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London
London
#About the city of London
The capital city London is a mega city - a huge city that is one of the largest in the world. It covers 1,000 square kilometers and has 8.5 million residents.

In London, the best of Western culture was created. Great monarchic figures, from Henry VIII, through Queen Victoria, Elizabeth I and Elizabeth II. From here, warlords and legendary leaders from Wellington to Churchill determined and shaped the world we live in today. The greatest playwright in the history of the world theater, also worked, created, and directed groups of actors in London, William Shakespeare.

Among the somewhat grayish houses of this conservative, traditional city, among its great palaces and gardens, a vibrant young life developed, full of sounds and modern art. This is where the Beatles started the revolution in the world pop. From here Rock 'n Roll regiments were sent from England to invade American soil, where the mini skirt and the bikini swimwear were developed and adopted. Here the punks of the '70's operated, and today some of the most fascinating artists of modern art do their work.

Oh, and London operates the best public television station in the world, BBC, but who wants to watch TV when they are in London?

#UK Country Code
+44

#Savings
For public transportation - Buy an Oyster Card.
Most of the museums here are free. This is not only a huge money saver, but also a wonderful entertainment in this city.
Supermarket - the Asda and Tesco chains are cheap and very available. The first is very economical but not always pampering or luxurious, and the second is a bit more expensive, but still cost effective and offers a large variety of products.
Museums - some of the best museums in London are free and are amazing.
Tickets to musicals - tickets to musicals at cheap prices can be found at the cheap ticket stand in Lester Square.
Wanta wonderful and free view of all of London? Go to the Roof Garden on 120 Fenchurch street, and skip all the expensive viewpoints of the city.

Bus - a great way to get to know London.

Many things in London are free - click on the tag "Free in London" to find out more.

#Communication
Buy a SIM card in one of the kiosks (not at the airport where it is the most expensive). You can buy SIMS for Vodafone and Three at their stores. EE in every kiosk you can buy a SIM with 5 GB for 15 pounds.

#Transportation
From the airport to the city - from Heathrow or Luton you can arrive by train in less than an hour to Kings Cross. From Stansted airport there is a train and metro, or a bus that arrives at the center of London in about an hour or two, depending on traffic. From Gatwick there is an Easybus or private cars.

In the city it is recommended to buy an Oyster card, saves a lot and easy to use in the tube, or regular bus, giving the option to see the city from above. For special rides it is better to get an Uber.

For departures from Luton a half hour train or Easybus is very cheap.



#Accommodation

It is worth to stay at the West End in the center and the Camden area that is cheaper and still central.

#Must See
Want to see the most popular destinations? - Click on the tag "Must see in London".


#With Children
Family Vacation? - Click on the tag "Attractions for children in London".


#Food
Unforgettable meal? - Click on the tag "Must eat in London".


#Tip
In most European countries service fees are already included in the check, so it is customary to give a 2 euro tip, regardless of the price of the check itself.

#Shopping
Two great shopping spots are Oxford Street and the Westfield London - the largest mall in Western Europe, which has the quantity and variety parallel to those of Oxford Street.

Want the best places to shop in London? Click on the tag "Shopping in London".

#Entertainment

Want events happening now? In the link below.

For entertainment places in the city click on the tag "Entertainment in London".


#Electric Outlets
The required type of plug is only Type G.


A taste of the upcoming trip? - Here's a video that will show you the city in all its beauty:
https://youtu.be/X8zLJlU_-60


And one more:
https://youtu.be/-VkL-5CNw9A


Some of the Local street food:

https://youtu.be/yoSbZIe4JnI
Crystal Palace
Crystal Palace
#The Crystal Palace Before the Fire

The palace was first built in Hyde Park in 1851. Originally, it was a huge exhibition hall, in honor of the first international exhibition for industrial products, which was held in London. The main objective of the exhibition was combining industry and art. The palace, reminiscent of a small glasshouse, was designed by Joseph Paxton, who was an architect and gardener, with expertise in designing deprived greenhouses. It was made of cast iron and glass, steel and wood – materials that were considered the best of Victorian technology. At the time, however, the palace was not treated favorably by the architects, and it received nicknames such as "glass monster" or "glass soap bubble".

The building was within the speedy time record of 9 months. It was designed in such a way that it could be dismantled and reassembled when needed. The palace symbolized the change in the Western world and the development of the industrial age. In this palace, for the first time, one of the most familiar patents was exposed: the toilet with the dishwasher.

The "Crystal Palace" owes its name to a satirical magazine "Punch." At the conclusion of the world-wide exhibition, the palace was dismantled and rebuilt in a suburb in the southeast of the city. With the burning of the palace in 1936, Churchill noted that "this is the end of an era."
Highgate Cemetery
Highgate Cemetery
#About the Cemetery

Highgate Cemetery opened in 1839. Over the years it became one of London's most famous burial sites. The grounds are built on the expanse of 150,000 square meters, where well-known personalities from the British capital, as well as ordinary residents of the city are buried. The cemetery was designed by the architect Stephen Geary. It is in this cemetery where revolutionaries like Karl Marx, scientists (like Michael Faraday), creators (like Mary Ann Evans), anarchists and communists, Parliament members, military officers and capitalists finally meet.

The municipality of London faced issues at the beginning of the 19th century. The churches at that time did not meet the burden of the dead and the Parliament legally allowed the establishment of private cemeteries. That was the basis for opening Highgate.

The architect who designed the cemetery was Stephen Geary. Over the years, buildings were built on the grounds, elaborate tombstones were erected, some of them large neo-Gothic style. These reflect the social and political history of Victorian London, London of the 19th century. The cemetery is full of trees, shrubs and flowers, growing almost without human contact. Many animals can be found here - butterflies and birds, hedgehogs, bats and foxes.

A hill at the height on 114 meters stands on the compound. Tombs, catacombs, burial estates and passageways were excavated and built into the ground. Of the famous structures on the hill is the Egyptian avenue – a passage inside the hill lined by burial chambers. This is designed in an Egyptian style inspired by the Valley of Kings near Luxor. Another structure is the Lebanon Circle – an avenue dug into the ground around an ancient Lebanese cedar tree with burial chambers in its walls.

Since its establishment, the cemetery has been managed by the London Cemetery Company. However, as the demand for burial declines, it became neglected due to a lack of funding. Since 1981, the cemetery has been managed by the Friends of Highgate Cemetery Trust, which rehabilitates and renovates the area.



#The Dark Side of the Cemetery

Located in northern London, the Highgate Cemetery, founded in 1839, is the final resting place of over 170,000 people, including some well-known figures of our time.

Despite the pastoral green that surround the grounds, many people report graves surrounded by ghosts, supernatural powers, dark sounds and other strange activities that take place while they are in the cemetery.
One famous story is that of the vampire of the cemetery. This vampire is not from children stories but rather a phantom at a height of over two meters. He wears a long black robe and has penetrating red eyes. Legend has it that the vampire has been observed several dozen times in the cemetery since the 1960s.

According to rumors, the vampire was actually a nobleman who lived during the Middle Ages in Romania. His body was transferred to England sometime in the 18th century and he was buried in the grounds of the Highgate Cemetery. It was here that he dwelled for several decades until "resurrected" by a satanic sect that operated throughout the cemetery. Disturbingly, several bodies of foxes and other dead animals were found in the cemetery. Of course this can be dismissed by a notion that it is "nonsense", but the stories also spark fear in people who then go seeking out the vampire wandering among the graves. You can choose which response you prefer…



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8CEZJAvNQdM
The Sherlock Holmes Museum
The Sherlock Holmes Museum
#About the Museum

We know the question on your mind: How can an entire museum be dedicated to a fictional character? In London, everything is possible. The Victorian house standing before you is devoted entirely to the legendary Sherlock Holmes detective, from the book written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. One can understand how significant and popular this series of books is to this day.

This is a particularly popular private museum located on Baker Street in London, the street where the detective resides in the stories. Built in 1815, the building served as a hostel before it became a museum. The museum opened to the public in 1990 by the Sherlock Holmes International Association (a non-profit organization). The atmosphere and even the attire of the employees are reminiscent of the Victorian era.

The museum displays a "reconstruction" of Holmes' personal effects and history - a violin, pipes, letters, rooms and wax figures - all according to what is described in the well-known book.
A souvenir shop is located on the ground floor. The living quarters of the fictional detective is on the second floor, where you will also find Dr. Watson's room (this is the back room where you will find medical books and a diary in which he has written notes according to the plot of the book).

In Watson's room there is an actor who plays Dr. Watson, and you can have a short conversation with him if you like. At the front of the house you can enter Mrs. Hudson's room. On the wall of Holmes's room there are shooting holes (shot by Holmes) that strike the initials of Queen Victoria's name. You can sit in the big armchair in front of the fireplace, take a look at Holmes's collection of magnifying glasses and pipes and impressive hat collection. On the third floor you will find a museum with wax dolls of the characters.

One must admit it's pretty nice for a visit in a fictional man's home!



#A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YKKkXP0CuI0

England

Apsley House
Apsley House
#About the House

In the south-central corner of Hyde Park you will discover the magnificent Apsley House, designed in the 18th century by architect Robert Adam. The house is also called the Wellington Museum.

One of the most famous tenants living in this house was the Duke of Wellington, who lived here between 1817 and 1834. Wellington was a commander in the Battle of Waterloo and defeated Napoleon. He later served as prime minister and his descendants continue to live in the house to this day.

The rooms open to visitors have expensive artwork, sculptures, furniture, silverware, porcelain and personal belongings. In total there are more than 200 works of art from the collection of the Duke.



#On Display at Apsley

The first Duke of Wellington held the finest collection of art and furniture, probably unparalleled. He did not have to pay for it either! After the Duke's victory over Napoleon at Waterloo, thankful nations and private citizens gave him many gifts of thanks, including excellent services and large sums of money.

Here you can also see 200 paintings from the Royal Collection of the Kings of Spain, which Wellington received from Joseph Bonaparte after the Battle of Vittoria in 1813. After King Ferdinand VII was restored to his position as King, he asked Wallington to keep the paintings as a souvenir. The Duke, in his wisdom, agreed. Among these paintings you will also see works by Goya, Velazquez, Caravaggio and Rubens.

A large statue of Napoleon adorns the entrance to Apsley House, displayed like a Greek athlete, sculpted by Antonio Canova. The statue stands at the foot of the large staircase, because it is the only place in the house that is strong enough to hold the weight of the great statue. However, it was still necessary to strengthen the floor to supports its weight. Wellington's sword from Waterloo is displayed in the china room, along with the sword of his great enemy, Napoleon.



#Visiting the House

The house is divided into 3 levels, with an entrance hall, a museum, small and large dining rooms, and a living room on the ground floor. The museum was opened during Wellington’s lifetime and features a magnificent display of fine porcelain, gold and silver objects given to the duke by European leaders after his victory at Waterloo. The dining rooms are preserved exactly as Wellington had planned them. They are designed exactly as he left them for his annual banquet on the anniversary of Waterloo. These dinners connected the soldiers who fought in the battle.

In the basement there is an exhibition of military souvenirs, including the story of Napoleon's death and the medals awarded to Wellington by heads of state as gratitude from across Europe. On the first floor there are several other drawing rooms with selected works of art.
Chindit Memorial
Chindit Memorial
#About the Memorial

The British military and the countries which aided Britain in World Wars are commemorated in the park on the banks of the Thames. The memorial also commemorates Orde Wingate, who was an officer in the British army and specialized in small guerrilla warfare. Wingate, known in Israel as a "comrade," became a "zealous Zionist" during his service in the State of Israel.

Wingate is known to have founded the "Night Squads," composed of people from the Jewish community and members of the Haganah. They prevented attacks on the Yishuv and thwarted them. During World War II Wingate served in Africa and Asia and was killed in a plane crash in India. Various places in the Land of Israel are named after Wingate, the most famous of which is the Wingate Institute.
Soho
Soho
#About the Neighborhood

In the heart of London lies one of London's most famous neighborhoods - Soho.

This area was only a small village outside of London until the 16th century. It was only partly inhabited, and consisted mostly of fields and a few rural houses. The occupants of Westminster Palace used the area as a hunting ground for English hunters. At the end of the 17th century, following the great fire that struck London in 1666, settlers began to arrive. Somewhere around the middle of the 18th century, various immigrants (including French) and Bohemians began arriving, creating a center of entertainment and nightlife in what is known now as Soho.

There are many clubs, cocktail bars and pubs in Soho, some of which belong to the LGBTQ community. In addition there is also a concentration of theaters where musicals, plays and performances are opened.

Another place worth visiting is Chinatown. Almost all major cities in the world have an area where the Chinese community is concentrated. Here too, the area is full of Chinese restaurants and shops, rice, noodles, soups and more.



#Detective mission

Look again at the buildings around the neighborhood, some of which have statues of human noses created by sculptor Rick Buckley. Legend has it that whoever finds all seven will receive wealth forever and ever. Would you like to be rich? - Go on, start the search!



#The Cholera Disease

The severe outbreak of the cholera epidemic in Broad Street took place in the Soho district of London in 1854. Residents in the houses who lived near a well and received drinking water were severely ill, and those who didn’t drink from it were almost completely unaffected.

John Snow was the doctor who took control of the epidemic. He managed to locate and lock the filthy well. He conducted a comprehensive study in which he examined the residence of patients. Using a map showing the deaths and their distance from the well, he was able to convince the authorities that the disease was being transmitted by polluted water. With the locking of the well, the epidemic also ceased to spread. 616 people were killed by the cholera epidemic.

This discovery influenced public health and the establishment of improved sanitation facilities beginning in the 19th century. Later on, thanks to Snow, the term "pollution source" will be used to describe places such as the Broad Street pump, which has certain conditions for transmitting pollution.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jPcpg3VxAQE
Oxford Circus
Oxford Circus
#About the Circus

Oxford Square, located at the intersection of Regent and Oxford Roads, is located in the City of Westminster. At this important transport junction you will find many bus lines, above the ground. Below it is Oxford Station, which belongs to the London Underground. Around the square are many brand stores.

In 2009, the municipality renovated the square and erected pedestrian crossings, so that it could be crossed diagonally and not only in the customary straight manner. The total cost of the renovation was $5.6 million.



A Closer Look:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Aw-6OSCnHA0


Covent Garden
Covent Garden
#About Covent Garden

Covent Garden was the first shopping and entertainment square built in London, and one of the most charming places in town.

Covent Garden is one of the most recognized and popular areas in London. One of the most prominent features of the area is the theater and street performances which take place. Despite the modern shops and cafes that are located in every corner, there is still a clear sense of what London was like 100 or 150 years ago. Street shows and rose sellers were popular then as well. It is no coincidence that the best and most successful street performances in the city are concentrated here. The actors in the compound undergo auditions and only the best are accepted.

After seeing the colorful street performances of the complex, you can look at the square of the seven dials (the whole area is called "the seven dials" - not only the square itself, but also the seven streets emerging from it). In the past, this area was very poor and in fact was one of the inferior areas of London riddled with crime. At that time, seven families could live in one building without electricity or running water. Today there are prestigious boutiques, excellent coffee shops and restaurants. However at that time, these stores sold second-hand items in completely worn condition.

Also, note the Royal Opera House located in the area. Next to it you will see four red telephone booths and a gorgeous dancer statue - a perfect picture for your next Instagram!



#History

In 1728, John Rich, an actor and theater director, commissioned The Beggar's' Opera. The Opera had three acts, and is the only example of this specific genre- a satirical ballad opera.
This genre has remained popular to this day. New lyrics were fitted to popular ballad tunes, known arias of the time, church hymns and folk songs.

The success of the project provided the capital sum enabling the establishment of the first Royal Theater which opened on December 7, 1732. During its first 100 years, the theater was used mainly for plays. Covent Garden, along with the Drury Lane Theater, were the only theaters to own exclusive rights to a drama show in London.

Handel’s operas were the first serious musical creations played at Covent Garden. From 1735 to 1759, these works maintained opera seasons regularly. Handel’s organ was bequeathed to John Rich, the same actor and theater director mentioned earlier. The organ was then placed in a prominent spot on the stage at Covent Garden. However, as a result of a fire in 1808, the organ was destroyed among many other valuable items in the theater.



A Closer Look at Covent Garden:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Is1-okwCOKg&t=63s


Bloggers:

https://youtu.be/oM2xfutqC8g
Speakers' Corner
#About Hyde Park's Speakers' Corner

Hyde Park is famous partly because of Speakers' Corner, where many people gather and conduct public debates to this day.

It's not just a street parliament. At the "Speakers' Corner" everyone can stand on a stool and speak at will. People who are present or arrive especially at the park gather around the speakers and listen to them. There are those who make remarks to the speakers, interrupt or protest against their opinions. Others just giggle or remain fascinated ... it is democracy at its best.

These are not just hipsters or enthusiastic young people. Some are elderly folk looking to "educate", others opinionated students, Christians and Muslims who explain how their religion is better than other, and many political opinions.

Some of the speakers here are particularly intelligent. People like Karl Marx, Vladimir Lenin and George Orwell, all legendary in their respective fields spoke here in the past. In contrast, some of the speakers who come today may simply poke fun or provoke arguments and ridicule...

The practice of the speeches has been partially preserved to this day, and every Sunday you can hear various speakers addressing political and economic topics, just to name a few.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/5G0v6NjsqZo

https://youtu.be/qiYVUdFoJSI
Richmond Park
#About the London Area Park

Richmond Park is the largest of London's royal parks. In addition, it gives the other parks a run for their money, mainly because it offers a real sense of nature, feeling more like a field trip than a well-planned park.

The total area of the park is 9.5 square kilometers, and is acknowledged as an official nature reserve. The diverse vegetation includes hundreds of types of trees, flowers, mushrooms and shrubs, and the animals in the park include deer, squirrels, foxes and gazelles. A duel between the red deer over the females is quite a magnificent sight that occurs in the fall. The birds are not to be missed, as they create pleasant sounds adding to the idyllic atmosphere.

The park was originally built for King Charles I, who used it
for hunting sport. In the past, the park was surrounded by a
16-kilometer long wall. Some of its remnants remain to be seen to this day. The British locals engage in various activities inside the park: fishing, playing rugby, boating or pedaling around the park.



#Theater in the Park

The classic historical drama "Anne of the Thousand Days", released in 1969, gives a glimpse into the 16th-century Richmond Park. It is a special film shot at Richmond Park, and it somehow reflects the dramatic history that took place in England.

The film tells the love story between King Henry VIII and his short marriage to Anne Boleyn. Because the film accurately describes the events that took place, it was only natural to film it in Richmond Park. The park was one of the king's favorite hunting spots. He and his wife Anne Boleyn spent their honeymoon not far away, at Hampton Court.

King Henry VIII, who was portrayed in the film by Richard Burton,
was obsessed with a male heir. But his wife, Anne Boleyn, was unable to have a son, so she remained a queen less than three years before being executed, to make way for another woman. Anne Boleyn was played in the film by the actress Genevieve Bujold. The film won four Golden Globes and one Oscar.



#Deer in Richmond Park

The deer played a major role in the history of the park and are an inseparable part of the landscape here.

Their special habitat depends on pastures and the trees in the park.

Their breeding season is during autumn. At this time, the males compete for the females, with the big males roaring, barking and colliding, trying to fight rival males and attract the females. The newly born babies are hidden by the mothers, because they are very vulnerable at this stage of their lives. The mothers will passionately defend their young.

Deer are wild animals, which means that it is important to maintain a distance of at least 50 meters from them and not stand between two, especially during the turbulent autumn season. It is also important to know that you can't touch, feed or photograph the deer from close range.



A Closer Look at the Park:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QaxcdwxcEaI
Trafalgar Square
#About the Square

London's main square commemorates Britain's victory over France in Trafalgar in 1805. The square is surrounded by interesting roads and buildings; the National Gallery, Canada House, St. Martin's Church and more. In 2003, the northern portion of the road circling the square became a pedestrian crossing.

Nelson Column rises from the center of the square, where the statue of Lord Admiral Horacio Nelson is also raised. Nelson was the commander of the glorious British fleet who won the Battle of Trafalgar. The statue is guarded by four bronze lions. Four large fountains were built there in 1845.

Three sculptures can be found in the square: King George IV,
Henry Havelock and Sir Charles James Napier.

Originally, the fourth sculpture was meant to be a statue of King William IV. However, due to budget problems preventing the completion of the statue, it was never made. Today, the podium is used to show specially commissioned temporary artworks. A chief activity among the visitors is feeding the pigeons in the square. Due to damage inflicted on the sculptures, efforts to prevent feeding the pigeons have been in play since 2003.

The city of Oslo sends a Christmas Tree to the city of London every year since 1947. The tree is then placed at the center of the square during the holidays. This is a token of Norway’s gratitude to Britain for its help during World War II.


#The History of the Square

The square was once part of the royal stables and the lodging of the Whitehall Palace grooms.

In 1820, architect John Nash was hired to plan the square and turn it into a public area. His work was completed by architect Sir Charles in 1845.

The square was named in 1830, for the naval battle in which British naval forces defeated the forces of France and Spain near Cape Trafalgar. The battle thwarted Napoleon's plan to invade Britain and hence its great importance in the history of the kingdom.

One of the leaders in the battle and its victory was Admiral Horatio Nelson, who was killed in these efforts. A Nelson Column was placed in the center of the square in his memory. The height of the column is more than 50 meters tall, atop which a granite statue at an altitude of another 5 meters is erected. In 1867 bronze lions guarding the pillar were added.


#The Trafalgar Battle

The Battle of Trafalgar was a famous naval battle that occurred
on October 2, 1805. It was a battle in which the British Royal Navy,
commanded by Admiral Horacio fought against the French and Spanish navies commanded by Admiral Pierre Villeneuve. It was one of the most famous battles in history.

The battle took place during the reign of French general Napoleon, upon his decision to conquer Britain. By order of Napoleon, the French had assembled a fleet of flat invasion ships and planned to transport the French army to the British island. Nelson and his fleet pursued them through the Channel and along the Atlantic coast. Near Cape Trafalgar in Spain, not far from Gibraltar, Nelson's forces seized and defeated the French fleet.

France suffered a great defeat in Trafalgar and its fleet was
almost completely destroyed by Nelson. In so doing, the English admiral belittled the great victories of the French general Napoleon and shattered his glory. Furthermore, when Admiral Horatio Nelson defeated the Spanish and French naval forces of Napoleon Bonaparte, he ensured British rule for more than 100 years. In the attempt to prevent the invasion, Nelson confirmed Britain’s naval supremacy established during the eighteenth century.

Yet the victorious battle led by Admiral Nelson was also his last. He was killed shortly after signaling the famous message to the Navy under his command: " England expects that every man will do his duty." He struggled to fight for his life for several hours. When the victory of Britain was evident, he took his last breath.

Historically, the results of the battle ensured the naval superiority of England for many years. Nelson, after a series of spectacular victories in large naval battles, became an English hero. The square in London was christened Trafalgar Square to commemorate the victory.

The battle is named after Cape Trafalgar, a cape located northwest of Gibraltar in southwest Spain, where the battle took place.



A Closer Look at the Square:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Do7NiINE9hI
Whitechapel Gallery
#Jack the Ripper's Neighborhood Gallery

The oldest gallery in the Whitechapel neighborhood is in the Art Nouveau building, featuring a variety of temporary exhibitions - both veteran artists and young artists only starting out.

The gallery was designed by Charles Townsend Harrison and opened in 1901 with the aid of public funding. Aside from art and exhibitions, fundraisers, master classes and poetry readings are held here. The exhibitions and events here are of particular interest to the local community.

There is also a café with a pleasant and relaxed atmosphere.



#About the Neighborhood

The gallery is named after the neighborhood where it is located, Whitechapel. The neighborhood is crowded, filled with diverse ethnic groups. There are many residents of Bengal (50% of the population), Irish and Jews. These tenants live in poverty and difficult conditions. One of the familiar stories in this neighborhood is attributed to the years 1888-1891. It is the series of murders committed by Jack the Ripper, a serial killer who was never caught.

Young artists were drawn to the industrial park zone, mainly because they found large spaces to rent at low prices. The artists converted the space to galleries where they exhibited their works.



#An Interesting Story

In 1938, Pablo Picasso's "Guernica" was shown here as part of an exhibition organized by Roland Penrose in protest against the Spanish Civil War. Surprisingly, there was no entrance fee at the door. Instead, visitors were required to hand over boots with some wear left in them, which were sent as a contribution to the regiments of the Republican Army.



A Closer Look at the Gallery:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-cWgUlDRh88
Emirates Stadium
#About the Stadium

During the 1990s, Arsenal, the famous football team, was looking for a bigger stadium than the one it used to train in, with only about 38,000 seats. After thinking about where to go, because the Highbury stadium they used at the time could not be expanded, they chose the industrial site Ashburton Grove, which is about 500 meters from their previous stadium.

The stadium, located in North London, is used by Arsenal FC and opened in July 2006. You can see the 60,000 seats, arranged in three floors of seats under one roof. The upper and lower floors are "regular seats" and the middle floor is considered "special seats". The tickets sold to the seats behind the goalpost are, of course, the most expensive. It is evident by the sheer number of seats that this is the second largest stadium in the Premier League.

Even for a construction as large as this, the price to build it was still pretty steep. Due to budgetary problems Arsenal faced, the construction work was suspended in the middle until they managed to borrow 260 million pounds from various banks. The total cost of building the stadium is about 390 million pounds.

Take a tour of the stadium complex, where you can also see the team's dressing rooms, the players' tunnel, the VIP cells and the Arsenal Museum.

Many of the walls of the Emirates Stadium, including its exterior walls, sport photographs and information about the team and its heroes, as well as statues of star athletes.
Benjamin Franklin House
#About the House

Benjamin Franklin spent 16 years in this house. He was a scientist and inventor, a diplomat and philosopher, and one of the fathers of the American nation.

You will be able to better understand his activities, in the museum dedicated to the fields of history and science. The building was built in 1730 and Franklin lived here between the years 1757-1775.

While living here, Franklin made efforts to settle peace between Britain and the United States and therefore the house served as an embassy of the young nation. He was engaged in investigating the electrical phenomena as well. In fact, it was Franklin who discovered that lightning was actually electrical energy. Among his most important inventions was Franklin stove, an electric stove and, of course, a lightning rod, a simple device that stands on the roof of the house and protects it from lightning.
Today the house serves as a dynamic museum, and there are historical performances that combine games and audiovisual effects. On Mondays there are tours with an emphasis on architecture.
The Cenotaph
#About the Monument

Cenotaph is a central monument dedicated to all the fallen soldiers from British wars. The meaning of the word is "empty grave," composed of two Greek words: Kenos meaning empty, and Taphos meaning grave.
The cenotaph is located opposite the British Foreign Office building on Whitehall Road in London. The monument is made of limestone and was designed by the architect Sir Edwin Lutyens between 1919-1920.

This is the most famous monument among modern monuments of this design. It is composed of horizontal steps that create a diagonal vertical and is mounted on a stage consisting of three steps. On its two narrow walls are engraved wreaths of stone, with the inscription: "The Glorious Dead." The expression was suggested by the famous British author, Rudyard Kipling, whose son was killed in World War I. The two broad sides of the monument are adorned with masts with various cloth flags that are switched every few years.

A memorial ceremony is held on Memorial Day at the foot of the monument every year for the fallen from British wars. The uniformed officers and police are obliged to salute the monument as they pass by.

There is a story that illustrates the importance of the monument to the British. It is of a soldier driving the carriage that led Princess Diana's coffin during her funeral. During the funeral procession, they found on TV cameras that he avoided a salute while driving even to the queen, but just as the carriage passed by the cenotaph he made a point of saluting the monument.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QyGJBRI8B1E
Windsor Castle
#About the Castle

Look around you - you're standing in the largest manned castle in the world. Windsor Castle is one of the main residences of the British Royal family. The castle has been used by the royal family for nearly 1,000 years and they usually spend their time here during Easter and the Royal Ascot Week (the week when horse races are held) and sometimes on weekends.

The castle was originally built for William, King of England, and its purpose was to protect the city of London. However the appearance of the castle was slightly different back then. Most of the current palace was built by King George IV (1820), who added much of its height.

The rooms are open to visitors if you desire a look inside the palace. Make sure not to skip the main attraction of the palace - Queen Mary's dollhouse.



#About Queen Mary's Dollhouse

Even if you are not a puppeteer or a fan of dolls, the dollhouse it still a fascinating site. Queen Mary's dollhouse was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens for Queen Mary, the wife of King George V. The dollhouse was exhibited at the British Empire exhibition (a colonial exhibition that took place in 1924 at Wembley) and was later moved to here, the Castle of Windsor.

The dollhouse is built in a ratio of 12 to 1, which means that the furniture and products that characterize the house are also small in proportion. The most impressive fact is these furniture pieces and appliances were built by the same companies that made them the usual size and all of them are active - the lamps, the electrical appliances and even the water pipes have water.

The dollhouse also has tiny books, including special editions of rare works and the original text. Some artists (including Arthur Conan Doyle and Somerset Maugham) were asked to write stories especially for the dollhouse.



#The Queen Victoria

Victoria was the granddaughter of King George III, who fought against the fathers of the nation during the American War of Independence. Although most of us could only fantasize over such a respectable role, Victoria did not want to inherit the role of Queen and shed many tears when she realized that one day she would ascend the throne.

In 1837, at the age of 18, Victoria was crowned queen. Two years later she received an offer of marriage to her cousin Albert, a German prince of Saxony-Coburg-Gotha. He became her husband and helped her control the kingdom fearlessly during her early years.

The Queen's reign is named after her: "The Victorian period" - it is characterized as a period of industrial revolution, a period in which there were many developments in the fields of society, economy and technology. In was in her time that the British Empire was considered the strongest empire in the world.

After 21 years of marriage, the prince passed away and queen fell into depression. She shut herself up in her castle, dressed in black clothes, for almost 30 years. The Queen insisted that Albert's rooms remain untouched, left as they were when he was alive, including the water brought to him each morning. The royal subjects, who did everything to please her, devised a system of mourning customs that suited her life. It was only at her 50th birthday that she finally set a celebration, at a fancy banquet to which 50 European kings and princes were invited.

The Queen suffered a stroke in 1901 and passed away. After years of dressing in black (due to mourning), she was buried at her request wearing a white dress and her wedding veil. She was buried beside the love of her life, Prince Albert, in Frogmore Garden on the castle grounds.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XrqImeS9NcQ


Som Saa
#Accurate and Exciting Thai Food

Som Saa is a Thai-themed restaurant with fair prices. This is no ordinary Thai food. The dishes here are sharp and wonderful. We recommend a complete deep-fried dish that combines what they call "delicate meat and crispy skin with a fragrant Northern Thai flavor." The palm-sugar ice cream with unsweetened bananas is also "just too good!"

Som Saa is located on Commercial Street 43A.
Ceviche Soho
#A Variety of Ceviche Dishes - Straight from Peru to London

Ceviche Soho is a chic, reasonably priced restaurant, with skewers and great Peruvian cuisine. We strongly recommend the place, especially the its ceviche dished. Among them is the Don ceviche, which contains bass slices with slices of purple onions, pieces of citrus fruit and long thin slices of sweet potato.

There are also skewers, meats on the grill and more. Try the Pisco Sauce alongside it- it is the restaurant's specialty cocktail.
Bao
#Taiwanese Street Food in London
If you don’t have time to stand in line, Bao may be a bit much for you. The long line that snakes around the small booth of Bao, brought about the opening of a restaurant of Taiwanese street food. The dishes the restaurant developed over time features gourmet dishes from the Taiwanese cuisine today, along with its classic street foods.

Strong recommendation for the fried chicken dish, or try Bao's Confi pig.
King's Cross
#About the “Harry Potter” Train Station

The famous train station in the Harry Potter books is situated right in north central London. The station was built by Lewis Cubitt between 1851-1852, in the very same place where a hospital for rubeola patients once stood. At first, the station was opened with platforms 1-8 and later another building was added, with platforms 9-11.

In 1987 a fire broke out in the station, causing the loss of 31 lives. The cause was a lit match on the escalator, as the “trench effect” caused the stairs above to heat up. After an investigation the assessment was that the combination of the heat with the gust of wind between the interchange of trains at the above platforms caused the fire to rise to a temperature of over 600 degrees Celsius, causing the deaths and injury of visitors.



#Harry Potter’s King's Cross

Many know the King's Cross train station as the station from Harry Potter. It is the famous departure point of the Hogwarts Express.

The Harry Potter Shop is found at the Station, designed according to the description of the Ollivanders wand shop, described in the books. The opening hours are every day from 7:30 am to 8 pm.

A beautiful plaque reads Platform 9 ¾ . It was posted in a recent renovation be the city. Beside the sign is a school trolley entering the wall. This trolley obviously hints to the way passengers make their way to the special train to Hogwarts.


#A Detective Mission:

Look for the trolley headed through the wall. Hint: It’s outside the station ...

Couldn't find the cart in the wall? – No worries!
Look at the black line on the floor. This is the Northern line. Go up to the ticket office of Kings Cross. Go up the stairs and turn left. When you see the sign "St. Pancras International" turn right and you will see a ticket machine. Take the stairs beside it until you reach the street. This is Euston Street. Turn right and you will see a red brick wall. Walk alongside the wall until you discover the sign and the trolley with the suitcases stuck in the wall.



#History of the Station

The King's Cross station was planned by Lewis Cubitt in 1852. It was intended to be the point of departure from the British capital to the east coast of Britain. Since 1862, the station has served the "Flying Scotsman", a passenger train connecting London with the Scottish city of Edinburgh in the north of the kingdom. During World War II, King's Cross was hit and badly damaged as a result of the bombing of the German air force. A new passenger hall was added to King's Cross during the 1970's. The front hall was not very beautiful and in-fact hid most of its original and unique front.

However in 2007, in anticipation for hosting the Olympics, the station was expanded and its entrance hall was upgraded and designed beautifully. Note the magnificent modernist structure shaped like an inverted waterfall, designed by architect John McAslan. This structure consists of approximately 2,000 steel triangles that intertwine to create the magic of the station, which until recently was an ugly duckling and has become a charming architectural swan. In addition to renovating the station itself, the site also preserved the original building of the station, the one that was once concealed by the unattractive hall.



A Closer Look at the Station:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7log1qkN330
Red House
Isle of Dogs
Harrods
Shoreditch
Kensington Palace


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.