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Museo Nacional de Artes Decorativas
Museo Nacional de Artes Decorativas
#About the Museum of Hand Made Works of Spain

Since it was established in 1912, the Museo Nacional de Artes Decorativas has been an active museum in Madrid. This museum for decorative arts overlooks Retiro Park and is located in a place that in the 19th century was one of the aristocratic areas in the city.

The museum displays amazing hand made works, from the best art pieces of Spain. There are hand made glass items, jewelry, leather items, embroidery, ceramics, tiles, furniture and more.

The emphasis here is as diverse as possible, displaying only works that are hand made. There are works and tools from all regions of Spain. Items displayed here were created in different periods throughout the history of Spain, especially between the 15th to 19th centuries.

The museum also displayed an impressive collection of art from the far east.



#Tips

The entrance into the temporary exhibits is free of charge.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/5T-1ELSftW0


Photos from the Museum:

https://youtu.be/lKwYZ9DFK0Q
Valle de Los Caidos
Valle de Los Caidos
#About the Megalomaniac Memorial Site for War Victims of the Spanish Civil War

The Spanish Civil War took place between 1936-1939, and was a hard war with many victims. One of the sites to honor the victims, and the most impressive one, is the Valle de Los Caidos.

The large monument is impressive, and located next to Madrid, in the Guadarama Mountain range. It was built between 1940-1958.

The monument is made from a large wide space, that from the start was meant for a place for ceremonies to take place, in the memory of the fallen, and for the new government. However, these ceremonies never took place, and after the opening ceremony, the space has never been used again.

In the monument there is also the longest church in the world. This is a basilica whose length is 262 meters. It was cut through the stone at a depth of 250 meters, by prisoners of the Republic. The construction was difficult, and many workers died during this time. Above the door at the entrance to the church you can see the statue by Pietà of Juan de Avaros.

Above the church, you can see a huge cross, at the height of 150 meters above the tall mountain. This cross can be seen from far away. If you climb to the base of the cross, you will see a magnificent view of the entire area.

The idea to construct this monument came from General Francisco Franco, at the one-year anniversary of his victory and power over Spain. He announced his plans for this special site, where victims would be commemorated. His purpose was to try and heal the wounded nation, and bring it back to its feet. This is after the trauma of the Civil War, where many Spaniards were hurt, either in Franco's armies or on the other side. 40,000 soldiers that fought in that war, on either side, were buried here.

By the way, years later, Franco was also buried alongside these soldiers. Next to him is also buried his friend and Fascist political party organizer Primo de Rivera.






A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/Hn9hTpbU5kE


A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/XOY6ZjAm95s
Palacio de Cristal
Palacio de Cristal
#About the Impressive Glass Building in the Heart of Parque del Buen Retiro

In the Parque del Buen Retiro in Madrid, at the corner of the small lake in the park, is an impressive glass building called Palacio de Cristal.

This is a special glass building, that was built in 1887, that was used as a greenhouse for exotic plants that were brought from the Philipines.

Actually, the Palacio de Cristal is more than just a designed greenhouse. This is a luxury greenhouse. The one who designed it is architect Ricardo Velázquez Bosco, the same person who designed the Kew Palace and Gardens in England.

Today, the Palacio de Cristal is one of the most beautiful buildings in the park, and is mainly used to display temporary art and exhibits by modern artists. As home to these exhibitions and a free extension of the Reina Sofia Modern Art Museum, this special palace is itself a kind of almost modern artistic creation.


#Tips

Entrance is free.

Be sure not to confuse Palacio de Cristal with Casón del Buen Retiro, another museum in the park displaying paintings from the 19th century and on, including works by the Spanish Impressionist Joaquín Sorolla.


A Closer Look at the Crystal Building in the Parque del Buen Retiro:

https://youtu.be/OyOVkdPfxfQ


Another Look:

https://youtu.be/B5T95R0RE3U
San Jeronimo el Real
San Jeronimo el Real
#About the Church that Made History

In the San Jeronimo el Real, democracy was officially announced in Spain. This happened on November 20, 1975, with the crowning of Juan Carlos I, the grandson of King Alfonso, as the King of Spain.

San Jeronimo el Real, near the Prado Museum, is a Catholic Church from the 16th century. The church, a part of a former monastery, went through many renovations in the past centuries, that succeeded in almost completely hiding the original look of the building.

Throughout history the church was used as a shelter for the Kings of Spain, and was the place where many Parliament members were sworn in. Here, the marriage of King Alfonso XIII took place, in a ceremony for which stairs were built towards the road, so the entrance from the road will be more impressive.

Inside the church, you can see today a variety of paintings and impressive statues, as well as typical glass windows.



#Tips

Entrance to the church is free.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/Im_an3yA_WA


From the Inside:

https://youtu.be/GFvhZmA_A3g

Free in Madrid

Parque del Oeste
Parque del Oeste
#About the Park with the Egyptian Temple and Skates

Parque del Oeste is a designed park from the 21st century, with a beautiful view and a special atmosphere.

The park is located on the side of a hill, overlooking the Manzanares River. At the southern edge, on the Principe Pio Hill, there is the Debod Temple, an Egyptian Temple from the 4th century AD. The temple was brought here when the area, in southern Egypt, where it was located, was flooded by Lake Nasser.

Climb to the top of Parque del Oeste, to the Paseo Pintor de Rosales walkway, from which you can look at the park from above and watch amazing sunsets. Along the walkway are cafes where many of the cities well-off residents tend to sit.




A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/1LA0VU6Tr2c


A Visit:

https://youtu.be/uKpySNY35is?t=17s
Parque del Buen Retiro
Parque del Buen Retiro
#About the Park Whose Gardeners are Considered Artists

Parque del Buen Retiro is a central and important park in the Spanish capital, and the most beautiful. Its beauty and maintenance are special, and this is what has won the hearts of the Madrid residents.

The park, whose name translates to "nice and relaxing," is also a sculptor garden, and a place for relaxing in the middle of the busy city. So, if you were looking for a place to rest a little from the trip - this is the perfect place to pass the time.

The garden was established in 1633, in the time of King Philip IV. It should not be surprising that this area was used as his hunting grounds.

Water fountains, wooded groves, organized flower beds, neo-Classical columns, and impressive statues, all this can be seen here. If you like sailing, at the heart of the park there is a beautiful garden just for that.

Near the lake you can see the Alfonso XII monument, the large monument has a column in the center, and on top a statue of the king on a horse. The monument is in memory of the King of Spain.

One of the most beautiful buildings in the park is the Palacio de Cristal, a glass building that was built in 1887 and was a greenhouse. Today, it is an exhibit space.

Notice the statue of the devil located in the southern end of the park. It is located near the rose garden, and right nearby there is the largest book market in Madrid.

The population that comes here is usually really varied. It includes families with children, couples, and students from the area. It is only natural that performers would come here, like jugglers and artists, that come to show off their skills.

Many family attractions are offered for visitors: starting from sporting facilities, fountains and picnic areas, street performers and artists.



#Tips

Bring a bottle of premade sangria, that can be purchased in ever supermarket or kiosk, and take a few hours in the park.

In the park there is a free wing of the Reina Sofía Museum for modern art. Enjoy!



A Closer Look at the Parque del Buen Retiro:

https://youtu.be/e4psU2ORWZo


Another Look:

https://youtu.be/rEaRw7KX5ZQ
CaixaForum Madrid
CaixaForum Madrid
#About the Modern Exhibits and the Hanging Gardens

CaixaForum Madrid is an art gallery, most of the exhibits here are temporary and constantly changing, dedicated to modern art. Every now and then retrospective exhibits are shown in the 6-floor gallery, dedicated to known artists that are not necessarily modern.

Not any less than the modern art displayed here, the CaixaForum Madrid received its fame from the eclectic and interesting design.

This begins with the hanging gardens that cover the walls that have been expertly planted here. The verticle garden here is in touch with Royal Botanical Gardens of Madrid, located in El Retiro Park nearby.

To combine this verticle garden with the building, the best architects were brought to design the building, the well-known Swedish architects Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron. French botanist Patrick Blank, who is also an expert in these gardens, was also brought to help.

The building, which in the past was used as a powerhouse, the architects added more floors that were painted red. With the additional space, the architects created a modern and colorful space, interesting and special, which corresponds to and does not deny the materials and usability of the original structure and also preserves green and respectful awareness of the environment, while creating a contrast between its part and the time.



#Tips

The entrance to the gallery is totally free.


A Look at the Face of the Gallery:

https://youtu.be/fwkPsH2D4Yw


Another Look at the CaixaForum:

https://youtu.be/tHh3SMsJkZE


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

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שלום,
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