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Barcelona
Barcelona
#About the City of Barcelona

Barcelona is the largest port city on the Mediterranean Sea. The number of residents in the metropolitan city is over 3 million people. Barcelona is an abnormal attraction. This city is much more European than other cities in Spanish.

Barcelona is the capital of the Catalonia region. Catalonians are much more liberal, cosmopolitan, and hardworking than the Spanish, and up to today they have kept their unique character, in contrast to the central Spanish authority in Madrid.

The city is very proud of its famous artists and artists. Among them are the artists Picasso and Juan Miro, the city's residents who made a great contribution to the world of art and gained international fame. But no less, the city commemorates and boasts the architectural works of Antoni Gaudi, the famous architect and artist, a city man who loved her so much and left her with countless charming structures, sculptures and spectacular design elements. Gaudi acted in an artistic and architectural style called Modernism. Modernism is actually the Catalan version of the style of architecture and plastic art called in French "Art Nouveau." Although he was not the only one who created in the Modernist style, Gaudi became so identified with i, that from all over the world visitors come to Barcelona to see the houses, the gardens and the art and design that he left behind, all in this style.

Near Barcelona are many beautiful Spanish beaches: Costa Brava, and a short sail away from here you can reach a magical island Palama De Mijorca.



#Must See

Want to see the most popular destinations? - Click on the tag "Must See in Barcelona".

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9ZRY9zY_AuA



#With Children

Family Vacation? - Click on the tag "Attractions for Children in Barcelona".

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ruUwmU4fms8



#Food

Looking for an unforgettable meal? - click on the tag, "Must eat in Barcelona".



#Tips

In most countries in Europe, since the tip is included in the bill, it is customary to give about 2 euros, no matter the size of the check.



#Spain Country Code

+34


#Savings

Order lunch from the set menus from the Del Dia restaurant.

The store chains Aldi and Lidl are cheap but offer mostly basic supplies. Caprabo is not as cheap, but has a variety of products.

Public transportation - buy a 10-ride card for trips in the city.

Sites - look at the website of each site, the time when the entrance to the sites are free.

Bus - a wonderful way to get to know Barcelona.



#Shopping

See recommended places for shopping in the city by clicking on the tag "Shopping in Barcelona".


#Entertainment

Many of the tourists who come to Barcelona come to enjoy its great nightlife and clubs. Most of the best clubs are in the La Zona Alta area north of the city center. Outstanding are the excellent Razzmatazz and Barcelona Pacha. Also known are the open dance floor in La Terrrazz, with the beautiful and beautiful of Barcelona, Marula Cafe, in the Gothic and strong bars of young people, the Moog club with techno and electronics, the Cuban Antila BCN, the Ocana starring on weekends, the Sala Apolo with House and Techno and the Jamboree with lots of hip-hop and funk music.

For great places for entertainment in the city, click on the tag "Entertainment in Barcelona".



#Electric Outlets

The required types of plugs are Types C, E, and F.



A taste of the upcoming trip? - Here's a video that will show you the city in all its beauty:

https://youtu.be/uOzwwZxjPRs
Museu Martim de Barcelona
Maritime Museum
#About the Museum

If you are history fans, especially naval history, this museum is perfect for you. Here you can get to know the lives of the seafarers and their sailing machines.

The special building where you are standing used to be the royal shipyard, where ships used to be made, fixed, and stored. The first museum was established in 1929. Its purpose was to express and bring to life the studies of the old Navy School. At the same time, the museum and the library collected different art pieces from navy schools from around the world. In 1935 organizations in Barcelona decided to establish a large Navy museum, to help document and preserve the importance of the sailing and water activities to the city.

In the large space with arches above, which today is the Maritime Museum of Barcelona, you can see ship models and read stories about the seafarers. You can learn about the sailing history of Catalonia, and see different exhibits having to do with navigation and ships. The museum is suitable for children, and no less - adults.

Notice the model of the "Gally" - a flatboat that sails with oars or sails, that used to be operated by prisoners or slaves. This boat led the Spanish army to a big victory in 1571, against the Turkish ships.

Another perfect attraction for children is the sailing ship, located in one of the halls, where visitors can feel the movements from blowing winds around. Let children climb to the deck, and imagine themselves sailing to the heart of the ocean.

You can find here ship parts from the Roman period, reliefs from the Arab period, furniture of passengers, an exhibit dedicated to the development of steamships, and much more fascinating subjects. There are also maritime maps, ancient and rare, and are an inseparable part of the items displayed here.



A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ff4GUActZPs
Centre de Cultura Contempornia
Centre de Cultura Contemporània
#About the Center of Musical and Dance Events

The Centre de Cultura Contemporània is located right next to the Museum of Contemporary Art. The center is used to house music and dance events. Courses take place here, as well as exhibits, discussions, lectures, and more.

The center is located inside a building that was built as a monastery in the 13th century, and was used as a "Charity House." Throughout the years, the facade of the building was preserved, however, the inside became in 1994 a cultural center. In the current building you can see part of the original interior - three wings that together make three sides of a rectangle, around a large courtyard, called the "Women's Courtyard." As can be assumed, the building's courtyard was originally meant for women only.

Pay special attention to the northern wing in the inner court, built by a pair of Spanish architects, Villaplana and Piñón. They built a wall covered in mirrors, at the height of 30 meters. You can see the changing light off the mirrors and the city up to the sea.

In the center are different changing exhibits, having to do with special urban topics. There are the alternative film festival, festival for electronic music, courses and seminars about different topics - from art, politics, dance, cinema, and more.
Plaza de Toros Monumental
Plaza de Toros Monumental
#About the Hall

The impressive hall, which you are now looking at, was originally built for the bullfights that took place in Catalonia. Yes, until a few years ago it was an arena for bullfights and wars against bulls that we designed.

Catalonia, as of the date of writing the guide, is the only province in Spain that has stopped the practice of bullfights. This has happened in a number of bullfights arena in recent decades, where bullfights have been banned under the law. In La Monumental, for example, bullfights were held until 2013.

The style of the building is Mori and Byzantine, and was inaugurated in 1914 under the name Plaza de El Sport. In 1916 it was renamed the Plaza Monumental de Barcelona. Today there are more than 20,000 visitors to the venue for music and circus performances.


#About the Bullfights

Bullfighting in Spain is an ancient ceremonial practice, often until the bull is killed. Bullfight is based on the bullfighter called "Matador," who uses a red cloth to irritate the bull and then fights with the sword until the warrior himself or the bull are hurt and surrender.

The roots of the bullfighting practice are very ancient and have already been found in the Bronze Age. The Bullfighter, with the red cloth, came later. What is amazing is that, contrary to popular belief, it is not the red color that causes the bull to get angry and attack the matador, but the waving of the canvas and its motion. A little amusing that the phrase "red rag" is common in the world to describe something irritating ...

This activity is popular in countries with Spanish culture, such as Spain, Mexico, Portugal, and even southern France. Bullfighters breed the most violent and nervous bulls.

In recent years, the bullfights have been outlawed in many countries and also in Spain, mainly because of the abuse of bulls. It turns out that beyond the abuse in the arena itself, in the weeks before the fight against the Matador, the bull is put through a process that exhausts him, by means of various and most cruel methods. For this reason, bullfights are highly contested, even among a large part of the Spanish public. This resistance is reinforced by animal rights organizations that strongly oppose the killing of animals for entertainment purposes.

Barcelona

Sant Pau del Camp
Sant Pau del Camp
#About the Church

Most of the Romantic churches in Barcelona were destroyed throughout the years, and only a few can be seen today. The Sant Pau del Camp, of the most ancient in Barcelona, was built in the 10th century. It is located in the El Raval district and continues operating today. It is like a small and quiet gem in the midst of the urban mess of the big city.

In the building's facade visitors can see a gable with a round window. On the church walls you call see decorations of reliefs of stone that symbolize the holy trio, and winged figures decorating the entrance. The entrance gate is built of a half-circle arch, strongly characterizing the Romantic architecture, the Roman architecture.

In the church, the design is pretty simple, however, the monastery garden is unique and magical. Along the garden walls, are alcoves decorated with stone reliefs.
Parrquia de Santa Anna
Church of Santa Anna
#About the Church

One of the hidden gems right at the center of the city of Barcelona, is the Church of Santa Anna (Parrquia de Santa Anna). Between wandering around the most popular shopping streets you can reach this church and go right back in time, to visit important and interesting places in the unknown building.

This quiet church is an island of solitude and peace in the heart of busy Barcelona. It is part of the Monastery of Santa Anna, that since the 12th century has belonged to the Order of the Holy Sepulcher. The beautiful church is built in the shape of a Greek cross, and it has a Romanesque style, a style that reminds of the Roman style. Its exterior is totally Gothic, like its dome, the monastery and the chapel, from the 15th century.

The Romanesque window in the cornice, inside the church, as well as the transept (the broad section of the church in the shape of the cross) and the dome all depict scenes from the Book of Genesis. In the church, right next to this part, you can see the chapel of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. You will recognize it according to the reproduction that stands there, of sculpture from 1936.

It is no less interesting to see the dormitories of the monks in the church. They were built in the 15th century, and are of all different styles, really showing the different evolution that happened from the Gothic-Catalan style until the Renaissance style.
Museu Frederic Mars
Museu Frederic Marès
#About the Museum

In the Museu Frederic Marès there is a wide variety of pieces of art that were donated to Barcelona by the Barcelona artist, Frederic Marès. The building where it is located it, in the 18th century was a palace, at the first for Barcelona's Counts, and later for King Aragon of Catalonia. Also in the 20th century, starting from 1948 many important guests have stayed here.

In the museum are art pieces displayed from between the 11th to 18th centuries. Among the rest, you can see items from the daily lives of the Catalonian people, as well as design objects, stone statues, columns, wood statues, ancient ceramics, and more.

The Collector's Cabinet shown here contains tens of thousands of items, a huge collection of items documenting different traditions and actions from the past, mainly from the 19th century. You can also find entertaining and unique items, like fans, pipes, watches, jewelry, photographs, keys, pharmacy bottles, and a lot more - all these are displayed in a special intimate atmosphere.

On the second floor of the museum there is an area that contains a series of sculpted items by Frederic Marès, from his personal library and the collection that the artist himself chose to publically display. The exhibit opened to the public in June 1996, and is displayed to this day. In addition, you can see an area of personal belongings.

In the museum there is a special section dedicated for the Jewish community, where visitors can see ancient holy items, Books of Esther, Mezuzot, and original scriptures.
Gran Teatre del Liceu
Gran Teatre del Liceu
#About Barcelona's Central Theater

Gran Teatre del Liceu, the large theater in Barcelona, is known mostly for the impressive operas that are performed here. It is located across from the Mercado de La Boqueria, and is considered one of the largest and leading theaters in Europe.

The theater opened in 1847 with private funding and its main purpose was to promote musical education. It soon gained an international reputation and became one of the most important opera houses in Spain. But the building was not always as impressive and beautiful as it is today. In two fires in the building, the ongoing activity was halted and years of renovation and reconstruction were required in order to restore it to its activity.

The first fire took place in 1861. The fire caused damage, but was not severe. After a year, the theater opened again to visitors. In 1993, about a year after the Olympic Games in Barcelona, ​​following an electric short circuit, a fire broke out and destroyed the place. The renovators used old photographs and sketches and tried to preserve the original appearance of the theater. The damage was so severe that it took six whole years to renovate and restore the hall and stage. In 1999, after all that has happened, the theater reopened to the public.

The theater has over 2,200 seats. Here, you can listen to different operas by Vardi, Donizetti, Bizet, and Mozart, sung by the best singers in the world. Every day at 10:00 am a guided tour begins of the theater, that lasts for about half an hour.


#About the Class Characterizations at the Theater

In the past, there was a clear separation between the different classes. The main entrance to the theater, the one located on La Rambla Avenue, was for the upper class and nobility. They paid an extraordinary amount of money, and the main entrance led them straight to their comfortable viewing boxes. These boxes had the best view of the stage, and visitors enjoyed the great view with fantastic acoustics.

The lower class, those who could not pay the viewing box prices, entered the theater from a side street called San Pau, and sat in the upper galleries. Viewing the stage from this angle was not so great, and the acoustics in the upper galleries was not as great either.

Today, all the visitors enter from the main entrance on La Rambla Avenue, thought the ticket price differences still exist, and is pretty large.



#What is the Theater's Hall of Mirrors?

From the atrium, you can see wide steps leading to the Hall of Mirrors, whose walls are covered with large mirrors. This is also where visitors used to gather during intermissions. However, as you can imagine, these were only members of the upper class, nobility, and dignitaries.

Take a look at the ceiling frescoes, where you can see the god Apollo sitting on a train, surrounded by nine muses. On the walls of the hall there are quotes and sentences that idealize music, and also many golden decorations.

In 1937, during the Spanish Civil War, the whiplash of an explosion from a bomb that fell near the theater, caused the collapse of the ceiling and huge damage to the theater. The ceiling was recreated, of course, and the theater was renovated a few years later.


Parc del Centre del Poblenou
Parc del Centre del Poblenou
#About Barcelona's Central Park

Parc del Centre del Poblenou is one of the gems that were left by the well-known French architect Jean Nouvel, who left his mark in several places in Barcelona. Here you can see "New Barcelona," that developed around the Diagonal neighborhood, and the new park, considered the personal Central Park of the Poblenou neighborhood.

The park has turned in the city's green source that was so needed here, and was established in 2008, the size of 55,000 square meters. It combines many things and gives out a little post-industrial vibe, like the area that surrounds it. The reason is that Poblenou, the new neighborhood, was once the heart of Barcelona's textile industry. In the park you can see one of the buildings from that time, one of the only ones to survive. This place has the original chimney. With time, the old buildings made of ancient bricks were replaced with modern buildings and large hotels. The neighborhood, just like its name, has renewed itself.

The park is surrounded by a tall wall, covered with climbing plants. There are four children playing areas, including climbing walls, sliding areas and ping pong tables. When the park was first opened, the tree trunks were all painted white, to imitate buildings, and as the trees grew and color faded, and turned into a more brownish color. The many trees provide shade, and you can pass quality, family and romantic time here, on the wide-open lawns.



A Closer Look at the Park:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wqsonBwFUpg
Parc de Cervantes
#About the Park with the Special Rose Garden

Parc de Cervantes covers 4,000 square meters and is found at the head of Avinguda Diagonal.

The garden is known mostly for the impressive rose garden, with over 15,000 roses from over 245 species. It may look small, but you can spend quite a lot of time here. The park was first opened to visitors in 2001, and since then the number of varieties from around the world has only grown. You can enjoy the colorful views almost year-round.

The park is divided by tracks, where visitors can walk and learn about the history and the origin of the roses there. You can choose different paths, and learn about the development of the roses in Asia, America, Europe, the Middle East, and more. Among the rose species, you will see in the garden are both old and newer species.

The walking lanes are wide and welcome runners, athletes, bike riders, who turn the park to really attractive. Visitors can come here to listen to lectures, workshops, discussion groups and conferences. In the park you will find a small museum in the open air, and small corners where you can catch a few quiet peaceful minutes, and have nice picnics.

Each year, at the beginning of May, the park hosts an international contest, where you can see more than 60 new varieties of roses, displayed in a special exhibit at the center of the park.



A Closer Look at the Park:

https://youtu.be/yy82ysGR1vk?t=13s
Torre de Collserola
#About the Communication Tower

The tower with the unique design is located at the top of Tibidabo Mountain in Barcelona. It was built in 1991 for the summer Olympics that took place in 1992.

The tower was planned by the architect Sir Norman Foster, and two Spanish citizens who helped with the effort of the design. The futuristic and impressive design hints at the purpose of TV and radio offices. The diameter of the tower is 4.5 meters, and it weighs 3,000 tons.

The upper antenna reaches the height of about 290 meters, and it is the height observation point over the city. The tenth floor of the tower is open to the general public.

The cables you see around the tower are holding the tower up: the lower cables are made of three groups of 180 cables, stretched and made of metal, 15 millimeters in diameter. The upper cables are made of three groups of 7 cables, 56 millimeters in diameter.

In the building there a venue for events at the height of 560 meters above sea level.



A Closer Look at the Torre de Collserola:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OmiVYmGB0no
Tibidabo
#About the Tall Hill Protecting Barcelona

The mountain range is about 500 meters tall, one mountain stands most impressive in the Barcelona area, named Tibidabo. Because the mountain is so tall, you can see it from all over the city.

Tibidabo overlooks beautiful Barcelona. There is an amusement park that has existed for over 100 years.

On the mountain there is also a TV tower that is 288 meters tall, that provides a spectacular view of the area.

On the mountain you will see the Temple of the Sacred Heart of Jesus that overlooks Barcelona. The Basilica was built between 1902-1961 in the neo-Gothic style and is almost a complete copy of the Sacré-Cœur in Paris.


A Closer Look at the Hill:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jIeKCDYeZeU
Tibidabo Amusement Park
#About the Amusement Park of Mount Tibidabo

On the mountain range that is about 500 meters tall, stands an impressive and high amusement park, named Tibidabo. On the mountain is an amusement park, that has existed for about 100 years. The amusement park was established in 1901, and the idea for its establishment came from Salvador Andreu.

Not all the rides in the park are new and shiny. The rides in the park are old and have a long history. In the park is also a theater, for screening 3-D movies. In the park itself you can get from place to place on a small electric train, that will take you on a short tour of about 15-20 minutes. After bankruptcy, the park was bought by the city of Barcelona that decided to save it from destruction and total closure.



A Closer Look at the Park:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yxXC5-JhRUI
Gaudí House Museum
#About the House in the Park, Where the Famous Architect Lived

The Gaudi Museum is located in the cute pinkish house, with green windows, and a pointed green chimney. The interesting Gaudi House is also characterized by the colorfulness that is seen, the Modernist style, so connected with Gaudi, is a little more held back here than in his other works. This is actually the Catalonian version of the French architectural style called Art Nouveau. It is characterized with strong inspiration from nature, an emphasis on vibrant colors, natural and round lines, and simple and local elements.

In the house lived Gaudi with his family between the years 1906 - 1929. The house overlooks Park Güell, probably the most well-known and popular work by Gaudi. The house is actually right inside the park, at the heart of a green area full of trees.

In an exhibit shown at the museum, you can see the everyday life of Gaudi, as well as rooms, personal items, and furniture, that were an inseparable part of the original house. The museum also shows Gaudi's work as a designer, for if you though his strong suit was large and impressive buildings, you can see different art pieces he created - interesting chairs, metal gates, statues, and more.

There is a reason it is so interesting to wander around this museum. It is interesting and fascinating to discover where Gaudi sought inspiration for his buildings from, how he lived, and what interested the genius.


#What is the Modernism Style?

Modernist style is actually the Catalan version of the style of architecture and plastic art called in French "Art Nouveau." It is characterized by strong vegetation inspiration, an emphasis on colorfulness, natural and rounded lines, and simple and local materials. The most famous Modernist architect is Gaudi, whose style is identified with him. He used style principles over and over again and used motifs like curved walls reminiscent of waves and almost constant avoidance of straight surfaces. He was not the only one to design in the modernist style - there were other architects who starred in this style in Barcelona, ​​such as Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Lluís Domènech i Montaner.


A Closer at the House:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0F7UYLfYb6k
Barcelona Pavilion
#About the Pavilion that Was a Modernist Architectural Breakthrough

The German pavilion that was established for the World Expo of Barcelona in 1929 is considered a breakthrough in the history of Modernist architecture. It was designed by the German architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, who is considered one of the founding fathers of the Modernism style in architecture, with the international founders. He is one of the most influential architects of the 20th century.

The purpose of the building was for the display at the Expo, and so the design was purposefully simplified. The real breakthrough came through its use of space, the use of building materials and minimalist design. With that, the Barcelona Pavilion was built using expensive materials, like marble and Trenton stone,

The German pavilion stands on a wide and flat podium. It has a roof that is supported by 8 thin metal columns. Near the pavilion is a pool, and inside the architect actualized the idea of flowing space, with walls that do not connect to one another, or glass walls.

Especially for this pavilion, the architect designed one of the most known chairs in the world of design, a chair that was given the name, "Barcelona Chair." These chairs were used by the Royal Spanish couple, and today this chair is still very successful and considered an icon worldwide. Today it is also sold by the thousands each year.

With the end of the Expo, the pavilion was taken apart, and its pieces were sent on a train to Germany. However, during transportation, many of the pieces were lost. For its great importance, the pavilion was reconstructed, using the exact same materials. For this purpose, the reconstructors collected and analyzed hundreds of photos of the old pavilion, and it was completely reconstructed, apart from the Classical columns that stood at the entrance. From 1986 visitors could come and see the reconstructed pavilion, that was opened for the general public.



#What is the Story with the Barcelona Chair?

The Barcelona Chair is a chair known especially, that was designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Lilly Reich for the German Pavilion, during the World Expo of Barcelona in 1929. The industrial-Modernist style of the chair has had a big impact on Modernist furniture design. Usually, the chair has a matching footstool.

Ludwig Mies was educated and especially broad-minded. So he took inspiration, for the planning of the chair, from folding chairs from the ancient Roman period. The result is known: the chair became a real icon, and it is among the most celebrated and loved Modernist furnitures, until today.




A Closer Look at the Pavilion:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TPDcNUBQwBw&t=110s
Avinguda Diagonal
#About the Avenue that Bisects the City

Avinguda Diagonal is one of the most important avenues in Barcelona. It is 10 kilometers long and actually crosses the city in two, diagonally, originally designed to break the straight lines created by the streets, so they were always 90 degrees to each other.

Apart from transportation, the long avenue also serves as a place to shop and has a concentration of many restaurants. Indeed, along the avenue you will pass by a wide variety of restaurants and shops, with the blue sea and beaches of Barcelona standing in full view.

On the boulevard are some of Barcelona's most famous buildings, including:


#Skyscraper Agbar Tower

Look for the tall tower that can be seen from every corner of Barcelona and is nicknamed the "Blue Cigar."



#The Palau Reial de Pedralbes

A palace given to the royal family, by the Güell family, Gaudi's famous patrons.



#Design Museum of Barcelona

You can visit the guide right on Guidol.


#"Casa Serra"

A structure built in the style of Catalan Modernism, is also the style of Gaudí's Casa Batlló. This style is characterized by great colorfulness, natural and rounded lines, with simple and local materials.



A Closer Look at the Boulevard:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K7e_KAh0Eew
Catalan Museum of Archaeology
#About the Museum

If you are visiting Barcelona, come to the magical Montjuïc Hill, and one of the greenest places in the city. On top of the hill, you can find the Catalan Museum of Archaeology, a museum that will invite you to discover the history of the area and enjoy archeological items that were found in Catalonia and the entire area. The displayed items in the space are impressive and curious. The museum lays in the Graphic Arts Museum, that was built for the World Expo of Barcelona in 1929.

Under the management of the Catalan Museum of Archaeology is a system of museums that are spread around the Catalan region, and manage the most important archeological history and their collections.

The "Iberian Way" is a tourist cultural project that belongs to the museum, and its purpose is to show visitors the main Iberian sites, made of 17 sites and 7 tracks and takes visitors 2,000 years back. If you are interested - this is the place to receive information about the archeology of the area and to go and discover.



A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3rprgXURtx4


Fundació Antoni Tàpies
#About the Museum that was Created and Dedicated to the Modern Painter Tàpies

The wonderful cultural center and museum are dedicated to the works of art by the paint Antoni Tàpies. One way for artists to make sure they will not be forgotten is to donate many works, to a museum that will commemorate their memory. This secret was also known by Tàpies, who donated many works to a museum that was established in 1984. He declared that his main purpose was to encourage the study of modern art at the time.

The museum was opened in 1990, and is located in a modern building with three floors, built back in 1886, and planned by Lluís Domènech i Montaner. In the construction metal and steel were incorporated into the building, and built in an industrial style. Later it was renovated by architects Roser Amadó and Lluís Domènech Girbau.

In the museum, you can see exhibits, arrive for conferences, and listen to lectures in many different fields having to do with modern art, especially about Tàpies's art. Notice the special creation by Tàpies placed on the roof of the building, "Cloud and Chair." It is lit during the night, and is definitely worth a visit.




A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J5ThjrFnCbc
Casa Amatller
#About the Modernist House Designed by Cadafalch

Casa Amatller, the amazing house with the crown, combines the neo-Gothic style with the Art Nouveau. The facade is designed with inspiration from Dutch houses. The building was planned by the architect Josep Puig i Cadafalch, who worked together with a few of the best artists and craftsmen in Barcelona, among them Eusebi Arnau and Alfons Juyol. The house was built between the years 1898 - 1900.

Casa Amatller, together with Casa Battló (designed by Gaudi), and Casa Lleó Morera, are a part of the House of Discord (Mansana de la Discordia). These three houses are renovations of older buildings that already stood here. The original building of Casa Amatller was built by Antoni Robert in 1875.

The architect based his design on the typical Catalonian Mansion, while combining German elements, with bold ridged cornice, highlighted with ceramic tiles. The house might look like a little palace, but is actually houses many apartments.

Originally, the house was planned as the residential home of chocolatier Antoni Amatller. You can visit the chocolate store that is located inside the building's kitchen. Notice the interesting glass ceiling inside.

#What is the Modernism Style?

Modernist style is actually the Catalan version of the style of architecture and plastic art called in French "Art Nouveau." It is characterized by strong vegetation inspiration, an emphasis on colorfulness, natural and rounded lines, and simple and local materials. The most famous Modernist architect is Gaudi, whose style is identified with him. He used style principles over and over again and used motifs like curved walls reminiscent of waves and almost constant avoidance of straight surfaces. He was not the only one to design in the modernist style - there were other architects who starred in this style in Barcelona, ​​such as Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Lluís Domènech i Montaner.



A Closer Look at the House:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=slOXzpdqjgw
Plaza Espana
#About the Square that Was Once a Place for Executions

In the center of the Plaza Espana (Plaça Espanya), you can see the fountain that was planned by Josep Maria Juyol, who worked with Antoni Gaudi. This is a monument designed in the unique Modernism style, the monument includes human figure statues and an impressive fountain. Though this monument was not built by Gaudi himself, it was built with his inspiration and leadership. The fountain was built for the World Expo of Barcelona in 1929 that was held at the foothills of Montjuïc.

The square is one of the places where many important decisions and fatal discussions have been made in the history of the city. In these places, the footsteps of great leaders in Barcelona and Catalonia have stepped. In total contrast, many people were executed in this square. After the execution years, the practice was moved to the Ciutadella Park, and then to the Montjuïc Castle.

This is also one of the largest squares in the city, and around you can see many interesting buildings. Among them, you can see the two Venetian Towers, both 47 meters tall, symbolizing the international development of the city.

You can see the Joan Miró Park from here, named after the famous painter, where there is a statue of the artist's famous statue Dona i Ocell (Woman and Bird).

Nearby you can find Arenas Mall, what used to be the bullfighting arena. In the past, bullfighting was very popular in Spain, though it was less popular in Catalonia. Today the building has turned into the famous Arenas Mall.



#What is the Modernism Style?

Modernist style is actually the Catalan version of the style of architecture and plastic art called in French "Art Nouveau." It is characterized by strong vegetation inspiration, an emphasis on colorfulness, natural and rounded lines, and simple and local materials. The most famous Modernist architect is Gaudi, whose style is identified with him. He used style principles over and over again and used motifs like curved walls reminiscent of waves and almost constant avoidance of straight surfaces. He was not the only one to design in the modernist style - there were other architects who starred in this style in Barcelona, ​​such as Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Lluís Domènech i Montaner.



A Closer Look at the Square:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HS0ThElJo44
Hospital De La Santa Creu I Sant Pau
#About the Beautiful Hospital of Barcelona

Barcelona's hospital, which feels as if it was taken out of a fairytale, is one of the prettiest hospitals in an architectural sense. The Hospital De La Santa Creu I Sant Pau is located in the Eixample district, the largest bunch of buildings in the city, built in the Modernism style. This hospital is located right across from the La Sagrada Familia, Gaudi's amazing cathedral, though because it is a hospital, fewer tourists come here.

The hospital complex was built between the years 1901 and 1930, by the plans of architect Lluís Domènech i Montaner, during the same time of Gaudi. The area of the hospital is 300 square meters, and it is decorated with colorful turrets, domes, and wonderful statues. The windows of the building are framed in decorated stone with vibrant mosaics and broken tiles. Montaner believed in the healing powers of shapes and colors, and so he was sure to use lots of colorful decorations, creating an atmosphere that is totally different from what is expected from hospitals.

In the hospital complex are 27 buildings that are used as different departments for the hospital, with small green gardens between them. Each building has its own character, and together they create harmony and architectural beauty. In 1997 the complex was chosen as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

The hospital was built in the 15th century, and was at first located where the National Library of Catalonia is located. At the same time, six small hospitals operated in the city from the Middle Ages. They were combined to one big hospital, and at the end of the 19th century, it was decided to build a new and more modern hospital, what you are looking at now.



#What is the Modernism Style?

Modernist style is actually the Catalan version of the style of architecture and plastic art called in French "Art Nouveau." It is characterized by strong vegetation inspiration, an emphasis on colorfulness, natural and rounded lines, and simple and local materials. The most famous Modernist architect is Gaudi, whose style is identified with him. He used style principles over and over again and used motifs like curved walls reminiscent of waves and almost constant avoidance of straight surfaces. He was not the only one to design in the modernist style - there were other architects who starred in this style in Barcelona, ​​such as Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Lluís Domènech i Montaner.



A Closer Look at the Hospital:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Leol7Mj4e50
Design Museum of Barcelona
El Cap de Barcelona
Botanical Garden of Barcelona
Güell Palace
Jardins de Mossèn Cinto Verdaguer


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

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אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.