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Shoreditch
Shoreditch
#The Neighborhood of Graffiti and Young Creatives

In recent years, the Shoreditch neighborhood of East London
has become one of the youngest, most colorful and vibrant neighborhoods in London. It’s hard to believe that not long ago, this trendy and sought after neighborhood populated by millennials and perceived as a vibrant artistic and cultural center, was a failed neighborhood in the city, identified by its unflattering moniker, "the Slums." However the rising housing prices in London, as well as the potential of the aging and neglected neighborhood brought young people here in droves. Thus, Shoreditch became a neighborhood that piqued interest and attracted many young people looking for the cheap and simple life in the big city, but notwithstanding cozy cafes and other charms of the neighborhood.

In fact, bars, cafes, restaurants, galleries and shops are now being opened in Shoreditch which have become a magnet for young people who come in throngs from all over the region. Naturally, this cultural change is expressed chiefly by graffiti art which covers the neighborhood’s walls in vibrant color. Every tour of Shoreditch exposes the visitors immediately to what has become the identifying symbol of this newly awakened neighborhood - the paintings of street artists and talented graffiti artists.

Shoreditch has artworks on its walls, though these are not simply inscriptions and scribbles. They are real works of art. Here you will find works by artists such as Noir, the French graffiti artist who was the first to paint on the Berlin Wall and his characters are known to graffiti enthusiasts from all over the world, StinkFish is known to spray through stencils he creates with characters he has photographed in the past. Some of Stik’s work, the world's most famous street artist, is around the neighborhood walls for admiration. There are areas that are a product of collaboration with other artists. Besides the art, it is also a form of criticism on the distortions and breakdowns in modern society, which has long become the hallmark of this mysterious and invisible art.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/OUhzNjfy8qY


Virtual visit:

https://youtu.be/xVzFuU2akJU


Bloggers with Shoreditch and other Graffiti zones:

https://youtu.be/NHj5Epx4bHk
Leighton House Museum
Leighton House Museum
#About the Museum

On the edge of Holland Park lies the studio of the Victorian master, Lord Leighton. This man lived between 1830-1896 and was the great classic painter of the President of the Royal Academy. His house was built in the 19th century and after the artist's death the house underwent several renovations and expansions.

Among the rooms in the house you will find the studio where he worked and the living room with its special tiles and textures. Rooms in the house are decorated in different styles and you can find private collections of paintings and sketchbooks. Take note of the "Arab Hall" with tiles brought directly from Damascus.

The permanent exhibit in the museum displays pictures and sculptures by Leighton and his contemporaries. However there are also temporary exhibitions of various artists, especially Arab and Muslim.
Royal Academy of Arts
Royal Academy of Arts
#About the Academy

This important British Art Institution is located in Piccadilly Circus in London.

Surprisingly, the academy was founded out of conflict. There were two leading architects, Sir William Chambers and James Payne, who argued over the leadership of the Artists' Association. Payne won and became the leader of the association and Chambers, who tried to retaliate, created a new artistic institution - the Royal Academy, which was inaugurated and opened to the public in 1769.

The academy is not funded by government funds and therefore its main sources of income is from hosting art exhibitions which are open to the public. The exhibitions are very high quality. In the permanent summer exhibition over 1,000 works are offered for sale, sometimes even by anonymous artists. The academy also has a school for art studies, painting, sculpture and prints. Only select students are accepted to the school and the curriculum is in the form of personal tutoring.

Interestingly, the number of Academy members is limited to 80 and they can only be active artists in a number of selected areas: painting, printing, sculpture and architecture. The new members are selected by the existing members. People who are not artists can be part of the academy as "friends of the Academy”. This title is bestowed after a donation to the institution, a contribution that is an important source of income for the academy.
Saatchi Gallery
Saatchi Gallery
#About the Museum

Whereas most galleries pay homage to ancient artists and classics of old, this special gallery focuses on modern, and at times anonymous, artists. This is what is special about this museum. The gallery was established in 2008 in a prestigious building, with the collaboration of Charles Saatchi, an adman and art collector, and the Phillips de Pury auction house. It is important to emphasize that it was opened earlier but was located on the southern bank of the River Thames.

The gallery, which has been around for 25 years, is located on the prestigious Chelsea Street and receives approximately 1.5 million visitors each year. It is a small building, and its three floors can be viewed within an hour. Its large, light-flooded white spaces invite visitors for a pleasant and enriching tour.

The entrance to the gallery and exhibitions are free of charge, occasionally there are closed events for the public or for paid exhibitions.



#Charles Saatchi

The founder and owner of the gallery was a collector and dealer of art. In 1985 he opened the gallery to display his collections. The original collections presented in the gallery had many works of art, mainly by British and American artists. Later, the gallery expanded to a show of artworks from around the world, including Chinese art.

During his years in the gallery, Saatchi sold many items from his original collection. He supported young artists and invested in a new generation of British artists, some avant-garde artists, whom he financed and promoted. One of the best-known artists of the time was Damien Hirst in 1988.



#Rolling Stones Exhibition

An exhibition was held here in 2016 of more than 500 art objects, costumes, rare recordings and a behind-the-scenes peek at the famous Rolling Stones. The exhibition spanned over the two upper floors of the gallery, and the visitors were able to enjoy an interactive and enriching tour of the band’s journey over time. This gallery took three years of work to put together. The exhibition's reference, incidentally, is less to the band members and more to the accessories they used, their instruments and their objects.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zZ6asMnc3D4

Art in London

The Wallace Collection
The Wallace Collection
#About the Museum

The Wallace Collection is in close proximity to Oxford Street in London. In this art museum you will find the private collections of Sir Richard Wallace, whose first items were collected by Hartford's third and fourth Marquis. The collection was given to the British government by Wallace's widow in 1897 and it was opened to the public in 1900. The museum is located in Manchester Square.

There are 28 rooms in the museum with a warm and intimate environment. China pieces, armor of various kinds and French furniture fill the rooms. Among other things, you will also see oil paintings by Titian, Canaletto, Rembrandt and Gainsborough.

The museum also has a conservation department where you can learn about the traditional production of furniture and armor. The coolest secret for children and young souls is the opportunity to experiment with the fascinating collection of armor of all kinds, spears, swords and other ancient weapons. If you like, you can wear a helmet and armor, snap a photo and feel their heavy weight.



#A Visit to the Museum

Visiting the museum will make you feel as if you are touring an old and nostalgic palace, but luxurious and impressive all the same. A large indoor lawn fills the first floor, used for holding events. In the other rooms you will encounter designs from different historical periods: the Victorian period, the Renaissance period and more. Fascinating items such as war tools, armor and other items are scattered through the rooms. The souvenir shop offers catalogs and copies of exhibits for sale.

Notice the charming work "The Swing," which was painted by the painter Fragonard in 1767.

There is no entrance fee though it is customary to leave a tip in the donation box at the entrance. Fans of art and culture will enjoy a visit in this museum, though it is not well known among tourists.



A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://youtu.be/LnC3eM59tdg
Sir John Soane's Museum
Sir John Soane's Museum
#About The Archeology Museum

At the "Soane" Archeology Museum you will find some of London's most spectacular treasures. This museum displays illustrations and models of buildings designed by the British architect John Soane. Among the exhibits you will find archaeological collections of his. The museum is located in the Holborn neighborhood of central London. Sir John had left the house and all its collections of art to the British nation.

The museum was established while Sir John was still alive. After his passing, the British Parliament enforced a law determining that the house should be preserved exactly as it was in his lifetime. The law is still valid to this day. In the 19th century the museum expanded. Today this area serves as the museum's offices, library and gallery for temporary exhibitions as well.

In this museum you will find approximately 30,000 architectural illustrations and works of art, models and sculptures, paintings
and other works. The sarcophagus of Pharaoh Seti I is kept in the
cellar of the museum. In addition to the collections and artworks, there are also temporary exhibitions on various subjects, including the areas in which Sir John was interested.

Today the museum also serves as a national center for the study of architecture.



#Architecture and Construction

One of the most prominent features of the rooms in the museum
is the use of illumination. This is an original idea of Soane that he invented while planning the rooms in the Bank of England (the building where the United Kingdom Central Bank is located). Due to the special museum structure, in which the walls of the exhibition rooms are movable, it is possible to view several pictures simultaneously and rotating the display structure easily and efficiently.

The breakfast room, where you will find a concave ceiling with mirrors, was an influential feature on contemporary interior designers at the time. The museum's library is built in the Gothic style.

The house as it is today, lures the visitors into the atmosphere of Sir John Soane.



#Sir John Soane

Architect John Soane was born in 1753 and achieved a respectable career during his lifetime.

Sir John Soane decided to build his house on the north side of Lincoln’s Inn. He bought three houses adjacent to each other and rebuilt them for this purpose. Shortly after his appointment as professor of architecture at the Royal Academy, he purchased the building where the museum is located - house number 13. Originally, the house was supposed to serve him as an office.

His wife passed away in 1815, and he remained alone in the house, continuing to develop his collections and works.

In 1823, when he was 70 years old, he purchased the adjacent building, number 14, and expanded it to the museum grounds, significantly increasing them in size. Sir John Soane passed away in 1837.



A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m3Nn7KuuzRA
The National Gallery
The National Gallery
#About the National Gallery- the Museum for British and European Art

The National Gallery is located in Trafalgar Square and has 2,300 works of art dating between the 13th to 19th centuries. The museum was founded in 1824. Its purpose is to encourage appreciation of the art British citizens and other artists around the world. The building itself is built in the style of a Greek temple and is very special.

The museum's collection began when the British government purchased 36 photos from the banker John Julius. Over the years, the collection grew through additional donations and acquisitions. The collection belongs to the entire British public and therefore the entrance is free, though it is customary to donate an entrance fee in favor of the museum.

The exhibits follow chronological order: the earliest works will be found in the Sainsbury Wing, inaugurated in 1991 with natural lighting and optimal conditions. The later works, from 1500 onwards, will be found in the three wings of the old building.

Today you can find some spectacular and exciting works in the gallery halls. Make sure to find the "Portrait of Pope Julius II", Botticelli's "Venus and Mars," "The Madonna of the Carnations," "The Crucifixion" by Raphael, "The Madonna" by Leonardo da Vinci, "Venus in the Bathroom" by Velazquez, and others.



#The National Gallery

Over 2,000 masterpieces are exhibited in the National Gallery, among them Van Gogh's "Sunflower" painting. This is one of the most important galleries in the world, evident by the many pieces by famous artists. The most dated pieces of art in the museum are from 1250 and the newest ones are from the 20th century.

The first collection the British government purchased for 57,000 pounds was a collection of 36 works when the gallery opened in 1824. The collection, which belonged to a banker named John Julius, was the foundation for the impressive collection in the gallery today.

Over the years additional works arrived in the form of donations or acquisitions, which enriched the growing collection. In 1838, the collection was moved to the large and impressive building in Trafalgar Square. The location suited both the upper and lower classes, so it seemed that this area was perfect for the establishment of the gallery.

In 1906 it was acquired by the gallery "the Rokeby Venus" by the National Art Collections Foundation. In 1914, it was damaged as part of Mary Richardson's political protest over the arrest of Emilia Pankhurst as part of the campaign to grant women's rights.



#Architecture of the Gallery

John Nash was the architect who proposed building the designated building for the National Gallery in Trafalgar Square. He purposely wanted to establish it where the royal stables had been. As part of an architecture competition which took place in 1832, Nash offered the plan for the building, but another architect, William Wilkins, won the competition. Initially the building served both the National Gallery and the Royal Academy. Due to budgetary and planning constraints, its original plan was changed. Another reason was the museum's many critics.

It was determined that the space was too small to contain two large institutions in and therefore only the National Gallery remained.
Over the years, and with the expansion of the collection, additional sections of the gallery were built. The most important of all is the Sainsbury Division, which opened in 1991.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9jxxHLQzRmM
National Portrait Gallery
National Portrait Gallery
#About the Portrait Gallery

The gallery displays portraits of important figures in British history. The gallery was established in 1856 and in its early years presented mainly kings, statesmen and generals. However in time, temporary exhibitions were opened offering a variety of color and other interesting figures. Amongst the portraits: William Shakespeare, Paul McCartney, Princess Diana, Charles Darwin, King Edward VI and many others.

Though the gallery is surrounded by equally significant museums (the National Gallery and the Tate Modern), is considered one of London's most important art museums. The locals arrive mainly for nighttime showings on Thursdays and Fridays.

The gallery moved to this very place in 1896. In the following years, two more wings were developed. The gallery houses over 11,000 paintings, 220,000 photographs, sculptures and various multimedia exhibits. Though the building was destroyed during World War II as a result of a German attack, it was restored relatively quickly.


The Cartoon Museum
The Cartoon Museum
#About the London Museum for Comic Art

This interesting comic museum has over 1,500 drawings, 3,000 books and 1,200 visual images from a 300-year period spanning the British heritage of humorous paintings.

On the first floor, children will be interested mainly in the characters of comics and animation. However, you can also find exhibits that appeal to adults, such as scandalous comic drawings depicting the exploits of Tony Blair and George Bush. Among the works in the museum's collection you will find some of the most famous cartoons. There are also three-dimensional works in the museum on loan.
Tate Modern
#About the Museum of Modern Art of Britain

The Tate Modern is a Museum of Modern Art, and a section inside the Tate Gallery. Is one of the most prestigious and valued museums in the world and has made the entire South Bank region a particularly trendy area.

The museum is located inside the Bankside Power Station, built in 1947-1963 by architect Giles Gilbert Scott. It was only after the station was shut down in 1981 that the building was redesigned and turned into a museum by the architects Herzog and De Meuron. The appreciation of architecture is an integral part of the museum's visit. The museum opened in 2000. Among the exhibits, you can find works by Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dali and Andy Warhol.

On the first floor, you will pass through the impressive Turbine Hall. On the second floor is a café surrounded by transparent windows through which you can take in the beautiful view of the Thames. Though we are accustomed to museums displaying their exhibits by historical periods, in this museum you can walk around on the third, fourth and fifth floors, which are arranged according to themes. On the third floor, you will find mostly abstract art and expressionism, while the fifth floor features conceptual and minimalist works of art.



#Turbine Hall

On the first floor, you will find a large hall called the "Turbine Hall" since it used to be the turbine of the power plant. Due to the height of the hall (5 stories) and its wide area (3,400 square meters), very large pieces can be displayed in the hall.

Turbine Hall is the nexus of visitors, a place to rest and the heart of the entire structure. It is in this point that the traffic to and from the museum leaves and enters. It certainly provides a special experience.

Due to its enormous size (it makes up almost half of the entire building), the space allows for a display of large and impressive works. Up to 2012, “The Unilever Series” was exhibited in the hall, which was exposed in 2000. Note the spider at the entrance to the museum and the silver slides you can take to the lower floor.



#Tate Modern for Tourists

The Tate Modern, located at the end of the Millennium Bridge, brings 5 million visitors a year and is one of the most successful museums in the world. When the Queen of England first opened the gallery in 2000, no one imagined it would be such a spectacular success. The museum succeeded in increasing the prestige of the entire region and even led to a significant increase in property prices.

Items from 1900 until today are exhibited in the museum, and the entrance to the permanent exhibitions is free. If you decide to add a view to the temporary exhibitions there is a special fee for entry. A tour of the entire museum takes over an hour and a half to two hours for the average tourist, but art lovers can find themselves drifting here for a whole day. The museum tries to encourage the arrival of children and therefore offers various activities and guided tours (free) on a daily basis.

Tourists arrive by public transport and not in a private vehicle, because the entire area is jammed and parking is free. Young people enjoy a nighttime visit to the museum (it is open until 22:00). It is highly recommended to combine the museum visit with the interesting sites nearby - the Globe of Shakespeare, the London Bridge and the Borough food Market.



#The Basement Floor

One of the museum's most interesting spots is the basement, which is a nostalgic remnant of the original power station. On this floor you can see the three huge gas tanks made of concrete.

The reason why archeology was expressed in the structure lies, of course, in the selection of the architects Herzog and de Meuron, who discovered and exposed interesting underground spaces during their excavation. The architects used what they found inside the tanks: the sloping concrete columns and concrete openings that emphasized the special nature of the containers themselves. These spaces were the first to be designed specifically for the stronghold itself.

From the basement level you can ascend to the ground floor by a spiral staircase.



#The Museum's New Wing

The Swiss architects Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron accepted the project of expanding the museum. The new wing was built as the Switch House. The purpose of the nickname was to illustrate the difference from the existing structure of the power station, called the Boiler House.

According to the plan, the new wing was supposed to be inaugurated in 2012, but the design plans encountered quite a few objections, causing the architects to adjust their plans. In addition, those years suffered from an economic crisis, which did not help promote the project, only delaying it.

The new wing consists of 10 floors, but there were several challenges and limitations that eventually led to the pyramid shape that characterizes the new wing of the building. The factors taken into account were the angles of the streets that enclosed the building, the height restrictions imposed on it to avoid harming the sunlight of nearby buildings, an attempt not to damage the view of central London, and especially not harm the view of the dome of St. Paul's Cathedral.

The wing was built by concrete from the factory, but was assembled here, at the construction site. The architect, Giles Gilbert Scott, planned the taut front on the concrete. The idea was to create a kind of detachment between the entrance and the concrete structure itself - and therefore the architects omitted the bricks from the front, so that light and refreshing air would enter the building. The missing bricks create the illusion of lace and add value to the wide surfaces within the structure. The architects say they wanted to provide a different perspective on the art within the museum. This was also the reason they chose traditional construction materials, yet looked for a different way to use them.



#The Tale of a Treasure

The curator's role in the museum is to produce events that cause diverse audiences to come and view the collection at the Tate Modern Museum. The truth is, this museum is so special that it does not concern only art lovers. Even people who do not dabble in this field frequent the museum. You know, painting is just a color on canvas. It is simple and not at all complex - pigments mixed with oil. When the artist's hands touch the color, it becomes a kind of inexplicable magic for something that manages to express human emotion to another person.

On the tour of the Tate Modern Gallery, one can notice that the simplicity of the building and the spaces allows these works of art to receive the respect they deserve. The cause for his is the architecture in the entrance which draws attention, while the interior is relatively clean and does not attract much attention.



#The Roof of the Museum

One of the most beautiful and spectacular parts of the museum's new wing is its rooftop. Go up to the roof and for a glimpse of a stunning 360-degree panoramic view across central London. The urban landscape is full of tall towers and cranes.

Have you seen the movie “Rear Window”? The museum's roof will provide you with a particularly intriguing experience. Pay attention to the new Bankside luxury tower, designed by Richard Rogers and located next to the museum. The proximity to the residential tower and the great visibility on the exposed side of the tower provide a direct glimpse into the apartments of the tenants, some of which are so expensive that they cost 20 million euros.

So even though not all visitors might admit it, the thrilling spying on the luxurious apartments across the street turned into a the talk of the day on the roof of the museum. Dozens of visitors gather every day on the roof, point to the various apartments, wait to see the tenants and identify luxury pieces of furniture. It is very possible that this is one of the most interesting and popular objects in the museum, which sometimes surpasses the art inside the museum.



#Architecture

The arrangement of floors in the museum building presents a clear purpose: efficiency in the use of space rather than spaces that provide an experience for visitors. The impressive front of the building is almost never reflected inside. This is an original decision that does not characterize the usual museum architecture. It represents a statement about the gallery and the art presented in it.

The spaces are almost overcrowded, especially as the floors are higher.
In order to understand the difference, let us mention the original wing of the museum (the Turbine Hall), where the high industrial spaces provided added value in the form of a relationship between the size of the Turbine Hall and the exhibition spaces that are hidden and exposed in turn.

This, by the way, is not accidental, of course. In 2000, Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron undertook the expansion of the museum. The Swiss architects were responsible for planning the gallery and were entrusted with the project. They emphasized that the direction of the art world is very influenced by the urban environment. This was the reason they made the "brave" decision to establish the new wing within an office tower. If you walk around the gallery, you will notice the difference between the original wing and the new and corporate wing.
Victoria and Albert Museum
#About the Museum

The Victoria and Albert Museum excels in designing items, and here you will find the largest collection in the world of decorative arts. The original purpose of the collection was to inspire creators at the time. Even with its artistic edge, the museum is not intended only for art lovers, but also those interested in anthropology and getting to know a wide variety of cultures.

The museum was established in 1852, and at first was called The South Kensington Museum, for its location in the Kensington neighborhood. At first it was established as a continuation of a large exhibition that took place in London in 1851, at the initiative of Prince Albert, Queen Victoria's husband. In 1899 the museum received its owner's name.

The museum building was built in the Edwardian and Victorian style, and this is largely felt by looking at the windows and overhead arches.

In the 145 galleries, each with its own characteristics, you can find over 4 million items displayed. The Middle Ages and Renaissance galleries, the statue, jewelry, fashion, and furniture galleries – all these are just a few of the large amounts of displays here. In the heart of the building you will find a beautiful garden that is pleasant for a walk.

The total area of the building is 45,000 square meters.

Between 10:30 am to 3:30 pm there are free tours around the museum.



#The Museum's Courtyard

In the museum you will find two covered courtyards, called the Molding Garden, where you will find plaster moldings of statues, friezes, and coffins. All these were especially brought over to London, for artists to learn from, and be inspired by. One of the most famous piece of art is there Trajan's Column, whose height is so large it was cut into two.

With the years, many of the original pieces of art were damaged, and so the Victoria and Albert Museum is one of the only places to still see some of the works of art, exactly as they appeared in the 19th century.
Serpentine Gallery
#About the Gallery of Modern and Contemporary Art

The Serpentine Gallery is located in Kensington Gardens in central London. This elegant building served as a tea house at the beginning of the century. The gallery opened in 1970 and in the early years only received visitors during the summer months.

In 1989 the gallery was renovated by Julia Peyton Jones, who was appointed director of the gallery. After the renovation the gallery was opened year round . The entrance is free, and the 750,000 visitors every year prove it is very popular.

The gallery offers top-notch artists and it also facilitates cultural and artistic events and community projects. The gallery features pieces by artists such as Man Ray, Henry Moore, Andy Warhol, Bridget Riley, Alan McCollum and Damien Hirst. One of the permanent pieces is an exhibit by Ian Hamilton Finlay, dedicated to Princess Diana who was a sponsor of the gallery. The work includes eight benches and a carved stone circle. Near the entrance to the gallery, a memorial site was also erected in the Princess’s memory.

Every summer an architect or artist (one or more) are invited to design a structure with a unique stabilization outside the gallery, the summer pavilion. The pavilion is opened to the public for a few months each year.

The gallery also has a bookstore, with a variety of art books and catalogs of various exhibitions.



A Closer Look at the Gallery:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WsIMdoyiG-E


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.