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Crete
Crete
#About the Largest Island in Greece

The Mediterranean atmosphere in Crete is perfect. Between the remains of a glorious past, one is greeted by a pleasant and friendly local population that speaks a different language but behaves with hospitality in everyone. Nowhere beats Crete when it comes to experiencing the sun-burned Greek charm, with the lazy and relaxed lifestyle of those who have everything and need nothing.

The island, which is the fifth largest of the Mediterranean islands, is considered the largest of the Greek islands. Who has not ruled here throughout history? There were the Greeks, the Romans, the Ottomans, the Venetians, and the Germans in World War II.

This island is a treasure. Crowds of tourists flock here every year, searching for the sea, the sun, the excellent food and some of the remnants of the Minoan culture, born here and the pioneer of Western cultures.

Apart from high mountains and small villages, beaches and blue bays, olive groves, bubbling nightlife and delicious taverns, Crete also has wooded hills, fertile soil and densely cultivated valleys, deep canyons, unique archeological sites, steep cliffs that rise from small beaches and sandy bays and bright villages.

The mountainous part of Crete is characterized by high mountains with fruit trees and endless olive groves. The local estimates is that the island has over 20 million olive trees.

This is actually a chain of mountains, which divides the island of Crete in two, and separates its southern and northern parts. Interestingly, if the major cities and popular tourist towns are on the northern coast, those interested can find peace and quiet on the more pleasant, quiet southern beaches and small villages, whose inhabitants live slowly and calmly, some of them still engaged in traditional handicrafts.


#History
The island of Crete preceded Greece and only became part of modern Greece in 1913 after the Balkan wars.

Minoan, Greek, Roman, Byzantine, Venetian, and Ottoman - the strategic location of the island in the Mediterranean made it a desirable island by empires and rulers. Everyone seemed to have passed through here, leaving their mark.

It all starts with the Minoan culture. Many see Crete as the cradle of Western culture, always referring to the Minoans, which was the first known culture on the continent of Europe.

The Minoan culture was of paramount importance in Greek mythology as well. The legends tell of Zeus's birth in Crete, the father of the Gods and the ruler of the heavens. It was from this place that the Minoan king Minus ruled Greece and the eastern Mediterranean. Crete was also the site where Hercules was anchored to complete one of the missions he was given, and this was where Athens, every year, sent a boat laden with human sacrifice.

After Greece, the Romans, the Venetians, and the Ottomans ruled here. At the end of the 19th century, they withdrew from the island, following the rebellions of the islanders. In the early 20th century Crete became part of Greece and during World War II it was conquered by the German army. During the war several battles between them and the Allies took place on its land.


#Entertainment
Among the sites for young people on the island of Crete, Malia is considered the capital of clubs, bars, parties and nightlife.


#Food
Souvlaki, giros, Greek salad, tzatziki, ouzo, feta cheese and seafood are plentiful, but there are many more wonderful dishes offered in Greek tavernas.

The best Taverna experience is to open with the rich Greek Mezes - a collection of excellent Greek starters.

Greek salad is also satisfying and wonderful, especially when the ingredients are fresh and seasoned well. Tavernas will usually do the job.

Meat lovers will be able to find any street is souvlaki, the Greek Shishlik, or Girus, the Greek shawarma. Fish is usually more expensive in these taverns, while octopus and chicken will be cheaper.

The local feta cheese (very high fat percentage) and the large, juicy red grapes.

Another pleasant surprise is the local wine, combined with ouzo and raki that flow through the streets like water add to the light mood of the island.

Just be sure to enter authentic taverns. The waiters do not usher in passerbys, so it is up to you to go on in. The menus are not on display and in the local joints, the menus are generally only in Greek and English. If dogs and cats are hanging around the taverna, it's a good sign- touristy restaurants tend to shoo them away.


#Transportation
If possible, explore the island with a rental car. Some hotels have a representative of a car rental company. If you have taken a local vehicle, carefully check the vehicle thoroughly and make sure that it has full and valid insurance that covers any damage to property or God forbid body injury.


#Tips
A good tip in restaurants and cafes in Greece is 1-3 euros. Before the economic crisis, 20% were given as a tip, but today the tips have dropped significantly. Another option is to leave a restaurant at 10% service charge on a low account or 5% at a high expense. You do not need to tip taxi drivers.


#Greece Country Code
+30


#Electric Outlets
The possible plugs are Type F and C (see link below with photos and details).


A taste of the upcoming trip? - Here's a video that will show you the island in all its beauty:

https://youtu.be/8iktgpgaYy4


Local Music:

https://youtu.be/934Befj4aD8


Aerial view:

https://youtu.be/18sYgM3OExg


A Bit From the Local Kitchen:

https://youtu.be/vjLl5jdb2Do
Samaria
Samaria
#About Crete's Deep Canyon

Samaria is a narrow, deep canyon that attracts hundreds of thousands of visitors every year. The canyon, located at the southwest area of the island, is a particularly impressive national park, considered one of the most beautiful in Europe.

There are a number of trails at different levels of difficulty. Generally, the duration of walking in the canyon is about 6 hours on average. The ground is rocky, and in spring and fall there are beautiful flowers and walking here is great fun.

Incidentally, the Greeks claim that the canyon is the deepest in Europe. This is a debate, of course, as well as the claim that the 16-kilometer canyon makes it the longest canyon in Europe.

The channel begins in the White Mountain region, at the edge of the Umlus Plateau. The walk for the first 6 kilometers is in a wide channel, followed by the abandoned village of Samaria. From there the narrow section of the canyon begins. Here follows a section that separates only 3.5 meters between the cliffs that rise to a height of 300 meters. After a long walk in the canyon one arrives at the Iron Gates, a place where there are no gates and no locks, making it difficult to understand where the name originated… From this point, the canyon opens up to a wide valley where the remains of the ancient village Agia Roumeli and the beach are located. The trail ends after an additional two kilometers.



#Tips

Get an early start in the morning to complete the route. Later, the canyon gets crowded.

Those who do not arrive on an organized trip must travel to Umlus, an hours drive, a bus is available three times a day from Chania.

Do not forget to take good walking shoes, water, a sleeping bag, a hat, and food. Some also need warm clothes.

The mountains are covered with thick snow from November to May.

The trip to the canyon is permitted during the months of May to October, though it is chiefly recommended during the spring months - it can get quite crowded in the summer. The bonus is a wonderful flowering of wildflowers.

By the way, during the spring for floods- these can cause sudden danger in the canyons in Crete.

Sleeping in the canyon is forbidden.



A Trip in the Canyon:

https://youtu.be/eoOJcg60cl4



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/e6EmdG7TaiU



Another Look:

https://youtu.be/j36l7ybliBw
Malia
Malia
#About the Youthful Town

This town is a popular spot for young adults. There is a lively nightlife with cute bars, dancing and great beaches. Just east of Heraklion, Malia is fifteen minutes away from the Crete airport by car. It has become the capital for young people in recent years.

Most of these teens hail from Europe and America in tens of thousands and fill the streets and beaches here, at all hours of the day and night. The golden beaches and charming hotels make the town a paradise for the young vacationers of the island of Crete and a few adults, if any, come to visit.

The bars and clubs here are open until morning, and from there the teens go straight to Malia's beautiful clean beaches, another day of lounging, swimming, and entertainment.



#Tips
Sleep accommodations in the town are relatively cheap, especially the hotels lining the main road.



A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/VC9UQ005jhk



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/asoIdyNsW9Q



The Famous Pool Party:

https://youtu.be/SWc5a1Li_E0



The Clubs:

https://youtu.be/_SuDquBf9PU
Anogia
Anogia
#About the Town of Anogia

It is always true that the less touristy and visited places are the ones where one can see the most culture and feel the local atmosphere. It is worth it to visit Anogia, the town of weavers. Beyond the typical look, narrow alleyways and white houses with blue doorways, the town of Anogia is a traditional center for colorful weaving, which is offered for sale at almost every home.

In this town you will be able to see weaving, tailors and artists creating carpets and fabrics which are completely authentic to the town. At almost every corner there is a weaving workshop, with a bent over weaver that will happily show you their work, all hand made.

More than cloths and the weaving, Anogia is a great place to escape the summer heat and find some cool places to hide from the Greek summer. The old Greece was somehow managed to maintain here. If you sit at a taverna or at a cafe, you will immediately understand what we mean.

As with many towns on the island, in Greece and across the globe, in this traditional town many of the young people have left. There are almost no young families and most of Anogia's residents are older citizens. Among these, the men are often dressed in traditional clothes and can be found in the town's squares, usually shaded under various trees like plum, fig or strawberry trees.



#Anogia's Trauma

Anogia today looks quiet and serene, so much so it is hard to believe that the residents here have endured suffering and evil, or cruelty of an occupying army. But once, in the past, this town was the center of a particularly cruel attack, that left deep marks. This cruelty was unusual even in terms of history and occupiers of Crete.

This happened during World War II, when a large majority of the town's youth helped British intelligence with information and espionage, against the Germany army that conquered the island.

The Nazis, when the cooperation with this group of locals with the British was exposed, responded in a mean and evil manner. The German soldiers burned the streets and killed at gunpoint all the men of the town. This is how the town was left burnt, with widows and father-less children.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/oSj3i1u9xx4



Country Side Wedding:

https://youtu.be/5QqBuvkJ6yg



Anogia Celebration and Music:

https://youtu.be/kXDixl0ZW74

Crete

Agios Pavlos
Agios Pavlos
#About the Small Village with Amazing View to the Sea

On the southern side of Crete is Agios Pavlos, a traditional village with spectacular panoramic views of the Gulf of Márra.

The village, which is located on the beach, has huge sand dunes and many people enjoy spending time playing in the sand and running down from the top of the dunes to the sea. It is a delight for children and parents with a young spirit. This is a great attraction in addition to the excellent beach itself.



A Closer Look at the Village and Beach of Agios Pavlos:

https://youtu.be/uq2VcjwbVAw


The View and Beach from the Village:

https://youtu.be/7IvzxNDxFps


A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/l-dGGPPmUds
Agios Nikolaos
Agios Nikolaos
#About the Quiet Town with a Lake and Easy Going Attractions

Agios Nikolaos is located a few kilometers East from the capital of Heraklion, however before the 1960's, the town was barely heard of, especially outside of Crete. In the 1960's it was discovered by someone we all know, who made the town the super brand it is today. This was someone who drew and produced...the legendary Walt Disney. He fell in love with this little town, and following his lead many cinematographers floated here, who made this town trendy and hip. Later on came the fans, and Agios Nikolaos became the popular vacation town today - a beautiful beach town of the eastern coastline of the Island of Crete.

Successful but modest. This is a calm vacation spot, like the lake that lays here, takes its time slowly. This is a freshwater lake, but due to the stench of its stagnant waters in the 19th century was connected to the sea in 1867.

It is less necessary to talk about nightlife in Agios Nikolaos. Better to talk about the evening life. The evenings are usually focused on walking streets adjacent to the port and the beaches, with bars and tavernas on the harbor, endless stores and an atmosphere of freedom and fun.

If Hersonissos and Malia attract the younger and more wild tourists, the nightly entertainment seekers, the alcohol and the hormone-filled clubs, the music and the dancing, Agios Nikolaos is suitable for the older and more relaxed tourist. You will not find noisy parties here into the night, and compared to the noise and hustle and bustle of Hersonissos and Malia, Agios Nikolaos will help you sleep calmly and relaxed. A quiet, relaxed city for older, more relaxed people.



#Beaches

The beaches of Agios Nikolaos are:

Kitroplatia Beach - the main beach near the town center. A well taken care of beach near really great tavernas.

Ammos Beach - the town's south beach, near the marina. Ammos means 'sand' in Greek, named for its great sandy coastline. The beach has sunbathing chairs for rent and nearby restaurants.

Ammoudi Beach - a small beach located in a natural bay and far away from the town's winds. This beach can get crowded, but on a day with strong winds, it is much nicer to swim here, and there are lots of water activities as well.



A Closer Look at Agios Nikolaos:

https://youtu.be/wWVtP9TARlM



An Evening out In Fast-Forwarding:

https://youtu.be/L4tNhDaZJSI



A View From Above:

https://youtu.be/z7uVO8zIS-Y
Ammoudara Beach
Ammoudara Beach
#About Heraklion's Popular Beach

Ammoudara Beach is recommended to those vacationing in Heraklion. Ammoudara, Heraklion's suburb, is a 6-minute drive from the center of Heraklion, and its beach is considered one of the best on the island. Though popular, it is spacious enough due to its large expanse- 7 kilometers.

The sandy beach is located on the western side of Heraklion. Easily reached from the city, though walking by foot is not recommended. The waters are shallow, but sometimes a little wavy. The beach has full services and water sport activities for those interested.

Ammoudara Beach also has high-quality hotels and the atmosphere in the area is very pleasant.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/nJIynhFhijk
Axos
Axos
#About the Small Village with the Glorious Past

The village of Axos is built upon the ruins of a Byzantine city, which is also the home of Aphrodite's Temple. According to Homer, Axos was one of the prominent cities in the chain of major cities of the island of Crete in ancient times.

In fact, the existence of Axos was already mentioned in the Mycenaean period. This city has been mentioned since the beginning of the 13th century BC. According to the historian Herodotus, it reached its peak in prosperity during the 7th - 8th centuries BC.

The archaeological finds and historical artifacts found here in the excavations are no longer in the village itself. They were transferred to the museum in Heraklion.

Today, it resembles a typical village. Today's village of Axos is peaceful and typical to those in the Greek islands. It sports some nice shops and a village bar with lion heads, an enjoyable spot to spend some time before continuing on one's travels.

Axos is about an hour and a half drive from Heraklion and a 10-minute drive from the village of Anogia.



Nightlife in Axos:

https://youtu.be/25Yxc-RCfp4


Chania
Chania
#About the Most Beautiful City in Crete

The city of Chania is considered the crown jewel of Crete and one of the most beautiful cities on the island. It was not for no reason that it was chosen as the set of the film "Zorba the Greek." The city combines elements from Greece, Turkey, Venice and even a little taste of the Middle East. Tiled roofs alongside white domes, Turkish balconies overlooking Mediterranean lanes, a cross and church bells alongside the minarets of the mosques and the crescent.

Chania is located in western Crete, in the most interesting and beautiful part of the island. Dating from the end of the 19th century to 1971, Chania served as the capital of Crete. It was after this that Heraklion took the title. Chania is also the second largest city on the island and many come to enjoy its beauty. This is a popular city where crowds spend the tourist season, but despite the stress, it is pleasant and relaxed.

It is recommended to visit its ancient quarter, located at the Venetian harbor. At the port itself you can see sights such as the Venetian Lighthouse and Firkas Fortress‬. The town has its own Maritime Museum and a successful archaeological museum. If you are interested in weapons, be sure to visit the Venetian weapons warehouses on the ship.

Chania's modern section of the city is an excellent place to take a stroll. There are many pleasant parks to enjoy, a pastoral break from the tour and some family entertainment. The new quarter of the city also has an indoor market, with delicious foods and beverage stalls, and local products such as hand-woven baskets.

Apart from the colorful market in the new part of Chania, the docks at the harbor lend themselves to a romantic night out. If you are in search of a good dinner, you can sit at one of the taverns or choose from the many cafés in the city. Those interested can click on the tag "Must-eat places" and choose where to eat, and enjoy an excellent meal.


#Architecture

The Venetian Chania was built in 1252 on the ruins of the Minoan city of Kydonia. Remains of the Venetian wall from the past still surround the ancient city of Chania.

Over the years it has been fortified by local residents to protect the locals against pirate attacks. This wall has even enhanced the city's charm and beauty.

Many conquerors came and went. Over the centuries, a fascinating mix of Venetian structures were built in the ancient city of Chania, alongside equally impressive Turkish construction. Greek style was not neglected, and the Venetian, Turkish and Greek mix created a mosaic of influences and styles through this special city.

Hints and shadows left from past wars, including those of World War II, were not erased. Chania was often bombed during the war and was badly damaged. Luckily for us, there are enough preserved areas in the city, allowing us to wander the narrow, long streets and see medieval architecture.

Today, Chania's ancient, graceful and crumbling quarter, with its romantic harbor and colorful, slightly shaky houses, is one of the most pleasant and picturesque places on the island of Crete.



#Tips

Many restaurants are located on Chalidon Street in Chania, as well as numerous jewelry stores.



A Closer Look at the City of Chania:

https://youtu.be/Efe6YxVbHXI



Beautiful Chania from Above:

https://youtu.be/kQWMj5YwlzQ
Eleftherios Venizelos
#About the Graves of the Greek leader Venizelos and his Family

Eleftherios Venizelos is a tomb that lays at the edge of the city of Akrotiri, while heading towards the peninsula of the same name. He was one of the leaders of the Cretan uprising in 1897, which led to the expulsion of the Ottoman Turks from the island.

Then, at the beginning of the 20th century, Venizelos, who came from Crete, became prime minister of Greece and one of the most important Greek leaders in history. He remains an important cultural hero to this day on the island of Crete.

As the leader of the Greek nation he was a nationalist and renewed the vision of a "Great Greece." He dreamed and called upon the Greeks to renew the greatness of Byzantium and restore the city to its former glory.

However, he wasn't invested in art, culture, or legal grandeur. His first and foremost concern was reestablishing the "Byzantine Empire," that is, the conquest of territories. Equipped with this belief, he led Greece to annex parts of Bulgaria and Turkey and in retrospect brought about the expulsion of the Greeks from Asia Minor.

The tomb of Venizelos has a magnificent view of the entire town of Chania and the Akrotiri Peninsula.
Elafonisi Beach
#The Nearest Beach to Paradise

With pinkish sand, turquoise, warm and shallow water and the appearance reminiscent of a tropical beach, the inhabitants of Crete see the Elafonisi Beach as one of the island's most beautiful beaches.

The shallow beach with its warm water shaded by trees, is excellent for families with small children. A tiny village lies right beside it, where a small island is also connected by a lagoon. The island, also called Elafonisi has a walk through the lagoon where one can walk through the shallows to reach the island.

Elafonisi has the option of an orderly beach, with all the facilities on its eastern side, or the wild, un-commercial beach. Umbrellas, showers, rescue services, and kiosks on the eastern side are suitable for those who love comfort, while on the western side the adventurers and those who love the quiet and nature will find a pristine and less crowded escape.

The coastline is located at the southwestern tip of the island, about 75 kilometers southwest of the city of Chania, which is consistent with the claim that the better beaches in Crete are actually the less developed beaches in the southern part of the island.



#Tips

If you are interested in a quiet and peaceful beach, come to the beach in the afternoon. Starting at 16:00, the buses collect the many tourists in Elafonisi and you can enjoy a quiet and wonderful atmosphere until sunset.


A Closer Look at the Quiet Side of Elafonisi Beach:

https://youtu.be/dyEc-pHNp3c



The Area with More Tourists:

https://youtu.be/1bKfH6lC1Fs



The Atmosphere:

https://youtu.be/5VdfxODRjv4



With Children

https://youtu.be/2SCgaPcWPXU
Festos
#About the Palace

During the Minoan period, Festos, situated approximately 63 kilometers south of Heraklion, was the city of the second most important palace of Knossos. Festos was destroyed around 1450 BC, along with the other Minoan palaces in Crete.

Festos is located in an impressive hillside with a stunning view of Ida Mountain and the Messara Plain, a plateau with particularly fertile land.

The structure of the palace on the site of the ancient Festos is reminiscent of the palace in Knossos, however unlike the latter, the palace in Festos does not have magnificent frescoes. However, Festos is much more serene than its more popular competitor. A visit to Festos Palace is a more relaxing experience.

Popular attractions here include the pottery house, the maze of ruins, the Minoan courtyard and the theater with terraced stone seats and a huge staircase, a peristylium hall, and a large central courtyard.

Do not look for the Phaistos disk, which has yet to be deciphered. The mysterious disk dating back to 1600 BC, was discovered here during archaeological excavations, and is now on display at the Heraklion Museum of Archeology.


A Closer Look at Festos:

https://youtu.be/FS2x8Y5uPu4


Another Look:

https://youtu.be/jVKt7kK3F4c
Gortis
#About the Roman Capital of Crete

The city of Gortín, also known as Gortis, dates back to the Minoan period and reached its peak during the Roman era, as the capital of the Roman province of Crete and Cyrenaica.

From a small town in the Minoan period, Gortis developed into an important city of Crete. It was so up to the Roman era when it became a member of the Roman Empire and one of the richest cities in Crete and served as the capital of the Roman province on the island. It all ended in the 8th century AD, when it was plundered and destroyed completely, by Arab invaders.

Today it is an archeological site recommended for archeology and history buffs, but less picturesque than the more popular Knossos. Gortis is located in the Mesara Valley, south of Heraklion.

You can learn about the great history of the city of Gortis from the great relics found here. Post-Minoan fortifications, through Agora, Acropolis and the remains of temples to Athena and Apollo. There are dozens of fallen Roman columns alongside ruins of a Byzantine basilica.



#Sights to See in Gortis

There are many interesting ruins in Gortis. Here is a compiled list to look out for:

The Odeon inscribed with the laws of Gortin - the inscriptions of the famous Gortin laws date back to the 5th century BC, which Plato spoke of with admiration. They were written in ancient dialects and related to criminal law and marital law.

Pythian - the Egyptian idol mosque of Apollo.

The 2nd century AD Paratorium - the Roman Commissioner's residence in the province.

Nymphaeon - a worship site for nymphs from the 2nd century AD.

No less interesting are the remains of a 16th-century farmhouse, one of the oldest preserved houses.



A Closer Look at Grotis:

https://youtu.be/jgjX4u0RDoQ
Heraklion
#About Crete's Capital

Heraklion, Crete's capital, is a modern, bustling city. It's not as interesting or beautiful as Chania or Rethymno. Some even deem it ugly. However, it is still worth a visit for two reasons. The ancient quarter surrounded by a wall built during the Venetian rule of the island is a sight worth experiencing.

The second attraction of the city is the impressive archeological museum, where important artifacts of the Minoan civilization - the ancient culture which ruled the island for about 1,200 years - are presented. Most of the artifacts in the museum were brought from the excavations of Knossos, an ancient Minoan city, 5 kilometers away from Heraklion.

This is one of the largest cities in all of Greece. The nightlife is superb. Many tourists come to Heraklion and access the rest of Crete by renting a car and reaching other accommodation and the rest of the sites.



A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/Io0cAqZiR1g
Hersonissos
#The Town that Became a Hotel Powerhouse

Hersonissos is a tourist town with a pleasant sandy beach and plenty of entertainment for tourists. Hersonissos does not have the authenticity of Crete, but it has become a magnet for the tourism with deals. There are hundreds of hotels and a large variety of taverns and bars, as well as all kinds of luxuries and pleasures for tourists, from marine sports during the day to vibrant nightlife.

It is an international tourist city that developed from a small village. It eventually grew into one of the leading tourist destinations on the island of Crete. There are countless activities happening around the clock.

No wonder most of the package deals to Crete include Hersonissos hotels. It is easy to reach from the island's airport and offers activities for adults and children, including water sports, boat rentals and more.


#Authenticity in Hersonissos

For people in search of a getaway from the modern atmosphere, not to mention the commercialized Greece, this is an opportunity to visit the smaller and more authentic little villages: Piskopiano, Koutouloufari and Hersonissos.



#Tips

The nightlife entertainment for young people is concentrated iin the port area, with many of the places here open until morning.

Many of the young people travel to the excellent clubs of Malia, the nightlife capital of the area.



A Closer Look at Hersonissos:

https://youtu.be/9taja2WLeMU



Experiencing the Hotel:

https://youtu.be/3IX-jMfugMM
Heraklion Port
#About the Harbor in Crete's Capital

The capital Heraklion is a vibrant and fun place. For tourists, this is a reminder of the mystical Greece much more than the actual city. There is a Victorian Fortress filled with small stores, fisherman and fishing boats, and the pier is a great place for a walk at night.

For many years the harbor in Heraklion has been the center of town for culinary delights. There are a lot of great tavernas grouped here, bars, cafes, and different attractions. From this island, it is possible to sail to the Cyclades Islands and to the Port of Piraeus.

As a favorite place for culinary enthusiasts, there are many great restaurants here. These restaurants specialize in seafood dishes. These are considered the most popular restaurants that can be found in Heraklion.

Heraklion Port is more than enough for the local population. There are also places with souvlaki gyros, and some of the best local baked goods in Greece.



#A Closer Look:
https://youtu.be/aEt0CuOzCXk
Knossos Palace
#About the Famous Palace of the Minoan Civilization

Knossos Palace is a large archaeological site that is located a few kilometers south of Heraklion. It was built in the ancient city of Knossos, generally known as the central city in the Minoan culture of the Bronze Age.

The construction of the palace began about 4,000 years ago, however after approximately 300 years the original palace was destroyed. A much more magnificent palace was built upon its ruins, which was also destroyed around the year 1450 BC. This occurred during a violent earthquake, which hit not only the island of Crete but also the island of Santorini.

Before it was destroyed, this palace covered an area of about two square kilometers. It was developed around the famous legend of the labyrinth built by King Minos. The labyrinth was built to hold the Minotaur - a human being with the head of an ox born to the king's wife. In this labyrinth, the architect Daedalus and his son Icarus were imprisoned and from there the two took off to the sky.



#The Legend of Icarus and Daedalus in the Heavens

One of the most famous legends in Greek mythology took place in this palace. It is the story of Icarus.

According to Greek mythology, Icarus was the only son to Daedalus. He was a reckless, clumsy child, whose father was an artist and an inventor. When King Minos of Crete asked him to build the labyrinth, a maze designed to hide from the world and hold the monstrous Minotaur, the son of Minus's wife, Daedalus did so willingly. He managed to create a labyrinth form which the Minotaur could not escape.

However, once Dedalus finished building the labyrinth, he was surprised when King Minos imprisoned him and Icarus in a tower so that no one would discover the secrets of the labyrinth.

Daedalus and Icarus managed to escape from the tower and decided to flee the island of Crete. But the island was surrounded by ships and guards, so the two decided to make wings of birds' feathers, which were connected by wires of wax.

Before they began to fly, the father warned Icarus not to fly close to the sun, for fear that the hot sun would dissolve his wings. But when they began to fly, the impulsive Icarus was excited by the flight and began to rise up, forgetting his father's warnings. As Daedalus feared, the heat of the sun quickly melted the wax of his wings, and Icarus fell down from the sky, plummeting into the sea to his death.

Since then, the story of Icarus has been a warning sign for people, not to be reckless adventurers who take unnecessary risks, forgetting all precautions.



#The Antiquities of Knossos

Knossos Palace is the most important site of the many remains in Crete. The Minoan civilization developed and flourished on the island of Crete during the Bronze Age, and has remnants worthy of exploration.

Knossos probably served as the political and commercial center of Minoan culture. The antiquities that remain to this day provide an exciting site for the island's visitors.

At the beginning of the last century, the archaeologist Arthur Evans discovered this vast palace. In March 1900, barely a month after he began the excavations, he uncovered the throne hall where Evans then found King Minos' original throne.

Later on during the excavations, the palace, shaped like a complex labyrinth, was discovered, with halls and living rooms alongside warehouses and workshops where former craftsmen, jewelers, and potters, worked in the past.

The walls of the palace that Evans discovered were covered with paintings depicting life in Crete during the Late Bronze Age. These impressive frescoes, like most of the important artifacts discovered here at Knossos, were transferred to the Archaeological Museum in Heraklion, which contains the world's largest collection of Minoan art.

Apart from exciting and important archaeological discoveries, Evans did something else for which he was less appreciated. He began to reconstruct the palace and created a great deal of controversy over this activity. With great creativity and imagination, he literally rebuilt many parts of the palace. The construction was done with concrete, which is now considered a serious alteration to the findings.

In addition, Evans brought painters artists who "renovated" the frescoes discovered on the walls of the palace. In so doing, it made the place much more impressive and colorful but significantly damaged its authenticity.

It is important to note that renewal of the painting is not a reconstruction of it, at least not according to today's accepted standards. There are also some scholars who claim that some of the renewed paintings were not accurate in the original subjects that were painted on the wall.




#Tips

The palace can be reached by bus departing from Heraklion every 15 minutes.



A Closer Look at Knossos Palace:

https://youtu.be/I6JJdzsE3_A


The Original Structure:

https://youtu.be/4XJd88cTRsU


Lake Kournas
#About the Lake in the Valley

Halfway between Rethymno and Chania, a few kilometers from the town of Georgioupolis, lies Lake Kournas, known as the Hidden Lake. It is a small lake, with clear, sweet water enclosed by hills and the high mountains.

This picturesque lake is a perfect place for a picnic and one of the most pastoral in the island. On its shore are some successful taverns with local food and ducks that can even be fed. It is the only lake in Crete surrounded by mountains.

It is a relatively isolated, hidden lake, located 60 kilometers from the city of Rethymno in a closed valley. This is a great place to spend a few hours of rest, swimming, sailing and good Greek food.

The entertainment here is reminiscent of the past. One can take a swim in the clear water, sunbathe or take an hour's walk around the lake. If you like, you can rent a pedal boat and go sailing on the lake.



A Closer Look at Lake Kournas:

https://youtu.be/1Jo5fv-CxRU



An Aerial View:

https://youtu.be/_HpS0gHL51U


A Family Video:

https://youtu.be/Gi7g512URDI
Lefka Ori
#About Crete's White Mountains

Lefka Ori, meaning "white mountains," are a mountain range with 50 peaks whose height is over 2,000 meters. The tallest peak in this mountain range reaches 2,453 meters.

The mountain tops are snow covered during the winter, while during the spring and summer month many visitors come here for a popular 4 day trek, that ends with a walk through the Samarian Gorge on the way to the ocean. While climbing the "white mountains," as they are called in Greek, you will encounter villages of shepherds, mountain views and wooded landscapes.

The mountain range is the tallest in Crete, and is located in the easatern region of Chania, between the Samarian and Imbros Channels. The Lefka Ori is nicknamed "Crete's terrace." At their highest, the peaks reach over 2,400 meters. This is a hot area, wild and devoid of humans, that in winter is covered in a layer of snow, adding to the silence of the region.

The mountain's history is important. Here rebels fled to and hid during a rebellion against the Ottoman Empire, hiding in caves and gullies in the mountains, while the Turkish soldiers pillaged and raided the villages bellow. That was not the first time these caves were used as a hiding place for the people of Crete, who have been occupied by many nations in its history. In the past locals hid here from the Venetians, who ruled the island in the 16th century. During the 20th century locals hid here again from the Nazi occupiers controlled the island during World War II.


#Tips

In the town and village you can arrange jeep trips around the mountains and hikes as well.

Hiking lovers can join hikes that are about a week long, a hike that leaves Chania in the North and crosses the white mountains until the Southern city of Sfakia.



A Closer Look at Lefka Ori:

https://youtu.be/_CIAuxKTKm8



How the Mountains Look in Winter:

https://youtu.be/3CKLDgs5c_c
Lasithi Plateau
#About Crete's agricultural and magical landscape

Lasithi Plateau, or the Lasithi Valley, is a beautiful region and one of the top tourist destinations for visitors. This plateau is famous for its dozens of windmills that are spread around. These are water pumps with wings, which granted the valley its name and ruins of more than 10,000 mills that were used for watering the fields.

Lasithi is an incredibly fertile green agricultural valley, with a carpet of densely cultivated fields. The real beauty happens in spring, when the flower rugs cover the valley and surround the snowy peaks of the high Dikti Mountains.

At the Dikti Mountains around the valley there are historical sites, like the Dikti cave, where according to Greek mythology, Zeus was born.

The Plateau has a few towns that have maintained their traditional lifestyles more or less. Some have ancient treasures, such as the village of Kera, which has a church from the Byzantine period, covered in frescoes from the 11th century.

The area is known for its Venetian windmills that have survived since the 15th century. Today only a few remain, maintain their classical look, with wings and white clothes that remind visitors of the romantic past.

These mills were used to pump water from under the ground, to water the fields and to grind wheat.

Every season here has its own charm. During fall the trees crouch from the burden of apples and ripe pears. During the spectacular spring bloom, the fields are green and full of blossoms.



A Closer Look at the Lasithi Plateau:

https://youtu.be/JUwpNZXY3Rg
Margarites
#About the Village of Potters

The village of Margarites is known in Crete as "the village of the potters." This is because Margarites is known as the island's capital of potters. It seems that here you can see through every window the variety of pottery items offered in the village for sale.

In addition to residential buildings, most of the houses in the village, which is located between Heraklion and Rethymno, are used as workshops for ceramics. Potters and artists create with their own hands and in the best of ancient tradition, a variety of jugs, crockery, ornaments and other clay and ceramic pottery.

At Margarites you can look at the working craftsmen and purchase tools, decorative products and clay objects they offer for sale. This is the place and opportunity to buy some souvenirs and gifts home.



#Tips

The tools and artifacts at the entrance to the village tend to be too expensive and touristy. It is worth trying to get a little more inside, into the village, where you will find more authentic ceramics at reasonable prices.



A Closer Look at Margarites :

https://youtu.be/C-KyOO-ErqE



A Woman Potter form the Town:

https://youtu.be/Aop32JxdTQs
Matala Beach
Plakias
Moni Arkadiou
Preveli
Rethymno


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.