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Gellrt Thermal Bath
Gellért Thermal Bath
#About the Luxury Baths of Budapest

The design in the Art-Neavou style in the Gellért Thermal Bath, along with the fancy Gellért Hotel, gives this place the title of real royal baths. Entrance is about 10 euros per person. the design of the ancient building includes many mosaics, marble columns, and offers a combination between historical ancient traditions and modern innovations.

The history of these baths begins way back in the Ottoman occupation period, that ruled Hungary from the 15th century. The hot water springs existed here long before that. After the construction external pools were also added. The baths as they are now only opened in 1908. The current facilities are of course convenient and modern, according to today's standards.

Between the marble columns and the turquoise mosaics, there are a variety of internal and external pools. There are 5 hot water pools, in different temperatures, and 9 additional medicinal pools. 3 external pools also include a children's pool, wave pool, and a few thermo-mineral pools, with hot water from the thermal underground water springs, between the temperatures 26-38 degrees, coming from the nearby Gellért Hill.

In the thermal baths there is also a sauna and bathrooms for an additional fee, including massages, water therapy, mud treatments, a beauty parlor, and more.



#Tips

It is nice to place a visit here after a day of walking.

Bring swim caps with you - it is a must for the big swimming pool.

You can enter the Bath up to an hour before closing.

The bathing is for both men and women.

Hotel guests enter the thermal bath for free.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/eo9cl-fC8Ec
Hungarian National Museum
Hungarian National Museum
#About the Museum that has a Temple

The Hungarian National Museum in Budapest is a museum for archeology and Hungarian history. It resides in one of the prettiest and most impressive buildings in the city. Even if Hungarian history does not call you, this museum is worth a visit to see the wonderful and magnificent building.

The museum was established in 1802 as a library and a public place to display the collection of natural artifacts that were collected by the Hungarian Baron Franz Széchényi. In the 1830's the government allocated half a million forint to establish a permanent location for the collection. The architect Mihály Pollack designed the building you are standing in now in the neo-Classical style, a very impressive and large building, a sort of temple for history, that was inaugurated in 1846.

Beyond its responsibilities as a museum, the building became a symbol of Hungarian nationalism. This happened in 1848, the era of the "Spring of Nations" when the museum was the center of the Hungarian revolutionary uprising of 1848. This formative event took place when the Hungarian national poet Sándor Petőfi, read the "12 Points" to a crowd and his national song, which is called exactly that, "the National Song." The event became a symbol of revolution and the museum gained a symbolic place in the renewal of Hungarian nationalism. In memory of the event, the poets who were part of the uprising and the memorial ceremonies for the revolution are commemorated in front of the museum.



#What Can Be Seen Here?

In the archeology wing, you can see the life of what today is called Hungary, from the prehistoric period. In a display of historical findings from different areas around Hungary, Transylvania, Slovenia, and Croatia.

In a permanent and central display in the museum is the development of the history of Hungary. The exhibition focuses on the rule of the Mediars and the conquests from the period of Roman rule to the Ottoman Turks. The amount of maps, charts, coins, jewelry, artwork and everyday objects displayed here is huge. In addition, videos are presented here and there is an experiment with computerized illustrations of the periods and historical changes that have taken place in Hungary over the years.

There are special displays here for modern Hungarian history, since the Revolution of 1848 and the showcasing of prominent personalities, especially in the past few centuries in the themes of music, literature, science, and medicine.

A special section is held for the Hungarian history of the threatening police, the Communist and Fascist forces from the 20th century until the release and freedom of democracy.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/h3j8LWOoOlY
Dohny utca Synagoga
Dohány Street Synagogue
#About the Big Synagogue of Budapest

Dohány Street Synagogue (Dohány utca Synagoga) was built in 1859. This is without a doubt the most prominent and important place in the Jewish quarter of the city.

The "Tabakgasse Synagogue" as it is sometimes called, is the largest synagogue in Europe. Why "Tabakgasse" you ask? It means tobacco in Hungarian. The three floors of the synagogue can hold up to 3,000 worshippers. It is interesting to note the contrast between the design of the building, which includes Islamic features, and what was introduced into it, which included Christian and church characteristics, such as an organ, a stage at the front and more.

On top of it being an operating synagogue, the building is also the site for the memorial of the 565,000 Hungarian Jews who were murdered in the Holocaust. During the Nazi occupation of Hungary, the synagogue was included in the Jewish Ghetto, and it became a central location for detaining many Jews.

The building includes also the Jewish Museum of Budapest, and many Jewish graves of the Jews from the quarter. There is a monument and a plaque for the memory of the Hungarian Jews who were killed during World War I and were murdered during the Holocaust by the Nazis.

The entrance to the synagogue is with a paid ticket, with the funds being used for the upkeep of the building.



#Architecture of the Synagogue Building

The synagogue was designed in the Mori style, Islamic and Northern-African, characterized by arches and decorations that repeat themselves. The style here combines Gothic elements with varied Islamic characteristics.

The architect Ludwig Förster placed at the exterior of the building two towers 43 meters tall. At the head of the towers are domes shaped like onions. In the center of the facade is a window in the shape of a flower and next to it are decorated windows.

The Islamic characteristics are also reflected in the colorful ceramic tile in which the synagogue is built from the outside, and the synagogue floor, where you can see a mosaic with geometric illustrations. Its walls are also decorated with gold and colorful geometric shapes.

The interior of the synagogue contains, as mentioned, various elements borrowed from Christianity. The most prominent is the organ, which was added to ease the atmosphere in the synagogue and make it happier. This was the practice in the synagogues of the Neolog movement, which grew stronger at that time. Another characteristic of this type is the placement of the synagogue stage at the front rather than the center of the synagogue, as has always been the case. Notice also the two huge and impressive chandeliers hanging from the ceiling.


#History of the Synagogue

The synagogue was built after the Jewish community of the city grew quickly during the 18th century and the 19th century, and reached 30,000 people.

This is how the new synagogue was built during 1854-1859. It was built in the Mori style, the North African style, an exotic decision that was interesting and even trendy at the time. Different from other synagogues, an organ was installed inside, reminded more of a Christian church than a traditional synagogue. The organ has 5,000 pipes. Among others, musicians such as the composer and piano genius Franz Liszt and composer Camille Saint-Saëns.

In 1939 Nazi supporters burned the synagogue, and during the war the remains were used for the Nazi radio station. Throughout the war the synagogue continued to be damaged from allied air raids.

After the war, the building was returned to the ownership of the Jewish community of Budapest, however resources for the reconstruction were limited.

In the 1990's, with the fall of the Communist rule in Hungary, the building was renovated and rebuilt. This is also when the monument for the memorial for the Jewish Holocaust victims was added, including the memorial for the Hungarian Jews and Raoul Wallenberg.



#The Uniqueness of the Big Synagogue of Budapest

Inside the synagogue, you can see many elements borrowed from Christianity. The most prominent of these is the organ, of course, added to a more joyful atmosphere. This was the practice in the synagogues of the Neolog Movement, a movement of Hungarian Jewry that aspired to assimilate into the general Hungarian society. Its most prominent characteristics were the introduction of synagogue organs and mixed choirs, boys and girls together.

Another prominent feature here is the position of the stage at front of the synagogue, rather than at its center.

Some things that cannot be seen during the visit here are as follows:

The language of the prayers, which, as the practice of theologians, is the local language, in this case, Hungarian.

The choir of the mixed synagogue - a choir of men and women together.



#Herzl's Childhood Neighborhood

In fact, you are in the childhood neighborhood of Theodore Herzl, the visionary of the State of Israel. It is here that the future of the Zionist movement and the establishment of the State of Israel grew.

Theodor Herzl was born here in the house next to the synagogue on Dohany Street. The surrounding neighborhood was the area where he grew up, played and studied. In this synagogue, imagine Binyamin Ze'ev Herzl, a Torah scholar, at his Bar Mitzvah ceremony in 1873. Incidentally, Herzl mentions the event several times in his book "The Tabakgasse Synagogue."

Indeed, the small square in front of the synagogue is now called "Herzl Square."




A Closer Look at the Synagogue with the Sounds of the Organ in the Background:

https://youtu.be/qfUX2QdRwFs
Orszghz
Hungarian Parliament Building
#About the Luxurious Parliament Building of Budapest

The Hungarian Parliament Building (Országház) is located on the eastern bank of the Danube River, and is one of the largest Parliament Buildings in the world, and the largest building in Hungary. With almost 700 rooms, hundreds of statues and endless prestigious and luxury, the building, built in the neo-Gothic style, is considered not only huge and impressive, but also beautiful. It is located on the banks of the Danube River and is a symbol of Hungarian Democracy and for the city of Budapest.

20 years and huge sums of money were invested by the Hungarians in the Hungarian Parliament Building, which used to be considered the most expensive building in Europe. Its building began in 1885, before the 1000 years celebration for the Hungarian Empire, that was set for 1896. Hungary, who longed for an impressive symbol to respect this honor, appointed the Jewish architect Imre Steindl to plan the building. Steindl would never get to see the impressive building he designed. He became blind during the construction, and was not at the inauguration ceremony, because he passed away only a few months prior.

The building, which took about 20 years to finish, was worked on by over 1,000 men. About 40 million bricks were used in the construction of the huge and impressive building, from which about half a million are gemstones. About 40 kilos of gold was invested in the decorations.

So for the celebrations of the millennium, the construction was not finalized and continued until 1904, but the Hungarians tend to say that even now construction is never-ending. They mean the expensive restorations and preservations that take place here all the time.



#Some Numbers

The parliament building has 691 rooms and giant halls.

The total length of the staircases in the building equals 20 kilometers.

The impressive dome at the head of the building is 96 meters tall.

At the length of 268 meters and the width of 118 meters, the area of the building is 17,700 square meters.



#Tips

The entrance to the building is only with organized tour groups.

Try getting to the tours in the building as early as possible.

Each day there are tours in the Parliament Building. See the link below the times for the tours in many different languages.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/qjLb8DhiCKk?t=19s


A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/xspwTs2cY1M?t=1m44s



Photos of the Luxurious Parliament Building:

https://youtu.be/fmAeAZUJNPc

Budapest in Winter

Szent Istvan Bazilika
St. Stephen's Basilica
#About the Biggest Basilica in Budapest

The St. Stephen's Basilica (Szent István Bazilika) is the largest church in Budapest. It is named after Saint Stephen, whose holy hand is preserved and secured at the basilica for many years. About 8,000 people come to the basilica daily to pray. In the basilica are art pieces and beautiful decorations.

The church began being built in 1851, and was finalized in 1906. During World War II it was bombed and badly damaged, however during the years it was renovated and returned to its former glory. In the renovations of 1870, the architect Joseph Metzger gave it a Gothic look, as he did to many buildings he renovated.

During World War II, art pieces and documents were hidden at the basement of the basilica of great historical importance. However, the basilica was badly damaged during the war. It was completely renovated only between the years 1983 and 2003.

In the past decade, it has also undergone renovations, deep internal and external renovations, that renovated and returned the basilica to its original beauty. The building combines different architectural styles, including neo-Classical and the neo-Renaissance style.



#What Can Be Seen Here?

Notice that in the basilica are beautiful mosaics that decorate the dome and the ceiling of the church. Look for the Baroque decorations around the interior of the basilica. Like in every church, there are many paintings and motifs of Christianity, however, when you will see the painting on the wall of Madonna, know that this painting is from 1472, and its importance is bigger than all of the rest of the paintings.

The basilica is 96 meters tall, and if you succeed in climbing the 323, you will reach the balcony at a height of 65 meters, with the incredible breath stopping view of all of Budapest.

From the balcony, you will see different sites around Budapest worth a visit. Notice that places like the Big Synagogue of Budapest, Heroe's Square, with the arches behind the main statue, or the pretty Museum of Art that in itself is beautiful, even from far away.


#Why Was the Building of the Basilica Prolonged?

This was in 1851 when the construction of the tallest Catholic basilica in Budapest, and the largest in Hungary, began. A strange chain of events and disasters disturbed the construction. This began with the death of the architects who planned the church, and continued in the collapse of the church dome in 1867. All these lead to huge delays and endless pushing of the finishing date, until it was complete in 1905.

However, it is not only the dates that were affected by the events that haunted the project. The look of the church was hurt quite a bit from the change of architectures and their styles. Maybe this is the reason that the exterior of the St. Stephen's Basilica is not less impressive than its size.




#Who Was the Stephen I?

Stephen I, who the basilica is named after, was the king of Hungary in 1000. He was the king who changed the official religion of Hungary to Christianity. Hungary owes Stephen I a lot, for he fortified the standing of Hungary as a significant country, between eastern and western Europe.

A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/4x68DGwI77Q?t=19s
Varosliget City Park
Varosliget City Park
#About Budapest's Public Park

Varosliget City Park is pretty and well maintained, this is the largest public park in Budapest. There are many plants, and a pastoral feeling.

At the park there are many attractions, among them the man-made lake, the Budapest Zoo, the popular Széchényi Spa, the Heroe's Square at the entrance to the park, the Budapest circus, the beautiful Vajdahunyad Castle, botanical gardens, Transportation Museum, and the weekend flea market.

The park is one of the most recommended places to visit on spring and summer weekends. For the most part, on weekends, festivals and such take place here, and the atmosphere is festive all over the park. In winter as well, it is a lovely place to visit, especially when each winter an ice rink is created under the Vajdahunyad Castle.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/MPHG7RT4cmI


Another Look:

https://youtu.be/C0IT12klz78
Vci Utca
Váci Street
#About the Shopping Street of Budapest

The Vaci Street (Váci utca) Boulevard is the main shopping street in the city, a street of fancy stores in Budapest. The street is the main commercial and luxury area in Budapest, that begins in the local market and ends in Vörösmarty Square.

In the Middle Ages, this street was the border of the city of Pest. When the city was expanded in the 18th century, big and noble houses were built, and from the beginning of the 20th century it became a shopping street full of life and commerce. You can find endless fast food chains here next to massive ancient stores for ceramics, and popular fashion icons like Zara and H&M. Of course, when you need to eat or drink there are many cafes, next to different styles of restaurants and food stalls more or less successful. In the large market at the edge of the street there are great and affordable food stalls.

It is good to know that Vaci Street is no longer a place to great finds like it used to be. There are more tourist traps than in other parts of the city, and many stores sell the same souvenirs as everywhere else. There are special places for shopping here. It is good to mention that from the popular street small alleyways lead to quiet areas and secret hidden corners, but you really need to look hard to find them.




#Tips

Vaci Street Boulevard is active between 9:00 am and 6:00 pm, and on Saturdays from 9:00 am to 2:00 pm.

In the southern and calmer section of the street, near the large market, there are nice souvenir stores.



A Closer Look at the Vaci Street Boulevard:

https://youtu.be/bIpwC2k0bAs
Szchnyi Spa
Széchenyi Thermal Bath
#About the Popular Thermal Bath of Budapest

Want to bath in thermal baths just like in olden times? The thermal baths are an experience, and part of the experience in visiting Budapest. After all, this is the "Spa City" of Europe. In every corner there are thermal baths, whose water comes from hot water springs located under the city. These baths are known for helping to heal skin, digestion, and nerve problems.

Széchenyi Thermal Bath (Széchényi Spa) is the most popular bath in Budapest. These baths are located in the eastern part of the city, in Pest. This is a large site, and popular, thanks to its location in the public park. If you do not require total silence, then this place is pretty nice, even with the large crowds.

Nothing can be done - to here many locals and tourists come and visit. These are the largest baths in Europe, and are located in the largest public park in the city, Varosliget City Park.

To tell the truth, the Széchenyi Thermal Bath is a huge place. There are three external swimming pools, with a wave pool for kids, and 12 more thermal baths with different temperatures and designs in the open air. Next to the baths, there is a sports center, spa, gym, physical therapy center, sauna, massages and more.

With the design, the Széchenyi Thermal Bath is the newest in the city, but has existed for a rather long time, since 1913. The design, accordingly, is from another period. The neo-Baroque style of the baths gives a special atmosphere to those bathing. In one visit, there is some doubt if you will be able to experience all the pools in the complex. But, you are more than welcome to come and try!



#Tips

Bring your own towels, otherwise, you will have to buy some here.



A Closer Look :

https://youtu.be/ZWnQgHT6dFI


The Great Market Hall
Great Market Hall
#About the Big Market of Budapest

The Big Market Hall (Tolbuhin Korut) or the covered market of Budapest, is one of the original and large markets in Europe, and in Hungary especially. The market is located in a building of the old train station, and food stalls are on the ground floor and the rest of the shops are on the second floor.

This is a wonderful and rich market for food. It is located at the edge of Vaci Street Boulevard, the main shopping street of Budapest, and has become the largest tourist market in the city.

Don't miss a chance to visit this market. On the first floor fruits, vegetables, cheese, and different kinds of meats are sold. The undoubted ruler of this market is the paprika, the symbol of the Hungarian kitchen, that decorates all the stalls. Paprika can be bought here in all sorts of flavors and different packaging. You can buy paprika in tin cans or designed wool bags.

On the second floor of the market, you can buy hand stitched table clothes, hand made embroidery, Matryoshka dolls, glass vases, and kitchen utensils. The prices are fairly cheap, even though it is crowded with tourists.

In the food area, you can taste from the local and loved stalls. This can be seen as a hugely popular restaurant with many kitchens, where delicious Hungarian food can be eaten, simple and cheap.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/vwkfJ5mr6ek
Vajdahunyad Castle
#About the Castle in the Public Park

Vajdahunyad Castle (Vajdahunyadvár Castle) is a beautiful castle located at a public park in Budapest, in Varosliget City Park. Today, it hosts the Hungarian Museum of Agriculture.

Actually, the beautiful castle is an open architectural museum, an architectural stunt by architect Ignác Alpár in 1896. In the eclectic castle, 21 different buildings were collected, taken from different regions and representing different periods and styles that characterize Hungarian building - from the Romanesque architecture, to Gothic architecture, and of the Renaissance-Baroque.

It seems that the main reason that this castle is known and loved around Budapest is that during winter the man-made lake nearby becomes an ice skating rink. During winter, many Budapest locals come here to enjoy the cold outdoor air, family time together or with friends, the rink is completely free.

For this reason, there is a skating club nearby, a bright colored building that was planned by Lechner Ödön. This is a long building, with glass windows and metal frames.

In the courtyard of the castle, there is a sculpture garden, with statues of the world's greatest people, and greatest Hungarians. But the interesting thing, is that with figures like Washington and Churchill, the most famous and beloved statue here is actually "Gallus Anonymous" - a clerk whose identity is unknown and sculpted as a figure wearing a hood without a face. This is the clerk of the court of the king of Hungary, Bella III, who wrote the history of his time, one of the most important in the history of Hungary. This is how Hungarians treat officials who do their work faithfully.



A Visit in the Beautiful Castle:

https://youtu.be/wzXnYgLkb2I



A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/A-4Tc_LbH-0



In Winter:

https://youtu.be/JlyMDdfxN0U


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.