bazaar of today, with its thousands of shops, is divided into different areas. These are "guilds" of professionals and businesses. There are areas of jewelry, other antiques, carpets, clothing, fabrics, household equipment, leather goods, ornaments and more.

There are also countless Oriental souvenir shops, ceramic tiles and Turkish-style pottery, as well as souvenirs for tourists and gifts from Turkish specialties and sweets.

There are countless popular restaurants in the market, coffee shops that sip authentic Turkish tea or coffee and food and drink stalls, where it is fun to savor local Turkish street food.


Do you hate crowds? -? Come here in the mornings, when the market is empty. Then you can also enjoy opening prices, for the first sale of the day, when vendors are more generous.

The market is huge. Set aside time and get out when you feel dizzy.

You should check the goods carefully.

Bargaining in the bazaar is legitimate and recommended.

#A Closer Look:


#In the Morning:




With tour guide:

סיור מודרך? - לחצו על הכפתור הצף...

Hong Kong Science Museum
#About the Great Science Museum of Hong Kong

The Hong Kong Science Museum is a 4-story museum where you can spend many hours of fun. There are no less than 18 exhibition halls, over 500 exhibits and a variety of interactive exhibits where visitors can experience physics, science, technology, energy, the earth and more.

It is important not to be confused with the Hong Kong Science Park, which is the high-tech area of ​​the city. This is another museum, which is a great attraction for the whole family.

In this museum you will find, among other things, a simulator of driving a real car, a wing of mirrors, a demonstration of various physical forces, such as the largest facility in the world that demonstrates potential energy conversion to kinetic energy, or illustration of energy consumption.

There is a display of a variety of physical and scientific principles in the fields of motion, light, sound, electricity and electromagnetism. Children will be able to obtain scientific illustrations in areas such as mathematics, life sciences, geography, meteorology and computer science. Technology is well handled here, in areas such as transportation, communications, energy conservation, food technologies and more.

Children will also enjoy a film editing room where they can learn how to edit them. After shooting with the video camera they receive, they can edit the movie, add effects, combine more videos, and more. This is pure pleasure for the "screen generation..."


The location of the Science Museum, around Tsim Shan Tsui in the east and near the History Museum of Honk Kong, promises an exciting museum day.

A Closer Look:

Museum of Natural Sciences
Naval Museum Varna
Morska Gardina

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.