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Fontana Delle Tartarughe
Turtle Fountain
#About the Turtle Fountain

Rome is full of various fountains. In almost every square you reach, you will find another impressive fountain. The fact that they were designed and built by the greatest architects and sculptors, turns wandering in Rome into an adventure.

The Turtle Fountain (Fontana Delle Tartarughe) in Little Mattei Square, a square built by the wealthy Mattei family, is located in the Jewish ghetto of Rome. In contrast to the statues which characterize Rome, which are often made of marble, this one is made of high-quality bronze.

Its construction was completed in 1588. Originally, the statue depicted four young men leaning on dolphins at the bottom of the fountain and sending their hands up to support other dolphins above.

Some 70 years after the completion of the construction of the fountain, the upper dolphins were replaced by small tortoises made by the sculptor and architect Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini. This remains the statue to this day, so the name of the fountain is Turtle Fountain.
Parco di Villa Ada
Villa Ada Park
#About the Park with the Lake

While other parks in Rome are famous for fountains and statues, Villa Ada Park (Parco di Villa Ada) is a natural park, or rather woods, filled with oak and pine trees. In the clearing, there is a beautiful lake with an island at the center. If you are looking for a quiet spot, a local gem rather than a tourist venue, you've come to the right place.

Villa Ada Park is one of the largest public parks in Rome. It offers running tracks and hiking trails, relaxing by the lake and enjoying the wildlife of the park. You can catch moments of tranquility, and find refuge from the bustle of the city before returning to tour Rome’s many attractions.

Villa Ada was once home to the Italian family. King Vittorio Emanuele II, the first king of united Italy, chose the place as his permanent home in the 19th century.

Today the park serves the residents of Rome as the perfect spot for a picnic, ball games and sports, horseback riding, canoeing, or various events which take place on the grounds of the Villa Ada. The most famous event is the world music festival "Roma Incontra il Mondo," held here every summer.



#Tips

It’s better to arrive by bus, but you can enjoy a nice walk if you choose the metro.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/I2Yz__me3fY
Villa Glori
Villa Glori
#Rome's Forgotten Park

Villa Glori Park sits on a hill 56 meters high, around the villa, which was designed by the architect Raphael, built during the years 1923-1924.

The park is dedicated to the memory of the brothers Enrico and Giovanni Cairoli. The two brothers attempted to carry out a coup in 1867 to unite Italy and turn Rome into the capital.

The park, created as a memory park for the two, is perhaps one of the least known parks in Rome, but locals enjoy playgrounds where their children can ride ponies.

You can also come to the park for a romantic outing, or for a short break from the bustle of the city.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/fiy9L2FaGbk
Villa Doria Pamphili
Villa Doria Pamphili
#The Largest Park in Rome

As the largest public park in Rome, Villa Doria Pamphili Park is a convenient spot for relaxation from the bustling city. This park is less than 2 km from Vatican City and you can rest there, between visits to the famous sites and the long lines.

Like most parks in the city, this park once belonged to one of the aristocratic families of Rome. It remains simple and pleasant and the atmosphere is nostalgic. Italian can be heard here, as the locals spend their downtime in the park.

The park is built around Villa Doria Pamphili. The large and luxurious villa was built in the 17th century, during the Baroque period, for Prince Camilo Pamphili, who was the Pope's nephew.

There are no special attractions in the park, but you can spend an hour of leisure and take in the view, or join the runners on its path or walk. Enjoy!



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K7ViQVSSE3E

Free in Rome

Bocca della Verit
Mouth of Truth
#The Sewage Cover that Became an Oracl

The Mouth of Truth (Bocca della Verità) has the engraving of a human face. According to legend, it is meant to resemble Triton, the son of the sea god Poseidon. However, curiously, the statue filled the role of a "polygraph" for hundreds of years in order to discern if someone was lying.

Legend has it that if you put your hand into the mouth of the Bocca della Verità and say something, the statue will distinguish truth from falsehood. The rumor strengthened in the Middle Ages, this mouth was used as a real machine to verify the credibility of speakers who, if they lied, received a bite to the outstretched hand. Historical sources have tried to give a credible explanation. One theory is that some priests hid scorpions inside it in order to frighten liars into telling the truth.

The statue is located under the Church of Santa Maria in the center of Rome. It is probably a remnant of an ancient fountain in Rome from the first century, but this is only one hypothesis about the origin of the sculpture. It is also possible that it covered a Roman sewer that survived to this day and received an impressive status. Hard to believe but true, the Romans had a sewage system, even in those early days…

The sculpture was also mentioned in the cinema. It was in the 1953 film "Holiday in Rome," starring Audrey Hepburn and Gregory Peck. In the film, the hero tells the heroine about the widespread belief around the statue. She puts her hand into the statue's mouth and rejoices in peace. When he puts his hand in, his hand is "bitten" ... until he exposes it to the heroine.



Here is the Excerpt from the Famous Film:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6af1dAc9rXo
Fontana Di Trevi
Trevi Fountain
#About the Trevi Fountain or Fontana di Trevi

The largest and most nostalgic of European fountains is undoubtedly the Trevi Fountain (Fontana di Trevi). No matter what time you arrive here, in the bright morning or in the middle of the night, there are many people milling about. During the evening and through the night there are spectacular lights illuminating the entire area, the fountain in particular. A beautiful sight worth seeing ...

In the fountain you'll see Neptune, the God of the sea, riding a chariot in the shape of a shell. His statue is located in the center of the fountain in an alcove. Beside this statue there are other statues depicting marine creatures that help him "tame the water." On both sides of Neptune you will see two other niches, one of which is a statue of the god of abundance and the other of health.

The fountain was built by the architect Nicola Salvi and was designed by several artists from the Bernini School. The title was given to it because of the adjacent neighborhood "Trevi" (the phrase Tre vie), indicating that this is the nexus between three main roads of the city. The tourists gave it the nickname "Fountain of Wishes."

There are quite a few strange customs associated with this fountain, the familiar among them is the tossing of coins by tourists, which will ensure the fulfillment of their wishes. It is rumored that these wishes will be fulfilled by drinking the water of the fountain, although we absolutely do not recommend it.



#History of the Fountain

This is the point where one of Rome's canals ended which brought water to the city from 20 kilometers away, built in 19 BC. This aqueduct
was called Virgin River, after the young Virgin Trevi, who showed the Roman soldiers to this stream of water.

By the way, the construction of fountains at the point where the aqueducts ended (aqueducts) was a well-known custom of the Romans. In 1453 the pool was added to the fountain by Pope Nicholas V.

Nearly 200 years later, in 1629, Pope Urban VIII invited Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini, the great Baroque architect, to plan a renovation of the fountain and the pool, wanting it to be more grandiose. Although these plans didn't come to fruition, it inspired future plans.

Indeed, about 100 years later, Pope Clemens initiated a massive renovation of the fountain by the architect Nicola Salvi. The works began in 1732 and ended in 1762, after the two died - both the Pope and the architect ...



#Tossing Coins into the Fountain

Legend has it that tossing a coin into the fountain will ensure the return of those who had thrown them back to Rome. It also ensures the fulfillment of the wishes of the coin tossers. You're probably asking yourself where this strange legend came from. Well, the source is probably a book written by John Hermes Scondari in 1952 called "Coins in the Fountain." The book tells of three figures who throw coins into the fountain and then find themselves in more or less positive romantic situations. This led, among other things, to the rumor that throwing three coins into a fountain would guarantee marriage - or divorce.

Every night, the fountain floor is estimated to be worth about three thousand euros. This is despite the fact that the value of each coin is not high, but their quantity reaches this value. These coins are collected by the City of Rome. The municipality itself uses them to finance a supermarket that provides free products to the needy.

Do not try to get coins from here. From time to time Rome's police stop private people trying to pluck coins from the floor of the pool.
Piazza del Popolo
People's Square
#The People's Square in Rome

People's Square (Piazza del Popolo), is a central spot in Rome. It is located near the Porta Flaminia, the entrance gate to Ancient Rome. This is the first peek that many visitors get of Rome. Today there are only remnants of the Arch and the name has been changed to "Popolo Gate," like the square where it stands.

This piazza is a significant part of historical events. It is not only the entrance to Ancient Rome. Speeches were given here and performances such as horse racing. Another famous event was the riderless horses, whose departure point was this square.

In the past, this piazza was also the site for executions, the last of which took place in 1826. Nowadays the square is open to pedestrians only and is a central meeting place in the city. You will see street performances and local and international artists. There have also been quite a few demonstrations here, such as those of 2010, as well as a few that got out of control. In the evening you can see the young people of Rome who come to see and be seen.



#Architecture of the Square and its Exhibits

In 1818 the architect Giuseppe Valadier was assigned to redesign the square. It is thanks to his genius that the square is as beautiful and impressive as it is today. His style was Neo- classical.

Over the years, various rulers have added more objects to the square to glorify their own names. One of them was the Egyptian Obelisk from the time of Ramses II (13th century BCE), which was placed in the center of the square, the Obelisco Flaminio and the second oldest obelisk in Rome, 24 meters tall, and together with its base is no less than 36 meters high. On the obelisk are hieroglyphs describing the life and the time period of the king of Egypt. Water pools at the foot of the obelisk are made of marble and are surrounded by marble lions made in the 19th century. Four small fountains surround it, which have Egyptian characteristics to fit in with the obelisk.

The obelisk was brought to this square by the architect Ernesto Domenico Fontana in 1589, for the obelisk had previously stood in another square.

On both sides of the square you can see the beautiful water fountains, designed by Giovanni Sicherini in 1822-1823. In the square you can also see three impressive churches, among them the Church of Santa Maria del Popolo, "Maria of the People".
Parco del Gianicolo
Gianicolo Park
#The Park Overlooking Rome

Apart from being a wonderful park for a pleasant stroll and relaxation, Gianicolo Park (Parco del Gianicolo), situated on a hill west of the city, is known for its panoramic view of Rome at its special observation point.

If you hear gunshots while you are in the park, there is no need to be alarmed. This is part of the ceremony of cannon fire which takes place at noon every day in the plaza of the main building of the park. This daily ritual is part of the tradition since 1847.

The park also offers children activities, such as the marionette theater, horseback riding, bumper cars and more. It is especially worth watching marionette operators, skilled artists working puppets on a string, an experience the children will not forget.

If you are not tired of churches, go to the church of San Pietro in Montorio and observe the Baroque fountain called "Fontana dell'Acqua Paola."


Villa Borghese park
Villa Borghese Park
#About the Park that Children Enjoy

Villa Borghese Park is a large and pleasant urban park, and is in fact the second largest public park in Rome, after Villa Doria Pamphili.

The park is named after Pope Borghese, who built the famous Villa Borghese and the surrounding garden between 1613-1616 as a gift to his family.

The park is state property dating back to 1902 and offers travelers an enjoyable and wonderful place to rest and relax, along with entertainments for children, such as boating, feeding ducks and more. There are bike rentals available and pony rides.

Alongside the extensive lawns, Borghese Park has a man-made lake, and the typical variety of statues and fountains, small and ancient temples which can be suddenly discovered and more. There is also the magnificent Villa Borghese, which is a museum you might want to visit. There are also other museums, such as the Villa Julia Museum and the National Museum of Modern Art.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QkvNWGNHLMo
The Spanish Steps
#About the Staircase

The Spanish Steps of Rome connect Piazza di Spagna and Piazza Trinità dei Monti. Try to count how many steps you take during climbing, as there are more than 100 steps here. Many more. How many did you manage to count?

This staircase was built between 1723 and 1727 by the architect Francesco de Sanctis, financed by the French diplomat Stefano Gufierre. Ironically, French-sponsored stairs are called the Spanish Steps!

As you can imagine, at the time this construction cost a lot of money. The stairs connected the Spanish embassy to the church and the Vatican, so they were immediately called the Spanish Steps.

The Spanish square was once a residential center and a gathering spot of many European artists and writers. The well-known poet John Keats lived in a house near the square where he also died in 1821. His house became a museum in his memory.

Since we are mentioning the arts, perhaps you came across this staircase in the famous scene from the film "Holiday in Rome" (1953). The two heroes passed these steps in one of the scenes in the film. You must not miss this place!

At the bottom of the stairs you can see the "boat fountain" or the barcaccia - the old boat. This was built by the father of the famous artist Bernini. The theme of ​​the fountain came after the Tiber River flooded the entire area and the boat drifted up to this spot. Beautiful statues of biblical figures such as King David and Moses were placed around it.
Piazza di Spagna
#About the Piazza with the Staircase

The Piazza di Spagna, built in the 18th century, is the square that became very popular to tourists thanks to the Spanish stairs that ascend to the Church of Trinita di Monti. These steps are by far the most popular meeting point for tourists arriving in Rome.

At the center of the square you will find the Fontana della Barcaccia. This fountain was designed by the renowned architect and sculptor Bernini in 1598. At the center of the fountain you will notice the statue of the little ship. The inspiration for the statue is from a real ship that got stuck in the Tiber River and could not move.

Around the Spanish square are some of the city's glittering and elegant streets. Are you interested in purchasing or window-shopping for some Prada or Gucci? - Head out into the surrounding streets, where Rome's most prestigious shops are located.

Among the houses surrounding square is the home of the poet John Keats, one of the most important romantic poets of England, who moved to Italy on the orders of his doctors after the English weather harmed his health. Today the house functions as a museum named after him.

Another attraction in the square is the 15th century palace of the talented Italian general Lorenzo Sibu. Among his ancestors were, among others, the rich Medici and two Popes.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/-3RN8NoOw8Q
Pantheon
#About the Temple of the Roman Gods

The Pantheon is one of the symbols of the Roman Empire, so popular, in fact, that it is always immediately associated with Rome. Pantheon means "all gods," since it was dedicated to the 12 Olympian gods.

The 16 Corinthian pillars were brought directly from Egypt and weigh no less than 60 tons each. They stand at the height of 12 meters and have a 1.5 meter diameter. These columns support the triangular roof of the structure, where an inscription explains how this building was built by Marcus Agrippa.

You will also see the graves of some Italian kings and that of the artist Raffaello Sanzio.

If you want to enhance the experience, come to Pantheon when it is raining. It is special to see the water entering through the holes in the ceiling before trickling down to the center of the building. In case you were wondering what happens to the water here, the floor is slanted in such a way that the water gathers quickly in the drainage holes. Another interesting point is that on April 21, when the sun rays hit the metal plate above the door, the entrance to the temple is quite a spectacular sight.

Opposite the Pantheon stands the impressive Pantheon fountain, built by the architect Giacomo della Forte in 1575 and carved by Leonardo Sormani. Later on, pharaoh's obelisk from Egypt, dolphin carvings and a new base were added.



#The Ceiling of the Pantheon

One of the most interesting things about the Pantheon is its amazing ceiling, which is constructed as a dome on the roof of the building. Its diameter is 43 meters and at its center you will see a skylight called Okulos. Through this opening, light showers down into the building creating a beautiful atmosphere. This is the only light source in the structure and its diameter is 8 meters.

This dome of the ceiling is the largest in the world without support. Do not take it for granted, as it was a rather challenging architectural feat. Due to the massive weight of the dome, and in order to avoid its collapsing, the Roman engineers tried to make it weight as little as possible as they designed the ceiling to be higher. This was also the reason that the upper parts of the dome are made of lighter materials and have more internal spaces. Due to this interesting construction, the dome looks flatter from the outside than it really is.



#The Pantheon's History

The Pantheon was built in the year 27 AD following an order by Marcus Agrippa, commander of the Roman army and consul during the reign of Augustus. Following a fire that took place 60 years later, the building was completely burned down. It was rebuilt in 125 AD by Emperor Hadrian. The Pantheon was a temple, and in 609 it was converted to a church called Santa Maria Rotonda, though this was subsequently destroyed during the Middle Ages. It was the first time in history that a temple of idolatry became a Christian place of worship.



#What is the Pantheon? (Courtesy of Eureka.com)

The Pantheon in Rome is the most preserved building in the world, left over from the Roman period. It is the most ancient building in the world, still covered by its original ceiling and roof. This is one of the most impressive places in the city of Rome, a city with many fascinating archaeological sites.

Architecturally speaking, the Pantheon is a significant achievement in the ancient world, since the dome is made of concrete, from soil from Pozzolana. It is the largest domed structure in the ancient world and is so strong that it has survived to this day.

The word "Pantheon" means "rule of the gods" in Greek. In various ancient mythologies, such as Sumerian and Greek, this word described a temple. And indeed, the ancient Roman structure that remains intact to this day was originally used as a temple for all the gods - Pantheon.

However the Romans later changed its use to the court of the emperor, a law court, and after Christianity took over, it became a Christian church called Santa Maria Rotunda. It must be admitted that this is an interesting use of a structure originally intended for idol worship and contained a number of altars dedicated to the many gods of the ancient world.

The date of the inauguration of the Pantheon as a gift to the Pope, by Emperor Phocas, is celebrated to this day by the Christian world as "Halloween Night." Among those buried in the floor of the Pantheon is the painter Raphael and the kings of Italy.



#Tips

There are guided tours of the Pantheon free of charge. There is no need to book a spot in advance.

The Pantheon is one of the most popular sites in Rome. Still, it is not very crowded here. If you want to see it in a pleasant way, it is best to arrive after 4:00 pm.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8rx6-sjKBTg


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

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בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.