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Greenwich Park
Greenwich Park
#About London's Largest Park

Greenwich Park is the largest green park in London and one of the city's most majestic parks. A kilometer long and at the width of approximately 750 meters, the park has a rectangular shape. The park is named after Greenwich, an ancient village in the southeastern part of the city. The name Greenwich means “Green Village” - which remains accurate to this day.

The park has two parts. On its northern side lies the flat part of the park, which slopes down to the Thames River, which runs north of the park. In the center of the park stands the hill on which the Greenwich Observatory, built by King Charles II in 1675 stands. It was the site of a watchtower of Humphrey's Manor House, the Duke of Gloucester, who owned the area at that time. At the southern part of the park there is a slightly raised expanse, which includes many hills.

The hill in the park is one of the most beautiful parts of Greenwich Park. It is possible to observe not only the grounds but also the buildings of the city of London. There is beautiful nature including spectacular flowers, water pools, many squirrels and small animals, and children engaged in sports and ball games.

The park also has archeological Roman ruins, as well as a sculpture by Henry Moore called "Standing Figure Knife Edge" and "The Queen's Oak Tree" - an oak that has survived since the days of Queen Elizabeth I.

Until the 15th century, the area in which today's park stands belonged to St. Peter at Ghent. It became the hunting ground of the king and the English royal family in the 15th century, where the royal nobles were hosted for hunting with the king. During the 17th century, the structure of the park was changed by the aid of landscape architect Andre Le Notre. During the 18th century the park was modernized and public access was allowed.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/MSYZup1d_TQ



A Virtual Visit:

https://youtu.be/4eDvDJGEqjo
Piazza di Spagna
Piazza di Spagna
#About the Piazza with the Staircase

The Piazza di Spagna, built in the 18th century, is the square that became very popular to tourists thanks to the Spanish stairs that ascend to the Church of Trinita di Monti. These steps are by far the most popular meeting point for tourists arriving in Rome.

At the center of the square you will find the Fontana della Barcaccia. This fountain was designed by the renowned architect and sculptor Bernini in 1598. At the center of the fountain you will notice the statue of the little ship. The inspiration for the statue is from a real ship that got stuck in the Tiber River and could not move.

Around the Spanish square are some of the city's glittering and elegant streets. Are you interested in purchasing or window-shopping for some Prada or Gucci? - Head out into the surrounding streets, where Rome's most prestigious shops are located.

Among the houses surrounding square is the home of the poet John Keats, one of the most important romantic poets of England, who moved to Italy on the orders of his doctors after the English weather harmed his health. Today the house functions as a museum named after him.

Another attraction in the square is the 15th century palace of the talented Italian general Lorenzo Sibu. Among his ancestors were, among others, the rich Medici and two Popes.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/-3RN8NoOw8Q


The fountain:

https://youtu.be/J_VsEoQkgXI
Jardin du Luxembourg
Luxembourg Gardens
#Tourists in the Gardens

The beautiful Luxembourg Gardens (Jardin du Luxembourg), located in the heart of Paris, are open to the general public and attract not only tourists but also locals.

In the gardens you can find scattered statues of prominent figures from French history: female figures of French queens and figures of writers and poets.
There is plenty of room to relax, eat ice cream or drink coffee from the many stands in the area. You can enjoy the warm and relaxing sun, rest and gain energy for the trip in the Latin Quarter.
In the center of the garden there is a large pool surrounded by dozens of green chairs ment for tourists and they provide the perfect atmosphere for a moment of comfort and relaxation.

The gardens are not only an attractive destination for the Parisian population, but also for tourists:

You can rent a boat and let kids push it with a long bamboo stick from bank to bank on the big lake.

When you go up, to the center of the garden, you can ride around on ponies or if you a are with younger children you can ride the local carriage.
Deeper in the park, you can find a carousel and a puppet theater that has shows almost every day and in the southwestern corner you can find beehives, and courses on how to raise them.

You can find places to read and play petanca (bowling) for adults, a romantic trip for couples or a lunch break for students, who usually come from the Sorbonne - the famous University of Paris, located right next to the gardens.

It is one of the most beautiful green pieces in Paris, with a proper blend of light and shade, trees and lawns, hidden corners and public spaces for both children and adults. Take a basket with a little food and a blanket - and go for a picnic.



#The History of the Gardens

The construction of the gardens began after the assassination of King Henry the 4th in 1610.

The widow of the king, Marie de Medici, could not bear to live in the Louvre filled with her shared memories with her husband and moved to the Luxembourg Palace.

In 1624 the construction of the Luxembourg Palace was completed for the widow, who ordered the architect, Salomon de Bruce, to build a Palazzo Pitti style palace, like the palace she left behind in her hometown, Florence. The gardens around it were designed to remind her of the landscape of her childhood.

The truth is, that although the Queen planned to spend the rest of her life in the palace, fate must have wanted something else, and in practice the royal widow had not lived in the palace for more than five years. She was exiled to Cologne in 1630 by the order of the new king. During the revolution, the palace was confiscated and for two years served as a prison; It was then designated as the location of the Assembly of Representatives. The monastery next to it was destroyed.

By the way, another historical anecdote - about the famous writer Ernest Hemingway, it is told that as a young man he was hungry for bread and used to go out to the gardens to hunt pigeons for consumption.



#The Luxembourg Palace as Parliament

In the heart of the symmetrical and impressive gardens is the Luxembourg Palace. The palace was originally built according to the design of the French architect Solomon de Bruce, to serve as the royal residence of Marie de Medici, the mother of King Louis the 13th.

After the French Revolution it was re-designed by Jean Chalgrin and was converted into a parliament. The main staircase was destroyed and replaced by the Senate Hall on the first floor. Chalgrin also destroyed the Chapel de Medici. Chalgrin closed the terraces and turned them into a library. At the same time he built a staircase in the western wing, which was surrounded by iconic columns. The construction ended with the destruction of the gallery.

In early 1835, architect Alphonse de Gisors added a new garden aisle. The new Senate Hall was located in what was then the courtyard area between the gardens. The new aisle included a library with paintings by Eugene Delacroix. In 1850 by the request of Napoleon the 3rd, Gisors created a conference hall.

During the occupation of France by Nazi Germany in 1944, the palace became the headquarters of the Luftwaffe in France, and in general the palace was a strategic place for the German forces that defended the city.

During the year 1946, the palace was used as a venue for the Paris Peace Conference.



#The Architecture of the Luxembourg Gardens

The park and its beautiful gardens manage to put nature in the heart of the Parisian urban fabric and makes travelers rest and feel embraced by nature.

Not only do the visitors get to experience the nature and space, the garden also has a magical atmosphere, it is beautifully maintained and the garden beds are designed in a meticulous French style. Self-pruning and chestnuts attract Parisians and tourists of all ages.

In the center, you can see an octagonal pool with a fountain, where you can rent and sail on models of ancient sailboats. This part of the garden is decorated in a classic French style - with straight and symmetrical lines. While later, from the center to the edge, the style becomes like an English garden style, in a less formal way of curving paths and random clusters of trees.

The current design of the gardens was given to them in the 19th century by architect Chalgrin.



#The Luxembourg Gardens Fountain

The Luxembourg Gardens, spread across 57,000 square meters, attract many tourists and locals, because of the well-tended gardens, the wonderful sculptures and the relaxed and Parisian atmosphere.

But one of the true charms of the garden, which is not visited too much by tourists, is the spectacular Medici fountain.

The fountain was built in 1630 and has deep routes in the rich French history. Because of location, in an isolated corner of the garden and because the boulevard of tall trees hides it a little, many visitors are unaware of its existence. The fountain was also commissioned by Marie de Medici in 1624. She wanted to give it typical Italian mannerism features: a complex fountain, an artificial cave decorated with statues, just like the one she knew from the Beauntanti Cave in the Boboli Gardens.

The architect Tommaso Francini, who was in charge of the fountains and water, in the gardens of the Medici villas in Prinza and Rome, was chosen for the construction and planning of the fountain.

He created a large water basin leading to a huge sculpted fountain, topped by two statues of nymphs spilling water from their hands and a gable bearing the Medici emblem.

The fountain was located on the left bank of Paris, where free water flowed and the groundwater was quite deep, and therefore considered one of the wonders of that period.

After Medici's death, in the mid 18th century, the fountain needed serious repairs due to poor maintenance. The neglect was so severe that the statues on the fountain disappeared (to this day they do not know when exactly they were stolen) and the supporting wall collapsed. In 1811 Napoleon appointed architect Jean Chalgrin to renovate the fountain, the same architect who created the Arc de Triomphe.

During the reign of Napoleon the 3rd, it underwent another incarnation (by architect Alphonse de Gizur), which shifted its position by 28 meters to make way for the construction of a street behind it. In the empty space left behind, another fountain was built, the "Leda and the Swan," which stood in one of the adjacent streets and the two matched each other like a glove. To the sorrow of the original Medici fountain, most visitors focus on her new sister.

Another change was the addition of two new sculptures representing the Seine and Heron rivers at the top of the fountain, where the nymphs once stood. He reconstructed the Medici emblem that had been damaged in the French Revolution and set up a sculpture set by the sculptor August Otten.




A Closer Look of the Gardens:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lsZ1O6tJKbc
Hadrian's Arch
Arch of Hadrian
#About the Gate that was Built for the Visit of the Roman Emperor in Athens

The Arch of Hadrian is a victory gate that was built in the 2nd century, for the honor of the Roman Emperor Hadrian. The gate was built before the visit of Hadrian in the city around the year 132 BC.

The location of the gate is in walking distance of Syntagma Square, which makes it a central place in the modern city of Athens. In Roman Greece, it was built on the ancient road that connects between the ancient city center, with the Ancient Agora of the Acropolis, and the Olympieion, and the south-east side of the city.



#The Gate's Architecture

The height of the Arch of Hadrian is 18 meters, 12.5 meters wide, and 2.3 meters in depth.

It is interesting that the gate was not a part of a wall around the city, but a gate and arch on its own, along the road. During the Turkish Ottoman rule in the 18th century, the Turks combined the gate with a protective wall for self-protection that they built, against a possible Albanian invasion.

At the top of the arch, Corinthian columns were added to the sides of the walls.



#Writings on the Gate

Two carvings are on the back of the arch. On the west side is written, "This is Athens, the old city of Theseus," and on the east side it says "This city is of Hadrian and not Theseus."

The writings show that the arch was built it seems on the dividing line of Ancient Athens, to the west of the new city of Hadrianoupolis, and on the East side, Theseus.

Some see these carvings as a sort of declaration, of Hadrian, as the hero of the new Athens, and the one who replaced Theseus.



A Closer Look at the Arch of Hadrian:

https://youtu.be/pd-TUgUzzyw

Free

Getty Villa
Getty Villa
#About the Getty Villa

Getty Villa is part of the Getty Museum, one of Los Angeles' most impressive museums, consisting of two parts: the main museum on a hill in Los Angeles and the Getty Villa in Malibu right here.

The villa was the original seat of the museum. It was built in 1970, on the top of a cliff overlooking the Pacific Ocean.

The villa, which is completely free, bears the name of the philanthropist and oil tycoon Paul Getty, who hoped to make everyone enjoy and experience art. He used to collect many items that included antiques and paintings, photographs, sculptures and prints. In fact, Getty was one of the richest Americans and established quite a few important institutions like the Research Institute and the Conservation Center and Foundation.

In his youth he visited Italy, where he met the Papirios Villa - a villa full of pools and fountains of various sizes and shapes. He fell in love with the idea and decided to make a copy of the place in California - where the pools and fountains would also occupy a central role. And so he did. Getty was able to allow visitors here to experience the same experience hehad in Italy.

The villa was invested with $275 million and the museum became very popular and highly illustrated. It was renovated and reopened in early 2006 after an 8-year renovation. Today you will find a research campus dedicated to the preservation of Roman, Greek and Etruscan antiquities. In addition, treasures from an antiquities collection containing some 44,000 works owned by Getty are displayed. Thousands of visitors come to it each year.

Today there is an educational center and a museum dedicated to the culture and art of Greece, Rome and ancient Arturia. Pay particular attention to two interesting statues in the museum: one is "Lansdowne Herakles", a larger than life statue of the god from 125 AD and the other is "Victorious Youth", a Greek bronze sculpture (from the surviving life-size stories) of an Olympic victory.


#Tips

Entrance to the museum is free but tickets are required in advance - visit the site provided below.


A Closer Look at the Villa:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hoxILA4Gwbs
Palacio de Cristal
Palacio de Cristal
#About the Impressive Glass Building in the Heart of Parque del Buen Retiro

In the Parque del Buen Retiro in Madrid, at the corner of the small lake in the park, is an impressive glass building called Palacio de Cristal.

This is a special glass building, that was built in 1887, that was used as a greenhouse for exotic plants that were brought from the Philipines.

Actually, the Palacio de Cristal is more than just a designed greenhouse. This is a luxury greenhouse. The one who designed it is architect Ricardo Velázquez Bosco, the same person who designed the Kew Palace and Gardens in England.

Today, the Palacio de Cristal is one of the most beautiful buildings in the park, and is mainly used to display temporary art and exhibits by modern artists. As home to these exhibitions and a free extension of the Reina Sofia Modern Art Museum, this special palace is itself a kind of almost modern artistic creation.


#Tips

Entrance is free.

Be sure not to confuse Palacio de Cristal with Casón del Buen Retiro, another museum in the park displaying paintings from the 19th century and on, including works by the Spanish Impressionist Joaquín Sorolla.


A Closer Look at the Crystal Building in the Parque del Buen Retiro:

https://youtu.be/OyOVkdPfxfQ


Another Look:

https://youtu.be/B5T95R0RE3U
Vancouver
False Creek
#About the Viewpoint on the Water

False Creek Bay is the bay between Vancouver and Granville Island, located on the southern side of the bay.

On False Creek you can reach Granville Island by car, with the Granville Street Bridge, or through other roads.

Want to see the bay? You can rent a boat and sail independently to the bay or take a ferry. Sailing on False Creek, especially around Granville Island, leads to a cool place for entertainment. This is an especially fun thing to do, sail to this island in Vancouver, with a popular market and great stores.


#Tips

In a cruise on the ferries that cross the False Creek Bay, sail back and forth between the center of the city to the island, there is the Aquabus, and also the False Creek Ferry. These sail around the bay and make a few stops for tourist at attractions. Make sure to find out at which stops you want to get off on.

The ferries continuously run from 7:00 am to 10:30 pm in summer, and until 8:30 pm in winter.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/EChIyv_HQDg


A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/c5pziG6lxNE
Pantheon
Pantheon
#About the Temple of the Roman Gods

The Pantheon is one of the symbols of the Roman Empire, so popular, in fact, that it is always immediately associated with Rome. Pantheon means "all gods," since it was dedicated to the 12 Olympian gods.

The 16 Corinthian pillars were brought directly from Egypt and weigh no less than 60 tons each. They stand at the height of 12 meters and have a 1.5 meter diameter. These columns support the triangular roof of the structure, where an inscription explains how this building was built by Marcus Agrippa.

You will also see the graves of some Italian kings and that of the artist Raffaello Sanzio.

If you want to enhance the experience, come to Pantheon when it is raining. It is special to see the water entering through the holes in the ceiling before trickling down to the center of the building. In case you were wondering what happens to the water here, the floor is slanted in such a way that the water gathers quickly in the drainage holes. Another interesting point is that on April 21, when the sun rays hit the metal plate above the door, the entrance to the temple is quite a spectacular sight.

Opposite the Pantheon stands the impressive Pantheon fountain, built by the architect Giacomo della Forte in 1575 and carved by Leonardo Sormani. Later on, pharaoh's obelisk from Egypt, dolphin carvings and a new base were added.



#The Ceiling of the Pantheon

One of the most interesting things about the Pantheon is its amazing ceiling, which is constructed as a dome on the roof of the building. Its diameter is 43 meters and at its center you will see a skylight called Okulos. Through this opening, light showers down into the building creating a beautiful atmosphere. This is the only light source in the structure and its diameter is 8 meters.

This dome of the ceiling is the largest in the world without support. Do not take it for granted, as it was a rather challenging architectural feat. Due to the massive weight of the dome, and in order to avoid its collapsing, the Roman engineers tried to make it weight as little as possible as they designed the ceiling to be higher. This was also the reason that the upper parts of the dome are made of lighter materials and have more internal spaces. Due to this interesting construction, the dome looks flatter from the outside than it really is.



#The Pantheon's History

The Pantheon was built in the year 27 AD following an order by Marcus Agrippa, commander of the Roman army and consul during the reign of Augustus. Following a fire that took place 60 years later, the building was completely burned down. It was rebuilt in 125 AD by Emperor Hadrian. The Pantheon was a temple, and in 609 it was converted to a church called Santa Maria Rotonda, though this was subsequently destroyed during the Middle Ages. It was the first time in history that a temple of idolatry became a Christian place of worship.



#What is the Pantheon? (Courtesy of Eureka.com)

The Pantheon in Rome is the most preserved building in the world, left over from the Roman period. It is the most ancient building in the world, still covered by its original ceiling and roof. This is one of the most impressive places in the city of Rome, a city with many fascinating archaeological sites.

Architecturally speaking, the Pantheon is a significant achievement in the ancient world, since the dome is made of concrete, from soil from Pozzolana. It is the largest domed structure in the ancient world and is so strong that it has survived to this day.

The word "Pantheon" means "rule of the gods" in Greek. In various ancient mythologies, such as Sumerian and Greek, this word described a temple. And indeed, the ancient Roman structure that remains intact to this day was originally used as a temple for all the gods - Pantheon.

However the Romans later changed its use to the court of the emperor, a law court, and after Christianity took over, it became a Christian church called Santa Maria Rotunda. It must be admitted that this is an interesting use of a structure originally intended for idol worship and contained a number of altars dedicated to the many gods of the ancient world.

The date of the inauguration of the Pantheon as a gift to the Pope, by Emperor Phocas, is celebrated to this day by the Christian world as "Halloween Night." Among those buried in the floor of the Pantheon is the painter Raphael and the kings of Italy.



#Tips

There are guided tours of the Pantheon free of charge. There is no need to book a spot in advance.

The Pantheon is one of the most popular sites in Rome. Still, it is not very crowded here. If you want to see it in a pleasant way, it is best to arrive after 4:00 pm.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8rx6-sjKBTg


Vancouver
English Bay Beach
#About Vancouver's Sunset Beach

English Bay Beach, also called First Beach, is located along Beach Avenue, between Gilford and Bidwell Streets. This is a crowded beach in the area of the city center, near Vancouver's downtown.

English Bay Beach is known as the beach with the most beautiful sunsets in Vancouver, what guarantees that it will be fun to come with a little wine and snack, a romantic meal in front of the sunset. Or you can sit at the popular Cactus Club Cafe with the great food and patio, nice and luxurious, in front of the amazing sunset.

Athlete and sport lovers will have a good time along the English Bay beach. Through here, the Stanley Park Seawall passes, a running and biking trail that is very popular in the city.


The Beautiful English Bay Sunsets:

https://youtu.be/PtclhW4JBKQ


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/ywpPxbo6FyA


A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/2S1ktsr-J8Q
Kits Beach
#About the Cool Vancouver Beach

Vancouver sits on the Pacific coast and has wonderful beaches and rare mountain views around. Spending time on beaches here in the summer is a pleasure.

Kits Beach in the city is a great and young beach and one of the city's favorite places, especially for swimming, jogging and flying kites. Others prefer to get to sunbathe, play in the sand and play beach volleyball games, do yoga and rest.

There are beautiful lawns on this beach, a grove of wonderful maple trees, boats and ships that run opposite and a host of birds. It also has a wonderful view of the downtown Vancouver skyline and the city as a whole.

The beach, also known as Kitsilano Beach, is actually the canopy of the Kitsilano neighborhood, which in the 1960's was a hippie neighborhood and a real crook. Today it is an expensive neighborhood in the city and the charm of the cool young people of the past has almost disappeared, but something of the fragrance of the past remains.

In addition to the various sports facilities on Kitsilano Beach, it also has the longest swimming pool in Canada - a very impressive pool with salt water.

So even though there are better beaches for swimming, the beach is also free and fun to enjoy, especially because of the wonderful atmosphere. So if you're looking for a beach in town, you're likely to find it here.


#Tips

Bringing a dog? - Kits Beach also has a separate dog beach, where you can spend time with your pet.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/kLHMM2uLNag


Photos of the Beach Throughout the year:

https://youtu.be/oQMBgN2MMgM
Vancouver Waterfront
#About the Viewpoint over the Water

The Waterfront in Vancouver is filled with tourists, but is one of the nicest places in the city.

At the Vancouver waterfront there is a view like no other. In front of you an impressive port is reflected, with large orange cranes, that look like huge and intimidating grasshoppers.

There are many different boats and yachts docked here, that leave for the ocean and come back. On the waterfront are the most expensive hotels in the city.

From far away you can see the mountains and the river, and seaplanes landing not far away.

Wandering around the waterfront you can see some unique palm trees. Vancouver, located so north on the continent, is one of the only places in Canada where palm trees grow.

From the waterfront you can see one of the most beautiful sunsets in the city. Look for Canada Place, a building with 5 sails, considered one of the symbols of the city of Vancouver. Many people think of a sailboat when they see it, and others think of an upside-down ship.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/OTyxsjBEscY?t=10m39s&end=12m45s
The Spanish Steps
#About the Staircase

The Spanish Steps of Rome connect Piazza di Spagna and Piazza Trinità dei Monti. Try to count how many steps you take during climbing, as there are more than 100 steps here. Many more. How many did you manage to count?

This staircase was built between 1723 and 1727 by the architect Francesco de Sanctis, financed by the French diplomat Stefano Gufierre. Ironically, French-sponsored stairs are called the Spanish Steps!

As you can imagine, at the time this construction cost a lot of money. The stairs connected the Spanish embassy to the church and the Vatican, so they were immediately called the Spanish Steps.

The Spanish square was once a residential center and a gathering spot of many European artists and writers. The well-known poet John Keats lived in a house near the square where he also died in 1821. His house became a museum in his memory.

Since we are mentioning the arts, perhaps you came across this staircase in the famous scene from the film "Holiday in Rome" (1953). The two heroes passed these steps in one of the scenes in the film. You must not miss this place!

At the bottom of the stairs you can see the "boat fountain" or the barcaccia - the old boat. This was built by the father of the famous artist Bernini. The theme of ​​the fountain came after the Tiber River flooded the entire area and the boat drifted up to this spot. Beautiful statues of biblical figures such as King David and Moses were placed around it.


A closer look:

https://youtu.be/-3RN8NoOw8Q


A visit:

https://youtu.be/3jdNvh0dEJ0


Guidance:

https://youtu.be/IJqjmBHUzpY


Prohibition of sitting:

https://youtu.be/0dqAaqdDSP8
Church of Saint Maurice al Monastero Maggiore
#The Amazing Church of Milan

The Church of Saint Maurice al Monastero Maggiore (Chiesa di San Maurizio al Monastero Maggiore) is a 16th-century royal chapel and one of the most prominent landmarks of the city of Milan. Many see it as the hidden jewel of the city's crown. Even if the church is not impressive or special on the outside, when you enter it, you can understand why many here call it "the Sistine Chapel of Milan."

This church is breathtaking. The interior of the church is filled with frescoes, especially spectacular murals, painted by the artist Bernardino Luini, a painter who worked with Leonardo da Vinci. In many of the frescoes, Luini commemorated Ippolita Sforza and other donors who gave money for designing the chapel.

The heart-wrenching part is hidden from view. If you enter through a small door on the left side of the altar, you will come to an isolated hall where martyrs are shown, carrying their agonies in peace. Two of the sanctities are beautiful and Christian girls, who became holy, after being tortured because they refused to give themselves to the pagan Romans. They saw the beautiful-eyed Santa Lucia, whose eyes had been pierced because she had converted to Christianity, holding her lost eyes calmly. Beside her is a painting by St. Agatha, whose breasts were cut down by pagans and she carries them on a platter.

Originally the church was built on the remains of the Roman ancient city circus. It is built in the Renaissance style and is now managed by monks from a Christian religious order. Many consider it a mandatory site in Milan and they are not mistaken. This is one of the most beautiful sites in the city. If you have the chance to attend the church choir performance, you will enjoy your visit here even more and you will have one of your most special experiences in Milan.



#Tips

Entrance is free for visitors without a guide.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/XkasKx1Eumc


Another Look:

https://youtu.be/BU9EUG_cYEc
Palace of Charlottenburg
#About the Big Palace in Berlin

One of the most important Baroque buildings to survive in Berlin is also the biggest palace among 9 palaces in Berlin, the Palace of Charlottenburg (Schloss Charlottenburg). In its past Berlin was once the capital of the Prussian Empire. The palace is actually one of the most incredible remains of that time.

It was built between 1695 and 1699. Prince Frederick I gave the order to build it for his wife Sophie Charlotte. Following the death of the queen in 1705 the king decided to name the palace after her, Charlottenburg. In the following years it became the king’s summer housing.

In 1740, King Frederick II ascended the throne and lived in the palace for some time.

In 1952, a monument by Andreas Schlöter was placed here, with the prince riding his horse in the garden entrance to the palace.

Today visitors can view the permanent exhibit for Baroque furniture, ceramics, and other displays about the lifestyle of Prussia in the 17th and 18th centuries.



#The Palace’s History

The amazing palace was built between 1695-1699. Though the design was created by the court architect Johann Arnold Nering, the actual building was overlooked by Martin Grunberg after Nering’s death.

The palace has managed to maintain its ancient vibes, however throughout the years many architects have made changes to it.

Between the years 1702-1713 a Swedish architect Eusander von Gette added a building, a chapel and a greenhouse for oranges. In 1711 a statue was erected for the the goddess of fortune, Portuna, on the central roof.

In 1740, during Frederick II's stay in the palace, the royal architect Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff added the ‘new wing,’ continuing the main building from its eastern side.

In the year 1790 an addition was made to the "orange greenhouses" - the "Little Oranges," and in the years that followed a theater was also added, the Belvedere in the Palace Park, a Mausoleum and a Schinkel pavilion.

In World War II the palace was destroyed. Restoration and reconstruction of the rooms were based on photographs taken from before the war.



#About the Palace Gardens

In the 17th century, a long time before the outbreak of the war, Simone Gudu planned the palace gardens in the formal French style. He was greatly influenced by the French architect Andre La Notre. In 1788 the tea house was added to the garden. In 1810 the mausoleum was built for Queen Louise, and in 1825 the Neapolitan villa was built.

During the air raids of World War II, and during the Battle over Berlin, the palace gardens were almost completely burned.

The palace gardens were only partially reconstructed. Those who were restored remained in the formal French style, as they were in the 17th century, and the parts that were far from the palace were restored, but in English style. Today the palace gardens are used by the residents and the entrance to them is free.



#Tips

Children enter the palace for free.

Entrance to the gardens is free to the general public.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W0qNj2pa_Kc
Treptower Park
#About the South Berlin’s Park

Treptower Park is located on the Spree River bank in the Treptower quarter, in the south Berlin area. It was planned and designed by Gustav Meyer, the head garden engineer of Berlin at the time. It was built in 1878 for the better of the local community, which in itself makes the park innovative and groundbreaking. Why? At the time there weren’t many parks that were open to the public. In Treptower Park there are also special areas dedicated for sport, for the public to enjoy. This is a complete revolution for the consideration of quality of life for the public.

Towards the end of the 19th century, in 1896, a fair was held in the park called the ‘Berlin Trade Fair,’ and in 1958 more than 25,000 rose plants were planted in the gardens, creating a beautiful rose garden with a fountain.

However Treptower Park is most famous because of the war memorial that was built there after victory over Hitler and his government. Foundations for the memorial were laid in 1946, right at the end of World War II. Following this the Soviets decided to build a Soviet memorial instead. A large and impressive monument was built, that was open on 1949 as a part of the park, the size of 100,000 square meters.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=41BNMCcVlvQ
Obor Market
#About the Largest Market in Bucharest

Obor Market (Bucur Obor Piata) sits in a large building, and has been operating in Bucharest since the 18th century. Back then, merchants and farmers came here to sell their products, and the market was small and in the open air, like in many markets in European squares.

Today the market is covered. Its building has huge hangers spread over 16 streets! It was established the summer of 1940, and was renovated in 2009.

It might interest you to know that once, right here, in the 18th century this was a spot for public executions. Back then this was the main square for this purpose, and the public used to come here to watch these events, that used to be considered entertainment.

Today, the reality is a little different. Here you can find endless fruits and vegetables, meats, food products, clothes, bags, and shoes. This is an energetic market.


#Tips

Try getting to the market in the morning hours, when it is still empty of crowds. Afterwards it begins getting crowded.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/oPyegzpV6ZE
Mulholland Drive
#About the Street Famous from Movies

There are not many ways in the world that appear in movies and series and songs are written about. The excellent film by director and creator David Lynch, called "Mulholland Drive," perpetuates one of these - "Mulholland Drive" is one of the famous ways of Hollywood.

Indeed, the length of the famous road, "Mulholland Drive," is about 30 kilometers. This road extends from the mountainous eastern side of Santa Monica, through the Hollywood Hills where the famous Hollywood Sign is also located. It is one of the most beautiful roads of Los Angeles and offers spectacular views of the illuminated city, especially at night.

On the way there are a few stopping points where you can get an impression of the scenery, both day and night.

Mulholland Drive was paved in 1942 and after being filmed in countless movies and TV series, it is considered one of the most popular tourist destinations in Los Angeles.


Road Trip:

https://youtu.be/ygRlGHY2vuQ


A Typical Mulholland Drive House:

https://youtu.be/fgiBDRohGdg


Movie Trailer from Mulholland Drive:

https://youtu.be/jbZJ487oJlY


Museo Nacional de Artes Decorativas
#About the Museum of Hand Made Works of Spain

Since it was established in 1912, the Museo Nacional de Artes Decorativas has been an active museum in Madrid. This museum for decorative arts overlooks Retiro Park and is located in a place that in the 19th century was one of the aristocratic areas in the city.

The museum displays amazing hand made works, from the best art pieces of Spain. There are hand made glass items, jewelry, leather items, embroidery, ceramics, tiles, furniture and more.

The emphasis here is as diverse as possible, displaying only works that are hand made. There are works and tools from all regions of Spain. Items displayed here were created in different periods throughout the history of Spain, especially between the 15th to 19th centuries.

The museum also displayed an impressive collection of art from the far east.



#Tips

The entrance into the temporary exhibits is free of charge.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/5T-1ELSftW0


Photos from the Museum:

https://youtu.be/lKwYZ9DFK0Q
Tin Hau Temple
#About the Temple Center for the Goddess of the Sea

The Tin Hau Temple is a beautiful temple, at the heart of Kowloon on the seashore. It is considered the most ancient temple around Hong Kong.

In the complex, developed in 1868, are 5 small temples all bound together. The complex is dedicated to Tin Hau, the Chinese goddess of the sea. In Hong Kong alone there are over 60 temples dedicated to her.

In the temple, as in many other temples to Tin Hau, you can join the celebrations for the goddess of the sea. For hundreds of years the birthday of the goddess has been a holiday in Hong Kong, combined with a festival and big celebrations. During the festival there is the main event - a flotilla of decorated fishing boats departing from Kowloon and arriving at the Tin Hau Temple.

Also, the celebrations include colorful parades, with Kung Fu shows, drummers, dancers, and dragons and lions. For metropolitan Hong Kong, these celebrations hold a special place of tradition, a connection between the glorious past of the region and citizens, and today.



#Tips

In the Tin Hau Temple, you can meet a fortune teller that will tell you your future.

Entrance to the temple is free.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/R7rXf4grmxE



The Dragon Ceremony in the Tin Hau Festival:

https://youtu.be/Ac36Zdt2Mg8



A Visit:

https://youtu.be/uEUAoLy_KsI
Kadoorie Farm
#About Hong Kong's Botanical Gardens

The Botanic Garden in the Kadoorie Farm are Botanical Gardens and a green farm, located on the northern hillsides of Tai Mo Shan Mountain. This is the tallest mountain in Hong Kong and is located at the center of the New Territories.

Kadoorie Farm was established in 1950, with the purpose of giving support and assistance to the local poor farmers. It is located in a forest with a running river. The farm and Botanical Gardens around have education and preservation facilities. The purpose of studying here is raising awareness about human impact on nature and the interactions between man and his surroundings. The purpose is to change, improve, and strengthen preservation among visitors.


#Tips

The entrance to the Botanical Gardens is free.

Donations are warmly welcomed.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/wJYJGQ7EkQU


A Guide:

https://youtu.be/XL7kO4yf58I
Dragon's Back
#About the Hiking Trail with the Special View of Hong Kong

The Dragon's Back hike is considered one of the prettiest hikes in Hong Kong. It is best to do the hike when there is good visibility and warm sun, but not too hot. The fall months are perfect for this trail.

Actually, this is the 8th section of the longer Hong Kong Trail. The hike of Dragon's Back gives great viewpoints of the city from different and interesting points. On one side you will see the large skyscrapers, which you will be looking down to. On the other side, you will see the panoramic view of the Hong Kong beach line.

The hike is highly recommended. The walk is through a green mountain range, whose shape reminds the back of a dragon, and from here its name. While on the walk you will see breathtaking views of the surrounding bays and the forest-covered mountains. You can combine your hike with a visit to the picturesque village Shek-O, or Big Wave beach nearby.



#Tips

The starting point of the trail is from Tin Wan

The length of the hike is about 3 hours.

If you arrive in Stanely Village you can combine the walk either on your way there or back.

At the end of the trail return to the train station and from there to your hotel.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/3yB7HIFlCro


A Visit:

https://youtu.be/CB4ukvB7Djw


A Guide:

https://youtu.be/3LKBCFjlzbc
Natural History Museum
Vereniging Museumhaven
Mouth of Truth
Villa Ada Park
People's Square


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.