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Nakagin Capsule Tower
Nakagin Capsule Tower
#About the Tower Built out of Small Capsules

The Nakagin Capsule Tower located in the city of Ginza, looks more like a bunch of washing machines placed on top of each other, than a residential apartment tower. This tower is built out of 140 condensed capsules, small housing units, designed for single residents, especially individual businessmen.

The tower was built in the beginning of the 70’s and was completed in 1972. It was planned by the Japanese architect Kisho Kurokawa, as an apartment and office building. Since the day it was launched it became an example of a groundbreaking building, which offered an alternative solution that seemed well suited for the most crowded metropolis in the world called Tokyo.

The tower, which is mostly made of mass-produced capsules or
cells, is one of the most important and famous buildings in Japan. The capsules were originally intended to be used as individual residential units, or as small offices. In each residential capsule is a shower and toilet, along with a bed, television and telephone. The idea was to allow cheap accommodation in the city, for people who live far away and want to stay in Tokyo for the night.

But vision is one thing and reality is another. Although it
is considered an icon of the Japanese avant-garde movement, this eccentric tower is destined to be destroyed. The reason is that the capsules, which were originally supposed to be replaced every 25 years, were not replaced at all and reached a state of severe neglect, which led the building to its predicament and turned it into a target for demolition

As predicted, the tower was designated for demolition after being purchased by a local investment fund, but instead, the owners of the land announced that they would build a new and prestigious tower.
By the time you get to Tokyo, it might have already happened, and you might not see this ‘washing machine like’ tower, but instead a different, modern one.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/mkJN1598zqA



Another Look:

https://youtu.be/FWRkId55bqM
Swatch Ginza
Swatch Ginza
#About Swatch's Building in Ginza

Swatch Ginza replaced a previous building in Ginza, whose height was only half of the new and current Swatch Ginza. The building was intended to be the home of the watch manufacturer, which has stirred the world of design in recent decades with the economical and young colored watches that broke the connection between design and luxury. Swatch allowed customers to buy several cheap watches that became an accessory, benefiting their outer looks, without dragging them into dept.

Giving a neutral background to Swatch's colorful watches, the building was painted in a pearly white color. In contrast to this consistent color, the firewall on the left side was designed as a green wall, made of climbing plants and vines that sprawled over it.

Shigeru Ban, who won the design competition for the Swatch Ginza Building, was given another task. He needed to find a way to showcase the company's seven brands and give every one of them the full focus. His solution was fascinating - Ban created an open ground floor, from which seven glass elevators rise. These elevators are, in fact, a way to window shop, showcasing another brand of the watch manufacturer. With that, when you go up to the desired floor, people are exposed to brands that the company is interested in promoting.

These oval elevators are very fast elevators. At 15 meters per second, the hydraulic elevators rise without an elevator shaft, and swiftly escalate visitors straight to the floor of the brand that they are heading up to see.


The Swatch offices in Tokyo, or Swatch Japan, are located on the top floor ofthe building. There is also a customer service center, which occupies another 3 floors. On the next floor, the company launches and unveils new products, alongside press conferences and cultural events sponsored by the company.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/JArvloWy3mM
De Beers Ginza Tower
De Beers Ginza Tower
#About the De Beers Diamond Mining Tower

The De Beers Ginza Tower located in the city of Ginza is a modern building built between 2005-2008 and designed by the Japanese architect Jun Mistui.

In the center of the building is the flagship store of the
Tokyo Diamond Corporation. Here, De Beers markets its diamonds from mines, mostly from South Africa and Botswana.

De Beers is a global diamond mining and trading corporation that controls most of the world’s diamond market. The corporation which is based in Johannesburg and London, deals with the process of activity in diamonds - from mining, through the sale of rough diamonds, to the production and marketing of the polished diamonds.

De Beers is also known for its establishment of the connection between diamonds and romance in its successful advertising campaign, in the late 1930's. This campaign instilled the message of "a diamond is forever" and set the tradition of giving a diamond as an engagement gift.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/xvI4ug_4lFI



The Well-Known De Beers Commercial:

https://youtu.be/8pU6WQXkiOU
Shizuoka Building
Shizuoka Building
#About the Shizouka Building

Shizuoka Building, located at the edge of Ginza, is an iconic office building builtin 1967. The building, 57 meters high, was designed by Kenzō Tange.

The offices of the various media stations are based in this building, controlled by the Shizuoka Corporation. In the center of the building (which stands on a small triangular piece of land) there is a beautiful spiral staircase.

The dark figure of the tower, covered with black aluminum, makes it one of the most famous towers in Ginza. Many travelers come to visit it from the nearby railway station, where trains from the west arrive in Tokyo.
The building was designed by Kenzō Tange, an architect from a Japanese group of architects, who created in the style of modern international design. He is associated with an architectural movement called "metabolism." This movement has since the 1960's created a style that combined permanent building forms, along with flexible spaces and functions.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/zQrz4IJ-BSc

Architecture in Tokyo

Sensoji Temple
Sensoji Temple
#About the Oldest Temple in Tokyo

Although it looks entirely new, the Sensoji Temple, or Senso-ji Temple, is the oldest temple in all of Tokyo. It was restored after its destruction in World War II, and the Japanese are proud of it and of its past, which symbolizes their resilience to the historical difficulties they have experienced.

Legend has it that two brothers built it, in 645. After returning the statue of the goddess of mercy to the river, Bosato Kannon, they found themselves fishing the statue out of the river over and over again. A landlord who heard about it told the brothers excitedly about Buddha and they became dedicated Buddhists. The three built the temple and erected the statue of the Goddess, the one that the brothers kept fishing out of the river.

By the way, the three temple builders are buried today in the temple of Asakusa, which is named after them, "Hall of the Three Gods."

The current building at Sansoji Temple, in the Asakusa Quarter, is a reconstruction of the ancient temple, established here in the 7th century CE, also known as Asakusa Kannon, which was destroyed in World War II. Today, after a renovation that brought it back to its glory days, the 1,400-year-old temple stands on its original hill.



#What is in the Temple

At the entrance to the temple you will see the gate of Kaminarimon, named for the local god of thunder. It is a large red gate, adorned with figures of the god of thunder.

In the courtyard of the compound look for the large incense vase, which stands outside. This vase has, according to belief, medicinal properties. Buddhist believe that the smell of incense is the air the gods breathed. Here you can see how using only hands, the Japanese lead the smell of incense towards their bodies. They aim at the diseased or painful area and hope for healing.

The main interest in the temple is the prediction of the future. For a small fee, you will be allowed pull a stick that looks like a long chopstick, with a prophecy that appears on it as a small painting. The painting on the stick can be compared to the painting on one of the wooden drawers in the temple. In the drawer there will be an explanation waiting for you, or a kind of prophecy about the fate that awaits you. A booklet with English translation can be obtained from the local monks in the compound. Those who have received a pink fate come out smiling and those who do not - tend to tie the prophecy to special threads that are waiting for this purpose nearby.

Next to the temple you will see Nakamise Street, where there are a variety of colorful stalls and shops where you can buy souvenirs and Japanese snacks.



#Tips

The entrance is free, both to Sensoji Temple and to the large market adjacent to it.

Opening hours - Monday to Sunday, from 9:00 am to 4:30 pm.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/fcZ6VF22tr8
Mikimoto
Mikimoto
#About the Tower with the Special Bubble Windows

The building in front of you, the Mikimoto Building, is a tower designed by the Japanese architect Toyo Ito. It was built in 2005 and is full of aesthetics and beauty, dotted with windows.

The 56 meter high 9-story tower is narrow and stands on a small plot of land. Inside the tower you will find a large pearl jewelry display. This is because it is the flagship store of the Mikimoto Jewelry Company, which belongs to the building and is named after it. The company’s offices are also here, but on the upper floors.

The construction method here was very interesting. The building has 4 thin steel walls. The interior is hollow and has no support columns, thanks to a unique construction method that succeeds in stabilizing with greatly sophisticated thin walls, also allowing arrangement of the windows, in a
non-contiguous order and in any form and way of design.

The random openings in the building resemble drops, or air bubbles. The architect managed to design and stabilize a structure of lightness and strength, that together resulted in a beautiful and stable job. It is important in Tokyo, which has known severe earthquakes.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/VAgyS1pRVoo
Tokyo Tower
Tokyo Tower
#About the Tower Inspired by the Eiffel Tower

Did you know that the Eiffel Tower can be seen not only in Paris? In the heart of Tokyo, you can see the Tokyo Tower, a communication and an iron observation tower, inspired by the famous Parisian tower and considered the second highest tower in the city.

The Tokyo Tower is considered the tallest iron tower in the world, a local icon and a clear marker of modern Tokyo. It is 333 meters high, 13 meters higher than the Eiffel Tower, which means that this tower is hard to miss, even from a distance.

The Eiffel Tower is dark colored, while the Tokyo Tower is painted in combination with intense orange color, along with subtle shades of white. This tower attracts masses of visitors who come see the capital of Japan from the two observations, at different heights of 150 meters and 250 meters, which gives a great view of the city.

In addition to having a spectacular view of the city, the Tokyo Tower also offers a hologram and mystery museum, a huge aquarium with tens of thousands of small fish and a wax museum. At its base you can enjoy the 4-story "FootTower" mall with shops, galleries, restaurants and buffets.



#The History of the Tokyo Tower

The Tokyo Tower, which until 2010 was considered the tallest tower in Japan, was built in the 1950's. It was in the era of post-World War II recovery, when Japan began to restore its status and started to become an economic superpower.

It was built for the NHK public broadcasting, which began broadcasting in 1953 and needed a regional broadcast tower. So it was decided to be the tallest tower in the world, above the Empire State Building, which was the tallest tower of the time. A lack of building materials and funding led to the anticlimax, and finally the height of the tower was determined according to the needs of the television and broadcasting company in the Kanto region, with a radius of only 150 kilometers.

The tower, opened in 1958, was designed by Japanese architect Tasho Naito, a famous architect who specialized in tower design. Naito, who sought inspiration in the Western world, chose the Eiffel Tower in Paris as inspiration for this radio tower.

The tower is capable of surviving earthquakes, twice as powerful as the Great Earthquake of 1923, and typhoons with winds up to 220 kilometers per hour.

Some of the steel brought for the construction of the tower, which was built by about 400 laborers, came from the scraps of American tanks that were damaged in the Korean War.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/BRXj0ei9Kzg


A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/WRgj-fDYmEY
PRADA Aoyama
PRADA Aoyama
#About the Modern Building

The Prada Aoyama store is an expensive branch, one of many in the world, of the high-end fashion seller of the prestigious fashion giant. But the interest in Prada's structure in Tokyo is also architectural, making the Prada fashion house in Tokyo a must-see for modern architectural enthusiasts.

In Prada Tokyo, the Swiss architects Herzog and De Meuron have done an impressive job of designing a modernistic, imposing, almost futuristic building that offers luxury and is a good place to stay.

Around the Prada Tokyo building is a steel mesh filled with "glass diamonds." These give it a glittering and crystal look and turn the building into a huge, impressive urban diamond.

In the inside of the building there are also surprises. There are six floors and five sides, but the deceptive connections between its floors surprise visitors and buyers and move them from floor to floor without paying attention, which certainly can contribute to the overall sales balance of the store.

Prada Tokyo stands out with asymmetric cuttings on top. Its windows are interesting, some of the windows are sunken and some are prominent. If during the day the passersby, can actually "examine the goods" from the outside and look in through the concave windows - at night the entire building becomes bright and beautiful.

Inside, the structure is interesting and original. Its inner space is made up of large, horizontal tubes, shaped like diamonds. Large displays and storage cells have been installed as fitting rooms for the customers.



A Closer Look at the Prada Store in Tokyo:

https://youtu.be/luGzBDGM9Fg



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/Mk2bA8QBbnk


Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building
Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building
#About the Connected Tower of Tokyo and the Wonderful Free Views Over the City

At a height of 243 meters, the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building in Shinjuku is a very tall government building that locals call "Tochu." Until 2007, it was the tallest tower in the city.

The metropolitan power tower is one of the most impressive government buildings around the world. In fact, it is not a single building but a complex of two 48-storey buildings each, which connect on the 33rd floor of each one. This gives "Tochu" a one in a kind look compared to the rather similar government buildings around the world.

From the government building, you can ascend to two 202-meter-high observatories with spectacular views of Tokyo's Shinjuku District. On good days, you can even see the far away Mount Fuji from here.



#Tips

Observations from the building are free!

There are security checks at the entrance. Discover understanding!
Each of the observatories has a coffee shop and a souvenir shop.

The northern viewpoint remains open longer both in the evening and at night and offers a particularly enjoyable night observation!



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/ImFeKwSVSao



Another Look:

https://youtu.be/i9pzZdtVP-g



A Closer Outside Look:

https://youtu.be/ll-KxtiToyU
Fuji TV Building
#About the Futuristic Office Building of the Fuji Company in Tokyo

The Fuji TV Building, or Fuji Tower, is a futuristic building with a spectacular view of 270 degrees to the mega-city of Tokyo, or the so-called Greater Tokyo. The building itself is a real icon in Japan. At its top, at a height of 124 meters, a 32-foot diameter observation ball was built , from which you can watch the huge megapolis.

The metal ball to which the structural strips are connected, is reminiscent of a chemical molecule, and it attests to the future architecture of the past, received from science and in this case from chemistry which inspired the design of futuristic and impressive structures.

The Fuji TV building, one of Japan's leading commercial television channels, contains the local studios, the ones with the most popular television programs in Japan. Tourists may find it less interesting, but who knows when you will get the opportunity to get access to the studios of real TV.
There are also exhibitions on popular TV programs in Japan and guided tours of the studios.



#Tips
The entrance to the building is free. You must pay only for entrance to the studios and observation.



A Closer Look:
https://youtu.be/rpNg0LAyy9g



Spectacular Video Presentation:

https://youtu.be/Y3mt8158eaA



Light Show on the Building:

https://youtu.be/SDkUQfs9hmo
Tokyo Dome City
#About the Wonderful Area for Children

Baseball, surprising as it may seem, is one of the most popular sports in Japan. The "Tokyo Dome" is a baseball stadium whose unique shape has earned it the nickname "The Great Egg of Tokyo" and is one of the most famous buildings in the city. This is where the "Yomiuri Giants" baseball team plays.

Even if the Tokyo Dome is a main sports stadium and stands out from the rest of the city's sports, it needs a firm and stable economic base. And so, in addition to its sports area, it also has an amusement park, which is part of an amusement complex that together creates the "Tokyo Dome City."

The complex includes the baseball stadium at its center, as well as the amusement park, a fun and playful experience for children and the whole family.

The amusement park, which is partially covered, re-opened in 2003 and now includes the following areas:

LaQua - an ultra-modern area, with a waterpark, a shopping center, restaurants, and an impressive ferris wheel.

Thunder Dolphin - the city's rollercoaster, that is excellent for both fear and excitement. The ride starts towards the roof of the main building, and dives to the center of the ferris wheel.

Toy Kingdom - an indoor complex perfect for rainy days, offering a number of rooms loaded with toys and educational amusements, just for young children to enjoy.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/pmdtW0ByXfg



Here is the Scary Rollercoaster Thunder Dolphin:

https://youtu.be/W7Ut2VPsUDc
Sunshine City
#About Tokyo's Family Entertainment Complex

Sunshine City is one of the most famous attractions in Ikebukuro. It is a huge complex that opened in 1987, offering a huge entertainment space for every age, interest and budget. It is located on a skyscraper, and includes theme parks, cinemas, a cultural center, a huge shopping center with hundreds of arcade shops, a planetarium and more.

Sunshine City has visitors from all over Japan, who visit the city to enjoy the amazing things it offers. This is a "city within the city", you can spend many hours here. There are even hotels here, for those who never want to leave...

Sunshine City contains a number of theme parks and complexes, with an atmosphere for computer games, manga and Pokémon. The latter, by the way, also offers an ice cream museum with strange flavors like octopus, beef tongue, salt water and Indian curry. Next to the complex, the world's largest anime store is called Animite, which includes 9 floors of anime!

There is also the Sunshine Aquarium to visit, where one can watch fish and deep-sea dwellers, including sun-toned fish, who feed on jellyfish and are considered the largest fish in the sea.

A planetarium is here as well to explore, and it includes a magnificent high-tech sky dome. Through here you can head towards the romantic observation Sunhsine 60, which offers a view of the city from the 60th floor. The elevator will fly you up to a 240 meter view in only half a minute!



#Tips
The Sunshine City is located in central Tokyo, ensuring easy access to and about the city.



A Closer Look at Pokémon Center:

https://youtu.be/gB0szy8fECo



The Sunshine Aquarium:

https://youtu.be/dBlijEKBtis



The Endless Shopping Mall:

https://youtu.be/Y6YdxyULcso
Tokyo Skytree
#About the Tallest Tower in Tokyo

Skytree, is the tallest tower in the world and the second tallest building in history. In recent years, the needle shaped Skytree had become one of the symbols of Tokyo and Japan.

The Skytree is 634 meters high, twice the height of the Eiffel Tower in Paris. It was built for about three and a half years, at a cost of $820 million. At the top of the tower are two viewpoints, one at heights of 350 meters and the other 450 meters above the city.

By the way, the Tokyo Solamachi Canyon, at the bottom or base of the Tokyo Skytree, is a great place to release the lust for shopping nesting in all of us. It also has a great aquarium called the Sumida Aquarium.

The observation of Mt. Fuji from the Tokyo Skytree, the volcano that is Japan's highest mountain, is wonderful. From here you can watch it from 100 kilometers away. This is one of the most beautiful Japanese sights, especially for those who choose not to go hiking.

The tower itself was damaged by the earthquake that hit Japan in 2011, but it survived and construction slowed down for only two months, proving the strength of Japanese construction technology and its resilience to earthquakes.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/Q6sZbHxCOu8



A View Above the City:

https://youtu.be/m_Le1Kqk6TI



Tokyo Solamachi Mall below:

https://youtu.be/IsyVAcvlRo0



The Sumida Aquarium In the Mall:

https://youtu.be/6eW8Sz8SGRs


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.