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Whitney Museum of American Art
Whitney Museum of American Art
#About the Museum for American Art

The museum was established in 1931, and has over 12,000 items of modern art, displayed in different mediums. The Whitney Museum of American Art is in New York and is one of the most popular modern art museums.

The museum was established by Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, who was a well-known sculptor and collector of American artists. By 1929, she had already collected 700 pieces of art by modern artists, and tried to show it to the general public when she offered the collection to the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Metropolitan refused the donation and requirements by Whitney. She did not let go of the motion to show her collection to the public, and decided to established a museum herself, to show her collection.

During the founding, Flora Payne, Gertrude's daughter, was the curator. As the years went by, she filled more and more important roles in the frame of the museum (President and Chairman of the Museum). The museum was kept in the family, with prominent roles being taken by Gertrude's grandchildren.

In 1966 the museum moved to Madison Avenue in Manhattan. This building was planned by architects Marcel Breuer and Hamilton P. Smith between 1963-1966. In 2015 it was moved to its current location, at the start of the High Line, planned by the famous architect Renzo Piano. Every two years the museum hosts an event called Biennale, an event dedicated to current art.



#Distress of the Musem Location

The Whitney Museum is one of the leading museums in the modern art sector, and it has many private collections. It is not by accident that it has moved too often in the past, for it lacks in display spaces, and its inability to properly display its collections to the public.

To try to solve this problem, temporary exhibits were displayed in different buildings, and openings official museum chapters around the city, but this was still not enough to give an answer to the problem. The most successful answer was a lot that was found on the southern edge of the High Line, where Renzo Piano planned the museum to contain double the display space the museum had before.

Today, the museum is located in a neighborhood that is slowly become more and more a tourist destination. The area is full of galleries, and is located in the heart of culture and entertainment. This provides the museum the opportunity to widen its crowd of visitors, and give more people the opportunity to be exposed to the respected collection.

The large spaces, inside and out, the great lighting, a new crowd of visitors - all these ensure that the museum's new location is, after all, the best for it.


#Architecture of the Museum

The Whitney Museum has existed for about 85 years. In 2015 it was opened for the fourth time, at a new location next to the High Line. The museum building was designed and planned by the architect Renzo Piano. It is interesting mostly for the division it causes its visitors.

On the ground floor, the walls are transparent and give the feeling of proximity to the street. There is an attempt to make it so the street will "walk through" the museum, and will not give an impression of change from the street to the museum. The clear glass panels are held with stainless steel cables.

Between the floors 1-4 are different museum rooms: study rooms, offices, an auditorium, and more. Between floors 5-8 you will find the display halls. The large space between the ground floor and the exhibition spaces is traversed by elevators that feed them directly to the relevant floor. The stairwells of the building are partly located in internal spaces and some are external. This allows you to look at impressive statues set against an urban backdrop. Original and unusual.

The planners and curators encourage proper use of the museum's structure, as an important tool in presenting the work and exposing it to visitors. The classic concrete floors were replaced by strips of recycled pine wood, which allow artists to use them for the purposes of the works. The exposed steel angles located along the ceiling allow heavy works to be hung. The fifth floor, the first of the exhibit floors, was built as an open space with no columns, to provide space for different installments, according to the exhibit needs.
The New Museum of Contemporary Art
The New Museum of Contemporary Art
#About the Museum for Contemporary Art

The museum was established in 1977 by Marcia Tucker. In the past it began operating in different places around the city, and only 30 years later did it arrive at this great building. The museum is in the Soho area, and is all dedicated to the contemporary arts. The museum building opened in 2007, in a series of events that were meant to commemorate 30 years for the museum.

The architecture of the building is very unique. It looks like 6 cubes placed on top of another. The color is bright in contrast to the other buildings in the area, and you will easily recognize it. The interesting design was planned by Japanese architects, and cost $62 million to build.

The museum began collecting in 2000, while putting an emphasis on emerging artists from around the world, on modern paintings and unique styles. The museum is proud especially in its exhibits having to do with social justice and politics, racism and other social movements.

On the top floor of the museum there is a wonderful view overlooking the area.
Children's Museum of the Arts
Children's Museum of the Arts
#About the Museum

What a pleasure to take the little ones to a museum dedicated to them! The Children's Art Museum in New York is suitable for children from 10 months to 12 years. Children here will find themselves creating together with art teachers paintings, sculptures, textile works, stop motion, animations and more.

All these are part of the mission that this wonderful museum has taken upon itself - to promote love and understanding of art among children. The museum also includes programs for children with learning disabilities, adopted children or those who have no home.

The Children's Museum of the Arts was established in 1988 by Kathleen Schneider. It was placed in Charlton Street in New York, and spread on 10,000 square meters. The museum preserves over 2,000 items of children art, created in 50 countries starting in 1930.

The museum is considered to be a great attraction for the whole family, especially if the family enjoys art and art education. Have fun!
The Frick Collection
The Frick Collection
#About the Museum

This special museum, located at the palace of a rich industrialist, Henry Frick, is considered one of the most beautiful museums in the city. Henry Frick was a great art collector, that was also the head of the company Carnegie Steel. The palace was the prestigious home of his family members, and the most grandeur in the area, even though almost all the homes on Fifth Avenue were mansions or private exclusive clubs.

The impressive artistic collection, with about 1,000 items, the entire family collected together. Among the collections are ancient furniture and art pieces by famous artists such as Degas and Rembrandt. The pieces are scattered throughout the 16 halls of the museum.

The museum itself is small and pretty and was designed by architects Carrère & Hastings in 1914. In 1935 the architect John Russell Pope expanded the building to fit it to a place for the public. The building is in the neo-Classic style, and the garden was planned according to the model of a Roman atrium, with palm trees in the garden. In the courtyard, you will also see a round music hall used for concerts and conferences.




A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/_SEtCYsD-WA


Walkthrough of the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DO3rGlSZuQg

Art in New York

Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum
#About the Museum Whose Building Became an Icon

This interesting spiral building, a museum for modern art, was inaugurated in 1959, and it is named after Solomon R. Guggenheim. He initiated the establishment of the museum in order to display the rare collection of art he owned.

The special design of the building is the creation of American architect Frank Lloyd Wright, and there is no doubt that the building's exterior draws many visitors to enjoy the beauty. The building is a cultural symbol, and an icon for architecture that is modern and new, creative and curious.

Though its beauty, many criticize the design of the building which brings with it failures, and lack of conformity to its location. For its spiral shape, observing the art inside is not completely straight, but crooked, what can be difficult to see the art in the same perspective that the artist was aiming for. The ceilings in the Guggenheim Museum are lower than usual, and some say this gives a sense that paintings and other art do not receive the respect they deserve.

A few years after Wright passed away, in 1992 the building underwent renovations, where more floors were added to the museum, with higher ceilings. There the pieces of art were moved that required bigger spaces.

In the museum you will find works by a variety of talented artists: Chagall, Picasso, Kandinsky, and more. Most of the collections include paintings, though there are also statues. On the fifth floor you will find a balcony with a view of Central Park.



#The Guggenheim Museum's Design

The Guggenheim Museum in New York was designed by the well-known architect Frank Lloyd Wright. Wright took 700 sketches and 15 years until he was able to arrive at what he had wanted - a building that was different than all the 'boxes' around, the same old buildings of New York.

Indeed, the structure of the Guggenheim Museum in New York has a unique shape that many consider an art piece no less important than the abstract works that are presented inside. The rounded shape, asymmetrical, irregular, and whose wide part is precisely above, is unforgettable. It was also the first museum where the gallery flows through- no floors and no rooms, but only one space curving a gentle slope down the building, up to the entry level.

What made this magic possible, is the design of the structure according to the Fibonacci series, and according to the Golden Ratio. Just like the nautilus shell, the oldest shell that still exists in the world and has not changed since the dinosaur period. The idea was accepted by the architect after a wealthy Baroness, who commissioned the work, demanded that the structure be rounded. From here the road was short for imitation of the nautilus shell, all calculated on the basis of the Fibonacci principle. It is a principle based on the Golden Ratio, the most effective form of nature for reduced replication.



A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a51J5hzHg4U


A Tour of the Museum:

https://youtu.be/FWFeDzKGA78


Stunning Screening on the Museum's Spiral Structure:

https://youtu.be/osc8Gvz40C4
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Metropolitan Museum of Art
#About "the Met" Art Museum

For art enthusiasts, a visit to the Metropolitan Museum of Art is more than necessary. Though the full name of the museum is the Metropolitan Museum of Art, people refer to it by its nickname, the Met. It is one of the largest and most important museums in the world. It is located on 'Museum Avenue' in New York City.

The museum opened in 1872, and is on the eastern side of Central Park. In the permanent exhibits of the museum there are more than three million displays that surveys human cultures for the past 5,000 years, from the prehistoric period up to today.

In the Metropolitan Museum you will find art in many categories, classical, ancient, Asian, Oceanic, African, Islamic and modern. All this is displayed in no less than 19 huge halls, each one dedicated to a different topic.

Keep in mind that the museum is large and the visit may take time. This experience requires meticulous planning and decisions about what to give up and what to see, but if you have limited time, it is recommended to arrive at the Temple of Dendur located in the Egyptian wing. The structure was copied and presented just as it was in Egypt in 1967.

Among the recommended ones here are the European Sculpture Garden and the rooms devoted to the paintings of Vermeer and Rembrandt. The museum also offers free guided tours, which are carried by volunteers and museum staff.



A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://youtu.be/OTsqUNGFYlM



A Tour:

https://youtu.be/81cOWV3-xxs
MOMA
MoMA
#About the MoMA - Museum of Modern Art

You do not have to be an art enthusiast to tour this art museum. You can come to soak in the atmosphere, enjoy the aesthetics and the nostalgic smell of art. The Museum of Modern Art (referred to as the MoMA), is considered one of the best art museums in the world, and it is highly recommended to visit here.

The idea for establishing this museum came from "The Ladies," three well-standing women, who really wanted to create the largest modern art museum for the residents of New York.

The MoMA, built in the 1930's, was planned by Edward Durell Stone and built by Philip Goodwin. The museum was first opened to visitors in 1929. In the 1950's and 1960's a serious renovation took place here by architect Philip Johnson, who added the wonderful garden with benches. Between the years 2002 and 2004, more renovations took places as the museum doubled its size.

You can find here permanent displays, as well as temporary displays of various themes: design, photography, and sculptures. Among the displays you can see that the museum is not short of first-class art, like Vincent Van Gough's "Starry Night," Pablo Picasso's "Les Demoiselles d'Avignon," Salvador Dali's "The Persistence of Memory," Claude Monet's "Water Lilies," Paul Cézanne's "Les Grandes Baigneuses," and more.

In addition to displays, you can arrive daily for screenings of avant-garde, classic American, and European movies.



#Tips

The entrance is free daily between 4:00 pm and 8:00 pm. It is a little crowded at this time, so try to get a place at the start of the line.


A Closer Look at the Modern Museum:

https://youtu.be/BDwxeGEeXeY


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אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
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