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Museu Frederic Mars
Museu Frederic Marès
#About the Museum

In the Museu Frederic Marès there is a wide variety of pieces of art that were donated to Barcelona by the Barcelona artist, Frederic Marès. The building where it is located it, in the 18th century was a palace, at the first for Barcelona's Counts, and later for King Aragon of Catalonia. Also in the 20th century, starting from 1948 many important guests have stayed here.

In the museum are art pieces displayed from between the 11th to 18th centuries. Among the rest, you can see items from the daily lives of the Catalonian people, as well as design objects, stone statues, columns, wood statues, ancient ceramics, and more.

The Collector's Cabinet shown here contains tens of thousands of items, a huge collection of items documenting different traditions and actions from the past, mainly from the 19th century. You can also find entertaining and unique items, like fans, pipes, watches, jewelry, photographs, keys, pharmacy bottles, and a lot more - all these are displayed in a special intimate atmosphere.

On the second floor of the museum there is an area that contains a series of sculpted items by Frederic Marès, from his personal library and the collection that the artist himself chose to publically display. The exhibit opened to the public in June 1996, and is displayed to this day. In addition, you can see an area of personal belongings.

In the museum there is a special section dedicated for the Jewish community, where visitors can see ancient holy items, Books of Esther, Mezuzot, and original scriptures.
Museu d'Histria de Barcelona
Museum of the History of Barcelona
#About the Museum

In the Museum of the History of Barcelona you can learn and research the history of the city of Barcelona, starting from the Roman period until today. The museum is funded by the Municipality of Barcelona. It is located in Plaça del Rei in the Gothic Quarter of the city.

The building is in charge of a few historic sites across the city, most of them are archeological sites. The museum was established in 1943, and its first manager was the historian Agusti Duran i Sanpere.

In the museum you can see the ruins of Ancient Barcelona, from the Roman period and Middle Ages. It is located inside a castle that has stood here since the 10th century, in a room that until the 18th century was used as the chair of the Catalan Parliament.

Most of the exhibits shown here are made mostly from archeology findings, and remains with a long history, starting from the 1st to 7th centuries. Among the remains you will see an ancient fish factory, wine-making factory, church remains, and more.

The archeological digs in the museum spread across the size of 4,000 square meters.
Plaa de Sant Felip Neri
Plaça de Sant Felip Neri
#About the Monastery and the Church with Scars from the Civil War

This Baroque church is located in the Plaça de Sant Felip Neri (Plaza de San Felipe Neri), in Barcelona's Gothic Quarter. It was built between the years 1721 - 1752, and is one of the only examples of Baroque churches in all of Barcelona.

In 1938 during the Spanish Civil War, this was one of the bombardment locations for the bombs aimed towards the City Hall in Plaça de Sant Jaume. After the bomb, only the exterior and part of the building remained. 42 people who were praying were killed during the bomb, as they were trying to escape to the basement under the church. The church can be identified by the wall full of shrapnel and bullet holes.
Gothic Quarter
Gothic Quarter
#About the Historic and Most Beautiful Quarter of Barcelona

The Gothic Quarter (Barri Gotic), which is one of the most beautiful and pleasant centers in the old city of Barcelona, ​​began around the 14th and 15th centuries. Since it was built on a town called Brasino, when you walk around the quarter you will encounter its historical ruins. This town, which provided Barcelona with its name, actually symbolized the beginning of Barcelona. Take a look in the quarter for the remains from the Roman wall that stood here at the time.

In the years that followed, until the expulsion from Spain, the quarter became the center of life for Jews who were statesmen, doctors and scientists. It is highly recommended to explore the area where the kall was located - the ancient Jewish Quarter. Other remains from the Jewish period can be seen in the "Major" synagogue. The Gothic Quarter attracts not only lovers of architecture, but also lovers of art, because there are many statues, special signs and beautiful mosaics.

In this quarter you will find narrow, dark alleyways paved with stone. There are quite a few Gothic buildings, palaces and churches. The character of the quarter is influenced by various artists and artists who have painted its landscapes and streets over the years, including famous names such as Picasso and Juan Miro. The old squares, markets, clothing stores and art galleries, combined with street artists, musicians and clowns, provide a picturesque atmosphere that makes it a must-see destination in Barcelona.

The district has several places worth visiting. Among them we recommend entering the Gothic Cathedral and its special courtyard, the Church of Santa Maria del Mar, the Picasso Museum, the University of Barcelona and the Ancient Synagogue. Enjoy!


#Shopping in the District

The Gothic Quarter is one of the best shopping areas of Barcelona. Alongside the chain stores, there are also quite a few designer stores.

At Saint James's Square (Plaça Sant Jaume) in the center of the quarter, opposite the Cathedral of St. Eulalia, you will find Barcelona's urban market. On weekends, from noon, the Sardana, the famous Catalan dance, is danced there.


A Closer Look at the Quarter:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MT8Ea7pE5WM

A Tour of the Gothic Quarter

Catedral de Santa Eulalia
Cathedral of Barcelona
#About the Impressive Gothic Cathedral of Barcelona

The Cathedral of Barcelona, Cathedral of Saint Eulalia, is a large and impressive building, whose turrets are tall and decorated with decorations fitting the Gothic style of the 13th and 14th centuries. Around the cathedral is a protective thick and tall wall.

In the cathedral sits the Archbishop of the city. An Archbishop is an administrative title in Christianity, given to a bishop that stands at the head of provincial churches of a certain area. It was the third cathedral to be built in this place. Before it, two other ancient churches stood here, and before that the area was a pagan cult dedicated entirely to the Roman gods.

Today, many believers of all ages come to the cathedral. They drift to its size and power. The Catalan people and the religious residents of Barcelona, are still conducting religious ceremonies to this day.

On Sunday afternoons, you can come here and see the locals dancing the Sardana in the square before the cathedral - the traditional Catalonian dance. After visitors light a candle in the cathedral, they pray and take part in mass, then they will organize in big circles and dance the favorite dance.


#Architecture of the Cathedral

The cathedral is built in the Gothic style, a style that erupted around Europe in the Middle Ages. The prominent characteristics of the Gothic building are without a doubt the height of the cathedral, the sharp arches, the rounded twists and large windows. Inside the gloomy cathedral the vast wealth invested in the building can be felt. The columns inside reach 26 meters.

The cathedral is built of 28 chapels. The natural light floods the face of the cathedral

Under the cathedral floor are buried people, they can be identified according to symbols engraved on the floors. Notice the drawings of the baking plate with two rolls - the family symbol of a family of bakers buried here. In places where you will see the symbol of skulls, are likely buried here bodies of people who died from the plague that hit the city in 1348.

Even though it is ancient and has stood here for many years, the neo-Gothic exterior of the Cathedral was only created in the 19th century. During the first decade of the 21st century, it also went through another round of renovations. The scaffolding that accompanied the renovation, many steel pipes that helped support the building during the renovation, were removed only in 2012.



#Who Was Eulalia from Barcelona?

You were probably wondering about the meaning of the cathedral. The cathedral is dedicated to a saint that protects the city - the Eulalia from Barcelona. She lived during the Roman period, until she fell into Roman hands in 476. At the age of 13, Eulalia was an avid Christian believer. Even though the Emperor gave specific orders to leave the Christian faith in the Roman Empire, Eulalia refused, and she was given the death sentence. Roman soldiers stripped the girl naked and let her stand in the city square.

The Christian belief says that at this point snow started falling, and it covered the naked saint. The Roman soldiers were furious with anger and put her inside a barrel, that had knives sticking inside. They rolled the barrel down the street, hung her up on a cross, and finally, cut off her head. After her head was cut off, the terrible legend says, a dove flew from her neck to the sky.

In 1339 the body of Eulalia was moved to a gravesite inside the cathedral, in the ancient district of Barcelona. Eulalia, a young Christian lady, is remembered in the Barcelona streets, with statues of her around the city. Each year, on February 12, it is traditional to celebrate Eulalia's holiday.



#Entertainment

Come here on Sundays to see the Catalonians dancing the Sardana at the square in front of the cathedral. Starting at 12:00 pm on Saturdays and Sundays.



#Tips

The Christmas Market - each year it is set up in front of the cathedral, before Christmas, and visitors can experience the traditional Christmas, with hundreds of stalls, and a peek into the Christmas atmosphere.


Catalonians Dancing the Sardana Outside the Church:

https://youtu.be/slnGYnt4sXY
Palau de la Msica
Palau de la Música
#About the Luxury Concert Hall of the City

The luxurious concert hall in Barcelona is located at the heart of the city, near the old city. It was built to be used as a concert hall from the Catalonian Choir. The hall was built between 1905 - 1908. It was planned by architect Lluís Domènech i Montaner. The building has a special beauty, for it combines the Modernism style with the neo-Gothic style. Notice especially the glass dome of the building, made out of colorful stained glass.

In 1971 the building was declared a National Site by the Spanish Government, and in 1997 it was chosen by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.


#What is the Modernism Style?

Modernist style is actually the Catalan version of the style of architecture and plastic art called in French "Art Nouveau." It is characterized by strong vegetation inspiration, an emphasis on colorfulness, natural and rounded lines, and simple and local materials. The most famous Modernist architect is Gaudi, whose style is identified with him. He used style principles over and over again and used motifs like curved walls reminiscent of waves and almost constant avoidance of straight surfaces. He was not the only one to design in the modernist style - there were other architects who starred in this style in Barcelona, ​​such as Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Lluís Domènech i Montaner.
Picasso Museum Barcelona
Picasso Museum
#About the Museum Devoted to the Great Artist

The famous painter Pablo Picasso was born and raised in Malaga, but between 1895 and 1904 he lived in Barcelona, ​​and the truth was that these were the most prominent and important years when he created and studied art. Thanks to his connection and great love for the city, he decided to donate many of his works to the museum. After he died, Jacqueline, Picasso's widow, added many more works for the museum.

The museum was founded in 1963 and contains more than 3,500 works by Picasso from different periods. Most of them are from less known periods, especially from the time when he was a young artist at the beginning of his career and during his studies. Among the exhibits are paintings, illustrations, drawings, carvings, ceramics and more. The museum exhibit is built in chronological order, according to the cities where Picasso created his works.

Famous and recommended paintings for viewing in the museum are, for example, "The Whores of Chapel Street," "The Clown," "The Can-Can Dancers" and "Man in a Beret."

Beyond the permanent exhibition, there is also a changing exhibition that presents works by various artists, not necessarily Picasso.

During the museum's renovations, an amazing 13th-century painting depicting the conquest of Majorca was unveiled here and is now preserved in the Museum of Art of Catalonia. By the way, the popular Picasso Museum has the largest number of visitors per year and the ninth tourist site in the number of visitors to Spain as a whole.

To illustrate the enormous size of the museum, it is spread over five medieval aristocratic houses spread out around inviting and nice courtyards. In the courtyards you can see charming Gothic sculptures by sculptor Mark Spont.


#Who was Pablo Picasso?

His full name was "Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso​," this was the Spanish painter and sculptor Pablo Picasso, one of the most revolutionary artists in the history of art.

Picasso was a prodigy who became a fascinating and admired artist. He did not stop exploring his artistic possibilities, tried and formulated new laws and mainly made revolutions in his creative way. He had different periods in his work and in each period he painted in a different style from the others. Among the periods in his work: the Blue Period, the Rose, the sculptural Cubism, the analytic cubism, and more.

Pablo Picasso was a revolutionary artist, the founder of Cubism in modern art, and many who consider him the most important artist of modern 20th-century art. He is also the most prolific artist of the 20th century. Today, his paintings and sculptures are considered the most expensive in the world.


#Tips

Entrance is free - every Sunday from 3:00 pm, and on the first Sunday of the month.

In the free days, it's best to arrive early, because during the days and hours when the entrance is free, there are often no tickets left.

Due to the long lines for the museum, it is recommended to reserve a museum ticket in advance.

Discounts for students up to the age of 25 and pensioners over the age of 65 are entitled to a discount.


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.