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#About the City of Amsterdam

Amsterdam is an amazing city of canals, known as "The Venice of the North," a city that is calm, ancient, relaxed, modernized, and always up to date. There are many contrasts in the city. On one hand there are many canals, pretty floating houses and cute bridges, and on the other hand the city is modern and new, a lively and vibrant capital. It is a crowded metropolis, an ancient city, picturesque and pastoral, with architecture that hasn't changes since the Renaissance. The city of Anne Frank, impressive churches and artists like Rembrandt, a pluralistic and patient city, with red lights and some light drugs.

As a rule, the graceful tolerance shown by the Dutch towards the minorities and the different is one of the things that make Amsterdam so loved and appreciated. "Live and let live" exemplified here! Waves of immigration and the many cultures not mixed here have made the city into a liberal heaven that naturally accepts different populations and lifestyles.

This is not a big city. Many of the sites are located in the center, and many of the tours can be done by walking or by bikes. In general, Amsterdam loved bikers, and is full of biking lanes. Everything starts, more or less, in Dam Square, which is a meeting point for the pedestrian walkways Kalverstraat and Nieuwendijk, two main roads. From here you can reach the outer circle, to the circular canals around, and to the 15 districts formed between them.

#10 Places to Visit in Amsterdam in Winter:


#Must See Sights
Want to see the most popular places in town? Click on the tag "Must see in Amsterdam"


#With Children

A trip for the whole family? Click on the tag "Attractions for children in Amsterdam"

An unforgettable meal? Find awesome restaurants - Click on the tag "Must eat in Amsterdam"


In most European countries service fees are already included in the check, so it is customary to give a 2 euro tip, regardless of the price of the check itself.

#Holland Country Code

Public Transportation - Buy an OV-chipkaart ticket, reloadable for more rides.
Supermarket - Chains like Aldi and Albert Heijn are very cheap and easy to located. Aldi is very economical but sells mainly basic products, the second store is a bit more expensive but you can find everything there.
Free events - On the website 'I Amsterdam' you can find all the city's functions that have free entrance.
Regular Bus - A great way to see Amsterdam, you can use this app and discover sites close to you wherever you are and listen to the voice recordings.
Discounts in Various Spots - Use a student card, not accepted everywhere.
Museum and Attraction Lovers - if you are thinking about visiting many spots, the iAmsterdam card is for you.
Picnics - Vondelpark is the place to go, or any other amazing park in this city, a picnic after a museum tour is fun and saves a lot.

Amsterdam canals, bicycles, Rembrandt, Amsterdam museums, Techno and House basements of the city, Red Light District, the famous fries Stall & the Best Cookie in the world.

First and foremost there is a Primark, on the shopping street Kalverstraat. Also see the link below for more recommendations.

The well-known clubs are Club Roses, for the rich and famous that is located in a space that was a gas factory, the Bij Jansen, that is for students and requires a student card to get in, and the renovated Odeon, the Sugar Factory with hip hop music, Bitterzoet, alternative, and Escape Lounge that is the largest in Amsterdam.

#Electric Outlets
The possible types of plugs are Type C, Type E and Type F.

A taste of the upcoming trip? - Here's a video that will show you the city in all its beauty:





#About the Concert Building

The concert building, and the home of the Concertgebouw Orchestra, is considered one of the three finest concert halls in the world. It has outstanding acoustics, which provide wonderful sound and enhance the audience's experience.

The exterior and interior architecture of the building, designed by Dutch architect Adolf Leonard van Gendt, is strikingly impressive. The walls of the building are decorated with golden flowers and angels. The building is filled with columns, arches and huge chandeliers that provide the place with a royal touch.

The museum opened in 1888, and in the first concert held here, works by Beethoven and Bach, two of the greatest classical composers of all time, were played. The orchestra at the time had 100 musicians and a chorus of 500 singers.

The Main Hall is the most impressive. It is painted in royal colors of red and gold. The hall is 44 meters long, 28 meters wide and 17 meters tall. It has over 2,000 comfortable and inviting seats. Almost one million people arrive every year to enjoy quality concerts and other musical performances.

Apart from the Main Hall, you'll also find two small oval halls - the Small Hall and the Hall of Mirrors. The Small Hall holds mainly chamber music concerts. The doors of the second hall, the Hall of Mirrors, are covered in - you guessed it! – mirrors.

In the halls, you can listen to all types of performances. Each year there are about 800 concerts in the various halls. Any lover of classical music will find performances of a world-renowned Philharmonic orchestra, or the highest quality and expertise in the world of classical music. In addition to these performances, there are also recitals, solo acts, and performances by various ensembles. And if you thought the place was only for adults, you thought wrong. There are also concerts for children, which provide them with a genuine, high quality musical experience.

A Closer Look at the Concert Hall:

#The Venice of the Netherlands: Where There are No Roads

Giethoorn is a small, peaceful Dutch town located in the northwestern part of Overijssel province. Giethoorn is also known as the "Venice of the Netherlands." The reason for this name is that this haven is built almost entirely on water canals, made crossable by pleasant bridges.

In Giethoorn, you can take in the village atmosphere, stroll beside lily-strewn ponds, and then rest and refresh yourself in a café. We highly recommend that you set aside a day for the town of Giethoorn, and spend it looking at the charming houses on the banks of the canals and absorbing some of the tranquility that surrounds this beautiful place.

If you get the chance, rent a boat and be your own skipper. Cruising is easy and the speed is slow, especially since the water is only one meter deep. You'll have a wonderful and peaceful time on the water.

Giethoorn is a great location for a couple, or a family with children. A fun time is guaranteed for everyone.


If you can, it's best to arrive at Giethoorn in the early afternoon. In the morning the place is crowded and sailing in the canals is difficult and less pleasant.

Don't enter Giethoorn at the first entrance. Continue another 2-3 kilometers or (according to your GPS) enter the parking lot behind the supermarket. Walk a few steps out of the parking lot and you're ready to get started in Giethoorn.

Rent a boat for an hour only. Some boat owners offer two hours or more. Speaking from experience, it's tedious, unnecessarily long, and quite expensive. An hour of sailing is the perfect amount of time for you and your family.

Here is Giethoorn, the "Venice of the Netherlands":

Amsterdam Sex Museum
Amsterdam Sex Museum
#About the Museum

Amsterdam is known for its liberal atmosphere and freedom. It is not unique to find museums having to do with sex around the world, and so in Amsterdam you will also find this type of museum, but it is important to emphasis that there is no cheap porn here, it is rather interesting and artistic.

The museum was opened in 1985, operating for more than 20 years, is in a building that was built in the 17th century. It is divided into 3 floors, and on each one you can see displays and different exhibits about sex - from the Greek Empire, to the Roman, up to today. The museum holds its high standards among the sex museums around the world.

A wide collection was collected by the owner of the museum for personal use. Here you can see photos, drawings, artistic items, life-like statues and audio portions, clothing and erotica. All these have to do with the history of sex.

The museum has different exhibit rooms, with different people's names. Each room has background noises and creative art. An interesting room is the "Marquis de Sade" room, where you will hear a woman screaming in pleasure from the speakers. The Marquis de Sade was an author and philosopher that is mostly known thanks to his pornographic novels, and Sadism that was named after him.

The original name of the museum is the "Temple of Venus," named after the Goddess of gardens and vineyards of Roman mythology. At the entrance to the museum you can see the wax sculpture of Venus, in addition to some other fascinating statues, including Marilyn Monroe and her flouncing skirt, or male genital.

A Closer Look:


A visit:



Amsterdam Arena
Amsterdam Arena
#About the Stadium of Ajax soccer team

Originally, the Amsterdam Arena was built to host the 1992 Olympics. However Barcelona was picked as the hosting city instead of Amsterdam, and plans for the arena changed a lot. The arena by the end was built as a general center, not for sports. It was first opened in 1996, and it contains about 52,000 seats.

The arena's building budget reached about 96 million euros. Thanks to the modern architecture and design, the grass and roof can both be removed. This is a modern application, but has had some negative effects. For example, the grass wasn't able to grow under the covered roof, and the arena must re-grass the entire field four times a year.

Today the arena is used as the home stadium for Amsterdam's Ajax soccer team, and the Netherland's national football team. In addition, there are performances by well-known singers who manage to fill the hall with about 150,000 people. Tina Turner was the first one to achieve this.
Zaanse Schans
Zaanse Schans
#About the Ancient Village of the Netherlands

One of the mandatory sites of the Netherlands is only 20 kilometers from the center of Amsterdam. This is the Dutch village of Zaanse Schans, a 17th-century village with an amazing collection of windmills, restored and picturesque houses, swans, wooden houses, ducks, barns, workshops and artist workshops, just like the old days.

Zaanse Schans became an open museum, where you can learn about the 17th century Netherlands. There is a large concentration of active wind stations that can be accessed for 4-6 euros. In addition, a collection of village houses which are also traditional shops, allows the existence of this special place with free entry for tourists.

Millions of visitors visit the picturesque village that has become a village of artists every year and was declared in the Netherlands as a national project for the preservation of Dutch rural history, culture and traditions. There are dozens of craftsmen and artists who create and manufacture traditional products in the style of the old Netherlands.

The highlight of the trip is what is expected, those that produce the Dutch wooden shoes, such as Klompenmakerij, the wooden boot factory, where you can watch free of charge the demonstration of the manufacturing of clogs made of poplar wood.

It takes about 20 minutes to get here from Amsterdam. A round trip ticket costs about 8 euros per person.

Here's a Glimpse of the Place:


A trip:

A'DAM Toren
A'DAM Lookout
#About the Observatory

The stunning iconic building of A'DAM's Observatory is right next to the EYE Film Institute and across from the Central Station. It was once an abandoned high-rise building that became one of Amsterdam's leading tourist centers. You can reach it by ferry. This is Amsterdam's most impressive observation post. From here you can see the historic center of the city, the harbor, the scenery and the canals. Beyond that, you can see an interactive exhibition here to complete the experience. The exhibition deals with the history and culture of Amsterdam.

However, you must not skip the most exciting attraction in the observatory. The highest swing in Europe is right here. It is called "Over the Edge" and it opened to visitors recently, in 2016. A hundred meters above ground, with all of Amsterdam under your feet, you will not be able to relax from the adrenalin that will flow through your body. Enjoy!
Body Worlds Amsterdam
Body Worlds Amsterdam
#About the Museum

In 2008, Queen Beatrix dedicated a particularly interesting museum, which to this day is among the few in its field in the world - the Body World Museum, dedicated to the human body. The purpose of the Amsterdam Body World Museum is to take visitors on a fascinating journey of discovery and understanding of what makes people happy and the impact of happiness on our health through the learning of the human body.

The Body Worlds Museum will take you on a fascinating and educational tour of the human body. The museum is built so that on each floor you come to another area of ​​the body, study and delve into it. To enhance the experience, you can tour the muscles, the heart, the digestive system, the structure of the oral cavity, and more, while playing relevant and even 3D videos and audio clips with 3-D glasses, 3D movies and moving chairs.

More than 200 anatomical models of human bodies show the complexity, strength and vulnerability of the body. They show visitors how the organs work and how the body is affected by common diseases.

The tour is educational and recommended for children, as it encourages proper nutrition and the preservation of the human body.

A Closer Look:


A Visit:


How the Displays are Created:


A Tour:


Dam Square
Dam Square
#About the Square
The heart of the capital of the Netherlands and the center of all tourists and visitors in Amsterdam is the popular Dam Square. It is located in the center of the old city and in fact consists of two squares united that became one. Although we have become accustomed to identifying circle-shaped square, Dam Square is actually square, about 200 meters long (east to west) and 100 meters wide (north to south). It is close to the famous Red Light District and 750 meters south of Amsterdam's main train station.

In the square you can visit the Wax Museum, one of Madame Tussauds' famous network of museums. Among other things you can also see the "De Biencorp" (one of Amsterdam's largest and most famous shopping centers). Not only is the square so appealing, its diverse attractions, such as an impressive giant ferriswheel, food stalls, shops, restaurants, cafe and hotels, attract tourists from all corners of the city. The fairs, the street performances and the theater in which they works, do the job.

Every year, on New Year's Eve thousands of visitors and locals gather to celebrate the countdown and New Year's Eve celebrations.

#What About the Square?

At the western end of the square you can see the royal palace that was used from 1655 as a town hall and became a palace in 1808. To this day the palace serves the Queen when she visits the Hague, her thrown.

On the north side of the square you will see the new church built in the 15th century.

On the eastern side of the square is a national monument (obelisk at a height of 22 meters). The monument was erected in 1956 in memory of the underground movement and soldiers who fell during World War II.

#The Square's Name

The name Dam, as you can imagine, gave the square received its name because of other historical uses.

In the past, where the busy square now stands, there was a dam on the Amstel River. It was built in 1270 and on either side were the first houses that symbolized the establishment of Amsterdam. With the expansion of the dam over the years, the square on which you stand today has developed. Today of course, you will not be able to see it anymore because the dam is no longer there.

A Closer Look at the Square:

Het Hollands Kaasmuseum
#About the Museum

If you've done some homework on Amsterdam, you've probably heard quite a bit about the city's fine cheeses. Amsterdam is definitely one of the leading cheese manufacturers in Europe, with a production of over 674,000 tons of cheese each year.

The cheese museum where you stand now, opened in 1983 and is worth a visit especially to the cheese lovers among you. It is a museum dedicated entirely to Dutch cheese. Where sellers are always dressed in traditional Dutch clothes and beyond the museum there is also an attractive shop where you can buy cheeses.

On the ground floor of the museum you can taste different types of Dutch cheese. If you go down the steps below, you will arrive at the area that deals entirely with the Gouda cheese - where you can find relevant information (videos, pictures and texts) about the history of Dutch cheese production. Another nice corner in the museum is a corner where visitors dress like farmers and take photos.
#About the Pedestrian Mall
Amsterdam's oldest shopping street is located in the heart of the city with a variety of attractive shops. Here you will find around 200 boutique stores, fashion shops, restaurants and local pubs. You can reach the pedestrian mall via the metro, the tram and the buses - whatever is convenient for you. The shops in the pedestrian mall are open seven days a week. On the website of the pedestrian mall you can find more details about the specific shops in the area and their opening hours.

A Closer Look at the Mall:

Beurs van Berlage
#About the Building

In this building, at the beginning of the 20th century, the Stock Exchange of Amsterdam operated. Due to its location on Damrak Street, it has maintained its nickname to this day, though the Stock Exchange has since moved to a new building. This building was designed by Dutch architect Hendrik Petrus Berlage and is considered one of the 100 most important buildings of the conservation department.

The building now serves as a center for exhibitions, conferences and other meetings.

A Closer Look at the Building:


Various Events Held in the Building:

Amsterdam Central Station
#About the Station

By name you might expect to see a train station here, but the truth is that, like other European stations of former empires, the Amsterdam Central Railway Station is more like a palace or a museum. It is the only railway station located in the center of the city and is surrounded by canals of water.

The station was built in 1889 by the same architect who designed the Amsterdam National Museum, Pierre Cuypers. All international trains reach the railway station and in recent years more than 160,000 passengers visit it. The place has the status of a national heritage site. The building is adorned with decorations related to the sea and marine voyages, since in the past the place served as an internal port from which boats sailed.

Since 1997, the station building, the underground passages and the surrounding area have undergone extensive renovations and extensive maintenance work. When you get out of the station, you can see hundreds of bicycles around. Remember that bicycles are the most frequent means of transportation for locals in Amsterdam.

A Closer Look at the Station:

Amsterdam City Archives
#About the Municipal Archive of the Capital of the Netherlands

The archive offers an opportunity to be exposed to the history of the city of Amsterdam. This is done through official documents, letters and even audio materials. Among the fascinating documents here is a report about Anne Frank's bicycle theft in 1942 (she also mentioned it in her diary), a photograph of the Dutch entrepreneur Freddie Heineken in 1976, the student registration card of renowned footballer Johann Cruyff in 1947, and more.

It is likely that any book ever written about Amsterdam can be found in the archives. This is in addition to magazines and newspapers, some of which are 350 years old. There are more than 700,000 photos and a few thousand listings. It is the largest municipal archive in the world, and its exhibits are spread over shelves with a total length of 49 km.

The archive belongs to the government of Amsterdam. It also follows the way in which the various departments in the administrative structure of Amsterdam manages their archives and promise to preserve documents of importance to the history of the city.
Jewish Historical Museum Amsterdam
# About the Museum

The Museum of Jewish History is located in Amsterdam and presents the history of Judaism, in the Netherlands in particular and throughout the world in general. It opened in 1932 in Newmarket Square. However, during World War II, when the Netherlands was conquered by the Nazis, the museum was closed for lack of choice and most of its collections were lost.

In 1966 the synagogue complex returned to the local authorities and the museum was opened there. The museum has a variety of exhibits that describe important topics related to Judaism: from religious holidays and ceremonies, through the Holocaust and Zionism to the history of the Jewish community. The museum also has a special wing for children.

The number of items in the museum reaches 11,000 exhibits, but despite the large quantity, only 5% of the total items are displayed each time. On the first floor you can see religious objects. Anyone who is interested in Jewish customs and traditions can find sufficient explanations here. The museum has a large synagogue, where you can learn about the history of Jews living in the Netherlands from 1600 to 1890. In the adjacent synagogue hall, you can watch an exhibition depicting the history of Dutch Jewry in the 20th century. Beyond the exhibits, there are also many historical documents and photographs, books and pamphlets, listening and viewing materials.

In 1989, the Museum won the Council of Europe Prize for its unique collections, unique structure and presentation of the items.

A Closer Look at the Museum:

Heineken Music Hall
#About the Concert Hall

Heineken Music Hall is one of the leading music venues in Amsterdam. This massive hall hosts performances and ensembles by the world's leading artists, as well as beginning groups. It was built between 1996 - 2001 and cost about 30 million euros. The hall is located next to the stadium and sports center "Amsterdam Arena."

The hall where the majority of shows take place is called "The Black Box." Its total area is 3,000 square meters and can fit up to 5,500 viewers. There are also smaller events here, in smaller halls, where only 700 or so viewers can fit.

Many known artists have performed here, among them are Kylie Minogue, Katie Perry and the Black Keys.
#About the Garden

Begijnhof, is a green and quiet compound, which, when you enter it, leaves behind the busy city. This is one of Amsterdam's most interesting escape spots. The rainbow arch, made of oak, will bring you into an ancient courtyard. This courtyard is surrounded by ancient houses, some of which have existed here since the 15th century. Although most of the original buildings have not been able to survive, the courtyard will still provide you with a historical sense.

The courtyard was built in 1346 for the women of Begijnhof. They were fraternal societies that devoted their lives to the sick and the needy. The Begijnhof lived a life that was very reminiscent of the life of the nuns, but instead of dedicating their lives to God, as nuns do, they devoted them to the poor. They had their own rules, which they were careful to keep. In 1578, with the religious revolution, the Protestants confiscated their Catholic Church at the end of the courtyard. Having no choice, the women were forced to continue their worship in secret, in improvised prayer houses.

In most of these housing units, single women still live today. Their apartments usually have one large room. Since the entire site is defined as a historic preservation asset, it is forbidden to demolish walls or one apartment here, which is the reason for the restrictive conditions. Do not forget, although the place is very interesting, it is a private compound and the quiet should be maintained.

A Closer Look at Begijnhof:


Canal District
#About the Canals

You might often hear about Amsterdam's nickname, Venice of the North. This is mainly because of the canals that are in it and cross the city. The entire canal network (Grachtengordel) extends over 100 kilometers, with 90 islands and 1,500 bridges between these canals. This canal network was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2010.

Most of the city's main canals were excavated by workers in the 16th century. Their original purpose was to drain the marshes, to keep the land from flooding and to allow for expansion outside the walls surrounding the city. Later, they became waterways for ships and boats. Most of the goods were transferred to warehouses located on the banks of the canals in the center of the city. Some of the warehouses were right on the water. Today, the most common sight on these canals is the sight of tourist boats sailing over them. At night the lights on the bridges light up and give a pleasant and romantic atmosphere especially during cruises.

Amsterdam has three main canals, which you will not miss: Herengracht, Prinsengracht and Keizersgracht. They were excavated during the Golden Age of the Netherlands, around the 17th century. You can find buildings built in 1550 along the canals.

#Canal Network

The canal network area is recognized by tourists from all over the world for many years. The three canals, Herengracht, Keizersgracht and Prinsengracht are joined by streets filled with restaurants, cafes and shops built in the golden years of Amsterdam. It is not by chance that the three canals end with the same "gracht" sound. The word "gracht" in Dutch means "canal."

The canals form a horseshoe around the center of the old city and the entire area serves as a passage from the noisy area to the quieter and calmer neighborhoods. The area becomes particularly lively at night, where you will find plenty of clubs, bars and pubs, restaurants and more.
Houseboat Museum
#About the Museum

You have reached one of the more interesting museums in the world, where you can experience a tour on a real boat, anchored in one of Amsterdam's canals. The museum allows a glimpse into the lives of people who decided to live on water, in house boats located in Amsterdam's canals.

The museum in 1914 was on a cargo ship that was used to transfer sand and rocks, called the Hendrika Maria. Until the 1960's the boat was used for its cargo purposes, however in 1967 it was turned into a museum and many of the original items were remained untouched.

Feel free to take photos of this interesting way of life. In the museum you will find children's toys and a cafe.
#About the Neighborhood

In the picturesque Jordaan neighborhood you will find lots of art galleries, markets and nostalgic homes like Anne Frank's house. Most of the canals in the neighborhood are named after different trees and flowers, and therefore the name of the neighborhood appears to be in the word jardin, in French. However, it is speculated that perhaps it is actually named after one of the canals that pass through the neighborhood, the Prinsengracht Canal, formerly known as Jordaan, after the famous river.

At the beginning of the 17th century, when the neighborhood was built, it was home to the lower classes, the working class and the workers who built the city's canals and bridges. The famous painter Rembrandt spent his last years here, having lost all his possessions and money and had to live modestly. The neighborhood at that time was dirty, the canals felt like open sewers and the apartments were not inviting, because they looked like slums.

After World War II, the population changed slightly. That was when young students and artists began to arrive.

Today you will find quite a few art galleries and music clubs where you can pass the time. The streets are full of bookstores, cafes, antique shops, art galleries, pubs and restaurants. There are also several points worth visiting: the Westerkerk Church, the Anne Frank House and the Nordermarkt Market. Every year the Jordaan Festival - Jordaanfestival - is held here.

A Closer Look at the Neighborhood:

Museum of Bags and Purses
#About the Museum

The Museum of Bags and Purses (Tassen Museum) is an amazing place where you can see endless numbers of designer bags from around the world. The building is located in a historic building, and has five floors with extensive bag and wallet collections. Here you can see and learn about fashion, and the history of bag fashion - beginning with the bags of the European nobility, all the way to golden sewn bags with gemstones, and more.

It is interesting to see the history in the materials used for the bags, colors, and shapes. Among the items you will see bags by famous designers like Versace, Coco Chanel, Gucci, Yves Saint Laurent and more. Today the museum collects items from all over the world- starting with hand bags, evening bags, luggages, and more. The stories behind the bags are not any less interesting than the bags themselves.

#Examples for Display Items

Bags of French cards for amateur gamblers, wallets of letters that women gave to their husbands with their pictures so they would miss them, wedding gift purses that contained coins for the couple. There were often 13 coins, symbolizing Jesus and the twelve apostles.

There are special purses from the 1930's, such as bags in the form of the ship Normandy, designed by fashion designer Elsa Shafarelli in the 1930's, commissioned by the shipping company and distributed to the first class passengers on board. Next to them are shoe-shaped wallets, crabs, magazines, an envelope and a pot ...

In the temporary exhibitions you can see something else every time, like modern men's bags that look like futuristic pods, knight hats or crystals and minerals or male sporting bags from different exhibitions.

#A Closer Look at the Museum:

Museum Square
Rembrandt House Museum

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.