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Berlin
Berlin
#About the City of Berlin

There's no place like Berlin to show the change Germany has undergone since the days of the Nazis and World War II. Here the Germans tried even earlier to establish a democracy in the Weimar Republic, but the country fell into economic crises that completely crumbled democracy. Here Dada was born, the German expressionism in cinema, the cabaret, the "Bauhaus", the important school of design and architecture, and more.

Later the Nazi demons took control of Berlin, and from there tried to take over the world. Here the Nazis were finally defeated by the Allies, and the city was divided into two, the "Berlin Wall" was built, and what Winston Churchill called the "Iron Curtain" between East and West descended on Europe.

Here German reunited at the end of the 1980's, and on both sides Berlin, from East and West, a new Germany was being built, a European leader, a new nation with new values. This is the Germany who's leadership is an example for the rest of the world on how to assist refugees, even when the political price is a heavy one.

Berlin of today is vibrant and young, and might be the most cosmopolitan city in the world, tolerant, vibrant, and attractive city in Europe. A city that attracts beautiful and talented young people like a magnet from all over the world.


#Transportation
As soon as you land at the airport, buy a weekly AB ticket, 30 euros for all public-transport. Berlin's public transport is excellent and you will not need anything else.


#Must See
Want to see the most popular destinations? - Click on the tag "Must see in Berlin".


#With children
A trip for the whole family? - Click on the tag "Attractions for Children in Berlin".


#Food
Looking to eat well? Click on the tag "Must Eat in Berlin"


#Tip
In most European countries service fees are already included in the check, so it is customary to give a 2 euro tip, regardless of the price of the check itself.


#Clubs
Start club the legendary club Knaak on 224 Greifswalder Strasse. It is known all over the world, open every day, partiers and night owls come here from all over the world. Berghain is so one of the world's techno temples, and if you will manage to get inside, will you feel blessed.

At the Berghain Club, which is located in an old power station and its parties continue past the sunrise, several floors and several dance floors are open to everyone. There is no discrimination of race, gender, or sexual preferences, and it has become known throughout the world in its permissive atmosphere.

The Matrix Club is also excellent, with two different music rooms that plays different music, there is an excellent atmosphere.


#Germany Country Code
+49


#Saving
For public transportation - buy a weekly free pass ticket, or a ticket for the number of days in the city, savings are huge.
Supermarket - Aldi and Rossmann chains are cheap and very available. The first is very economical but offers mainly basic products, the second is more expensive but offers everything.
Regular bus - a great way to get to know Berlin. Take our app and whenever you refresh it, the app will recognize what is nearby, and let you listen to explanations.
Discounts in all kinds of places - bring a student card.


#Shopping
If Primark at Alexanderplatz teased you, and you are looking for more, visit the Mall Of Berlin - a stunning shopping mall with a stunning shopping experience and even a map in Hebrew.

The Alcasa Mall with its great stores and excellent prices and the impressive Sony Center, especially in the evening, are worth gold.

Click on the tag "Shopping in Berlin" for other excellent recommendations.


#Electric Outlets
Possible plugs to use are Type C, Type E, and Type L (see link below with photos).


A taste of the upcoming trip? - Here's a video that will show you the city in all its beauty:

https://youtu.be/y1UarPueBBM


And a Little History - Modern Berlin, and Berlin of World War II:

https://youtu.be/zEkbYT5Bji0


Some of the Local street food:

https://youtu.be/uuVqXTvZbf8
Ottenthal
Ottenthal
#About Berlin’s Austrian Sestaurant with the Excellent Schnitzel

This small and popular Austrian restaurant is owned by an Austrian man named Schneller, who decided to name the restaurant after the village where he was born in Austria.

Here you can eat good food, and in some cases even rub shoulders with celebrities. There is a wide selection of wine, and friendly service. Many of the dishes are made from organic ingredients. The restaurant is known for its excellent schnitzel, but no less recommended dishes are the ‘zachar torte’ or the ‘apple strudel.’
Defne
Defne
#About the Restaurant with the Best Turkish Culinary Tastes

If you are one of those people, that when someone mentions "Turkish cuisine" near them, they right away think of bourekas or shawarma, the Defne restaurant will prove to you that Turkish cuisine contains more pleasures and flavors you have yet to know. The restaurant, is named after the Greek goddess Daphne.

Here you can sample dishes such as tomato or lentil soup, Albanian lamb liver, homemade spinach dumplings, hummus, cheese dishes, vegetarian dishes and much more. Prepare yourself for an adventure of flavors and smells.

Our recommendation?
Let the staff surprise you with the recommended dish of the day.
Lily Burger
Lily Burger
#About the Hamburger Restaurant that Offers the Best Hamburger in Berlin

The best hamburger in Berlin is called "King Kong" and can be found at a restaurant called Lily Burger. This hamburger is monster sized, about 30 centimeters tall, and is mostly for those who do not strongly care about their health ... By the way, the hamburger is usually shared by several people, not eaten by one individual.

The wild additions that are added here are put straight into the hamburger chop. Try, for example, chocolate Snickers in a hamburger and you'll find out how strange your favorite hamburger can be.

Of course, for your burger you can also add all the side dishes you like or want to try, from egg to cheese. And if all this is not enough, then above the "King Kong,” they can place a Berlin donut, called "Berliner."

To be clear - the result is a sensation all over, both in the stomach and Facebook and Instagram account, because the hamburger is also very photogenic. Enjoy your meal!



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/hgYXe3_Pkto?t=25s

Germany

Muret La Barba
Muret La Barba
#About the Unnoticeable Restaurant with Great Food

One could pass the Muret La Barba restaurant dozens of times without even noticing it. From the outside, it is difficult to understand whether it is a pub, wine store or café. To many people’s surprise, inside is hidden one of the most delicious Italian dinners you can find in Berlin.

The menu combines dishes from all of Italy. Lunch menus differs from the dinner menu, and both change weekly. Recommended dishes to try here include the pasta and risotto dishes, considered to be the restaurant’s finest food.

Small warning, service here is not top quality, however the food, will probably be top notch.
Burgermeister
Burgermeister
#About the Excellent Hamburger Located In the Restroom

You have reached the Burgermeister, the Hamburger joint that has become one of the symbols of the city of recent years.

Do not be alarmed, but the building you are standing in front of was used years ago as public toilets (notice the metal sign that says "Men" still exists there). Today, you can see this place bustling to life in the hyper-atmosphere of the Kreuzberg neighborhood.

You can order your hamburger with any toppings you want - cheese, bacon, barbecue, or tofu. Be cautious, this is an excellent hamburger with equally tasty fries.

Feel free to order a hamburger and sit on one of the wooden benches. Look at the walls of the surrounding houses, which are displayed in a spectacular exhibition of graffiti and street art of the Kreuzberg neighborhood.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/SnS7wVyxOZE
Friedrichshain
Friedrichshain
#About the Worker’s Borough that was Taken Over by Artists

This borough, like the one next to it (Prenzlauer Berg), is part of former East Berlin, and in the past it was inhabited mainly by workers. The name of the borough, Hain in German, comes from the word orchard, for an orchard planted by King Frederick the Great in the 18th century in this area. In the beginning, the borough was considered a working-class neighborhood. Most of the neighborhood was occupied in the 19th and early 20th centuries, when the railway line between Berlin and Frankfurt was also built. Also contributing to the popularity and growth of the neighborhood are the first water sanitation plants in 1865.

In 1933 when the Nazis came into power, the name of the district changed, and was renamed after Horst Wessel, the Nazi anthem composer. During World War II, the borough was brutally damaged. The reason for this was that the Allies aimed the bombings on the industrial buildings in the area.

In the late 1940’s and early 1950’s, the prestigious and luxurious Stalin Avenue was built.

In 2001, during the "Neighborhood Reform" period, the borough was merged with its neighbor Kreuzberg and officially called Kreuzberg-Friedrichshain, however many residents still refer to them as separate neighborhoods.

Today there are fashion stores, artists' studios and pubs. Among the Berliners the entire district is best known for its most interesting breweries.



#What is There To See in the Borough?

The first is the East Side Gallery, a gallery of graffiti art painted by artists on a remnant of the Berlin Wall. The length of the wall is 1.3 kilometers.

The other is the Karl Marx Road, a monumental boulevard built in Berlin between the years 1952 -1960 in the Classicism Stalinist style.

The Jewish Museum is also located here, and next to it is a famous museum of modern art, photography and architecture - the Berlin Gallery.

Take a look at the pubs and cafés in the Zymen Dach Street, the farmers' market which opens on Saturdsays, and the flea market on Sundays at Boxhagener Platz.

You will also see the red bridge connecting the neighborhood with Kreuzberg and Berlin's Eastern Railway Station.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/ZbERwOWyzqI?t=3m38s
Fhrerbunker
Führerbunker
#About Hitler’s Bunker, Where Hitler Also Committed Suicide

In a regular residential neighborhood, in what was once East Berlin, there’s a parking lot with a small sign stating that underneath the ground is buried the bunker that was used by Hitler in the last months of World War II.

For many years the German government tried to hide this place, so as not to make it a place for people to recognize the death. But that did not help. This spot is a magnet for tourists and curious visitors.

The Führerbunker is the name of Hitler’s command bunker, where he stayed during the last months of the war. From there the war was directed against the Soviets, who kept conquering Germany slowly. And here Hitler committed suicide when he understood that the Nazis had officially lost the war, and his dreams of ruling the world will never be achieved.



#About the Führerbunker’s History

This bunker was one among a big chain of bunkers that the Nazis built in Berlin. It was built back in 1936, when Hitler and Nazi leaders were preparing for war. It was dug out 17 meters below the ground, in the backyard of the Chancellor offices in the city. Only in 1943 was the building of the bunker complete.

The bunker was in fact a connection between two other bunkers, that were set up next to one another, in two floors. The top floor of the bunker was called Vorbunker and was used for managing the bunkers.

In the lower floor was the Führerbunker, the command bunker. It contains 30 small rooms, including Hitler’s accommodations, which were installed for him in February 1945. Hitler himself was already living in the bunker back in January 1945, with his mistress Eva Braun, his personal secretary Martin Bormann, and Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels, who brought his family to the bunker.

The day prior to his suicide, April 29th 1945, Hitler married Eva Braun, and the next day April 30th 1945 the two committed suicide, and their bodies cremated, as per the instructions that Hitler left behind before his death. Their bodies were not able to be identified, which led to many conspiracy theories about Hitler’s escape to South America. On May 1st, 1945, the Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels and his wife Magda poisoned themselves and their six children, committing suicide as well.

On the same day Martin Bormann escaped the bunker. When the Red Army soldiers reached the bunker on May 2nd, 1945, only a handful of Hitler’s team members remained.



#How Hitler’s Bunker Became a Parking Lot

The allies after their victory tried to bomb and destroy the bunker, but they were not successful. Some rooms were sealed off and destroyed and the rest of the place was left as a concrete block closed to the public

The location of the bunker was on the side of democratic Germany,
slightly cynical name for East Germany, the Communist Party.

At the end of the 1950’s on top of the bunker was built a parking lot and housing built all around. The place mostly housed star athletes from East Germany of the time.

Only in 2006 was the spot recognized, and the parking lot became a tourist stop for curious visitors. Today, only a small sign recognizes the location of the bunker, and explains its original structure. But mostly the spot attracts groups of tourists who want to see the final resting spot of the most horrible man in history, whose body was never found, which is only a small, good for nothing parking lot In Berlin.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/c9ijGPsSSnE


Then and Today

https://youtu.be/6yBEmFCFLiA


Berliner Spreepark
Berliner Spreepark
#The Amusement Park that Stopped Running

Berliner Spreepark is an old amusement park that has not been active for many years, but the rides remain in their original place and attract a lot of visitors.

Up until recently, ‘Do Not Enter’ signs were hung up all along the fence of the park. And as the saying goes, ‘stolen water is sweeter,’ the fun and excitement of sneaking into an abandoned amusement park made the abandoned Spreepark into a real attraction.

Today, the park is open twice a week, the rides of course do not work, but there is a train that runs around the park.

The park originally opened in East Berlin in 1969, it was reactivated after the German unification, and in 2001 was abandoned by its owner, who relocated some of its rides in Peru and opened a new park there.

The owner left behind what seems like the movie set of Jurassic Park. There are leftovers of plastic mammoths and dinosaurs bodies, which were once used as a part of the Park’s rides, and today lay lifeless on the ground, adding to the extinct prehistoric feeling.

The Spreepark is located in Treptower Park in the South Eastern side of Berlin, on the banks of the Spree River. After a quick walk along the river and around the Park, you will see a Soviet monument that has remained from the East Berlin times, and pleasant green spots to spend some nice quiet and peaceful afternoons.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/nO7YEXSzF4o



#Then and Now:

https://youtu.be/KBGXLnSoAag



#A View from above:

https://youtu.be/-K5VjRf_3fo
Treptower Park
#About the South Berlin’s Park

Treptower Park is located on the Spree River bank in the Treptower quarter, in the south Berlin area. It was planned and designed by Gustav Meyer, the head garden engineer of Berlin at the time. It was built in 1878 for the better of the local community, which in itself makes the park innovative and groundbreaking. Why? At the time there weren’t many parks that were open to the public. In Treptower Park there are also special areas dedicated for sport, for the public to enjoy. This is a complete revolution for the consideration of quality of life for the public.

Towards the end of the 19th century, in 1896, a fair was held in the park called the ‘Berlin Trade Fair,’ and in 1958 more than 25,000 rose plants were planted in the gardens, creating a beautiful rose garden with a fountain.

However Treptower Park is most famous because of the war memorial that was built there after victory over Hitler and his government. Foundations for the memorial were laid in 1946, right at the end of World War II. Following this the Soviets decided to build a Soviet memorial instead. A large and impressive monument was built, that was open on 1949 as a part of the park, the size of 100,000 square meters.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=41BNMCcVlvQ
Soviet War Memorial Tiergarten
#About the Soviet Monument Erected After Their Victory

In Tiergarten Park at the center of Berlin, in 1945, a Soviet monument was erected, shortly after the Russian army takeover of Berlin. This is not the only monument that was built to remember the 80,000 Soviet soldiers that died in the battle over Berlin during April and May of 1945. But it is the most impressive of them all.

Photos from that time show the monument surrounded by open space. Following the bombings over Berlin, many of the park’s trees were burnt. The rest of the trees were cut down and burned for heating in the final months of the war.

An interesting fact – during the Cold War, the Soviet soldiers were permitted to maintain an honor guard at the monument, event though the monument was located in British held territory. Soviet soldiers were even permitted to cross over onto the British territory to the monument and pay their respects to the fallen soldiers.

The architect Mikhail Gurevich is the designer of the monument, and nearby are sculptures by artists Vladimir Chigal and Lev Karbel.



A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_NRbuUtMnys
Unter den Linden
#About the Elegant Avenue of Berlin - Avenue de la Linden

This wide boulevard, full of the classic European splendor and elegance, starts at the Brandenburg Gate and ends with Museum Island, this is undoubtedly the city's main tourist axis and an excellent starting point for a fascinating tour of the history of the German capital and its tourist attractions.

The boulevard received its name the from the Linden trees planted alongside it. In recent years, the boulevard has been extensively renovated.

Unter den Linden Boulevard, meaning "under the trees" in German, stretches for about a kilometer and a half. On both sides are some of the city's most important sites and buildings. One can see so many intriguing sites and architectural monuments that stand in its vicinity.

From there you can see Humboldt University - the first university in Berlin, the Opera Building and the Academy of the Arts, the Berliner Dom, the Guggenheim Gallery, as well as the Alexanderplatz to the east, with the TV Tower attached to it, the Reichstag Gate, the Holocaust Memorial to the West and the Friedrichstrasse shopping street across it.

But this boulevard, with its neo-classical structures, is not only beautiful. Here, one of the most difficult historical events in modern history took place. In the square of Bebelplatz, opposite Humboldt University, in 1933 the burning of the books took place, in which the Nazis set fire to thousands of books whose contents were against their distorted ideology.



#Tips

A weekly artists' fair takes place every week on Saturdays and Sundays. It happens in the little pedestrian walkway just before the bridge crosses the Spree River.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5N_ZLdU7-18
Gendarmenmarkt
#About Berlin’s Beautiful Square

In the area of Mitte, Berlin, is one of the squares that some say is the most beautiful in the square of Berlin. This is the Gendarmenmarkt Square, a square that was established in 1688 and was intended to be the area's market square. It is known as the "Gendarmerie Market" (named after the Gendarmerie Regiment - police stationed nearby) or the "police market."

The square was established at the end of the 17th century by Georg Christian Unger.

If you arrived during the Christmas season, do not miss one of the city's major Christmas markets held here every year. But do not worry, it is not every evening that the square is crowded with tourists. It is usually calm and pleasant here, and easy to enjoy its beauty.



#The Square's History

Prince Frederick III gave the order to build the square. Johann Arnold Nering took over the planning of the square. Around the square were mainly Huguenot residents, close Protestants associated with Calvinism. They were allowed to settle in Prussia following the promise of freedom of worship in 1685 (in Potsdam's Edict).

King Frederick I let the Huguenots and Lotternes build churches in the square. During World War II, the square was bombed and severely damaged, but after the war the buildings in the square underwent significant reconstructions, and today no war damage can be seen.



#What is there to See in the Square?

In the center of the square one can see the statue of Friedrich Schiller, the national poet of Germany, surrounded by the four muses representing different fields of spirit - theater, art, philosophy and music. The decision to add the statue was made in 1859, marking the 10th anniversary of the poet's birth. Its construction was completed in 1871.

In the square you can also see the French Cathedral (Französische Dom), and the German Cathedral (Deutsche Dom). Inside each cathedral operate museums. In the French Cathedral is located the Hugenotten Museum, for the French who fled their country and found refuge in Prussia. The German Cathedral has the The Museum of German Parliamentarian History.

Between the two impressive cathedrals is a concert hall which is the home to the Berlin Symphony Orchestra. The Orchestra appears there almost every evening at 8 pm (unless you are not touring during the holidays). Sometimes you can even bump into them in the main square and watch them for free (try to leave a tip ... they will be very happy).



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V_kNLFc8tQ8
Palace of Charlottenburg
#About the Big Palace in Berlin

One of the most important Baroque buildings to survive in Berlin is also the biggest palace among 9 palaces in Berlin, the Palace of Charlottenburg (Schloss Charlottenburg). In its past Berlin was once the capital of the Prussian Empire. The palace is actually one of the most incredible remains of that time.

It was built between 1695 and 1699. Prince Frederick I gave the order to build it for his wife Sophie Charlotte. Following the death of the queen in 1705 the king decided to name the palace after her, Charlottenburg. In the following years it became the king’s summer housing.

In 1740, King Frederick II ascended the throne and lived in the palace for some time.

In 1952, a monument by Andreas Schlöter was placed here, with the prince riding his horse in the garden entrance to the palace.

Today visitors can view the permanent exhibit for Baroque furniture, ceramics, and other displays about the lifestyle of Prussia in the 17th and 18th centuries.



#The Palace’s History

The amazing palace was built between 1695-1699. Though the design was created by the court architect Johann Arnold Nering, the actual building was overlooked by Martin Grunberg after Nering’s death.

The palace has managed to maintain its ancient vibes, however throughout the years many architects have made changes to it.

Between the years 1702-1713 a Swedish architect Eusander von Gette added a building, a chapel and a greenhouse for oranges. In 1711 a statue was erected for the the goddess of fortune, Portuna, on the central roof.

In 1740, during Frederick II's stay in the palace, the royal architect Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff added the ‘new wing,’ continuing the main building from its eastern side.

In the year 1790 an addition was made to the "orange greenhouses" - the "Little Oranges," and in the years that followed a theater was also added, the Belvedere in the Palace Park, a Mausoleum and a Schinkel pavilion.

In World War II the palace was destroyed. Restoration and reconstruction of the rooms were based on photographs taken from before the war.



#About the Palace Gardens

In the 17th century, a long time before the outbreak of the war, Simone Gudu planned the palace gardens in the formal French style. He was greatly influenced by the French architect Andre La Notre. In 1788 the tea house was added to the garden. In 1810 the mausoleum was built for Queen Louise, and in 1825 the Neapolitan villa was built.

During the air raids of World War II, and during the Battle over Berlin, the palace gardens were almost completely burned.

The palace gardens were only partially reconstructed. Those who were restored remained in the formal French style, as they were in the 17th century, and the parts that were far from the palace were restored, but in English style. Today the palace gardens are used by the residents and the entrance to them is free.



#Tips

Children enter the palace for free.

Entrance to the gardens is free to the general public.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W0qNj2pa_Kc
French Cathedral
#About the French Cathedral

The French Cathedral (Französischer Dom) in Gendarmenmarkt Square is an inactive Protestant church. It was established between the years 1701-1705, for the Huguenot community of Berlin. The Huguenots were French Protestants - Calvinists, fleeing from their country and found refuge in Prussia, at the beginning of the 18th century.

During World War II, the cathedral was destroyed and was rebuilt only in the 1980’s.

A great advantage of the cathedral is the magnificent observation from its upper section, to reach it one must climb 524 steps. Feel free to buy a good bottle of wine and enjoy the breathtaking view!



#Tips

It is not as tall as the nearby TV tower, but the French Cathedral can is a great substitute if lines for the TV tower are too long.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/6Q8l6_hhQWs
Kudamm
#About the Shopping Street in Berlin

Kudamm (Kurfürstendamm Boulevard) is the best boulevard of all the ones Berlin has to offer for shopping and pampering. It is a long avenue, a sort of paradise for shopping enthusiasts, especially for those who are extremely wealthy.

The ones without the large bank accounts can pass hours window shopping, looking through the detailed and unique shop windows, sit for a cup of coffee or a meal at one of the many restaurants and cafes along the boulevard.

The street has memorials for World War II, for example at the Kaiser Wilhelm Church, that was bombed and destroyed, and its exterior left bare without renovation, as a silent testimony for what happened during those dark days.

Tourists can also see an old department store Kaufhaus des Westens (referred to as the Kadewe for abbreviation), which was confiscated from a wealthy Jewish owner by the Nazis.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/fCeZiTdNiaM
Potsdam
#About Prussian Versaille, the Houses of the KGB’s Officers and the City of Riches

If you want to head out of Berlin for a few hours and visit a classic German city in its full glory, go for a short visit in Potsdam. The capital of the Brandenburg State and the state’s largest city.

Castles, palaces, and spotless parks of this magical city, with alleyways, are a part of the magnificent view of the ancient city, where the king and his family preferred to reside, for its closeness to the capital and its vast beauty.

The German city Potsdam sits on the banks of the Havel River, about 26 kilometers south-west of the German capital Berlin. Until the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, lived here officers of the Russian KGB, who would go around East Berlin. Today, it is a city for vacations and for German royals and is famous as one of the hub spots for the movie industry in Europe.

Only a half hour ride from the center of Berlin to Potsdam in a Train. This city is wide, and has many interesting points to visit. It contains a series of lakes that are all connected.

If you have some time, take a look at the Sanssouci Palace, the palace that Frederick II built and preferred to enjoy his time. Notice the internal decorations of the castle, in the Rococo style, and the fact that today it is acknowledged as a world heritage site.

Extravagant parks are also at Sanssouci Palace, remaining from the royal times. It contains fountains, statues and many pieces of art for all to admire.

Also worth looking at is the Einstein building, an observatory place that was built in accordance with the famous Albert Einstein and one of the greatest German architects, Erich Mendelsohn.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eNnwM7soW94


Mauer Park
#About the Park that is Located on the Borders of East and West Berlin

Mauer Park (Mauerpark) in German means the ‘Park of the Wall,’ and is a park in Berlin. The origin of its name is from the Berlin Wall that was built here in 1961 and created the border in Berlin, between the West and East sides. A part of the wall passed here and was considered ‘no-man’s-land,’ anyone trying to escape across the border towards the West side and its freedom, was shot and killed.

As the years pass, Mauer Park gained popularity by locals, and it attracts among the rest artists, musicians, and the homeless. The park, being one of the more popular destinations among the young locals, especially those from neighborhoods such as Prenzlauer Berg, attracts athletes, and circus jugglers, who come here for the semi-spontaneous summer nightlife. The also come for the Walpurgis Night celebrations, on April 30th of every year.

Since 2004 a flea market has been going on right near the park. The park still contains about 30 meters of the Berlin Wall, which is used as a memorial for the time when the wall used to divide the city. It has become common for Graffiti artists to paint graffiti on the wall, and repaint new artwork all the time.

However, the park’s biggest attraction, at least musical attraction, is the karaoke that goes on here. It all started as an unofficial karaoke show in February 2009. Since then, it has evolved into weekly Sunday afternoons performances, when the weather permits, the Bearpit karaoke show in the amphitheater. The show has long become an event that thousands come to, and get to listen to either new and exciting performances and voices, or out of tune singers who are not self aware of their voices.

In the 19th century and into the first half of the 20th century, the park was used as the location for the old North train station. Following the building of the Berlin Wall in 1961, this station was closed once and for all.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/SlwfOv5Dz1Y



The Karaoke:

https://youtu.be/wd-WV90BQI0



And the Street Artists:

https://youtu.be/nEEnTHhZgvM
Neptune Fountain
#About the Fountain that is Nearby the TV Tower

The most important work of the sculptor Reinhold Begas, is the Neptune Fountain (Neptunbrunnen) between the Church of Mariam and the Red Town Hall building. It was given as a gift by the Berlin Municipality to Kaiser Wilhelm II (Emperor of Germany and the King of Prussia). It is decorated in a Neo-Baroque style, and imitates other important fountains in Rome. The fountain’s diameter is 18 meters, and is 10 meters tall.

The fountain was nicknamed "Porkenbeken," a word play in German that means "pelvis with a trident," but it is hard to ignore the fact that this nickname is very closely related the name of the mayor of Purknebek at the time. So why a pelvis, you may ask? In the statue of Neptune, God of the sea, the god standing in a water basin (made of red granite) and holds a trident in his hands, lying on his left shoulder.

The trident is a symbol of Neptune’s great power. He is standing over a giant oyster that is being pulled by four tritons. Around the shell are many statues of marine life.

On the edges of the fountain are four women who symbolize the four great rivers of Germany: the Rhine, the Elbe, the Oder and the Vistula.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=leBll37cACg
Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe
#About the Memorial in Memory of the Many Jewish People Murdered by the Nazis

The Holocaust Memorial (Denkmal Für Die Ermordeten Juden Europas) was built exactly where the office of the Nazi oppressor Hitler was once located. The monument is the main memorial in Germany for the commemoration of the Jewish victims of the Holocaust, and for the crimes against humanity committed by the Nazis.

The monument purposefully reminds us of a massive grave site, a sort of huge collection of graves and dark headstones, all different sizes, as if its designers wanted to say that everyone was murdered – men, women, and children.

The location of the memorial site, right at the center of Belin and near the Reichstag Gate, makes sure that no one can ignore it. Many people are not aware that under the memorial is an information center underground dedicated to conserving the Holocaust victims, with multimedia presentation about the subject.

The designer of the Holocaust Memorial, the official name being “The Foundation Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe,” and spans over 19,000 square meters, is the Jewish American architect Peter Eisenman. He designed it as a field, with 2,711 horizontal headstones, an older style of headstones, in columns and rows, creating mazes between the spaces, where one can stay and contemplate. Eisenman refused to explain the odd number of headstones, and said the number had no meaning.



#About the Scandal Around the Holocaust Memorial

Before the memorial site was finished being built, a few scandals arose regarding it. This started criticism for its simple design, others complained about the absurd amount of space it would take up, some said that children run around and play at the site like a park, and there were groups who complained that the memorial needs to be in the memory of other groups also murdered by the Nazis.

But the most embarrassing moment brought up was that that the company for the coating of the pillars, Degusa, was found to have held a subsidiary company during World War II that produced that same Zyklon B type gas, used for the mass murders of Jews. The executives of this company were even tried for their part in the war.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JPRX_cr1s0k
New Synagogue Berlin
#About the Synagogue that was Restored After it was Burned on Kristallnacht

As early as the 19th century, the New Synagogue (Neus Synagoge Berlin) was one of the brightest buildings in the city. Its large gold dome, 50.2 meters high, one can spot from all over the city. On both sides of the dome, you will see two smaller domes that remind of Muslim mosques. The synagogue was built between 18599 and 1866, and was initially the largest and most beautiful synagogue in Germany.

During Kristallnacht, between November 9th and 10th, 1938, the Nazis tried to set the building on fire. One policemen standing in the neighborhood managed to prevent the fire, claiming that the building was for preservation. However, the fate of the building haunted him. In 1943, the synagogue was destroyed by Allied bombings. Its reconstruction began only a few decades later, in 1988.

Today the synagogue is not active, but you can find the Centrum Judaicum, which is a Jewish Cultural Center. The museum also has a permanent exhibition that presents the life of the Jews in the city, changing exhibitions that teach about Jewish history and contemporary art, as well as a historical archives. In the main hall there are 3,200 seats for worshipers who used to come here in the past.



#Architecture of the Synagogue

In April 1857, an architectural competition was held in the city of Berlin to design the new synagogue. The architect Eduard Knoblauch was in charge of the competition, but since he was not able to choose any of the plans, he designed the building himself. Two years later in 1859, Knoblauch fell ill, and the building continued by Friedrich August Stüller, a friend of Knoblauch. The construction was complete in 1861, but the interior was delayed and concluded only in 1866. The cost of all the construction amounted to about 750,000 thaler.

The design of the synagogue is a tribute to the architecture of the Iberian Peninsula. On the façade of the building you will see colored stones and terra cotta, and the caption: "Open the gates and bring the righteous, the guard of the faithful" (Yeshayahu 26:2) The width of the front is 29 meters and the length of the synagogue is 97 meters. This building is one of the first built in Berlin in the modern era using modern construction methods.



#The Organ Quarrel

The community leaders of Berlin wanted to install an organ in the new synagogue, a musical instrument that was very closely associated with the church. Jewish leaders forbade the introduction of the instrument, for reasons of "following in the laws of the gentiles." In order to try to resolve the dispute, the committee invited the opinion of well-known rabbis in Germany, and here too the opinions were split into two:

The Orthodox Rabbis did not allow any kind of organ use in the synagogue, neither on the Sabbath nor on weekdays.

Reformist Rabbi Abraham Geiger, on the other hand, ridiculed the situation. In 1862 it was determined that playing an organ on the Sabbath by a gentile does not violate or contradict the Halakhah.



#Tips

It has recently been reported that the synagogue is temporarily closed. If you intend to enter it, try and find out if it has reopened first.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/2TxFImu-Id0
Flak Tower III Humboldthain
‪Bocca di Bacco‬
Wannsee Conference
Berlin Underground Museum
East Side Gallery


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

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אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.