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Cavallo di Leonardo
Leonardo’s Horse
#The Horse that was Sculpted After 500 years

The story of Leonardo’s Horse's (Cavallo di Leonardo) statue is fascinating, almost unbelievable in terms of adoration for artists, even if it was someone as brilliant as Leonardo da Vinci.

In his life, Leonardo da Vinci was engaged in countless fields of art, science and technology. Many do not know that he also found time to sculpture and did that along with his amazing painting career.

In a sculpting project he engaged in during his youth, he reached a climax. Leonardo planned the construction of the horse for 17 years, which connected and contributed to his almost obsessive preoccupation with horses, which resulted in countless horse records and the study of their movement.

Leonardo set himself a great goal - to build the world's largest horse sculpture. At one point he managed to create a large clay model of the horse, which was placed in the courtyard of the Sforza Castle. But the French soldiers who invaded Italy in 1494 destroyed it. The Italian army also contributed to the mess by using the bronze that was meant to be used to build for weapons. Leonardo died and did not end up building the statue.

But the dream of the statue of the horse did not relent. The bronze statue you see was created only at the end of the 20th century, 500 years after Leonardo's death.

The story is amazing. The creator of it is an American art collector named Charles Dent. He heard about the story and decided to complete the plan to build the huge horse statue, as a tribute to the great artist, and to present it as a gift to the city of Milan. Dent recruited funds and a team of sculptors and experts who created the sculpture and in 1999 completed its construction. The construction of the statue was based on the drawings and plans left behind by Da Vinci. Incidentally, the American entrepreneur died before the end of the construction of the horse and his son was the director of the completion of the project.

Today, this statue is the largest horse statue in the world. It rises to a height of 7.5 meters and weighs 15 tons. The city of Milan placed it at the entrance to the city's horse racing arena, near the San Siro Stadium.

It stands on a surface of white Carrara marble, with a base made of granite. On the base stone is written: "The wind that blows between the ears of the horse is the spirit of heaven."

Statue replicas were also placed in Michigan, in the United States and a small replica in the town of Vinci in Tuscany, the town where Leonardo was born and named after.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/cIbirWS3Uck
Bagatti Valsecchi
Bagatti Valsecchi
#The Museum of Decorative and Renaissance Art

The Bagatti Valsecchi Museum is set in what was a family home in the heart of Milan. In the 19th century, it was the home of the Bagatti family, led by the baron brothers Fausto and Giuseppe Bagatti Valsecchi. Since the 1880's, the two brothers have made tremendous efforts to renovate their family home and cultivate their art collection.

In 1975, after extensive work of conservation and maintenance in the building, its rooms were opened to the public. Today, the museum houses a large collection of Renaissance artworks.

This allows a fascinating glimpse of a rich family life in Milan of the past. From antique furniture, through painted ceilings and special floor paintings, to art that includes magnificent paintings and sculptures, through a variety of special tools on display, including Murano glassware, ceramic products, carpets, artwork, ivory carvings, rare gold jewelry, carved furniture and more.
The museum has a small shop with items that were inspired by the art objects that are exhibited in the museum.



#Tips

A free audio guide is available at the museum.
Activities for children take place mainly on Saturdays. You should check the website in advance.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/VhZ-nPKd9jM



A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/V85RKtEvWXA
Triennale
Triennale Design Museum
#The Museum of Design, Art and Architecture

Even if now it has a lot of competition around the world, many see the city of Milan as the design capital of Italy and perhaps of all of Europe. So, it is only natural that its design museum will be particularly impressive.

Indeed, the Triennale Museum of Design and Architecture is one of the world's most regarded museums for design, art and contemporary architecture. Its main goal is to present the Italian design that has become famous around the world. An innovative and contrasted design whose flourishing period started at the beginning of the 20th century and carries out to this today.

There are plenty of impressive displays from the best contemporary artists and Italian designers from the past and present, along with superior furniture designers from around the world.
From the museum collection, you will learn about the diversity and innovation that has characterized Italian design throughout the generations. There is a clear illustration of the field of design as a fascinating combination of art, industry, aesthetics and usability, and how Milan and Italy have become so successful in the global and modern design scene.

You can wander through the permanent exhibits in Triennale. But here, throughout the year, temporary exhibitions of design, art and architecture are also held alongside various events in those worlds.
Give yourselves a few minutes to drink coffee in the museum' s designer café, on chairs that are iconic in the history of the design world. Do not miss out on the museum's shop, with its range of designer products, along with design books, architecture and modern art. A visit to Triennale is a must for all lovers of design in general and the glorious Italian design in particular.

Enjoy!



A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://youtu.be/5jjXQ7Kfj-w


A Visit:

https://youtu.be/2j4LDCfIMqA
Hangar Bicocca
HangarBicocca
#The Excellent Gallery of Contemporary Art

HangarBicocca, launched in 2004, is a huge industrial hangar, not far from the center of Milan, which has become the center of contemporary art.

The hangar, one of the largest centers of contemporary art in Europe, displays Avant-Garde and Pop Art paintings and sculptures, made of all possible material and of every conceivable size.

The most interesting work here is a permanent installation by the artist Anselm Kiefer. The work is displayed in a dark space called "Seven Heavenly Palaces." This exhibit is just one of a number of huge exhibits by artists such as Boccalini with “Melting Pot 3.0” and “Boltanski”, which are presented here in a great way.

Notice the design work, Avant-Garde industrial style, which also characterizes the museum and restaurant shop "Bistro HB." This is the work of the renowned Italian design team Contempo, who is also responsible for the design of "Diesel" stores around the world.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/kUOWQfwO6n8

Art in Milan

Palazzo Reale
Royal Palace of Milan
#The Royal Palace of Milan

On the left side of the Duomo, the cathedral of Milan, is the Royal Palace of Milan (Palazzo Reale). This is a magnificent palace where you can see many impressive pieces of art. If in the past the sons of nobles and kings sat here, today the Royal Palace is mainly a museum and a temple for modern art.

The Royal Palace has an area for some of the most important art exhibits and luxurious events in the city. The most impressive part of the palace is on the second floor. On this floor of the palace is the Civic Museum of Contemporary Art (Civico Museo d'Arte Contemporanea, CIMAC). It features 20th-century artworks. Among them, one can find paintings and sculptures made by famous artists such as Picasso and the Swiss painter Paul Klee. The exhibit also includes fascinating collections of art from artistic trends such as Surrealism and Futurism.

The palace is surrounded by spacious and well-tended gardens, where it is fun to spend a little while in peace.



#Tips

From the courtyard of the Royal Palace one can view a beautiful and unfamiliar angle of Milan. Here visitors can see the profile of the Duomo, the city's Central Cathedral and the most central location of the city.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/guKdrFkX0rM
Spazio Forma
Spazio Forma
#The Gallery for Those Interested in Artistic Photography

The gallery of the Spazio Forma (Fondazione Forma), is a gallery dedicated to photography and modern design. The most well-known permanent exhibition reviews the history of photography and its development as an art.

There are also various and often fascinating other exhibitions. Among them are quite a few, of course, in a city like Milan, unique fashion exhibitions.
The gallery was originally set up in 2005, in the south of the city, in the former tram station of Milan. It had moved from its previous place in Piazza Tito Lucrezio Caro.

This is a gallery for photography lovers. Some critics point out that although this is an excellent gallery, it tends to be quite spartan and does not elaborate on the photographs that are exhibited in the exhibitions that take place in it, which is also quite expensive.



#Tips

Check the site (below) to see if there is a temporary and unique exhibition that interests you during your vacation in the city.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/9RaDUuyDIzc
Last Supper
Cenacolo Vinciano
#Leonardo Da Vinci's Famous Fresco

It may be hard to believe, but one of the most famous paintings in the world is found in a dark dining room of a church, and only thanks to the meticulous reconstruction and preservation work that restored the important work from the danger of total annihilation, you are about to observe the monumental piece of art.

Because in Milan you will get the precious and exciting opportunity to see one of the most well-known, and frequently quoted pieces of art in the world. This is the fresco of Leonardo da Vinci's Cenacolo Vinciano. There are not many influential works like this, and is rightly considered one of the most esteemed artistic achievements in the history of art. Not to mention the myriad of interpretations, debates, and discussions that revolve around it.

The painting, created in 1498 by the Renaissance man and one of the greatest artists of all time, describes Jesus’s last meal, the Passover Seder, together with the twelve apostles who surround him. At that meal he would announce to his emissaries that one of them was to turn him over to the Romans.

Many believe this is the most famous mural in the world. Indeed, the painting of the dining room wall in the small Dominican convent of the Church of Santa Maria della Gracia has over the years been transformed into countless different cultural gestures, from the Simpsons to the Sopranos, the family crime series.

The church itself is very beautiful and unique. It was a Renaissance building severely damaged by the bombing of the city in World War II, in 1943, and was renovated after the war.



#About the Painting - Courtesy of Eureka Encyclopedia

"The Last Supper" is one of the most famous paintings in art history and one of the most important of Leonardo da Vinci's. It was completed at the end of the 15th century and has over the years won many cultural gestures, from artists who have created artistic gestures to TV shows such as the Simpsons and the Sopranos.

The painting probably describes what was the last Passover Seder of Jesus, with Jesus himself and his disciples. At this feast he declared that one of the twelve apostles would betray him and that he himself would die. By the way, the "Last Supper" was a subject many drew about during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.

But Leonardo's "Last Supper" was a revolution – for the first time, Jesus and the twelve apostles were painted without halos of holiness. Leonardo tried (and succeeded) to present Jesus and his men as human beings rather than celestial saints, as was customary at the time.

The picture was drawn on the wall of a convent room in the city. The painting depicting Jesus and his friends was crumbling. The reconstructions of the work, the opening of a door on the wall on which it was painted, the attempt to move to another place, and even the bombing in World War II - all severely damaged it. Even a modern attempt to recreate the painting on the wall only obscured and spoiled what was without a doubt a glorious creation. Only in the last few decades the reconstruction has been more successful and completed, which restored some of the painting's dignity.

The painting uses a special perspective that creates a sense of depth. The diagonal lines seen in the windows and the ceiling give the picture a perspective by becoming narrower, just as the eye sees the deep, three-dimensional reality. This was Leonardo's specialty and he manages to attract the gaze of the beholder to the figure of Christ in the center of the painting.

The apostles' figures are divided into triads, a hint of the Holy Trinity that is so important to the Christians. There are six apostles on each side of Jesus. Pay attention to the depth of the characters and the movement embodied in each one. Especially of the traitor, Judas Iscariot, is clearly visible. There is a literary description in which Leonardo the artist is described as one who sought "the most corrupt man in the world" to be a model for Judas in the painting. In the book, he finally finds a German merchant who suits exactly what he is looking for.



#Tips

Since only 25 visitors are allowed to see the painting at any given time, visitors must buy an entry ticket in advance on the internet. It is also recommended to get in early in the morning, especially during high tourist season, and before the tourist groups arrive and noise levels are high.

The viewing slot for the painting is only fifteen minutes.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/QUFWEAAC19c
Modern Art Gallery
Modern Art Gallery
#The Museum of Modern Art of Milan:

Right next to the city's public gardens, on the other side of Palestro, is the Museum of Modern Art (Galleria Civica d'Arte Moderna e Contemporane). The museum is located in a magnificent palace that was converted into a museum in 1921.

The palace, which is known as the GAM, is a majestic and rich villa of historical significance since it served as the home of Napoleon Bonaparte in the city after conquering northern Italy.

The beauty and wealth of the place has since been preserved and is a suitable accommodation for the masterpieces that are exhibited there. This is undoubtedly the city's most well-known modern art museum, which focuses on art that was considered modern in the 19th century and continues to be in the 20th century.

The GAM Gallery has no contemporary and post-modern pieces of art. In the large and spectacular halls of this gallery you can see hundreds of pieces of art and artworks created by the best of the Impressionist, Expressionist and Modernist artists such as Cezanne, Gauguin, Modigliani, Max Ernst, Andy Warhol and other Italian and French artists from the modernist movements of the 19th and 20th centuries.

On the top floor of the building, you can also see neo-classical sculptures by Italian artists of the 20th century, such as Canova, Marini and others.
This gallery is a paradise for art lovers who broke the tradition of realism in the 19th century and strengthened in the 20th century. It is a place where the splendor of the past is integrated with the art of the recent past, by the artists of Italy and the world.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/xGM7fkoddW0



Another Look:

https://youtu.be/0V-Vw7yZstc


Pinacoteca di Brera
Brera Art Gallery
#The Palace with the Huge Painting Collection and Art School

The Brera Art Gallery (Pinacoteca di Brera), in the heart of the bohemian district of Brera, is one of the most important museums in Milan and is considered one of the best and most important art galleries in Italy and around the world. Here you will experience an impressive display of art, displayed in an equally impressive structure.

In the gallery you will see quite a few famous works of art made by the greatest Italian painters and sculptors from the Renaissance, Baroque and up to the 20th century. Rafael and Caravaggio to Rembrandt and Francisco de Goya, some of the works here are very famous and are likely to be easily identified make visitors excited to see them.

By the way, Napoleon is the one to give credit to for having this place. During the 18th century, when he conquered Italy, he confiscated many works of art in many places and transferred them to Milan, which would become the Brera Art Gallery. As a result, the museum has grown into one of the richest and most impressive museums in the world.

The gallery, also known as the Pinacoteca Museum, is on the top floor of the Milan Art Academy. This is a 17th-century palace with a large collection of paintings, one of the most abundant in Italy. The building also houses the Di Belle Academy, the Milan Academy of Art, an art school established in 1776 by the Emperor's wife in Austria, Maria Theresa. This is an art school, considered the most important in Milan and northern Italy as a whole.



#Selected Works in the Gallery

Within the museum's vast collection there are Italian paintings and sculptures from the Middle Ages until now. There are works from the 13th to the 20th century.

Titian, Rubens, Caravaggio, Raphael and many others - you can see works by well-known and respected artists, such as the religious paintings of "Dead Jesus" by Andrea Mantegna, or Giovanni Bellini's sorrowful "Pieta". Alongside them, a number of interesting archaeological findings are found in the gallery.

There are some particularly impressive religious works in the Brera Art Gallery that should not be missed:

Hall 6 - "Cristo Morto" by Mantegna, where Mantegna painted the expression of Jesus in a very emotional way and includes an innovative painting angle for the first time, painted from the feet up.

Hall 9 - the painting of Tintoretto from 1562, "Il Ritroframeo del Corpo di San Marco." Notice Michelangelo's chilling lighting for the burial cave and the heroic positions of the characters.

Hall 24 - In the magnificent painting of Della Francesca, “La Vergine con il Bambino e Santi”, Maria sits with the sleeping baby Jesus on her knees. Saints and angels surround her and next to her, kneeling, is Duke Federico. A masterpiece of meticulous description, great use of geometrical perspective, gentle lighting and great picture design, along with icons like the egg, a symbol of birth, and shells as a symbol of life.

Hall 24 - Raphael's "Sposalizio della Vergine," painted when he was 21, is a masterpiece of Renaissance art, which is expressed in amazing abstract symmetry and amazing dramatic movement.

Signorelli's "Flagellation" demonstrates a moment of dynamic action when the tortured six are whipped. The lashers lift the whip that is about to land on Jesus' chest. A wonderful description of a position for the same character, from different directions.



#Tips

Entrance is free under the age of 18.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/1oXneQqTAmI



The Gallery's Architecture:

https://youtu.be/MxUNMzaKEo0
MUDEC
#The Museum of Cultured Civilizations of Milan

The MUDEC, the Museum of Cultures of Milan, is the city's cultural museum. There are permanent and changing exhibitions of diverse cultures from the past and the present, from all over Europe and the world.

MUDEC stands for "Museo delle Culture". With more than 7,000 exhibits from around the world, the museum’s goal is to bring the Italian public closer to the cultures of the foreigners living in Italy and to the different cultures of Milan.
The museum's permanent collection was born from an ethnographic collection of objects previously collected by Italian missionaries and travelers from around the world. Its goal is to be an anthropological center for the presentations of living cultures, and today it also holds many exhibits from present cultures from all over the world.

Located 3 kilometers southwest of the city center and the Duomo, the museum is housed in a huge and impressive building in its modernist design. The museum's modern and unique architecture is a worthy and intriguing place to visit for an enthusiast of cultures and anthropology.



#The Museum's Architecture

The MUDEC was built on the ruins of a factory where iron locomotives were used for trains. At one point the municipality of Milan bought it and asked for proposals from architects to turn the building into a museum. The winner was the British architect David Chipperfield, who was tasked with designing the industrial building and designing it for use as a museum.

The result is beautiful and incredibly modern. Chipperfield was able to create a flowing and contemporary structure, light and prominent, but clean enough to allow and respect the exhibits and items shown here.

A staircase leads the visitors up to the amorphous entrance hall rising from the street level, which is clearly shapeless. This flowing, soft nature is enhanced by the bright light that enters through the sealed glass from which it is made.

Visitors enter from the bright entrance to dark exhibition halls, reminiscent of private exhibition rooms from the past. In such dark rooms the rich Europeans used to boast and impress their guests with rare and expensive objects brought from afar. This is how the modern museum corresponds to the aristocratic past and the pre-museum exhibition, and it is still fascinating to present exhibits from the cultures of the present era, as well as from ancient cultures in the past.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/ev9ixJT-Ykk


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.