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Memento Park
Memento Park
#About the Park with the Communist Statues

One of the places far away from the center of the city is Memento Park. In the park were placed statues that in the past were located in important places around the city, and no one today wants to see around.

These statues praised the Communist rule in Hungary, and promoted socialist ideas. In the Communist Era they used to be spread around everywhere. In the Realist Socialist style, typical of the time, that did not stop reminding what so many Hungarians wanted to forget. There were large statues of Communist leaders like Lenin and Stalin, figures of Socialists Marx and Engels, soldiers of the Soviet army, who saved Hungary from the Nazis and Hitler, and working farmers from the Proletariat, which always seemed beautiful, energetic, and incredibly strong.

All these were moved far away, with the downfall of Communism, from the squares and parks around the city, many remained in pieces, ruined by the ones who suffered from the hand of the hypocrite regime. This police force cost the lives of Socialists, but itself enjoyed the perks of the large and Capitalist world.

"Far from the eye and far from the heart" some say. The statues that have survived the downfall of Communism and moved to a park on the edge of the city, to a park called "The Park in Memory of the Communist Era."

Officially, the park opened in 1993 with 42 statues. Their concentration is sure to bring back some uncertainty to people, but the truth is that the joy of people can almost be heard - to have survived the Communist rule. How good it is to be free!


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/6NYW6pHtyRM


How it Was Created:

https://youtu.be/qOU9ctbH1-Y
Citadella
Citadella
#About the Citadel with the Impressive Lookout of Budapest

The Citadella is an impressive fortress, that was built in the 19th century on a hill that overlooks the city. The Citadella was built by the Austrian Emporer, after the Hungarian Independence War. It was created to strengthen the control of the Emporer and ruler of the Hapsburg house, over the residents of the city of Budapest, after they rebelled against the empire.

To tell the truth, the Citadella itself is not so interesting. This is an impressive place for panoramic photos that can be shoot here - of the city, of the Danube, and the rest of what is around.

Want romance? - Get here at night, or at sunset, and you will be rewarded by a romantic and pretty view of the city at twilight and the twinkling lights.

Next to the Citadella is the famous Freedom Monument, that was established by the Communists as a memorial for Soviet soldiers, who freed Hungary from Nazi rule. Go see it yourself - it is beautiful and well lit up at night.




A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/qChrghXbCtA


Photos from the Summer:

https://youtu.be/bsKOSoBpqkM
Hilton Budapest
Hilton Budapest Hotel
#About the Hotel that Combined Historical Remains and a Modern Building

In Hesz Andras ter you can see the Hilton Budapest Hotel, that was built over the remains of a Dominican monastery on Citadel Hill in Buda.

The architecture of the building combines in a special way between the modern and renovated building between the ancient remains of the historic monastery, instead of hiding and destroying it, and was actually incorporated by the architects very beautifully.

In retrospect, the combination between the ancient and modern is so successful, that the hotel became a tourist destination in itself. Many tourists that are not staying at the hotel come here to gamble at the great casino, or come to see the genius and respectful architecture, that stirs that new and the old.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/_VuI4pipHX8
Buda Castle
Buda Castle
#About the Large Castle Built on a Hill

Buda is a city on a hill, that has maintained its look from the Middle Ages. At that time cities were built with protective walls, against invaders. Buda Castle is a beautiful and protective castle, at a height of 50 meters above the Danube River. It is located on a hill, from where Budapest was created, west to the river. The location of the castle has a good reason - protection against enemies.

The history of the castle begins in the 13th century, when Mongolian tribes conquered Hungary and destroyed Pest, that was built on the opposite side of the Danube River. At first, a dungeon was built here by King Béla, and later the rest of the castle was built.

For a wonderful lookout over the city, come to the see the complex of the castle day or night. Recommended lookout points are without a doubt the Fisherman's Bastion (Halaszbastya), near the Matthias Church (Matyas Templom) - two must-see sites on the hill.

In the castle area there are many interesting buildings, including museums, a Military History Museum, Museum for Music History and Museum of Trade. In the King's Castle, you can see the National Gallery and the Museum for the History of the city. You can enter a system of underground tunnels, and the tomb of the Turkish slave, Rahman Ali. More interesting sites are the recreated Castle Theater, and the Eagle Statue, Turul Statue, the legendary protector of Hungary.


#Tips

You can get to the castle by stairs and also by the funicular, a cable car that brings people to the top of the hill - a little spendy but a nice an experience.

If you are interested in the history of Budapest, enter the museum of history in the castle.



A Closer Look Around the Castle:

https://youtu.be/FbvsWnAUfIc

Buda

Budavari Siklo
Budavari Siklo
#About Budapest's Funicular

The funicular train that brings people from the hillside to the hilltop, and returns them to the bottom, is called the funicular Budavari Siklo. The nice part of the funicular is that during the entire way it affords travelers a glance to the breathtaking view around.

In Budapest, mostly tourists use this funicular, from the Clark Adam Square to the King's Castle on Citadel Hill (Budai Várnegyed).

Of course, there is a way to get to the castle on foot, with many stairs, but most tourists prefer the more expensive and faster option.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/CL8STGVddsc
Matthias Church
Matthias Church
#About the Beautiful Church on the Citadel Hill

Matthias Church (Matyas Templom) bears the name of King Matthias, who married the love of his life, Queen Beatrice. Previously it was called "Our Lady's Church."

The church was built in the 15th century on the ruins of an ancient church built here in the 13th century. King Charles Rover arrived here from Anjou after his official coronation at Skaschfuhrer and was crowned in another religious ceremony.

The Matthias Church was built in the 13th century, but what we see today is mostly reconstruction from the 19th century. Then the church was built in the neo-Gothic style we see today. In the magnificent church space, there are wonderful stained-glass windows. As is customary in such churches, the magnificent 19th-century stained-glass windows depict events from the lives of Christian saints.

If you look to the right of the apse, you will see steps leading to the church museum. Here are religious artifacts, Christian icons and a hint of the treasures of the past by the kings of Hungary.

There is also a reconstruction of a medieval crypt, that holds remains of ancient graves.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/NKaob1-BgGY
Clark Adam square
Clark Adam Square
#The Square Where Distances in Hungary are Measured

Like the Notre Dame Square in Paris is the place where distances are measured for all of France, from the Clark Adam Square (Clark Ádám tér) in Budapest distances are measured for all of Hungary.

Notice the stone in the shape of the number zero, placed in the square. This stone is used at the official location where distances are measured from - from Budapest around Hungary and Europe.



#Who was Clark Adam?

Clark Adam was a British engineer who built the Széchenyi Chain Bridge nearby, and the tunnel under the Buda hill, the Castel Hill.

From Clark Adam Square board the funicular train (Budavari Siklo) to the top of Buda Hill, or Castle Hill, where the King's Castle is located. This is an easy way to climb the 260 meters to the top of the hill, instead of taking the stairs. Don't want to use the electric train? You can catch the bus, number 26, to the top of the hill.



Not the Most Normal Visit:

https://youtu.be/q-Lap0tu-zA
Gellrt Hegy
Gellért Hill Monument
#About the Gellért Monument

We know you see an impressive monument before you, a statue of a man waving a cross. This is the statue of Gellért Hegy, the saint of the city of Budapest. The statue, which stands 140 meters above sea level and is surrounded by a decorative column arch, commemorates Gellért who died in the city while trying to convert the pagans of the young city.

This impressive statue and monument was erected at the beginning of the 20th century by the sculptor Jankovits. He sculpted Gellert as a vigorous man and gave him a great deal of resolve and determination. The statue seems to be waving a cross to the city's inhabitants as proof.


#The Story of St. Gellert

Gellért was the one who spread Christianity in the 11th century. According to Christian tradition, St. Gellért died a martyr. It was when the pagans, whom he tried to persuade to convert to Christianity, pushed him into a barrel and rolled him in a barrel down the hill, straight into the Danube River.

It is important to understand that these were not just pagans who opposed Christianity. They were followers of Paganism, idolatry, which was still accepted in many areas of medieval Europe. They not only opposed Christianity but killed and robbed quite a few Hungarian churches and monasteries of those days. The priests were often burned alive, together with the churches that were set on fire. At the head of the pagan revolt that killed Gellért, there was a nobleman named Vati.

Versions are varied. One legend tells that they pushed him down, in a barbed barrel. Another version speaks of a two-wheeled cart down the mountain, with poor Gellért in it. There are those who say that Gellért did not die rolling down and when he reached the bottom of the mountain, the pagan crowd attacked him and lynched him with stones and bayonets. Either way, it is was cruel death, for the future of the one to become the saint of the city and one of the most important Christian figures in the history of Hungary.

Gellért's body was then placed in a sarcophagus, which was placed in the Cathedral of the Virgin Mary in the city. There are stories about the stone, which according to legend, was the final blow to the cathedral in the city of Hernad, but the cathedral itself was destroyed by the Mongols later in history.


Fishermen's Bastion
Fishermen's Bastion
#About the Citadel That did Not Protect Anything.

Fishermen's Bastion (Halaszbastya) is a sort of Romantic monument is a kind of monument to the Fisherman's Guild which has seven towers that symbolize the seven tribes from which the Hungarian people were born. It is an ornate building and even a little "kitschy", which will be explored in a lot of surprises, steps and amusing corners.

The special building was erected at the end of the 19th century in honor of the thousandth anniversary of the settlement of the city. From here you can look out over the city and the river and see St. Stephen's Church, the beautiful Parliament, Margaret Island and the Suspension Bridge.

In fact, the fort was built with no real defensive intentions and seemed to be mainly for beauty. Its seven turrets symbolize the seven tribes that settled here for the first time more than 1,000 years ago.

The architecture of this magnificent building is a fascinating combination of neo-Roman style and neo-Gothic style. You can see this by mixing the tall turrets, with large windows, that bring a lot of light into the building, arched windows and more.

There is some ambiguity about the origins of the Fisherman's Bastion. One conjecture is that the name was given to it from a fish market, which existed in the area in the distant past. Another conjecture connects the name to a local tradition that tells us that in the Middle Ages the members of the local fishermen's guild protected this side of the hill.



#Why is This Citadel Good?

The answer to this question is, of course, symbolic, since this fort was erected for the city's celebrations at the end of the 19th century. But for anyone, this fortress is the most spectacular observation point and spot in the city of Budapest.

From the second floor of the fortress you can take photos comfortably that will come out great. There is an entrance fee. If you want just a nice photo and do not want to go up, then grab a little corner near the lower floor, where the restaurant is located.




#Tips

Be aware of pickpocketers that tend to roam this area.

Next to the restaurants and cafes in this area are many souvenir shops. These are substantially more expensive than the souvenir shops in town.

A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/TAC5zQ-9mFg?t=19s
Heroes' Square
#About Heroe's Square

The impressive Heroe's Square (Hősök tere) is located at the end of the known street at the heart of Pest, the eastern plateau side of the city.

Actually, the square acts as the entrance to the City Park, the public park of Budapest. At the center is the Millennium Monument, the 1000 year monument, built in a semi-circular shape. The establishing of the monument began in 1896, to commemorate the conquering of Hungary by the Magyars - with its roots in the Urals and western Siberia. The Magyars wandered to Hungary in the 8-9th century, and settled. They represent the ancestors to most of Hungary's residents today.

At the center of the monument there is a marble column, 36 meters tall, and at the top is a statue of Gabriel, the symbol of Catholic Christianity, holding in his hand the holy crown and a large cross, just like the legend tells about the King of Hungary, Stephen I, did in his time.

On both sides of the marble column are statues with 7 central figures from Hungarian history. These were the leaders of the Magyars tribes who conquered Hungary. On both sides of the monument the story is told of the past 1000 years in Hungary, with plaques and different statues.

Today many protests and gatherings take place here, as this place represents a meeting place in the city center. There are also formal governmental ceremonies that take place here.

With the history in the square, there are 2 ingredients in the Heroe's Square of great significance: The Art Gallery which was established in 1896, and the Art Museum that was added to the square in 1906. the Millennium Monument connects between the two.



A Closer Look at Night:

https://youtu.be/WKg9Epy-1-0
Varosliget City Park
#About Budapest's Public Park

Varosliget City Park is pretty and well maintained, this is the largest public park in Budapest. There are many plants, and a pastoral feeling.

At the park there are many attractions, among them the man-made lake, the Budapest Zoo, the popular Széchényi Spa, the Heroe's Square at the entrance to the park, the Budapest circus, the beautiful Vajdahunyad Castle, botanical gardens, Transportation Museum, and the weekend flea market.

The park is one of the most recommended places to visit on spring and summer weekends. For the most part, on weekends, festivals and such take place here, and the atmosphere is festive all over the park. In winter as well, it is a lovely place to visit, especially when each winter an ice rink is created under the Vajdahunyad Castle.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/MPHG7RT4cmI


Another Look:

https://youtu.be/C0IT12klz78
Vajdahunyad Castle
#About the Castle in the Public Park

Vajdahunyad Castle (Vajdahunyadvár Castle) is a beautiful castle located at a public park in Budapest, in Varosliget City Park. Today, it hosts the Hungarian Museum of Agriculture.

Actually, the beautiful castle is an open architectural museum, an architectural stunt by architect Ignác Alpár in 1896. In the eclectic castle, 21 different buildings were collected, taken from different regions and representing different periods and styles that characterize Hungarian building - from the Romanesque architecture, to Gothic architecture, and of the Renaissance-Baroque.

It seems that the main reason that this castle is known and loved around Budapest is that during winter the man-made lake nearby becomes an ice skating rink. During winter, many Budapest locals come here to enjoy the cold outdoor air, family time together or with friends, the rink is completely free.

For this reason, there is a skating club nearby, a bright colored building that was planned by Lechner Ödön. This is a long building, with glass windows and metal frames.

In the courtyard of the castle, there is a sculpture garden, with statues of the world's greatest people, and greatest Hungarians. But the interesting thing, is that with figures like Washington and Churchill, the most famous and beloved statue here is actually "Gallus Anonymous" - a clerk whose identity is unknown and sculpted as a figure wearing a hood without a face. This is the clerk of the court of the king of Hungary, Bella III, who wrote the history of his time, one of the most important in the history of Hungary. This is how Hungarians treat officials who do their work faithfully.



A Visit in the Beautiful Castle:

https://youtu.be/wzXnYgLkb2I



A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/A-4Tc_LbH-0



In Winter:

https://youtu.be/JlyMDdfxN0U
Gellert Hill
#About the Hill Above Budapest

Gellert Hill (Gellért Hegy) is a tall hill above the area of the castle and the city of Budapest, and has a great view of the whole city. The hill, which stands out for everyone day and night, is located in Buda, and is 235 meters tall above the river. It is named after Bishop Gellert, who spread Christianity around Hungary in the 11th century and died as a saint.

The green and lit up hill is identified thanks to the impressive freedom monument at the top of the hill, and is a wonderful viewpoint over the city. Notice how beautiful the Danube river is from here. See the bridges that connect the two sides. Look down the tree covered hill, covering the hill all the way to the bottom. The view in the evening hours is also incredible.

From the side of the city, the statue of Gellert is clearly seen at all hours of the day and night. In the statue, Gellert is seen waving a cross to the people of the city, and around him are columns in a semi-circular shape. The natural stream that comes from the mountain becomes a waterfall in front of the statue, which only makes it a much more impressive sight.

On the hill is also a citadel, a low fortress that the Austrian Habsburg emperors built to strengthen their control over the city's residents, after the Hungarian Independence War (1848-1849).



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/IXN_RMkWIUM?t=20s
Saint Stephen Statue
#About the Large Statue of the Kings of Hungary

The Saint Stephen Statue, located between the Fisherman's Bastion and Matthias Church, is an impressive bronze statue, placed on a multi-level stone base, with four marble lions carved at each edge.

In the statue, Stephen (István), the first king of Hungary, is seen riding on a horse and carrying a royal wand in his right hand. St. Stephen, the first Hungarian Christian king, was crowned in 1001. He was born a pagan, but was baptized at the age of ten, as part of an alliance his father had made with the neighboring Christian states.

Stephen was the first Christian king of Hungary. When he received the monarchy, he was fought by pagan nobles, including his uncle, who was supposed to take power and felt deceived. But Stephen succeeded in uniting all the Midian tribes and was assisted by the Christian nobles of Slovakia.

When Stephen asked Pope Sylvester II to recognize him as a Christian king and allow him to appoint bishops, the latter refused. But one night later, in the dream of the Pope, the angel Gabriel appeared and ordered him to agree to the request of the Hungarian king. This dream, by the way, is commemorated in the statue of the Archangel Gabriel, which was placed on a post at the Heroes' Square in Budapest. The Pope fulfilled the angel's decree and sent a golden crown to Stephen, which had since become the symbol of Hungary. The crown was attached to an apostolic cross and a letter that recognized him as a Christian king.

From here, St. Stephen divided Hungary into districts and duchies, and ordered every ten villages to build a church and appoint a priest. He himself used to visit secretly and in disguise, the churches and cities, and donated money to the needy and the people he met. Legend has it that even when he was robbed by a bunch of beggars, he was exposed as the king, but spared their lives.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/xMa0k7MKSM0
Statue of Andreas Hadik
#About the Statue of the Horse with the Shiny Balls

The statue of Andras Hadik is a nice statue placed on a small street on Buda Hill. You can see an important man riding a horse, not an unusual sight in European cities like Budapest. But look closely, this statue has something interesting about it.

Notice the contrast of the color of the horse, to the horses' balls, on Castle Hill in Buda. For whoever saw the statue of Juliet in the city of Verona, Italy, knows that the shiny part of a statue is the one that is usually touched by endless amounts of people. While the one who touches for Juliet are by tourists, the ones to touch the balls of the horse are...students!

Every year, in May, when the students in Budapest begin finals, students come to shine the balls of the horse, as a good luck charm on their exams.

If you thought that maybe these actions are embarrassing, think again. This is a real ceremony - the Ceremony of Shining of the Balls.
Liberty Statue
#About the Impressive Monument at the Top of Gellert Hill

The Liberty Statue (Szabadság-Szobor) is a particularly impressive monument, displaying a woman in the wind, carrying a branch of a palm tree. The woman's statue, which stands 30 meters high, commemorates the memory of the Russian cavalry from World War II, the same soldiers who fought and conquered Budapest from the Nazis. It was designed by Zsigmond Kisfaludi Strobl and installed here in 1947 by the Soviet authorities.

After the collapse of the Communist regime in Hungary, there was a public debate about whether or not to remove the monument, which reminded many here of the Soviet oppression. The final decision was to leave the large statue of the large woman holding the palm tree branch, but to remove the statue of the Soviet soldier, which stood at the base of the monument and erased all the statements devoted to the Soviet army. Instead, the Hungarians preferred to write general thanks to "all those who sacrificed their lives for the independence, freedom and prosperity of Hungary."

Historically, by the way, the monument was planned before 1947 by Admiral Horthy, the ruler of Hungary at the time, but in the end, it was the Soviets who built it.


How the Statue Fits Into the City of Budapest:

https://youtu.be/7hB4ef4wcG8


A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/FBFGnhetksM
Kiralyi Palota
#About the Royal Palace of Hungary

The Royal Palace, Kiralyi Palota (Királyi Palota), on the Citadel Hill is a large and magnificent palace, which has been destroyed five times throughout history. It has caves, ancient streets and palaces, all part of the Old Town Buda and the complex of its old castle.

In recent years, the ceremony of changing the guard (Sandor Palota), which the Hungarians began to hold at the entrance to the presidential residence, became a kind of tourist attraction. The ceremonies can be seen every hour on the western entrance to the palace.

The palace was built in the 13th century and has since undergone periods of many renovations and innovations, the destruction of foreign armies and wars and many political changes.

Today the palace hosts two of Hungary's most important museums - the National Gallery (Galeria Nemzeti), which presents some of the country's most beautiful collections of art and displays Hungarian art at its best, from the Middle Ages to the present.

More in the Palace is the Museum of the History of Budapest, where you can learn about the city's twisting and changing history.

The Hungarian National Library is also located in the palace.


A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/6YSmQ_QH70s



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/MZ9w-nbSk9w


Dohány Street Synagogue
#About the Big Synagogue of Budapest

Dohány Street Synagogue (Dohány utca Synagoga) was built in 1859. This is without a doubt the most prominent and important place in the Jewish quarter of the city.

The "Tabakgasse Synagogue" as it is sometimes called, is the largest synagogue in Europe. Why "Tabakgasse" you ask? It means tobacco in Hungarian. The three floors of the synagogue can hold up to 3,000 worshippers. It is interesting to note the contrast between the design of the building, which includes Islamic features, and what was introduced into it, which included Christian and church characteristics, such as an organ, a stage at the front and more.

On top of it being an operating synagogue, the building is also the site for the memorial of the 565,000 Hungarian Jews who were murdered in the Holocaust. During the Nazi occupation of Hungary, the synagogue was included in the Jewish Ghetto, and it became a central location for detaining many Jews.

The building includes also the Jewish Museum of Budapest, and many Jewish graves of the Jews from the quarter. There is a monument and a plaque for the memory of the Hungarian Jews who were killed during World War I and were murdered during the Holocaust by the Nazis.

The entrance to the synagogue is with a paid ticket, with the funds being used for the upkeep of the building.



#Architecture of the Synagogue Building

The synagogue was designed in the Mori style, Islamic and Northern-African, characterized by arches and decorations that repeat themselves. The style here combines Gothic elements with varied Islamic characteristics.

The architect Ludwig Förster placed at the exterior of the building two towers 43 meters tall. At the head of the towers are domes shaped like onions. In the center of the facade is a window in the shape of a flower and next to it are decorated windows.

The Islamic characteristics are also reflected in the colorful ceramic tile in which the synagogue is built from the outside, and the synagogue floor, where you can see a mosaic with geometric illustrations. Its walls are also decorated with gold and colorful geometric shapes.

The interior of the synagogue contains, as mentioned, various elements borrowed from Christianity. The most prominent is the organ, which was added to ease the atmosphere in the synagogue and make it happier. This was the practice in the synagogues of the Neolog movement, which grew stronger at that time. Another characteristic of this type is the placement of the synagogue stage at the front rather than the center of the synagogue, as has always been the case. Notice also the two huge and impressive chandeliers hanging from the ceiling.


#History of the Synagogue

The synagogue was built after the Jewish community of the city grew quickly during the 18th century and the 19th century, and reached 30,000 people.

This is how the new synagogue was built during 1854-1859. It was built in the Mori style, the North African style, an exotic decision that was interesting and even trendy at the time. Different from other synagogues, an organ was installed inside, reminded more of a Christian church than a traditional synagogue. The organ has 5,000 pipes. Among others, musicians such as the composer and piano genius Franz Liszt and composer Camille Saint-Saëns.

In 1939 Nazi supporters burned the synagogue, and during the war the remains were used for the Nazi radio station. Throughout the war the synagogue continued to be damaged from allied air raids.

After the war, the building was returned to the ownership of the Jewish community of Budapest, however resources for the reconstruction were limited.

In the 1990's, with the fall of the Communist rule in Hungary, the building was renovated and rebuilt. This is also when the monument for the memorial for the Jewish Holocaust victims was added, including the memorial for the Hungarian Jews and Raoul Wallenberg.



#The Uniqueness of the Big Synagogue of Budapest

Inside the synagogue, you can see many elements borrowed from Christianity. The most prominent of these is the organ, of course, added to a more joyful atmosphere. This was the practice in the synagogues of the Neolog Movement, a movement of Hungarian Jewry that aspired to assimilate into the general Hungarian society. Its most prominent characteristics were the introduction of synagogue organs and mixed choirs, boys and girls together.

Other prominent features here are the position of the stage in front of the synagogue rather than its center.

Some things that cannot be seen during the visit here are as follows:

The language of the prayers, which, as the practice of theologians, is the local language, in this case, Hungarian.

The choir of the mixed synagogue - a choir of men and women together.



#Herzl's Childhood Neighborhood

In fact, you are in the childhood neighborhood of Theodore Herzl, the visionary of the State of Israel. It is here that the future of the Zionist movement and the establishment of the State of Israel grew.

Theodor Herzl was born here in the house next to the synagogue on Dohany Street. The surrounding neighborhood was the area where he grew up, played and studied. In this synagogue, imagine Binyamin Ze'ev Herzl, a Torah scholar, at his Bar Mitzvah ceremony in 1873. Incidentally, Herzl mentions the event several times in his book "The Tabakgasse Synagogue."

Indeed, the small square in front of the synagogue is now called "Herzl Square."




A Closer Look at the Synagogue with the Sounds of the Organ in the Background:

https://youtu.be/qfUX2QdRwFs
Castle Hill
#Aboput the Hill on the City of Buda

Castle Hill (Budai várnegyed) is an ancient site, of the important and interesting in the city Budapest. The hill is located in the area of old Buda. The Citadel, or castle, is built on a plateau whose length is a kilometer, and is mostly surrounded by a wall. Though this is not really a citadel, the complex does include the royal palace, as well as caves and ancient roads and many historical and important sites that are really interesting.

To Buda Hill, Castle Hill, the citadel (Budai várnegyed) you ascend by train from Clark Adam Square. Many people live on the hill, and is a lively and vibrant and very interesting residential place - over most of the city. Next to the houses there are many luxury hotels and not any less luxurious chef restaurants.

The street on the Castle Hill, located at the center of Buda, is in the Middle Age style, the Baroque. There are many different styles of architecture, of buildings from different periods in the city and different design and architecture techniques.

In 1987 the citadel was declared as a World Heritage Site. Most of the famous attractions of Budapest are located on Castle Hill on the Buda side: the popular royal palace and inside the National Gallery, the Fishermen's Bastion, Matthias Church, Lion Court, Honday Garden, Savoy Terrace, History Museum of Budapest, Music Museum, Military Museum, Marzipan Museum, Pharmacy Museum and the Museum for Middle Age Jewry.


#History of the Hill

The story of the hill and the story of the royal palace on it is the story of the history of all of Hungary. The settlement began during the 13th century, after the Mongolian army invaded the city of Pest, that was built along the Danube River.

The Mongols destroyed and caused major havoc to the city. To prevent future damage to that extent, the residents of the city decided to wall the city and build a palace and citadel on the nearby hill, with strategic viewpoints, to protect the city. So they crossed the Danube River and built the citadel on the hill, assuming that the river would make it hard for intruders to attack the city, and that the height of the hill would guarantee its protection.

In the 15th century, the palace was expanded into a castle by King Sigismund, and was the largest Gothic castle in Europe. Later on in the century King Matthias made sure to expand it further.

When the Turks conquered Buda in the 16th century, they turned all the churches to Mosques, as they did with all the Christian areas they took over.

At the end of the 17trh century, after the area was conquered again by the Hapsburgs, Christians from Austria, began a surge of impressive reconstruction. During the rule of the Austro-Hungarian Empire public houses were built here, homes and roads that were impressive and full of glory.

In the 19th century was the Hungarian Independence War, during the period called the "Spring of Nations," in 1848. During the revival against the Austrian Emperor, the Buda Castle was once again damaged. After the war, when the Emperor united Austria and Hungary, the palace was renovated and enlarged, where Franz Joseph was crowned King of Hungary.

After World War I and the fall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Horthy Miklós lived in the castle, the ruler of Hungary. The palace then became the political center of the country.

At the end of World War II, the Castle on Buda Hill was the last standing hold of the Nazis. During the fighting between then and the Red Army the Castle incurred a lot of damages.



#Tips

As in any place with a big crowd, watch for pickpocketers


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/4fZeT1Ps3p4
Széchenyi Thermal Bath
#About the Popular Thermal Bath of Budapest

Want to bath in thermal baths just like in olden times? The thermal baths are an experience, and part of the experience in visiting Budapest. After all, this is the "Spa City" of Europe. In every corner there are thermal baths, whose water comes from hot water springs located under the city. These baths are known for helping to heal skin, digestion, and nerve problems.

Széchenyi Thermal Bath (Széchényi Spa) is the most popular bath in Budapest. These baths are located in the eastern part of the city, in Pest. This is a large site, and popular, thanks to its location in the public park. If you do not require total silence, then this place is pretty nice, even with the large crowds.

Nothing can be done - to here many locals and tourists come and visit. These are the largest baths in Europe, and are located in the largest public park in the city, Varosliget City Park.

To tell the truth, the Széchenyi Thermal Bath is a huge place. There are three external swimming pools, with a wave pool for kids, and 12 more thermal baths with different temperatures and designs in the open air. Next to the baths, there is a sports center, spa, gym, physical therapy center, sauna, massages and more.

With the design, the Széchenyi Thermal Bath is the newest in the city, but has existed for a rather long time, since 1913. The design, accordingly, is from another period. The neo-Baroque style of the baths gives a special atmosphere to those bathing. In one visit, there is some doubt if you will be able to experience all the pools in the complex. But, you are more than welcome to come and try!



#Tips

Bring your own towels, otherwise, you will have to buy some here.



A Closer Look :

https://youtu.be/ZWnQgHT6dFI


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