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Kalemegdan Park
#About the Park Next to the Historic Fortress

The famous fortress of Belgrade, the impressive fortress overlooking the rivers, the Save and the Danube, surrounds Kalemegdan Park, the great green area. During the war with the Ottoman Turks this green area was a fierce battle zone.

The big park is divided into two parts. The southern most park of the two is the largest and is where the fort of the city stands. On the north side is the small park.

In the park there are geometrical promenades, shaded places for picnics and romantic hideouts, which allows for solitude, amusement and play for children as well. There are enough nice places here, like gates and canals, where you can get lost and have fun. The park also has green spaces, sports complexes, art, museums such as the Hunting Museum and Military Museum, and even a nice zoo.

Try to spend a few minutes and wander through the outer exhibits of the large collection of weapons from the military museum in the park. Among them are cannons, artillery equipment and armor from the 18th century.

In the park there are two sculptures by the Serbian artist Ivan Mestrovich, one of which is the Victor Statue standing on a 14-meter pillar and the very impressive Marianne Statue that was erected as a token of thanks to France for its unique contribution to the development of Belgrade.

The observation of the sunset, the meeting of the Sava and Danube rivers, is wonderfully beautiful. If you can get there then - the pleasure is guaranteed!

A Closer Look:


A View from Above:

The Victor
Victor Statue
#About the Tall Statue Overlooking Belgrade

In Kalemegdan Park stands the tall 14-meter tall Victor Statue. The Victor Statue symbolizes the Serb victories in the Balkan wars, looks like a naked man with one hand holding a falcon, and a sword in the other.

This impressive sculpture was erected here to mark the liberation of Belgrade from the yoke of the Ottoman Turkish Empire, which ruled for many years, while one of the historical incarnations and conquests in Belgrade and Serbia passed through the years.

Incidentally, the first plan was to place the Victor Statue in the square of( Terezia in the center of the city. It was abandoned when conservative voices opposed it because of its nakedness. The ultimate compromise was to place the Victor on a high pole in Kalemegdan Park, so that his nudity would not stand out too much ...

The statue, which was inaugurated in 1928, 16 years after Belgrade was liberated from the Ottoman Empire that ruled it, has over the years become one of the most recognizable symbols of the city and the most prominent of its landscape.


Observation at sunset, from the place next to the statue, will allow you to watch the sunset above the unique riverside encounter opposite the city to the far horizon.

A Look at the Statue of Victor from the Hovering Traveler from the Park:

Monument of Gratitude to France
Monument of Gratitude to France
#About the Park Next to the Historic Fortress

In Kalemegdan Park stands the statue of Marianne, a 4-meter statue standing on a 7-foot stand. The name of the monument is "The Monument of Gratitude to France." This monument was created by the great artist Ivan Mastrovich, who August Rodin, one of the greatest sculptors in history, said of him that "Mastrovich is the greatest phenomenon among the sculptors." Mastrovich also created the Victor Statue, which is also in the park.

The statue, which shows the image of Marianne crying for help for Serbia, invited the Serbs to thank France. The gratitude came to them after the difficult years that Serbia experienced during and after World War I. The French helped the war, along with the Serbs, against the Austro-Hungarian Empire. During the Battle of Belgrade in 1915, many French soldiers and soldiers of both nations fought side by side in heavy battles on the front of Salonika.

At the end of World War I, the love between the peoples grew even stronger. This happened when it became clear that nearly a quarter of Serbia's population was killed in the war, over a million people out of a population of 4.6 million before the war. France then offered to absorb many orphans whose parents had been killed.

And so, after the war, King Peter I, who was already king of Yugoslavia, pushed for the establishment of a monument to commemorate the Serbian appreciation and friendship they felt toward the French.

The reliefs on the base of the statue depict the groups of soldiers who are partners in the war, the Serbian and the French. On the other side a mother nursing her children, a symbol of France who helped her Serbian children.

It writes: "To France. We love France as it loved us in 1914-1918."

# Who is Marianne?
Marianne, the icon of the French Revolution, represents French freedom. Many know her demeanor, from the painting "Liberty leads the people" by the painter Delacroix.

It is an allegorical, imaginative female figure created to represent the new values ​​of free France, the ones after the French Revolution. The rebels loved the idea of ​​a woman as a refreshing antithesis to the masculine rule of the privileged and nobles before the revolution. Marianne was the realization of the hope for a new future, in the spirit of the saying of "liberty, equality, fraternity" or in the original language "Liberté, égalité, fraternité!"

From the revolution to the present, many of the French view it as a symbol of freedom and reason. To this day she appears in many works of art, stamps and posters in France.
Zoo vrt Kalemegdan
Belgrade Zoo
#About the Zoo With the White Lions In the City of Belgrade

With a long atmosphere and tradition, a visit to the Belgrade Zoo is an excellent and educational choice for anyone who wants to experience some nature, especially with children, in the capital of Serbia. This zoo has over 2,000 animals, with about 270 different species.

The Belgrade Zoo is located in the castle park in the city center, near the Belgrade Fortress. It covers about 70,000 square meters and is considered one of the favorite attractions for children in the city.

Many consider it a favorite place not only for these children, but adults as well. One of the important reasons that the Belgrade Zoo is famous throughout the world, as the breeding center of the
rare white lions. In 2005 two white lions were brought to the zoo, called Masha and Vombo from South Africa. After their offsprings were born here, some of them were distributed in a number of zoos in Europe and America and, being very rare, attract many visitors everywhere.

A Closer Look:


Kalemegdan Park

Beogradska Tvrdava
Belgrade Fortress
#About the Impressive Fortress of Belgrade that Has Amazing Viewpoints

The Belgrade Fortress (Beogradska Tvrdava) is like a crown placed on the head of the city of Belgrade. There are not many sites that teachs about the history of the city more than the impressive fortress.

In the fortress you can walk on wooden bridges and pass the ancient gates right into history. There are two towers, an upper and lower one, and today the museum for the history of Belgrade sits here.

Beyond the beauty of the fotress, this fortress offers one of the best views over the city of Belgrade. Take a short tour and make time to look over the view seen from here, especially looking at the connecting Sava and Danube Rivers. On a beautiful day with good visibility, the view here is impressive and special.

#History of the Belgrade Fortress

With roots dating back to the Neolithic period, through the Roman army, the Byzantine Empire, Hungarian, Bulgarian, Crusader and Turkish rulers, later Austro-Hungarians to the present day, the fortress has been the center of many significant events in the history of Belgrade. Once it was considered one of the strongest military strongholds in Europe and from there emerged the first rebellion of the Ottoman Empire.

The Belgrade Fortress (Beogradska Tvrdava) was built and destroyed nonstop, beginning in the 1st century AD. Originally the fortress was built as a Roman outpost, located opposite the connecting point of the banks of the Sava and Danube Rivers, in order to enable the Romans to control the strategic point.

Over the years, the fortress was often looted, sometimes destroyed and rebuilt. Everyone passed here through history from hand to hand. Who did not mess, hold or destroy this fortress? - the Byzantines, the Slavs, the Ottomans, the Hungarians, and the Austrians. Everyone passed by.

Until the 18th century, the fortress underwent dozens of transformations and changes. The stories the thick walls could tell, along with the displays of armor and cannons here, are evidence that can hint at this history.

Today, the fortress and the park host many tourists each year and a variety of art, sports and tourism events.

A Closer Look:


A View from Above:


Wandering Around:


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

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אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

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