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Duomo di Verona
Duomo di Verona
#About the Great Cathedral of Verona

The Grand Cathedral, known as the Duomo di Verona, is the name of the city's main church.

The construction of Verona's cathedral began in the 12th century and lasted for hundreds of years. This is a large and impressive church, whose front is built in a stylized mix of Gothic and Romanesque styles. From the inside it is even more impressive.

The altar of the church is decorated with a painting by one of the greatest painters, Titian. It is described as the ascension of Jesus to heaven.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/dDo1pXTBirU
Piazza dei Signori
Piazza dei Signori
#About Dante's Magnificent Square

The Place de la Republique is Piazza dei Signori, a magnificent and important square in the city of Verona. The square was once the administrative center of Verona.

Beneath the big gate in the square you'll see the bone of a whale suspended from above. According to legend, this object will fall on the head of the first righteous man to pass through the gate. What is interesting is that for over 250 years the bone is still hanging there. Are there no righteous people in the world?

In the center of Piazza dei Signori stands the statue of the Italian poet Dante Alighieri. This is one of the greatest people from the city, and he wrote the famous poem "La Divina Commedia" at the beginning of the 14th century. This poetic poem is considered the greatest in Italian literature and a leading cultural asset in world literature.

There are various architectural styles, along with a number of ancient gates, such as the Arco della Costa.


#Buildings of the Square

In Piazza dei Signori you can see several public buildings built over the years. Among them you should pay attention to:

Palazzo del Comune - See the building decorated with pink and white marble stripes. This beautiful and unique building is in a Renaissance style and was built in the 12th century.

Palazzo del Tribunale - This is the building that is connected to the city palace and next to it is a large brick tower. The building, built in the 14th century, is located in the Scavi Scaligeri archaeological complex, which contains remains from the Roman and Middle Ages periods. Today there is a gallery with high-level temporary photography exhibitions.

Palazzo del Podesta - This white marble building was built in the 13th century by the Scaligeri family, the medieval rulers of Verona. Its facade has a classic entrance gate and decorative teeth. Above the gate notice the board with the winged lion, a symbol of Venetian rule.

Loggia del Consiglio - Here you are asked to make a small investigation among the locals and discover it ... Take time for this detective exercise. It's fun... did you find it? - Excellent! This terrace is the reason why the square is called in Italian "Square of Representatives." It is a building built in 1485, as a place where members of the city council stood, during ceremonies and large public events.


#Tips
In recent years, excavations were conducted beneath the square that exposed a Roman street, with mosaics and various interesting remains. You can see them if you enter the large courtyard next door.



A Tour:

https://youtu.be/mRHg30gD84o
Basilica of San Zeno Maggiore
Basilica of San Zeno Maggiore
#About the Basilica of San Zeno Maggiore Verona

The Basilica of San Zeno Maggiore is one of the largest and most impressive churches in Verona. The church is no less than a Romanesque masterpiece and many see it as the finest Romanesque building in northern Italy.

In fact, the church is the oldest building in Verona that has been preserved to this day. It was established in the 4th century, as a modest church, erected over the tomb of Zeno. Zeno was one of the first bishops of Verona and the patron of the city.

In the 9th century the old church was replaced by a larger church. But in the severe and famous earthquake that struck Verona in the 12th century, the Basilica of San Zeno was badly damaged. It is the same earthquake, incidentally, that destroyed parts of the city's Arena. Immediately after the earthquake the church was rebuilt - for the third time. The construction of the building this time began in 1045 and lasted about nine whole decades!

Since its establishment, the Basilica of San Zeno Maggiore has served as the religious center of Verona. Between the walls of this church were married, according to the Shakespearean play named after them, Romeo and Juliet.


# What Will You See Here?

The façade of the great Basilica of San Zeno Maggiore is a beautiful central façade, in ivory tones from the tufa layers, surrounded by a thin Romanesque Campanile from the years 1045-1178.

To the right of the church you can see the bell tower, dating to the 12th century. Also note the round rosette window decorating the church.

At the entrance to the elegant Romanesque church, you pass through a gate on its side. But note the bronze doors on the front gate and the unusual Romanesque reliefs on them, depicting various Biblical and secular scenes.

Inside the church, the inner space looks like a central hall with two wings, separated by a row of arches.

Notice the unusual wooden roof of the church. This roof is from the 14th century. At the aisles note the frescoes, created in the 13th to 15th centuries.

In the choir area you will see a marble statue from the 14th century. The statue is of St. Zeno, the Bishop of Verona and the one after whom the church is named.

No less special is the design of the tall and beautiful altar, on which you can see a Triptych, a three-part piece.

The wonderful Triptych on this impressive altar is called the Madonna and the Child with Angels and Saints. It was created by the artist Andrea Mantegna in the 15th century and is considered the Holy Mother, surrounded by various Christian saints.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/WEmaEDUDNOk


A Tour:

https://youtu.be/HBoKsJoTKys
Piazza delle Erbe
Piazza delle Erbe
#About the Favorite Square Near the Tower

One of Verona's main squares, Piazza delle Erbe, is a bustling square filled with various stalls selling local food and a host of nice products. Here, from the Middle Ages and especially in the 14th century, it was one of the city's largest markets.

But the ancient roots of this square reach to the Roman period, which was here as much as the heart of the Roman Forum.

The square of Piazza delle Erbe, in Egnlish "spice square," is really the heart of the city of Verona. It is in a meeting of its main trade streets, Via Mazzini, Verona's shopping street and via Capello, leading to Juliet's House.

The square is surrounded by a series of important buildings, with an impressive fountain in its center, all of which were built at the time and preserved to this day in their entirety.


#What Will You See Here?

The square has various monuments that symbolize the rulers of Verona over the years. Take note, for example, of the impressive Verona Madonna fountain, dating back to the reign of the Scaligerian family in the Middle Ages. This fountain, dating back to 1368, features an ancient marble statue from the Roman period, a statue of the Madonna di Verona.

In the center of the square you will see a small stage with a pillar next to it. The covered platform, which stands on four pillars, is called Capitolo. From which the representatives of the government in the 16th century came to announce the decrees and laws of the rulers of Verona to the public.

Have you noticed the Venetian marble pillar, topped by the winged lion statue? What is the symbol of the Venetian city of Venice in Verona, you ask? - This is a symbol of the rule of the Venetian Republic here, which lasted for many years.

The colorful square is surrounded by palaces, such as the Palazzo Maffei, the impressive Baroque palace. Nearby is the Palazzio Della Ragio, where you can glimpse the changing art exhibitions.

In the compound of this palace stands the famous Lamberti tower, or "Torre dei Lamberti". This tower, 83 meters high, is made of stone and was built in the Middle Ages. It has a great view of the entire city.

In the northeastern corner of the square you will see the Casa Mazanti, a house originally built by the Scaligerians, the city's medieval rulers. Notice the Renaissance frescoes, which, like many houses of the time, adorn this structure.


#The Market in the Square

The Piazza delle Erbe is the largest and most popular market in Verona. You will find a variety of food stands, clothes, jewelry and handicrafts.

It is recommended to arrive at the market stalls on the square on Saturdays and Sundays, together with the locals who come to spend time and choose between the selections of vegetables and fruits, handicrafts and the like.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/WRSkvu-FjCc


The Market in the Square:

https://youtu.be/l2UxHgXo5ck

Architecture in Verona

Ponte Pietra
Ponte Pietra Bridge
#About the Roman Bridge That Was Rebuilt After Being Blown in the War

The Ponte Pietra Bridge, or Ponte Pietra, on the Adige River, is an ancient Roman bridge that continues to function as a useful bridge in Verona. In fact, it is the only Roman bridge left in the city and is very impressive.

Not all the bridge is authentic. The Roman part was destroyed and completed with parts from the Middle Ages. In World War II, all the bridges of Verona, the Pietra Bridge was also blown up and destroyed. It was the German army that destroyed it, while fleeing from Allied armies.

Only after the war did the bridge get restored. This happened after they collected all the stones from the river, one at a time. The collected stones were then meticulously arranged and reconstructed from the bridge as a whole, with the necessary completion of course. Notice the different colors of the bridge stones. Each color of the stones represents another period in the history of the bridge.

From the bridge you can enjoy a great view of the city of Verona and its harbor. Take note of the opposite bank and the tower that protects the bridge. Behind it, by the way, you can see the back side and the bell towers of the beautiful churches in the Old City.


#Task for Children

Look for as many ancient Roman inscriptions as the ancient ones on the bridge in ancient times. Those who find the most get ice cream...


#Tips
In the Ponte Pietra area there are a number of nice restaurants and bars. In these restaurants you can enjoy a romantic meal in the city of Romeo and Juliet.


View from the Bridge:

https://youtu.be/-hugZ7UPV8o


A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/WJCTP1JMdJo


In Winter:

https://youtu.be/ClRb0pyd3oU
Bridges
Ponte Scaligero
#About the Bridge Built as an Escape Route For the Ruler

The Ponte Scaligero Bridge (Castelvecchio Bridge) connects the fortress of Castelvecchio and the left bank of the Adige River. It is behind the fort, near Verona's Arena and Piazza Bra.

The bridge was built in the Middle Ages by the ruler of the city, the Cangrande II della Scala, of the Scaligero family. In building the bridge, he prepared for himself a way out of the fortress, in case of a siege or a fortified fortification against an enemy on the gate.

For many years, since the Middle Ages, the bridge has survived earthquakes and prolonged wear and tear, but the bridge, which has survived all the ravages of nature, has not survived human vandalism. During World War II, the bridge was blown up by the German army when they fled Allied troops attacking from the south. Only after the war was the bridge be restored.

It is very pleasant to walk on this bridge, especially in the evening and see the view of the river and the beautiful city. Along the entire length of the bridge you will see stalls where artists sell works of glass, wood, ceramics and handicrafts. There are also a number of street food stands and drinks.



A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/3cd9xzVuWto
Santa Maria Antica
Santa Maria Antica
#About the Romanesque Church in Verona

The small church of Santa Maria Antica is a Romanesque church that was built in the 7th century and rebuilt in the 12th century.

In the church there is a small bell tower, in a pure Romanesque style, with cobblestone windows and a brick-covered turret. In its head are three bells that were cast during the 17th century, in the Baroque era, and next to it is a transom, in a Veronese style.

The present church was rebuilt after the earthquake of 1117. What survived the 7th century building is the fragments of the black-and-white mosaic floor.

The inner space of the three-story church changed around 1630 to the Baroque style. But a restoration that took place at the end of the 19th century restored the Romanesque design to the original space. It is divided between columns with arches (sesto rialzato) and a roof with many supports, supported by cross-arches, just like in the Basilica of San Zeno.

In the church there are two long apsis, with central cotto and apsis with two frescos, from the 14th century.

Outside you can see the small windows of the church and its bricks and cotto. The side door is dominated by the Cangrande II della Scala arch, the most impressive arch of the Scaligeri family. Excavations uncovered a cemetery near the church, which contained fifty tombs from the 11th century, some of which extended from north to south and some from east to west.

The present structure of the church was dedicated by the Patriarch of Aquileia and served as the private chapel of the Scaligeri family, the ruling noble family of Verona. It is located next to their family cemetery, which has been here since the 13th century.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/jDftUzRjBOQ
Castelvecchio
Castelvecchio Museum
#About the Medieval Fortress of Verona

Castelvecchio Castle in the city of Verona is an ancient castle from the 14th century, considered one of the oldest and most recognizable buildings with the city. The fortress was built near the river as part of the defenses of the ancient city. It served as a military fortress in the 18th century, becoming an Austrian military base, and later a base for the Italians.

The fort, called Castelvecchio Museum, is wonderfully beautiful. It is located on the banks of the Adige River and is built of red bricks, which have given it its red color and became its hallmark.

The fortress was founded in 1353 by Cangrande II della Scala, the city's ruler at the time. During World War II it was severely damaged in the bombing. After the war, between 1958 and 1967, it was completely renovated by architect Carlo Scarpa. Today it is a significant part of the city's landscape.

There are 7 magnificent towers in the impressive Castelvecchio Museum, which is surrounded by a wall and contains 4 main buildings. The two main parts of the fortress are connected via a crossing. Above it is a high watchtower, a tower from which the magnificent Ponte Scaligero Bridge crosses the Adige River, on the other side.


#The Museum in the Fortress

The Mastio Tower in the center of the fortress now hosts the museum with works from the Middle Ages, the Renaissance and modern art.

In 1925 the fortress was converted into a museum, and just as can be expected of Italy, you can also see an impressive collection of paintings, sculptures, miniatures and ceramic works from the 12th to the 18th century.

Already in the courtyard of the museum, right at the entrance, you will see the statue of the first Cangrande, one of the Scaligerian princes. The man died in 1329 and his statue standing here presents him, as is customary, as a hero with a raised sword in his hand.

Also prominent is the famous statue of Cangrande II della Scala riding on his horse. The statue was brought to the museum from the Scaligerian cemetery complex.

Inside you will find fascinating and interesting works of art by the best artists of Italy in different periods, from the Middle Ages to the modern era.

It is worth finding the following works:

Holy Family by Andrea Mantegna.

Portrait of a Young Boy Holding a Child's Drawing by Caroto

Crucifixion and Madonna dell'Umiltà by Bellini

Madonna of the Quail by Pisanello

Portrait of a Young Woman by Rubens.

The museum also has beautiful jewelry and a collection of weapons from the Middle Ages.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/hMKOubIBoos


A Tour:

https://youtu.be/jz-Cq0h1LAU?t=1m25s


Torre dei Lamberti
Torre dei Lamberti
#About the Medieval Fortress

The Torre dei Lamberti, located near the city's main square, Piazza delle Erbe, offers a great view of Verona and the entire area. To the tower, which rises to a height of 83 meters, many come to watch this view.

The tower was built in the Middle Ages. It rises to a high height, allowing for a wonderful panoramic view around the city of Verona.

This tower, Torre dei Lamberti, is a nice romantic place, especially near sunset. The magnificent view of the city and its surroundings, seen from the top of the tower, is simply wonderful.


#Tips
If you are fit you will have no problem climbing stairs. Those who are not fit will be able to board the elevator.

The Piazza delle Erbe next to the tower is a bustling square filled with various stalls, including local food and a host of nice things.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/tAuBVk7MHK4


The Landscape Around:

https://youtu.be/SFzDOAmlos4
Verona Arena
#About the Huge Amphitheater of the City

The Verona Arena (Arena di Verona) is a Roman amphitheater, which, like the Colosseum in Rome, was used in ancient times for gladiatorial battles, games, circuses and tournaments. The huge building was built in the year 30 AD and has been well preserved to this day. With 22,000 seats, it is no wonder that during the Roman period it was considered one of the largest stadiums in the world.

This is not just another ancient site from the Roman period, or even an ordinary Roman arena. Verona's Arena is considered the well-preserved Roman amphitheater - the third largest in the world. Even if there is no performance, it is recommended to enter and be impressed by it from the inside as well.

As one of the most preserved Roman amphitheaters there, and thanks to its excellent acoustics, the Arena is still used for concerts, operas and classical concerts known all over the world. In July and August, each year there is the Verona Opera Festival, one of the largest summer events in Europe.


#What Will You See Inside?
With 72 impressive stone arches, 44 rows and 22,000 seats, Verona's amphitheater is the third largest in the world

The entrance is a double archway called the Portoni di Bra. This arch remains as a remnant of the 14th century city walls. Here you will reach a large triangular piazza surrounded by large buildings from a variety of historical periods. At the entrance you will see the Lystone, a wide 18th-century sidewalk made of fine red marble, brought here from the quarries in the mountains near Verona.

The dimensions of the elliptical structure are 110 by 140 meters. In the past it was even larger, but during an earthquake in 1183, parts of it were muted and it is the size that remains. Many other stones were taken from here to build churches in the Middle Ages and other periods.

The orchestra area was restored in 1913 and has since been used for concerts during the summer season. Every year, Verdi's opera "Aida," whose plot takes place in ancient Egypt, is performed here.


#History of the Arena

Verona's amphitheater is the third largest in the world, indicating the importance and strength of Verona in the Roman era.

The Arena, which was then built outside the walls of the city, is built of red bricks or a type of pink-white marble.

An earthquake that occurred in 1117 destroyed the outer arches of the Arena, leaving only a meager remnant that can be seen on the northwestern edge of the amphitheater. The ruins that surrounded it were used in the Middle Ages as a huge source for stone construction. From here stones were taken to new buildings and misery dominated the glorious amphitheater of yesteryear. It was only during the Renaissance that the central part of the Arena was restored.

In the 18th century, the Arena was again used for theater and entertainment. In 1913 the opera Aida by Verdi was performed for the first time. Since this premiere, the performance of this opera here has become a tradition of many years.

And in general - every summer there are spectacular opera performances to which viewers from all over the world flock to watch and listen to the Italian operas in an authentic, powerful, great place with excellent acoustics.


#Tips

The Verona Opera Festival takes place here during July and August. It is considered one of the most prominent music events in the summer of Europe. Book ahead of time!

Tickets at the last minute can be bought, if left, on the morning of the show at the Arena ticket office. They occupy the back of the Arena and without a reserved place. The price is only 12 euros.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/78INR6VD2WY?t=1m39s&end=2m33s


A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/hVZbPsYJ05I


Opera in the Arena:

https://youtu.be/cUN5qAnW0Ho


Adele Performning in the Arena:

https://youtu.be/O0IBihG-xY0
Casa di Giulietta
#About the Most Famous Terrace in the Literary World

Near Piazza delle Erbe, Via Cappelo is Casa di Giulietta, undoubtedly the most famous house in the city and the romantic attraction of Verona.

According to tradition, this is the home of Miss Juliet from the famous Romeo and Juliet Shakespearian play. Juliet, a medieval beauty, loved Romeo, the son of a rival family. The end, caution, spoiler, is not good!

Inside the courtyard of the house you can see the stone terrace where Juliet stood, according to the stories, while Romeo sang serenades of love. Today there are countless tourists coming to the city for this famous terrace, but then this lyrical encounter was a secret affair, since the two families had a fierce rivalry. When the story is revealed and they are required to separate from each other, the two decide to take their lives and die together, loving eachother forever.

Thanks to the Shakespearian play, written by the greatest playwright in the history of the theater, the two lovers Romeo and Juliet are known all over the world. Many tourists come here to be close to where one of the greatest and tragic love stories in history took place.

In fact, the Gothic palace before you is the home of the Capello family, which has remained standing since it was built in the 13th century.

Do not let the fact that this balcony and the window next to it were created in the 1930's spoil you the wonderful story. These were created here, as part of a renovation of the building, in which antique furniture and paintings that perpetuated the story of Romeo and Juliet were also brought here.


#Hands On the Statue of Juliet

One of the attractions here is the statue of Juliet that everyone caresses. This bronze statue was created by the Italian sculptor Costantini. Do not be embarrassed to discover that the most glowing part of the statue, that is, the most touched part, is the breast of the fair lady ...

The reason? - The Italians believe that if they put their hand on Juliet's breast, they will have health, good luck and eternal love. It is not certain that this will indeed happen, but there is no doubt that if you wait for your turn to do so, you will get a unique photograph, with no hint of rudeness, because everyone is doing it here.


#About the Story of Romeo and Juliet
Mixing between art and life, fiction that has come out of control, boundless love or a life that does not live without a soul mate - no matter how we look at it, it is the greatest love story of all time.

The story of the two lovers Romeo and Juliet has for centuries occupied the greatest artists, writers and composers. The audience flock to productions, following the books, the songs, the operas and the paintings, and never cease to be interested in all that concerns the greatest love of all, with the lesson on the side.

In house number 21 on Via Cappelo in the city of Verona, somewhere in northern Italy, lived according to the belief Juliet Capulet, a member of the Capulet family. Italian writer Luigi Deporto is the one who wrote about her and her lover Romeo in 1524. No one knows if the story actually took place, but it became so well known that everyone believed it, without a doubt.

About 70 years later, William Shakespeare of England will also write his most famous version of the story, about the lovers of the rival families, the Capulets and Montagues, whose families forbade them to meet, fall in love or marry, and therefore gave up on their lives.

Tourists in Verona continue to visit the house in Verona. It also serves as a museum that explains and gives a glimpse into the life of almost 500 years ago, in Italy of those times.


#About the Historical Context of the House
You are in the house of the Capulet family which is a kind of Gothic palace built in the 12th century. On one of the arches of the house with the famous terrace appears the symbol of the nobility of the Capello family, to which the house belonged. The street is also called Via Cappelo today.

The connectionof that Capello family with the Capulet family from the Romeo and Juliet came much later. This connection occurred when the drama turned the two into a world story. Either way, in the 19th century it was widely believed that this was the home of Juliet, the heroine of the tragedy.

The Shakespearean tragedy takes place in the city of Verona around the 14th century. Verona of those days was immersed in a fierce struggle between the German Kaiser, who heads the Second Reich and controls the Holy Roman Empire, and the Christian Pope, the leader of all Catholics. Romeo's family, the Montague family, belonged to the Pope's supporters, the so-called "Gualfim." Juliet is a member of the Capulet family. It was a family that supported the German emperor and was on the opposite side - the Ghiblins.

From this argument and historical context, between the emperor's supporters and the papal supporters, the controversy, the rivalry and the hatred between the families, led to the death of the lovers.


#Tips
Come in the middle of the week, because on weekends and holidays is very crowded place.

Inside the house is a small and insignificant museum, the entrance to which allows you to be photographed on the balcony.

After the house you can stroll along the river and do shopping in the nearby Via Mazzini pedestrian street.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/3ydmNCgqMWs


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.