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Kalverstraat
Kalverstraat
#About the Pedestrian Mall

The Kalverstraat pedestrian mall is one of the most popular shopping places - it does not allow vehicles to enter, so it is very popular and full of shops and stalls. You will find almost everything - international brand stores, Dutch stores, clothing, souvenirs, music, books and much more.

Another name for the pedestrian mall is the "Calf Market," thanks to the market that stood here in the 16th century. The market operated since 1486 as a cattle and sheep market and was originally called the "Bull Market." In 1629 this name was changed to the calf market. Today the name is Kalverstraat pedestrian mall. Throughout history and to this day many visitors and tourists have come to this area.

The length of the pedestrian mall is 750 meters, starting at Dam Square and ending in Montorn (the Mint Tower). You will find stores of companies and brands such as: Zara, Crocs, H & M, Vans, Mango and more. The stores are open seven days a week.



#About the "Stille Omgang" Parade

Sometimes you can hear people calling Amsterdam "The City of Miracles." It was not by chance that the city gained its name, for there had been quite a few miracles in history. One of the most striking examples of such a miracle is the Stille Omgang procession. The procession is conducted once a year, it is festive and special, but is conducted under exemplary silence.

So what's the whole story about?

The story took place here in 1345. A sick man was lying in the bed of his house on Kalverstraat (yes, the one where you are now) and dying. While counting his last days, feeling that he was going to die, the man invited the local priest to conduct his final ceremonies including the blessing sacrament. The Catholic priest came to greet the dying believer at his home and gave him the sacrament. But the patient vomited the bread, straight into the fire. Surprisingly, the bread was not digested. The next day they took the bread to the city's big church, but, surprisingly, later in the day, the bread was again found in the sick man's house. Since then, the Catholic community in Amsterdam has marked the miracle in the Stille Omgang parade, which takes place every year on the night of March 15th. Thousands of people march together, with candles in their hands, and pass through the city.
Het Hollands Kaasmuseum
Het Hollands Kaasmuseum
#About the Museum

If you've done some homework on Amsterdam, you've probably heard quite a bit about the city's fine cheeses. Amsterdam is definitely one of the leading cheese manufacturers in Europe, with a production of over 674,000 tons of cheese each year.

The cheese museum where you stand now, opened in 1983 and is worth a visit especially to the cheese lovers among you. It is a museum dedicated entirely to Dutch cheese. Where sellers are always dressed in traditional Dutch clothes and beyond the museum there is also an attractive shop where you can buy cheeses.

On the ground floor of the museum you can taste different types of Dutch cheese. If you go down the steps below, you will arrive at the area that deals entirely with the Gouda cheese - where you can find relevant information (videos, pictures and texts) about the history of Dutch cheese production. Another nice corner in the museum is a corner where visitors dress like farmers and take photos.
Museumplein
Museum Square
#About the Square

The Museum Square (Museumplein) in Amsterdam is familiar thanks to the big sign located here, in big letters, the letters read "I AM AMSTERDAM." This area is usually very crowded with tourists, and everyone, like you, wants a photo with the large letters.

The square was originally a candle factory. In 1999 the square was renovated by the design Swedish landscape architect Sven-Ingvar Andersson. Among other things an underground parking lot and supermarket were built. Starting in the 19th century, this area houses many impressive museums. This is how the square got the name, "Museumplein," the museums here are: Amsterdam National Museum, Van Gogh Museum, Stedelijk Museum, and the Diamond Museum.

In the square you can see a large lawn area where concerts are held, as well as protests, markets, and public events. The pool at the center of the square becomes an ice rink each winter.
Albert Cuyp Market
Albert Cuyp Market
#The Market that is Trendy and Popular Among the Locals, Which You'll Enjoy Too!

Although we're used to markets targeted at tourists, this one, the Albert Cuyp Market , also known as "The Cuyp," actually appeals to the local residents. On a busy day, around 20,000 people visit the Cuyp's 260 stands, which maintain local authenticity and intimacy. It is one of the oldest, largest and most recognized markets in Amsterdam. The merchandise is varied, and not too expensive. In the market you'll find anything from clothing to household items, as well as delicious street food, cafes, and restaurants.

The market, which was named after 17th century painter Albert Cuyp, was founded at the beginning of the 20th century and started from just a few street vendors and stands. Even as the market grows, the vendors today are managing to preserve the same atmosphere of solidarity and familiarity that was felt back then.

In the sixties and seventies, the market was the largest in the Netherlands, and it continues to grow today. In 2005 it celebrated 100 years of activity. Today, in addition to the stands and shops, there are plenty of evening attractions, restaurants and bars where you can spend a good few hours. Don't be shy to bargain with the vendors - it's customary and accepted here.



A Closer Look at the Market:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2UMt_f2yq7g

Amsterdam in Winter

Foam Amsterdam
Foam Amsterdam
#About the Photography Museum

This small and pleasant museum is devoted to the entire subject of photography. You can see the amazing photographs displayed in the various exhibitions, listen to lectures or discussions on various subjects in the field of photography and in general - to meet other people who are engaged or interested in photography.

The museum is in the heart of Amsterdam and is considered the leader in its field. It was built in 1861, in an impressive building. Usually there is one central exhibition of a famous photographer (which changes once in a while) and around it are small exhibitions of photographs of all kinds: art, documentary, fashion, and more. With the large windows, the pictures are illuminated with a proper light to show them at their best.

Although many of the works presented here are of the best photographers in the world, the museum is proud to nurture and give stage for photographers at their beginning. The museum also publishes its own magazine and sells limited editions of especially beautiful images. The museum collaborates with MTV to present each year an annual performance of young talents.

#Tip

If you want to join a free tour, you can come on Thursdays at 6:30 pm.


A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t_xXkkgD3uE
The Amsterdam Dungeon
The Amsterdam Dungeon
#About Amsterdam's Dungeon

Most of us like experiences, especially those that raise the adrenalin. Amsterdam's dungeon is actually a route consisting of walking through a maze, riding a roller coaster, touring water canals and more.

During the course you will encounter a team of masked actors who will appear in front of you as various characters related to the history of the Netherlands. The purpose of the place and its staff is to make you feel the darkness and the cultural darkness, the fear and the fears that the local inhabitants lived during the Middle Ages. You can go back 500 years, to the days of the Christian Inquisition and torture in basements, a time of pirates and witchcraft tricks and intrigues. Dark history comes to life in eleven live performances and in a breathtaking experience.

The tour is 80 minutes long and is a fascinating, if somewhat frightening, a way to learn about the history of Amsterdam. The visual, vocal and interactive effects will create for you one of the most extreme but interesting experiences in Amsterdam.
EYE Filmmuseum
EYE Film Institute
#About the Institute

The EYE Film Museum (EYE Filmmuseum) is the ideal place for all film lovers. This amazing architectural pearl, located on the banks of the River IJ, is one of the most fascinating attractions in Amsterdam. The way to reach it is by ferry and there is no doubt that it is a must see part of the experience.

The EYE Museum was established in 2009 and is the result of a union of three different cinema institutions in Amsterdam. It reopened at its present location in April 2012. Among the exhibits and displays you will see students who are going around and learning about the history of cinema and taking part in educational activities offered here.

The museum has a collection of more than 37,000 films, over 700,000 pictures from the world of cinema, more than 60,000 posters of films, soundtracks and more. The museum also has a permanent exhibition devoted to the history of the cinema and a room with a screen where you can watch scenes from different movies. The complex also has four halls where classic films and various art exhibits are screened.
Rijksmuseum
Amsterdam National Museum
#About the Museum

The Amsterdam National Museum (Rijksmuseum) was established in 1800, in order to display modern art (modern at the time). It is also known by the name "The National Museum of Art" and is one of the most important museums in the world. The museum is located in the museum square, and nearby are other museums that are worth the visit. It is easy to spot this museum thanks to its impressive building, that looks just like a palace. This is the reason it is nicknamed the royal museum.

The truth is that the beautiful building only hosted the museum from 1885. The building was designed by Dutch architect Pierre Cuypers who designed the building in a mix between the Gothic and Renaissance style.

Among 4,500 pieces of art that you can see here are paintings, sketches, statues, prints, photos, and more. There are many works of art from the 17th century, and pieces from Amsterdam's golden age.

In the five wings at the museum you will find the Philips division (also named after the electronics giant who donated the money for its construction), this wing includes, among others, Rembrandt's "Night Watch." In addition, among the rooms in the museum you will be exposed to a huge selection of exhibits that will provide a nostalgic and fascinating experience in time, from the Middle Ages, the Renaissance and beyond. Through the presentation of the items, arranged according to the periods, we can learn about the common characteristics of the art and the subjects that occupied the artists.

Especially interesting exhibits are art objects from Asia, dolls' houses, porcelain objects and more. The museum is very popular and has many visitors throughout the day.



#Renovation of the Museum

In 2013 the museum was renovated in a large and significant way. Although the original structure of Pierre Cuypers was added wings and courtyards, the result has not yet been sufficient, as the museum's vast collection have only grown throughout the years. In 2003 it was closed for extensive renovations.

It was opened 10 years later, in 2013. The renovations lasted five years longer than planned (originally designed for 5 years of renovation) and their total cost amounted to about $500 million. Despite the enormous deviation from the budget and the timelime, something particularly nostalgic about it in the 19th century returned to the museum, combined with elements that characterized the 21st century.

The architects, Cruz and Ortiz, won the competition and undertook the renovation of the museum. They began a precise reconstruction of the galleries and decorations that characterized the building in the past. They believed in simplicity and made sure to stick to tradition and nostalgia. Among other things, he added a display space, shops, restaurants, educational facilities and a renovated library.

The museum's public interior, with a size of more than 2,200 square meters, contains glass roofs and Portuguese stone floors, which can be accessed free of charge and featuring performances and artistic installations.



#Rembrandt's "Night Watch" Painting (Courtesy of Eureka Encyclopedia)

One of the most prominent paintings at the Amsterdam National Museum is Rembrandt's painting, "Night Watch," or "night shift," as its name is sometimes written, a masterpiece of the Dutch painter Rembrandt. This painting is considered the artist's most famous painting and probably the most important work of art of the Netherlands.

The painting was completed in 1642 and depicts the civil force of Captain Koch (dressed in black and red) and his deputy Willem van Roitenbork, together with the soldiers of their platoon.

The name "Night Watch" is given to it even though it is not a nightly picture, because it is coated with dark varnish that gives the viewer the feeling that it is nighttime.

History of art knows that the fact that not all members of the Guard's faces were painted, some faces are clear while others are hidden, caused the painting to be rejected by the ones who comissioned it, and it was hung in the city hall of Amsterdam. It was also cut at the edge, in order to hang it on a wall too small. The full painting today remains only in a smaller copy of the original painting.



A Closer Look at the Rijksmuseum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AOqdCNjq-x0


Van Gogh Museum
Van Gogh Museum
#About the Museum

All of us and especially art lovers among us know Vincent Van Gogh, one of the greatest painters of all time. The Dutch artist, who in his lifetime did not succeed, was successful only after he ended his life in 1890. In his life Van Gogh sold only one painting, but today he is considered one of the greatest painters in history, if not the greatest. When you visit a museum dedicated to him in Amsterdam, you will be exposed to the largest collection in the world collected for him.

The museum was founded in 1973 in a building designed by the architect Gerrit Rietveld. The museum has more than 200 paintings and 500 drawings. You can learn about Van Gogh's artistic development through the chronological displays of the works and learn about the development of his painting style throughout the seven periods he created, from the "optimistic" to the darkest. You will also be exposed in the museum to the works of other artists who created in the 19th century and learn about the turbulent period in general.

Pay particular attention to the famous paintings of Van Gogh, "Potato Eaters," "Yellow House in Arles" and one of the three "Sunflower" paintings.

In addition to the permanent exhibition, the museum also has temporary exhibitions on various subjects. Children can also find interest in workshops, voice tours, and treasure hunt games to keep them alert and active.



#What is Van Gogh's Story?

Vincent Van Gogh is now known as one of the greatest painters of all time, but in his life he suffered from poverty and many difficulties in his soul and his relationship with others. As a painter he is known for his bold and expressive use of colors and is now considered one of the creators of Expressionism.

In his youth, he changed drawing styles more than once and was very influenced by the Japanese painting. He created his large paintings, full of light and light colors, in the last years of his life. These years he painted in the south of France. At the same time, Van Gogh began to lose his sanity and did strange things that indicated a difficult mental distress. The most famous of them was the chopping off his ear, rumored to give it to a woman he loved, but in reality probably after a quarrel with his friend, the painter Paul Gauguin.

Vincent Van Gogh sold only one painting, called "The Red Kerem." His lack of pocket led him to draw on tablecloths and towels he took from the mental institution where he was hospitalized. Today his paintings are worth millions of dollars each.

The realization of his genius came only a few years after his death. His paintings were then exhibited in Paris and were widely appreciated. Since then they have become the most important in the history of art and are now sold at record prices!



#About the Theft from the Museum

In 2002 two important works were stolen from the museum. The paintings are "A View Above the Sea in Scheveningen" and "People Emerging from the Church in Nuenen." These are two works lent to the museum by the Dutch government. Using a ladder and hammers, the thieves entered the museum through the roof, took the two paintings from the exhibition hall and fled for their lives. The value of the works was 77 million euros and they were not insured when they were stolen. The FBI defined the theft as one of the world's top ten art crimes.

In 2016, the stolen creations were handed over to the authorities by a criminal organization after an ongoing investigation. Using DNA samples collected at the museum, two suspects were arrested: "the monkey," the art thief Octav Durham and his partner Henk Bayslin, both of whom were sentenced to four years in prison.



A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MuX8WwU5nTU
Madame Tussauds
#About Amsterdam's Wax Museum

Anyone who dreamed of being photographed with the idol of their youth, admired singers, or the inspiring athletes could do so at the Dutch museum of Madame Tussauds, the younger brother of the London's Madame Tussauds.

The museum is located in Dam Square and offers to introduce familiar characters, such as leaders, singers, athletes, intellectuals, cultural leaders and politicians. The museum is full of colors and characters and provides an entertaining journey in the present and the past.

For children, the museum offers to build their own wax sculptures and try to sculpture with this unique material.



#History of the Madame Tussauds Museum

The Madame Tussauds wax museum is the only museum where you can meet and take pictures with famous people in today's world and history. Here are waxed personalities from culture, history, art and science, along with statesmen and celebrities from all over the world.

It all started with a French wax sculptor named Marie Tussauds, who founded what will be the first Madame Tussauds Museum. It was an exhibition of wax sculptures, the first of the Tussauds, but all the statues presented were the statues of Doctor Philip Curtius and they did not include celebrities. The exhibition was held in Paris in 1770. Pretty soon Tussauds won success and after 6 years the exhibit was transferred to the Royal Palais.

But Tussauds wanted more. She studied the art of wax sculpture from Curtius, her mother was his housekeeper. After he taught her the art of wax sculpture, she created her first sculpture, the statue of Walter. It was in 1777 and the statue aroused so much enthusiasm that French celebrities asked Tussauds to create wax figures of them as well. Pretty soon she also sculpted famous celebrities such as Benjamin Franklin and Jean-Jacques Rousseau.

In 1792, Tussauds , who inherited the collection of Curtius' sculptures after his death, moved to London, the capital of England, and the Tussauds Wax Museum was born in England. The museum has gained a reputation as a unique museum and the wax sculptures have gained world renown.

The huge success of Madame Tussauds Wax Museum in London led to the opening of Madame Tussauds Wax Museums all over the world. There are also many wax museums in many capital cities and cities around the world, including Vienna, Amsterdam, New York, Berlin, Bangkok and more.



Madame Tussauds Figures Up Close:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EW_m8IBL5h8



A Closer View:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ogfYZrAypVo


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.