» «
Barbakan Warszawski
Warsaw Barbican
#About the City Gate Fortification in Warsaw

The Warsaw Barbican (Barbakan) today is used as the new city municipality of Warsaw, and its history goes much further back than that, as it once was used to protect Warsaw of the Middle Ages.

This fort is located in the north of the Old City, in the past it was in front of the city gate, and has remained among the only remains of the historic fortification system that surrounded Warsaw until the beginning of the modern area. In the past there was a Gothic bridge here, and only a few small remains are left, it protected the Barbican.

Years later, long after the protection of the Barbican was used, the Hanging man of the Old City (Stare Miasto) lived here.

When German planes bombarded Warsaw during World War II, the Barbican got damaged but managed to survive. Towards the end of the war, in the Warsaw Uprising, the Barbican was destroyed completely.

Years later, in 1967, the Barbican was rebuilt. Reb bricks were used to build the new Barbican in the Gothic style, that were brought from destroyed houses around Poland. Impressive architects were involved in the reconstruction and used drawings by Bernardo Bellotto for reference, who was the last official Royal painter in Poland. Bellotto's paintings were also the basis for many of the home reconstructions that went on in Warsaw after the war.

In the Barbican are historical displays and souvenir shops. By walking around the grounds of the Barbican, you will find pleasant gardens with a variety of colors and plants. Right in front of the Barbican, not far away, is a cafe with Polish traditional dishes, and a square with street artists.



#What is a Barbican?

Barbican, spelled in Latin Barbecana, is a fortification gate that protects the entrance into a city or fortress. Mostly Barbicans are located in the external bridge of a castle and protect the bridge leading to the gate. This is how it protects from an enemy getting into the gate itself.

Until the 15th-century Barbicans were very popular, but innovations that were made to the fort itself and artillery (such as cannons), significantly decreased the usage of Barbicans. Slowly less and less were built, with the last ones ever built in the 16th century.



#Detective Task:

In the past, the Warsaw Barbican protected a Gothic bridge, today only a small number of ruins remain. Try to find the remains while taking a tour of the Warsaw Barbican.


A Closer Look at the Warsaw Barbican

https://youtu.be/5yuRMqsCZp0



A Look Inside:

https://youtu.be/cWzAfcst8PI



A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/RpMc-wgHm6g
Rumeli Hisar
Rümeli Hüsarü
#About the Fortress that Protected Istanbul

The Rumelian Castle (Rumeli Hisarı) is an impressive fortress on the European side of Istanbul. The ancient fortress was built in the 15th century by Sultan Mehmet "the conqueror," as part of the siege and preparations of the Ottoman army for the conquest of the Byzantine capital of Constantinople, which was built here before.

Today's fort is immersed in a green grove and is a great observation point on the Bosphorus and the city of Istanbul. You can walk on the fortress walls, climb to the towers and look out over the magnificent view from here. In the summer you can listen to concerts of Turkish and classical music in the small amphitheater in the fortress.


# History of the Old Fortress

The fortress was built by the Ottomans in 1452, in just four months. It was built on the orders of Sultan Mehmet Fattah, in preparation for the siege and occupation of the city of Constantinople from Byzantium in 1453. It had a decisive role - military action and psychological and economic, in the Ottoman victory over the Byzantines.

Right in front of the fortress, on the Asian side, you can see Anadolu Hisari, the twin fortress, meaning "closure of the strait." This name indicates the purpose of the main fortresses - to close of the Bosphorus, on behalf of the Ottoman Sultan, to ships that passed through the Bosphorus.

The fortress's military role during the siege was to close the straits, and thereby cut off supplies to the besieged city. On the psychological level, it frightened the Byzantines from the power of the Ottomans and prepared their defeat or future surrender. In the economic sense, the Ottoman tax collected from ships that had passed through the Bosphorus Straits was intended to finance the huge military camp that besieged the city until the Byzantine capital was conquered, with its walls so strong, myth has it that it could not be breached.

The victory and the swift and brutal conquest of Constantinople made it the property of the Ottomans. After that the Sultan, now called "Mehmet the Conqueror," turned the fortress into a prison and army barracks for some of the Ottoman soldiers.


#The Story of the Insane Building of the Fortress

Rumelian Castle, or Rumeli Hisarı, is surrounded by a stone wall, whose thickness reaches 15 meters. In addition to 13 guard towers and another small tower, the wall connects three huge and impressive towers with a variety of living spaces and storage.

Many wonder and ask how it is possible to build such a threatening and impressive fortress within four months. The answer is that Sultan Mehmet used smart tactics here, building competition and exploiting the will to win.

How did it work? - The Sultan imposed on each of his viziers, his senior ministers, to build one of the great towers of the citadel. The fierce competition between them, he knew, would lead them to the madness of building. The story is that he told his viziers that whoever would be responsible for the tower not to be completed on time - his head would be cut off...

And so it was. The struggle for those to finish the construction first, was one of the accelerators of the construction of the Rumeli Hisarı in record time. It enabled the Sultan to subjugate and complete the fortified conquest of Constantinople at great speed. The sophistication and brutality of the Sultan and his advisors made this occupation one of the most salient in military history and the one that would turn the Ottomans into a real empire. He destroyed the Byzantine Empire forever and at the same time brought the Middle Ages to a closer, but more about this another time.



#Tips

Admission is paid, but on Sundays and public holidays the entrance is half priced.

The entrance is located at Yahya Kemal Cad.

For those who are hungry, there are nice restaurants on the waterfront.



#A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/kXfb8lgijWU


#A Visit to the Site:

https://youtu.be/25ymYZGonGI
Castelvecchio
Castelvecchio Museum
#About the Medieval Fortress of Verona

Castelvecchio Castle in the city of Verona is an ancient castle from the 14th century, considered one of the oldest and most recognizable buildings with the city. The fortress was built near the river as part of the defenses of the ancient city. It served as a military fortress in the 18th century, becoming an Austrian military base, and later a base for the Italians.

The fort, called Castelvecchio Museum, is wonderfully beautiful. It is located on the banks of the Adige River and is built of red bricks, which have given it its red color and became its hallmark.

The fortress was founded in 1353 by Cangrande II della Scala, the city's ruler at the time. During World War II it was severely damaged in the bombing. After the war, between 1958 and 1967, it was completely renovated by architect Carlo Scarpa. Today it is a significant part of the city's landscape.

There are 7 magnificent towers in the impressive Castelvecchio Museum, which is surrounded by a wall and contains 4 main buildings. The two main parts of the fortress are connected via a crossing. Above it is a high watchtower, a tower from which the magnificent Ponte Scaligero Bridge crosses the Adige River, on the other side.


#The Museum in the Fortress

The Mastio Tower in the center of the fortress now hosts the museum with works from the Middle Ages, the Renaissance and modern art.

In 1925 the fortress was converted into a museum, and just as can be expected of Italy, you can also see an impressive collection of paintings, sculptures, miniatures and ceramic works from the 12th to the 18th century.

Already in the courtyard of the museum, right at the entrance, you will see the statue of the first Cangrande, one of the Scaligerian princes. The man died in 1329 and his statue standing here presents him, as is customary, as a hero with a raised sword in his hand.

Also prominent is the famous statue of Cangrande II della Scala riding on his horse. The statue was brought to the museum from the Scaligerian cemetery complex.

Inside you will find fascinating and interesting works of art by the best artists of Italy in different periods, from the Middle Ages to the modern era.

It is worth finding the following works:

Holy Family by Andrea Mantegna.

Portrait of a Young Boy Holding a Child's Drawing by Caroto

Crucifixion and Madonna dell'Umiltà by Bellini

Madonna of the Quail by Pisanello

Portrait of a Young Woman by Rubens.

The museum also has beautiful jewelry and a collection of weapons from the Middle Ages.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/hMKOubIBoos


A Tour:

https://youtu.be/jz-Cq0h1LAU?t=1m25s
Tower of David
Tower of David
#About the Citadel

The Tower of David is a medieval fortress near the Jaffa Gate, the historic entrance gate to the Old City. Remains of impressive fortifications from the Second Temple period, dating to the Byzantine period, the Middle Ages and the Ottoman period, were exposed in the fortress.

The most familiar part of the fortress is the one located in its southern part and protruding far away. This is the turret of the mosque from the Ottoman period, which is known as the Tower of David. Despite the name of the fortress named after it, the Tower of David is only a nickname. There is no historical connection between King David and the fortress. Although it has defended the city for thousands of years, King David was only many generations later.

Either way, it is a fascinating archeological site rich in archeological remains. These remains attest to the past full of vicissitudes of the Old City, and can be seen as representative of the history of the city of Jerusalem, its different periods.

By the way, from the citadel towers you can see a magnificent Jerusalem landscape. There is a 360-degree view here, eastward to the Old City of Jerusalem and to the new city in the west.



#Why is the Name a Citadel So Confusing?

If the name of the citadel reflects a connection that does not really exist to King David, then where did the name "Tower of David" come from? - the source of the name is apparently an incorrect Christian interpretation of the writings of Josephus, and perhaps also the Muslim name of the fortress "Marhab Nabi Daoud" - both tied "David" to the fortress, which created confusion or perhaps even a kind of marketing branding ancient place. In any case, during the 19th century, visitors from Western countries attributed the wrong name on the turret of the Turkish mosque.

So much so that this name "caught on" until it seems that many members of the Jewish community are sure that this fortress was built by King David and imagine that here, right here, near the elevator, he once stood waiting for her to come ...



#History of the Citadel of the Tower of David

The fortress was first built during King Herod's reign. Three guard towers were built there. Today, only one of them survived, probably the one now known as the 'Fasael Tower' - the largest of the three.

This fort was the last point the Romans faced during the Great Revolt. After the destruction, the Romans set up their legion camp on the ruins of Herod's towers. In the archaeological excavations there were tiles and bricks with imprints of the Roman legion.

The Arabs, in turn, turned the place into a large fortress and created an inner courtyard. Jerusalem was then ruled by the Crusaders, who added large halls around the fortress for the use of their garrison.

Days passed and the Ayyubids and the Mamluks came, thickening the walls of the fortress and surrounding it with tall towers. The Turks, who came after them, turned the fortress into a military camp and placed cannons inside. In the 17th century they added to it the minaret of the mosque, the "Tower of David" we know today. If you look around the fortress, you will see the "moat", the deep trench that the Ottoman Turks added to protect it from attack.

Part of the moat, incidentally, was filled with earth in 1898. This was done on the side of the Jaffa gate, in order to create a convenient passage for the carriage of Kaiser Wilhelm II, who came to visit Jerusalem. To this end, a small section of the wall of the moat was also removed.

It was the British, who during the British Mandate period turned the fort into a museum. In the 1920's they allowed exhibitions of young Israeli art to be exhibited here. The tradition of those "Tower of David" exhibitions continues today, and in the State of Israel, the small museum has become a real museum, transforming the citadel into a cultural and tourist center.



#The Tower of David Museum of the History of Jerusalem

In the Tower of David is the Museum of the History of Jerusalem. This museum is considered one of the leading historical museums in the world. It presents in Hebrew, Arabic and English the story of the city of Jerusalem, its importance to the three great religions and prominent events in its history, from the beginning of the second millennium BCE to the present era and its transformation into the capital of the State of Israel.

The museum presents the story of the city in modern and sophisticated ways and with digital and interactive means that enrich the experience and enable visitors to learn about Jerusalem in unusual ways. All this is done through computers and screens, as well as games and apps developed for all ages, including children.

A night show in the citadel tells the story of Jerusalem, through a nightly spectacle, a stunning video display, breathtaking animation, effective sounds and narration, all-enveloping the viewer in a multi-sensory experience. All these bring together visitors with the ancient cultures, religions, rulers and myths that are projected on the walls and archeological remains themselves. The Night Spectacular of the Tower of David is a real attraction for children.

In addition to the walking paths built between the archaeological finds in the courtyard of the citadel, you can go up and walk on the walls of the fortress, on the promenade that offers a spectacular view of both the Old and New City.



A Closer Look is the Exhibition at the Tower of David:

https://youtu.be/ayt62M0XbtU



A Closer Look at the Tower of David from Above:

https://youtu.be/WCh6zM5Bs2k

Fortresses

Beogradska Tvrdava
Belgrade Fortress
#About the Impressive Fortress of Belgrade that Has Amazing Viewpoints

The Belgrade Fortress (Beogradska Tvrdava) is like a crown placed on the head of the city of Belgrade. There are not many sites that teachs about the history of the city more than the impressive fortress.

In the fortress you can walk on wooden bridges and pass the ancient gates right into history. There are two towers, an upper and lower one, and today the museum for the history of Belgrade sits here.

Beyond the beauty of the fotress, this fortress offers one of the best views over the city of Belgrade. Take a short tour and make time to look over the view seen from here, especially looking at the connecting Sava and Danube Rivers. On a beautiful day with good visibility, the view here is impressive and special.


#History of the Belgrade Fortress

With roots dating back to the Neolithic period, through the Roman army, the Byzantine Empire, Hungarian, Bulgarian, Crusader and Turkish rulers, later Austro-Hungarians to the present day, the fortress has been the center of many significant events in the history of Belgrade. Once it was considered one of the strongest military strongholds in Europe and from there emerged the first rebellion of the Ottoman Empire.

The Belgrade Fortress (Beogradska Tvrdava) was built and destroyed nonstop, beginning in the 1st century AD. Originally the fortress was built as a Roman outpost, located opposite the connecting point of the banks of the Sava and Danube Rivers, in order to enable the Romans to control the strategic point.

Over the years, the fortress was often looted, sometimes destroyed and rebuilt. Everyone passed here through history from hand to hand. Who did not mess, hold or destroy this fortress? - the Byzantines, the Slavs, the Ottomans, the Hungarians, and the Austrians. Everyone passed by.

Until the 18th century, the fortress underwent dozens of transformations and changes. The stories the thick walls could tell, along with the displays of armor and cannons here, are evidence that can hint at this history.

Today, the fortress and the park host many tourists each year and a variety of art, sports and tourism events.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/4VkAQZWa7x4


A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/qoC7YmxJ7QE


Wandering Around:

https://youtu.be/y62dzohyiwc
Fishermen's Bastion
Fishermen's Bastion
#About the Citadel That did Not Protect Anything.

Fishermen's Bastion (Halaszbastya) is a sort of Romantic monument is a kind of monument to the Fisherman's Guild which has seven towers that symbolize the seven tribes from which the Hungarian people were born. It is an ornate building and even a little "kitschy", which will be explored in a lot of surprises, steps and amusing corners.

The special building was erected at the end of the 19th century in honor of the thousandth anniversary of the settlement of the city. From here you can look out over the city and the river and see St. Stephen's Church, the beautiful Parliament, Margaret Island and the Suspension Bridge.

In fact, the fort was built with no real defensive intentions and seemed to be mainly for beauty. Its seven turrets symbolize the seven tribes that settled here for the first time more than 1,000 years ago.

The architecture of this magnificent building is a fascinating combination of neo-Roman style and neo-Gothic style. You can see this by mixing the tall turrets, with large windows, that bring a lot of light into the building, arched windows and more.

There is some ambiguity about the origins of the Fisherman's Bastion. One conjecture is that the name was given to it from a fish market, which existed in the area in the distant past. Another conjecture connects the name to a local tradition that tells us that in the Middle Ages the members of the local fishermen's guild protected this side of the hill.



#Why is This Citadel Good?

The answer to this question is, of course, symbolic, since this fort was erected for the city's celebrations at the end of the 19th century. But for anyone, this fortress is the most spectacular observation point and spot in the city of Budapest.

From the second floor of the fortress you can take photos comfortably that will come out great. There is an entrance fee. If you want just a nice photo and do not want to go up, then grab a little corner near the lower floor, where the restaurant is located.




#Tips

Be aware of pickpocketers that tend to roam this area.

Next to the restaurants and cafes in this area are many souvenir shops. These are substantially more expensive than the souvenir shops in town.

A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/TAC5zQ-9mFg?t=19s
Citadella
Citadella
#About the Citadel with the Impressive Lookout of Budapest

The Citadella is an impressive fortress, that was built in the 19th century on a hill that overlooks the city. The Citadella was built by the Austrian Emporer, after the Hungarian Independence War. It was created to strengthen the control of the Emporer and ruler of the Hapsburg house, over the residents of the city of Budapest, after they rebelled against the empire.

To tell the truth, the Citadella itself is not so interesting. This is an impressive place for panoramic photos that can be shot here - of the city, of the Danube, and the rest of what is around.

Want romance? - Get here at night, or at sunset, and you will be rewarded by a romantic and pretty view of the city at twilight and the twinkling lights.

Next to the Citadella is the famous Freedom Monument, that was established by the Communists as a memorial for Soviet soldiers, who freed Hungary from Nazi rule. Go see it yourself - it is beautiful and well lit up at night.




A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/qChrghXbCtA


Photos from the Summer:

https://youtu.be/bsKOSoBpqkM
Castello Sforzesco
Sforzesco Castle
#The Castle in the Heart of Milan and the Old Art Museums

Sforzesco Castle (Castello Sforzesco) is a huge medieval castle. This is an Italian noble house where dukes and rulers of the city nobility lived in the past.

The magnificent fortress of our time is a 100-year-old reconstruction of the great Renaissance fortress built around 1450 by Francesco Sforza. The Sforza family was one of the prominent aristocratic families living in Renaissance Milan. The castle is named after the family, The Sforzesco Castle.

Legend has it that Leonardo da Vinci himself was involved in the design of the building. Some claim that the painter and sculptor Michelangelo was one of the contributors to the design of the magnificent structure of the castle.

In any event, the rulers of the area and the city of Milan once lived in the fortress. Over the 500 years of its existence, it served faithfully the many rulers here, starting with the founders of Sforza, with each generations leaving their mark in turn. Its enormous splendor, over time, became a showcase of these nobles, to demonstrate power and prestige.

One of the most famous tenants who lived in the castle was Ludovico Sforza, who was the patron of the famous Leonardo da Vinci. This wealthy nobleman, together with his wife Beatrice, had assembled a rich and magnificent variety of pieces of art and expensive and impeccable furniture in the castle.

And so, in addition to the impressive medieval castle, there are now varied and wonderful museums. There are 12 different museums here, which show collections of art based on the works collected here from the previous centuries and were the basis for the huge collection currently displayed in the castle. These are the works of the greatest artists in Italy, from the Middle Ages to the 17th century.

After exploring the majestic citadel and seeing the treasures of the museums, you can go out and breathe fresh air in the inner courtyards of the castle. Wander around the magnificent gardens around it, or head out to the big park surrounding the fort. Some of the stylish and well-kept gardens around it are not just grand gardens, but real botanical gardens, with a huge variety of plants and flowers from all around the world.
What you can see here in the huge fortress are some of the most important museums in Italy. Among them are the Prehistory Museum, the Museum of Ancient and Medieval Art, the Museum of Applied Art and the Museum of Historical Instruments. Other museums in the castle are the Museum of Pure Art and the Museum of Egyptian Art.

These museums and others expose visitors, among others, to pieces of art made by some of the greatest artists in the history of art, such as Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci. Do not miss Pieta Rondanini, Michelangelo's last masterpiece.

Among other things, you can see frescoes, ancient frescoes, stunning works of art and Renaissance paintings and the Scuola Grande, which is in Pinacoteca. Pay attention to the works of Michelangelo, one of the greatest Renaissance artists.

Along with art, there is also an impressive collection of antique items, including furniture, carpets, weapons of war, musical instruments and even Egyptian art.

In the 38 museum halls, you can see one of Italy's most impressive collections of medieval and Renaissance art.



#Tips

Entrance is free of charge to the castle and gardens. Admission is free for museums, every first Sunday of every month and on Tuesdays from 2 pm. On the other days, the entrance to the museum costs about 5 euros, with a 50% discount for students and pensioners. After visiting the castle, you can slip away from the bustle of the city in Parco Sempione, a wonderful green lung, close to here that will allow you to relax after the abundance of museums.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/B40mqp36QSc


Firkas Fortress
‪Firkas Fortress‬
#About Chania's Fortress

In the North Western harbor of Chania, the Venetians built the Firkas Fortress, also known as Revellino del Porto. This is a fortress that was built to protect the harbor, the city, and the trading routes near it. Its building began in 1610, and ended about a century later, only years before the Turkish takeover of the Island.

The inner part of the fortress was designated as rooms for the ruling army, arms inventory, and army headquarters. The South side of the fortress has 6 gun holes, facing the harbor entry and in the center - a water container collecting rainwater.

During the Ottoman rule that fortress was used as castle barracks, for the Turkish soldiers, who nicknamed it "Firkas." Today, the fortress is still referred to as Firkas. With the unification of Crete and Greece on the first of December, 1913, the Greek flag was lifted about the guard tower, in a formal military ceremony. Here every year the unification is celebrated.

Today, the fortress entrance is where the Maritime Museum of Chania is located.



The 100 Year Unification of Greece and Crete Celebrations:

https://youtu.be/PqYUtoCMMdQ
Kiralyi Palota
#About the Royal Palace of Hungary

The Royal Palace, Kiralyi Palota (Királyi Palota), on the Citadel Hill is a large and magnificent palace, which has been destroyed five times throughout history. It has caves, ancient streets and palaces, all part of the Old Town Buda and the complex of its old castle.

In recent years, the ceremony of changing the guard (Sandor Palota), which the Hungarians began to hold at the entrance to the presidential residence, became a kind of tourist attraction. The ceremonies can be seen every hour on the western entrance to the palace.

The palace was built in the 13th century and has since undergone periods of many renovations and innovations, the destruction of foreign armies and wars and many political changes.

Today the palace hosts two of Hungary's most important museums - the National Gallery (Galeria Nemzeti), which presents some of the country's most beautiful collections of art and displays Hungarian art at its best, from the Middle Ages to the present.

More in the Palace is the Museum of the History of Budapest, where you can learn about the city's twisting and changing history.

The Hungarian National Library is also located in the palace.


A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/6YSmQ_QH70s



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/MZ9w-nbSk9w
Castelo San Pietro
#About the Fortress Above the City of Verona

From its superb vantage point, on a hill overlooking the city and the surrounding area, the San Pietro Fortress or the Castelo San Pietro in Verona is a high fortress above the city.

This fortress was built during the Venetian rule in the city. Even if the climb to it is not easy, it is nice to climb to the Venetian fortress on foot, through the stairs leading to the summit. The bonus for the effort is a pass through the ancient Teatro Romano, a Roman theater that is still used for performances and concerts.

You can also reach the Castelo San Pietro with the funicular, which gives a nice experience, especially for children.

You can enjoy the magnificent view from the fortress, and you can also enjoy the coffee shop and the restaurant next to it. In any case, Castel San Pietro will probably give you the most spectacular pictures of Verona and they will be right above, like a bird.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/wSItGUbEIsM


The Funicular to the Fortress:

https://youtu.be/lnizViiTFiQ


Verona from the Castle:

https://youtu.be/jqbwsYwNgrM
Castle Hill
#Aboput the Hill on the City of Buda

Castle Hill (Budai várnegyed) is an ancient site, of the important and interesting in the city Budapest. The hill is located in the area of old Buda. The Citadel, or castle, is built on a plateau whose length is a kilometer, and is mostly surrounded by a wall. Though this is not really a citadel, the complex does include the royal palace, as well as caves and ancient roads and many historical and important sites that are really interesting.

To Buda Hill, Castle Hill, the citadel (Budai várnegyed) you ascend by train from Clark Adam Square. Many people live on the hill, and is a lively and vibrant and very interesting residential place - over most of the city. Next to the houses there are many luxury hotels and not any less luxurious chef restaurants.

The street on the Castle Hill, located at the center of Buda, is in the Middle Age style, the Baroque. There are many different styles of architecture, of buildings from different periods in the city and different design and architecture techniques.

In 1987 the citadel was declared as a World Heritage Site. Most of the famous attractions of Budapest are located on Castle Hill on the Buda side: the popular royal palace and inside the National Gallery, the Fishermen's Bastion, Matthias Church, Lion Court, Honday Garden, Savoy Terrace, History Museum of Budapest, Music Museum, Military Museum, Marzipan Museum, Pharmacy Museum and the Museum for Middle Age Jewry.


#History of the Hill

The story of the hill and the story of the royal palace on it is the story of the history of all of Hungary. The settlement began during the 13th century, after the Mongolian army invaded the city of Pest, that was built along the Danube River.

The Mongols destroyed and caused major havoc to the city. To prevent future damage to that extent, the residents of the city decided to wall the city and build a palace and citadel on the nearby hill, with strategic viewpoints, to protect the city. So they crossed the Danube River and built the citadel on the hill, assuming that the river would make it hard for intruders to attack the city, and that the height of the hill would guarantee its protection.

In the 15th century, the palace was expanded into a castle by King Sigismund, and was the largest Gothic castle in Europe. Later on in the century King Matthias made sure to expand it further.

When the Turks conquered Buda in the 16th century, they turned all the churches to Mosques, as they did with all the Christian areas they took over.

At the end of the 17trh century, after the area was conquered again by the Hapsburgs, Christians from Austria, began a surge of impressive reconstruction. During the rule of the Austro-Hungarian Empire public houses were built here, homes and roads that were impressive and full of glory.

In the 19th century was the Hungarian Independence War, during the period called the "Spring of Nations," in 1848. During the revival against the Austrian Emperor, the Buda Castle was once again damaged. After the war, when the Emperor united Austria and Hungary, the palace was renovated and enlarged, where Franz Joseph was crowned King of Hungary.

After World War I and the fall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Horthy Miklós lived in the castle, the ruler of Hungary. The palace then became the political center of the country.

At the end of World War II, the Castle on Buda Hill was the last standing hold of the Nazis. During the fighting between then and the Red Army the Castle incurred a lot of damages.



#Tips

As in any place with a big crowd, watch for pickpocketers


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/4fZeT1Ps3p4


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.