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Varoulko
Varoulko
#About the First Michelin Star Restaurant in Greece

The Varoulko restaurant, not only considered one of the most expensive in Athens, is also one of the highest quality in Athens. It is located on Piraeus Avenue in central Athens. You will find authentic fish and seafood dishes, freshly baked fish in the oven, fish soup, grilled octopus salad, probably due to its proximity to the sea and its quality raw materials. The desserts in the restaurant are amazing.

An interesting story is about the chef of the restaurant, Lefteris Lazarou. His father was a cook on a Greek fishing boat and gave his son the special love for cooking and fish in particular. Lefteris went to study in Italy and when he returned he set up a small restaurant on the water in Piraeus. After moving to several different neighborhoods, the restaurant won one Michelin star. The great advantage of Varoulko stems naturally from its proximity to the sea and the quality raw materials that come from it.

In the first years, the restaurant won publicity, especially thanks to squid soup with leeks prepared by the talented chef and thanks to the Kalamari dish in Pesto. But in addition to the octopus and squid soup, you'll find plenty of great fish and seafood dishes here. Freshly baked sea fish, excellent fish soup, grilled octopus salad and similar dishes are also served here, mostly based on the Piraeus fisherman's sea. Along with all these, the desserts in the restaurant are tasty and some will even say amazing.
Psaras
Psaras
#About the Ancient Restaurant in Plaka

After walking around the snaking streets of Plaka, it's worth it to descend the stairs of steep stone, to Erechtheus Street, and eat at Psaras. This is an ancient and wonderful Greek taverna, that argues to be the oldest restaurant in Athens.

This is one of the most beautiful and pleasant restaurants in Athens. The atmosphere is great, the staff is friendly, helpful, and efficient, the place is clean, and the food is excellent.

But the ancient atmosphere here is only a part of what makes it so great. In Psaras you can have a traditional Greek dinner, with good vibes. For those sitting outside on the terrace towards the view of Athens, you can imagine how Athens looked 200 years ago before the modern buildings existed here. Eat here with the relaxing bells ringing from church towers, and small birds coming to your table to steal crumbs. Sometimes a little annoying, but heart-warming. Those who are not interested can always eat inside.

The dishes here are delicious with a side of some fish and seafood. You can find rice, salads, and fresh vegetables. We recommend ordering the specialty Greek dishes from the menu, like Dolmas and dishes with eggplant.


#Tips

It's recommended to come here for dinner during the sunset, on the terrace on the top floor, where the view is incredible.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/sq5zSqX-Nho
Hadrian's Arch
Arch of Hadrian
#About the Gate that was Built for the Visit of the Roman Emperor in Athens

The Arch of Hadrian is a victory gate that was built in the 2nd century, for the honor of the Roman Emperor Hadrian. The gate was built before the visit of Hadrian in the city around the year 132 BC.

The location of the gate is in walking distance of Syntagma Square, which makes it a central place in the modern city of Athens. In Roman Greece, it was built on the ancient road that connects between the ancient city center, with the Ancient Agora of the Acropolis, and the Olympieion, and the south-east side of the city.



#The Gate's Architecture

The height of the Arch of Hadrian is 18 meters, 12.5 meters wide, and 2.3 meters in depth.

It is interesting that the gate was not a part of a wall around the city, but a gate and arch on its own, along the road. During the Turkish Ottoman rule in the 18th century, the Turks combined the gate with a protective wall for self-protection that they built, against a possible Albanian invasion.

At the top of the arch, Corinthian columns were added to the sides of the walls.



#Writings on the Gate

Two carvings are on the back of the arch. On the west side is written, "This is Athens, the old city of Theseus," and on the east side it says "This city is of Hadrian and not Theseus."

The writings show that the arch was built it seems on the dividing line of Ancient Athens, to the west of the new city of Hadrianoupolis, and on the East side, Theseus.

Some see these carvings as a sort of declaration, of Hadrian, as the hero of the new Athens, and the one who replaced Theseus.



A Closer Look at the Arch of Hadrian:

https://youtu.be/pd-TUgUzzyw
Dionysus Theater
Dionysus Theater
#About the Ruins of the European Theater on the Foothills of the Acropolis

On the southern foothills of the Acropolis is the Dionysus Theater, and not far away is another theater, of Herodes Atticus.

When the Dionysus Theater was built, in the 4th century BC, it was built instead of an older theater that stood here. Today, only 20 rows have survived, less than a third of the original amount, which was 64 rows. In ancient times, this was a place to come and see plays, the theater could fit about 15,000 people, and it is estimated that about 17,000 would sit here at one point.

The Dionysus Theater had a role in the history of theater. Right here, in the ancient theater over which it was built, the greatest Greek classic dramas were performed, by Sophocles, Aeschylus, Euripides and Aristophanes. In the first rows used to sit the city's dignitaries, and here some of the most famous plays were performed.

In the Roman period a new stage was built here, and even a paved area for a band. If you look through the rows of the ancient theater, you will find a seat that is decorated differently from the rest, in one of the first rows of the theater. This was the seat for the Priest of Dionysus, during the Roman rule of Athens.

The theater in the past had a covered roof made of wood, that seems to have been damaged during a fire. Either way, today both ancient theaters are used for open-air concerts, under the bright sky.



#Tips

The same entry ticket can also be used for the Acropolis and a number of other sites, besides the Dionysus Theater, the Ancient Agora, the Roman Agora, the National Archaeological Museum, and more.

The entrance is free on the first Sunday of every month, except during tourist season (July-September), they the free entrance is actually on the second Sunday of every month. Also, every Sunday between November 1st and March 31st the entrance is also free.


#Opening Hours

Summer months - 8:00 am - 7:00 pm
Winter months - 8:00 am - 5:00 pm



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/jIfLahibHxo

Athens

Aegina
Aegina
#About the Island of Pistachios, Close to Athens

The Island Aegina is 25 kilometers from Athena, and is part of the Saronic Islands of the Saronic Gulf. The beautiful and loved island is adored by the people and artists of Athens, thanks to them there is quite a lot of cultural activity in the summer nights.

Aegina is considered a heaven for pistachio lovers. Pistachios that are grown on the island are considered very special. They are marketed around Greece and even Europe. You can taste and buy then on every corner on the island in a variety of shapes, including cakes and treats based on pistachios.

In summer, well off residents from Athens come to their second homes on this island and join the hundreds of locals that work in Athens and take daily ferries to work and back.

Aegina is a quiet, peaceful and modest island, with a calm Greek character, very different from the known Cyclades Island, with the magnificent beaches like Mykonos, Paros, Naxos, or the powerful look of islands like Santorini.

The island is named after Aegina, the mother of Aeacus. According to Greek mythology Aeacus was born on this island, and was also its ruler. In the 7th century BC up to the 5th century BC sat here Aegina Polis, the city-state that was the enemy of Athens. In the 16th century, in the war of the Turks and the Venetians, the Ottoman fleet conquered the island. Turkish soldiers killed 6,000 people, including the majority of the men. They then took the women and children for forced labor. In the 19th century Aegina was the temporary capital of Greece, and then returned to its relative obscurity.

The port of Aegina is an important center of the town, also called Aegina. This is a vibrant town and peaceful town all at once, that except for its lively market, offers a variety of tavernas, cafes and different stalls. You can wander around here and spend a few nice hours, with great food, a sea breeze and peaceful Greek atmosphere, that are not crowded.



#Attractions for Entertainment for a Day Trip on the Island

In Aegina you will find one of the best gyros in Greece. The high-quality souvlaki is located in Appia 32 in Aegina. This is the main street, parallel to the port and marina.

More great tavernas can be found near the gyro mention above, in a street parallel to the marina street. Cross the famous fish market of Aegina and reach it.

In the port, you will see the single standing column from the Temple of Apollo. This temple in the past stood in the port area.

The remains of the ancient synagogue, that was on the island in the 3rd century BC, can seen behind the hotel Avrá.

Many tourists go to the beaches of the Aegina marina, the most popular on the island. A rented car or bike will bring you right to the beach and the small beach town nearby, Agia Marina.



#Tips

Aegina is connected to Athens by dozens of ferries and hovercrafts daily. Each day from 7:00 am until 7:00 pm they sail back and forth, from Piraeus to Aegina, and back - an hour-long trip by ferry, and only 40 minutes by hovercrafts.



A Closer Look at the Island of Aegina:

https://youtu.be/f6wfddN-NR0


A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/NZZJu4j5hTU



Attractions and Places in the Island of Aegina:

https://youtu.be/LiVn6COJ_4c
Agios Nikolos Ragavas
Agios Nikolaos Ragavas
#About the Byzantine Church with the Freedom Bells of Athens

The Agios Nikolaos Ragavas is a Byzantine Chapel from the 11 century, located in the northern end of the Acropolis, on the higher side of the Epimarchou.

Agios Nikolos Ragavas is used as the background to many couple's photos for their weddings. At the front of the church are columns that, in architecture speak, have a secondary use, meaning they were taken from other destroyed buildings throughout the years.

In this church was installed the first church bell in Athens, right after the liberation from the Turkish occupation. From here, the bells were first heard in 1833, to announce the liberation and freedom from the Turks.




A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/sBXSSleFml8
Stani
Stani
#About the Perfect Yogurt and Small and Warm Donuts that you Must Taste

Ready for a delicious and pampering breakfast? Stani in Omonoia Square is the perfect bakery for breakfast baked goods, cakes, desserts, great with yogurts and hand-made milk.

The yogurt prepared here is especially tasty. The preparation here is a cold milk system with yeast and a little yogurt that has been prepared for 60 years, adding to its unique and excellent taste. Order the yogurt with honey and pomegranate, a dish prepared in Greece for thousands of years.

The traditional family milk bar was established in 1931. Notice the special and delicious small donuts that are fried according to the customer's preferences- the Lokma. These hot and fresh donuts will be served with a side of sweet honey and cinnamon. This is one of the most delicious dishes that the Greek culture has contributed to the world, and is a must-try.
Temple of Hephaistos
Temple of Hephaistos
#About Athens' Most Preserved Temple

The Temple of Hephaistos is also called Hephaisteion, is one of the local sites in the Ancient Agora of Athens. It was built in 449 BC, two years before the construction of the Parthenon, on the hill of Kolonos Agoraios, that overlooks the Ancient Agora.

It is uncertain to which Greek god this temple is dedicated. There is an assumption that it is to the god Hephaestus, god of volcanos and blacksmithing in Greek Mythology, and the one who created the armor for Achilles in the epic poem 'The Iliad." Sculptures of worship of him were found in the temple, and it is important to mention that sculptures of Athena were also found, the goddess of pottery and crafts.

On the other hand, it is completely possible that the temple was dedicated to the hero Theseus. Metopes were found here, a kind of rectangular slates, containing reliefs that told his stories.

Its building, by the way, was led by the legendary Athens leader, Pericles, and it was the first temple built in Athens of marble. In the 7th century, this temple was converted to the St. George Akamas Church, with a surrounding wall. In the 19th century, protestant soldiers were buried here, who died in the Greek Independence War of 1821. In 1834 it became a museum, and at the start of the 21st century, it was restored back to its original design as a Greek temple.

Either way, Hephaisteion is considered the best-preserved temple in Athens in consideration of its old age, about 2,500 years, its condition is still completely in one piece, that enables visitors a glimpse into the past.




#The Temple's Architecture

This temple is smaller than the Parthenon, that was built two years afterward, and is very similar.

The Temple of Hephaistos is elevated around the Ancient Agora, and is in a rectangular shape, closed off on three sides. The fourth and open side lets the sunrays into the structure, straight into the temple.

The inner space of the temple is surrounded by Doric pillars on four sides. In the temple are 34 of these Doris pillars, who support the roof that has partially survived. Notice that wooden roof, with ceramic tiles above the temple.

You can see at the entrance to the temple the horizontal decorations from stone, that adorn the tops of the pillars following the entrance into the temple's hall. Notice the plaques that describe the events of the heroes of Athens, Theseus and Herakles.




A Closer Look at the Temple of Hephasitos:

https://youtu.be/qJD1EIFnOv0


Omonia Square
Omonia Square
#About the Main Square in Athens

From Omonia Square continue the few important commercial streets in Athens. This is the busiest square in the city. Once this was a luxurious and well-off square, which was the center of the commercial district of Athens of those days.

However, with the years, the fancy square got more and more run down, and completely neglected. It was then a center of crime, drug dealings, and call girls.

The situation changed when the new metro station was established in the square, and the square won a breeze of fresh air and a new start. Instead of the old stores that were here, big modern fashion boutiques settled in. In the square are also many commercial stores and cafes, and luxury hotels, in the style of the Imperial Hotel.



#Tips

The locals would say that it's not recommended to the streets behind the square at night, especially with children. When the stores close, the streets fill with many questionable characters. In general, try to avoid this area, as it is also filled with pick-pocketers.
Díporto
#About the Cheap and Excellent Worker's Restaurant Hidden in a Hole in the Wall Next to the Main Market

This modest place was opened over 140 years ago, in 1875. Its name means "two doors" - notice the two doors leading to the hidden and old basement behind the main market in Athens.

There is no sign at the entrance, there are no menus, and the service here is tough, and this place is still stirring interest. The regulars of this restaurant will not abandon the place. Generation after generation they come here, to eat the food of Kirmitzu, known in his nickname "Master Dimitri." He came here in the age of 14, in 1950, and took over ownership of the restaurant from the original owners.

As soon as you will be seated, Anstice, Kirmitzu's apprentice, will place on your table a small ice box containing a jug, with hand-made resin wine stored in huge wooden barrels around the restaurant. Every day Master Dimitri places big heavy pots full of food on the counters, and these will be the only things you can order each day. Hummus soup, Greek salad, fried sardines, and meat stews. With the main dish, there are also great fresh salads, and also the best Pava Cream you will find in Greece - plated with a thickly cut onion, black olives, olive oil, spicy green peppers and lemon slices.

Be sure not to miss out!
Ta Karamanlidika
#About the Delicatessen and Restaurant with the Traditions of Byzantine and Cappadocia

If you are in Athens looking to taste the traditional dishes of the Cappadocia region to the south - Ta Karamanlidika is the right place.

Here you can find meats and sausages, spicy and aged, local fried cheese, fish, stuffed grape vines leaves, salads, pastels and Crichini and Koloraki, sorts of Greek all around flavors. It is "warmly recommended" to order the filo dough cigars, stuffed with salami. These cigars are called "Pastordemophita," and are excellently made here. Those who are looking for a hot meal - the meat with potatoes are highly recommended, especially with a beer or wine on the side.

The place is not expensive, and if you eat a whole meal here, you will be served a wonderful yogurt dessert on the house. The waiters are nice and friendly. and the experience here is worth every euro.
Ancient Agora
#About the Market Area and the Political Center of Ancient Athens

The Ancient Agora was a market, and the main political center of ancient Athens. Here were the main merchant stores in Athens, and here big events in history occurred.

In the Agora, the center of social, cultural and political life of the city, where the schools of the biggest philosophers. One of them was lead by Socrates, and where Paul the Apostle lectured about Christianity in 49 BC. Here the famous Athens democracy was born, and nearby were theaters where the Greek tragedies evolved, the parents and grandparents of plays and movies, up to this day.

One of the main locations in the Agora, north of the Acropolis and west of Plaka, is the Hephaisteion Temple, dedicated to the Greek god of blacksmiths. This temple was built in 449 BC and is the best-preserved temple in Athens.

Not far, you can see the Stoa of Attalos, and the Church of the Holy Apostles, built in the 11th century, in dedication to Paul the Apostle.

In the museum in the Ancient Agora you can see many findings from the market throughout the years.



#What is the Greek Agora?

The Agora in Ancient Greece was a place where the locals gathered, and those from elsewhere, like all main cities of the time, to shop, tour, gossip, and hear the news.

In the Greek Agora, between shopping and conversations, assemblies and preaching, ideas were always being starts, fights, and makeups. Here was the center of town, and the main place where you can reach interesting people.




#Tips

The entrance ticket into the Acropolis, beyond entrance into all the sites at the location, also a few other sites in the area, like the Acropolis, the Museum of Archeology of Karamissos, and more.

Entrance is free on the first Sunday of each month. During the tourist season (July-September), entrance is actually free on the second Sunday of each month. Additionally, between November 1st and March 31st, the entrance is free on every Sunday of the month.



A Visit:

https://youtu.be/dPTs2Yu8k_k



An Explanation in English:

https://youtu.be/swVFXvplfDA
Monastiraki Square
#About the Square of the Flea Market

Monastiraki Square is a busy square, full of people, movement, and the honking of cars.

This square is familiar to tourists thanks to the flea market that spreads over the area. But some miss the square for its own interest. Between the smells of souvlaki and kebabs coming out of restaurants, the crowds of tourists and street performers, this square is full of action and stimulation.

In Monastiraki Square there is a small church with the same name as the square, not far, there is also a handsome fountain that is made of marble. During the past decades, renovations in the square added a metro station underneath the street. This, by the way, is considered one of the most impressive metro stations in the world.



#Tips

Beware pickpockets in the area.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/oZBQB8_v7ig


Another Look:

https://youtu.be/oIhyhUKhqMw
Monastiraki
#About the Flea Market of Athens

The flea market of Monastiraki is the most well-known flea market of Athens. It operates on Sundays since 1910 in Avissinias Square in the center of Monastiraki. Once this was the center of Ottoman Athens, and today is the area of the flea market.

Here you can try and hunt for antiques and finds. Many items and clothes are here on stalls along the sidewalks. Likewise, you can find here almost anything imaginable - antiques, jewelry, clothes, kitchen utensils, presents, vinyl records, old books, souvenirs, and more.

The ruins that can be found here can surprise even educated enthusiasts. From surprising souvenirs from World War II, and old watches, vintage items and design, old style toys and weapons, some are real antiques and some fake.

What is nice here is that it is not visited only by tourists. Also the locals of Athens love to shop in this flea market, located at the edge of the Plaka area, at the foot of the Acropolis.

In the streets of the flea market of Athens there are many tavernas, shops, restaurants and cafes.



#Tips

Though it is open all week long, the market is especially popular on Sunday.

The entrance to the market is from Ermou Street, or Ifaistou Street, and it spreads along Ermou and Pandrossou Streets.

It is permitted and even encouraged to bargain with the vendors.

Beware of pickpockets around this market.

Don't touch the archeology - it is either fake or take out of Greece illegally.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/oIhyhUKhqMw
Ermou
#About the Famous Shopping Street of Athens

From Syntagma Square to Monastiraki Square, Ermou Street is the main shopping street in Athens. Here, facing a magnificent view of ancient mountains, monuments and temples, is Athens' main shopping street in Greece.

Here are all the international brands, such as Barshka, E-Spirit, Zara, H&M, Mango and Marks & Spencer, along with hundreds of well-known local shops of Greek products and brands. Here you can buy everything. From fashion and souvenirs to luxury goods and electronics, sweets, spices and more.

But Ermou Street is not only the famous shopping street in Athens, but also the most interesting in town. The combination of a mix of international and local brands, along with a lively and illustrated pedestrian mall, right in the center of Athens, with street performances by local and foreign artists and many beautiful young people full of joy, is a winning combination.

And if you can not find enough in Ermou, at the end of the street you will find other places to shop, including large shopping centers and department stores.


A Visit:

https://youtu.be/D62HYUqWCTo


Another View:

https://youtu.be/1IILoOcsLNw
Mokka Speciality Coffee
About the Classic Greek Cafe in Athen's Central Market

The ancient Mokka Speciality Coffee, located right in the entrance to the central market in Athens, is a classic Greek cafe, that also roasts its own coffee beans.

Here, it's recommended to drink the coffee Sti Hovoli, it is Greek coffee heated in a very slow and devoted way, in a small pot.

From the whole coffee beans stage, until the coffee is prepared, there will be a whole ceremony here that will be around creating your cup of coffee. The experience is great, but not for those who want a quick cup of coffee on the go.

The coffee is usually served here, when it is accompanied with a slice of a small Turkish delight in a homemade saucer of traditional sweets called Spoon Twist. These are made from green dates, rose petals, and Bergamot oranges.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/1HVYw2VjxE0
Stoa Ton Athanaton
#About the Club that Plays Greek Blues Music

The Stoa Ton Athanaton club is one of the places with the best music in Athens. In the depths of the meat market, they used to play and sing the rebetiko, the Greek blues, in the style of the turn of the century, as they used to play and sing it in the fears of the slums in Athens.

Stoa Ton Athanaton has been closed for good.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/ap4iL9ZgWzA


Stoa of Attalos
#About the Ancient Market Renovated in the Agora

The Stoa of Attalos is a sort of ancient Greek market, that was recreated in the 1950's. Today, in contrast to the ruins around, the Stoa of Attalos looks like a completely modern place. One needs to try hard to remember that this area was actually a big market in the height of the Greek Empire, in the times of Athens' Ancient Agora.

The lobby with its beautiful columns, today's building contains a museum and temple. Around it is a large archeological dig, where you can see remains of ruins of the Ancient Agora in Athens.

The Stoa of Attalos has a large significance in the teaching of classical architecture. This is because it was reconstructed exactly, bit by bit, exactly as the experts estimate that it looked in ancient times.


#What is the Stoa?

The Stoa, plural called Stoai, is a large and impressive building that was used in ancient Greece for public uses, and many similar buildings were built around all of Greece.

In ancient Greek architecture, a Stoa, is a building that contained a lobby, like a covered walkway, on one side there are columns that open up to the outside, while the other side has a wall with openings. The Stoai were used back then as public places, like for Agoras and markets, stores and galleries. The Stoai evolved to have to sides with columns, and some even had second floors.

At the beginning of the Stoai's history, it was built like a three or two-sided square, and held the inner space. The old Stoai were all built in the Dori style. Later, the Stoai were opened to new styles of design. Throughout history, when Stoai began including passages and two rows of columns, more and more Stoai included an ionic order in one row of columns and a row of columns in the Dori style.



#History of the Stoa

Attalos's Stoa is considered the most impressive Stoa among the five that exist in the Agora in Athens, built in the year 150 BC, by order of King Attalos II of Pergamon. He ruled from 159 BC to 138 BC. The same Attalos gave the Stoa to the city of Athens as a present, a move that won him glory in commemorating the event on an inscription in the Stoic architrave.

During those days, on each of the two floors were 21 stores, and especially stood out the passage with the covered columns along the exterior of these stores.

In the year 267 BC part of the building was destroyed, after the invasion of the Herulim, an ancient German tribe, in the 3rd century.

Over the years, the remains of the Stoa were incorporated in a wall that was built in the city, a fact that will make its identification and rehabilitation in the modern era easier and faster.

Indeed, in 1950 the Greek government began the restoration of the Stoa, while excavating many artifacts, including toys, kitchen utensils, ancient coins and toys from ancient Greece, as well as architectural elements from ancient times, which are now displayed at the Stoa Museum.

This is how the Stoa was reconstructed in the 20th century and became the "Museum of Athens' Agora." Today many see it as the building that best exemplifies the Hellenistic period in Greece.



#Architecture of the Stoa of Attalos

The Stoa structure of Attalos is found in the Agora of Athens. It is larger and more ornate than Stoai built during that period, the classical era of Athens. The size of the Stoa and its supporting columns demonstrate and emphasize the impression it creates.

The Stoa is 115 by 20 meters. It has two floors, with two porches on each floor. The Stoa's columns are designed in two classical arches: the front pillars are of the Dorian order and the inner columns are in fine order.

Each floor of the Stoa has 21 rooms, with openings to the lobby and windows on the back.

We assume that the current structure is a fairly accurate reconstruction of the original structure and this in itself is very impressive. A small part of the original remains are incorporated in the reconstruction. The knowledge of the reconstruction itself comes from studies by expert archaeologists who have studied the original structure from 138 BC.



A Visit to the Stoa of Attalos:

https://youtu.be/PePyeRp5KO8?t=1m55s



The Museum and Some of the Findings Here:

https://youtu.be/zCRUf6KmQgs
Epirus Tavern
#About the Classic Greek Cafe in the Central Market of Athens

Epirus Tavern is a great Greek taverna, located at the edge of the meat alley, in the central market of Athens.

This high-quality worker's restaurant has been working since 1890. Epirus specializes in home-made Greek foods, simple and delicious. In massive pots and pans over the stove, is the food that fills the air with the smells of a Greek household.

Try their flagship dish, a bowl of Patsa (not pasta). This is soup with internal organs, that contains lamb's stomach and legs. Other great dishes are the spinach and rice dish called spanakorizo, magiritsa soup, bean stew with tomato sauce, and avgolemono soup with meat dumplings (please notice -this soup is sour, and is only for those who like that taste).

A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/1HVYw2VjxE0
Hadrian's Library
#About the Ancient Library that the Roman Emperor Built, and was Destroyed by the Barbarians

You are looking at the ruins of Hadrian's Library, a Roman structure from the 2nd century BC. Hadrian's Library was built in the year 132 BC, towards the end of the Roman Emperor's reign (117-138).

This library was a grand and impressive building, which was decorated with 100 massive columns. It was destroyed during one of the invasions in the Barbarian period, who attacked Athens and the Roman Empire who controlled the city. Today, from the large library that once stood here only the Corinthian columns from the exterior remain.

Are you wondering what are Corinthian columns? There were a few styles for crowning columns in Ancient Greece, the Romans used it as well, and the Neo-Classicalism too in the past centuries. The Corinthian order, as referred to by experts, is a classic style that was born in Ancient Greece and was used mainly in ancient Roman structures. The Corinthian order can be identified by the column's crown, with stylized shapes that look like carved leaves. Do you see them?

A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/v_tpETjVyeM
Fethiye Mosque
#About the Turkish Mosque in Athens

The Turkish mosque of Athens, Fethiye Mosque, is an Ottoman mosque from the 17th century, located at the center of Athens, right near the Tower of the Winds. Behind the mosque is the Roman Forum, and right near it is the Roman Agora. This is one of 2 mosques in the city.

This mosque remains from the days of the Ottoman rule over the city of Athens. It was built in the 15th century over the ruins of a Christian Basilica from the Byzantine period, built somewhere in the 8th of 9th centuries. The same Christian church was turned into a mosque in 1456, shortly after the Duchy of Athens was conquered, towards the visit of the Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror in 1458.

In the Ottoman period, many called this place the Wheatmarket Mosque. During the short occupation of the city by the Venetian forces in the 17th century, the mosque was changed into a Catholic church.

As the War of Independence broke out in 1824, the mosque was used as a school. Close to the end of the war, the steeple fell from the mosque. Until the start of the 20th century, the building was used as a military prison and bakery. Since then, it was used as a place to store findings from digs in the Agora and the Acropolis in Athens.

Today, since 2017, the mosque has been repaired and operates as a museum and show room for photos and antiquities. This is how one of the most important buildings in Athens' history was turned into a leading cultural center in Athens.



A Closer Look at the Mosque:

https://youtu.be/8gG8jeOYwlY


Photos of the Mosque:

https://youtu.be/y3mJlBIdwNo
Muses Hill
Pnyx
Propylaea
Tower of the Winds
Church of Panagia Kapnikarea


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.