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Amsterdam
Amsterdam
#About the City of Amsterdam

Amsterdam is an amazing city of canals, known as "The Venice of the North," a city that is calm, ancient, relaxed, modernized, and always up to date. There are many contrasts in the city. On one hand there are many canals, pretty floating houses and cute bridges, and on the other hand the city is modern and new, a lively and vibrant capital. It is a crowded metropolis, an ancient city, picturesque and pastoral, with architecture that hasn't changes since the Renaissance. The city of Anne Frank, impressive churches and artists like Rembrandt, a pluralistic and patient city, with red lights and some light drugs.

As a rule, the graceful tolerance shown by the Dutch towards the minorities and the different is one of the things that make Amsterdam so loved and appreciated. "Live and let live" exemplified here! Waves of immigration and the many cultures not mixed here have made the city into a liberal heaven that naturally accepts different populations and lifestyles.

This is not a big city. Many of the sites are located in the center, and many of the tours can be done by walking or by bikes. In general, Amsterdam loved bikers, and is full of biking lanes. Everything starts, more or less, in Dam Square, which is a meeting point for the pedestrian walkways Kalverstraat and Nieuwendijk, two main roads. From here you can reach the outer circle, to the circular canals around, and to the 15 districts formed between them.



#Tours
Getting to know the city's canals?
Click on the tag "Amsterdam Canals."
Culture and general knowledge?
Click on the tag "Museumplein."
A tour around the picturesque city
Click on the tag "Tour of Jordaan."
Fun city attractions?
Click on the tag "Amsterdam pleasure tour."
About the Red Lights
Click on the tag "Red Light District."


#10 Places to Visit in Amsterdam in Winter:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EjlEYgx6kFc



#Must See Sights

What to see the most popular places in town? Click on the tag "Must see in Amsterdam."

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=coATMi4YnF0



#With Children

A trip for the whole family? Click on the tag "Attractions for children in Amsterdam."



#Food

An unforgettable meal? Find awesome restaurants - Click on the tag "Must eat in Amsterdam."

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JAsch2LZ37s



#Tips

In most European countries service fees are already included in the check, so it is customary to give a 2 euro tip, regardless of the price of the check itself.



#Interests

Interested in certain things? - Click on the tag "Interests."



#Holland Country Code

+31



#Savings
Public Transportation - Buy a OV-chipkaart ticket, reloadable for more rides.
Supermarket - Chains like Aldi and Albert Heijn are very cheap and easy to located. Aldi is very economical but sells mainly basic products, the second store is a bit more expensive but you can find everything there.
Free events - On the website 'I Amsterdam' you can find all the city's functions that have free entrance.
Regular Bus - A great way to see Amsterdam, you can used this app and discover sites close to you wherever you are and listen to the voice recordings.
Discounts in Various Spots - Use a student card, not accepted everywhere.
Museum and Attraction Lovers - if you are thinking about visiting many spots, the iAmsterdam card is for you.
Picnics - Vondelpark is the place to go, or any other amazing park in this city, a picnic after a museum tour is fun and saves a lot.



#Shopping

First and foremost there is a Primark, on the shopping street Kalverstraat. Also see the link below for more recommendations.



#Entertainment

The well-known clubs are Club Roses, for the rich and famous that is located in a space that was a gas factory, the Bij Jansen, that is for students and requires a student card to get in, and the renovated Odeon, the Sugar Factory with hip hop music, Bitterzoet, alternative, and Escape Lounge that is the largest in Amsterdam.



#Electric Outlets

The possible types of plugs are Type C, Type E and Type F.



A taste of the upcoming trip? - Here's a video that will show you the city in all its beauty:

https://youtu.be/IpytNrNdkFo
Amsterdam
Concertgebouw
#About the Concert Building

The concert building, and the home of the Concertgebouw Orchestra, is considered one of the three finest concert halls in the world. It has outstanding acoustics, which provide wonderful sound and enhance the audience's experience.

The exterior and interior architecture of the building, designed by Dutch architect Adolf Leonard van Gendt, is strikingly impressive. The walls of the building are decorated with golden flowers and angels. The building is filled with columns, arches and huge chandeliers that provide the place with a royal touch.

The museum opened in 1888, and in the first concert held here, works by Beethoven and Bach, two of the greatest classical composers of all time, were played. The orchestra at the time had 100 musicians and a chorus of 500 singers.

The Main Hall is the most impressive. It is painted in royal colors of red and gold. The hall is 44 meters long, 28 meters wide and 17 meters tall. It has over 2,000 comfortable and inviting seats. Almost one million people arrive every year to enjoy quality concerts and other musical performances.

Apart from the Main Hall, you'll also find two small oval halls - the Small Hall and the Hall of Mirrors. The Small Hall holds mainly chamber music concerts. The doors of the second hall, the Hall of Mirrors, are covered in - you guessed it! – mirrors.

In the halls, you can listen to all types of performances. Each year there are about 800 concerts in the various halls. Any lover of classical music will find performances of a world-renowned Philharmonic orchestra, or the highest quality and expertise in the world of classical music. In addition to these performances, there are also recitals, solo acts, and performances by various ensembles. And if you thought the place was only for adults, you thought wrong. There are also concerts for children, which provide them with a genuine, high quality musical experience.



A Closer Look at the Concert Hall:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zsz7-X_dBJU
Amsterdam
Giethoorn
#The Venice of the Netherlands: Where There are No Roads

Giethoorn is a small, peaceful Dutch town located in the northwestern part of Overijssel province. Giethoorn is also known as the "Venice of the Netherlands." The reason for this name is that this haven is built almost entirely on water canals, made crossable by pleasant bridges.

In Giethoorn, you can take in the village atmosphere, stroll beside lily-strewn ponds, and then rest and refresh yourself in a café. We highly recommend that you set aside a day for the town of Giethoorn, and spend it looking at the charming houses on the banks of the canals and absorbing some of the tranquility that surrounds this beautiful place.

If you get the chance, rent a boat and be your own skipper. Cruising is easy and the speed is slow, especially since the water is only one meter deep. You'll have a wonderful and peaceful time on the water.

Giethoorn is a great location for a couple, or a family with children. A fun time is guaranteed for everyone.



#Tips

If you can, it's best to arrive at Giethoorn in the early afternoon. In the morning the place is crowded and sailing in the canals is difficult and less pleasant.

Don't enter Giethoorn at the first entrance. Continue another 2-3 kilometers or (according to your GPS) enter the parking lot behind the supermarket. Walk a few steps out of the parking lot and you're ready to get started in Giethoorn.

Rent a boat for an hour only. Some boat owners offer two hours or more. Speaking from experience, it's tedious, unnecessarily long, and quite expensive. An hour of sailing is the perfect amount of time for you and your family.



Here is Giethoorn, the "Venice of the Netherlands":

https://youtu.be/FIYQLKBu9rQ
Albert Cuyp Market
Albert Cuyp Market
#The Market that is Trendy and Popular Among the Locals, Which You'll Enjoy Too!

Although we're used to markets targeted at tourists, this one, the Albert Cuyp Market , also known as "The Cuyp," actually appeals to the local residents. On a busy day, around 20,000 people visit the Cuyp's 260 stands, which maintain local authenticity and intimacy. It is one of the oldest, largest and most recognized markets in Amsterdam. The merchandise is varied, and not too expensive. In the market you'll find anything from clothing to household items, as well as delicious street food, cafes, and restaurants.

The market, which was named after 17th century painter Albert Cuyp, was founded at the beginning of the 20th century and started from just a few street vendors and stands. Even as the market grows, the vendors today are managing to preserve the same atmosphere of solidarity and familiarity that was felt back then.

In the sixties and seventies, the market was the largest in the Netherlands, and it continues to grow today. In 2005 it celebrated 100 years of activity. Today, in addition to the stands and shops, there are plenty of evening attractions, restaurants and bars where you can spend a good few hours. Don't be shy to bargain with the vendors - it's customary and accepted here.



A Closer Look at the Market:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2UMt_f2yq7g

Amsterdam

Allard Pierson Museum
Allard Pierson Museum
#About the Museum of Archeology

The Allard Pierson Museum is the Museum of Archeology at the University of Amsterdam. It displays works of art and useful tools that came straight from ancient Egypt, the Far East, ancient Greece and Rome. You can also see examples of temples, ancient buildings, mummies, sarcophagi and ribbons that show the process of mummifying. Like many Amsterdam buildings, it is also located on the banks of the canal.

The museum was founded in 1934 and was named after Professor Allard Pierson, who was the first lecturer of archeology at the University of Amsterdam. Many of the items he collected over the years were acquired by the university after his death and are now exhibited here at the Allard Pierson Museum. Here are the plaster replicas he collected, sculptures and architectural elements from the Middle East, Greece and Italy. Other artifacts discovered by other archeology lecturers are also exhibited here, such as archaeologist Jan Six, are also on display at the museum.

Despite the museum's interest in archeology, it has a lot of experience in presenting innovation and connections to the 21st century. The renovations made here bring innovation, while trying to preserve the historical structure and authenticity. Beyond displays and permanent exhibits, there are also temporary exhibitions that change from time to time.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/KuW3cHAEY60



An Outside View:

https://youtu.be/ItWjQVaDwhQ
Amstelkring Museum
Amstelkring Museum
#About Amsterdam's "Religious" Museum

In Amsterdam's canal district, in the heart of the Red Light District you can visit at Amstelkring Museum. This museum is a little odd, if you take into account that it looks like a church. And if you were wondering about the church-like appearance, you were not mistaken - starting from 1661 this building was used as a church, where Catholics had to pray in complete secrecy. These are years the Holland became protestant, and starting in 1578 catholic masses were not allowed to be held. Following that, the church is only in the attic. This entire building was actually someone's residence.

In 1888 the building was opened as a museum, and since that time it no longer acts as a church. In the museum you can view the house itself, as it was furnished in the 18th century. In the building's attic, after a steep climb on wooden stairs, you can see the church, the steeple, with 150 seats. Marble columns, paintings and statues are only a part of the decorations of the church, all possible to view here.

In the lower floors you can see residential rooms, collections of statues, pictures, and silver vases. It's recommended to go to the drawing room in the impressive house.

Lately the museum has been remodeled and is now open to the public. There are about 85,000 visitors each year.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/wZZOZfwj3e0
Amstelpark
Amstel Park
#About the Park

Amstel Park (Amstelpark), located along the Amstel River was founded in 1972, and is one of the two most popular parks in Amsterdam.

Kids will find here a whole area full of attractions, like a petting zoo, ponies, mini golf, carousel, and go carts. For adults, there are art galleries spread around the park, where you can walk around the breath the artist's air.

The park is full of trees, lawns, and relaxing corners, walking lanes, and about 150 plant varieties and thousands of bushes (some reaching 4 meters in height). You can see the rose garden here, the butterfly garden, Japanese garden, and a small house showing off typical Dutch architecture.



A Closer Look at the Park:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZQPpLD9szyg
Amsterdam Arena
Amsterdam Arena
#About the Stadium

Originally, the Amsterdam Arena was built to host the 1992 Olympics. However Barcelona was picked as the hosting city instead of Amsterdam, and plans for the arena changed a lot. The arena by the end was built as a general center, not for sports. It was first opened in 1996, and it contains about 52,000 seats.

The arena's building budget reached about 96 million euros. Thanks to the modern architecture and design, the grass and roof can both be removed. This is a modern application, but has had some negative effects. For example, the grass wasn't able to grow under the covered roof, and the arena must re-grass the entire field four times a year.

Today the arena is used as the home stadium for Amsterdam's Ajax soccer team, and the Netherland's national football team. In addition, there are performances by well-known singers who manage to fill the hall with about 150,000 people. Tina Turner was the first one to achieve this.


Amsterdam Centre for Architecture ARCAM
Amsterdam Centre for Architecture ARCAM
#About the Center

The architecture center was built in 1986, with the opening of the Architect Foundation in Amsterdam. The Foundation is open to the public, to stir interest in development of the city and its architecture. The center focuses on architecture, city development and landscapes. It is the largest and oldest of the 40 architecture centers in Holland. The complex building, shaped like a trapezoid, has three floors, and was designed by Renee van Zuck. The building was finished in 2003.

The foundation's work is financed on charitable donations and sponsors, such as the city of Amsterdam, and the Architecture Support Fund. The center has 5 yearly exhibits that showcase the different architecture developments on one hand, and the Dutch architecture development on the other. On a panoramic wall, you can see the history of architecture of Amsterdam for the past 1,200 years.

In the center you can learn about architecture in Amsterdam in different ways: courses and guided tours. The museum has both permanent and temporary exhibits.




A Closer Look at the Amazing Building:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A_ocf-Wgpk4
Amsterdam City Archives
#About the Municipal Archive of the Capital of the Netherlands

The archive offers an opportunity to be exposed to the history of the city of Amsterdam. This is done through official documents, letters and even audio materials. Among the fascinating documents here is a report about Anne Frank's bicycle theft in 1942 (she also mentioned it in her diary), a photograph of the Dutch entrepreneur Freddie Heineken in 1976, the student registration card of renowned footballer Johann Cruyff in 1947, and more.

It is likely that any book ever written about Amsterdam can be found in the archives. This is in addition to magazines and newspapers, some of which are 350 years old. There are more than 700,000 photos and a few thousand listings. It is the largest municipal archive in the world, and its exhibits are spread over shelves with a total length of 49 km.

The archive belongs to the government of Amsterdam. It also follows the way in which the various departments in the administrative structure of Amsterdam manages their archives and promise to preserve documents of importance to the history of the city.
Amsterdam Central Station
#About the Station

By name you might expect to see a train station here, but the truth is that, like other European stations of former empires, the Amsterdam Central Railway Station is more like a palace or a museum. It is the only railway station located in the center of the city and is surrounded by canals of water.

The station was built in 1889 by the same architect who designed the Amsterdam National Museum, Pierre Cuypers. All international trains reach the railway station and in recent years more than 160,000 passengers visit it. The place has the status of a national heritage site. The building is adorned with decorations related to the sea and marine voyages, since in the past the place served as an internal port from which boats sailed.

Since 1997, the station building, the underground passages and the surrounding area have undergone extensive renovations and extensive maintenance work. When you get out of the station, you can see hundreds of bicycles around. Remember that bicycles are the most frequent means of transportation for locals in Amsterdam.



A Closer Look at the Station:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cZHayhUEvc8
Amsterdam National Museum
#About the Museum

The Amsterdam National Museum (Rijksmuseum) was established in 1800, in order to display modern art (modern at the time). It is also known by the name "The National Museum of Art" and is one of the most important museums in the world. The museum is located in the museum square, and nearby are other museums that are worth the visit. It is easy to spot this museum thanks to its impressive building, that looks just like a palace. This is the reason it is nicknamed the royal museum.

The truth is that the beautiful building only hosted the museum from 1885. The building was designed by Dutch architect Pierre Cuypers who designed the building in a mix between the Gothic and Renaissance style.

Among 4,500 pieces of art that you can see here are paintings, sketches, statues, prints, photos, and more. There are many works of art from the 17th century, and pieces from Amsterdam's golden age.

In the five wings at the museum you will find the Philips division (also named after the electronics giant who donated the money for its construction), this wing includes, among others, Rembrandt's "Night Watch." In addition, among the rooms in the museum you will be exposed to a huge selection of exhibits that will provide a nostalgic and fascinating experience in time, from the Middle Ages, the Renaissance and beyond. Through the presentation of the items, arranged according to the periods, we can learn about the common characteristics of the art and the subjects that occupied the artists.

Especially interesting exhibits are art objects from Asia, dolls' houses, porcelain objects and more. The museum is very popular and has many visitors throughout the day.



#Renovation of the Museum

In 2013 the museum was renovated in a large and significant way. Although the original structure of Pierre Cuypers was added wings and courtyards, the result has not yet been sufficient, as the museum's vast collection have only grown throughout the years. In 2003 it was closed for extensive renovations.

It was opened 10 years later, in 2013. The renovations lasted five years longer than planned (originally designed 5 years of renovation) and their total cost amounted to about $500 million. Despite the enormous deviation from the budget and the timelime, something particularly nostalgic about it in the 19th century returned to the museum, combined with elements that characterize the 21st century.

The architects, Cruz and Ortiz, won the competition and undertook the renovation of the museum. They began a precise reconstruction of the galleries and decorations that characterized the building in the past. They believed in simplicity and made sure to stick to tradition and nostalgia. Among other things, he added a display space, shops, restaurants, educational facilities and a renovated library.

The museum's public interior, with a size of more than 2,200 square meters, contains glass roofs and Portuguese stone floors, which can be accessed free of charge and featuring performances and artistic installations.



#Rembrandt's "Night Watch" Painting (Courtesy of Eureka Encyclopedia)

One of the most prominent paintings at the Amsterdam National Museum is Rembrandt's painting, "Night Watch," or "night shift," as its name is sometimes written, a masterpiece of the Dutch painter Rembrandt. This painting is considered the artist's most famous painting and probably the most important work of art of the Netherlands.

The painting was completed in 1642 and depicts the civil force of Captain Koch (dressed in black and red) and his deputy Willem van Roitenbork, together with the soldiers of their platoon.

The name "Night Watch" is given to it even though it is not a nightly picture, because it is coated with dark varnish that gives the viewer the feeling that it is nighttime.

History of art knows that the fact that not all members of the Guard's faces were painted, some faces are clear while others are hidden, caused the painting to be rejected by the ones who comissioned it, and it was hung in the city hall of Amsterdam. It was also cut at the edge, in order to hang it on a wall too small. The full painting today remains only in a smaller copy of the original painting.



A Closer Look at the Rijksmuseum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AOqdCNjq-x0
Amsterdam Maritime History
#About the Museum

Amsterdam's Maritime Museum displays the story of the seafarers and their fascinating lives. Through the museum you can learn about their lives in a fun and interactive way. The museum building was built in 1656, and is walking distance from the NEMO Museum. Until 1973 the building was used as a Navy warehouse, until the museum opened.

In the museum are historical items, beginning from 500 years ago, that belong to the Dutch Navy. The Navy used to be the strongest in the world. There are many interesting things and displays, enabling visitors to connect and intimately learn about the country's naval past. Children will also enjoy and find a lot of interests here, the museum has video games, and visual effects.

A few years ago the museum was renovated: in the garden, glass walls and ceilings were built, with LED lights hanging off of them. In the evening, there's a real feeling as if the skies are lighting up, and small stars are sparkling above. This is a reminder for the seafarers and how they navigated with stars, using them as compasses. Though there have been many renovations here, the classical feel of the building has remained.
Amsterdam Tulip Museum
#About the Museum

It is not just a special museum for tulip flowers in Amsterdam. Each year, at the beginning of spring, the countryside of the Netherlands is painted with vibrant colors of tulips. The Tulip Museum in Amsterdam is dedicated to this colorful and charming flower. It presents the history of the Tulips in the Netherlands and explains the economic power it had in the 17th century in the Netherlands.

The museum is not very large and its size reaches 2,200 square meters, but you can find a lot of knowledge, including how the flower bulbs were used as food during the wars, the roots of the Tulip flower in Turkey and even the techniques of breeding and reproduction, a theater and a small shop where you can buy souvenirs for yourself.



#The Colorful Madness

When tulips arrived in Holland at the end of the 16th century, they became especially popular among the upper classes. This period was the golden age of Holland in the early 17th century, during which the trade in these flowers increased significantly.

The first documented flowering of the tulips was in 1594, in the Botanical Garden of Hortus. Due to the Dutch economic downturn in the first half of the 17th century, competition began between the tulip towers - who will have the most beautiful tulip. People were willing to pay extra money for the flowers. Slowly the flowers became expensive and the annual income in the Netherlands rose at the same time. At the height of the tulip craze, in 1637, the price of flowers was more than 10 times the annual income of a skilled craftsman.

The noise around the flowers began to rise and a great deal of madness began to surround the subject. It was a real economic bubble because people began to sell land, houses and valuables to invest in tulips, until the market collapsed and people lost a fortune.


A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://youtu.be/yUNXZbaMwgU?t=8s
Amsterdam Sex Museum
#About the Museum

Amsterdam is known for its liberal atmosphere and freedom. It is not unique to find museums having to do with sex around the world, and so in Amsterdam you will also find this type of museum, but it is important to emphasis that there is no cheap porn here, it is rather interesting and artistic.

The museum was opened in 1985, operating for more than 20 years, is in a building that was built in the 17th century. It is divided into 3 floors, and on each one you can see displays and different exhibits about sex - from the Greek Empire, to the Roman, up to today. The museum holds its high standards among the sex museums around the world.

A wide collection was collected by the owner of the museum for personal use. Here you can see photos, drawings, artistic items, life-like statues and audio portions, clothing and erotica. All these have to do with the history of sex.

The museum has different exhibit rooms, with different people's names. Each room has background noises and creative art. An interesting room is the "Marquis de Sade" room, where you will hear a woman screaming in pleasure from the speakers. The Marquis de Sade was an author and philosopher that is mostly known thanks to his pornographic novels, and Sadism that was named after him.

The original name of the museum is the "Temple of Venus," named after the Goddess of gardens and vineyards of Roman mythology. At the entrance to the museum you can see the wax sculpture of Venus, in addition to some other fascinating statues, including Marilyn Monroe and her flouncing skirt, or male genital.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/zhfyy3Fd9Wo
Anne Frank House
#About the House

The Anne Frank House (Anne Frank Huis) a memorial for Anne Frank, stands exactly where she and her family hid during World War II. This is a total must visit site, dedicated to the memory of the Jewish girl and to the commemoration of the Holocaust in general.

Anne's family had to hide from the Nazis in the back of an office building where her father was working. Throughout this period, Anne Frank wrote a personal diary, which has now become one of the most famous books in the world. Anne Frank's diary has been translated into more than 50 languages.

Anne and her family hid there until they were turned over to the Nazis and sent directly to the concentration camps. All the members of Anne Frank's family, including her, were murdered in the Holocaust, all but her father. He returned after the war, found the diary lying on the floor of the hiding place and brought it to publication.

The museum opened to visitors in 1960 and is located on the banks of the Prinsengracht Canal. Thanks to careful conservation work, the museum manages to preserve the rooms that were in this secret area, just as they were in those days. The front of the house was restored and adapted to that period, the terrible hiding period. In the museum you will find original family items, rare photographs from the hiding period and documents.

In 2007, more than one million visitors visited the museum. This is one of the most important tourist attractions in Amsterdam. Beyond that, it is an exciting and chilling place that tells the story of one family among the thousands who were murdered mercilessly during this terrible war.


#About Anne Frank

During the time of World War II, the Jewish girl Anne Frank finds herself hiding for years in a hidden attic, together with her family, against the Nazis. Anne Frank writes a moving and personal diary about her family and the other family hiding with them, her thoughts, her love for the boy from the other family, and her feelings as a teenager growing up in the shadow of the great horror.

One day, after they were apparently betrayed by the Dutch Green Police, they were caught by the Nazis and transferred to concentration camps. Anne Frank perished in the Holocaust after she contracted typhus in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in March 1945.

When her father returned at the end of the war, after surviving, to the house where he and his family were hiding, he found Anne's diary among the objects lying on the ground. He published it and the Anne Frank Diary became one of the most beloved and unique books in the world, a wise and mature testimony of the experiences of the Jews hiding in the Holocaust, from the personal perspective of a young and lively girl.

Thus, the diary of the Jewish and anonymous girl from Amsterdam, the capital of the Netherlands, became the most famous document of the Holocaust.



#Tips

Tickets must be purchased online and preferably many months in advance. In the two or three months before your visit, there are many chances that tickets will not be left.

Didn't buy in advance? - Try to get to the Anne Frank House and take a place in the queue, before 3:00 pm, when you can buy a ticket in line.


A Closer Look at the House:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W0MXlz6hoq8
Beurs van Berlage
#About the Building

In this building, at the beginning of the 20th century, the Stock Exchange of Amsterdam operated. Due to its location on Damrak Street, it has maintained its nickname to this day, though the Stock Exchange has since moved to a new building. This building was designed by Dutch architect Hendrik Petrus Berlaga and is considered one of the 100 most important buildings of the conservation department.

The building now serves as a center for exhibitions, conferences and other meetings.



A Closer Look at the Building:

https://youtu.be/x7uUllCLi7Y?t=27s



Various Events Held in the Building:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RmJraV4PY64


Begijnhof
#About the Garden

Begijnhof, is a green and quiet compound, which, when you enter it, leaves behind the busy city. This is one of Amsterdam's most interesting escape spots. The rainbow arch, made of oak, will bring you into an ancient courtyard. This courtyard is surrounded by ancient houses, some of which have existed here since the 15th century. Although most of the original buildings have not been able to survive, the courtyard will still provide you with a historical sense.

The courtyard was built in 1346 for the women of Begijnhof. They were fraternal societies that devoted their lives to the sick and the needy. The Begijnhof lived a life that was very reminiscent of the life of the nuns, but instead of dedicating their lives to God, as nuns do, they devoted them to the poor. They had their own rules, which they were careful to keep. In 1578, with the religious revolution, the Protestants confiscated their Catholic Church at the end of the courtyard. Having no choice, the women were forced to continue their worship in secret, in improvised prayer houses.

In most of these housing units, single women still live today. Their apartments usually have one large room. Since the entire site is defined as a historic preservation asset, it is forbidden to demolish walls or one apartment here, which is the reason for the restrictive conditions. Do not forget, although the place is very interesting, it is a private compound and the quiet should be maintained.



A Closer Look at Begijnhof:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aIeXhkIqTog
Bible Museum
#About the Museum

The charming little Bible Museum (Bijbels Museum) of Amsterdam is one of the most important places for the three religions: Christianity, Judaism and Islam. It is located in two houses on the banks of the Herengracht Canal, called "Cromhout Houses." The houses were built by architect Philips Vingboons.

In the museum you will find Bibles, including the first Bible printed in 1477 in the Netherlands and the first edition of the first official Bible of the Netherlands in 1637. Copies of Isaiah and the Dead Sea Scrolls discovered in the Qumran caves, a famous archaeological site near the Dead Sea, are also here.

Among the exhibits in the museum you will see archaeological exhibits originating in ancient Egypt. Among them are oil lamps, clay tablets, tools and coins. There are also two kitchens built in the 17th century. Note also the ceiling paintings by the Dutch painter Jakob de Witt.

Among the models you can see in the museum is a model of the Temple Mount, a model of the Temple built by King Solomon and a model of the Temple built by Herod. The raw materials used to build these models are the same materials used in reality. Another fascinating model is the Ark of the Covenant that wandered with the Israelites in the desert for 40 years.

In the museum garden there are biblical plants, including spices whose purpose was to disperse odors, and add to the atmosphere of a temple or ceremonies that were customary at that time.



A Closer Look at the Bijbels Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_4waWi68wEI



Some of the Pictures:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3KDivHRTXRg
Church of Saint Nicholas
#About the Church

The church was built in the 19th century by the architect Andrianus Bleijs, during a time when Catholics were prevented from building churches and presenting ritual elements. Bleijs designed the church in several styles, among them are the Noe-Baroque and Noe-Renaissance. This is the largest Catholic church in Amsterdam and is near the Central Train Station. Though its location is around hotels and residential buildings, it still catches the eyes, standing there tall and impressive.

The church was dedicated to Saint Nicholas, considered one of the patron saints of the whole city. You might know Saint Nicholas by his more well-known nickname, Santa Clause...

At the front of the building is the Rossetta window, whose center is designed as a flat plate that shows Jesus and his four Apostles. The window was created in 1886 by Van den Bossche, and his team of workers. Above the window is the holy statue that protects the church and Amsterdam. The statue was sculpted by Bart van Hove in 1886.

The main alter of the church describes the miracle of the half-digested bread, which was the most important religious event to happen in the city, and above it is the crown of Emperor Maximilian I. In the church walls you can see murals.

The church received its status as a basilica in 2012.
Bloemenmarkt
#A Market for All Flower Lovers

Even if you are not an avid flower fan, the Bloemenmarkt at Singel, is a must see sight in Amsterdam. This is the only flower floating market in Europe. On small boats on the Singel canal, there are hundreds of flower stalls, you will see endless colors, smells, and smiles here. You will see every flower you love, from tulips, daffodils, roses, to tropical plants, which were acclimated to the Netherlands.

More than just flowers, there is everything here to do with gardening. Plants, seeds, fertilizers for nurturing plants - everything gardeners need in Amsterdam.

Holland has been known for hundreds of years as the flower growing empire, where the largest flower exchange in the world is located. Every year there are different flower exhibits in the city.

The Amsterdam lower market is open daily and the entrance is free. The Singel canal, where the market is located, is placed between Koningsplein and Muntplein, only a ten minute walk from Dam Square. It is worth to walk around here, another unique and interesting place in this city.



A Closer Look at the Flower Market:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nNDA2RoHJ7Y
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