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Praga
Praga
#About the Trendy Warsaw District

If Warsaw's history interesting to you, the Praga district is one of the places where you can actually feel it. The neighborhood is full of industrial complexes from the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. It is surrounded by Soviet residential buildings and has many groves and smooth green vegetation.

Pay attention to the interesting detail. In one of the courtyards in the quarter is a statue of Madonna with candles and flowers in front of it. It is a symbol of the residents' creative solution to the curfew problem that prevailed during World War II. The residents built themselves local prayer areas, which were, in fact, a substitute for church services.

It is recommended to avoid entering the yards (neglected, to be noted) of the houses during the dark or from photographing the windows of people's homes. There are quite a few apartments here that are worn out, almost falling apart, but despite the neglect of the area, there is a great connection between the residents of the area.



#About Praga's History

Old and historical Praga was actually a small settlement that sat on the east bank of the Vistula River, right in front of Old Warsaw. At that time wooden houses were built here, and Praga suffered a few fires.

Over the years attempts were made to connect it to Warsaw via bridges, but it did not work. It remained a separate city even in the 18th century, and the connection between them was expressed only through the ferries or the passage on the frozen river. In the end, the neighborhood was connected to Warsaw at the end of the 18th century.

However, it is important to note that the detachment from Warsaw was probably what preserved Praga during World War II from damage and destruction. This is also the reason why it later assumed an important role during the reconstruction of Warsaw - meanwhile, the public institutions of Warsaw were being housed there.

To this day there is a sort of separation between the two areas. The neighborhoods of the Praga quarter are considered dubious neighborhoods in the eyes of Warsaw residents, and the only reasons for which the Warsawites would come here might be a soccer match at the stadium or a visit to the city zoo.



A Closer Look at the Praga district:

https://youtu.be/d3QU_9UcIQg
Warsaw Ghetto
Warsaw Ghetto
#About the Ghetto Where the Jews Were Concentrated During the Holocaust

The Warsaw Ghetto, or the Jewish Ghetto in Warsaw, was created by the Nazis, about one year after their occupation of Poland. The Germans decided to concentrate the entire Jewish population of Warsaw and the area, in a closed off and fenced area. The Nazis forced Jewish people to move into the Ghetto, and surrounded it with bricks to separate the Ghetto from the Polish side of the city.

The Warsaw Ghetto was the largest in the Jewish ghettos established during the Holocaust in Poland. At its peak, some 450,000 people lived here. It existed from the fall of 1940 until the spring of 1943.

Conditions in the Ghetto were harsh and threatening. Poverty, starvation and disease, terrible overcrowding in the small apartments where several families were crammed, the loss of privacy, more and more Jews were gradually taken to the death camps. The poverty and lack of everything brought young children between the ages of 7 and 13, who were small enough to go through holes and cracks, to sneak into Warsaw to smuggle food from the "Aryan" Warsaw in exchange for little trinkets or money, with the Gestapo soldiers following a brutal and cruel pursuit of the children.

In March 1941, the Germans decided to reduce the size of the Ghetto and closed the small Ghetto. Later they deported more and more Jews from the Ghetto to the camps. During the suppression of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising that broke out in April 1943, most of the buildings in the Ghetto streets were destroyed by the German army. The German air force, the Luftwaffe, bombed the Ghetto and destroyed most of the buildings there. The Nazis continued to wreak havoc in the Ghetto, even after they had defeated the Jewish revolt, which lasted only a month.



A Closer Look at the Ghetto - Today and Then:

https://youtu.be/Wb_fSYUlno0



How the Ghetto Looked During the Terrible War:

https://youtu.be/kPDqOGYOdI8



Documentation of Many Places Around the Warsaw Ghetto:

https://youtu.be/FKwQuQpggV0
Multimedialny Park Fontann
Multimedia Fountain Park
#About the Multimedia Fountain Show that Lights up Warsaw

The length of the Multimedia Fountain Park (Multimedialny Park Fontann) is about half an hour long. If offers a nice entertainment for the early evening hours, and children especially enjoy it.

On Friday and Saturday nights from May to September, at 9:30 pm, at the Multimedia Fountain Park there is a colorful water fountain show, combined with a laser show as well. Sit on the grass along the small hill that overlooks the lights, and enjoys.

Multimedia Fountain Park is a four fountain complex opened by the city of Warsaw, to offer cultural attractions to visitors and residents of the city. The park is located north of the Old City, in Podzamcze.


#Tips

The show is every Friday and Saturday between May and September, at 9:30 pm.

To have the base view of the show, sit at the top of the hill across the fountains, and not any lower.

It's nice to bring a blanket to sit on the grass.

Come dressed warmly!



A Closer Look at the Fountain Show:

https://youtu.be/8kTq6QsD37k
A Section of the Ghetto Wall
A Section of the Ghetto Wall
#About the Surviving Jewish Ghetto Wall

When World War II was over, Warsaw was left in pieces, with ruins as symbols of the old Jewish Ghetto. The wall has remained the same up to today, on Zlota Street behind a house on 55 Sienna on Walicow Street, where remains of destroyed houses can be seen from the war, as evidence to the horrible historic atrocities to the Jewish community.

On the sidewalks, in many of the points where the Ghetto wall once stood, metal plates can be seen with historical explanations maps and photos.



A Closer Look at the Jewish Ghetto Wall Remains:

https://youtu.be/W7hDGpjtaMg

Free in Warsaw

Plac Grzybowski
Grzybowski Square
#About the Square that Revived Jewish Life

Grzybowski Square (Plac Grzybowski) was established in the 17th century, where the junction between the government fortress and the rural community surrounding it was located, and the old center of Warsaw. Later on, in the 17th century it became a market square and in the 18th century a square in the city of Warsaw, to which it was annexed. At that time, the municipality building was also built there and the building was built in the square. In the middle of the 19th century, Jewish merchants began to enter the square and open shops and residents.

At the beginning of the 20th century, electric-powered streetcars arrived and lighting was added. Progress also brought about a change in the appearance of the square and the evacuation of the market to another square. This was before World War II when the square became the center of Jewish life in the city. Here was the Jewish market, where the Jews of the city came to buy the things they needed before the holidays, like a chicken before Yom Kippur or the fruits for Sukkot.

When the Jewish Ghetto was created, during the Nazi occupation of Warsaw, the square was included within the boundaries of the small Ghetto. Here, too, stands the Church of the Assumption of Mary, which served the converts in the Ghetto, Jews who converted to Christianity in the past, but the Nazis saw them as Jews and put them in the Ghetto. Nazi racial theory, it should be noted, regarded Judaism as a race, that it was impossible to change, and not a religion, that it could be changed. Therefore, the change of religion did not change the fate of the converts.

Today, Grzybowski Square is still paved with stones and has not undergone significant changes since the war.

In 1941, when the Nazis liquidated the small Ghetto, the square remained closed to the citizens of Warsaw, and when the Polish underground uprising broke out in 1944, it became part of the area of ​​battle. When the underground was defeated, the Germans destroyed and burned the western part of the square, the Arona Serdynera Jewish Synagogue and the church where the rebels had barricaded themselves.



A Closer Look at the Square that was Once the Center of Jewish Life in the City:

https://youtu.be/uAoqPFom3k4
Holy Cross Church
Holy Cross Church
#About the Church with the Heart of Chopin

The Holy Cross Church (Kościół Św. Krzyża) across the main University of Warsaw campus, is one of the most prominent Baroque churches in the Polish capital. It is widely known as the final resting place of the composer Frederic Chopin's heart.

Frederic Chopin, the great Polish composer, lived for many years in Paris, where he rose as a great piano composer. Chopin continued to miss Poland for the rest of his life. In 1882 when he passed away, his will requested that he be buried in Poland.

His wish was fulfilled, partly. While his body was buried in the famous Parisian Père Lachaise cemetery, his heart was taken out of his body and buried in Warsaw. The heart was placed inside a vase that was placed in a niche, in one of the chapels in this church. Near the niche a marble plate was placed, with Chopin's figure, sculpted by Leonardo Marconi.



#About the Church Building

When you visit the Holy Cross Church, it is worth watching in the reconstruction of the original wooden chapel from the 15th century, from which the impressive cathedral was born.

The Holy Cross Church is a very ancient and important church in the city of Warsaw, originally a Roman Catholic prayer house. The church was established in the 15th century, as a small wooden chapel of the Holy Cross. In 1526 the church leaders decided to destroy the fragile chapel and established a new church. 100 years later, in 1615, it was renovated and expanded by Zembrzuski Paweł and continued to grow so that it could meet the needs of the evolving Warsaw.

The current structure of the Baroque church was rebuilt at the end of the 17th century. This happened about 30 years after the church was destroyed and damaged by a flood. The new architect was chosen by the royal architect, Józef Szymon Bellotti, an important and famous Polish architect who also taught at the Royal Academy of Architecture in Warsaw.

Thus, beginning in the 17th century, the Holy Cross Church was considered one of the most important churches in Warsaw, which at that time replaced Krakow and became the new capital of Poland.

In the 18th century two towers were added to the church and above them were mounted special bells. Today the church is run by missionary monks, from the Father Vincent de Paul sect, who donated the money to build the magnificent church building originally.




A Closer Look at the Church:

https://youtu.be/W2NKqjP7QRo
Paac Kultury i Nauk
Palace of Culture and Science
#About Stalin's Megalomaniac Gift to the Polish People

See the tall tower in the center of town? - this is the Palace of Culture and Science (Hall of Culture and Science). The tower with this bombastic name is the 42-story souvenir and more than 3,000 rooms awarded by the Soviet tyrant Joseph Stalin to the city of Warsaw as "a gift of the Soviet people to the Polish nation."

This was, of course, during the Warsaw Pact and Soviet rule over the entire Eastern Bloc. The tower was then the tallest building in town. Today, many high-rise buildings have been built there.

The locals in Warsaw, by the way, often refer to the building that has long become the symbol of the city, "the penis of Stalin." The Warsaw locals have a love-hate relationship with the building. A popular saying in the city is that the great advantage of an office in the Palace of Culture and Science is that its window cannot be seen ...

This huge building was built between 1952-1955 as a gift, by the Soviet Union and Stalin himself, to the Polish people. The architectural style of the building is social-realistic, Stalinist. It conveys power, respect and awe, is very impressive and contains a collection of sculpted sculptures that stand around it and represent working and learning situations, the same goals for which it was established and which exist to this day.

In addition to a large number of business offices, the building has several repertory theaters, many movie theaters, several museums, including the Technical Museum, a children's museum and a historical museum. The building also has a swimming pool, 2 bars, a night club and the largest congress hall in Warsaw, which can accommodate over 4,500 participants at a time.

Thanks to its height, the tower that Stalin left for the city also serves as a landmark for orientation. After the fall of Communism in Poland, the new authorities made a referendum in which the residents were asked to decide what to do with the hated building, which was probably a symbol of the days many wanted to forget. The results of the referendum determined that despite the lack of sympathy for the building and what it represents, the Poles want the building to continue.


#Evening Entertainment at the Palace of Culture and Science

In the evening it is worth going up to the observation deck at the Palace of Culture and Science. It is worth watching the whole city. You can also sit and have a drink at Cafe Kulturalna, which hosts quite a few concerts and lectures. They also have a cheap and young bar.


A Closer Look at the Tall and Impressive Building in Warsaw:

https://youtu.be/H5ZfnE12Jow
Mia 18
Miła 18
#About the Location of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Bunker

You are located at 18 Miła Street, near a hill marking the site where the underground bunker of the Jewish Ghetto was buried. From here the Jewish underground ran the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising against the Nazis, and here most of the fighters were killed.

The decision to rise up and fight against the Nazis was made after the great expulsion from the Ghetto, when the Jews in the ghetto reached the conclusion that the fate of all would be death. Only a few tens of thousands of Jews remained in the Ghetto. Some hid in hiding places and decided to fight the Nazis.

The underground soldiers waged a courageous and hopeless war, almost without weapons, against the Nazi army, which was full of well-equipped soldiers. On May 8, 1943, after the great fires that the Nazis had started in the ghetto and the destruction of the other rebel bases, members of the underground were discovered in a bunker that was here. When it became apparent that they had lost their chance to survive, the bunker being surrounded by soldiers (many of the rebels had been poisoned and died by German gas bombs), the rebels of the Jewish Fighting Organization put an end to their lives in the bunker on Mila Street. Only remnants of the bunker remained, and after the liberation of Warsaw from the time of the Nazis, a memorial was erected here.


#The Story of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising was the largest uprising of Jews, mainly young people, against the Nazis. This is also the first Jewish revolt in the history of the Holocaust. The revolt broke out after news began to be received about the murders by the Nazis in the Chelmno extermination camp, and in the East in general. Then, the Jews first realized that the trains that the Germans were bringing to them led to extermination rather than to work camps.

Many young people in the Ghetto decided to preserve their dignity and die in the struggle and resistance of the Nazis and not in submission to them. The Nazis, who failed to overcome the rebels and capture them, decided to burn house after house in the Ghetto, until the rebels were subdued. The fires spread throughout the ghetto, and when the large area made it difficult to continue the fighting in the bunkers where the fighters were hiding, they began to go out and fight outside their hiding places and were killed or fell into the hands of the Nazis.

In the basement of the building on the corner of 18 Mila Street was where the main bunker of the rebels was located. Here was the headquarters of the Jewish resistance movement and it was sheltering more than 100 people. When the hiding place was discovered by the Germans, they began to throw in lethal gas bombs, most of the rebels in the bunker, commanded by Mordechai Anielewicz, decided to end their lives, just as the Masada fighters had done about 2,000 years before, in order not to fall into the hands of the Romans.


A Closer Look at the Site:

https://youtu.be/3nqQ-NSfPw8


Former Prime Minister Rabin Visits 18 Mila Street:

https://youtu.be/hAyQZ6AttF0


Jewish Cemetery Warsaw
Warsaw Jewish Cemetery
#About the Jewish Cemetery that Survived the Holocaust

The Warsaw Jewish Cemetery was founded in 1806. This is one of the largest and most active Jewish cemeteries in Poland. During World War II, the cemetery was included in the area of ​​the Ghetto and was more or less the only garden for Jews. Many of them came here during the terrible period of the Holocaust, in order to receive a bit of nature.

The cemetery has over 200,000 gravestones. Hebrew, Yiddish, Polish - the captions appear in many languages ​​and illustrate the complexity of the situation of the Jews in Poland and Europe of those days.

Many of these tombstones have great historical and artistic value. Here you can see the mausoleum of the three Jewish writers. Peretz, Simon Ansky and Yaakov Dinzon. You can also see the statue on the grave of Jewish actress Esther Rachel Kaminska.

In a moving corner of Warsaw's Jewish cemetery, a beautiful memorial is erected in memory of the great educator Janusz Korczak, in which he is depicted walking with the orphans of his orphanage, to the trains and the extermination camps. Korczak knew he was going to die and refused the Nazi offer to be released, because of his fame and his high international standing.

If you look closely you will see that right in front of the cemetery is one of Warsaw's largest department stores, the "Dom Modi Cliff" department store of luxury brands. Thus, both sides of modern Warsaw can be seen - on the one hand, a tragic and bloody history, and on the other - an empire of cheap shopping in a modern, lively and vibrant city.



A Closer Look at the Jewish Cemetery:

https://youtu.be/qxGo5xAm91k



Another Look:

https://youtu.be/Z-iMn3yPF3c
Prozna Street
#About the Warsaw Ghetto's Memorial Street

About one year after taking control of Poland in a lightning war, the Nazis established the Jewish Ghetto in Warsaw. Prozna Street (Próżna), where you are now, was part of the Warsaw Ghetto, also one of the few streets where Jews lived even before the war and the establishment of the Ghetto.

Prozna Street survived the destruction sown by the German planes on Warsaw towards the end of the war. Even today, the atmosphere of the old Jewish Warsaw has been preserved. On the street, a Jewish cultural festival called "Singer's Warsaw" takes place every summer, named after the Jewish writer Isaac Bashevis Singer.

During the festival, aiming to restore the historical and cultural heritage of Warsaw Jewry, Jewish music and Klezmer music are played, theater plays are performed in Hebrew and Yiddish, alongside traditional dance performances, exhibitions, films and discussions on Jewish subjects. Kosher food stands offer much of the Jewish food that is identified with Polish Jewry to this day.

Particularly interesting is the annual performance of the festival, under the name "And I Still See Their Face." In the exhibition, scenes of Jewish life in Warsaw from the days before the war are projected on the facades of buildings on the street, especially on the facade of the house that was left as it was during the war. Here and there you can see on the street pictures on the buildings, which bring back the Jewish people of the past, to today's streets.



#The House on Prozna Street

One of the buildings that survived the pre-war period, has been left behind since World War II, without being renovated. The old brown building is located in Grzybowski Square, right at the exit from the Jewish area, to the Polish area of ​​Warsaw. The pictures hanging on the building belongs to families who lived there in the early 20th century, most of them, Jewish families.



A Closer Look at the Street - Then and Now:

https://youtu.be/OlNjLwgDdwQ



A House from the Ghetto Days:

https://youtu.be/IgMGIiqo2QA
Chlodna Street
#About the Street that Separated the Two Ghettos

During World War II, Chlodna Street symbolized the separation between the "big" Ghetto and the "small" Ghetto. Here on Chlodna Street the Nazis built a wooden bridge above the street that connected the two Ghettos.

The Nazis kept Chlodna Street out of the Ghetto walls, to be used as a way to move around supplies, and better control the "city."

Today, in memory of the wooden bridge from the Holocaust, there is a site called "Memorial Bridge," that displays the tragic events that occurred here during the Holocaust with multimedia.

Here, on July 1942, one big tragedy happened among the many of the time. This happened when the Nazis announced the liquidation of the Ghetto, with residents being moved to a new settlement in Eastern Europe, which of course was a big lie, and the plan was to send the entire Jewish population to death camps. At a school at 20 Chlonda Street, Czerniaków, the leader of the Jewish community committed suicide. He did this after hearing the announcement, and refusing to agree to give the Nazis the names of those meant to be deported, as he was forced to do in the past.

The house was maintained in its original form, and oddly enough was not destroyed while the Nazis were burning down the whole Ghetto, when trying to stop the Ghetto Uprising.



A Closer Look at the Street:

https://youtu.be/gtR_3_bkk4E
Three Crosses Square
#About the Famous Square From the Famous Book

The Three Crosses Square (Plac Trzech Krzyży) is one of the main squares of Warsaw. This is a beautiful square, that besides its central location, it is an important place for those traveling southward, to Wilanów Palace and Park and Constitution Square.

The square, located along the "Royal Road," an ancient road linking the city's palace with the Old City, is named for the three crosses that are located there. One of them is the cross at the top of the church in the center of the square and two others stand at the other end of the square.

During World War II the square was a central and busy place in the city of Warsaw. In the square was the German headquarters, that brought Jewish children here during the war. They slipped out of the Ghetto and pretended to be Polish. It was precisely here that they made their living selling cigarettes and matches. Joseph Jamian wrote the story of a group of children in the book "The Cigarette Sellers from Three Crosses Square." In 1944, towards the end of the war, the church was completely destroyed after the German planes bombed it.



#The Story of "The Cigarette Sellers from Three Crosses Square"

The book "The Cigarette Sellers from Three Crosses Square" is one of the most famous books from the Holocaust period. The children's story from the square is very interesting and real. The SS headquarters stood in front of the square during the war, and in front of it were Jewish boys and girls posing as poor Polish children and even sold cigarettes to the Nazis.

The cigarette-selling children used to get up at dawn and reach the cigarette dealers to make up their cigarette supply. From there they went to the square and throughout the day they sold their cigarettes to passers-by.

In the evenings they used to go and bathe in the public baths. In order not to be discovered circumcised, the children bribed the guards not to let anyone else in while they were in there bathing.

After bathing, the children used to go to the home of an old lady they called "Grandma." With her, they were free to unload the day's experiences and used to compare the amounts of cigarettes they sold. Beyond the sale to buyers, a simple operation in those difficult times, the children conducted a hidden competition between them, for selling and money. Each day they compared the "results" and the daily winner received a lot of respect from his friends and was crowned winner of the competition.



A Closer Look at the Square:

https://youtu.be/zkyyf1iCPdc
Umschlagplatz
#About the Square Where Jews Were Sent to Death Camps

Umschlagplatz is on the Northern side of the Warsaw Ghetto, it is a square where the Jews of the Warsaw Ghetto were concentrated by the Nazis, before being loaded on trains to death camps. Usually, these trains led to Treblinka, and a few went to Majdanek. From this very square, each day about 5,000 - 7,000 people were sent to the death camps - whole families, women, and babies. They were loaded onto the freight trains that were meant to move cattle around the country, about 100-200 people per car, led to their deaths. About 300,000 of the Warsaw Ghetto residents were sent to their deaths this way.

This transporting square and the school nearby are located right near the freight train station, and this is how it became the worst place of all, for the Jews of the Warsaw Ghetto and the whole area. Some called this square "the square of the disappeared," those who understood that the Jews who are led out this way were not coming back.

After concentrating the people here, most of the Jews of the Warsaw Ghetto were sent from Umschlagplatz to death camps. In contrasting irony, the square was located between the Jewish Hospital-who worked to save lives, and the Gestapo headquarters-the ones in charge of the killings during the Holocaust.

The word Umschlagplatz in German means a place of transfer. The square for concentrating Jews to the death camps was presented as a place to transport Jews to a new settlement around Europe, which of course was a Nazi deception.

The square was also nicknamed "Delivery Square," a name given to it before the war, since the square was the only place where Jews were allowed to hand over goods, that is, to exchange them with the rest of the city's non-Jewish residents. The trading continued into the war and in parallel to the deportation of the Jews to the extermination camps.

The site today is a wall that serves as a symbolic tombstone, written on in Polish, Yidish and Hebrew, and recognizes the historic spot. Here "the memory path for the murdered," which starts at the Monument to the Ghetto Heroes and ends in Umschlagplatz. All along the path are blocks of black stones with names of many of the murdered.



A Closer Look at Umschlagplatz Square:

https://youtu.be/M4mJUKBsCM8
Warsaw Uprising Monument
#About the Monument in Memory of the Polish Uprising Against the Nazis

The Warsaw Uprising Monument is placed in front of the Polish Supreme Court, take a few minutes to pay respects to this place, the impressive monument is in memory of the Polish underground movement against the Nazis during World War II. In the uprising conducted by the underground movement, about 200,000 Polish citizens were killed.

The monument recognizes the Warsaw uprising, in 1944. It shows two groups of Polish rebels. The first going down into the sewer system, while the second climbs into barricade protection. You can see the entrance to the canal by marking a black and white table on the pavement on Miodova Street.

The monument was made in 1989. Five years later in 1994 a ceremony took place here, where the German Chancellor, Roman Herzog, apologized in the face of the Polish people and the families of the victims of the uprising from the Polish underground - about the atrocities committed by the Nazis during World War II.


A Closer Look at the Monument:

https://youtu.be/Q0ze328yzag
Monument to the Ghetto Heroes
#About the Monument in Memory of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

The Monument to the Ghetto Heroes (Pomnik Bohaterow Getta) is the main memorial monument in the city, that was dedicated to the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. In the uprising were young Jews, who were using guerrilla warfare against the Nazis, against all odds. The Nazi oppressor, shocked by their daring and actions, burned and destroyed the Ghetto in order to subdue them, and knocked down whole buildings on the heads of the last rebels who had barricaded themselves in the basements and swore not to surrender.

The monument was presented to the public in 1948, on the fifth anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. It was sculpted by the artist Natan Rapaport, who was assisted by its founder, architect Suzanne. Rapaport was a Jewish sculptor, painter and photographer who was born in Warsaw and lost all his family in the Holocaust. Throughout his life, after the war, he devoted his most important and best-known works to commemorating those who perished and fought the Nazis.

Next to the monument, the German Chancellor Willy Brandt knelt down in 1970 to commemorate the victims and begged forgiveness for the German crimes against the Jewish people. The Poles thanked him by naming the square in front of the monument after him.

A replica of the monument is also in the Warsaw Ghetto Square, on the Yad Vashem plaza in Jerusalem. Many see it as one of the most important symbols of the Holocaust and heroism heritage.



#What To See at the Monument?

The monument manages to present the amazing contrast between heroism and the inconceivable walk, like sheep to the slaughter, to a fate of unparalleled cruelty.

On one side of the monument, statues of heroic soldiers are displayed against the backdrop of the Ghetto in flames and Jews being sent to extermination. They hold hand grenades, rifles and Molotov cocktails, as symbols of their heroism. This side is called "The Struggle."

On the other side of the monument is the "March to Death," where you can learn about the suffering, torture and killing of the victims, by a group of religious Jews walking head down to their deaths.

The monument is made of blocks of stone that were brought by the Germans from Sweden and originally designated for the establishment of the memorial monuments of Hitler and the Germans.



#Jewish Heroism in the Holocaust

From the Monument to the Ghetto Heroes begins a tour in the wake of the Ghetto rebels. The trail, called "The Path of Heroism," was inaugurated in 1988 on the 45th anniversary of the uprising.

The trail, which begins here on Zamenhof Street, has 16 memorial stones of granite - each dedicated to the memory of a character from the Jewish past of the city.



A Closer Look at the Monument:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dySZgs-ttXo
Łazienki Park
#About Warsaw's Largest Park

Łazienki Park is the largest park in Warsaw. This is the favorite meeting place for Warsaw residents, who come here to relax and enjoy nature. From a family picnic or a morning run to a trip that allows you to clean your head, here the Warsaw people enjoy a perfect moment and urban tranquility.

There was a magnificent palace in the park, the same one used by the kings of Poland. The park was the palace garden in the past. The original garden was designed in the 17th century in a rich Baroque style. Today the park looks like a green forest, with expanse and charming views just a short walk away from the city center.

The park received the name "Lazienki" - "baths" in Polish, because of the palace on the water, a palace which is one of the most important and beautiful points.

The park has quite a few interesting spots and attractions. Notice, for example, the large statue of Chopin, with a bench next to it. In the park you will also see an open theater that even shows performances during the summer. There is also a Greek temple and an Egyptian temple, botanical gardens with greenhouses and a variety of exotic plant species and the statue of Jan Sobieski, the romantic king.

In the park is also the Chopin Monument, whose appearance changes, depending on the direction from which it is viewed.

The atmosphere in the park is pleasant, with a variety of colorful flowers and green trees, along paths and lawns filled with toddlers running all over the place. Do not be surprised if you suddenly encounter a group dancing a traditional Polish dance, an open concert of a symphony orchestra or a show of knights on horseback.

By the way, there are about 400 sweet squirrels, along with peacocks and birds.


#Tips

Every Sunday at 12:00 pm and 4:00 pm, at the Chopin Monument in the park, a free concert is played by the famous artist, but great local artists. The gun experience is best when the weather is nice!


A Closer Look at the Park:

https://youtu.be/mvD7MPubtB0


A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/kSMEK2qM1Io
Chopin Monument
#About the Monument for the Great Polish Composer

The Chopin Monument (Pomnik Fryderyka Chopina), in Lazienki Park, is in the Art Deco style, commemorating the great composer, the Polish genius, Frederic Chopin.

The monument is surrounded by many benches, where you can hear Chopin's music with the click of a button.

Warsaw locals love to come here and enjoy the relaxing atmosphere, it gets a little more crowded during the Sunday concerts that happen here twice a day. The Sunday concerts are free on Sunday afternoons. Classical piano music is played, presenting the genius's compositions.

The monument itself was created in 1926, and notice that the shape of the statue changes as you look from different angles.



#Tips

Every Sunday afternoon there is a free concert here with Chopin played on piano, by great artists from Warsaw. This is a great experience, especially with nice weather!

The concerts here are on Sundays, at 12:00 pm and again at 4:00 pm.




Concert at the Park - Chopin's Music Near the Monument:

https://youtu.be/0Sqz7oW9JRw


Bazar na Kole
#About Warsaw's Weekend Flea Market

Bazar na Kole opens only on weekends, and is a sort of heaven combined with a market for great antique findings.

In this market you will be able to buy almost everything that comes to mind. There are second-hand clothing, antiques, souvenirs, Communist-era items, vintage photos, chandeliers, dolls, silverware, kitchenware and furniture.

Here you can find many reminders of World War II and the Soviet era. Judaica lovers can find Menorahs around the market, Shabbath candlesticks and such, that only God knows how they came here from the rich Jewish world that existed here before the Holocaust and World War II.



#Tips

At the Kole flea market it's a must to haggle!



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/tTPJe6KK1v0
Warsaw University Library
#About the Library with the Unique Botanical Garden

Near the University of Warsaw is the University library (BUW, or Biblioteka Uniwersytet Warszawski), built in an impressive architectural building, whose walls are full of texts in all languages.

Books, however, are not what pull tourists into this library, but the big garden, rich and unique that lies above. This is not a library, nor a park, but a hybrid building, innovative and groundbreaking.

The library attracts many tourists, plant enthusiasts as well, who come to enjoy the beautiful roof with the botanical garden. The garden opened on June 2002, and is one of the largest roof gardens in Europe, having two different floors. The building and garden intertwine, in a harmonizing way, both from the inside and out, a combination of light and darkness and between restriction and freedom.

The big library (10,000 square meters) was built by the architectural duo Marek Budzynski and Zbigniew Badowski with the landscape architect Irena Bajerska, after winning a competition to design the building in 1993. They presented a whole new design concept, that fit the changing political, cultural and financial scene at the time, after being under Communist rule until 1989.

The whole building is covered in climbing plants, and is a great example of energy conservation and green building. The roof is open from Spring to Fall. From the roof you can see the view of the city landscape, and of passersby on the streets below.

There is an abundance of attractions that work well with the pretty building, like a stream, coy pond, fountains, bridges, seating areas, walking trails, greenery, granite sculpture and viewing areas.



A Closer Look at the University of Warsaw Library:

https://youtu.be/69pE8lOzPdw


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

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אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
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