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Muse d'Orsay
d'Orsay Art Museum
#Musée d'Orsay - The Train Station That Became an Art Museum

One of the most impressive art museums in the world is dedicated to art from the second half of the 19th century and the early years of the 20th century. The d'Orsay Art Museum (Musée d'Orsay) is located on the left bank of the Seine River in the 7th district of the prestigious area of Saint Germain. The museum has an impressive collection of art, including a variety of important and famous works from 1848 to 1914.

The spacious building now used as a museum was no less than a train station and a hotel in the past. During your visit you can still see the huge clocks used by the passengers and the floors remind you a little of the platforms that were once here. The transformation of the station into a museum began in 1977 and opened to the general public in 1986.

The museum also features sculptures, decorative art, photographs and furniture. You can see the works of the most important impressionist artists - Monet with "Women in the Garden", "Heaps of Hay" and "Poppies", Renoir's famous works such as "Dances in the Moulin de la Galette" and "The Bathers", some of Degas's sculptures of famous dancers and Manet most important works, "Breakfast on the Grass" and "Olympia"

Do not miss the works of the amazing realist Krove, which will leave you stunned with your mouth open. Then continue to the Impressionist side - paintings that accurately reflect what the eye sees.

As we continue to wander through the museum's parts, we arrive at the post-Impressionists part - those who rebelled and abandoned Impressionism in favor of establishing a new artistic language. Van Gogh, the father of expressionism, describes not only what exists in nature, but his moods and feelings, which are not only private and personal, and which embrace each other.



#Creations Worth Looking at in the Museum

There are many worthwhile creations in the museum, here are some of them:

#Starry Night over The Rhone (Vincent van Gogh)

Van Gogh's work was painted in 1888. It depicts the banks of the Rhone River in the city of Arles in France. The painting is drawn from a remote perspective, from the eastern bank of the river to the western bank, which allows it to demonstrate the reflections of the street lighting (gas lamps) in the river. In the painting you can see a pair of lovers strolling along the riverbank. The painting shows specific buildings in Arles, such as the church towers of Saint Julien and Saint Tropez.

#Bal du Moulin de la Galette (Pierre Auguste Renoir)

Renoir painted this work twice - once big and ocne small. The large version can be found in the museum and the small one is currently in a private collection. The work depicts a dance of the bourgeois class, which takes place in Montmartre in Le Moulin de la Galette, on Sunday afternoons. The painting includes a large number of figures - some standing, some dancing and some sitting at tables. Above the group are trees that allow rays of sun to pass and illuminate the characters. The characters in the painting are cut off and therefore there is a sense that the scene is part of a larger event that takes place outside the boundaries of the picture.

#Lunch on the Grass (Edouard Manet)

Manet's oil painting depicts a naked woman beside two dressed men, dining in a garden in Paris in 1863. This was the first time female nudity in daily context was introduced in a painting, without any explicit social or political statement.



#The Museum's Building

The Musée d'Orsay, considered one of the most impressive and popular museums in the world, is a magnificent architectural structure of metal and glass, which began its construction in 1898.

The museum was built where a train station used to be. The station was inaugurated in 1900, but due to a lack of compatibility with newer and more modern trains, it was only used for 40 years. The building was used for several decades for different needs, until in the mid-1970's when the entire building was designated for demolition. A modern multi-functional complex was planned to be built there, but due to the stubbornness of the French museum management, which discovered the potential inherent in the special building, a museum dedicated to art from the second half of the 19th century to the early years of the 20th century was created there.

In 1977, the decision was made and the railway station became an artistic lodge while preserving its outer shape. The museum opened to the public in 1986, and to this day, while utilizing the high spaces of the building, it presents neoclassical, romantic, impressionistic, realistic and other creations.

The ground floor is divided into three levels that present painting, sculpture and architecture.

On the second floor of the building are Impressionist works by a variety of painters.



#The Story of the Striping Artist

In 2016, the artist Deborah de Robertis from Luxembourg was arrested after lying naked in a museum, in front of the painting "Olympia" by Edouard Manet. The painting shows a naked woman lying in her full glory looking directly at the viewer's eyes. Behind the woman is a black maid. In those days, the exhibition "Luxury and Misery: Images of Prostitution 1850-1910" was presented at the museum, which dealt with the excitement of various artists in the phenomenon of prostitution that grew in the second half of the 19th century. Manet's painting caused turmoil at the time, ever since the first time it was presented in 1865. This is because the painting was very direct and daring for its time. He introduced a real prostitute and not a mythological figure, historical or religious - which was more common in the works of the time.

But the naked appearance of the striping artist, while many people were standing around the painting, awakened the museum guards, who closed the room and asked her to dress. Because she refused, the police were summoned and removed her from the place.

The artist's lawyer explained that she carried a camera in order to document the audience's reactions, and that in fact it was a work of art. Despite the reputation that comes to France as a place that promotes free sex, cases from recent years indicate that there too, they find it difficult to accept such harsh provocations. After her release from prison, the artist said that the French reaction was hypocritical to her.



A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y8SZxg2SjCE&t=79s
Cavallo di Leonardo
Leonardo’s Horse
#The Horse that was Sculpted After 500 years

The story of Leonardo’s Horse's (Cavallo di Leonardo) statue is fascinating, almost unbelievable in terms of adoration for artists, even if it was someone as brilliant as Leonardo da Vinci.

In his life, Leonardo da Vinci was engaged in countless fields of art, science and technology. Many do not know that he also found time to sculpture and did that along with his amazing painting career.

In a sculpting project he engaged in during his youth, he reached a climax. Leonardo planned the construction of the horse for 17 years, which connected and contributed to his almost obsessive preoccupation with horses, which resulted in countless horse records and the study of their movement.

Leonardo set himself a great goal - to build the world's largest horse sculpture. At one point he managed to create a large clay model of the horse, which was placed in the courtyard of the Sforza Castle. But the French soldiers who invaded Italy in 1494 destroyed it. The Italian army also contributed to the mess by using the bronze that was meant to be used to build for weapons. Leonardo died and did not end up building the statue.

But the dream of the statue of the horse did not relent. The bronze statue you see was created only at the end of the 20th century, 500 years after Leonardo's death.

The story is amazing. The creator of it is an American art collector named Charles Dent. He heard about the story and decided to complete the plan to build the huge horse statue, as a tribute to the great artist, and to present it as a gift to the city of Milan. Dent recruited funds and a team of sculptors and experts who created the sculpture and in 1999 completed its construction. The construction of the statue was based on the drawings and plans left behind by Da Vinci. Incidentally, the American entrepreneur died before the end of the construction of the horse and his son was the director of the completion of the project.

Today, this statue is the largest horse statue in the world. It rises to a height of 7.5 meters and weighs 15 tons. The city of Milan placed it at the entrance to the city's horse racing arena, near the San Siro Stadium.

It stands on a surface of white Carrara marble, with a base made of granite. On the base stone is written: "The wind that blows between the ears of the horse is the spirit of heaven."

Statue replicas were also placed in Michigan, in the United States and a small replica in the town of Vinci in Tuscany, the town where Leonardo was born and named after.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/cIbirWS3Uck
Herakleidon Museum
Herakleidon Museum
#About the Museum in the Shade of the Acropolis

The Herakleidon Museum is a private museum established in 1898, that displays temporary exhibits of Greek and international artists.

The museum is located in a neo-Classical building, which lies under the Acropolis of Athens. The stated goal of the museum is to expose the visitors to art by the most important artists in history, in a thorough and deep way, one by one.

For all the well-known artists displayed here, there are displays of the many periods that their works have undergone, famous and less known art by the artist is displayed. A variety of modern aids enable visitors to get an in-depth look at the artist's life and work. In addition, the museum presents the artistic development of the artist and the methods in which they worked, along with their biography and private lives.

This is how the museum displays its collections, next to artistic works, including paintings, sketches, and photographs, as well as personal artifacts belonging to artists and sketches that preceded paintings.

In the permanent collection of the museum there are art pieces from famous artists, among them the surrealist artist MC Escher, Victor Vasarely, and more.

In addition to its dealings with arts, the museum hosts cultural events like concerts, book signings, and various study days.



#Tips

The entrance is free for all.

Every year in the middle of August, the museum closes.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/DUbNmEEB0wY
Conde Duque
Conde Duque
#About the Modern Art Complex in the Ancient Building

Conde Duque is a modern art complex in Madrid, where museums and galleries have exhibits and present art, there is an auditorium that holds concerts, shows, plays, and dance performances.

The art complex was built in an old building from the 18th century, and at the center there is the museum for modern art, that holds temporary exhibits or paintings and photos, from the 20th century, and from modern artists.

Lately, the Conde Duque area has filled with clothing stores, restaurants, cafes, and nice and cheap bars.

The city's young population loves Malasana as well, the area where the complex is located. Many come to hang out here, together with tourists that come here to refresh from the many palaces and museums around the city.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/2nVbUW6YuRQ

Art

Szpmvszeti Mzeum
Museum of Fine Arts
#About the Beautiful Art Museum of Budapest

The Museum of Fine Arts (Szépművészeti Múzeum) is an impressive art museum, with huge collections of art by non-Hungarians, pieces by the greatest creators in history.

The museum is located at the Heroes' Square, right at the entrance to the public park of Budapest, and was established between the years 1900-1906. The impressive Neo-classical building reminds of a Roman or Greek ancient temple.


#About the 6 Main Museum Collections

Ancient Egyptian Art - a huge collection of Egyptian art.

Classic and Ancient Greek Art - Mostly marble statues, among them the "The Budapest Dancer," a marble statue from the 3rd century, as well as tools from ceramics and bronze.

The "Masters" - thousands of drawings from the history of European paintings between the 13th and 18th century. Look for Giorgione's "Portrait of a Young Man," Raphael's "Esterhazy Madonna," Dürer's "Portrait of a Young Man," Pieter Bruegel "St John the Baptist Preaching," and pieces by Titian, Tintoretto, Rubens, El Greco, Velázquez and Goya.

Statues from Middle Ages to 17th Century - Italian statues including a statue of a small bronze Horseman of Leonardo Di Vinci, and wooden statues from Germany and Austria.

Art from the 19th and Beginning of the 20th Centuries - Romantic art pieces include statues by Auguste Rodin, pieces by Delacroix and Gustave Courbet, and paintings by the Impressionists Manet, Pissarro, and Renoir, and painted posters by the famous Toulouse-Lautrec.

Graphic Art - over 10,000 sketches and 100,000 prints from traditional graphic European art. The most impressive here are by Rembrandt and Goya, and a collection of notes from Di Vinci regarding "The Battle of Anghiari."


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/vD12CnuLQ0I


Screening on the Museum's Building:

https://youtu.be/GeOBXzRW5q4
Greek Folk Art Museum
Greek Folk Art Museum
#About the Museum of Cultural Greek Art

The Greek Folk Art Museum was established in 1918 and displays handmade Greek artifacts.

The museum, whose name Greek Folk Art Museum was only chosen in 1959, has 4 sections. Each section is located in a different place in the city:

The central building - displays folk art exhibits, including ceramics, wood carvings, metal, cloths, embroidery, and religious items. There is an exhibit here for traditional dress for men and women from all around Greece. Displayed in this section are costumes for a masked ball, holiday wear, clothes worn during festivals and special occasions, and also costumes for theater. Additionally, you will see here works of silver that were created for churches and everyday uses, as well as huge collections of beautiful jewelry unique to Greece.

The building on 22 Panos Street - this building is in the Plaka, it presents the main and permanent exhibition. This is the museum's main building in Plaka, where the museum offices sit, with lecture halls and its own library.

Tzisdaraki Mosque - this was a mosque that was built during the Turkish rule over Athens, and today displays the Greek folk ceramic collection of Greece. The mosque is located in Monastiraki Square.

Bath House of the Winds - this was an ancient bath house located in the Plaka, and is from the Turkish rule over the city of Athens. It is unclear where the name Bath House of the Winds came from. Regardless, this is the only public bathhouse left of ancient Athens.


#Tips

The entrance is free for anyone under 19 years old, and students from the European Union.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/Ro-kKQcC3wQ
New Museum
New Museum
#About the New Museum

The New Museum is the only one among the museums in New York that is particular about dealing with contemporary art only. It is located in south Manhattan, in Soho.

In the modern building there are 8 floors, designed by Japanese architects, and its shape looks like a pile of die, abandoned in a messy way. The floors are accessible, and provide open galleries that are flexible in how they can be showcased. The museum began collecting in 2000. Notice a bright painting on the facade of the building, the creation "Hell. Yes!!" by Ugo Rondinone.

The temporary exhibits in the museum are extremely varied, and the museum specifically puts an emphasis on upcoming artists, modern art techniques, and displaying unique and original art, outside the mainstream.



#Tips

On Thursdays between 7:00 pm and 9:00 pm, the entrance fee is "pay what you want."

On Saturdays and Sundays the roof is open to the public for free, and there is a wonderful view.
Albertina
Albertina
#About Vienna’s Great Art Museum

The Albertina Museum is one of the leading cultural museums in Europe and contains a collection of some of the most important works in the world. Both tourists and locals visit the museum.

During World War II the museum was damaged, and after the war it was extensively renovated for a expensive price. The renovation, which took 10 years, cost no less than $117 million, a lot of money at that time. Finally it was constructed into a huge museum complex, one of the largest in the world.

The facade of the museum is decorated in neo-classical style. The building was designed by the renowned architect Klaus Albrecht and the entrance was designed by the great architect Hans Hollein.

The museum has four floors, including three galleries that show millions of cultural and artistic objects. Here you will find works by the greatest artists in the history of art, including Michelangelo, Rembrandt, Pablo Picasso and others. But apart from them there are over 1.5 million carvings, more than a million paintings and more than 65,000 drawings and paintings. Go ahead and see them all!


Sir John Soane's Museum
Sir John Soane's Museum
#About The Archeology Museum

At the "Soane" Archeology Museum you will find some of London's most spectacular treasures. This museum displays illustrations and models of buildings designed by the British architect John Soane. Among the exhibits you will find archaeological collections of his. The museum is located in the Holborn neighborhood of central London. Sir John had left the house and all its collections of art to the British nation.

The museum was established while Sir John was still alive. After his passing, the British Parliament enforced a law determining that the house should be preserved exactly as it was in his lifetime. The law is still valid to this day. In the 19th century the museum expanded. Today this area serves as the museum's offices, library and gallery for temporary exhibitions as well.

In this museum you will find approximately 30,000 architectural illustrations and works of art, models and sculptures, paintings
and other works. The sarcophagus of Pharaoh Seti I is kept in the
cellar of the museum. In addition to the collections and artworks, there are also temporary exhibitions on various subjects, including the areas in which Sir John was interested.

Today the museum also serves as a national center for the study of architecture.



#Architecture and Construction

One of the most prominent features of the rooms in the museum
is the use of illumination. This is an original idea of Soane that he invented while planning the rooms in the Bank of England (the building where the United Kingdom Central Bank is located). Due to the special museum structure, in which the walls of the exhibition rooms are movable, it is possible to view several pictures simultaneously and rotating the display structure easily and efficiently.

The breakfast room, where you will find a concave ceiling with mirrors, was an influential feature on contemporary interior designers at the time. The museum's library is built in the Gothic style.

The house as it is today, lures the visitors into the atmosphere of Sir John Soane.



#Sir John Soane

Architect John Soane was born in 1753 and achieved a respectable career during his lifetime.

Sir John Soane decided to build his house on the north side of Lincoln’s Inn. He bought three houses adjacent to each other and rebuilt them for this purpose. Shortly after his appointment as professor of architecture at the Royal Academy, he purchased the building where the museum is located - house number 13. Originally, the house was supposed to serve him as an office.

His wife passed away in 1815, and he remained alone in the house, continuing to develop his collections and works.

In 1823, when he was 70 years old, he purchased the adjacent building, number 14, and expanded it to the museum grounds, significantly increasing them in size. Sir John Soane passed away in 1837.



A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m3Nn7KuuzRA
Victoria and Albert Museum
#About the Museum

The Victoria and Albert Museum excels in designing items, and here you will find the largest collection in the world of decorative arts. The original purpose of the collection was to inspire creators at the time. Even with its artistic edge, the museum is not intended only for art lovers, but also those interested in anthropology and getting to know a wide variety of cultures.

The museum was established in 1852, and at first was called The South Kensington Museum, for its location in the Kensington neighborhood. At first it was established as a continuation of a large exhibition that took place in London in 1851, at the initiative of Prince Albert, Queen Victoria's husband. In 1899 the museum received its owner's name.

The museum building was built in the Edwardian and Victorian style, and this is largely felt by looking at the windows and overhead arches.

In the 145 galleries, each with its own characteristics, you can find over 4 million items displayed. The Middle Ages and Renaissance galleries, the statue, jewelry, fashion, and furniture galleries – all these are just a few of the large amounts of displays here. In the heart of the building you will find a beautiful garden that is pleasant for a walk.

The total area of the building is 45,000 square meters.

Between 10:30 am to 3:30 pm there are free tours around the museum.



#The Museum's Courtyard

In the museum you will find two covered courtyards, called the Molding Garden, where you will find plaster moldings of statues, friezes, and coffins. All these were especially brought over to London, for artists to learn from, and be inspired by. One of the most famous piece of art is there Trajan's Column, whose height is so large it was cut into two.

With the years, many of the original pieces of art were damaged, and so the Victoria and Albert Museum is one of the only places to still see some of the works of art, exactly as they appeared in the 19th century.
Rahmi M. Koc Museum
#About Istanbul's Transportation Musuem

The Rahmi M. Koc Museum in Istanbul is an impressive museum for vehicles and the history of transportation.

The museum includes ancient carriages, locomotives and trains, some of which were still used by the Ottoman sultans. It also features miniature models of trains and various accessories and means from the world of trains and its history.

Alongside them is a large collection of other transportation vehicles. Among them you can see historical tools and transportation from the last few centuries, including carriages, cars and models of cars, ships, planes and even submarines.

There are over 1,000 items here. It is interesting to see among them the blue, personal and luxurious train used by the Turkish Sultan in Ottoman Turkey.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/zdMuzIPLpcc



Another Look:

https://youtu.be/qP0bo2PEP_U



Wandering Around the Museum:

https://youtu.be/EIuL0ocFNxc
Great Palace Mosaic Museum
#About the Museum With the Mosaics

The Great Palace Mosaic Museum (Büyük Saray Mozaikleri Müzesi) displays a wonderful collection of mosaic art from the Byzantine Emperor's Palace.

In the museum you can see wonderful mosaic, where scenes of hunts and mythology stories are illustrated. The mosaics were found by archeologists near the Sultan Ahmed Mosque.



#A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/4I_ozt9wEuw
Shoreditch
#The Neighborhood of Graffiti and Young Creatives

In recent years, the Shoreditch neighborhood of East London
has become one of the youngest, most colorful and vibrant neighborhoods in London. It’s hard to believe that not long ago, this trendy and sought after neighborhood populated by millennials and perceived as a vibrant artistic and cultural center, was a failed neighborhood in the city, identified by its unflattering moniker, "the Slums." However the rising housing prices in London, as well as the potential of the aging and neglected neighborhood brought young people here in droves. Thus, Shoreditch became a neighborhood that piqued interest and attracted many young people looking for the cheap and simple life in the big city, but notwithstanding cozy cafes and other charms of the neighborhood.

In fact, bars, cafes, restaurants, galleries and shops are now being opened in Shoreditch which have become a magnet for young people who come in throngs from all over the region. Naturally, this cultural change is expressed chiefly by graffiti art which covers the neighborhood’s walls in vibrant color. Every tour of Shoreditch exposes the visitors immediately to what has become the identifying symbol of this newly awakened neighborhood - the paintings of street artists and talented graffiti artists.

Shoreditch has artworks on its walls, though these are not simply inscriptions and scribbles. They are real works of art. Here you will find works by artists such as Noir, the French graffiti artist who was the first to paint on the Berlin Wall and his characters are known to graffiti enthusiasts from all over the world, StinkFish is known to spray through stencils he creates with characters he has photographed in the past. Some of Stik’s work, the world's most famous street artist, is around the neighborhood walls for admiration. There are areas that are a product of collaboration with other artists. Besides the art, it is also a form of criticism on the distortions and breakdowns in modern society, which has long become the hallmark of this mysterious and invisible art.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/OUhzNjfy8qY


Virtual visit:

https://youtu.be/xVzFuU2akJU


Bloggers:

https://youtu.be/NHj5Epx4bHk


Guide:

https://youtu.be/ilRaHXhsoZA
Triennale Design Museum
#The Museum of Design, Art and Architecture

Even if now it has a lot of competition around the world, many see the city of Milan as the design capital of Italy and perhaps of all of Europe. So, it is only natural that its design museum will be particularly impressive.

Indeed, the Triennale Museum of Design and Architecture is one of the world's most regarded museums for design, art and contemporary architecture. Its main goal is to present the Italian design that has become famous around the world. An innovative and contrasted design whose flourishing period started at the beginning of the 20th century and carries out to this today.

There are plenty of impressive displays from the best contemporary artists and Italian designers from the past and present, along with superior furniture designers from around the world.
From the museum collection, you will learn about the diversity and innovation that has characterized Italian design throughout the generations. There is a clear illustration of the field of design as a fascinating combination of art, industry, aesthetics and usability, and how Milan and Italy have become so successful in the global and modern design scene.

You can wander through the permanent exhibits in Triennale. But here, throughout the year, temporary exhibitions of design, art and architecture are also held alongside various events in those worlds.
Give yourselves a few minutes to drink coffee in the museum' s designer café, on chairs that are iconic in the history of the design world. Do not miss out on the museum's shop, with its range of designer products, along with design books, architecture and modern art. A visit to Triennale is a must for all lovers of design in general and the glorious Italian design in particular.

Enjoy!



A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://youtu.be/5jjXQ7Kfj-w


A Visit:

https://youtu.be/2j4LDCfIMqA
Museum of the Romantic Period
#About the Museum of the Romantic Period

The Museum of the Romantic Period (Musée de la Vie Romantique) is located in the ninth district of Paris, not far from the Opera House. It is surrounded by a blooming garden and rose bushes, and exemplifies the Romantic period, using art pieces and many lectures. The Romantic Museum is located near Pigalle Place in the ninth district. The museum is inside a villa built in 1830, where a Dutch artist lived name Ary Scheffer, who was the King of France's favorite painter (the last king, King Louis Philippe).

During the 19th century the villa was used as a meeting place for the elite artists, poets, composers, painters and authors. Among them: the poet Lamartine, the composer Rossini, the painter Delacriox, and the author George Sand with her lover, the composer Frédéric Chopin.After Scheffer passed away, the villa was inherited by family members, and in 1982 it became a museum dedicated to Scheffer's life works and the wild life of George Sand.

the museum's exhibits have to do with the Romantic period. The museum displays Scheffer's work from the years 1795 - 1858, the years he hosted the elite artists of his time. The atmosphere was bohemian and it is as if it froze in time, far back in the 19th century.

The house where the museum is located was built in the 18th century by the student (and family relative) of legendary Ventura Rodriguez. The museum shows a collection of furniture, musical instruments, porcelain, ceramics, different decorative items, the living room where the meetings were held, a long dining table, even the bathroom of King Fernando VII. All these things together bring to life the life styles of that period.

You will also find a magical garden to pass a little time in.



#A Short History

The small house with the garden is dedicated to its owner, Ary Scheffer, and reminds of a whole artistic movement and legendary artists of that time in the ninth district. Scheffer was a Dutch painter that arrived to Paris with his mother. He befriended Louis Philippe before he was made king, and was a teacher to the King's children. Later he was awarded a the title of Duke in the royal court. The house was built in 1830 and Scheffer built a studio for his work and for hosting.

In 1985, the family donated the house to the city, who turned it into a museum showcasing Scheffer's work in his own home. You will also find a library here that has accumulated over 4 generations. The place is also a memorial for George Sand, French author from the 19th century, a neighbor and friend of Scheffer's, who was a leading feminist. Her granddaughter saved many of her belonging, which you can find today in the lounges, which restores her original apartment.

The small museum has temporary and impressive exhibits, it is worthwhile to see when these exhibits are happening and come accordingly.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/AXh7hWSAERk
Hôtel de ville de Paris
#About Paris's Town Hall, Hôtel de Ville de Paris

The town hall of Paris is located in the fourth district and has been there since 1357. In the year 1871, during the days of the Paris Commune, the building was burned down, after France surrendered to Germany that same year. The archives, municipal library and the important document collections had a similar fate.

Even today, being a site of power and luxury, where the council of Paris sits, and where the mayors guests are welcomed, part of it is open for exhibitions.

The town square in the west front of the building, turned into a pedestrian space in the year 1982. Throughout history, this was a place of gatherings for rebels, insurgents and protestors. Some of the greatest criminals in French history met their maker here by means of hanging, decapitation and fire.

This site is recommended for lovers of history, art and architecture. A guided tour can be organized with the municipality. Visitors can visit the conference room, which was designed with inspiration of the halls of Versailles. Free art exhibits are on display and are very popular amongst tourists and locals.



#Architecture

After it was destroyed in a fire during the Paris Commune in 1871, the building was rebuilt between the years 1874 and 1882, according to the plan of the architects Theodore Boulou and Ediard Deporte. The front of the building was designed in a neo-Renaissance style, imitating the look of the burned building.

On the front side of the decorated building you can find gothic style windows and figures of 146 famous Parisian figures that have contributed to the city's art, science and politics.

The building is characterized by windows that tell a story and by many sculpted niches. The interior is filled with decorative furniture and wall hangings.

The main facade is decorated with figures that define Paris - including artists, scientists, politicians and industrialists.

In the inner courtyard, there are two bronze statues. One symbolizes art and the other, science. The main staircase leads to a ballroom and to other halls designed in a mixed "Renaissance" and "Belle Epoch" style (The beautiful era, a period of modernization and vast improvement in quality of life).



#Hotel de Ville Restaurant

One of the most expensive restaurants in the world is located right here. This Michelin three-star restaurant was managed by the couple Bridget and Benoit Valiard not too long ago. Both of them come from families with a rich culinary history. The restaurant uses fresh, high quality ingredients and the design of the place is very similar to the visuals of the food served there. Each serving at the restaurant looks just like a work of art and provides a multi-sensory experience.

In spite of the Pastoralism, a tragic story accompanies this place. In 2016, a few hours before Benoit's participation in the Michelin awards ceremony in Paris, he was found shot near his house with his hunting rifle next to him. The chef's death shocked the global culinary world. Two days after the incident, his wife, Bridget, who runs the restaurant, decided that the show had to go on and opened the restaurant to the general public. In the morning, she convened the restaurant staff and shared her plans for the future according to her husband's vision.

In December 2016, the restaurant won the "Best Restaurant in the World" title from the French Foreign Ministry's ranking the 1,000 restaurants in the world. The restaurant has a waiting list of 3 months.



#Days of the Paris Commune

This period of time, when the original Hotel de Ville was burned, was a period of innovation conducted by Napoleon the third. Napoleon appoints Baron Osman to make changes that will help Paris reach the 20th century and help it cope with its growth and with the industrial revolution.

Osman does some very dramatic things: he destroys the small alleys and builds large boulevards and new buildings instead. These are also years of architectural breakthroughs, an era of culture and intellectualism, in which artists such as Victor Hugo create. The city full is full of creation, thought and art.

In the early 70s of the 19th century, Paris once again suffered from the war between France and Germany. During the war Paris is under siege. The Persians even manage to conquer it and impose harsh taxes on France. The instability of the French government created an internal struggle and Paris suffered a revolutionary-anarchist outbreak as the Paris communes operated and controlled the city. These communes did take care of the masses and the values of equality, but damaged quite a few symbols of culture, especially those identified with the monarchy and the church which caused killings and the rule of terror. This situation put Paris in a difficult civil war.

In May of 1871 there was a "Bloody Week" - the Versailles army attacked Paris, killing tens of thousands of citizens and supporters of the communes and executed some of the leaders of the communes. The peace and quiet returns to France for a couple of decades until the beginning of the twentieth century.



#Fires and Politics

During the Franco-Prussian War the building played a central role in several political events.

On the 30th of October 1870, revolutionaries broke into the building and took over the government of the National Defence, with repeated demands for the establishment of the commune government. The current government was saved by soldiers who broke into the Hotel de Ville through an underground tunnel that connected the building with the nearby barracks.

On the 18th of January 1871, crowds gathered outside the building to protest against surrendering to the Prussians. They were dispersed by soldiers who fired from nearby buildings and even hit several of them.

The Paris Commune was a Municipal authority established in Paris with the fall of the Bastille. The first mayor was Jean-Sylvain Beau and he chose the Hotel de Ville as the town hall. In 1871, when the members of the commune saw opposing forces approaching the building, they set fire to the building in order to destroy all existing public records. The building, the archives, the municipal library and the important collections of documents were burned down. The enormous flames burned the whole building from the inside, leaving only an empty shell.

Reconstruction of the town hall began in 1873 and ended in 1892 (19 years).



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/gJw_jwjKpE4
Boris Georgiev City Art Gallery
#About Varna's Art Gallery

The Boris Georgiev City Art Gallery is an impressive and modern gallery for artworks by Bulgarian and international artists, most of them from the 20th century.

No known world-class modern works are here, however, gallery is a modest yet impressive place for modern art, with a strong focus on the Bulgarian point of view on 20th-century art.

After its establishment in 1885, in 1944 the gallery moved to its current placement in the impressive neo-Gothic building, that is as fascinating as its design. In the gallery's garden visitors can also see a variety of works, mostly modernist and special sculptures.


A Gallery Exhibition:

https://youtu.be/r9u0bNPs3jw


Whitney Museum of American Art
#About the Museum for American Art

The museum was established in 1931, and has over 12,000 items of modern art, displayed in different mediums. The Whitney Museum of American Art is in New York and is one of the most popular modern art museums.

The museum was established by Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, who was a well-known sculptor and collector of American artists. By 1929, she had already collected 700 pieces of art by modern artists, and tried to show it to the general public when she offered the collection to the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Metropolitan refused the donation and requirements by Whitney. She did not let go of the motion to show her collection to the public, and decided to established a museum herself, to show her collection.

During the founding, Flora Payne, Gertrude's daughter, was the curator. As the years went by, she filled more and more important roles in the frame of the museum (President and Chairman of the Museum). The museum was kept in the family, with prominent roles being taken by Gertrude's grandchildren.

In 1966 the museum moved to Madison Avenue in Manhattan. This building was planned by architects Marcel Breuer and Hamilton P. Smith between 1963-1966. In 2015 it was moved to its current location, at the start of the High Line, planned by the famous architect Renzo Piano. Every two years the museum hosts an event called Biennale, an event dedicated to current art.



#Distress of the Musem Location

The Whitney Museum is one of the leading museums in the modern art sector, and it has many private collections. It is not by accident that it has moved too often in the past, for it lacks in display spaces, and its inability to properly display its collections to the public.

To try to solve this problem, temporary exhibits were displayed in different buildings, and openings official museum chapters around the city, but this was still not enough to give an answer to the problem. The most successful answer was a lot that was found on the southern edge of the High Line, where Renzo Piano planned the museum to contain double the display space the museum had before.

Today, the museum is located in a neighborhood that is slowly become more and more a tourist destination. The area is full of galleries, and is located in the heart of culture and entertainment. This provides the museum the opportunity to widen its crowd of visitors, and give more people the opportunity to be exposed to the respected collection.

The large spaces, inside and out, the great lighting, a new crowd of visitors - all these ensure that the museum's new location is, after all, the best for it.


#Architecture of the Museum

The Whitney Museum has existed for about 85 years. In 2015 it was opened for the fourth time, at a new location next to the High Line. The museum building was designed and planned by the architect Renzo Piano. It is interesting mostly for the division it causes its visitors.

On the ground floor, the walls are transparent and give the feeling of proximity to the street. There is an attempt to make it so the street will "walk through" the museum, and will not give an impression of change from the street to the museum. The clear glass panels are held with stainless steel cables.

Between the floors 1-4 are different museum rooms: study rooms, offices, an auditorium, and more. Between floors 5-8 you will find the display halls. The large space between the ground floor and the exhibition spaces is traversed by elevators that feed them directly to the relevant floor. The stairwells of the building are partly located in internal spaces and some are external. This allows you to look at impressive statues set against an urban backdrop. Original and unusual.

The planners and curators encourage proper use of the museum's structure, as an important tool in presenting the work and exposing it to visitors. The classic concrete floors were replaced by strips of recycled pine wood, which allow artists to use them for the purposes of the works. The exposed steel angles located along the ceiling allow heavy works to be hung. The fifth floor, the first of the exhibit floors, was built as an open space with no columns, to provide space for different installments, according to the exhibit needs.
National Museum of Art of Romania
#About the National Museum of Art

The National Museum of Art of Romania (Muzeul National de Arta) was opened in 1948. It is small and not very prominent, but is a point of interest for people who are interested in fascinating art from around Romania, and the world. Like many others, this museum is made of exhibits that are both permanent and temporary. There are about 70,000 different works of art, from all different artistic styles, periods, and artists.

The items in the gallery are divided into 3 sections: Middle Age Romanian art, modern Romanian art, and Lapidarium - an entire section that displays archeological finds. There are paintings, statues, prints, documents, decorative art, Oriental art, Islamic art, as well as Chinese and Japanese art.

In the museum you can see art pieces by artists like Bruegel, Renoir, and Dimitrie Paciurea. There is a great statue collection by the known Romanian artist Constantin Brâncuși. The Royal Romanian family transferred to the museum their private art collection.

Want something interesting? Notice the gallery in the Throne Room. There are extraordinary ceiling decorations, and portraits of the royal family from earlier periods. Very interesting.



An Impressive Light Show on the Building:

https://youtu.be/lJlDDUmVTeU
Modern Art Gallery
#The Museum of Modern Art of Milan:

Right next to the city's public gardens, on the other side of Palestro, is the Museum of Modern Art (Galleria Civica d'Arte Moderna e Contemporane). The museum is located in a magnificent palace that was converted into a museum in 1921.

The palace, which is known as the GAM, is a majestic and rich villa of historical significance since it served as the home of Napoleon Bonaparte in the city after conquering northern Italy.

The beauty and wealth of the place has since been preserved and is a suitable accommodation for the masterpieces that are exhibited there. This is undoubtedly the city's most well-known modern art museum, which focuses on art that was considered modern in the 19th century and continues to be in the 20th century.

The GAM Gallery has no contemporary and post-modern pieces of art. In the large and spectacular halls of this gallery you can see hundreds of pieces of art and artworks created by the best of the Impressionist, Expressionist and Modernist artists such as Cezanne, Gauguin, Modigliani, Max Ernst, Andy Warhol and other Italian and French artists from the modernist movements of the 19th and 20th centuries.

On the top floor of the building, you can also see neo-classical sculptures by Italian artists of the 20th century, such as Canova, Marini and others.
This gallery is a paradise for art lovers who broke the tradition of realism in the 19th century and strengthened in the 20th century. It is a place where the splendor of the past is integrated with the art of the recent past, by the artists of Italy and the world.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/xGM7fkoddW0



Another Look:

https://youtu.be/0V-Vw7yZstc
HangarBicocca
#The Excellent Gallery of Contemporary Art

HangarBicocca, launched in 2004, is a huge industrial hangar, not far from the center of Milan, which has become the center of contemporary art.

The hangar, one of the largest centers of contemporary art in Europe, displays Avant-Garde and Pop Art paintings and sculptures, made of all possible material and of every conceivable size.

The most interesting work here is a permanent installation by the artist Anselm Kiefer. The work is displayed in a dark space called "Seven Heavenly Palaces." This exhibit is just one of a number of huge exhibits by artists such as Boccalini with “Melting Pot 3.0” and “Boltanski”, which are presented here in a great way.

Notice the design work, Avant-Garde industrial style, which also characterizes the museum and restaurant shop "Bistro HB." This is the work of the renowned Italian design team Contempo, who is also responsible for the design of "Diesel" stores around the world.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/kUOWQfwO6n8
Spazio Forma
Neues Museum
Gemäldegalerie
Rodin Museum
Petko Zadgorski Art Gallery


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

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שלום,
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