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Budapest
Budapest
Budapest, born in the remains of the Roman town of Aquincum, is a union of two small towns - Buda, on the west bank of the river Vast, on the eastern bank. In the 20th century Budapest grew into a huge city with a population of 2 million. They live on both sides of the Danube River, both on the high mountainside of Buda and in the flat Pest.

After 300 years under the Turkish Ottoman Empire, the Austrian Habsburgs and the Communist regime, under the auspices of the Soviet Union, this city knew countless architectural and cultural influences acquired in the endless encounter between East and West Europe and Asia Minor.

From an aesthetic point of view, Budapest is a real pearl of grace and justifies the title "Paris of the Eastern Bloc," which they had previously attached. There are innumerable buildings in architecture that have been drawn from the Roman, Ottoman and Gothic styles to Baroque and Art Nouveau styles. The variety of baths in the "spa town" of Europe, as it is called, is reminiscent of Roman baths and Turkish baths. There are elegant and spacious avenues here, magical European castles, spectacular bridges, socialist-style sculptures, and one Danube river.

The residents of Budapest are also free, friendly and loving. After 40 years of rigid communism, all they want is to enjoy and compensate for lost time. They sit in the great cafes that mention Vienna and have a hedonistic nightlife.


#Communication

For internet at cheap prices, look for the Vodaphone chain in Budapest, and buy a local SIM card from one of the largest cellular companies in the world.

#Must-See Sites

Want to see the most popular places in the city? - Click on the tag "Must see in Budapest".



#Transportation

Budapest's underground train is incredible, be sure to use it. To save, buy the Budapest Card that will enable you free transportation for three or seven days.

Important - Don't forget to stamp your ticket at the start of your trip, otherwise you pay a fine. When you need to show your ticket to an inspector, give them your ID.



#Savings

You better not pay with euros, because the conversion rate is particularly high. Exchange your currency for the local Forint and pay with that.

It is not recommended to stop taxis on the street here. Be sure to order a taxi with an app or through your hotel.



#Tip

At Hungarian restaurants and cafes it is common to leave a 10% to 15% tip, but be sure to add when paying, and not when leaving the restaurant.



#Hungry Country Code

+36


#Must Eat

Everyone must try in Budapest the Hungarian Goulash at a local restaurant, or different dishes with paprika, the national spice of Hungary.

On the baked goods side, make sure to taste a fresh and warm spit cake at the street stalls, look especially for those with long lines.

Also, eat from the well-known Hungarian marzipan. It is recommended to buy marzipan at the Szamos stores, where there are many different flavors and kinds and shapes.


A Short Tutorial to Hungarian Food:

https://youtu.be/U2DBfiveIQ0


#Shopping

The capital of Hungary is without a doubt a shopping stronghold. The main shopping street is the main avenue in Budapest, Vaci Street (Vaci Utca), active between 9:00 am to 6:00 pm, and on Saturdays between 9:00 am and 2:00 pm. The mall West End City Center is the largest in Hungary, and one of the largest shopping centers in Europe.

Outlet stores can be found in the Mammut mall in the Buda area.

Findings at funny prices can be found at the flea-market Esceri Ut Piac (click on the tag "Esceri Piac Flea Market"). In the large covered market we recommended wandering around and combining some shopping and haggling (click on the tag "The Great Market Hall").

See below the attached links to recommendations and also by clicking the tag "Shopping in Budapest".


#Entertainment

You will find nice and designed bars in Liszt Ferenc Square.

A huge variety of clubs are in the area of the Opera House. For more great entertainment areas click on the tag "Entertainment in Budapest".


#Electric Outlets

The possible types of plugs are Types C or F (see the attached link with photos).



A taste of the upcoming trip? - Here's a video that will show you the city in all its beauty:

https://youtu.be/B_Hfmp-z7AE



All the Sites:

https://youtu.be/nzolAdKZ0Qs



Fast Run:

https://youtu.be/yxmDYe2dFuM
Fishermen's Bastion
Fishermen's Bastion
#About the Citadel That did Not Protect Anything.

Fishermen's Bastion (Halaszbastya) is a sort of Romantic monument is a kind of monument to the Fisherman's Guild which has seven towers that symbolize the seven tribes from which the Hungarian people were born. It is an ornate building and even a little "kitschy", which will be explored in a lot of surprises, steps and amusing corners.

The special building was erected at the end of the 19th century in honor of the thousandth anniversary of the settlement of the city. From here you can look out over the city and the river and see St. Stephen's Church, the beautiful Parliament, Margaret Island and the Suspension Bridge.

In fact, the fort was built with no real defensive intentions and seemed to be mainly for beauty. Its seven turrets symbolize the seven tribes that settled here for the first time more than 1,000 years ago.

The architecture of this magnificent building is a fascinating combination of neo-Roman style and neo-Gothic style. You can see this by mixing the tall turrets, with large windows, that bring a lot of light into the building, arched windows and more.

There is some ambiguity about the origins of the Fisherman's Bastion. One conjecture is that the name was given to it from a fish market, which existed in the area in the distant past. Another conjecture connects the name to a local tradition that tells us that in the Middle Ages the members of the local fishermen's guild protected this side of the hill.



#Why is This Citadel Good?

The answer to this question is, of course, symbolic, since this fort was erected for the city's celebrations at the end of the 19th century. But for anyone, this fortress is the most spectacular observation point and spot in the city of Budapest.

From the second floor of the fortress you can take photos comfortably that will come out great. There is an entrance fee. If you want just a nice photo and do not want to go up, then grab a little corner near the lower floor, where the restaurant is located.




#Tips

Be aware of pickpocketers that tend to roam this area.

Next to the restaurants and cafes in this area are many souvenir shops. These are substantially more expensive than the souvenir shops in town.

A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/TAC5zQ-9mFg?t=19s
Szchenyi Lnchd
Széchenyi Chain Bridge
#About the Suspension Bridge in Budapest

The bridges that connect the parts of Budapest, above the romantic Danube River, turn the river into a jaw-dropping shining pearl. Without a doubt, the prettiest of these is the Széchenyi Chain Bridge (Széchenyi Lánchíd) a suspension bridge, that was built as the first permanent bridge that connects Buda and Pest. This bridge begins in Clark Adam Square, across the river, towards the inner city of Pest. There it connects to Roosevelt Square, near Gresham Palace and the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.

The length of the Széchenyi is 350 meters. This was a project by two 'Clarks." In 1839 the engineer William Clark designed the bridge, but he had to pack up and leave Hungary quickly due to prior commitments. So finishing the bridge in 1849 was the architect Adam Clark.

The bridge quickened the union of Buda and Pest, that were becoming one city thanks to the large growth in the 19th century.

In 1945, with the Nazis surrender from the Red Army, the German army bombed the bridge. It was restored in 1949. So it became a monumental attraction in itself. For its nice structure, especially at night when it is reflected on the Danube River. The bridge is surrounded by statues of handsome lions, that have become the commercial symbol of the bridge.

On summer weekends, the bridge becomes a wide boulevard and different performances and attractions for tourists take place.


#The Tragic Story of the Lions on the Bridge

The Suspension Bridge, established in 1849, is considered the prettiest bridge in Budapest. Among other things, it is known for the nice lion statues on its sides. Local legends says that after finishing the statues of the lions, the artist noticed that he forgot to add a tongue to one of them. And out of desperation and sadness, he committed suicide and jumped off the bridge.

However, all the lions on the bridge have their tongues! So is the legend true? Walk around the bridge and see if you can find a lion without his tongue...



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/VX9LF3ybp_Q
Szenes Hanna Park
Szenes Hanna Park
#About the Park in Memory of the Brave Paratrooper and Poet

Szenes Hanna Park is located in a junction of streets Jósika and Rózsa, and was dedicated especially to Hanna Szenes. She was a Jewish fighter against the Nazis during World War II. Szenes made Aliyah to Israel in 1939 and was one of the young people that built the kibbutz Sdot Yam.

Beyond being a poet with a lot of talent, Hanna Szenes was part of a paratrooper unit who volunteered to serve in the British army during World War II. In the frame of her actions as a combat soldier against the Nazis, she jumped along with her unit over occupied Hungary. However, during the line of duty she was caught by the Hungarians who surrendered her to the Nazis. She was tortured and executed, at only 23 years old.

After her death, among Szenes's things were found the songs she wrote in secret. Some have gained a lot of popularity like Ashrei Hagafrur, A Walk to Caesarea with the famous lyrics - "My God, my God,
may it never end."

The park won't tell you about this history, which is why you have us!

May her memory be blessed!

Budapest

Citadella
Citadella
#About the Citadel with the Impressive Lookout of Budapest

The Citadella is an impressive fortress, that was built in the 19th century on a hill that overlooks the city. The Citadella was built by the Austrian Emporer, after the Hungarian Independence War. It was created to strengthen the control of the Emporer and ruler of the Hapsburg house, over the residents of the city of Budapest, after they rebelled against the empire.

To tell the truth, the Citadella itself is not so interesting. This is an impressive place for panoramic photos that can be shot here - of the city, of the Danube, and the rest of what is around.

Want romance? - Get here at night, or at sunset, and you will be rewarded by a romantic and pretty view of the city at twilight and the twinkling lights.

Next to the Citadella is the famous Freedom Monument, that was established by the Communists as a memorial for Soviet soldiers, who freed Hungary from Nazi rule. Go see it yourself - it is beautiful and well lit up at night.




A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/qChrghXbCtA


Photos from the Summer:

https://youtu.be/bsKOSoBpqkM
Memento Park
Memento Park
#About the Park with the Communist Statues

One of the places far away from the center of the city is Memento Park. In the park were placed statues that in the past were located in important places around the city, and no one today wants to see around.

These statues praised the Communist rule in Hungary, and promoted socialist ideas. In the Communist Era they used to be spread around everywhere. In the Realist Socialist style, typical of the time, that did not stop reminding what so many Hungarians wanted to forget. There were large statues of Communist leaders like Lenin and Stalin, figures of Socialists Marx and Engels, soldiers of the Soviet army, who saved Hungary from the Nazis and Hitler, and working farmers from the Proletariat, which always seemed beautiful, energetic, and incredibly strong.

All these were moved far away, with the downfall of Communism, from the squares and parks around the city, many remained in pieces, ruined by the ones who suffered from the hand of the hypocrite regime. This police force cost the lives of Socialists, but itself enjoyed the perks of the large and Capitalist world.

"Far from the eye and far from the heart" some say. The statues that have survived the downfall of Communism were moved to a park on the edge of the city, to a park called "The Park in Memory of the Communist Era."

Officially, the park opened in 1993 with 42 statues. Their concentration is sure to bring back some uncertainty to people, but the truth is that the joy of people can almost be heard - to have survived the Communist rule. How good it is to be free!


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/6NYW6pHtyRM


How it Was Created:

https://youtu.be/qOU9ctbH1-Y
Hilton Budapest
Hilton Budapest Hotel
#About the Hotel that Combined Historical Remains and a Modern Building

In Hesz Andras ter you can see the Hilton Budapest Hotel, that was built over the remains of a Dominican monastery on Citadel Hill in Buda.

The architecture of the building combines in a special way between the modern and renovated building between the ancient remains of the historic monastery, instead of hiding and destroying it, and was actually incorporated by the architects very beautifully.

In retrospect, the combination between the ancient and modern is so successful, that the hotel became a tourist destination in itself. Many tourists that are not staying at the hotel come here to gamble at the great casino, or come to see the genius and respectful architecture, that stirs that new and the old.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/_VuI4pipHX8
Duna Palota
Danube Palace
#About the Prestigious Palace that Has Become a Concert Hall

The Danube Palace (Duna Palota) was built in 1895 in the Baroque style, used today as a concert hall and as a theater for folk shows.

Throughout the years the structure has undergone many changes, and in 1941 received its current look.

Even before that, the palace was used by the royals of the district, that arrived to see expensive shows of great artists, who were invited to perform at the palace regularly. Almost every famous artist of those times, performed here at least ones.

The palace is placed between the Basilica and the Suspension Bridge.



A Concert Inside the Palace:

https://youtu.be/wOrRb7YZyvY


Matthias Church
Matthias Church
#About the Beautiful Church on the Citadel Hill

Matthias Church (Matyas Templom) bears the name of King Matthias, who married the love of his life, Queen Beatrice. Previously it was called "Our Lady's Church."

The church was built in the 15th century on the ruins of an ancient church built here in the 13th century. King Charles Rover arrived here from Anjou after his official coronation at Skaschfuhrer and was crowned in another religious ceremony.

The Matthias Church was built in the 13th century, but what we see today is mostly reconstruction from the 19th century. Then the church was built in the neo-Gothic style we see today. In the magnificent church space, there are wonderful stained-glass windows. As is customary in such churches, the magnificent 19th-century stained-glass windows depict events from the lives of Christian saints.

If you look to the right of the apse, you will see steps leading to the church museum. Here are religious artifacts, Christian icons and a hint of the treasures of the past by the kings of Hungary.

There is also a reconstruction of a medieval crypt, that holds remains of ancient graves.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/NKaob1-BgGY
Kiralyi Palota
#About the Royal Palace of Hungary

The Royal Palace, Kiralyi Palota (Királyi Palota), on the Citadel Hill is a large and magnificent palace, which has been destroyed five times throughout history. It has caves, ancient streets and palaces, all part of the Old Town Buda and the complex of its old castle.

In recent years, the ceremony of changing the guard (Sandor Palota), which the Hungarians began to hold at the entrance to the presidential residence, became a kind of tourist attraction. The ceremonies can be seen every hour on the western entrance to the palace.

The palace was built in the 13th century and has since undergone periods of many renovations and innovations, the destruction of foreign armies and wars and many political changes.

Today the palace hosts two of Hungary's most important museums - the National Gallery (Galeria Nemzeti), which presents some of the country's most beautiful collections of art and displays Hungarian art at its best, from the Middle Ages to the present.

More in the Palace is the Museum of the History of Budapest, where you can learn about the city's twisting and changing history.

The Hungarian National Library is also located in the palace.


A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/6YSmQ_QH70s



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/MZ9w-nbSk9w
Rudas Baths
#About the Turkish Bath of Budapest

The Rudas Baths, at the foot of the Buda hills, are among Europe's largest baths. If it's winter, take a moment and look up from the baths to the green slopes of Buda. In this way, you will also benefit from winter and even snowy beauty, as you move in the warm water.

The baths were established by the Turks, while they ruled Hungary. This can be learned from the Ottoman architecture, which is reminiscent of a Turkish bath, masculine and sweaty. The somewhat chauvinistic atmosphere that separates women from men also hints at the origins of these baths. By the way, it seems that time does not stop and is changing, because in the past the baths were for only men. And in recent years baths for women were opened, but still they are separate.

There are 6 thermal hot water pools and an octagonal pool surrounded by columns. The water from this pool comes from dozens of thermo-mineral springs and is used to heal muscle aches.

There are also wet and dry saunas, massage services and more.


#Tips

Bring a towel with you.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/wAWny7qStpM
Andrassy Avenue
#About the Cultural Avenue of Budapest

Andrassy Avenue is one of the most beautiful and impressive avenues in Hungary. The works that turned it into such an impressive and beautiful street took place in the 19th century. Quickly this street grew into an impressive street whose length is 2.5 kilometers.

This is how Andrassy Avenue, during the days of Emperor Franz Joseph, became the most fashionable road in Budapest. With time, many cultural institutes and important museums, musical institutions and more, were built here. Many theaters were built with time, which gave the avenue its nickname, "Broadway of Pest."

In the vibrant avenue there are cafes and entertainment areas. If you are standing at the start, at Elizabeth Square, you can see at the opposite end the Heroe's Square, with the 1000 Year Monument at its center, right behind which is a large public and impressive park.

For its architectural beauty, as well as important buildings spread across, the avenue was crowned a World Heritage Site in 2002. When you wander around you can see the large and impressive Opera House. Not far away is the Music Academy, named after the composer and piano genius Franz Liszt. There are some of the more interesting museums in Budapest here, like the Museum of Terrorism.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/Lc15mSN5S0U


One House on This Street:

https://youtu.be/iXG-Z9Xnd0w
Buda Castle
#About the Large Castle Built on a Hill

Buda is a city on a hill, that has maintained its look from the Middle Ages. At that time cities were built with protective walls, against invaders. Buda Castle is a beautiful and protective castle, at a height of 50 meters above the Danube River. It is located on a hill, from where Budapest was created, west to the river. The location of the castle has a good reason - protection against enemies.

The history of the castle begins in the 13th century, when Mongolian tribes conquered Hungary and destroyed Pest, that was built on the opposite side of the Danube River. At first, a dungeon was built here by King Béla, and later the rest of the castle was built.

For a wonderful lookout over the city, come to the see the complex of the castle day or night. Recommended lookout points are without a doubt the Fisherman's Bastion (Halaszbastya), near the Matthias Church (Matyas Templom) - two must-see sites on the hill.

In the castle area there are many interesting buildings, including museums, a Military History Museum, Museum for Music History and Museum of Trade. In the King's Castle, you can see the National Gallery and the Museum for the History of the city. You can enter a system of underground tunnels, and the tomb of the Turkish slave, Rahman Ali. More interesting sites are the recreated Castle Theater, and the Eagle Statue, Turul Statue, the legendary protector of Hungary.


#Tips

You can get to the castle by stairs and also by the funicular, a cable car that brings people to the top of the hill - a little spendy but a nice an experience.

If you are interested in the history of Budapest, enter the museum of history in the castle.



A Closer Look Around the Castle:

https://youtu.be/FbvsWnAUfIc
Heroes' Square
#About Heroe's Square

The impressive Heroe's Square (Hősök tere) is located at the end of the known street at the heart of Pest, the eastern plateau side of the city.

Actually, the square acts as the entrance to the City Park, the public park of Budapest. At the center is the Millennium Monument, the 1000 year monument, built in a semi-circular shape. The establishing of the monument began in 1896, to commemorate the conquering of Hungary by the Magyars - with its roots in the Urals and western Siberia. The Magyars wandered to Hungary in the 8-9th century, and settled. They represent the ancestors to most of Hungary's residents today.

At the center of the monument there is a marble column, 36 meters tall, and at the top is a statue of Gabriel, the symbol of Catholic Christianity, holding in his hand the holy crown and a large cross, just like the legend tells about the King of Hungary, Stephen I, did in his time.

On both sides of the marble column are statues with 7 central figures from Hungarian history. These were the leaders of the Magyars tribes who conquered Hungary. On both sides of the monument the story is told of the past 1000 years in Hungary, with plaques and different statues.

Today many protests and gatherings take place here, as this place represents a meeting place in the city center. There are also formal governmental ceremonies that take place here.

With the history in the square, there are 2 ingredients in the Heroe's Square of great significance: The Art Gallery which was established in 1896, and the Art Museum that was added to the square in 1906. the Millennium Monument connects between the two.



A Closer Look at Night:

https://youtu.be/WKg9Epy-1-0
Castle Hill
#Aboput the Hill on the City of Buda

Castle Hill (Budai várnegyed) is an ancient site, of the important and interesting in the city Budapest. The hill is located in the area of old Buda. The Citadel, or castle, is built on a plateau whose length is a kilometer, and is mostly surrounded by a wall. Though this is not really a citadel, the complex does include the royal palace, as well as caves and ancient roads and many historical and important sites that are really interesting.

To Buda Hill, Castle Hill, the citadel (Budai várnegyed) you ascend by train from Clark Adam Square. Many people live on the hill, and is a lively and vibrant and very interesting residential place - over most of the city. Next to the houses there are many luxury hotels and not any less luxurious chef restaurants.

The street on the Castle Hill, located at the center of Buda, is in the Middle Age style, the Baroque. There are many different styles of architecture, of buildings from different periods in the city and different design and architecture techniques.

In 1987 the citadel was declared as a World Heritage Site. Most of the famous attractions of Budapest are located on Castle Hill on the Buda side: the popular royal palace and inside the National Gallery, the Fishermen's Bastion, Matthias Church, Lion Court, Honday Garden, Savoy Terrace, History Museum of Budapest, Music Museum, Military Museum, Marzipan Museum, Pharmacy Museum and the Museum for Middle Age Jewry.


#History of the Hill

The story of the hill and the story of the royal palace on it is the story of the history of all of Hungary. The settlement began during the 13th century, after the Mongolian army invaded the city of Pest, that was built along the Danube River.

The Mongols destroyed and caused major havoc to the city. To prevent future damage to that extent, the residents of the city decided to wall the city and build a palace and citadel on the nearby hill, with strategic viewpoints, to protect the city. So they crossed the Danube River and built the citadel on the hill, assuming that the river would make it hard for intruders to attack the city, and that the height of the hill would guarantee its protection.

In the 15th century, the palace was expanded into a castle by King Sigismund, and was the largest Gothic castle in Europe. Later on in the century King Matthias made sure to expand it further.

When the Turks conquered Buda in the 16th century, they turned all the churches to Mosques, as they did with all the Christian areas they took over.

At the end of the 17trh century, after the area was conquered again by the Hapsburgs, Christians from Austria, began a surge of impressive reconstruction. During the rule of the Austro-Hungarian Empire public houses were built here, homes and roads that were impressive and full of glory.

In the 19th century was the Hungarian Independence War, during the period called the "Spring of Nations," in 1848. During the revival against the Austrian Emperor, the Buda Castle was once again damaged. After the war, when the Emperor united Austria and Hungary, the palace was renovated and enlarged, where Franz Joseph was crowned King of Hungary.

After World War I and the fall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Horthy Miklós lived in the castle, the ruler of Hungary. The palace then became the political center of the country.

At the end of World War II, the Castle on Buda Hill was the last standing hold of the Nazis. During the fighting between then and the Red Army the Castle incurred a lot of damages.



#Tips

As in any place with a big crowd, watch for pickpocketers


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/4fZeT1Ps3p4
Gellért Thermal Bath
#About the Luxury Baths of Budapest

The design in the Art-Neavou style in the Gellért Thermal Bath, along with the fancy Gellért Hotel, gives this place the title of real royal baths. Entrance is about 10 euros per person. the design of the ancient building includes many mosaics, marble columns, and offers a combination between historical ancient traditions and modern innovations.

The history of these baths begins way back in the Ottoman occupation period, that ruled Hungary from the 15th century. The hot water springs existed here long before that. After the construction external pools were also added. The baths as they are now only opened in 1908. The current facilities are of course convenient and modern, according to today's standards.

Between the marble columns and the turquoise mosaics, there are a variety of internal and external pools. There are 5 hot water pools, in different temperatures, and 9 additional medicinal pools. 3 external pools also include a children's pool, wave pool, and a few thermo-mineral pools, with hot water from the thermal underground water springs, between the temperatures 26-38 degrees, coming from the nearby Gellért Hill.

In the thermal baths there is also a sauna and bathrooms for an additional fee, including massages, water therapy, mud treatments, a beauty parlor, and more.



#Tips

It is nice to place a visit here after a day of walking.

Bring swim caps with you - it is a must for the big swimming pool.

You can enter the Bath up to an hour before closing.

The bathing is for both men and women.

Hotel guests enter the thermal bath for free.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/eo9cl-fC8Ec
Széchenyi Thermal Bath
#About the Popular Thermal Bath of Budapest

Want to bath in thermal baths just like in olden times? The thermal baths are an experience, and part of the experience in visiting Budapest. After all, this is the "Spa City" of Europe. In every corner there are thermal baths, whose water comes from hot water springs located under the city. These baths are known for helping to heal skin, digestion, and nerve problems.

Széchenyi Thermal Bath (Széchényi Spa) is the most popular bath in Budapest. These baths are located in the eastern part of the city, in Pest. This is a large site, and popular, thanks to its location in the public park. If you do not require total silence, then this place is pretty nice, even with the large crowds.

Nothing can be done - to here many locals and tourists come and visit. These are the largest baths in Europe, and are located in the largest public park in the city, Varosliget City Park.

To tell the truth, the Széchenyi Thermal Bath is a huge place. There are three external swimming pools, with a wave pool for kids, and 12 more thermal baths with different temperatures and designs in the open air. Next to the baths, there is a sports center, spa, gym, physical therapy center, sauna, massages and more.

With the design, the Széchenyi Thermal Bath is the newest in the city, but has existed for a rather long time, since 1913. The design, accordingly, is from another period. The neo-Baroque style of the baths gives a special atmosphere to those bathing. In one visit, there is some doubt if you will be able to experience all the pools in the complex. But, you are more than welcome to come and try!



#Tips

Bring your own towels, otherwise, you will have to buy some here.



A Closer Look :

https://youtu.be/ZWnQgHT6dFI


Hungarian National Museum
#About the Museum that has a Temple

The Hungarian National Museum in Budapest is a museum for archeology and Hungarian history. It resides in one of the prettiest and most impressive buildings in the city. Even if Hungarian history does not call you, this museum is worth a visit to see the wonderful and magnificent building.

The museum was established in 1802 as a library and a public place to display the collection of natural artifacts that were collected by the Hungarian Baron Franz Széchényi. In the 1830's the government allocated half a million forint to establish a permanent location for the collection. The architect Mihály Pollack designed the building you are standing in now in the neo-Classical style, a very impressive and large building, a sort of temple for history, that was inaugurated in 1846.

Beyond its responsibilities as a museum, the building became a symbol of Hungarian nationalism. This happened in 1848, the era of the "Spring of Nations" when the museum was the center of the Hungarian revolutionary uprising of 1848. This formative event took place when the Hungarian national poet Sándor Petőfi, read the "12 Points" to a crowd and his national song, which is called exactly that, "the National Song." The event became a symbol of revolution and the museum gained a symbolic place in the renewal of Hungarian nationalism. In memory of the event, the poets who were part of the uprising and the memorial ceremonies for the revolution are commemorated in front of the museum.



#What Can Be Seen Here?

In the archeology wing, you can see the life of what today is called Hungary, from the prehistoric period. In a display of historical findings from different areas around Hungary, Transylvania, Slovenia, and Croatia.

In a permanent and central display in the museum is the development of the history of Hungary. The exhibition focuses on the rule of the Mediars and the conquests from the period of Roman rule to the Ottoman Turks. The amount of maps, charts, coins, jewelry, artwork and everyday objects displayed here is huge. In addition, videos are presented here and there is an experiment with computerized illustrations of the periods and historical changes that have taken place in Hungary over the years.

There are special displays here for modern Hungarian history, since the Revolution of 1848 and the showcasing of prominent personalities, especially in the past few centuries in the themes of music, literature, science, and medicine.

A special section is held for the Hungarian history of the threatening police, the Communist and Fascist forces from the 20th century until the release and freedom of democracy.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/h3j8LWOoOlY
Hungarian Parliament Building
#About the Luxurious Parliament Building of Budapest

The Hungarian Parliament Building (Országház) is located on the eastern bank of the Danube River, and is one of the largest Parliament Buildings in the world, and the largest building in Hungary. With almost 700 rooms, hundreds of statues and endless prestigious and luxury, the building, built in the neo-Gothic style, is considered not only huge and impressive, but also beautiful. It is located on the banks of the Danube River and is a symbol of Hungarian Democracy and for the city of Budapest.

20 years and huge sums of money were invested by the Hungarians in the Hungarian Parliament Building, which used to be considered the most expensive building in Europe. Its building began in 1885, before the 1000 years celebration for the Hungarian Empire, that was set for 1896. Hungary, who longed for an impressive symbol to respect this honor, appointed the Jewish architect Imre Steindl to plan the building. Steindl would never get to see the impressive building he designed. He became blind during the construction, and was not at the inauguration ceremony, because he passed away only a few months prior.

The building, which took about 20 years to finish, was worked on by over 1,000 men. About 40 million bricks were used in the construction of the huge and impressive building, from which about half a million are gemstones. About 40 kilos of gold was invested in the decorations.

So for the celebrations of the millennium, the construction was not finalized and continued until 1904, but the Hungarians tend to say that even now construction is never-ending. They mean the expensive restorations and preservations that take place here all the time.



#Some Numbers

The parliament building has 691 rooms and giant halls.

The total length of the staircases in the building equals 20 kilometers.

The impressive dome at the head of the building is 96 meters tall.

At the length of 268 meters and the width of 118 meters, the area of the building is 17,700 square meters.



#Tips

The entrance to the building is only with organized tour groups.

Try getting to the tours in the building as early as possible.

Each day there are tours in the Parliament Building. See the link below the times for the tours in many different languages.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/qjLb8DhiCKk?t=19s


A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/xspwTs2cY1M?t=1m44s



Photos of the Luxurious Parliament Building:

https://youtu.be/fmAeAZUJNPc
St. Stephen's Basilica
#About the Biggest Basilica in Budapest

The St. Stephen's Basilica (Szent István Bazilika) is the largest church in Budapest. It is named after Saint Stephen, whose holy hand is preserved and secured at the basilica for many years. About 8,000 people come to the basilica daily to pray. In the basilica are art pieces and beautiful decorations.

The church began being built in 1851, and was finalized in 1906. During World War II it was bombed and badly damaged, however during the years it was renovated and returned to its former glory. In the renovations of 1870, the architect Joseph Metzger gave it a Gothic look, as he did to many buildings he renovated.

During World War II, art pieces and documents were hidden at the basement of the basilica of great historical importance. However, the basilica was badly damaged during the war. It was completely renovated only between the years 1983 and 2003.

In the past decade, it has also undergone renovations, deep internal and external renovations, that renovated and returned the basilica to its original beauty. The building combines different architectural styles, including neo-Classical and the neo-Renaissance style.



#What Can Be Seen Here?

Notice that in the basilica are beautiful mosaics that decorate the dome and the ceiling of the church. Look for the Baroque decorations around the interior of the basilica. Like in every church, there are many paintings and motifs of Christianity, however, when you will see the painting on the wall of Madonna, know that this painting is from 1472, and its importance is bigger than all of the rest of the paintings.

The basilica is 96 meters tall, and if you succeed in climbing the 323, you will reach the balcony at a height of 65 meters, with the incredible breath stopping view of all of Budapest.

From the balcony, you will see different sites around Budapest worth a visit. Notice that places like the Big Synagogue of Budapest, Heroe's Square, with the arches behind the main statue, or the pretty Museum of Art that in itself is beautiful, even from far away.


#Why Was the Building of the Basilica Prolonged?

This was in 1851 when the construction of the tallest Catholic basilica in Budapest, and the largest in Hungary, began. A strange chain of events and disasters disturbed the construction. This began with the death of the architects who planned the church, and continued in the collapse of the church dome in 1867. All these lead to huge delays and endless pushing of the finishing date, until it was complete in 1905.

However, it is not only the dates that were affected by the events that haunted the project. The look of the church was hurt quite a bit from the change of architectures and their styles. Maybe this is the reason that the exterior of the St. Stephen's Basilica is not less impressive than its size.




#Who Was the Stephen I?

Stephen I, who the basilica is named after, was the king of Hungary in 1000. He was the king who changed the official religion of Hungary to Christianity. Hungary owes Stephen I a lot, for he fortified the standing of Hungary as a significant country, between eastern and western Europe.

A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/4x68DGwI77Q?t=19s
Opera House
#About the Opera House in Budapest

Even if you don't want to dedicate an evening to one of the classical opera's creations by Hungarian composers like Franz Liszt or Zoltán Kodály, a visit to the Opera House should not be missed. The Opera House is a main and popular attraction in Budapest, and among the most beautiful Opera Houses around the world.

Except for opera, other shows both classical and modern are shown here on an international scale, and two ballet companies, the most important ones in Budapest, and Hungary in general.

It is recommended to go on a guided tour in the Opera House or buy a ticket to an opera, there are tickets are different price levels. These operas are performed nightly and be sure to spare some time for a tour.


#The History of the Opera House

The Budapest Opera House was inaugurated in 1884 as part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The Hungary of those days was very rich, and many funds and resources were allotted to the new building.

The results did not disappoint. The guests to the Opera House opening were astonished. The Opera House was luxurious and highly invested and immediately became one of the most beautiful opera houses in the world.

Somehow, this building survived World War II and was not damaged. On the surviving walls you can see the original paintings, the frescoes that were preserved without harm. Like them, hundreds of beautiful sculptures survived that are spread around the building and are a symbol of luxury in the opera hall itself.

In order to restore it to its former glory, the building was renovated in the 1980's and was cleaned up with government funds. This is how it was able to turn into such a tourist cultural attraction, among the best in Budapest.


#Archicture of the Opera House

The Opera House of Budapest opened in 1884, is considered one of the more beautiful Opera Houses in the world. This building was planned in the neo-Renaissance style, by the Hungarian architect from the 19th century Miklos Ybl. Those who love architecture should come here for a day tour.

At the exterior statues were placed of a few of the great composers in the history of Opera and classical music, including Mozart, Beethoven, Vardi, Bizet, and Tchaikovsky.

It is not only from the outside that this building is impressive. It is also impressive from the inside. On the main staircase on the building, the most famous people in Europe walked between the end of the 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century. Anyone belonging to the Hungarian nobility or elite came here during those days. The ladies of Budapest's high society used to present at the operas of the times, the fashion trends and the luxury jewelry they received from their rich husbands.

In the main hall of the Opera House, there are no less than 1,200 seats available. There are hundreds of sculptures, frescoes, and golden decorations that twinkle, each weighing 7 kilos. Part of the decorations on the walls are made of golden leaves covered in 24-carat gold.



#Tips

The ticket prices here are affordable, but it is recommended to order them in advance on the website.

When buying tickets for the booths, buy the tickets for the first row in the box, the only row that you can see from.

The dress code is crucial here - women have to wear evening dresses, and men - only suits!



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/rzyxU1kDOQk


From Outside:

https://youtu.be/xt9PM7jfwns
Museum of Fine Arts
Gellert Hill
Budapest Jewish Quarter
Dohány Street Synagogue
Gellért Hill Monument


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

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אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.