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Fuente de Cibeles
Fuente de Cibeles
#About the Great Fountain at the Heart of the Prettiest Square in Madrid

The Fuente de Cibeles, located at the center of the Plaza de Cibeles in Madrid, is considered one of the most important symbols of the city. In the fancy fountain is the Goddess of nature of the Phrygian religion, Cybelle, who is driving a carriage led by a pair of lions. The fountain is named after the goddess Cybelle, and the square it is located in.

The famous fountain is in the neo-Classical style. Though it was created hundreds of years ago, the fountain is in the Classical style, that characterized the sculpting of ancient Greece and Rome.

The name of the fountain was named after Cybelle, the goddess of nature of the Phrygian religion, which can be compared with the Greek goddess Gaea.

The goddess is described in the statue, she is sitting in a carriage being pulled by two lions. The statue of the goddess of nature tied to a carriage with lions in a fountain is considered one of the prettiest monuments in the city, in a city that is considered one of the cities most influenced by monuments and statues in all of Europe.

The fountain was planned by the sculptor Ventura Rodríguez, and took 5 years to complete in the days of King Carlos III. The statue of the goddess was created by Francis Gutierrez, and the lions by Roberto Michel.



A Closer Look at Fuente de Cibeles:

https://youtu.be/vWINq-ZgXNc
Fontana Di Trevi
Trevi Fountain
#About the Trevi Fountain or Fontana di Trevi

The largest and most nostalgic of European fountains is undoubtedly the Trevi Fountain (Fontana di Trevi). No matter what time you arrive here, in the bright morning or in the middle of the night, there are many people milling about. During the evening and through the night there are spectacular lights illuminating the entire area, the fountain in particular. A beautiful sight worth seeing ...

In the fountain you'll see Neptune, the God of the sea, riding a chariot in the shape of a shell. His statue is located in the center of the fountain in an alcove. Beside this statue there are other statues depicting marine creatures that help him "tame the water." On both sides of Neptune you will see two other niches, one of which is a statue of the god of abundance and the other of health.

The fountain was built by the architect Nicola Salvi and was designed by several artists from the Bernini School. The title was given to it because of the adjacent neighborhood "Trevi" (the phrase Tre vie), indicating that this is the nexus between three main roads of the city. The tourists gave it the nickname "Fountain of Wishes."

There are quite a few strange customs associated with this fountain, the familiar among them is the tossing of coins by tourists, which will ensure the fulfillment of their wishes. It is rumored that these wishes will be fulfilled by drinking the water of the fountain, although we absolutely do not recommend it.



#History of the Fountain

This is the point where one of Rome's canals ended which brought water to the city from 20 kilometers away, built in 19 BC. This aqueduct
was called Virgin River, after the young Virgin Trevi, who showed the Roman soldiers to this stream of water.

By the way, the construction of fountains at the point where the aqueducts ended (aqueducts) was a well-known custom of the Romans. In 1453 the pool was added to the fountain by Pope Nicholas V.

Nearly 200 years later, in 1629, Pope Urban VIII invited Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini, the great Baroque architect, to plan a renovation of the fountain and the pool, wanting it to be more grandiose. Although these plans didn't come to fruition, it inspired future plans.

Indeed, about 100 years later, Pope Clemens initiated a massive renovation of the fountain by the architect Nicola Salvi. The works began in 1732 and ended in 1762, after the two died - both the Pope and the architect ...



#Tossing Coins into the Fountain

Legend has it that tossing a coin into the fountain will ensure the return of those who had thrown them back to Rome. It also ensures the fulfillment of the wishes of the coin tossers. You're probably asking yourself where this strange legend came from. Well, the source is probably a book written by John Hermes Scondari in 1952 called "Coins in the Fountain." The book tells of three figures who throw coins into the fountain and then find themselves in more or less positive romantic situations. This led, among other things, to the rumor that throwing three coins into a fountain would guarantee marriage - or divorce.

Every night, the fountain floor is estimated to be worth about three thousand euros. This is despite the fact that the value of each coin is not high, but their quantity reaches this value. These coins are collected by the City of Rome. The municipality itself uses them to finance a supermarket that provides free products to the needy.

Do not try to get coins from here. From time to time Rome's police stop private people trying to pluck coins from the floor of the pool.


#The Fountain in the Cinema
In Fellini's 1960 movie "La Dolce Vita," beautiful actress Anita Eckberg enters the fountain waters at night, bringing Marcello Maestroiani to bathe with her. It's a memorable, sensual and romantic scene.
Neptunbrunnen
Neptune Fountain
#About the Fountain that is Nearby the TV Tower

The most important work of the sculptor Reinhold Begas, is the Neptune Fountain (Neptunbrunnen) between the Church of Mariam and the Red Town Hall building. It was given as a gift by the Berlin Municipality to Kaiser Wilhelm II (Emperor of Germany and the King of Prussia). It is decorated in a Neo-Baroque style, and imitates other important fountains in Rome. The fountain’s diameter is 18 meters, and is 10 meters tall.

The fountain was nicknamed "Porkenbeken," a word play in German that means "pelvis with a trident," but it is hard to ignore the fact that this nickname is very closely related the name of the mayor of Purknebek at the time. So why a pelvis, you may ask? In the statue of Neptune, God of the sea, the god standing in a water basin (made of red granite) and holds a trident in his hands, lying on his left shoulder.

The trident is a symbol of Neptune’s great power. He is standing over a giant oyster that is being pulled by four tritons. Around the shell are many statues of marine life.

On the edges of the fountain are four women who symbolize the four great rivers of Germany: the Rhine, the Elbe, the Oder and the Vistula.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=leBll37cACg
Fontana Delle Tartarughe
Turtle Fountain
#About the Turtle Fountain

Rome is full of various fountains. In almost every square you reach, you will find another impressive fountain. The fact that they were designed and built by the greatest architects and sculptors, turns wandering in Rome into an adventure.

The Turtle Fountain (Fontana Delle Tartarughe) in Little Mattei Square, a square built by the wealthy Mattei family, is located in the Jewish ghetto of Rome. In contrast to the statues which characterize Rome, which are often made of marble, this one is made of high-quality bronze.

Its construction was completed in 1588. Originally, the statue depicted four young men leaning on dolphins at the bottom of the fountain and sending their hands up to support other dolphins above.

Some 70 years after the completion of the construction of the fountain, the upper dolphins were replaced by small tortoises made by the sculptor and architect Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini. This remains the statue to this day, so the name of the fountain is Turtle Fountain.

Fountains

Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi
Fiumi Fountain
#The Four River Fountain

The Fountain of Four Rivers, Fiumi Fountain (Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi), located at the center of Rome, was designed by one of the most important Baroque sculptors - Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini. This fountain was built as part of the design of the square where it is placed - Piazza Navona.

The fountain is made of unprocessed stone and incorporates several materials: marble, stone and water. In the center of the fountain stands a powerful obelisk, symbolizing the church's victory over paganism The fountain's pool has spectacular dolphin statues.

The four largest rivers in the world - the Nile (in Africa), the Danube (in Europe), the Ganges (in Asia) and Rio de la Plata (America) are part of the design of the fountain. Each of the gods in the fountain is shaped in an authentic style of the inhabitants from its continent. They sit on a rock from which one of the rivers flows. Each river represents a continent which the pope wishes to rule.

The message of the fountain of the four rivers is clear - Rome is the source from which all the rivers flow.
Sultan Ahmet III emesi
Fountain of Ahmed III
#About the Ancient Fountain that was Built by the Sultan

Fountain of Ahmed III (Ш. Sultan Ahmet Çeşmesi) is a fancy fountain in the shape of a large building in the Rococo style, built right at the entrance to the Topkapi Palace.

This fountain was built by Sultan Ahmed III in 1728, to show is charity, and also as a holy place, from the Islamic point of view, a desert religion originally, the water is viewed as holy.

The fountain was built on the ruins of an ancient Byzntine well. It has extensive decorations and is covered by a neat roof.

Notice that the fountain is square shaped, with round edges poking outwards. In the walls there is a niche, decorated with calligraphy and decorations of flowers and geometric textures. Every trough is sunk in an alcove and water comes out of its faucets, into a marble basin, from which people once washed their faces and some of their bodies.

In the fountain building is also a sabil - a sort of counter where people would stand and serve glasses of water to all the passersby.

The walls of the fountains are decorated with paintings of plants, and above the arch there is a frieze decorated with an inscription with praise to the Sultan, in gold letters calligraphy. In the inscription they compare the taste of the fountain to the sweetness of the holy well in Mecca.

Note the inscription on the white marble wall in the building's wall. Here is the name of the donor and the date of construction of the fountain.

Terazije Fountain
Terazije Fountain
#About the Fountain that Commemorates How Water, Until the 19th Century, Was Brought to Belgrade

Terazije Fountain is not a special or impressive water fountain or performance. This fountain is a relic and a reminder of the ancient water towers of Belgrade. By 1860 there were no drinking fountains in town. The water towers provided the residents of Belgrade with water and were also called "water ladders."

The word "Terazije" means ladders. Indeed, the fountain is located in the center of a square that bears the name. The square and the fountain are a historical site that reminds and preserves the memory of the period when water did not reach faucets in the houses of residents.
Piazza Navona
Piazza Navona
#Rome's Special Square

Welcome to the most beautiful square in Rome! It is impressive and exciting and is located at the heart of the tourist area of ​​the Italian capital. The square was built by the architect Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini for the family of Pope Innocent X during the Renaissance. This square is considered to be one of the most well-known Baroque architectures in Rome. You will see lots of decorations and wealth that characterize baroque construction.

Originally, the square was supposed to be used for the city's athletic competitions. This is the reason for its elliptical shape. It was built on the ruins of the stadium of Domitianus from the first century. During ancient times it was used for horse races and is the only remnant of the nostalgic race track of the Romans.

Around the square there are beautiful Baroque palaces from the 17th century, the most famous of which is the church of Sant'Agnese in Agone.

Please note that the square is inviting and beautiful, but the prices of shops and restaurants are certainly high. Try to walk a little farther from the square and see how the prices gradually decrease.

Entrance to the square with vehicles is not permitted, unless you are traveling on a licensed vehicle. However, public transport will help you reach it and also travel to many places in the area, such as the Colosseum, the Forum and more.



#What Can be Seen in Piazza Navona Square?

This piazza is bustling with tourists, mostly because of its many shops, restaurants, cafés and its fine ice cream parlors. It has spectacular fountains, such as the fountain of the four rivers of Bernini. In the southern corner of the square you can see the fountain of Moro, whi ch was also built by architect Bernini, a very influential architect. The Neptune Fountain, designed in the 16th century, is located on the northern side of the square.

Take special notice of the tall obelisk, which came from Egypt at the command of one of the Popes, to symbolize the triumph of Christianity over the Muslim world. The symbol of the pigeon you see, was commissioned by the Pamphili family from Bernini.

On weekends and in the evening you can see many artists and painters in Piazza Navona. The early morning is the ideal time to enjoy the piazza, as it is less crowded than during the day.


Piazza del Popolo
People's Square
#The People's Square in Rome

People's Square (Piazza del Popolo), is a central spot in Rome. It is located near the Porta Flaminia, the entrance gate to Ancient Rome. This is the first peek that many visitors get of Rome. Today there are only remnants of the Arch and the name has been changed to "Popolo Gate," like the square where it stands.

This piazza is a significant part of historical events. It is not only the entrance to Ancient Rome. Speeches were given here and performances such as horse racing. Another famous event was the riderless horses, whose departure point was this square.

In the past, this piazza was also the site for executions, the last of which took place in 1826. Nowadays the square is open to pedestrians only and is a central meeting place in the city. You will see street performances and local and international artists. There have also been quite a few demonstrations here, such as those of 2010, as well as a few that got out of control. In the evening you can see the young people of Rome who come to see and be seen.



#Architecture of the Square and its Exhibits

In 1818 the architect Giuseppe Valadier was assigned to redesign the square. It is thanks to his genius that the square is as beautiful and impressive as it is today. His style was Neo- classical.

Over the years, various rulers have added more objects to the square to glorify their own names. One of them was the Egyptian Obelisk from the time of Ramses II (13th century BCE), which was placed in the center of the square, the Obelisco Flaminio and the second oldest obelisk in Rome, 24 meters tall, and together with its base is no less than 36 meters high. On the obelisk are hieroglyphs describing the life and the time period of the king of Egypt. Water pools at the foot of the obelisk are made of marble and are surrounded by marble lions made in the 19th century. Four small fountains surround it, which have Egyptian characteristics to fit in with the obelisk.

The obelisk was brought to this square by the architect Ernesto Domenico Fontana in 1589, for the obelisk had previously stood in another square.

On both sides of the square you can see the beautiful water fountains, designed by Giovanni Sicherini in 1822-1823. In the square you can also see three impressive churches, among them the Church of Santa Maria del Popolo, "Maria of the People".
Krizik Fountain
#About the Singing Fountain

The singing fountain (Krizikova Fontana) is a loved area in Prague, where in the spring and summer, every evening, 4 spectacular shows take place, where lighting, music, and sometimes dance is combined with the water show. During the half hour show, the water fountain creates colorful splashes in different shapes and structures in the air. Everything is done in total synchronization with music that plays in the background, and dancers on the stage.

Every so often, above the water, videos are screened and are a part of the multimedia experience, a truly magical and hypnotizing performance. Certain shows include live music, and sometimes ballet dancers as well.


#Tips

From 20:00 pm the fountain area fills with people. Try to get here earlier to find a good place to watch the show, especially short people who would miss some of the show otherwise.

The show starts once an hour, on the hour, and each time the show is different than the one before.

The show is about half an hour long, and is performed daily from 7 pm to 11 pm.

There is no need to book places in advance.

You can check the schedule of the performance beforehand online to see what is in store each day.



#A Look at the Working Fountain:

https://youtu.be/UcTAR6QFhNs



#A Whole Michael Jackson Song in the Fountain:

https://youtu.be/8daNvtbHjPI



#Combination with Video:

https://youtu.be/d-prNwAfLFI
El Angel Caido
#About the Only Statue of the Devil in Europe

In El Retiro Park you will see the rose garden called "Rosaleda." The garden is rather beautiful, and you can enjoy some quiet time walking around. Besides the rose garden and the great flowers, you can meet a one of a kind display. This is the statue of the fallen angel, which only one quick look will clarify that it is the devil.

And so, in the rose garden in El Retiro Park is a statue of the devil, or to be exact, El Angel Caido. This is the only statue of its kind in Europe, and it is placed at the head of the impressive fountain in the south part of the park, and brings many statue enthusiasts from around the city.

This statue of the devil was created by the Spanish artist Ricardo Bellver. This is a unique statue that is dedicated to the devil, and as far as is known, is the only one of its kind in all of Europe.



#About the Statue of the Devil in Madrid

The falling angel, or devil, is a surprising statue in Spain, the traditional Catholic community, a land where usually you can find angels and saints. This is no ordinary site anywhere in Europe, a statue dedicated to the rule of spirits and the interesting story behind it.

The Spanish sculptor Ricardo Bellver identified in the 19th century with the "Paradise Lost," the famous epic by John Milton. Bellver decided to shake away the traditional definition of the devil as a living creature with horns, and sculpted it in a way described by Milton, and much closer to the actual description. The sculpture describes how the devil was thrown from the sky, in the form of a beautiful but corrupt angel. This is after he revolted against God as an angel and was punished for his pride.


In 1874 Bellver completed the statue that describes the dramatic fall. Many of Madrid's residents were shocked by the devil statue that was placed in their city, in the loved El Retiro Park. However the statue has won different awards, and today Madrid is proud to be the only city with the monument to the devil.



A Closer Look at the Statue of the Falling Angel, or the Devil:

https://youtu.be/sLFERiVFoJs?end=34s
Fountain Zodiac Signs
#About the Fountain that Was Built on a Wishing Well

Not only Rome can boast with impressive fountains, Tel Aviv also has a Fontana di Trevi and it is right here. Because in the Fountain Zodiac Signs, located in Kedumim Square in Jaffa, all the signs are sculpted with limestone, combined with water and lighting effects.

The fountain was sculpted in 2011 by Varda Givoli and Ilan Gelber. You will be interested to know that artifacts from the Ottoman period discovered beneath the fountain prove that here was exactly a well of wishes, to which they used to throw coins.

If you thought that the zodiac signs in Jaffa ended here, you were wrong. The names of the streets of Old Jaffa and the Bridge of Wishes that connects Tel Aviv with Kedumim Square are connected to the various zodiac signs.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/h2S8SurBsrM


A Visit:
https://youtu.be/pznYI0kMuFA
Whale Fountain
#About the Smiling Whale of Old Jaffa

The sculpture "The Smiley Whale" was sculpted by the important artist Ilana Goor in 1983. The sculptor for many years dealt with multidisciplinary art and varied design. In the 1990's she decided to open her private home in Old Jaffa to the general public and turned it into the Ilana Goor Museum, where she presents hundreds of her works alongside her art collection.

The sculpture was sculpted by Goor and placed on Pasteur Street in Old Jaffa. The statue, which stands right next to Jaffa port and its museum building, is actually the water fountain that emerges from the body of the whale. Pay attention to the sound of the moving, soothing water that blends with the surroundings and becomes a permanent sound in it.

The statue shows the whale that swallowed Jonah the prophet, according to the biblical story. Jonah left this port, the port of Jaffa, when he fled to Tarshish because of the mission of God, after he refused to go to the city of Ninevah, the capital of Assyria, and to the people who did evil in the eyes of God. According to the Book of Jonah, "Jonah rose up and fled Tarshish from before the Lord, and went down to Jaffa, and found a ship that came to Tarshish."


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/J-l_S0MuMY4


A Visit:

https://youtu.be/qUYRY1nktPQ
Magic Fountain of Montjuïc
#About the Magical Fountain

One of the famous attractions of Barcelona, a celebration for both adults and children, is the Magic Fountain of Montjuïc (Font Màgica de Montjuïc). You can see its full glory, at the footsteps of the Royal Palace. Like many buildings around it, the Royal Palace was built for the World Expo of Barcelona in 1929. Beyond the large fountain, that cannot be missed, an impressive avenue leads to more than 80 small fountains.

The fountain was designed by the enlightened fountain designer Carles Buïgas. Before it was even built, Buïgas created particularly ambitious plans, and many doubted his ability to stand according to the short timetable. He did not give up, and he brought more than 3,000 workers that volunteered for the task, and a year of working lead to the opening exhibit that was held for the first fountain performance.

During the Spanish Civil War the fountain was severely damaged, and only in 1955 did renovations take place, overseen by Buïgas.

In the 1980's the fountain show was upgraded with music and lights. Special characteristics - the combination of the motion of water, together with the lights and music that joins in, creates a hypnotizing show for the whole family. Every half an hour a new show begins that lasts for about 10 minutes. Today the show combines music from movies, classical music, and songs by famous artists.


#Tips

The Magic Fountain is opened throughout the year on Friday and Saturday nights, and during summer also on Thursday nights.


A Closer Look at the Fountain:

https://youtu.be/i5EUo_1P0sg


A different atmosphere:

https://youtu.be/9TME56Fj_aQ


A visit:

https://youtu.be/8DFHyxlJdn0


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.