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Kerameikos
Kerameikos
#About the Ancient Cemetery of Athens

Kerameikos is an ancient cemetery that was built around the 12th century BC. Research has found that already 4,600 years ago humans were buried here.

Today, there are ruins of tombstones made of ceramics, which explains the name of the cemetery, Kerameikos.

Kerameikos is considered one of the more interesting sites in Ancient Athens, it can be reached by a short walk from the Monastiraki station.

In the cemetery, you can see recreations of ancient and fancy headstones that were placed here. The original headstones were moved to different museums around Athens. One of the museums is the small museum at the cemetery itself, where some of the original headstones are displayed.

The most impressive headstone is the Dionysius of Colitis, in the shape of the bull. Walk around the rows of graves in Kerameikos, and then go into the small museum, that shows some of the original headstones of the graves.



A Closer Look at the Museum and the Cemetery:

https://youtu.be/dOt-esfYFIc
Juliet's Tomb
Tomba di Giulietta
#About Juliet's Famous Grave

You are in Juliet's tomb, the beautiful female side of the romantic couple Romeo and Juliet, the tragic heroes of one of the most famous stories in history.

The grave of the heroine of the Shakespearean tragedy that took place in Verona in the 14th century is less known in the city. Relative to the familiar house of the heroine of the novel between the famous lovers of Western culture, the tomb is less popular among tourists, although it seems to be even more exciting.

The tomb is located near the monks' quarters of the church of San Francesco El Corso. Here lived the monk who married Romeo and Juliet, before they took their own lives. Thanks to him, the couple, who had married and love each other, received the blessing of the Church and God. Even though the two did not receive the consent of the families for their love.

Next to th e tomb you will also see the statue of Shakespeare, the playwright who made the story of Romeo and Juliet became known throughout the world and the eternal novel of all time.


Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/96dNEK6hFDg


The moment of separation of Romeo and Juliet from the 1968 film:

https://youtu.be/lAd686quD_Ma
Paris
Père Lachaise Cemetery
#About the Most Famous Cemetery in the Entire World

The Pere Lachaise Cemetery is probably the most known cemetery in the world. As you walk through it, it sometimes seems as if you are in a history book. There is a sort of representation here of almost everyone who has succeeded in making an impact on French culture in recent centuries, with an emphasis on the Parisians among them.

In Pere Lachaise you can see quite a few magnificent tombstones that look like little churches. Because of the custom of Catholics to bury several dead in the same place, most of the graves are family graves where many members of a family are buried for generations.

The cemetery was established in 1804 when the land at the time was outside of Paris, it was purchased by the municipality and turned into a cemetery. This was initiated by the French Emperor, Napoleon Bonaparte. Despite the interesting initiative, no one was eager to bury his relatives in a cemetery so far away from the city and only a few did. The cemetery's administration did not give up and conducted a campaign to promote the sale of the graves in Pere Lachaise. They moved a few authors of the period to the new cemetery, including the famous playwright Moliere. Even then celebrities attracted a lot of attention and the campaign succeeded! - Many began to bury their loved ones next to the dead celebrities of Pere Lachaise and the place became a staggering success. Today there are over 300,000 people buried there. By the way, anyone interested in visiting the graves of famous people that he admires, can buy a map of the cemetery at the main entrance and navigate around it.

Among the famous people buried in Pere Lachaise is the composer Frederic Chopin, the early filmmaker Georges Melies, the brilliant British playwright Oscar Wilde and the most important French singer Edith Piaf. All these people were buried alongside the graves of singers such as Gilbert Baku and Yves Montand, who is buried along with Simone Siniora, his wife and an actress. The most famous and adored grave amongst the young people there is the grave of the American rock idol of the 1960's, the head of the band "The Doors" Jim Morrison, who died in Paris and was buried in Père Lachaise. There is a fenced plot within the boundaries of the cemetery, separated from the rest of the tombs, which serves as a Jewish cemetery. The Rothschild family and other famous Jews are buried there.

The name of the cemetery comes from the name of Father Francois de la Séz, the confessor of King Louis the 14th.



#About Jim Morrison's Grave

One of the most famous graves in the Pere Lachaise Cemetery, is the grave of the renowned singer Jim Morrison, the star of "The Doors" band. His grave receives the most visits. Morrison died in 1971 from a drug overdose at the age of 27. Morrison was one of the most admired rock stars and wrote most of the band's songs. Today he is considered a poet no less than a musician. By the way, it is interesting that he studied film at the university. In any case, he was a star and idol of the youth in his lifetime, but he gained most his fame after his death and youth from all over the world rushed to Père Lachaise, to visit his grave.

The sight of groups of young people lighting candles and placing flowers is pretty common here, however some cases of vandalism have been seen here several times - the tomb was vandalized with graffiti and much of the vegetation around it was destroyed. The fans often left a lot of dirt and grime around the grave, so the cemetery management decided to place a guard near the grave, which helped to moderate the behavior.



#About Oscar Wilde's Grave

The story about the grave of Oscar Wilde, the Irish poet and playwright, is sad and maybe a little funny.

Wilde died in France in 1900 and was originally buried in a small and not particularly impressive cemetery near Paris. In 1909, an obsessed fan was determined to bury him in a place worthy of his status and passed Wilde's remains to the famous Pere Lachaise cemetery.

An American sculptor named Jacob Epstein took upon himself the project of designing Wilde's tomb. The construction of the sculpture took about three years, at the end Epstein reveal ed his work - a statue of a man with precise anatomical details in an Egyptian style. Yes, the statue was completely naked, including the private areas. It was a little ironic, because Wilde, an admired Englishman and cultural hero, fell from his high status, into prison and humiliation, after being discovered being a homosexual - a serious offense in England of those days. When he left prison, poor and lonely, he moved to Paris, where he eventually died. It was not until after his death that history did him a favor that he won the iconic status of one of the greatest playwrights of all time.

In any case, the cemetery management decided to cover the sculpture's private area with a fig leaf specially designed for it. One night an anonymous fan decided to remove the leaf, but to his dismay he removed the "relevant" part of the statue along with the leaf. To this day you can find the emasculated statue...

In recent years, a two-meter high glass partition has been placed around the tomb to prevent visitors from continuing their habit of kissing the grave with lips smeared with lipstick. However, soon the glass was also stained with red lipstick. Now a fence surrounds the entire area, this time to protect the glass ..



#Graves and Stories

Famous and romantic characters are buried in the Pere Lachaise Cemetery.

Abelard and Heloise are one of the couples. Abelard, who was a smart scholar at the Notre Dame Cathedral, attracted many students and admirers. The priest of Paris took him to be a private tutor for the orphaned niece who grew up in his house - Heloise. She was 17 years old and he was 36, their love won and it was not long before they had a son. The angry uncle sent messengers to neuter Abelar and as a result they both ran away to different monasteries that distanced them. Despite the distance, the two did not forget each other and wrote dozens of love letters that were published over the years. Legend has it that when Heloise was buried, 22 years after her lover, he extended his hands from the grave to embrace her.

We can learn another romantic story from the grave of a young journalist named Victor Noir, who was killed by Napoleon's nephew in a duel over the heart of a girl. On his grave was a life-size bronze statue of him, with a noticeable bulge in his trousers. Due to the fact that he was not a small man, the statue has become a symbol of fertility and to this day many women come to feel the bulge, hoping to conceive and surround the sculpture with flowers and potted plants.

Another story takes place in 1871, the last rebels of the Paris commune were barricaded in the cemetery. A total of 147 rebels were executed in front of the cemetery wall on the southeast side. "The Wall of the Commune Fighters," the wall of which their brothers were murdered and buried, is still a pilgrimage site for French leftists.



#An Interesting Anecdote About Pere Lachaise

In the early days of the cemetery, in 1804, it was greeted coldly by the Parisians who were used to throwing the dead into mass graves. The cemetery is actually a huge park in northeast Paris with about 6,000 trees on an area of 440,000 square meters.

300,000 people are buried in the Pere Lachaise Cemetery, however there are only 100,000 tombstones.

Weird, right? - The explanation is that when a grave does not have visitors for a long time, the body is transferred to a mass grave.
This is how today's rich Parisians, who want a "private home" rather than "public housing" after their death, win. Today they pay a lot of money to buy a permanent burial place for themselves and their families.



#Pere Lachaise Tourism

Today, Pere Lachaise is one of the most popular sites in Paris. This cemetery has existed for more than 200 years. It is the resting place of a million souls and attracts over 2 million visitors every year. Some of the tombstones are tourist attractions - such as those of Chopin, Edith Piaf, Moliere, Bizet and Oscar Wilde.

The staff of the cemetery, which is made of about 100 people, feel the workload: they have to clean the rubbish, the graffiti and the more or less respectable souvenirs left by the tourists to the dead.



A Closer Look at the Cemetery:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=826GJParjCE&t=108s
Cangrande II Statue
Cangrande II Statue
#About the Statue of the Historic Ruler of Verona

The original statue of the Cangrande II della Scala riding on his horse, is perhaps the most famous work in the Castelvecchio Museum.

The original statue was taken from the tomb of the Scaligeri tombs here, leaving behind the replica of the statue of Cangrande II della Scala - the one before you.

The Scaligeri family was the noble family that ruled the city of Verona in the Middle Ages. The Cangrande, which was immortalized in the statue, was one of the most prominent members of the family and the ruler of the city from which it emerged.

Cangranda II della Scala was also the builder of the Scaligerie Bridge, in Italian Ponte Scaligero, which runs over the Adige River and connects the fortress to the opposite bank of the river. This was a way out of Castelvecchio, in the event of a siege or danger.

Cemeteries

Monumental Cemetery
Monumental Cemetery
#The World's Most Beautiful Cemetery

There are not many cemeteries in the world that are tourist attractions. The historic Monumental Cemetery of Milan is one of the most beautiful cemeteries where you can visit and even be happy about it if you like beauty and sculptures and have a connection to any emotions. This is a cemetery where artistic sculptures of quality and quantity are scattered, which only a country like Italy seems to be able to produce.

This is a beautiful cemetery date back to 1866, where Italian statues, classical and contemporary, adorn the tombstones and gardens. And it's not just sculptures and small art. Look around and you will see here an enchanting splendor, of the finest classical architecture. From Egyptian-style obelisks to copies of Greek temples.

From the main entrance, made of marble stone and neo-Renaissance design, you will arrive at the exhibition with sketches and photos, which have an overview of the history of the place, documentation and stories of its unique graves and monuments.

Near the entrance, you will see the magnificent graves of the city's dignitaries. The cemetery also contains a monument to the 800 Jews who were murdered in the Holocaust. Holocaust victims who were taken during World War II and murdered in the concentration camps. They are commemorated in the Palanti Chapel.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/q-hgIsFOvbQ


A tour:

https://youtu.be/zcUwDB69SwY
Cementiri de Montjuc
Montjuïc Cemetery
#About the Cemetary

This special cemetery has been standing here since 1883. It was created to be the main cemetery of Barcelona, to replace the El Poblano cemetery in the west. Today, there are over a million graves at the cemetery, spread over 150,000 lots, alcoves, and mausoleums.

As the population and finance of the city grew in the 19th century, demand for grave sites also increased. The location was chosen on the foothills of Montjuïc, far from the bustling city. The steep hillside painted the magical character of the cemetery, with curving walkways, slanted alcoves, and an ocean view.

The building of the cemetery happened during different artistic and design periods: the early monuments were prepared in the Classical and Gothic styles, and the more modern show Art Nouveau characteristics, or at least the Barcelona version, the Modernism.


A Closer Look at the Cemetary:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nTbIBuhEHec
Imperial Crypt
Imperial Crypt
#About the Burial Place of the Austrian Emperors

You can not talk about the Imperial Crypt and who is buried in it, without first explaining what it is. Well, a crypt is a stone room or space, usually built under the floor of a church or a castle. It is used as a burial site and has coffins, sarcophagi or remains of saints.

What do we mean by the remains? According to the customs of the nobility, the internal organs of those buried here, who were of course the imperial dynasty, were scattered among the various churches in the area. In the crypt, only what remains of the body is buried in the ornate sarcophagi.

The Imperial Crypt is the place where the emperors of the Austro-Hungarian Empire are buried. It is located in the Capuchin Church. The first burial here was that of Anna, who was buried with her husband and cousin in 1633. She opened an entire burial tradition here and since then eight more burial halls have been added, altogether, nine halls. The last burial was in 2011, in which Otto von Habsburg, the son of the last emperor of the dynasty, was buried.

Altogether, there are 12 emperors, 19 empires and 149 princes and princesses of the imperial dynasty of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ab8veZyxZSY
Highgate Cemetery
Highgate Cemetery
#About the Cemetery

Highgate Cemetery opened in 1839. Over the years it became one of London's most famous burial sites. The grounds are built on the expanse of 150,000 square meters, where well-known personalities from the British capital, as well as ordinary residents of the city are buried. The cemetery was designed by the architect Stephen Geary. It is in this cemetery where revolutionaries like Karl Marx, scientists (like Michael Faraday), creators (like Mary Ann Evans), anarchists and communists, Parliament members, military officers and capitalists finally meet.

The municipality of London faced issues at the beginning of the 19th century. The churches at that time did not meet the burden of the dead and the Parliament legally allowed the establishment of private cemeteries. That was the basis for opening Highgate.

The architect who designed the cemetery was Stephen Geary. Over the years, buildings were built on the grounds, elaborate tombstones were erected, some of them large neo-Gothic style. These reflect the social and political history of Victorian London, London of the 19th century. The cemetery is full of trees, shrubs and flowers, growing almost without human contact. Many animals can be found here - butterflies and birds, hedgehogs, bats and foxes.

A hill at the height on 114 meters stands on the compound. Tombs, catacombs, burial estates and passageways were excavated and built into the ground. Of the famous structures on the hill is the Egyptian avenue – a passage inside the hill lined by burial chambers. This is designed in an Egyptian style inspired by the Valley of Kings near Luxor. Another structure is the Lebanon Circle – an avenue dug into the ground around an ancient Lebanese cedar tree with burial chambers in its walls.

Since its establishment, the cemetery has been managed by the London Cemetery Company. However, as the demand for burial declines, it became neglected due to a lack of funding. Since 1981, the cemetery has been managed by the Friends of Highgate Cemetery Trust, which rehabilitates and renovates the area.



#The Dark Side of the Cemetery

Located in northern London, the Highgate Cemetery, founded in 1839, is the final resting place of over 170,000 people, including some well-known figures of our time.

Despite the pastoral green that surround the grounds, many people report graves surrounded by ghosts, supernatural powers, dark sounds and other strange activities that take place while they are in the cemetery.
One famous story is that of the vampire of the cemetery. This vampire is not from children stories but rather a phantom at a height of over two meters. He wears a long black robe and has penetrating red eyes. Legend has it that the vampire has been observed several dozen times in the cemetery since the 1960s.

According to rumors, the vampire was actually a nobleman who lived during the Middle Ages in Romania. His body was transferred to England sometime in the 18th century and he was buried in the grounds of the Highgate Cemetery. It was here that he dwelled for several decades until "resurrected" by a satanic sect that operated throughout the cemetery. Disturbingly, several bodies of foxes and other dead animals were found in the cemetery. Of course this can be dismissed by a notion that it is "nonsense", but the stories also spark fear in people who then go seeking out the vampire wandering among the graves. You can choose which response you prefer…



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8CEZJAvNQdM


Jewish Cemetery Warsaw
Warsaw Jewish Cemetery
#About the Jewish Cemetery that Survived the Holocaust

The Warsaw Jewish Cemetery was founded in 1806. This is one of the largest and most active Jewish cemeteries in Poland. During World War II, the cemetery was included in the area of ​​the Ghetto and was more or less the only garden for Jews. Many of them came here during the terrible period of the Holocaust, in order to receive a bit of nature.

The cemetery has over 200,000 gravestones. Hebrew, Yiddish, Polish - the captions appear in many languages ​​and illustrate the complexity of the situation of the Jews in Poland and Europe of those days.

Many of these tombstones have great historical and artistic value. Here you can see the mausoleum of the three Jewish writers. Peretz, Simon Ansky and Yaakov Dinzon. You can also see the statue on the grave of Jewish actress Esther Rachel Kaminska.

In a moving corner of Warsaw's Jewish cemetery, a beautiful memorial is erected in memory of the great educator Janusz Korczak, in which he is depicted walking with the orphans of his orphanage, to the trains and the extermination camps. Korczak knew he was going to die and refused the Nazi offer to be released, because of his fame and his high international standing.

If you look closely you will see that right in front of the cemetery is one of Warsaw's largest department stores, the "Dom Modi Cliff" department store of luxury brands. Thus, both sides of modern Warsaw can be seen - on the one hand, a tragic and bloody history, and on the other - an empire of cheap shopping in a modern, lively and vibrant city.



A Closer Look at the Jewish Cemetery:

https://youtu.be/qxGo5xAm91k



Another Look:

https://youtu.be/Z-iMn3yPF3c
Catacombs of Saint Sebastian
#About the Catacombs

As Christianity spread in Rome, the Christians were persecuted by the Roman authorities. Therefore, they buried their dead in underground chambers. This was a method of protecting the graves from Roman desecration. The remains of these tombs are the catacombs, underground burial complexes dug by man and usually hewn into the walls.

The Catacombs of Saint Sebastian (Catacombe di San Sebastiano), located just below the Basilica of San Sebastian, is only a small part of Rome's many burial complexes. You will see examples of a variety of burial methods which characterized the 2nd and 3rd centuries CE. You can enter the catacomb on a guided tour that runs every half hour.

The catacombs along Via Appia in Rome are considered to be the most famous, as well as the most interesting sites along its route.



#What are Catacombes?

Catacombs are man-made burial chambers dug underground. The plots are organized in corridors whose walls are hewn with graves.

The best known catacombs in Rome are those of the first Christians in the Roman Empire's capital. In the years between 64 AD and 313 AD, Christians were persecuted by the Roman authorities, who did everything in their power to hinder the Christians’ efforts to attract the citizens to the new religion. It is for this reason that the Christians were buried underground. In this way they protected their graves, out of reach of the Roman pagans.

There are decorations on the tombs from the early days of Christianity, which inspired many painters and artists in ancient times. You may be surprised to know that the Catacombs of Rome have Jewish tombs, and are not solely Christian.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/SENK3kEOsNA
Montmartre Cemetery
#About the Cemetery

Ever since 1726, the construction of a cemetery in Paris was prohibited for health reasons. As a result of the prohibition, cemeteries began to develop on the outskirts of the city, one of them on the Montmartre Hill, which was then located north of the city.

The definition of Montmartre is "the mountain of martyrs." The place was named because of the belief that holy saints were executed on this hill, including Saint Denis in the year 272.

The area has a famous and fascinating history. Over the centuries it has been transformed from a small village with vineyards and flour mills to the bohemian center of the greatest Parisian painters and artists of the 19th century. These artists lived a life of creativity and festivity in the streets. Although most of the charm of the hill has been lost over the years, and is now a very touristy area, you can still find in Montmartre parts that will help you imagine the crazy past of the place. This is one of the ”mandatory places” that you should visit on a trip to Paris, and it is recommended to spend about half a day here.

The cemetery of Montmartre reminds us a bit of the huge cemetery in Pere Lachaise: it is large and many famous people are buried there, among them the painter Edgar Degas, the filmmaker Francois Truffaut and the famous writer Emil Zola.

Among the tombstones you can see good-hearted French youth who have come to relax and enjoy the changing weather and history that prevails here in every corner and every grave.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CRvbrGOQQPk
Arche Scaligere
#About the Tomb of the Family of the Rulers of Verona

Near the Piazza dei Signori in Verona you will see Arche Scaligere. It is a stylish Gothic burial complex, where the graves of the Scaligere tombs are located. This family is the famous della Scala family, whose sons ruled the city of Verona, in the late Middle Ages and especially in the 13th and 14th centuries.

The complex features 5 designed tombs, built in Gothic style. This noble family tomb was set up at the entrance to Santa Maria Antica, the small church they used to visit and confess their sins. This Romanesque church was established in the 7th century and renewed in the 12th century.

Notice the structures of these tombs, covered with embroidered cloth, built in Gothic style and reminiscent of small temples. Many say that these impressive tombs overshadow the beautiful church next to them, which was completed in the 12th century and became the family church of the princes of della Scala.

By the way, those who want to know about the strength of the Scaligere family, who ruled Verona in the years 1260-1387, can visit the Castelvecchio Fortress built by them.


#What Will You See Here?

You are standing in the family estate of the Scaligere, in the courtyard of the ancient Church of Santa Maria. The five princes of the della Scala house are buried in the pointed iron buildings in front of you. These princes are all noblemen who ruled the city during the 13th and 14th centuries and brought Verona in the Middle Ages to the height of its glory.

Above the church door is the sarcophagus of Cangrande della Scala, who died in 1329. Nearby you can see a replica of this noble statue. The original is found in Castelvecchio Fortress.

On the left are the painted monuments of Giovanni, who died in 1359 and the sarcophagus of the First Massino of 1277.

Under the canopy, in the railing, you can see the sarcophagi and statues of Mastino II and Cansignorio, who died in 1351 and 1375, respectively.

Above them you will see the remnants of the armor, with a ladder - the family symbol. This is the symbol of this strong lineage, a symbol often repeated in the iron railings of the compound.

Apart from sarcophagi decorated with reliefs, you will see three burial boxes in the compound, topped by stylish marble canopies, carved and decorated with sculptures. Pay particular attention to the replica of the Cangrande II della Scala, mounted on his horse.


#Detective Activity for Kids

Try to find as many examples as possible, on the molded iron grilles, with the repeating example of the ladder, the family symbol. Who found the most?


View from the Outside:

https://youtu.be/mWvW4JUY4oU


A Tour:

https://youtu.be/jDftUzRjBOQ
Jewish Cemetery
#About Vienna’s Ancient Jewish Cemetery

The four Jewish cemeteries of Vienna tell the historical story of the Jews in the city, a history that combines the decrees, murders and expulsion of Jewish residents.

The Jewish Cemetery (Alten Jüdischen Friedhof) is only one of them. In this cemetery are buried prominent figures in the history of the Jews of Vienna, among them the famous Jewish conductor and composer Gustav Mahler, members of the Viennese branch of the Rothschild family and the Jewish playwright Arthur Schnitzler.

If you look carefully at the place, you will see that most of the tombs are not properly maintained and are worn out. The vegetation takes over, parts of the graves tend to fall and in general - the place seems relatively neglected. However, it is still fascinating because of the history it holds.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/HmPvyK78mMI
Vyšehrad Cemetery
#About the Cemetery of the Great Czechs

Near the Basilica of St. Peter and St. Paul, on the eastern bank of Prague, lies the Vyšehrad Cemetery (Vyšehradský Hbititov), which for many years has been the cemetery of the nation's greats, where many of the Czechs are buried.

Among the people buried here are famous Czech artists, musicians, writers and leaders. In particular, the graves of writer Karl Shafek, the composers Dvořák and Smetana, and the pioneer of the Art Nouveau style, the Czech artist Mucha, are buried here.


A Closer Look at the Vyšehrad Cemetery:

https://youtu.be/BVmjsaL_Hgs


A Long Walk Along the Grounds:

https://youtu.be/zMBeoBh6-9o
Old Jewish Cemetery
#About the Most Ancient Cemetery in Europe

Inside the most ancient cemetery in Europe, the Old Jewish Cemetery (Starý Židovský Hřbitov), is no less than 12,000 tombstones and another 1,000 hidden graves (though there are assumptions that there are more hidden graves than this, about 100,000). The years give their marks in the shriveled graves and many of the tombstones are crumbling and some of them are slowly swallowed up in the ground. In general, there is even a little magic in this disorder, crowded and mess.

For more than 300 years this place was used as a cemetery, but in 1787 it was closed to use. It is surrounded by trees and the graves are very crowded, possibly even too crowded. Though the area was expanded more than a few times, the number of deaths gets larger than the available land. Today there are 12 layers of graves here.

The atmosphere here is special and mysterious, mainly it sends a shudder down your spine. Many see this cementery as the symbol for the destruction of the Jewish community in Prague during the Holocaust. It is one of the most important and preserved historical sites in the Jewish Quarter of Prague.



#Graves at the Cemetery

The oldest tombstone here was built in 1439, and it belongs to the poet Avigdor Karo.

Another grave that has become a popular spot (the candles lit all around here will testify to its popularity) is the grave of the Jewish Mahal of Prague, Rabbi Yehuda ben Bezalel Loew. He was an important rabbi and spiritual leader, teacher, and guide, and his name is involved with many stories and legends. The most famous of these stories is the story of the golem of Prague. Many visitors come here to ask for forgiveness, and blessings.

The tombstone that looks the best in this cementery is that of a women named Hendl Bassevi. Though it is very ancient (since 1628), it has been nicely preserved and has stayed whole, at its head is the sculpture of a lion.



#Who is the Golem from Prague

Rabbi Yehuda ben Bezalel Loew, the Maharall, was for many years the main rabbi of Prague. He dedicated his life to the welfare of the community and his goal was to was to purify the Children of Israel from the false rumors spread about them, that they used the blood of Christian children to knead the matzo dough on Passover.

One night, the rabbi heard a voice telling him, "make a human figure from clay and through it you will succeed in thwarting the plots of your enemies."

And so the rabbi did. He summoned his son-in-law and his best student and updated them with the vision he had experienced. They formed the Golem in seven days. In the Jewish year 5340, the three scholars went to the banks of the Holtba River and formed a human figure three cubits high from the clay. After they finished, the rabbi's son-in-law turned around the figure as he recited a Kabalistic prayer. After doing this several times, the Golem opened his eyes and came to life. The rabbi turned to him and said: "We have created you from the dust of the earth to protect the Israelites from their enemies and to prevent them from their sorrows and suffering." The figure received the name Yosef and he became a servant in the rabbi's court.

For most of the day the Golem was sitting in the corner of the study room, a bit like a fly on the wall. In order not to attract too much attention, the rabbi put a talisman around his neck that made him invisible. During the week leading up to Passover, the Golem began his mission - he walked around the city and checked every person who entered the quarter with packages. Quite a few times, he found a dead baby in them, which was supposed to serve as proof of the false plots against the Jews. The Golem served the members of the Jewish community in Prague.

He did so until the Jews finally arrived at the longed-for day, when it was widely declared that the plots were baseless and that persecution of future Jews was prohibited. At this point the rabbi decided to take back Yosef's life. They performed the ritual again and the Golem was once again a lifeless mass of clay. They placed it under a pile of books in the attic of the Alt-Noy Synagogue in Prague.



#Tips

The cementery is surrounded by a tall fence, so if you want to see the whole place, enter the museum for decorative arts, in the bathroom on the first floor is a window from which you can see the entire cementery.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/HmPvyK78mMI
Trumpeldor Cemetery
#About the Cemetery for the Greatest Cultural Figures and Veterans of Tel Aviv

Behind a high stone wall with three gates, one of Tel Aviv's oldest cemeteries is the Trumpeldor C emetery. This is without doubt the most prestigious cemetery in Tel Aviv.

The cemetery on Trumpeldor Street in Tel Aviv was established in 1902. This year, the cholera epidemic broke out in Egypt and spread to Israel. The Ottoman authorities then forbade burying the victims of the plague in the Jewish cemetery in Jaffa, which was located in the heart of the city. This was the reason why Shimon Rokeach, one of the leaders of the Jewish community in Jaffa, obtained from the authorities 12,000 square meters of government ownership, which were far from the city then. He turned it into the new cemetery.

Soon the cemetery began to serve the new city of Tel Aviv, founded in 1909. Over the years it was neglected. In the end, a new cemetery was established in 1932, which took its place. It is located in the Nahalat Yitzhak neighborhood of the city.

In preparation for the 100th anniversary of Tel Aviv, the restoration and preservation of the cemetery began. During which special tombstones were exposed and renewed. Since then, the public has become very interested in this cemetery, where quite a few well-known and important people have been buried in Israel's history.

Want examples ? Tel Aviv Mayor Meir Dizengoff, the first mayor of Tel Aviv, Shimon Rokeach, founder of the cemetery, and Mayor of Tel Aviv, Aharon Shlush, founder of Neve Tzedek, and others. There are writers here, such as YH Brenner and David Shimoni, painters such as Nachum Gutman and Reuven Rubin, and cultural and music figures such as Shoshana Damari and Arik Einstein. There are also leaders and public figures such as Moshe Sharett.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/xgYumuJsk7w


Bloggers:

https://youtu.be/DLVx0jCmELY


Instruction:

https://youtu.be/QUx8L1DlAqU
Capuchin Church
#About the Capuchin Church

The Capuchin Church, or St. Mary's Church of the Angels, is a modest church located in the southwestern corner of Neuer Markt and near the Hofburg Palace. The very modest facade of this church does not betray the fact that it is the "Pantheon" of the Habsburgs. It is associated with the Order of the Capuchins, a Catholic Order of Franciscan Order.

The Capuchin Church was built following an investment by the first Empress, who was also buried there. It was Anna, wife of the holy Roman Emperor Matthias Habsburg. Following her burial, the burial tradition of the dynasty began. Beyond that, the Order of the Capuchins attracted royalty and nobility from all over the world. So in the underground hall, in this Imperial Crypt, 145 emperors and members of their Habsburg family are buried, who have been buried here since 1633.

It all began with a chilling practice that was practiced here between the years 1654-1878. During this period, parts were taken from the corpse and buried in different places, and not in one place. For example, the hearts of anyone buried here, were buried in the Church of the Augustinian monks, while their internal organs were buried in St. Stephen's Cathedral.

Look at the coffins. Pay special attention to the decoration of the coffins of the two emperors Maria Theresa and the Emperor Franz I, who were particularly rich. In contrast, the grave of their son, Joseph II, is modest and simple.

The name of the Church, by the way, is an important place in our daily lives to this day. In the style of the Capuchin monks, the hoodies worn today are made. From the color of their brown robe, the cappuccino was given its name.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f6fjxnTLybk


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.