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Palatine Hill
Palatine Hill
#About Rome's Ancient Hill

Palatine Hill is the most ancient hill of the seven hills of Rome. Its height reaches 70 meters and it is located between the Circus Maximus and the Roman Forum. If you were looking for a spectacular view of all of Rome – you have arrived at the correct place.

Legend has it that the roots of the city of Rome are located on this hill. Indeed, the earliest buildings of Rome were built right here - the first citadel of the city, the "Institute," the most symbolic building called Mundus, and the square around it.

The Emperors came here to build their own palaces, the ruins of which are scattered on this hill. In the year 1000, monasteries were established in this place. Today, couples arrive to be photographed on their wedding day.

Notice the interesting shape of the hill, which resembles an incomplete square. This was also the reason the hill was called "Square Rome."

Today there is a museum open to the public on the hill.



#The Legend of the Founding of Rome

The twin brothers Remus and Romulus were tiny babies when a she-wolf suckled them and took them under her wing. After a while, their foster father, Faustulus, found and raised them together with his wife. As they grew older, the two decided to establish Rome. They resolved the bitter competition between them over control of the region in a painful way: One day, Romulus killed Remus in cold blood. Rome got its name from the first syllable of Romulus' name.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pbU07sv6fCo
Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi
Fiumi Fountain
#The Four River Fountain

The Fountain of Four Rivers, Fiumi Fountain (Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi), located at the center of Rome, was designed by one of the most important Baroque sculptors - Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini. This fountain was built as part of the design of the square where it is placed - Piazza Navona.

The fountain is made of unprocessed stone and incorporates several materials: marble, stone and water. In the center of the fountain stands a powerful obelisk, symbolizing the church's victory over paganism The fountain's pool has spectacular dolphin statues.

The four largest rivers in the world - the Nile (in Africa), the Danube (in Europe), the Ganges (in Asia) and Rio de la Plata (America) are part of the design of the fountain. Each of the gods in the fountain is shaped in an authentic style of the inhabitants from its continent. They sit on a rock from which one of the rivers flows. Each river represents a continent which the pope wishes to rule.

The message of the fountain of the four rivers is clear - Rome is the source from which all the rivers flow.
Capitoline Hill
Capitoline Hill
#About the Hill Overlooking Rome

In the past, Rome was situated atop only one hill, called Palatino Hill. However over the years the territory of the city sprawled out over six other hills in the area. One of the most well-known ones is in the heart of ancient Rome - Capitoline Hill, which is considered to be the highest of the hills of Rome, along with its neighbor Palatine Hill.

It is impossible to overlook the stunning view from this hill. It is located between the Forum and the Field of Mars, two important points in ancient Rome.

At the top of the hill are two interesting and important religious and political centers:

The first is the most important temple of ancient Rome, dedicated to the Capitolians. In this temple they worshiped the family of Gods composed of Jupiter (King of the Gods), Juno (queen of the gods and patron of Rome) and Minerva (their daughter, goddess of wisdom and spirit) - all three were called the Capricorn Trinity. The temple was large and very impressive.

The second is Asylum, a refuge area used in ancient times by criminals who fled the law. Among them, by the way, were also the murderers of Julius Caesar.

Today you can see the remains of the temple and its reconstruction on the hill.



#The View from the Hill

The buildings surrounding the hill were designed by one of the most famous Renaissance artists - Michelangelo. He built a lot of buildings on Capitoline Hill, which became very significant over the years. Among them were the palaces of Campidoglio, facing the Old City, the Capitol Square with its wide and spectacular stairways and the Vatican compound, the World Center of Catholic Christianity. Dating back to the Renaissance Era the hill had the Capitoline Museum, the National Museum holding classical works of art, archeology and science.

Another interesting place on the hill is the Capitoline Jupiter Temple, the most important and impressive temple of ancient Rome. A lot of stories have been told about this place, stories of murders, betrayals, wars, politics and inheritance.
The Roman Forum
Roman Forum
#The Roman Forum

This place is the heart of an amazing archaeological site - the Roman Forum (Foro Romano). The Forum is a central public area in Roman cities, designed in the shape of a square, or several connected squares. Almost every Roman city was built with its own forum, but the meaning of the "big forum" refers to this very place.

During the Roman Empire, the Forum was a central area in which most of the city's life took place. This was the center of the political, economic, social and religious life in the empire. There was a crowded market square with courts, temples, gates and pillars of victory, the House of Representatives, and more.

Many public issues on the Roman agenda were dealt with here. Victory parades marched through this square, eulogies and speeches by leaders and clerics, other social and political events that took place here.

The Forum is located between Capitoline Hill, the seat of the Roman emperors and nobility, and Palatino Hill, the home of the wealthy and Roman rulers.



#The History of the Forum

Dating back to the Stone Age, the Roman Forum, nourished by the waters of the Tiber, was inhabited by human beings. This was despite the fact that it was outside the parameters of the inhabited areas.

During the Iron Age, when man's technological ability to produce iron tools was made, there were cemeteries of the local inhabitants where the city now stands.

During the Roman Empire, when the area was drained of swamps and contamination was cleared, the area became the center of the city's commerce and creative minds. The city was open to people from all over the empire.

However just like a tide rises, so does it fall; With the establishment of the religious and governmental center in the Palatine Center, the status of this Forum began to decline. The need for temples, the strengthening of Christianity and a general abandonment of the Roman lifestyle led to severe neglect of this physical place. The area and the buildings collapsed and were covered the sand, left to the decay over time. During this time the Forum had an unflattering name: "The Field of Meat" – due to animal carcasses disposed of there.

Excavations and reconstructions began in the 19th century, whose outcomes you see today. The most significant momentum took place during the reign of fascist dictator Mussolini in the 20th century.



#Interesting Sites in the Area

There are some interesting sites scattered throughout the Forum that are not to be missed:

All the buildings that were found throughout the Forum were a symbol of the victory of the Roman Empire from the various battles: they praised the conquering ruler and the fighters who won the battle and were meant to serve as a token of gratitude to the gods, who helped and supported the empire during times of war.

The selection of ancient buildings here includes:

Arch of Titus - erected after the death of Emperor Titus to mark the victory of the Romans over the Jews and the downfall of Jerusalem.

The home of Emperor Augustus - the residence of the emperor, whose restoration and reconstruction lasted no less than 40 years.

Temple of Julius Caesar

Curia (the restored Senate House)

Vesta Temple and the Vicariate

The Basilica of Constantine and Maxentius

Septimus Severus' Bow

Tro Jan's Market

The Colosseum



#Tips

If you arrive at the Roman Forum in the after 6:00 pm, there will be far fewer tourists in the area.

Ancient Rome Tour

Piazza Venezia
Venice Square
#The Square Where Mussolini Made his Speeches

Venice Square (Piazza Venezia) is located at the foot of Capitoline Hill, near the Roman Forum. To this day, it is considered the main square of modern Rome.

Once, the "Field of Mars," was located here. This was the place for military training of the Roman army. The palace was built in the 15th century and was the first great Renaissance building of Rome.

During the reign of Mussolini, who lived in the palace of Venice, it served as a meeting place, a place for gathering the people and giving passionate speeches. The speeches delivered by dictator Mussolini in the square were then transmitted all over Italy by radio and loud speakers in other squares. This was also a departure point for parades such as the Blackshirts, the military wing of the Fascist Party.

The office used by Mussolini is closed to tourists today, except for occasional tours. Its name originated from the palace beside it - Venice Palace.

Although the square is located at the center of major transportation routes, private transportation is limited and there are no traffic lights. That's why during the rush hours, you can see a policeman on a stand at the center of the square, directing the traffic just like the road. His movements are theatrical but amusing, making order in the midst of the commotion. You are invited to photograph it.

Today there is also the Palazzo Venezia, a museum in the square with medieval works of art.
Chiesa di Sant'Ignazio di Loyola
Church of St. Ignatius of Loyola
#The Church with the 3D Illusion

We would not invite you to join us for another church tour, if it were not for the Church of St. Ignatius of Loyola (Chiesa di Sant'Ignazio di Loyola), a vastly different church than any other in Rome. Beyond the traditional lines and crowds, especially during the tourist season in Rome, this church is a truly charming spot.

It is a beautiful baroque church. Built in the 17th century, it is especially famous for its beautiful frescoes painted on its walls.

Pay particular attention to the painting on the ceiling which plays a trick on the mind and creates an optical illusion that the shape of the Church roof is a dome, whereas in fact it is a flat roof that the artist managed to create an illusion of depth. This also proves that optical illusions are nothing new.

The Church of St Ignatius is not far from the Pantheon and the Trevi Fountain. Come and visit here!



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/BxPEp7r9MWs
Pantheon
Pantheon
#About the Temple of the Roman Gods

The Pantheon is one of the symbols of the Roman Empire, so popular, in fact, that it is always immediately associated with Rome. Pantheon means "all gods," since it was dedicated to the 12 Olympian gods.

The 16 Corinthian pillars were brought directly from Egypt and weigh no less than 60 tons each. They stand at the height of 12 meters and have a 1.5 meter diameter. These columns support the triangular roof of the structure, where an inscription explains how this building was built by Marcus Agrippa.

You will also see the graves of some Italian kings and that of the artist Raffaello Sanzio.

If you want to enhance the experience, come to Pantheon when it is raining. It is special to see the water entering through the holes in the ceiling before trickling down to the center of the building. In case you were wondering what happens to the water here, the floor is slanted in such a way that the water gathers quickly in the drainage holes. Another interesting point is that on April 21, when the sun rays hit the metal plate above the door, the entrance to the temple is quite a spectacular sight.

Opposite the Pantheon stands the impressive Pantheon fountain, built by the architect Giacomo della Forte in 1575 and carved by Leonardo Sormani. Later on, pharaoh's obelisk from Egypt, dolphin carvings and a new base were added.



#The Ceiling of the Pantheon

One of the most interesting things about the Pantheon is its amazing ceiling, which is constructed as a dome on the roof of the building. Its diameter is 43 meters and at its center you will see a skylight called Okulos. Through this opening, light showers down into the building creating a beautiful atmosphere. This is the only light source in the structure and its diameter is 8 meters.

This dome of the ceiling is the largest in the world without support. Do not take it for granted, as it was a rather challenging architectural feat. Due to the massive weight of the dome, and in order to avoid its collapsing, the Roman engineers tried to make it weight as little as possible as they designed the ceiling to be higher. This was also the reason that the upper parts of the dome are made of lighter materials and have more internal spaces. Due to this interesting construction, the dome looks flatter from the outside than it really is.



#The Pantheon's History

The Pantheon was built in the year 27 AD following an order by Marcus Agrippa, commander of the Roman army and consul during the reign of Augustus. Following a fire that took place 60 years later, the building was completely burned down. It was rebuilt in 125 AD by Emperor Hadrian. The Pantheon was a temple, and in 609 it was converted to a church called Santa Maria Rotonda, though this was subsequently destroyed during the Middle Ages. It was the first time in history that a temple of idolatry became a Christian place of worship.



#What is the Pantheon? (Courtesy of Eureka.com)

The Pantheon in Rome is the most preserved building in the world, left over from the Roman period. It is the most ancient building in the world, still covered by its original ceiling and roof. This is one of the most impressive places in the city of Rome, a city with many fascinating archaeological sites.

Architecturally speaking, the Pantheon is a significant achievement in the ancient world, since the dome is made of concrete, from soil from Pozzolana. It is the largest domed structure in the ancient world and is so strong that it has survived to this day.

The word "Pantheon" means "rule of the gods" in Greek. In various ancient mythologies, such as Sumerian and Greek, this word described a temple. And indeed, the ancient Roman structure that remains intact to this day was originally used as a temple for all the gods - Pantheon.

However the Romans later changed its use to the court of the emperor, a law court, and after Christianity took over, it became a Christian church called Santa Maria Rotunda. It must be admitted that this is an interesting use of a structure originally intended for idol worship and contained a number of altars dedicated to the many gods of the ancient world.

The date of the inauguration of the Pantheon as a gift to the Pope, by Emperor Phocas, is celebrated to this day by the Christian world as "Halloween Night." Among those buried in the floor of the Pantheon is the painter Raphael and the kings of Italy.



#Tips

There are guided tours of the Pantheon free of charge. There is no need to book a spot in advance.

The Pantheon is one of the most popular sites in Rome. Still, it is not very crowded here. If you want to see it in a pleasant way, it is best to arrive after 4:00 pm.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8rx6-sjKBTg
Piazza Navona
Piazza Navona
#Rome's Special Square

Welcome to the most beautiful square in Rome! It is impressive and exciting and is located at the heart of the tourist area of ​​the Italian capital. The square was built by the architect Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini for the family of Pope Innocent X during the Renaissance. This square is considered to be one of the most well-known Baroque architectures in Rome. You will see lots of decorations and wealth that characterize baroque construction.

Originally, the square was supposed to be used for the city's athletic competitions. This is the reason for its elliptical shape. It was built on the ruins of the stadium of Domitianus from the first century. During ancient times it was used for horse races and is the only remnant of the nostalgic race track of the Romans.

Around the square there are beautiful Baroque palaces from the 17th century, the most famous of which is the church of Sant'Agnese in Agone.

Please note that the square is inviting and beautiful, but the prices of shops and restaurants are certainly high. Try to walk a little farther from the square and see how the prices gradually decrease.

Entrance to the square with vehicles is not permitted, unless you are traveling on a licensed vehicle. However, public transport will help you reach it and also travel to many places in the area, such as the Colosseum, the Forum and more.



#What Can be Seen in Piazza Navona Square?

This piazza is bustling with tourists, mostly because of its many shops, restaurants, cafés and its fine ice cream parlors. It has spectacular fountains, such as the fountain of the four rivers of Bernini. In the southern corner of the square you can see the fountain of Moro, whi ch was also built by architect Bernini, a very influential architect. The Neptune Fountain, designed in the 16th century, is located on the northern side of the square.

Take special notice of the tall obelisk, which came from Egypt at the command of one of the Popes, to symbolize the triumph of Christianity over the Muslim world. The symbol of the pigeon you see, was commissioned by the Pamphili family from Bernini.

On weekends and in the evening you can see many artists and painters in Piazza Navona. The early morning is the ideal time to enjoy the piazza, as it is less crowded than during the day.


Sant Eustachio
Sant Eustachio
#The Best Coffee in Rome

This café, Sant Eustachio, is said to be the best coffee place in Rome. It may seem like a casual shop, but the coffee you will order here is said to be the best by the locals. If this isn’t convincing enough, just remember that Italy is also a coffee empire.



#Tips

The big line at the entrance indicates that this is a special spot. Here are some recommendations for beginners:

Order "coffee" which is actually an espresso. This is the only way to enjoy the entire aroma of the place. This is not the time for an Americano or cappuccino friends! - You have reached the temple of coffee. With the ability to order coffee comes the responsibility to order coffee ...

At Sant Eustachio Coffee they will automatically sweeten the coffee unless you say " Amarro," which indicates you want your coffee left bitter.
Arch of Titus
#About the Ancient Arch that Depicts the Exile of Israel and Plunder of the Temple

The remains of the Roman Forum still stands in Rome, where the arch of victory can be seen today. The Arch of Titus (Arco de Tito) was dedicated by Emperor Domitian to his brother Titus who died in 81 AD. The arch was erected to commemorate Titus' successes in the conquest of Jerusalem and the destruction of the Temple. Titus' great honor is expressed in ancient inscriptions on the arch, in imprinted writing and sculptures, which document the entry of the convoy of captives and conductors at the arch of Rome. The inscriptions were designed under Greek influence, as did many of the Roman buildings.

The arch has been here for nearly 2,000 years, carefully rehabilitated and maintained since 1936. This occurred during the time of the Italian Fascists, under the dictator Mussolini. They tried to relive and revive the glory of the Roman Empire

It is hard to miss the inscription of time that can be seen in the crumbling limestone, the material of the arch.

Notice the crown of the arch. It contains a carving depicting the treasures from the looting of the Temple, including the seven-branched Menorah that was in the Temple and which, with the establishment of the State, became the official symbol of the State of Israel.

This impressive arch is one of Rome's most famous symbols today, notable for its beauty and spectacular design. Simultaneously, it’s hard to ignore that it depicts the downfall of the Jewish nation and the exile they suffered for nearly 2,000 years.



#What is Depicted on the Arch of Titus?

The Arch of Titus is a gateway built by Emperor Domitian, dedicated to his brother Titus in honor of his victory over the Jews and the suppression of the Great Revolt in the Land of Israel in 70 AD. When Titus destroyed the Temple in Jerusalem, he exiled tens of thousands of Jews to Rome as captives and slaves.

The Arch of Titus, built as an arch of triumph and glorifying Titus' victory, presents, among other things, engravings which convey the story of the Roman victory. Among other things, it depicts the ravaging of Jerusalem after the destruction of the Second Temple and the conquest of Jerusalem by the Romans. If anyone has any doubt, the Latin inscription reads: "Details from the Arch of Titus describing the plunder and the loot from Jerusalem."

However, a very special fact about the Arch of Titus is that it constitutes the only clue as to the fate of the menorah of the Jewish Temple. The pictures on the stone are of Jewish prisoners, led to Rome, carrying the Menorah of the Temple, the Golden Altar and even musical instruments - all from the Temple in Jerusalem.

For centuries, the Jews of Rome did not pass under this gate, a remnant of the shame of exile and the Jewish destruction. Only in the first half of the 20th century, in Italy's Fascist era, did Italian dictator Mussolini order it to be done. As someone who saw Titus' victory gate as part of the greatness of the Italian people and the glory of the Roman Empire that preceded him, he wanted the gate to glorify Fascist Rome and have the glory of the past project onto it.



#How the Design of the Menorah from the Arch of Titus Became an Inspiration to the Jews

With the establishment of the State of Israel, the Chief Rabbi of Israel of that time decided to adopt the Menorah from the Arch of Titus as the symbol for the State, a national symbol for all of Israel. Over the years there has been much criticism over this decision. Many scholars argued that although the Menorah in the painting has seven branches, and its base is reminiscent of ascending stairs, which, according to Jewish belief were used by the high priest to light the candles. However, they maintain that the Menorah in the Roman Arch contains problematic details that cannot possibly be identified as the Jewish Menorah. For example, the octagonal base of the Menorah that was probably designed by a Roman or Greek artist. In short, the design does not uphold the style of the Menorah that is described in Jewish law. Another source of criticism on the authenticity of the Menorah in the Arch is the decoration of the animals which appear on it. It is impossible, researchers say, that animals such as lions, dragons, and sea animals, which are illuminated by the menorah, are of Jewish origin. According to Jewish law, such paintings are idol worshipping, and their placement on the Temple Menorah is unfathomable.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/vMZHIyIy_aY
La Rosseta
#About the Excellent Seafood in Rome

Beyond its amazing location, as it actually overlooks the Colosseum, the La Rosetta is first of all the best fish and seafood restaurant in Rome. If you eat such delicacies, this is an excellent place for dinner, which is also a feast for the eyes, in the evening, when the Colosseum Square is empty of the crowds.

At La Rosetta you will find almost every delicacy you know from the Mediterranean Sea. They prepare them expertly and also know how to serve them perfectly. Bon Appétit!
Basilica of San Pietro in Vincoli
#The Basilica with the Statue of Moses

On the Esquiline Hill in Rome, not far from the Colosseum, in an area of ​​quiet alleys and antiques, lies the Basilica of San Pietro in Vincoli.

No one would have been interested in this insignificant basilica had it not been for the fact that one of the most famous sculptures in history, one that became an iconic symbol of Renaissance art is here. This is the sculpture "Moses" by Michelangelo.

It is evident from the long line of visitors that the basilica is of great importance. It was built at the beginning of the 5th century and Pope Sixtus III (440-432) declared it a temple for the preservation of the chain, which was used to subdue the apostle Peter in Jerusalem when he was arrested by the Romans.

Another chain was added over time, and it was alleged that it was the same one that bound Peter in Rome. Christian legend holds that these two chains miraculously connected to one in the 13th century. Today the chain is displayed under the main altar in the basilica.



#About the Statue of Moses in the Basilica of San Pietro in Vincoli

This basilica is home to one of the most famous artworks in the world. This is the statue "Moses" by Michelangelo. The sculpture depicts the image of Moses as seen by the artist. Michelangelo sculpted it at the beginning of the 16th century, during the Renaissance, shortly after he sculpted the magnificent "David." This impressive statue is made of marble and is 2.35 meters high.

Originally, the statue "Moses" was meant to be one of many items, in a magnificent tombstone commissioned by Pope Julius II, intended for his own tombstone. However, after the death of the Pope, a simpler tombstone was prepared and "Moses" became a statue in its own right which became the most important statue of all.

One of the interesting details in the statue are the horns that emerge from Moses's head. It is not entirely clear what the reason for these horns are. It is believed that the verse is derived from the book of Exodus in the Bible, which describes Moses in the words "And so it was, when Moses descended from Mount Sinai ... the skin of his face shone like a ray of light (ray also means horn in Hebrew)” (Exodus 34:29).

It seems that the artist confused the word ray of light for a ray (horn) from Moses’ head. Moses’ face shone like a ray of light, but ray also means “horn” in Hebrew and therefore the artist interpreted it as an organ of the body rather than as the ray of light. It isn’t conclusive that Michelangelo took this translation at face value; he was an educated individual and knowledgeable in languages. It’s hard to believe that he took this translation into account, however it seems the only reasonable explanation. It should be noted that the horns on Moses' head are a motif which appeared in several Renaissance sculptures and paintings.



Here's a Video of the Famous Statue:

http://youtu.be/ctU5BiMMXiI
Colosseum
#The Largest Amphitheater in the World

This huge amphitheater was built nearly two centuries ago by three Roman emperors. It included an arena providing amusement to the people, or in other words, the gladiators’ arena. There were performances financed by private individuals, mainly in order to demonstrate their wealth and amuse the people.

Take a good look at the exterior wall of this amazing amphitheater. It is part of the same grand structure that has existed here since the time of the Roman Empire.

This complex was chosen as one of the Seven Wonders of the World.



#The Colosseum's Functions

The primary purpose of the Colosseum was to serve as a place for gladiator battles. These were the “reality shows” of that time - they were intended to create sympathy among the viewers towards the ruler and provide them entertainment during their leisurely hours. Prisoners who were sentenced to death and crucified or burnt at the stake could be seen here. Sometimes there was a story plot added for the benefit of the masses- which made the act of execution part of a journey of the protagonist - whose tragic end was known in advance. The hero would count the seconds back when a wild beast of prey would chase him in the ring and devour him in front of everyone. The gladiators who were forced to participate in these battles were slaves or prisoners of war.

Another particularly popular show were the hunting games. This was where exotic animals from all over the empire tried to survive the hunters who would hunt them for entertainment. In case there was any concern for the viewers in the front row, it was stationed two meters above the arena to ensure their safety. Thousands of gladiators and more than a million animals have been killed here.

The first hundred days of inauguration were filled with such entertainment.

In the year 404 AD the last gladiator battle took place, since the Romans no longer viewed these acts of murder as amusement. In the fifth and sixth centuries, at the time of the fall of the Roman Empire, the inhabitants of Rome didn’t remember the original purpose of this m onumental structure. Some thought it was an imperial palace and some thought it was a temple to the sun god.



#The Architecture of the Colosseum

The Colosseum is built in an elliptical shape, with a length of 189 meters, a width of 156 meters and a height of almost 50 meters.

It is said that the Colosseum was the first structure built with concrete, a new invention in those days. Of course it was not really the first, but perhaps the first of those which survived the test of time and still stands today.

It is no small feat for an anonymous architect who planned the building to enable a crowd of 50,000 people to enter and leave the compound without long queues. He found an excellent practical solution - to the Colosseum, 80 entrances were built that led to a special systems of corridors that surrounded the amphitheater. Each floor had openings that led directly to the chairs and the stands.

One can’t overlook the quality of construction and planning during the Roman Empire, since this enormous structure still stands here after 2,000 years of earthquakes and man-made damage.




#The History of the Colosseum

This huge amphitheater was built almost 2,000 years ago in the city of Rome. It was built by three Roman emperors of the Flavian dynasty. Its original name was "The Flavian Amphitheater," named after the same line of emperors, though the name was later changed in the Middle Ages.

In 72 AD the construction of the amphitheater began. Emperor Vespasian, the initiator of the idea, didn’t live to see the building finished as he died before its completion. His son Titus completed the mission. It is surprising that although the construction of the Colosseum took less than ten years, Titus was unable to complete it and the person who inaugurated the amphitheater in 80 AD was Titus' brother, Emperor Domitian.

It was built on top of remains from Nero’s palace, a brutal and loathsome ruler in Rome. From the moment the ruler came to power in 54 AD, many nobles and merchants quarreled with him because he was constantly trying to take over new lands and build more palaces for himself. When a huge fire broke out in Rome in 64 AD, which destroyed entire parts of the city, quite a few thought that the ruler was responsible for the terrible arson. Not only that, they claimed that he had relished the moment by playing the violin on the roof of his palace while the fire was spreading all over Rome.

Although it is possible that Nero wasn’t directly responsible for the Great Fire, he made no efforts to mitigate the damage. However it aided him it gaining control of the city where he built his magnificent palace - the Golden Palace. In case you were curious as to his fate, citizens of the city revolted against him four years later and he was forced to flee for his life.

The emperor who replaced Nero was Vespasian. He wanted to strengthen the people's trust in the government and decided to return expansive lands to the citizens. On the ruins of the palace he established what would be the largest amphitheater in the world, the Colosseum.

Right beside the nostalgic palace, stands an impressive statue of Nero, whose name was Colossus. This is where the building gets its name - the Colosseum.



#The Colosseum Crowd

Upon entering the compound, the viewer would receive a special entrance ticket: a piece of pottery with the number of the gallery and the row in which he was to sit. The places were reserved in advance and reflected the hierarchical structure of Roman society.

The lowest seats around the arena were reserved for distinguished people of high status - senators, dignitaries, the emperor and his entourage. Above them sat the rich soldiers and merchants. As the rows rose, the status of the population diminished- all the way to ordinary citizens. There were spots in the Colosseum where it was impossible to sit and there was only standing room. This is where the women and the slaves stood, who were the two lowest classes of Roman society. The gravediggers and theater actors weren’t allowed in at all. This reflects the status and classes in society, which played a central role in Ancient Rome.



Here is the Colosseum During a Walking Tour:

https://youtu.be/hxpBPStoIZ8



A View from Above

https://youtu.be/B4GvcCWzZZg
Giolitti
#About the Pope's Ice Cream Parlor

Rome is flooded with great ice cream parlors, flavors and brands, making it difficult to choose a favorite- which also has to do with opinion! However there is one well known ice cream parlor loved by locals and tourists alike - The Giolitti Ice cream parlor. Many say it as the best ice cream parlor in Rome.

The first branch of Giolitti's ice cream shop opened in 1900. It is rumored that some of the secret recipes of the ice cream shop are kept by the owner in a safe. Regardless, it's an authentic and well-known place.

The ice cream parlor is so old and popular that it is said that even Pope John Paul II used to ask for Giolitti's chestnut ice cream. Even today quite a few celebrities and important people visit the ice cream parlor, including Michelle Obama, the wife of the president Obama, who requested ice cream from this very place.

If you want to taste one of the classic ice creams that have been served here since the 192'0s, ask for this combination: chocolate ice cream, crispy zucchini pudding with whipped cream, hazelnuts and waffle rolls. All customers recommend the luxurious addition of whipped cream.



#About Rome's Ice Cream

In Italian, ice cream is called "gelato" and it has been here since ancient Rome, though the ice cream back then was slightly different. It was a kind of mixing of soft ice with noodles. Over the years the dish was improved, adding fine rich cream and varied hand-made ice creams are produced here.

The Romans attribute so much respect to this dish, that they offer "authorized" ice cream shops, places which only deal with the preparation and production of ice cream. Note that the price here is determined by the amount of ice cream and not by the number of balls ordered.


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.