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Jewish Quarter in Amsterdam

Museum het Rembrandthuis
Rembrandt House Museum
#About the Museum

The Rembrandt House Museum (Museum het Rembrandthuis), located in the Jewish Quarter, is home to the painter Rembrandt van Rijn. He lived here for 20 years, between the years 1639-1659 and now serves as a museum for the commemoration of his life and work.

The building was built in 1600. At that time, where the young painter was newly married, he lived in this respectable middle-class neighborhood. Among the Jews living in the quarter, Rembrandt was able to find inspiration in the creation of his famous biblical images.

Rembrandt was also known for his amazing engravings. They were very sought after and their printing in books revealed his work in all directions. The exhibits in the museum explain the complex creation process of the etching. Rembrandt took advantage of the method of engraving with a flexible hand and dealt with all kinds of subjects - from magical leaps to Biblical subjects.

At the end of the 19th century the museum was renovated, and in 1911 it was opened and dedicated entirely to Rembrandt's art. The museum has 260 works out of the 290 works Rembrandt painted in his life. You can also see the self portraits that he used to paint, which allow you to dive into his inner feelings. It is apparent that at the beginning of the publication and the glory of his face he was full of confidence and pleasure, while in the later pictures he seemed more restrained and closed.

The place is very authentic and allows you to enter the artist's life story and imagine him walking around the studio and passing his time with his family. Welcome to the family!



A Closer Look at Rembrandt's House:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fNCEehdpHy0
Jewish historical Museum
Jewish Historical Museum Amsterdam
# About the Museum

The Museum of Jewish History is located in Amsterdam and presents the history of Judaism, in the Netherlands in particular and throughout the world in general. It opened in 1932 in Newmarket Square. However, during World War II, when the Netherlands was conquered by the Nazis, the museum was closed for lack of choice and most of its collections were lost.

In 1966 the synagogue complex returned to the local authorities and the museum was opened there. The museum has a variety of exhibits that describe important topics related to Judaism: from religious holidays and ceremonies, through the Holocaust and Zionism to the history of the Jewish community. The museum also has a special wing for children.

The number of items in the museum reaches 11,000 exhibits, but despite the large quantity, only 5% of the total items are displayed each time. On the first floor you can see religious objects. Anyone who is interested in Jewish customs and traditions can find sufficient explanations here. The museum has a large synagogue, where you can learn about the history of Jews living in the Netherlands from 1600 to 1890. In the adjacent synagogue hall, you can watch an exhibition depicting the history of Dutch Jewry in the 20th century. Beyond the exhibits, there are also many historical documents and photographs, books and pamphlets, listening and viewing materials.

In 1989, the Museum won the Council of Europe Prize for its unique collections, unique structure and presentation of the items.



A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0wfs07qhCjk
Hortus Botanicus
Hortus Botanicus
#About the Garden

Amsterdam's botanical gardens are one of the oldest in the world. It was established in 1638 by the city council, with the purpose of growing medicine plants for pharmacists. The garden is one of the leading tourist attractions in the city, because it is a nice tropical corner in the city, with waterlilies, massive leaves, and a lot of greenery.

Starting in the 17th century the collection was enhanced by plants, brought by merchants from the Dutch East Indies Company. There are over 6,000 trees and plants, some of the varieties are even in danger of extinction.

In 1987 The University of Amsterdam stopped funding the gardens, and the gardens went through financial trouble. It was finally rescued thanks to private donations, but to maintain the garden to its highest standards, the city of Amsterdam assisted as well. There are two venues to hold events in, and can be rented out.

In the garden you will see the "Palm House." It was built in 1912, and contains a collection of cycads (a series of seedless vascular plants). You can also see the new greenhouse, built in 1993. This greenhouse has three different areas of climates. It contains a few benches spread out around the building, where you can take a short break.



A Closer Look at the Garden:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vimI4m5D4qE
Portuguese Synagogue Amsterdam
Portuguese Synagogue Amsterdam
#About the Synagogue

The Mizrachi and Portuguese Jews, Jews who immigrated to the Netherlands following the expulsion from Spain, used the Portuguese Synagogue in Amsterdam. This ancient synagogue was built more than 300 years ago and is known as "Isnoga," synagogue in Ladino.

The synagogue was designed by architect Elias Bauman. Its construction began in 1671, but stopped after a year for two years, following wars and economic and political crises. In 1674 construction resumed and in 1675 the synagogue was inaugurated.

In the 1970's and 1980's, after most of Amsterdam's Jews moved to the suburbs, there were hardly any permanent worshipers. The synagogue became active only on Saturdays. Although the synagogue is mostly part of the Portuguese community, most of the worshipers are Israelis belonging to the Sephardi communities and Jewish tourists.

A visitor center and a museum on the history of the synagogue can be seen here. Notice the entrance to the synagogue, above which you can see the engraved inscription in Hebrew letters. A verse from a Psalm is quoted here in the Book of Psalms.

The synagogue is built on wooden foundations that stand in the water. In order to perform maintenance work you have to sail the boat under it.

Around the synagogue there are low buildings that create a wall, among them the winter synagogue, offices, workers' residences, the "Tree of Life" library, a Mikveh and Beit Tahara. The buildings form a kind of inner common area, in which a safe and protected playground is built for the children of the worshipers who come here.



A Closer Look at the Synagogue:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z1HwWYDYMcQ


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

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בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.