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Gozsdu Bazaar
Gozsdu Bazaar
#About the Bazaar in the Jewish Quarter in Budapest

Gozsdu Bazaar is a Sunday market, taking place near the Dohány Street Synagogue. This is the market of the Jewish Quarter in Budapest, and it takes place only on Sundays during summer, April-September, between 10:00 am and 6:00 pm.

The origin of the name Gozsdu is from the name of the building where the bazaar takes place. The initiator who led this market took his inspiration from the Nahalat Binyamin market in Tel Aviv.

This is not a simple and cheap bazaar. There are stalls for jewelry, ceramics, clothes, bags, books, and utensils - most are of high quality.

The market is not geared towards tourists, which means the prices are not too expensive. This is a great place to buy meaningful gifts, some amusing and some original for home.



A Closer Look During the Day:

https://youtu.be/P55JUdCkXkw


At Night:

https://youtu.be/iwpyFS7LXFEDohány Street Synagogue
Jewish Quarter in Budapest
Budapest Jewish Quarter
#About the Jewish Quarter that has Become the Center of Nightlife in Budapest

Neither the Holocaust nor the Communist rule succeeded in destroying the Jews from Budapest, certainly not from the Jewish quarter, in the city's seventh district. There are about 25 active synagogues in the city, and in the Jewish quarter itself, there are many shops that sell kosher food, with signs in Hebrew that emphasize this in their windows.

On Friday nights, you can still see in the Jewish Quarter in Budapest, those who are wearing Shtreimels, who have finished their prayers in the synagogue. On Saturdays, one can still see children wearing skullcaps and girls in long dresses.

Today the Jewish Quarter belongs to others. Since many young people moved here, mainly due to the low prices of apartments, it is considered a trendy and pleasant entertainment place, attracting a young and high-quality crowd from all over the city.

In 1900, the Jewish population in Budapest numbered 170,000 - a quarter of the city's population. Today, the city has less than half of that population, even though it is the largest Jewish community in Central Europe, the proportion to the city's population is minimal.


#tips
The Jewish quarter, Budapest's seventh district, is today not only the city's trendy entertainment center, but also has the great concentration of street art and graffiti.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/clUZCUF9SE8


Street Art in the 7th quarter:

https://youtu.be/pTaELKX3sPU
Menza
Menza
#About the Trendy and Delicious Restaurant in the Young Boulevard

Menza is a new restaurant, very popular in Budapest, with lots of great food, not expensive prices and vibrant and retro decorations.

Menzo is located in an excellent spot, right at the trendy Franz Liszt Boulevard in Budapest.

Here we recommend the fried pastries with chicken and mushroom stuffing, the delicious Hungarian soups, and the excellent meats.

Enjoy!
Dohny utca Synagoga
Dohány Street Synagogue
#About the Big Synagogue of Budapest

Dohány Street Synagogue (Dohány utca Synagoga) was built in 1859. This is without a doubt the most prominent and important place in the Jewish quarter of the city.

The "Tabakgasse Synagogue" as it is sometimes called, is the largest synagogue in Europe. Why "Tabakgasse" you ask? It means tobacco in Hungarian. The three floors of the synagogue can hold up to 3,000 worshippers. It is interesting to note the contrast between the design of the building, which includes Islamic features, and what was introduced into it, which included Christian and church characteristics, such as an organ, a stage at the front and more.

On top of it being an operating synagogue, the building is also the site for the memorial of the 565,000 Hungarian Jews who were murdered in the Holocaust. During the Nazi occupation of Hungary, the synagogue was included in the Jewish Ghetto, and it became a central location for detaining many Jews.

The building includes also the Jewish Museum of Budapest, and many Jewish graves of the Jews from the quarter. There is a monument and a plaque for the memory of the Hungarian Jews who were killed during World War I and were murdered during the Holocaust by the Nazis.

The entrance to the synagogue is with a paid ticket, with the funds being used for the upkeep of the building.



#Architecture of the Synagogue Building

The synagogue was designed in the Mori style, Islamic and Northern-African, characterized by arches and decorations that repeat themselves. The style here combines Gothic elements with varied Islamic characteristics.

The architect Ludwig Förster placed at the exterior of the building two towers 43 meters tall. At the head of the towers are domes shaped like onions. In the center of the facade is a window in the shape of a flower and next to it are decorated windows.

The Islamic characteristics are also reflected in the colorful ceramic tile in which the synagogue is built from the outside, and the synagogue floor, where you can see a mosaic with geometric illustrations. Its walls are also decorated with gold and colorful geometric shapes.

The interior of the synagogue contains, as mentioned, various elements borrowed from Christianity. The most prominent is the organ, which was added to ease the atmosphere in the synagogue and make it happier. This was the practice in the synagogues of the Neolog movement, which grew stronger at that time. Another characteristic of this type is the placement of the synagogue stage at the front rather than the center of the synagogue, as has always been the case. Notice also the two huge and impressive chandeliers hanging from the ceiling.


#History of the Synagogue

The synagogue was built after the Jewish community of the city grew quickly during the 18th century and the 19th century, and reached 30,000 people.

This is how the new synagogue was built during 1854-1859. It was built in the Mori style, the North African style, an exotic decision that was interesting and even trendy at the time. Different from other synagogues, an organ was installed inside, reminded more of a Christian church than a traditional synagogue. The organ has 5,000 pipes. Among others, musicians such as the composer and piano genius Franz Liszt and composer Camille Saint-Saëns.

In 1939 Nazi supporters burned the synagogue, and during the war the remains were used for the Nazi radio station. Throughout the war the synagogue continued to be damaged from allied air raids.

After the war, the building was returned to the ownership of the Jewish community of Budapest, however resources for the reconstruction were limited.

In the 1990's, with the fall of the Communist rule in Hungary, the building was renovated and rebuilt. This is also when the monument for the memorial for the Jewish Holocaust victims was added, including the memorial for the Hungarian Jews and Raoul Wallenberg.



#The Uniqueness of the Big Synagogue of Budapest

Inside the synagogue, you can see many elements borrowed from Christianity. The most prominent of these is the organ, of course, added to a more joyful atmosphere. This was the practice in the synagogues of the Neolog Movement, a movement of Hungarian Jewry that aspired to assimilate into the general Hungarian society. Its most prominent characteristics were the introduction of synagogue organs and mixed choirs, boys and girls together.

Another prominent feature here is the position of the stage at front of the synagogue, rather than at its center.

Some things that cannot be seen during the visit here are as follows:

The language of the prayers, which, as the practice of theologians, is the local language, in this case, Hungarian.

The choir of the mixed synagogue - a choir of men and women together.



#Herzl's Childhood Neighborhood

In fact, you are in the childhood neighborhood of Theodore Herzl, the visionary of the State of Israel. It is here that the future of the Zionist movement and the establishment of the State of Israel grew.

Theodor Herzl was born here in the house next to the synagogue on Dohany Street. The surrounding neighborhood was the area where he grew up, played and studied. In this synagogue, imagine Binyamin Ze'ev Herzl, a Torah scholar, at his Bar Mitzvah ceremony in 1873. Incidentally, Herzl mentions the event several times in his book "The Tabakgasse Synagogue."

Indeed, the small square in front of the synagogue is now called "Herzl Square."




A Closer Look at the Synagogue with the Sounds of the Organ in the Background:

https://youtu.be/qfUX2QdRwFs

Jewish Quarter

Tree of Life
Tree of Life Memorial
#About the Holocaust Memorial for the Jews of Budapest

At the Jewish Museum garden, you can see the impressive memorial of the Tree of Life, for those who perished in the Holocaust. The memorial that was donated by Hungarian Jews from around the world, a memorial in the shape of a metal weeping willow, and on each leaf the name of a Jewish person who perished in the Holocaust.

The memorial was designed in 1991 by the Hungarian artist Imre Varga. From a different direction, you can notice that the weeping willow has a sort of Menorah shape, with 7 stems facing upwards.

The statue is located in the back garden of the building, a place where 24 mass graves were forced to be buried, with a total of 2,281 Jews buried, who died from the coldness of the last winter during the Holocaust. Jews who passed away from all around the Ghetto were brought here at the end of the war.

The names of the dead etched on the leaves on the tree in the memorial were requested by donors, and the tradition continues throughout the years, in a yearly ceremony where new leaves are added to the tree. On the leaf before the last one on each branch a number is written, like is common in all Hungarian Jewish cemeteries.


#Additional Memorials in the Complex

Not less important than the weeping willow are the two memorials near it. The first is in the shape of a marble board, meant to commemorate the actions of Raoul Wallenberg, who was a Swedish diplomat that saved thousands of Hungarian Jews and has been named Righteous Among the Nations, probably the most well-known one. His personal fate was not good, as Wallenberg disappeared at the end of the war, and years later it was discovered that he had apparently died in Soviet captivity.

Nearby, 4 marble plaques are placed, with the names of 240 Hungarian Righteous Among the Nations, who saved Jews during the Holocaust, while risking their own lives, and the lives of their family.



#Tips

Even if the museum and the synagogue are closed, you can still see the memorial, beyond the fence. Just go towards the back of the building on the left side.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/a4Eza6vX03Y
The Jewish Museum in Budapest
Hungarian Jewish Museum and Archives
#About the Jewish Museum of Budapest

The Hungarian Jewish Museum and Archives (Magyar Zsidó Múzeum) was built in 1930 in the childhood home of Benjamin Ze'ev Herzl, in the neighborhood of the Big Synagogue in Budapest. The museum presents the story of the Jewish community in the city, a community that was destroyed and almost completely erased in the Holocaust.

The museum, the second largest Jewish museum in Europe, includes many display items from the daily lives of the Hungarian Jews, and in Budapest in general. It exhibits very well the wealthy community that lived here for hundreds of years.

In the museum there are 4 wings. Each focuses on a different aspect of the daily lives of the Jews in the community. The themes are; daily Jewish lives, Jewish holidays, the Hungarian Jew's Holocaust and Judaica items used for the Sabbath. The Judaica items on display were collected from all around the former Austro-Hungarian Empire.

Like in the next-door synagogue, the Jewish Museum also took on itself the job of preserving and commemorating. It includes a dark memorial room with many photos from World War II, like the Hungarian Jewish community experienced it. There is a column that tells the tale and commemorates the poet Hannah Szenes. In the courtyard of the building is an impressive monument for the Jews of Budapest, to the diplomat and Righteous Among Nations Raoul Wallenberg, and others who helped the Hungarian Jews hide from the Nazis.



#History of the Museum

The museum, built in 1930 in the childhood home of Theodore Herzl, and filled an important and brave job in the years when antisemitism in Hungary grew, and prevented Jewish artists from showcasing their work. This is when the museum stood strong, who back then didn't even have to do with art. The museum began displaying exhibits by Jewish artists, whose religion prevented them from displaying in other museums or galleries around Budapest.

In the tough years of the war, the National Museum employees helped hide displays from the Jewish Museum in the basement of the National Museum. This is how items were saved from the tough bombings of the allied air raids and from the hands of the Nazis themselves.


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.