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Barcelona
Barcelona
#About the City of Barcelona

Barcelona is the largest port city on the Mediterranean Sea. The number of residents in the metropolitan city is over 3 million people. Barcelona is an abnormal attraction. This city is much more European than other cities in Spanish.

Barcelona is the capital of the Catalonia region. Catalonians are much more liberal, cosmopolitan, and hardworking than the Spanish, and up to today they have kept their unique character, in contrast to the central Spanish authority in Madrid.

The city is very proud of its famous artists and artists. Among them are the artists Picasso and Juan Miro, the city's residents who made a great contribution to the world of art and gained international fame. But no less, the city commemorates and boasts the architectural works of Antoni Gaudi, the famous architect and artist, a city man who loved her so much and left her with countless charming structures, sculptures and spectacular design elements. Gaudi acted in an artistic and architectural style called Modernism. Modernism is actually the Catalan version of the style of architecture and plastic art called in French "Art Nouveau." Although he was not the only one who created in the Modernist style, Gaudi became so identified with i, that from all over the world visitors come to Barcelona to see the houses, the gardens and the art and design that he left behind, all in this style.

Near Barcelona are many beautiful Spanish beaches: Costa Brava, and a short sail away from here you can reach a magical island Palama De Mijorca.



#Must See

Want to see the most popular destinations? - Click on the tag "Must See in Barcelona".

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9ZRY9zY_AuA



#With Children

Family Vacation? - Click on the tag "Attractions for Children in Barcelona".

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ruUwmU4fms8



#Food

Looking for an unforgettable meal? - click on the tag, "Must eat in Barcelona".



#Tips

In most countries in Europe, since the tip is included in the bill, it is customary to give about 2 euros, no matter the size of the check.



#Spain Country Code

+34


#Savings

Order lunch from the set menus from the Del Dia restaurant.

The store chains Aldi and Lidl are cheap but offer mostly basic supplies. Caprabo is not as cheap, but has a variety of products.

Public transportation - buy a 10-ride card for trips in the city.

Sites - look at the website of each site, the time when the entrance to the sites are free.

Bus - a wonderful way to get to know Barcelona.



#Shopping

See recommended places for shopping in the city by clicking on the tag "Shopping in Barcelona".


#Entertainment

Many of the tourists who come to Barcelona come to enjoy its great nightlife and clubs. Most of the best clubs are in the La Zona Alta area north of the city center. Outstanding are the excellent Razzmatazz and Barcelona Pacha. Also known are the open dance floor in La Terrrazz, with the beautiful and beautiful of Barcelona, Marula Cafe, in the Gothic and strong bars of young people, the Moog club with techno and electronics, the Cuban Antila BCN, the Ocana starring on weekends, the Sala Apolo with House and Techno and the Jamboree with lots of hip-hop and funk music.

For great places for entertainment in the city, click on the tag "Entertainment in Barcelona".



#Electric Outlets

The required types of plugs are Types C, E, and F.



A taste of the upcoming trip? - Here's a video that will show you the city in all its beauty:

https://youtu.be/uOzwwZxjPRs
Camp Nou
Camp Nou
#About the Barca Stadium

Ladies and Gentlemen - you have reached the temple of European soccer. This is the home stadium of the Barcelona team. There is no Barca without Camp Nou. You can learn about the history of one of the most hailed soccer teams in the world.

The soccer stadium of the Barcelona team is Camp Nou, the "new field." There are 100,000 seats, and the entire place is about 55,000 square meters, making it the largest stadium in Europe, and one of the largest in the world.

In 1954, the first ceremony in Camp Nou took place. Then a crowd of about 60,000 came, and since then the crowds have only grown. For the premier game in the stadium, there was a crowd of 90,000 visitors, and the number of seats has only been growing since. The number of seats today reach 99,354.



#A Tour in the Barca Museum

In the stadium there is also the official museum for the Barcelona Soccer Club, known as Barca. If you book a tour in Camp Nou you can see the club museum with many souvenirs and historical items, a trophy room, multimedia room, dressing room, entrance tunnel, entrance to the stands, and the famous way to the field, as well as a souvenir shop at the entrance.

Beyond the soccer events here, there are also many cultural events, like performances by artists and concerts by talented musicians.

During a tour of the stadium you can also visit the Sports Museum. This is a new museum, modern and with a system of interactive speakers and light. There are two places where nostalgic items for the club are placed. On the first floor, you will mainly sculptures and items from different fields, and on the second-floor, writings and photos of the Barca players throughout the years.



#New Design

In 2007 the Club opened an international competition to design the stadium from scratch, to fit the new needs of the club. Over 80 architects applied with ideas for the new stadium, and finally, the design of Norman Foster and his company won, who designed Wembley Stadium. For the reconstruction about 250 million euro were put aside, with two important conditions: 1. respect the original building. 2. end the renovations in the shortest time possible and to continue to hold games during the works. Eventually, the plan was never executed for the lack of ability of the team to pay for the renovations.

7 years later, in 2014, it was decided to renovate the stadium anyways, and a plan was made to expand the seating places of the stadium to 105,000, covering the exits, adding VIP booths, and redoing the exterior of the stadium. The work is due to be finished around 2021.




A Closer Look at Camp Nou:

https://youtu.be/huOQ_IHXcy8


The FC Barcelona Football Stadium Tour:

https://youtu.be/UDkyCPhZ6nw
Font Mgica de Montjuc
Magic Fountain of Montjuïc
#About the Magical Fountain

One of the famous attractions of Barcelona, a celebration for both adults and children, is the Magic Fountain of Montjuïc (Font Màgica de Montjuïc). You can see its full glory, at the footsteps of the Royal Palace. Like many buildings around it, the Royal Palace was built for the World Expo of Barcelona in 1929. Beyond the large fountain, that cannot be missed, an impressive avenue leads to more than 80 small fountains.

The fountain was designed by the enlightened fountain designer Carles Buïgas. Before it was even built, Buïgas created particularly ambitious plans, and many doubted his ability to stand according to the short timetable. He did not give up, and he brought more than 3,000 workers that volunteered for the task, and a year of working lead to the opening exhibit that was held for the first fountain performance.

During the Spanish Civil War the fountain was severely damaged, and only in 1955 did renovations take place, overseen by Buïgas.

In the 1980's the fountain show was upgraded with music and lights. Special characteristics - the combination of the motion of water, together with the lights and music that joins in, creates a hypnotizing show for the whole family. Every half an hour a new show begins that lasts for about 10 minutes. Today the show combines music from movies, classical music, and songs by famous artists.


#Tips

The Magic Fountain is opened throughout the year on Friday and Saturday nights, and during summer also on Thursday nights.


A Closer Look at the Fountain:

https://youtu.be/i5EUo_1P0sg


A different atmosphere:

https://youtu.be/9TME56Fj_aQ


A visit:

https://youtu.be/8DFHyxlJdn0
Passeig de Grcia
Passeig de Gràcia
#About the Prestigious Avenue of Barcelona

This prestigious avenue, also one of the main avenues and the prettiest in Barcelona, in the past was surrounded by gardens that connected ancient Barcelona to the village of Garcia. In 1821, the local authority proposed the urbanization plan, and in 1824 the avenue was widened to 42 meters and was used as a preferred place for aristocrats, to demonstrate their riding skills and show their chariots.

In 1906 decorations of benches and lamps were added. During these years the avenue already began being a popular fashionable place. Today the avenue is one of the most popular shopping areas in Barcelona. There are many crowds and tourists here.

The boulevard itself is very well maintained and invested. The shop windows of the luxury stores attract the eye. This is one of the most prestigious boulevards because it is full of prestigious fashion stores (Chanel, Dolce & Gabbana, etc.). Alongside them are also more popular stores, such as Mango, Zara, Nike, and others. But the boulevard is not just for clothing buyers, because there are also home decor stores, bookstores and toys, cafes, restaurants and tapas bars.

On the avenue are some important architectural points, built in the style of "Modernism" (the style most identified with Barcelona). Especially note the Casa Mila (designed by Antoni Gaudi), the Casa Batlló, the Palau Robert (today the Catalan Tourist Office) and the Maribaba, where the Gaudí, Montaner, and Pocch buildings are located.



#History of the Avenue

One of the leading commercial areas and shopping centers in Barcelona. This is the Passeig de Gràcia, the Champs-Élysées you could say, of Barcelona.

In real estate terms, this is the most expensive avenue in Barcelona and Spain in general. There are a few architectural popular sites - Casa Milà, Casa Batlló, the fighting center, and more. These are also buildings that turned the avenue into the prestigious destinations in the city.

The prior name of the avenue was Camí de Jesús, meaning in Spanish "old road." At the start of the 19th century, and especially in 1827, it became the central location for the aristocracy to show their riding skills and their fancy carriages- which lasted for the entire 19th century.

In 1906 decorated benches were added with lamps. It was already thought of as fashionable back then so that many famous architects designed buildings along the road.



#What is on the Avenue?

We will now look at three houses next to one another, that are very impressive, that were built by three known Modernist architects.

The first, of course, is the architect Antoni Gaudi, who planned Casa Batlló, the third house on the right. The house was already built, and Gaudi only renovated. The person who commissioned the work was a rich businessman called Joseph Batlló. Notice the motifs return in all of Gaudi's buildings. These are the bright colors on the building and roof, the use of mosaics, and the combination of the neo-Gothic symbols resembling bones and skeletons. This is the reason many of Barcelona's residents call this building the House of Bones (Casa dels Ossos).

Can't see it? Try looking closely at the balconies.

In the middle of the three houses, you will see the wonderful Modernist building Casa Lleo Morera, with its round balconies and its columns. The architect who planned the wonderful building was Lluís Domènech i Montaner, another known Modernist architect. He is also known as the one who planned the magnificent Palau de la Musica Catalana of Barcelona, with musical decorations and a glass done with mosaics. Another known building he planned was the Saint Pau Hospital, of the most beautiful in the world. Other buildings by Montaner in Barcelona are the neo-Gothic Casa Quadras, a building whose entire exterior is decorated with statues and relics, and the Casa de les Punxes with the 6 pointed turrets and white facade, surrounded with decorated columns.

The architect Josep Puig I Cadafalch is the third who added to the last part of the buildings in Passeig de Gràcia. Its stylish design is replicated in all the buildings he designed. The flamboyant Casa Amatller has a decorated atrium with columns and a decorated entrance.




#What is the Modernism Style

The Modernism Style is actually a version of the Catalonian architectural style and the plastic art called in French Art Nouveau. It is characterized by a strong inspiration from nature, a strong emphasis on bright colors, natural lines and round edges, on simple and local materials. The most famous Modernist architect was Gaudi, and the style is really characterized by him. He used the points of this style, and used the motifs, like round walls, that remind of waves, and staying away from flat surfaces. He was not the only one who designed in this style, there were other architects in Barcelona, like Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Lluís Domènech i Montaner.


#Tips

Among luxury stores on the largest shopping avenue in the city, notice the large international clothing chains and the wonderful design stores, from household items to furniture.

Barcelona

Plaa Reial
Plaça Reial
#About the Tourist Square of the Barcelona Night

The square located in the Gothic Quarter of Barcelona is located near the La Rambla Avenue and is a main tourist destination, especially at night. In the square you can find many restaurants, cafes, night clubs, bars, and stores. Many times concerts were performed here in the open air, celebrations and festivals.

The square was planned by Francesc Daniel Molina i Casamajó in the 19th century. Notice the lamps on the famous street of Plaça Reial. These lamps, with 6 arms each, were designed by the famous Gaudi, the architect and artist who left his impact on every corner of this wonderful city. The lamps were planned by Gaudi in 1878, when he finished his studies. In 1902, when Gaudi was already famous and well-known, the lamps were placed in the square. Six arms on the lamps are great examples of Gaudi's abilities to combine usefulness, with decorations and aesthetics.

The fountain at the heart of the square also adds to the atmosphere here, and so do the street vendors and the shoe shiners on the street.

For stamp fans or coin collectors- on Sundays there is a covered market at the square for stamps with coins, a small but lively market.
Museu del Disseny de Barcelona
Design Museum of Barcelona
#About the Museum

The Design Museum of Barcelona operates for the good of the design world as a museum and lab. In the wonderful museum there is a focus on 4 departments: interior design, product design, information design, and fashion. The museum was built by Arquitectes MBM, and you can find collections that combine exhibits from different museums: Museum of Decorative Arts, Museum for Ceramics, Textile and Clothing Museum, and the Museum of Graphic Arts.

The history of Barcelona has always been tied to design, and there were a few museums where one could learn about the world of design. In 2000 it was decided to combine all the museums and build one center, that will enable the public to study and understand design in a much deeper experience. The building of the museum began in 2009. In 2013 construction was completed, and the museum was opened to visitors in 2014. All the collections having to do with the world of design were brought here and the museum was built in the building in Plaça de les Glòries Square.

The new building succeeds in creating ideal conditions for preserving, renovating and showing exhibits. The building is made of two parts - a basement level and a level at the height of 14.5 meters above ground.

Notice the special design and the angles of the building, especially from the outside. In building the exterior, two main elements were used: stone, and glass. The museum is a meeting point for people from the design industry. Its main purpose is to encourage research and financial activities having to do with design.


A Closer Look at the Museum:


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Szj9eIp0dbM
Torre Agbar
Agbar Tower
#About the Building that Looks like a Blue Cigar

The impressive skyscraper of Barcelona is nicknamed by locals, the "Blue Cigar," and you can probably guess why. The shape of the building reminds of a cigar, and the blue lights and emerge from it at night attract the attention of many visitors to Barcelona. Those who arrive at the area where the building is will immediately notice that the entire area is a business, shopping, and tech area in the city. The building was inaugurated on September 2005 by the King of Spain.

The Agbar Tower was planned by the Frech architect Jean Nouvel, known for his architecture in the neo-Gothic style, called Modernism, and characterized by decorations and round lines. The inspiration for the shape of the building came from the clifts of the Montserrat Mountain, located west of Barcelona and the Cathedral towers of La Sagrada Familia in the city.

The building is made of cement and covered in an aluminum and glass cover. There are 38 floors, and the building reaches a height of 145 meters. It is located at the center of Barcelona, and belongs to the international Agbar Group, who has ownership of the water company of Barcelona.

If we mentioned above the blue lights of the building, the truth is that the building is covered with 4,500 LED bulbs, that can switch colors quickly. The light show of Agbar Tower is great in the night hours, and should not be missed.


#What is the Modernism Style?

Modernist style is actually the Catalan version of the style of architecture and plastic art called in French "Art Nouveau." It is characterized by strong vegetation inspiration, an emphasis on colorfulness, natural and rounded lines, and simple and local materials. The most famous Modernist architect is Gaudi, whose style is identified with him. He used style principles over and over again and used motifs like curved walls reminiscent of waves and almost constant avoidance of straight surfaces. He was not the only one to design in the Modernist style - there were other architects who starred in this style in Barcelona, ​​such as Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Lluís Domènech i Montaner.



A Closer Look at the Skyscraper:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AHVOReIRBWM
Museu Martim de Barcelona
Maritime Museum
#About the Museum

If you are history fans, especially naval history, this museum is perfect for you. Here you can get to know the lives of the seafarers and their sailing machines.

The special building where you are standing used to be the royal shipyard, where ships used to be made, fixed, and stored. The first museum was established in 1929. Its purpose was to express and bring to life the studies of the old Navy School. At the same time, the museum and the library collected different art pieces from navy schools from around the world. In 1935 organizations in Barcelona decided to establish a large Navy museum, to help document and preserve the importance of the sailing and water activities to the city.

In the large space with arches above, which today is the Maritime Museum of Barcelona, you can see ship models and read stories about the seafarers. You can learn about the sailing history of Catalonia, and see different exhibits having to do with navigation and ships. The museum is suitable for children, and no less - adults.

Notice the model of the "Gally" - a flatboat that sails with oars or sails, that used to be operated by prisoners or slaves. This boat led the Spanish army to a big victory in 1571, against the Turkish ships.

Another perfect attraction for children is the sailing ship, located in one of the halls, where visitors can feel the movements from blowing winds around. Let children climb to the deck, and imagine themselves sailing to the heart of the ocean.

You can find here ship parts from the Roman period, reliefs from the Arab period, furniture of passengers, an exhibit dedicated to the development of steamships, and much more fascinating subjects. There are also maritime maps, ancient and rare, and are an inseparable part of the items displayed here.



A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ff4GUActZPs


Centre de Cultura Contempornia
Centre de Cultura Contemporània
#About the Center of Musical and Dance Events

The Centre de Cultura Contemporània is located right next to the Museum of Contemporary Art. The center is used to house music and dance events. Courses take place here, as well as exhibits, discussions, lectures, and more.

The center is located inside a building that was built as a monastery in the 13th century, and was used as a "Charity House." Throughout the years, the facade of the building was preserved, however, the inside became in 1994 a cultural center. In the current building you can see part of the original interior - three wings that together make three sides of a rectangle, around a large courtyard, called the "Women's Courtyard." As can be assumed, the building's courtyard was originally meant for women only.

Pay special attention to the northern wing in the inner court, built by a pair of Spanish architects, Villaplana and Piñón. They built a wall covered in mirrors, at the height of 30 meters. You can see the changing light off the mirrors and the city up to the sea.

In the center are different changing exhibits, having to do with special urban topics. There are the alternative film festival, festival for electronic music, courses and seminars about different topics - from art, politics, dance, cinema, and more.
Plaza de Toros Monumental
#About the Hall

The impressive hall, which you are now looking at, was originally built for the bullfights that took place in Catalonia. Yes, until a few years ago it was an arena for bullfights and wars against bulls that we designed.

Catalonia, as of the date of writing the guide, is the only province in Spain that has stopped the practice of bullfights. This has happened in a number of bullfights arena in recent decades, where bullfights have been banned under the law. In La Monumental, for example, bullfights were held until 2013.

The style of the building is Mori and Byzantine, and was inaugurated in 1914 under the name Plaza de El Sport. In 1916 it was renamed the Plaza Monumental de Barcelona. Today there are more than 20,000 visitors to the venue for music and circus performances.


#About the Bullfights

Bullfighting in Spain is an ancient ceremonial practice, often until the bull is killed. Bullfight is based on the bullfighter called "Matador," who uses a red cloth to irritate the bull and then fights with the sword until the warrior himself or the bull are hurt and surrender.

The roots of the bullfighting practice are very ancient and have already been found in the Bronze Age. The Bullfighter, with the red cloth, came later. What is amazing is that, contrary to popular belief, it is not the red color that causes the bull to get angry and attack the matador, but the waving of the canvas and its motion. A little amusing that the phrase "red rag" is common in the world to describe something irritating ...

This activity is popular in countries with Spanish culture, such as Spain, Mexico, Portugal, and even southern France. Bullfighters breed the most violent and nervous bulls.

In recent years, the bullfights have been outlawed in many countries and also in Spain, mainly because of the abuse of bulls. It turns out that beyond the abuse in the arena itself, in the weeks before the fight against the Matador, the bull is put through a process that exhausts him, by means of various and most cruel methods. For this reason, bullfights are highly contested, even among a large part of the Spanish public. This resistance is reinforced by animal rights organizations that strongly oppose the killing of animals for entertainment purposes.
Sant Pau del Camp
#About the Church

Most of the Romantic churches in Barcelona were destroyed throughout the years, and only a few can be seen today. The Sant Pau del Camp, of the most ancient in Barcelona, was built in the 10th century. It is located in the El Raval district and continues operating today. It is like a small and quiet gem in the midst of the urban mess of the big city.

In the building's facade visitors can see a gable with a round window. On the church walls you call see decorations of reliefs of stone that symbolize the holy trio, and winged figures decorating the entrance. The entrance gate is built of a half-circle arch, strongly characterizing the Romantic architecture, the Roman architecture.

In the church, the design is pretty simple, however, the monastery garden is unique and magical. Along the garden walls, are alcoves decorated with stone reliefs.
Church of Santa Anna
#About the Church

One of the hidden gems right at the center of the city of Barcelona, is the Church of Santa Anna (Parrquia de Santa Anna). Between wandering around the most popular shopping streets you can reach this church and go right back in time, to visit important and interesting places in the unknown building.

This quiet church is an island of solitude and peace in the heart of busy Barcelona. It is part of the Monastery of Santa Anna, that since the 12th century has belonged to the Order of the Holy Sepulcher. The beautiful church is built in the shape of a Greek cross, and it has a Romanesque style, a style that reminds of the Roman style. Its exterior is totally Gothic, like its dome, the monastery and the chapel, from the 15th century.

The Romanesque window in the cornice, inside the church, as well as the transept (the broad section of the church in the shape of the cross) and the dome all depict scenes from the Book of Genesis. In the church, right next to this part, you can see the chapel of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. You will recognize it according to the reproduction that stands there, of sculpture from 1936.

It is no less interesting to see the dormitories of the monks in the church. They were built in the 15th century, and are of all different styles, really showing the different evolution that happened from the Gothic-Catalan style until the Renaissance style.
Museu Frederic Marès
#About the Museum

In the Museu Frederic Marès there is a wide variety of pieces of art that were donated to Barcelona by the Barcelona artist, Frederic Marès. The building where it is located it, in the 18th century was a palace, at the first for Barcelona's Counts, and later for King Aragon of Catalonia. Also in the 20th century, starting from 1948 many important guests have stayed here.

In the museum are art pieces displayed from between the 11th to 18th centuries. Among the rest, you can see items from the daily lives of the Catalonian people, as well as design objects, stone statues, columns, wood statues, ancient ceramics, and more.

The Collector's Cabinet shown here contains tens of thousands of items, a huge collection of items documenting different traditions and actions from the past, mainly from the 19th century. You can also find entertaining and unique items, like fans, pipes, watches, jewelry, photographs, keys, pharmacy bottles, and a lot more - all these are displayed in a special intimate atmosphere.

On the second floor of the museum there is an area that contains a series of sculpted items by Frederic Marès, from his personal library and the collection that the artist himself chose to publically display. The exhibit opened to the public in June 1996, and is displayed to this day. In addition, you can see an area of personal belongings.

In the museum there is a special section dedicated for the Jewish community, where visitors can see ancient holy items, Books of Esther, Mezuzot, and original scriptures.
Gran Teatre del Liceu
#About Barcelona's Central Theater

Gran Teatre del Liceu, the large theater in Barcelona, is known mostly for the impressive operas that are performed here. It is located across from the Mercado de La Boqueria, and is considered one of the largest and leading theaters in Europe.

The theater opened in 1847 with private funding and its main purpose was to promote musical education. It soon gained an international reputation and became one of the most important opera houses in Spain. But the building was not always as impressive and beautiful as it is today. In two fires in the building, the ongoing activity was halted and years of renovation and reconstruction were required in order to restore it to its activity.

The first fire took place in 1861. The fire caused damage, but was not severe. After a year, the theater opened again to visitors. In 1993, about a year after the Olympic Games in Barcelona, ​​following an electric short circuit, a fire broke out and destroyed the place. The renovators used old photographs and sketches and tried to preserve the original appearance of the theater. The damage was so severe that it took six whole years to renovate and restore the hall and stage. In 1999, after all that has happened, the theater reopened to the public.

The theater has over 2,200 seats. Here, you can listen to different operas by Vardi, Donizetti, Bizet, and Mozart, sung by the best singers in the world. Every day at 10:00 am a guided tour begins of the theater, that lasts for about half an hour.


#About the Class Characterizations at the Theater

In the past, there was a clear separation between the different classes. The main entrance to the theater, the one located on La Rambla Avenue, was for the upper class and nobility. They paid an extraordinary amount of money, and the main entrance led them straight to their comfortable viewing boxes. These boxes had the best view of the stage, and visitors enjoyed the great view with fantastic acoustics.

The lower class, those who could not pay the viewing box prices, entered the theater from a side street called San Pau, and sat in the upper galleries. Viewing the stage from this angle was not so great, and the acoustics in the upper galleries was not as great either.

Today, all the visitors enter from the main entrance on La Rambla Avenue, thought the ticket price differences still exist, and is pretty large.



#What is the Theater's Hall of Mirrors?

From the atrium, you can see wide steps leading to the Hall of Mirrors, whose walls are covered with large mirrors. This is also where visitors used to gather during intermissions. However, as you can imagine, these were only members of the upper class, nobility, and dignitaries.

Take a look at the ceiling frescoes, where you can see the god Apollo sitting on a train, surrounded by nine muses. On the walls of the hall there are quotes and sentences that idealize music, and also many golden decorations.

In 1937, during the Spanish Civil War, the whiplash of an explosion from a bomb that fell near the theater, caused the collapse of the ceiling and huge damage to the theater. The ceiling was recreated, of course, and the theater was renovated a few years later.
Parc del Centre del Poblenou
#About Barcelona's Central Park

Parc del Centre del Poblenou is one of the gems that were left by the well-known French architect Jean Nouvel, who left his mark in several places in Barcelona. Here you can see "New Barcelona," that developed around the Diagonal neighborhood, and the new park, considered the personal Central Park of the Poblenou neighborhood.

The park has turned in the city's green source that was so needed here, and was established in 2008, the size of 55,000 square meters. It combines many things and gives out a little post-industrial vibe, like the area that surrounds it. The reason is that Poblenou, the new neighborhood, was once the heart of Barcelona's textile industry. In the park you can see one of the buildings from that time, one of the only ones to survive. This place has the original chimney. With time, the old buildings made of ancient bricks were replaced with modern buildings and large hotels. The neighborhood, just like its name, has renewed itself.

The park is surrounded by a tall wall, covered with climbing plants. There are four children playing areas, including climbing walls, sliding areas and ping pong tables. When the park was first opened, the tree trunks were all painted white, to imitate buildings, and as the trees grew and color faded, and turned into a more brownish color. The many trees provide shade, and you can pass quality, family and romantic time here, on the wide-open lawns.



A Closer Look at the Park:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wqsonBwFUpg
Parc de Cervantes
#About the Park with the Special Rose Garden

Parc de Cervantes covers 4,000 square meters and is found at the head of Avinguda Diagonal.

The garden is known mostly for the impressive rose garden, with over 15,000 roses from over 245 species. It may look small, but you can spend quite a lot of time here. The park was first opened to visitors in 2001, and since then the number of varieties from around the world has only grown. You can enjoy the colorful views almost year-round.

The park is divided by tracks, where visitors can walk and learn about the history and the origin of the roses there. You can choose different paths, and learn about the development of the roses in Asia, America, Europe, the Middle East, and more. Among the rose species, you will see in the garden are both old and newer species.

The walking lanes are wide and welcome runners, athletes, bike riders, who turn the park to really attractive. Visitors can come here to listen to lectures, workshops, discussion groups and conferences. In the park you will find a small museum in the open air, and small corners where you can catch a few quiet peaceful minutes, and have nice picnics.

Each year, at the beginning of May, the park hosts an international contest, where you can see more than 60 new varieties of roses, displayed in a special exhibit at the center of the park.



A Closer Look at the Park:

https://youtu.be/yy82ysGR1vk?t=13s
Torre de Collserola
#About the Communication Tower

The tower with the unique design is located at the top of Tibidabo Mountain in Barcelona. It was built in 1991 for the summer Olympics that took place in 1992.

The tower was planned by the architect Sir Norman Foster, and two Spanish citizens who helped with the effort of the design. The futuristic and impressive design hints at the purpose of TV and radio offices. The diameter of the tower is 4.5 meters, and it weighs 3,000 tons.

The upper antenna reaches the height of about 290 meters, and it is the height observation point over the city. The tenth floor of the tower is open to the general public.

The cables you see around the tower are holding the tower up: the lower cables are made of three groups of 180 cables, stretched and made of metal, 15 millimeters in diameter. The upper cables are made of three groups of 7 cables, 56 millimeters in diameter.

In the building there a venue for events at the height of 560 meters above sea level.



A Closer Look at the Torre de Collserola:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OmiVYmGB0no


Tibidabo
#About the Tall Hill Protecting Barcelona

The mountain range is about 500 meters tall, one mountain stands most impressive in the Barcelona area, named Tibidabo. Because the mountain is so tall, you can see it from all over the city.

Tibidabo overlooks beautiful Barcelona. There is an amusement park that has existed for over 100 years.

On the mountain there is also a TV tower that is 288 meters tall, that provides a spectacular view of the area.

On the mountain you will see the Temple of the Sacred Heart of Jesus that overlooks Barcelona. The Basilica was built between 1902-1961 in the neo-Gothic style and is almost a complete copy of the Sacré-Cœur in Paris.


A Closer Look at the Hill:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jIeKCDYeZeU
Tibidabo Amusement Park
#About the Amusement Park of Mount Tibidabo

On the mountain range that is about 500 meters tall, stands an impressive and high amusement park, named Tibidabo. On the mountain is an amusement park, that has existed for about 100 years. The amusement park was established in 1901, and the idea for its establishment came from Salvador Andreu.

Not all the rides in the park are new and shiny. The rides in the park are old and have a long history. In the park is also a theater, for screening 3-D movies. In the park itself you can get from place to place on a small electric train, that will take you on a short tour of about 15-20 minutes. After bankruptcy, the park was bought by the city of Barcelona that decided to save it from destruction and total closure.



A Closer Look at the Park:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yxXC5-JhRUI
Gaudí House Museum
#About the House in the Park, Where the Famous Architect Lived

The Gaudi Museum is located in the cute pinkish house, with green windows, and a pointed green chimney. The interesting Gaudi House is also characterized by the colorfulness that is seen, the Modernist style, so connected with Gaudi, is a little more held back here than in his other works. This is actually the Catalonian version of the French architectural style called Art Nouveau. It is characterized with strong inspiration from nature, an emphasis on vibrant colors, natural and round lines, and simple and local elements.

In the house lived Gaudi with his family between the years 1906 - 1929. The house overlooks Park Güell, probably the most well-known and popular work by Gaudi. The house is actually right inside the park, at the heart of a green area full of trees.

In an exhibit shown at the museum, you can see the everyday life of Gaudi, as well as rooms, personal items, and furniture, that were an inseparable part of the original house. The museum also shows Gaudi's work as a designer, for if you though his strong suit was large and impressive buildings, you can see different art pieces he created - interesting chairs, metal gates, statues, and more.

There is a reason it is so interesting to wander around this museum. It is interesting and fascinating to discover where Gaudi sought inspiration for his buildings from, how he lived, and what interested the genius.


#What is the Modernism Style?

Modernist style is actually the Catalan version of the style of architecture and plastic art called in French "Art Nouveau." It is characterized by strong vegetation inspiration, an emphasis on colorfulness, natural and rounded lines, and simple and local materials. The most famous Modernist architect is Gaudi, whose style is identified with him. He used style principles over and over again and used motifs like curved walls reminiscent of waves and almost constant avoidance of straight surfaces. He was not the only one to design in the modernist style - there were other architects who starred in this style in Barcelona, ​​such as Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Lluís Domènech i Montaner.


A Closer at the House:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0F7UYLfYb6k
Barcelona Pavilion
#About the Pavilion that Was a Modernist Architectural Breakthrough

The German pavilion that was established for the World Expo of Barcelona in 1929 is considered a breakthrough in the history of Modernist architecture. It was designed by the German architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, who is considered one of the founding fathers of the Modernism style in architecture, with the international founders. He is one of the most influential architects of the 20th century.

The purpose of the building was for the display at the Expo, and so the design was purposefully simplified. The real breakthrough came through its use of space, the use of building materials and minimalist design. With that, the Barcelona Pavilion was built using expensive materials, like marble and Trenton stone,

The German pavilion stands on a wide and flat podium. It has a roof that is supported by 8 thin metal columns. Near the pavilion is a pool, and inside the architect actualized the idea of flowing space, with walls that do not connect to one another, or glass walls.

Especially for this pavilion, the architect designed one of the most known chairs in the world of design, a chair that was given the name, "Barcelona Chair." These chairs were used by the Royal Spanish couple, and today this chair is still very successful and considered an icon worldwide. Today it is also sold by the thousands each year.

With the end of the Expo, the pavilion was taken apart, and its pieces were sent on a train to Germany. However, during transportation, many of the pieces were lost. For its great importance, the pavilion was reconstructed, using the exact same materials. For this purpose, the reconstructors collected and analyzed hundreds of photos of the old pavilion, and it was completely reconstructed, apart from the Classical columns that stood at the entrance. From 1986 visitors could come and see the reconstructed pavilion, that was opened for the general public.



#What is the Story with the Barcelona Chair?

The Barcelona Chair is a chair known especially, that was designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Lilly Reich for the German Pavilion, during the World Expo of Barcelona in 1929. The industrial-Modernist style of the chair has had a big impact on Modernist furniture design. Usually, the chair has a matching footstool.

Ludwig Mies was educated and especially broad-minded. So he took inspiration, for the planning of the chair, from folding chairs from the ancient Roman period. The result is known: the chair became a real icon, and it is among the most celebrated and loved Modernist furnitures, until today.




A Closer Look at the Pavilion:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TPDcNUBQwBw&t=110s
Avinguda Diagonal
Catalan Museum of Archaeology
Fundació Antoni Tàpies
Casa Amatller
Plaza Espana


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