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Vienna
Vienna
#About the City of Vienna

For hundreds of years Vienna, Austria's capital, has been sitting on the banks of the Danube, and has been the cultural capital of Europe. How many wrote about the splendor of its palaces and the beauty of its gardens, its wide streets and its magnificent public buildings. This is the Vienna of the music of Mozart, Haydn, Beethoven, Strauss, Mahler, Brahms, Schubert and the Vienna Boys Choirs.

Vienna is a city with a rich history, varied and magnificent architecture, a city that was the monarch of classical music, the source of Viennese waltzes and the capital of German-speaking operas.

Vienna was born as a Roman fortress called Windobona. Around the fortress a city was born, which for a long time was s "fortress of Christianity." Even the Muslim Turks understood this and tried to invade western Europe through this city. But they were rebuffed twice, and left the city their coffee. From here coffee will spread throughout Europe and become the most popular drink in the world.

Vienna became the heart of the Habsburg Empire. Here a strong empire will develop that will become rich, a conqueror, and control large parts of Europe. For 650 years Vienna was the meeting point between Eastern and Western Europe, and was the cradle of European culture and the capital of Austria.

From this city also emerged great Jews, such as the genius of psychology Sigmund Freud, and founder of Zionism Theodor Herzl. Artists like Gustav Klimt, and the wonderful architect Hundertwasser grew up here.

Both the stomach and taste glands will love every moment in this city. From the aroma of its excellent coffee, through the apple strudel with the vanilla ice cream served next to it, to the taste of the huge Viennese schnitzel with its crisp coating and wonderful taste. Everything here surrounds taste.

Vienna, once the stronghold of European conservatism and a city whose glory is based on its past, reinvents itself as an innovative city ready for change, with a healthy connection to its glorious past.

But this is still the Vienna of the statues, the wonderful Baroque buildings, the large squares and the museums that are rich in charm and science - this city will leave a wonderful memory for many years to remember.


#Must See
Want to see the most popular destinations? - Click on the tag "Must see in Vienna".


#With children
A trip for the whole family? - Click on the tag "Attractions for children in Vienna".


#Food
An unforgettable meal? - Click on the tag "Must eat in Vienna".


#Tip
In most European countries service fees are already included in the check, so it is customary to give a 2 euro tip, regardless of the price of the check itself.


#Entertainment
A good evening outing in this city is to the "Heurigen", one of hundreds of wineries in Vienna that sell wines from the production of the last harvest.


#Clubs
The most prominent clubs in Vienna are the Flex, the prominent club that hosts the world's most popular DJ's and quite a few rock stars (found in Donaukanal-Augartenbrücke). The industrial club Werk (Spittelauer Lände 12), The Loft Club and cafe, and the largest club in Austria, the Prater Dome, is located at Prater, Riesenradplatz 7.


#Austria Country Code
+43


#Saving
Public transport - the Viennese people who this on a daily basis pay only 365 euros a year, which is 1euro per day. Tourists pay a little more, but nevertheless, children under the age of 12 travel free of charge.

Communication - buy a local SIM that give several gigabytes of data in Austria.

Food and home shopping- The Hoffer stores are very cheap, but not branded or recognized. The Billa chain of stores is cheap and economical, especially in fruits and vegetables, both in Vienna and in Austria as a whole, especially in stores and gas stations. The store sells everything, including ready-made food!

The Regular bus - a great way to get to know Vienna. Use our app and whenever you refresh the page, the app will recognize what is nearby and you will be able to listen to explanations.

Discounts in all kinds of places - bring a student card.

Be sure to stack up beforehand - from Saturday at 2 pm and all of Sunday all the stores are closed, including supermarkets and malls.

#Shopping

Vienna is not a place for crazy amounts of shopping as it is pretty expensive. If you don't like expensive jewelry, hand painted porcelain, or leather products, it is less of a shopping destination.

The large sales are around Christmas and during the summer.

Maria Hilfer Strasse is Vienna's well-known and popular shopping street. It is not necessarily the cheapest. Cheap in Vienna is rare to find.

See more places by clicking on the tag "Shopping in Vienna".

#Entertainment

The entertainment areas of Vienna are more classical and fancy, and less wild and full of cocktails. An evening out in this town is going out to a Waltz party, concert or opera, and Heurigens, ones of hundreds of wineries in Vienna that sell their own wine.

Entertainment places can be found by clicking on the tag "Entertainment in Vienne".

#Electric Outlets
Possible plugs to use are Type C, Type E, and Type F (see link below with photos).


A Taste of the Upcoming Trip? - Here's a video That Will Show you the City in All its Beauty:

https://youtu.be/FsjHqvpTRag


Vienna's Sites:
https://youtu.be/cwenLWoeItQ


Here is a Vacation in Vienna with Everything the City has to Offer, Presented Quickly:

https://youtu.be/JfKKjD0GSZo


A Bit of Street food:

https://youtu.be/U_3i7FkbucM
Ringstrasse
Ringstrasse
#About the Ringstrasse, the Most Famous Round Street in Vienna

It seems that every city has a certain street that has become its clear and inseparable symbol - from Fifth Avenue in New York, to Via Veneto in Rome. Ringstrasse is the same type of street, but unlike its other similar streets, it has almost no stores at all. Over the years, historical and public buildings were built there: the Opera House, the Parliament Building, the City Hall, the Central Library, the Botanical Garden, the Hofburg Palace and more.

The street was originally built following an imperial edict by Franz Joseph announcing the destruction of the walls and fortifications around the city and the construction of the grand street. Construction began in 1858, and ended seven years later, its cost amounted to quite a bit - about a billion dollars.

From the initial planning it was clear that the goal was to create a center of Vienna - built for four large driving routes, a special pedestrian walkway, cyclists and tracks for the tram. It is shaped in a horseshoe shape and is 6.5 kilometers in length.

Today, thousands of people come to this road to see the architectural buildings, the well-tended gardens, the monuments and statues from the imperial periods of Vienna and the many tourist attractions the street offers. In addition, the street hosts quite a few festivals and cultural and leisure events that also receive a proper backdrop: colorful lamps, flags and matching stalls.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_kuccG04bkY



The History:

https://youtu.be/1y5OUTjy2ys
Mahnmal gegen Krieg und Faschismus
Monument Against War and Fascism
#About the Monument for the Victims of Fascism

Behind the Opera House, next to the Duke Albrecht Palace, you can see the Monument Against War and Fascism (Mahnmal Gegen Krieg und Faschismus). The purpose of this monument is to remember the dark and difficult periods in the life of the Austrian nation and it is dedicated to the victims of World War II.

The monument against the war and Fascism was established in 1985 by the Austrian sculptor Alfred Hrdlicka, and it is not by accident that it is located here. In the course of air attacks in 1947, a building called "Philiphoff House" blew up in this place and took hundreds of victims.

The monument is constructed of various elements located in the square, including two white marble columns engraved with figures reflecting the suffering of the victims. The elements are made of granite taken from the area of ​​the Mauthausen concentration camp. Another element that belongs to the monument is the tombstone, the Rock of the Republic. Note that the Declaration of Independence of Austria is engraved on it.
Kugelmugel
Kugelmugel
#About the Strange Republic Formed inside a Ball

It was in the 1970’s, when the Austrian artist Edwin Lipburger decided that he wanted to build a circular shaped house. After the authorities refused to provide him with building permits, Lipburger decided that he was declaring independence from Austria. He called his house the Republic of Kugelmugel (the word Kugel means a ball). He also refused to pay taxes and insisted on printing his own republical stamps.

The authorities, on their part, did not approve of the actions of the kind rebel. In 1979 he was sent to jail for ten weeks, until the president of Austria intervened and pardoned him. He was exiled, in Austria, to another place.

In 1982, the circular house was moved to Prater Park and surrounded by eight barbed wire fences. Lipburger died in 2015, but succeeded in his mission and made the authorities officially recognize his republic. Today it has over 650 citizens, and paradoxically, is run by the government of Vienna. Either way, the Republic of the Circle, or the Republican Ball, is considered to be a particularly prominent tourist attraction in the city of Vienna.

Oh, how the ball keeps turning...

Austria

Jesuitenkirche
Jesuit Church
#About the Beautiful and Forbidden Church

In the center of Vienna, next to the old university church, is the Jesuit Church (Jesuitenkirche). The church's official name is "University Church of the Ascension of the Virgin." It was built between 1627 and 1631, during the Thirty Years War. Back then it was more modest and simple, in a classic and gloomy style, which was especially favored by the Jesuits. The Jesuits are a Catholic sect in Vienna who came to the city to return the German city of Heidelberg to the Catholic faith.

In time, elements were added to the Jesuit Church to make it more prominent. But the true beauty and splendor of the church are within it. The architect Andrea Pozzo was appointed by Emperor Leopold to improve the interior of the church, as he did to many other churches in Vienna at that period. After the change he had made, adding colorful columns of the church covered with marble and gold, he gave the church a magnificent and imposing look. Beneath the dome of the church you can see the magnificent fresco, for which you will have to stand on the white flagstone, the only white tile on the church floor, and look up.

In the church gallery you can enter the Museum of Religious Art.



Jesuitenkirche's Choir:

https://youtu.be/gyxhRZNXndk
Graben
Graben
#About the Monument for the Victims of the Black Plague

This sculpture was built between 1682 and 1692 by Franz Menegatti, who collaborated with other artists. The statue is a monument to commemorate the fallen of the Black Plague in Vienna in 1679, that killed about 75,000 people. It is made of a combination of bronze and stone and is 2 meters high. You can see it at the exit from the Jewish Museum, on Graben Street.

The Renaissance and the beginning of the Baroque period were periods of cultural and artistic flowering, but an inseparable part of those times were outbreaks of epidemics that caused an incredible number of deaths, especially between 1346-1353. A later outbreak of the plague was in 1679.

The city of Vienna was able to cope with the epidemic by means of various sanitation measures. At the same time, special hospitals were set up for the victims, and the victims' bodies were thrown and burned in huge pits outside the city limits.

The monument is composed of the figures at the base whose role was to represent the victory of faith over the plague and were dedicated to the symbols of the empire. At the top of the statue is the figure of a dove (the Holy Spirit) and beneath it a golden cherubim and sculpted angels.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8PC4iLRvhpI
Judenplatz
Judenplatz
#About the Jewish Square in Vienna

You are located in the Jewish Square (Judenplatz). Back in the Middle Ages this square was a central place for the Jews of Vienna. Between the 13th and 15th centuries this was the heart of the Jewish ghetto. Its importance in the past, by the way, is also the reason why today it is a symbol of Jewish heritage, and will remain so for the future. It contains important milestones in the history of the Jews of Vienna: a synagogue, the Jewish Museum and the Holocaust Memorial.

The official synagogue of the Jewish community in Vienna is magnificent and impressive. Lectures and discussions on culture and Judaism are held in the synagogue. It was opened in 1826 on a side street and was unnoticeable. The reason was that Emperor Joseph II prohibited the construction of non-Catholic houses of worship in central places. This, incidentally, was the reason why the synagogue survived the Kristallnacht of 1938. It was simply far from the center of the riots.

At the Jewish Museum, which opened in 2011, you can discover and learn how the Jews lived in Austria over the years, to see various collections of ancient sacred instruments, to learn about the interesting Jewish characters of that period and to get a glimpse of modern Judaism as well.

In the museum you will also find archeological findings from the Great Synagogue of the Middle Ages, which was burned in 1421. During the excavations for the building of the monument, remains of the synagogue that was burned in 1421 were discovered. These findings have provided rare testimony to the lives of the Jews in the Middle Ages.
In the museum you can also see historical sacred artifacts, 3D exhibits of the life of the ancient Jewish community and more. Each floor of the museum will present to you a different layer of different periods in the Jewish history of Vienna.

The memorial was erected here in memory of the 65,000 Jews of Vienna who were murdered in the Holocaust. The monument was built in 2001 and is in the shape of a white cube, with shelves filled with books. The shelves are a symbol of the spirituality of the Jewish people, with the book. Beside the monument is a caption in memory of Austrian Holocaust victims. The building was designed by the British artist Rachel Weiterid.

In the center of the square, by the way, you can also see the sculpture "Nathan the Wise," a statue of the German playwright Ephraim Lessing. Lessing called his play "Nathan the Wise" for tolerance towards the Jews. The original statue was destroyed by the Nazis and was redesigned in 1982.




While it's Raining:

https://youtu.be/UPyC18pteSM
Donaupark
Donaupark
#About the Green Park in the Heart of Vienna

Despite the high value of Vienna as a historic and cultural city, with spectacular architecture and an enriching atmosphere, sometimes it feels a bit lacking in nature. "Donna Park," as Donaupark is often called, is one of the few natural pearls Vienna has to offer travelers and is also one of the city's main attractions.

You can see the Donaupark, "a green island in the city", a very large park that is adjacent to the river and actually occupies the northern bank of the Danube river in Vienna. That's why it’s nicknamed "Danube Park."

Anyone who sails through the Danube River can see a green area, miles and miles of trees and grass, among them the "Tower of Donna." This is Vienna's TV Tower, one of the city's most beautiful observation points.

The park, located in the 12th quarter, the new area of ​​Vienna, can be reached easily and it is highly recommended to catch some peace there and spend a few hours of sunshine and nature.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/L8uTMF04LgU


Katholische Kirche St. Peter
Saint Peter's Basilica
#About the Church Inspired by St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican

The green dome and many decorations of St. Peter's Basilica (Katholische Kirche St. Peter) can be easily identified. The truth is, is that the dome and decorations are what make it so prominent in the Old City.
This is originally the oldest church in Vienna, built in the 4th century on the Roman city of Windobona. But the present church, the St. Peter's Basilica, was built between 1701 and 1733. It was inspired by St. Peter's Basilica in Rome and in fact was the first in Vienna to have a dome top.

If the dome’s exterior looks impressive and luxurious, wait until you enter inside. Gilded wood carvings, art objects and murals - all make the wandering in it especially experiential. The round windows under the colorful dome bring in a little light and create a magical atmosphere. The frescoes, originally decorated the walls of the church, were painted by the famous Italian artist Andrea Pauza. However, in 1713 the frescoes were replaced by others.

On the inside of the dome you can see the magnificent work of art - Miriam's coronation scene. Also on the high altar can be seen the Christian saints Saint Peter and Saint John, who are in Jerusalem.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/TXta7-xQ7GA
Jewish Cemetery
#About Vienna’s Ancient Jewish Cemetery

The four Jewish cemeteries of Vienna tell the historical story of the Jews in the city, a history that combines the decrees, murders and expulsion of Jewish residents.

The Jewish Cemetery (Alten Jüdischen Friedhof) is only one of them. In this cemetery are buried prominent figures in the history of the Jews of Vienna, among them the famous Jewish conductor and composer Gustav Mahler, members of the Viennese branch of the Rothschild family and the Jewish playwright Arthur Schnitzler.

If you look carefully at the place, you will see that most of the tombs are not properly maintained and are worn out. The vegetation takes over, parts of the graves tend to fall and in general - the place seems relatively neglected. However, it is still fascinating because of the history it holds.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/HmPvyK78mMI
Sigmund Freud Museum
#About the Home of the Psychology Giant

At 19 Berg Street, in the fifth apartment in the ninth district of Vienna, stands the house where the theory that changed everything that was known about the human psyche was developed. This is his apartment, or so-called "Sigmund Freud House."

In this house Freud lived with his wife and six children for 47 years between 1891 and 1938, until he had to flee to London to escape Nazi persecution in 1939.

The idea for the house and its development was overseen by Freud’s daughter Anna, in 1971. The house is full of fascinating items from his life - the restored study and waiting room, restored with original furniture, pictures, souvenirs and items from Freud's collection of antiquities and documents. You will also be able to watch it in rare 1930’s films that tells the story of the fascinating family.

The site is now a pilgrimage site for psychoanalytic researchers and for those interested in psychology who come here for a visit and for research and study purposes. There are over 80,000 visitors every year. You will find here a permanent collection and temporary exhibitions, as well as a library considered the greatest in Europe, in the field of psychoanalysis.

One of the interesting exhibitions opened here was an exhibition devoted specifically to the other tenants in the mythological house. The exhibition called "The Disappeared Neighbors of Freud" recreates the lives and fate of the tenants during and after World War II. It is possible to learn from the personal stories of the neighbors about the rise and fall of the Jews of Vienna and Austria.



#How did Freud Advance the Human Psyche? (Courtsey Eureka Encyclopedia)

The important Jewish physician and psychologist Sigmund Freud was a neurologist and researcher in the field of psychology. He lived in Vienna, right next to Benjamin Ze'ev Herzl.

The doctor reached the conclusion that some of his patients who complaint of physical pain stemmed from mental difficulties they were experiencing, but were not aware of, he began to investigate the issue. From here he reached psychology and excelled at it. Incidentally, he thought that at the basis of human behavior was sexual desire.

Freud was one of the most important thinkers in the field of personality theory, and one of the most prominent and influential scientists in the twentieth century. He is the father of psychoanalysis, which deals with the overall personality structure, its development, its defects and its healing methods. The impact of his research and his theory of the 20th century is enormous. It covers many areas, from art, marketing, public relations, political propaganda and statesmanship to the treatment of PTSD, social relations, the media, and even the selfie culture and the extreme individualism of the individual in the 21st century.

Freud has researched the unconscious and the dreams, as symbols associated with the dreamer's life. He defined himself as a "conqueror of the soul" and in his conception of his research and his role in science, he saw himself as a hero who revealed the secrets of the soul.

When Freud analyzed consciousness, he argued that there are three areas of consciousness in our psyche:
1. The unconscious - perceives the greatest part of the soul.
2. The subconscious - where information is stored.
3. The consciousness - Everything we are aware of at a given moment. This is the smallest part of the soul.

Freud also studied religion and the soul, the humor, the psychology of the masses and the impulses and human sexuality. He developed the idea that Nietzsche had left behind, that the brain was the pilot directing the human heart.

During his life, Freud developed a new treatment method in which the patient converses with the therapist during regular sessions. The therapist helps him to rethink himself, thinking that helps him solve the mental and physical difficulties he suffers from. Today, this method of treatment, and of course the method of psychoanalysis, which means examining the patient's psyche, is seen as the basis of modern psychology.

Freud was not always right, but his influence is enormous and his contribution to the world of psychology and the modern world is incomprehensible in terms of a single person, who is not a dictator or Albert Einstein...



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JUzqbRI5WSM
Vienna Giant Ferris Wheel
#About the World's Tallest Ferris Wheel For 100 Years

The Vienna Giant Ferris Wheel (Weiner Risenrad) is the name of the huge ferris wheel of Vienna, which is mistakenly referred to as the "Prater," which is actually the name of the park where it is located. Do not look at it as such, it may not seem impressive enough to you, but up to the year 2000 it was the world's largest ferris wheel. The title, by the way, was taken away by the ferris wheel in England, known as "The Eye of London."

The Wiener Risenrad is 65 meters high and weighs no less than 430 tons. Its rotational speed reaches 2.7 kilometers per hour. The cars are built of wood and iron and can accommodate up to 12 people each.

The huge Ferris wheel was originally built for the golden anniversity held for Emperor Franz Josef. It began operating in June of 1897, after two years of construction work.

It is interesting to hear that in 1916 the wheel was purchased by a Jewish man - Eduard Steiner, but 22 years later it was confiscated by the Nazis. During World War II it was shut down as a result of fire and great damage. It reopened only in 1947, after postwar rehabilitation and reconstruction.

The huge wheel is visited every year by thousands of tourists and local Viennese who come here to view the magnificent view of Vienna. A spectacular 360-degree view leaves the wheel as one of Vienna's top tourist attractions. During special occasions, it is decorated to suit the general atmosphere.

Film lovers will recognize that the giant star starred in the classic film "The Third Man," whose screenplay Graham Greene wrote about the conquest of Vienna by the Allies at the end of World War II. Another equally well-known film in which the wheel starred is a 1987 James Bond film.

If you are looking for a romantic scent, you can board one of the caravans where a romantic chef's meal is served with fine wines and a delightful menu. With the lights of the city of Vienna this will be one of your unforgettable romantic experiences. We promise.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/HOYW3GpsaZ0



The Giant Ferris Wheel scene from the James Bond film (1987):

https://youtu.be/h1ZvliUa2eA?t=4m38s
Michaelerplatz Square
#About the Michaelerplatz Square

Opposite Hofberg Palace lies one of the famous squares of Vienna. It was originally planned in 1720 by Josef Emanuel Fischer von Erlach, but the project was stopped several times and only in 1888 construction began. Over the years the square became a strong Baroque symbol.

At the entrance to the square are huge statues of Hercules. On either side of the square there are also large fountains with statues. The right fountain, called "Mastery of the Land," was designed in 1897 by Edmund Hellmer and symbolizes the Austrian army. The left fountain, "Mastery of the Sea," was sculpted in 1895 by Rudolf Weyr and symbolizes the Austrian naval force.

In the center of the square there is an archeological dig site that contains remains from the Roman Empire and the Middle Ages. It was preserved as part of the activities of the Vienna Museum.

Michaelerplatz Square is surrounded by several ancient buildings, which symbolize and glorify the architecture of the Austrian Empire. Among them you can see the Looshaus, considered one of the city's modern buildings, the Old Church and St. Michael's Church.

To this day the square attracts many tourists and locals and is considered an important historical point in the city.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/a2Ei8MhAE44
Spanish Riding School
#About the Fascinating Horse Kingdom of Vienna

The Spanish Riding School (Spanische Hofreitschule) in Vienna is probably the only institution in the world that for more than 500 years has been teaching and preserving the traditional riding style (haute école) of Western Europe.

Riding in general was part of the social status of the nobility and empire, for they would boast of their horses as part of their objects of art, sculptures, paintings, silver and gold. This was also the reason why it was important for them to try and preserve it for future generations.

At its founding, the place was a horse breeding sanctuary for the Habsburg House, but later became one of the most prestigious and well known schools in the world for training, learning and riding instruction for the aristocracy. According to this method, the purebred horses are trained to become well-trained horses. They move in a noble way and the many exercises bring the riders to total control and harmony with the horses.

Since then, the place has provided riding lessons for the Viennese aristocracy. Next to it are the royal stables, where the Lipizzan horses are taken care of, horses of the most ancient breed in Europe. They are called so because 400 years ago they were raised in Lipica, which until 1918 was part of Austria. At the school they also take care of the riders' excellent riding equipment, such as saddles, bridles and pullers.

The school building is located near the Michaelerplatz Square, in the Hofburg Palace complex. It is open to visitors who can visit to watch the training and performances of experienced riders.

For tourists and residents of Vienna, the school presents special riding shows, a kind of ballet that shows remarkable harmony between skilled riders and the Lipizzan horses. These performances take place in a beautifully decorated riding hall and the sounds of classical music, such as Viennese waltzes written by Johann Strauss’s son, are played. The riders ride the horses in an elegant way that once characterized the noblemen of the era of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and today is a souvenir of the past.



#Tips

Some people were disappointed with the display, others liked it. This is a different pleasure than usual, but with totally passive viewing. It is not for everyone, and therefore it is worthwhile to think and decide before going, so as not to be disappointed.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/84Ii_Xdk6jI



A Look From a Distance:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C9s2_ZYzQ7Y
Maria Theresien-Platz Square
#About the Square that Connects Vienna’s Museums

The Maria Theresien-Platz Square actually separates the two main museums of the city of Vienna: the Museum of Art on the one hand (the Kunsthistorisches Museum) and the Natural History Museum on the other, which was used in the past as horse stables for the Emperor.

In the center of the square is an impressive monument of Empress Maria Theresa. Theresa, an aristocrat from the Habsburgs, ruled Austria for no less than 40 years, along with her husband Franz I. The couple controlled the Austro-Hungarian Empire for the years 1740-1780, and although she was "only" the Emperor’s wife, her influence on the empire actually surpassed his own and she was very significant. Maria Theresa was especially loved by the Austrian people and is considered to be one of the strongest and most influential women of her time.

The statue was exposed to the public after 13 years of planning and construction in May 1888, on the Emperor's birthday. It is made of marble and bronze and stands on a large stage consisting of three floors. At the bottom of the statue you will see the figures of the Imperial Court who symbolize wisdom, justice and mercy. Next to them stand the noble horses of the Empire. In the middle part you will see the daughters of the Imperial Court and at the top you will see the image of Empress Maria Theresa sitting on the throne, holding a wand in her left hand.

The sculpture undoubtedly displays power and the important part she had in the establishment of the Imperial Empire. Around the podium are columns and chains that enclose the entrance to it.

The square itself is well maintained with greenery and walking trails. Enjoy!



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/oFqPYuREnmY



Another Look:

https://youtu.be/LiF4AXLjpI4
Heldenplatz Square
#About the Square Where Hitler Declared the Anschluss

The Heldenplatz Square, near the Hofburg Palace, was already planned in the 19th century by the German architect Gottfried Sampeter. Upon completion, it immediately became the main square of the palace. In the square there are still quite a few inviting grasslands.

In the square there are two main statues built in 1860 and 1865, respectively, and both symbolize Austria's glorious past:

The statue of the Grand Duke Karl of Austria - the Austrian general who defeated Napoleon in the Battle of Aspern-Esling, and who was destined to glorify the lineage of the great Austrian military leaders.

The statue of Prince Eugene of Savoy - one of the most important generals in Europe of the early modern era and the one who’s end came at the defeat to the Turkish armies of the Ottoman Empire.

Throughout history, some of the most important events in history took place in the square. One of them was the official declaration of Adolf Hitler in 1938 on the union between Nazi Germany and Austria, the Anschluss. This agreement between a native of Austria who became a German dictator and his first homeland would soon lead to a few more Nazi provocations that would lead to World War II, and massive destruction, both in Germany and in Austria.
Austrian Parliament Building
#About the Austrian House of Parliament

The Austrian House of Parliament was built in the ancient Greek style, in the style of the Greek Revival, an architectural style that was popular in the 18th century in Europe and America. This style of construction makes it particularly prominent in the landscape of historic buildings around it. The building is 151 meters long, 132 meters wide and contains no less than 1,600 rooms.

The construction of the parliament began in the mid-19th century and lasted for 10 years. In 1883, when the building first opened, the elected representatives of the Austro-Hungarian Empire arrived. Today it serves as the seat of the houses chosen in the elections to represent the Austrian people - the National Council and the Lower House.

It is worth paying attention to some interesting objects outside the building:

At the entrance to the building you will see the big fountain and the statue that stands at its head - the statue of the goddess of Greek wisdom, Athena.

On the left, one can see the monument for the Austrian Republic, with statues of the three leaders of Vienna (the father of the Austrian Republic, the mayor of Vienna and the Welfare Minister of Vienna before World War II).

On the right side of the building stands a statue in the shape of Austrian Chancellor Dr. Karl Rerner.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/7VAqD_5N7gU



From Inside:

https://youtu.be/l0_iBon9l7E


Austrian Academy of Sciences
#About the Academy Where Beethoven Orchestrated his Symphonies

The Austrian Academy of Sciences (Akademie der Wissenschaften) was founded to promote Austrian scientific research and is the largest institution in Austria for non-university research. It was founded in 1847 and is now an institution with a budget of 135 million euros, with more than 770 members, around 1,600 employees and 28 research facilities.

The main tasks of the Academy are scientific, political and research advice. It works to promote and provide scholarships and prizes to outstanding young scientists. Within the framework of international programs and collaborations, the Austrian Academy of Sciences also maintains a worldwide research network that operates 28 research institutes in the fields of humanities, culture, nature and technology. It supports cooperation between scientists and participation in large-scale international projects.

But wait, not only science has advanced in the building of the Academy of Sciences before which you stand. Right here was the premieres of the sixth and seventh symphonies of the composer of the great symphonies Ludwig van Beethoven, conducted by Beethoven himself. So you can not enter the building itself without closing your eyes and imagining the deaf Beethoven winning this building, the orchestra performing the Sixth Symphony in the background. He did so without hearing the wonderful music he composed as the orchestra plays, but the music that plays in his head, though his memory and his wonderful inner music...
Naschmarkt
#About Vienna’s Colorful Market

Because it is aimed mainly at the residents of Vienna, in recent years the Naschmarkt has become one of the city's hot tourist attractions. The market attracts those who come to do their shopping for their home, tourists, and many people coming here to sit in restaurants and cafes and enjoy the wonderful atmosphere of the place.

There are over 120 diverse and rich stalls with a wonderful supply and variety of foods, from vegetables, fruits, dried fruits, fish, seafood, wide range of spices from all the world's cuisine, nuts, almonds and of course souvenirs for tourists ...

Many of the sellers here are Austrian farmers who sell their produce in Naschmarkt, dressed in traditional garb.

The delicatessen in the market also offer a huge abundance of cheeses, meats and pickles, along with salads and high-quality spicy foods. Alongside them are wine shops with a huge selection of quality wines, excellent street food stands, excellent restaurants and cafes, you are in Vienna after all...

Every evening, after the market closes, the Naschmarkt becomes a young and lively place, the market wakes up again into a loud and noisy nightlife area, with good food and lots of music.

Even at the end of the week, Naschmarkt does not rest. Every Saturday, the place becomes a bustling flea market and is especially crowded with tourists, who flock en masse to the largest market in Vienna to search for bargains...



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/Kx45QlWg4Z8
Kurpark Oberlaa
#A Lovely Garden for Spending Quality Outdoor Time

The park you have reached is one of Vienna's natural pearls. The park is located in the 10th district of the city and covers 860,000 square meters.

The park has spectacular plants, intriguing animals, baroque water springs, a Japanese garden, a flower maze, theater, playground complex, fountains, walking and bicycles paths and even a spa. It is an ideal place to go to with children for a few hours of rest.

The famous Café Overla and its cake shop are especially popular in today's garden.



#History of the Park

Kurpark Oberlaa Park was created in the desire to turn wild green gardens into a stylized green park for the second garden exhibition in Vienna in 1974. At the same exhibition, gardeners and landscape architects of the first class exhibited different types of garden styles, including a nostalgic garden, a modern garden, an exotic garden, a kindergarten for children, adults and more.

This was an opportunity for the authorities in Vienna to create a large green area around the hot springs discovered in the region, back in the 18th century. The garden blossomed into a permanent and beautiful park, a very popular park among the local residents and in Vienna in general.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PWNEU1AbJsk
Karlskirche
#About the Baroque Church with the Lake and its Modern Statue

This impressive Baroque church is considered one of the largest North of the Alps, and its architectural elements draw inspiration from Turkish architecture. The church has an impressive façade with a swimming pool with a huge modern statue, the Hill Arches, belonging to Henry Moore, one of the most important statues of the 20th century.

After the outbreak of the plague, which took quite a few victims, Charles VI, the Holy Roman Emperor at the time, swore to build the church. Finally, the church was built between 1715 and 1737 by the architect and city planner Johann Fischer von Erlach.



#Tips

In the days before Christmas, the pool turns into a playground for toddlers.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PNOqDJNgeHs
Jewish Museum Vienna
Hundertwasser House
Danube-Auen National Park
Urania Sternwarte
Danube Tower


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

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אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.