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La Plaza de la Villa

La Plaza de la Villa
La Plaza de la Villa
#About the Beautiful Square in Madrid

La Plaza de la Villa is a beautiful square, that many see at the most beautiful of all the squares in Madrid.

This square is surrounded by different buildings, each one from a different era, style, architecture, and more. One of them is City Hall, that was slowly built through 1644-1787. Next to that is the La Casa de Cisneros, a look-alike palace. This house, carrying the name of Archbishop Cisneros that lived in the area between 1436-1517, was built in 1573. It is considered an excellent example of S panish Renaissance architecture. When City Hall filled up at the start of the 20th century, the Casa de Cisneros was purchased by the city municipality.

Be sure to also see the Torre de los Lujanes, a beautiful building in the square. It was built in the Mudéjar architecture style, a traditional Islamic style that was preserved in Spain, even with the Christian rule. Throughout history, that tower became famous, for it was the place where the French Emporer Francis I was imprisoned after he was defeated by Carlos I in the battle of Pavia.

Notice the National Archives (Nacional Hemeroteca) for journalists, a design that was also influenced by the Mudéjar style of architecture.

At the center of the square is a bronze statue of Alvaro de Bazan, considered to be the Spanish hero of the Lapanto War. This war was a naval war that happened in 1571 near the beaches of Greece, where the naval coalition of forces of the Pope, called the Holy League, beat the Ottoman navy. The winning coalition was made from the Hapsburg House of Austria, Venetians, and the Spanish. The winning battle meant that the Austrian Hapsburg House was to have control over the Mediterranean Sea.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/zhY6Or09jt4


Wandering Around:

https://youtu.be/yUfAuuGO3-g
Casa de la Villa
Casa de la Villa
#About Madrid's Ancient City Hall Building

The City Hall Building (Casa de la Villa) is located in one of the most beautiful squares in the city - La Plaza de la Villa. In this square, back in the 14th century, city officials used to come here and speak about the city's problems, in a church that no longer exists today.

When Madrid became the capital of the Spanish Kingdom, architect Gomez de la Mora was given the task of designing a building that will fit the needs of the municipality, and will show the standing of the new capital.

In the second half of the 18th century a balcony was added to the building, where from the kings of Spain watched religious parades. As well as bein g the City Hall building, the building was also used as a prison. This is when separate entrances were planned for the building, for the different uses.

At the start of the 20th century, when the building became too small for the management of the city activities in Madrid, the municipality bought the Casa de Cisneros next door. Activities were expanded into the additional building. This palace look-alike, built in the 17th century, was planned in the Plateresco style, also called Spanish Renaissance style, a Spanish spin-off of the Italian Renaissance style.



#Tips

Visiting the City Hall is possible only on Mondays at 5:00 pm, as a part of a free tour.

Signing up for the free tour in the beautiful building is at the tourist information desks in the square itself.



The Square and the City Hall:

https://youtu.be/dEwz_pGwpo4


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