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London
London
#About the city of London
The capital city London is a mega city - a huge city that is one of the largest in the world. It covers 1,000 square kilometers and has 8.5 million residents.

In London, the best of Western culture was created. Great monarchic figures, from Henry VIII, through Queen Victoria, Elizabeth I and Elizabeth II. From here, warlords and legendary leaders from Wellington to Churchill determined and shaped the world we live in today. The greatest playwright in the history of the world theater, also worked, created, and directed groups of actors in London, William Shakespeare.

Among the somewhat grayish houses of this conservative, traditional city, among its great palaces and gardens, a vibrant young life developed, full of sounds and modern art. This is where the Beatles started the revolution in the world pop. From here Rock 'n Roll regiments were sent from England to invade American soil, where the mini skirt and the bikini swimwear were developed and adopted. Here the punks of the '70's operated, and today some of the most fascinating artists of modern art do their work.

Oh, and London operates the best public television station in the world, BBC, but who wants to watch TV when they are in London?


#Savings
For public transportation - Buy an Oyster Card.
Supermarket - the Asda and Tesco chains are cheap and very available. The first is very economical but not always pampering or luxurious, and the second is a bit more expensive, but still cost effective and offers a large variety of products.
The museums - some of London's best are free and amazing.
Bus - a great way to get to know London.


#Shopping
Two great shopping spots are Oxford Street and the Westfield London - the largest mall in Western Europe, which has the quantity and variety parallel to those of Oxford Street.


#Must See
Want to see the most popular destinations? - Click on the tag "Must see in London".


#With Children
Family Vacation? - Click on the tag "Attractions for children in London".


#Food
Unforgettable meal? - Click on the tag "Must eat in London".


#Tip
In most European countries service fees are already included in the check, so it is customary to give a 2 euro tip, regardless of the price of the check itself.


#UK Country Code
+44


#Electric Outlets
The required type of plug is only Type G.


A taste of the upcoming trip? - Here's a video that will show you the city in all its beauty:
https://youtu.be/X8zLJlU_-60


And one more:
https://youtu.be/-VkL-5CNw9A


Some of the Local street food:

https://youtu.be/yoSbZIe4JnI
Royal Observatory Greenwich
Royal Observatory Greenwich
#The Observatory of 0° Longitude

The famous Royal Observatory of Greenwich stands atop a hill in the heart of Greenwich Park. It was the observatory that gave Greenwich its unique geographic location called the 0º longitude, which many recognize as the Greenwich Line. This observatory is now used as a museum. It is at the top of the hill in Greenwich Park overlooks the Thames.

The observatory was established for Charles II in 1675. Originally it served as the study of the Royal Astronomer of the United Kingdom. The astronomer John Flamsteed was a director of the observatory and responsible for analyzing the exact location of the stars, correcting the charts of the sky movements and, in general, anything related to the knowledge and exploration of navigation.

This building was the first to be built in Britain and was dedicated to scientific research, which explains its great importance to the culture of science. After World War II, due to heavy air pollution in London, the use of the building was discontinued. Today you will find attractions for the whole family: rooms with a giant telescope, an advanced astronomy center and an advanced planetarium.



#Meridian Courtyard

In the courtyard of the museum you will find the Greenwich Line (longitude 0), marked as a green laser beam coming out of the building in the north. Many visitors like to be photographed on both sides of the line (one leg on the west side of the earth and the other on the eastern side) and set the clocks according to Greenwich Mean Time.

Greenwich Mean Time was set according to the 0 ° longitude, which served as an international clock in the past.

Every day at 13:00, the fall of the red "ball of time" can be seen from the top of the mast. The purpose of the time ball, which is on the observatory, is to mark the exact time for the Thames sailors.



#A Closer Look at the Royal Observatory Greenwich:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M0JvpVd8URU
Red House
Red House
#The Country House to Learn About British Architecture in the 19th Century

The Red House is recognized as one of the most important examples of British architecture in the 19th century.

It is an artistic building located in a small town in southeastern London. It was designed by architect Philip Webb and designer William Morris in 1859. The house was intended for William Morris and his wife. Construction was completed in 1860.

Morris, inspired by his education at Oxford University, decided to build a country house, far from central London. He bought the plot and asked his friend Philip Webb to help him design and build the house. He took the money for construction and design from the inheritance from his wealthy family. Morris was deeply influenced by the Middle-Ages and neo-Gothic styles. This is indeed clearly reflected in the overall design of the house.

It was here that Morris's two daughters, Jenny and May, were
born. At first he thought he would live here for the rest of his life, but he
soon realized that the style dictated by the house did not match his economic ability, being too lavish and expensive. Indeed, Morris sold the property five years later.

Today the house is declared a national heritage site.



#Building the Red House

The red house was built in traditional construction, which was influenced by the Middle-Ages. There are red bricks, a sloping roof with gables at different heights, skylights and large white chimneys. This residence was the first example of a house designed in the spirit of the new culture, and the first to be designed with attention to the close connection between the exterior and the interior. It was built using ancient construction methods and without the use of advanced technology at all.

There is no doubt that the Red House is designed as a home, an inviting living space. It has no ostentatious and estranged glory. No money was spent on prestigious gardens, there was no exaggerated display of decorations and ornaments, and there was no attempt to emphasize art.

The Red House served as a residence for various individuals until 2002. During this period, changes were made to its interior design. In 2003, the National Fund purchased the house, which in turn undertook the goal of preserving and maintaining the house, along with attractions for visitors and a souvenir shop.
Richmond Park
Richmond Park
#About the London Area Park

Richmond Park is the largest of London's royal parks. In addition, it gives the other parks a run for their money, mainly because it offers a real sense of nature, feeling more like a field trip than a well-planned park.

The total area of the park is 9.5 square kilommeters, and is acknowledged as an official nature reserve. The diverse vegetation includes hundreds of types of trees, flowers, mushrooms and shrubs, and the animals in the park include deer, squirrels, foxes and gazelles. A duel between the red deer over the females is quite a magnificent sight that occurs in the fall. The birds are not to be missed, as they create pleasant sounds adding to the idyllic atmosphere.

The park was originally built for King Charles I, who used it
for hunting sport. In the past, the park was surrounded by a
16 kilometer long wall. Some of its remnants remain to be seen to this day. The British locals engage in various activities inside the park: fishing, rugby, boating or pedaling around the park.



#Theater in the Park

The classic historical drama "Anne of the Thousand Days", released in 1969, gives a glimpse into the 16th-century Richmond Park. It is a special film taken at Richmond Park, and it somehow reflects the dramatic history that took place in the England.

The film tells the love story between King Henry VIII and his short marriage to Anne Boleyn. Because the film accurately describes the events that took place, it was only natural to film it in Richmond Park. The park was one of the king's favorite hunting spots. He and his wife Anne Boleyn spent their honeymoon not far away, at Hampton Court.

King Henry VIII, who was portrayed in the film by Richard Burton,
was obsessed with a male heir. But his wife, Anne Boleyn, was unable to have a son, so she remained a queen less than three years before being executed, to make way for another woman. Anne Boleyn was played in the film by the actress Genevieve Bujold. The film won four Golden Globes and one Oscar.



#Deer in Richmond Park

The deer played a major role in the history of the park and are an inseparable part of the landscape here.

Their special habitat depends on pastures and the trees in the park.

Their breeding season is during autumn. At this time, the males compete for the females, with the big males roaring, barking and colliding, trying to fight rival males and attract the females. The newly born babies are hidden by the mothers, because they are very vulnerable at this stage of their lives. The mothers will passionately defend their young.

Deer are wild animals, which means that it is important to maintain a distance of at least 50 meters from them and not stand between two, especially during the turbulent autumn season. It is also important to know that you ca not touch, feed or photograph the deer from close range.



#A Closer Look at the Park:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QaxcdwxcEaI

London

WWT London Wetland Centre
WWT London Wetland Centre
#About the Center

You can find refuge from the bustle and noise of the city can be found the center of endangered birds. The site is comprised of four Victorian reservoirs packed into one of the rings of the Thames.

The center was first opened in 2000, and in 2002 an area of ​​29.9 hectares (each hectare = ten dunam) was designated as a special scientific interest.

The center covers more than 300,000 square meters of land that has been converted into a wide variety of salty and habitats, before the center opened in May 2000. It was the first urban project of its kind in the UK.

Many wild birds which made their home in the Centre cannot be found anywhere else in London. These include the Eurasian bittern, northern pintail, northern lapwing, water rail, rose-ringed parakeet, Eurasian sparrowhawk, sand martin, common kingfisher, little grebe and great crested grebe.

It hosts regular lectures and events related to the preservation of the animals in Britain, and named one of the “Seven Wonders of nature" in 2005 by the BBC’s edition on wonders of nature.

There is also a large visitors’ building that is used alternately as a wedding venue.



#A Closer Look at the Centre:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p0hZ5CZCguk
Keats House
Keats House
#About the Museum

The Keats Museum is located in the home of John Keats, one of the most important romantic poets in the history of England. The site is now a museum and a literary center.

Keats's poetry often depicts with beauty, speaks of ideals, and compares between the perfection of ideals and their realization in reality. Keats liked to infuse his writing with themes from Greek mythology and the beauty of nature and art.

In Keats house, one can learn about Keats' life and work through an exhibition of his tools, original manuscripts and art objects which portray the fascinating story of a young poet who finds inspiration, friendship and love.

Various events are held at the house during the year, such as singing performances and family activities. The Keats House always has a source of entertainment whether it be listening to Keats's poetry, watching a movie about his busy life in Hampstead or trying you hand at some poetry of your own.



#A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://youtu.be/9gzYzKUa9U4
Portobello Road Market
Portobello Road Market
#About Notting Hill’s Antique Market

With the winning combination of a fresh and stimulating food market, along with vintage stores and picturesque boutique shops, Portobello Road Market is considered one of the best markets in Europe.
The Portobello market is the famous market of Notting Hill, which also appears in the movie featuring its name. The market is named after Portobello Street on which it operates.

Antique shops are open all week long. Saturdays feature many stands and a more festive environment in the market made up of bands and street artists, who perform in every corner. They play magic tricks, put on pantomimes and play music, and put on amusing street performances.

A fun detective mission: Here’s a challenge-

Look out for the famous blue door from Notting Hill.
Have you found it? - Great.
Now is the time to look for the bookstore from the movie!
Have fun!



#A Closer Look at the Market:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jmoIlrENwig
Freud Museum London
Freud Museum London
#About the Museum

The Freud Museum is not a classic museum where you can be exposed to various exhibitions. The museum is actually the home of the world-renowned psychologist. In his home you will experience a truly nostalgic experience, with one of the greatest scientists and perhaps the most important figure in the history of psychology. Sigmund Freud, the father of psychoanalysis, left Vienna and moved to Hampstead, a wealthy London suburb in 1938. There were quite a few intellectuals like him at Hampstead. After Freud's death the estate was left to his family, until the death of his youngest daughter in 1982. In 1986 the house became a museum.

In the museum you will find furniture from Freud's house. One of the most prominent exhibits is the couch on which Freud's patients lay during his treatment. Rumor has it that many fascinating and interesting problems were raised on this couch. In the museum you will also find a collection of works of art from the 18th and 19th centuries, which were private collections of Freud and his personal library.



#A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K79kBkWsvvY


Design Museum
Design Museum
#About the Design Museum of London, a Museum of Useful Arts

The Design Museum is situated in what was in the 1940's a... banana warehouse. It was later converted into a building and became a museum.

This is one of the most popular museums in London, and for a good reason. It focuses on industrial design, fashion design and architecture.

The building is comprised of 3 floors, each room has a different design concept, including the bathroom. Temporary exhibitions fill the first floor. The second floor is designed as a swimming pool, and on the third floor the permanent exhibitions, which presents the history of design in England, as well as an educational center for design.

Yet along with historical matters, the London Design Museum is known for its openness to innovations in art and design. A large sum of money is given to designers each year as a prize. This award is now considered the most prestigious in the world of design. Renowned designers submit their candidacy every year and regard it as a great honor and proof of their professionalism.

However at times, the Design Museum often receives press that is unlinked to innovation and creativity, or remotely linked to art. From time to time, the oft-occurring switch of directors and curator has brought about publicity. Surprisingly, there is a lot of passion and fervor surrounding this event. They lead to many arguments regarding artistic matters, the tension between art and usability and sometimes simply the character of the design museum. Every manager brings his own agenda and the rumpus continues...



#A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fACJcQulfo8
Abbey Road
#The Pedestrian Crossing of Abbey Road

The most famous pedestrian crossing in London and possibly the world, is situated on Abbey Road Street in Britain. One of the most famous photographs in the history of rock and modern culture was taken here. In 1969, when the four musicians recorded their last album, they decided that a photograph would be printed on the cover. Someone suggested posing across the road from the studio. They went out and walked across the pedestrian crossing and called for an album named after the street where it was recorded.

Thus the pedestrian crossing opposite Abbey Road became a pilgrimage site for masses of tourists. Just like "Abbey Road Studios", the crossing was also declared a British heritage site over the years. Hundreds of tourists recreate the album cover every day, just like the Beatles. They take their photo on the crossing and recreate that great moment. For a moment, they can feel like Paul, John, George, or Ringo. .

The crossing has been moved a few meters from its original location due to renovations and changes that occurred at the intersection over the years. If you see a difference, you will now understand why.



#Abbey Road Studios

This is the studio where countless albums were recorded which are now a staple in musical history. Aside from The Beatles, the most famous is the "Dark Side of the Moon" by Pink Floyd.

Incidentally, Abbey Road Studios were not always called by this name. Many do not know that the name of the street and the pedestrian crossing opposite the Abbey Road Studios preceded the names of these studios. Only after the success of the album and the transformation of the pedestrian crossing to a sacred site for the fans of the band, the studios were renamed the "Abbey Road" studios. Now, both these spots became a "Mecca" of Beatles fans all over the world.

Today, tourists are not allowed to enter and even "peek" into the Abbey Road studio buildings, and certainly not into the studios themselves.
However, photographs on the front steps is allowed. You can compete with tourists from all over the world, all of whom take a turn to stand on the steps of these studios and take the necessary photo op.



#A Closer Look at the Studios:

https://youtu.be/so7Hg6NLkyI
Highgate Cemetery
#About the Cemetery

Highgate Cemetery opened in 1839. Over the years it became one of London's most famous burial sites. The grounds are built on the expanse of 150 dunam, where well-known personalities from the British capital, as well as ordinary residents of the city are buried. The cemetery was designed by the architect Stephen Geary. It is in this cemetery where revolutionaries like Karl Marx, scientists (like Michael Faraday), creators (like Mary Ann Evans), anarchists and communists, Parliament members, military officers and capitalists finally meet.

The municipality of London faced issues at the beginning of the 19th century. The churches at that time did not meet the burden of the dead and the Parliament legally allowed the establishment of private cemeteries. That was the basis for opening Highgate.

The architect who designed the cemetery was Stephen Geary. Over the years, buildings were built on the grounds, elaborate tombstones were erected, some of them large neo-Gothic style. These reflect the social and political history of Victorian London, London of the 19th century. The cemetery is full of trees, shrubs and flowers, growing almost without human contact. Many animals can be found here - butterflies and birds, hedgehogs, bats and foxes.

A hill at the height on 114 meters stands on the compound. Tombs, catacombs, burial estates and passageways were excavated and built into the ground. Of the famous structures on the hill is the Egyptian avenue – a passage inside the hill lined by burial chambers. This is designed in an Egyptian style inspired by the Valley of Kings near Luxor. Another structure is the Lebanon Circle – an avenue dug into the ground around an ancient Lebanese cedar tree with burial chambers in its walls.

Since its establishment, the cemetery has been managed by the London Cemetery Company. However as the demand for burial declines, it became neglected due to a lack in funding. Since 1981, the cemetery has been managed by the Friends of Highgate Cemetery Trust, which rehabilitates and renovates the area.



#The Dark Side of the Cemetery

Located in northern London, the Highgate Cemetery, founded in 1839, is the final resting place of over 170,000 people, including some well-known figures of our time.

Despite the pastoral green that surround the grounds, many people report graves surrounded by ghosts, supernatural powers, dark sounds and other strange activities that take place while they are in the cemetery.
One famous story is that of the vampire of the cemetery. This vampire is not from children stories but rather a phantom at a height of over two meters. He wears a long black robe and has penetrating red eyes. Legend has it that the vampire has been observed several dozen times in the cemetery since the 1960s.

According to rumors, the vampire was actually a nobleman who lived during the Middle Ages in Romania. His body was transferred to England sometime in the 18th century and he was buried in the grounds of the Highgate Cemetery. It was here that he dwelled for several decades until "resurrected" by a satanic sect that operated throughout the cemetery. Disturbingly, several bodies of foxes and other dead animals were found in the cemetery. Of-course this can be dismissed by a notion that it is "nonsense", but the stories also spark a fear in people who then go seeking out the vampire wandering among the graves. You can choose which response you prefer…



#A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8CEZJAvNQdM
Windsor Castle
#About the Castle

Look around you - you're standing in the largest manned castle in the world. Windsor Castle is one of the main residences of the British royal family. The castle has been used by the royal family for nearly 1000 years and they usually spend their time here during Easter and the Royal Ascot Week (the week when horse races are held) and sometimes on weekends.

The castle was originally built for William, King of England, and its purpose was to protect the city of London. However the appearance of the castle was slightly different back then. Most of the current palace was built by King George IV (1820), who added much of its height.

The rooms are open to visitors if you desire a look inside the palace. Make sure not to skip the main attraction of the palace - Queen Mary's dollhouse.



#About Queen Mary's Dollhouse

Even if you are not a puppeteer or a fan of dolls, the dollhouse it still a fascinating site. Queen Mary's dollhouse was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens for Queen Mary, the wife of King George V. The dollhouse was exhibited at the British Empire exhibition (a colonial exhibition that took place in 1924 at Wembley) and was later moved here to Windsor Castle.

The doll house is built in a ratio of 12 to 1, which means that the furniture and products that characterize the house are also small in proportion. The most impressive fact is these furniture pieces and appliances were built by the same companies that made them the usual size and all of them are active - the lamps, the electrical appliances and even the water pipes have water.

The doll house also has tiny books, including special editions of rare works and the original text. Some artists (including Arthur Conan Doyle and Somerset Maugham) were asked to write stories especially for Dollhouse.



#The Queen Victoria

Victoria was the granddaughter of King George III, who fought against the fathers of the nation during the American War of Independence. Although most of us could only fantasize over such a respectable role, Victoria did not want to inherit the role of Queen and shed many tears when she realized that one day she would ascend the throne.

In 1837, at the age of 18, Victoria was crowned queen. Two years later she received an offer of marriage to her cousin Albert, a German prince of Saxony-Coburg-Gotha. He became her husband and helped her control the kingdom fearlessly during her early years.

The Queen's reign is named after her: "The Victorian period" - it is characterized as a period of industrial revolution, a period in which there were many developments in the fields of society, economy and technology. In was in her time that the British Empire was considered the strongest empire in the world.

After 21 years of marriage, the prince passed away and queen fell into depression. She shut herself up in her castle, dressed in black clothes, for almost 30 years. The Queen insisted that Albert's rooms remain untouched, left as they were when he was alive, including the water brought to him each morning. The royal subjects, who did everything to please her, devised a system of mourning customs that suited her life. It was only at her 50th birthday that she finally set a celebration, at a fancy banquet to which 50 European kings and princes were invited.

The Queen suffered a stroke in 1901 and passed away. After years of dressing in black (due to mourning), she was buried at her request wearing a white dress and her wedding veil. She was buried beside the love of her life, Prince Albert, in Frogmore Garden on the castle grounds.



#A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XrqImeS9NcQ
Serpentine Gallery
#About the Gallery of Modern and Contemporary Art

The Serpentine Gallery is located in Kensington Gardens in central London. This elegant building served as a tea house at the beginning of the century. The gallery opened in 1970 and in the early years only received visitors during the summer months.

In 1989 the gallery was renovated by Julia Peyton Jones, who was appointed director of the gallery. After the renovation it was opened all year round. Its entrance is free and the 750,000 visitors who visit it every year prove it is very popular.

The gallery offers top-notch artists and it also facilitates cultural and artistic events and community projects. The gallery featured pieces by artists such as Man Ray, Henry Moore, Andy Warhol, Bridget Riley, Alan McCollum and Damien Hirst. One of the permanent pieces is an exhibit by Ian Hamilton Finlay, dedicated to Princess Diana who was a sponsor of the gallery. The work includes eight benches, a signboard tree and a carved stone circle. Near the entrance to the gallery, a memorial site was also erected in the Princess’s memory.

Every summer an architect or artist (one or more) is invited to design a structure with a unique stabilization outside the gallery, the summer pavilion. The pavilion was opened to the public for a few months.

The gallery also has a bookstore, with a variety of art books and catalogs of various exhibitions.



#A Closer Look at the Gallery:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WsIMdoyiG-E
Camden Market
#Camden Market for Tourists

There are quite a few markets in London, and visiting them is a staple in any trip. This is one of the UK's biggest street markets – the fashionable Camden market. Even if you aren’t keen on spending money, (the prices here are higher), will still find pleasure in the tour and special atmosphere it offers. The market has over 150,000 visitors every week.

The Camden market is actually made up of several separate markets: Camden Lock, Camden Lock Village, Stables Market, Buck Street, Inverness Road Market and Electric Ballroom.

The market is located in Camden Town, on the Regent River Canal. It began operating in 1974. Although it was a temporary market, it was popular and successful even during its earliest days, therefore becoming a permanent market. The opening hours also changed over time: In the past, it only operated over the weekend, but in recent years the shops have been active during the week as well.

The market has a total of over 1000 shops and stands, where you can find clothing, antiques and furniture. It is a popular center with plenty of restaurants, shops, cafes and pubs. If you are a fan of Gothic fashion and alternative music, you will find clothing, knickknacks and records that cannot be found elsewhere.



#The Stables at Camden Market

A visit to the stables at Camden Market provides a glimpse at the past rural life that took place in the city. The life-sized bronze statues of horses provide the visitor with an experience and illustration of what used to be here in the past, before the space was converted to the market and was nicknamed the "Stables Market".

The market received its name because it is located in a building that once served as the stables of the Midland Railway company. This section of Camden Market is its largest section, hosting nearly 700 stands and shops. In the stalls that used to house horses, there are stands today with a wide variety of items for sale.

The stables were built in 1854, and many horses hidden in these stables were used to transport goods along the canals. There were vets, carts, saddle shops, and warehouses in this space as well. Although the place looks very modern and trendy today, the stables are still here, due to the horses' statues.



#A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eFx1Z0qe_JE
Science Museum
#About the London Science Museum

The Science Museum in London presents the world of technology and science in a fascinating and experiential way that is suitable for children and is an important attraction in London. The museum is located in the Museum Quarter. The museum is designed in a youthful, colorful and inviting manner.

When the Museum was first established in 1857, it contained the surplus exhibits left from the Great Exhibition held in London in 1851. Today it houses a collection of 300,000 items, including steam engines, jet engines, DNA models and the “gathering time” gallery, featuring a rich collection of more than 500 timepieces. The museum has interactive exhibits and a 3D cinema, in which documentary films are screened.



#A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mqh7uqpu-sE
Natural History Museum
#About Britain's Natural History Museum

The Museum of Natural History is one of the three museums on London’s Exhibition Road, along with the Science Museum and the Victoria and Albert Museum. From a distance, the museum appears to be a palace with turrets. Its Victorian building features white decorations of various colors and animal sculptures on the walls. At the entrance to the museum you will be greeted by a skeleton sculpture of a giant dinosaur - the diplodocus.

The museum presents exhibits from the life sciences and earth sciences, where just about 70 million different exhibits are offered. Botany, insects, dinosaurs, geology and zoology are just some of the topics you will find here. One of the Museum's most fascinating collections is the collection of skeletons of its fossilized dinosaurs, though the museum also contains many other interesting exhibits, such as sensory exploration, animal research, the Earth's ecosystem, and more.

Through experiences and attractions- including games with the audience- the museum succeeds in making this knowledge clear and accessible to visitors. The presentation of the exhibits here teaches visitors how to explore and observe them. In order to facilitate the visitors’ experience, the museum is divided into five sections marked with different colors.



#A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=98Y0U3HS_tA
The Sherlock Holmes Museum
#About the Museum

We know the question on your mind: How can an entire museum be dedicated to a fictional character? In London, everything is possible. The Victorian house standing before you is devoted entirely to the legendary Sherlock Holmes detective, from the book written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. One can understand how significant and popular this series of books is to this day.

This is a particularly popular private museum located on Baker Street in London, the street where the detective resides in the stories. Built in 1815, the building served as a hostel before it became a museum. The museum opened to the public in 1990 by the Sherlock Holmes International Association (a non-profit organization). The atmosphere and even the attire of the employees are reminiscent of the Victorian era.

The museum displays a "reconstruction" of Holmes' personal effects and history - a violin, pipes, letters, rooms and wax figures - all according to what is described in the well-known book.
A souvenir shop is located on the ground floor. The living quarters of the fictional detective is on the second floor, where you will also find Dr. Watson's room (this is the back room where you will find medical books and a diary in which he has written notes according to the plot of the book).

In Watson's room there is an actor who plays Dr. Watson, and you can have a short conversation with him if you like. At the front of the house you can enter Mrs. Hudson's room. On the wall of Holmes's room there are shooting holes (shot by Holmes) that strike the initials of Queen Victoria's name. You can sit in the big armchair in front of the fireplace, take a look at Holmes's collection of magnifying glasses and pipes and impressive hat collection. On the third floor you will find a museum with wax dolls of the characters.

One must admit it's pretty nice for a visit in a fictional man's home!



#A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YKKkXP0CuI0


Hyde Park
#About the Park

Hyde Park is one of the Royal Gardens of London. It is located in the center of London and was originally purchased by Henry VIII, from the Westminster Abbey monks in 1536. Like many royal gardens at the time, it was also closed to visitors at first, and the roads were open to the carriage of the aristocracy only.

In earlier periods, the area served as a hunting ground and an arena for battles, horse races, executions, and more. During World War II, the land in Hyde Park was used to grow potatoes.

In 1728 Queen Caroline took 300 acres from the west side of the park and turned it into Kensington Gardens. It was also the same period the Serpentine lake was built. This is a snake-shaped lake where you can sail or watch the ducks.

It also has a touching memorial to Princess Diana, the "Princess of Hearts", may she rest in peace.

You can stroll around the park easily and see its monuments, enjoy the café or the children's playground.

In 1851, the Crystal Palace was built in Hyde Park for a large exhibition held in London that year. In 1857, the Marble Arch was moved here - a marble arch designed by architect John Nash as the entrance gate to Buckingham Palace and inspired by the Arch of Victory in Rome.



#The Speakers' Corner in the Park

A popular point in the park is "speakers' corner," where many people gather and conduct public discussions to this day. At the "Speakers' Corner" any person may stand and speak at will. People milling about or those who come especially may listen and participate.

Some of the speakers are particularly smart, for example past speakers include Karl Marx, Vladimir Lenin and George Orwell. Others might poke fun or provoke arguments ... This particular custom of speeches has been partially preserved to this day, and every Sunday you will be able to hear various speakers who talk about political, economy and other issues.



#Hyde Park

This park is the perfect pace to take a break from their demanding routine. Locals come here to wander about, get some fresh air and exercise or bike around. The park is one of the eight royal parks within the capital of the United Kingdom and is one of the most prominent green spaces in London.

This park, with 350 dunams of a pastoral and green landscape, has hosted quite a few exhibitions, demonstrations and large concerts. The name "Hyde" may be related to a unique space measured in according to the fertility of the soil. The area contains a range of 60 to 120 dunams.

The southeast corner of the park is actually connected to the backyard of Buckingham Palace, which incidentally is also connected to St. James Park. The palace cavalry uses the park on a daily basis.



#Hyde Park for Tourists

Entrance to the park is possible between 5 AM until midnight. There are about 5 million visitors each year. The park has miles of bicycle lanes, special pathways for horses, hiking trails, playgrounds and sport fields for football, tennis, golf, bowling and cricket. The park has street lamps which allow a pleasant atmosphere in the evening, benches which allow relaxation, taking in a view of the park, cafes, restaurants, water fountains and even a police station. In the summer, about 500 green and white sun loungers are regularly placed in the open air.

Children can also be entertained here , especially in the park named after Princess Diana located inside the big park. Where the children can play in sand and water. Admission to adults is only possible if they have children.

Some very large musical performances took place in this park. Among other things, they found themselves Rolling Stones, Pink Floyd, Kevin, Red Hot Chili Peppers and many more. Hundreds of thousands of spectators attended the performances.

If you're looking for what to incorporate on the day you visit the park, you can add Westminster, Oxford Street, Notting Hill or the Museum Quarter to your plan.



#A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wG-vnMLaMlE
Victoria and Albert Museum
#On the V&A Museum of Childhood in London

Located in Bethnal Green, the London’s Museum of Childhood houses the Victoria and Albert Museum's collection of childhood objects, ranging in date from the 1600s to the present day. As well as toys, dolls and games, the museum has a wealth of objects relating to aspects of childhood including home, childcare, play, learning and clothing.

The museum was founded in 1872 and presented various collections, including the Wallace Collection. The Victorian style building underwent serious renovations at the end of the last century.

The 1920s brought about a turning point in the themes presented at the museum, focusing instead on topics related to childhood and children. This purpose was defined as "learning and researching products made for children and by children."

The museum has three wings: the first wing consists of moving toys, and the second wing contains toys and games designed to develop imagination and creativity. The third wing is dedicated to girls – both past and present.

Temporary exhibitions can also be found alongside the permanent displays. In addition, films and workshops are offered to enrich the experience. The museum offers arts and crafts, drama classes and other activities for children.

The vast collection of toys in the museum includes toy trains, cars, dolls and dollhouses of different sizes. The largest of which is 16 rooms …

A carousel and trains adorn the Museum Garden, an attraction in its own right. If you are a vintage fan, copies of children's books from the 18th and 19th centuries are available for observation.

Most of the museum's activities are free of charge. The museum hosts creative festivals for children and adults in the months of July and August.



#Tips

Admission to the museum is free.

The focus of the museum is toys ranging from the 17th century to the present. There are over 8,000 dolls, 6,000 garments and costumes for children, and a large variety of games and toy production demonstration.



#A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://youtu.be/bNGtxjVFL3g


https://youtu.be/fgisL9A6lEs


https://youtu.be/1z3dHKk7J9s
Saatchi Gallery
#About the Museum

Whereas most galleries pay homage to ancient artists and classics of old, this special gallery focuses on modern, and at times anonymous, artists. Some are even Israelis! This is what is special about this museum. The gallery was established in 2008 in a prestigious building, with the collaboration of Charles Saatchi, an adman and art collector, and the Phillips de Pury auction house. It is important to emphasize that it was opened earlier but was located on the southern bank of the River Thames.

The gallery, which has been around for 25 years, is located on the prestigious Chelsea Street and receives approximately 1.5 million visitors each year. It is a small building, and its three floors can be viewed within an hour. Its large, light-flooded white spaces invite visitors for a pleasant and enriching tour.

The entrance to the gallery and exhibitions are free of charge, but occasionally there are closed events for the public or for paid exhibitions.



#Charles Saatchi

The founder and owner of the gallery was a collector and dealer of art. In 1985 he opened the gallery to display his collections. The original collections presented in the gallery had many works of art, mainly by British and American artists. Later, the gallery expanded to a show of artworks from around the world, including Chinese art.

During his years in the gallery, Saatchi sold many items from his original collection. He supported young artists and invested in a new generation of British artists, some avant-garde artists, whom he financed and promoted. One of the best-known artists of the time was Damien Hirst in 1988.



#Rolling Stones Exhibition

An exhibition was held here in 2016 of more than 500 art objects, costumes, rare recordings and a behind-the-scenes peek at the famous Rolling Stones. The exhibition spanned over the two upper floors of the gallery, and the visitors were able to enjoy an interactive and enriching tour of the band’s journey over time. This gallery took three years of work to put together. The exhibition's reference, incidentally, is less to the band members and more to the accessories they used, their instruments and their objects.



#A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zZ6asMnc3D4
The Wallace Collection
#About the Museum

The Wallace collection is in close proximity to Oxford Street in London. In this art museum you will find the private collections of Sir Richard Wallace, whose first items were collected by Hartford's third and fourth Marquis. The collection was given to the British government by Wallace's widow in 1897 and it was opened to the public in 1900. The museum is located in Manchester Square.

There are 28 rooms in the museum with a warm and intimate environment. China pieces, armor of various kinds and French furniture fill the rooms. Among other things, you will also see oil paintings by Titian, Canaletto, Rembrandt and Gainsborough.

The museum also has a conservation department where you can learn about the traditional production of furniture and armor. The coolest secret for children and young souls is the opportunity to experiment with the fascinating collection of armor of all kinds, spears, swords and other ancient weapons. If you like, you can wear a helmet and a armor, snap a photo and feel their heavy weight.



#A Visit to the Museum

Visiting the museum will make you feel as if you are touring an old and nostalgic palace, but luxurious and impressive all the same. A large indoor lawn fills the first floor, used for holding events. In the other rooms you will encounter designs from different historical periods: the Victorian period, the Renaissance period and more. Fascinating items such as war tools, armor and other items are scattered through the rooms. The souvenir shop offers catalogs and copies of exhibits for sale.

Notice the charming work "The Swing," which was painted by the painter Fragonard in 1767.

There is no entrance fee though it is customary to leave a tip in the donation box at the entrance. Fans of Art and culture will enjoy a visit in this museum, though it is not well known among tourists.



#A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://youtu.be/LnC3eM59tdg
Madame Tussauds
Harrods
The British Library
National Army Museum
Oxford Street