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La Sagrada Familia
La Sagrada Familia
#About the Church

Another of Gaudi's incredible creations is the La Sagrada Familia. This is one of the main attractions in Barcelona, and when it will be finalized, it will be without a doubt one of the most impressive churches in the world.

The church began being built in 1883. In 1926, with Gaudi's sudden death, construction halted. It was continued only in 1946, after many differences of opinions, that came from the fact that Gaudi left no plans for the rest of the construction.



#About the Building's Architecture

It is not surprising that the style of the church is in the Modernism style, that so strongly characterized Gaudi's style, and Barcelona's in general. Most of the decorative elements that you will see on the statues were sculpted by Gaudi himself.

The church is made of 12 tall turrets, 100 meters tall each, symbolizing the 12 Apostles. Today, you can see only 8 of the turrets, since the rest are still under construction. The turrets are divided into three facades symbolizing the birthing of Jesus, his death, and his resurrection. Another turret is futured to be built at the height of 170 meters, symbolizing Jesus himself. Around, 4 additional lower turrets will be added, symbolizing the four evangelists, disciples and messengers of Jesus. Another turret will be erected to symbolize the Virgin Mary.



#About the Building of the Church

The building of the La Sagrada Familia church, the living factory of Gaudi's life, began in 1883. At the beginning of the journey, Gaudi thought it would take only 10 years to construct the building, with the budget of 360,000 pesetas a year. However, because of wars that erupted in Spain and around the world, with the project being funded by donations only, the timeline did not stand. Gaudi, in the last years of his life, got closer to religion and spent most of his time at the construction site. As time passed, Gaudi began to feel that the construction of the building will not be completed before his death. Ironically, in 1926 Gaudi was run over by a light rail that passed outside the construction site, and his grave is located in in the church's crypt.

The church still does not have a completion date, and it is not sure when the construction will end. There is no doubt, however, that when the church is finalized it will be one of the largest and most impressive churches in the world.



#About the Building's Facades

The church to this day is still undergoing a process where parts are added all the time. Every part is planned and constructed carefully, after careful studying and researching of holy texts. The church was planned with three facades, all dedicated to the life of Jesus. So far, only two have been completed, the facade of the Passion and the front of the Nativity

According to the facade of the Passion, you can learn about the last days of Jesus. The facade of Nativity is faced towards the sunrise, with many statues and arches, and at the center a beautiful mosaic. Each one of the facades has 4 bell towers at the height of 100 meters, each dedicated to a different saint from the 12 Apostles. Another main tower, that has yet to be added to the building, will be at the height of 170 meters, and will be dedicated to the symbol of Jesus. Look at the facades, go up to the towers and visit Gaudi's grave. Enjoy!



#What is the Modernism Style?

Modernist style is actually the Catalan version of the style of architecture and plastic art called in French "Art Nouveau." It is characterized by strong vegetation inspiration, an emphasis on colorfulness, natural and rounded lines, and simple and local materials. The most famous Modernist architect is Gaudi, whose style is identified with him. He used style principles over and over again and used motifs like curved walls reminiscent of waves and almost constant avoidance of straight surfaces. He was not the only one to design in the modernist style - there were other architects who starred in this style in Barcelona, ​​such as Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Lluís Domènech i Montaner.
Casa Mil
Casa Milà
#About the Building

This amazing residence attracts many tourists and visitors, especially those who are interested in architecture and design. This is one of the outstanding works of Barcelona's famous architect, Antoni Gaudi. Like many buildings in this area, it was also built in Modernism style, and its construction took 4 years (between 1906-1910). In 1969 the building was declared a national monument, and in 1984 it was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Gaudí's well-known style comes into play, especially in the rounded and wave-like walls, which do not contain straight surfaces. Gaudi finished building the house in 1912 and in fact it was his last project before he began to devote all his time to building the "Sardinia Familia," the great cathedral that would become his life's work.

Of the six floors of the building, only the lower floor and the two inner courtyards, one round and the other elliptical, were used by the family at home.

The dominant structure was not liked at first by the residents of the city and there are rumors that even the Milà family, who invited him, did not fall in love with it at first. As a result, because of the hatred that many felt toward it, the building was nicknamed the insulting La Pedrera - the quarry.

Today there are tours and exhibitions in the building, many of which are dedicated to Gaudi himself.



#About the Architecture of Casa Milà

The structure of the Casa Milà should be examined close to the two buildings next to it. All three are called the "Illa de la Discòrdia" trio.

In Casa Milà we can identify many of the characteristics we know from previous works by Gaudi. It has no straight lines at all and the waves you see from the outside look just like waves or dunes of sand. The motif of the waves repeats itself again in the interior decoration of the building (in figures of octopus, shells and marine vegetation). Iron railings on balconies resemble little seaweed or climbing aquatic plants. The entire structure is curved and made of limestone, except for the upper part, which combines white tiles that create the image of a snowy mountain. There is no doubt that the impressive building attracts a lot of attention.

The entire building is six stories high. On the lower part are two inner courtyards - one round and the other elliptical. On the top floor you will see staircases leading to the roof, supported by a series of parabolic arches, overlooking the urban neighborhood. The designed chimneys, which are located on the roof of the building and are decorated with ceramic tiles, were called "witch scarecrows" because of their interesting appearance.

According to Gaudi's plans, the facade of the building was supposed to receive religious significance through the statues of the Virgin and the angels Gabriel and Michael on both sides, each at a height of 4 meters. Even if these are not here, in front of the building you can still see a large gate, on the doorpost above which is written the sentence: "Oh, Maria full of grace, My God is with you."



#What is the Modernism Style?

Modernist style is actually the Catalan version of the style of architecture and plastic art called in French "Art Nouveau." It is characterized by strong vegetation inspiration, an emphasis on colorfulness, natural and rounded lines, and simple and local materials. The most famous Modernist architect is Gaudi, whose style is identified with him. He used style principles over and over again and used motifs like curved walls reminiscent of waves and almost constant avoidance of straight surfaces. He was not the only one to design in the modernist style - there were other architects who starred in this style in Barcelona, ​​such as Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Lluís Domènech i Montaner.



#Tip

Warm recommendation - go up to the roof of the building, take note of the amazing view, especially in the direction of the neighborhood "Eixample."


A Closer Look at the Casa Milà:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YNB_DxirjHA
Park Guell
Park Güell
#About the Park Designed by the Legendary Architect of Barcelona - Antoni Gaudí

Park Güell is an entire park designed by the well-known architect Antoni Gaudí. The park is especially identified with the Modernism movement, which is the Spanish version of the style of architecture called "Ar-Nouveau" in French, which is very colorful and emphasizes plant inspiration, natural and rounded lines and the use of simple and local materials. The park was built between 1900 and 1914, and in 2005 it was even declared an international heritage site. While exploring the park, you can see one of the most spectacular views of Barcelona.

The ground on which the park is located was never leveled by Gaudi. Therefore, the original route of the area remains as it was at the beginning. This makes the hike, the ups and downs and the winding paths particularly interesting.

In many of the buildings you will see fragments of colorful ceramics, creating an abstract and colorful mosaic, in a style called Trencadis. This coating is found both on straight surfaces and on curved surfaces and this provides a unique look to the park and its objects.

But wait, if the park was designed by famous architect Gaudí, why is the name of the park "Park Güell"? - Well, the park was built as a real estate project of the patron Eusebi Güell, who was impressed by similar projects to which he was exposed in England. He hired architect Gaudí and asked him to design the compound, which still belongs to him and is named after him.


#About Gaudí's Design

Gaudí's initial goal was to design a housing complex for the upper class, which stands on a hill overlooking the entire city. To this end Gaudí built the entrance gate and two model villas. They are still in the park. The villas are designed to blend in with the general landscape and are therefore not particularly noticeable. You can identify them by virtue of the blue and white conical roof with a cross on one end and the roof of the other with the white dome over a brown base. The project was unsuccessful and only 2 of the 60 lots offered for sale were sold. For many years the park was left deserted and neglected, until it was purchased by the municipality and opened as a park for the general public.

A few meters from the entrance plaza you can see the lizard-dragon that emits water. This statue has become one of the symbols of the architect Gaudí. At the entrance there are also two colorful entry booths and a compound called the "Hundred-Pillar Room." Its purpose is to protect visitors from rain. The stone benches in the park are built in the form of a decorated snake and allow for particularly comfortable seating, thanks to the shape specially adapted for the human back.

The park also has a small museum dedicated to the famous architect. This building served as the residence of Gaudí at the time he planned the park. In the museum you will find many of the objects that the genius used while he lived here. The museum complex is the only part of the park that has an entrance fee.


A Closer Look at the Park:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3gy8gAVywfs
Casa Batll
Casa Batlló
#About the Family Home that Became a Street Exhibit that is a Museum

In Barcelona's Eixample district, you can see one of the special buildings of the region - the Casa Batlló. If you have ever encountered the style of the fascinating architect Gaudi in the past, you should have had no problems identifying that this building belongs to him. The building is part of a block of houses all designed by Modernism architects. This building, like other Gaudí buildings, was also declared a national heritage site.

They worked on the building for two years, between 1875 and 1877, before Gaudi came into the picture. A few years after it was standing here, a bit dull, it was bought by Josep Batlló i Casanovas, after whom it was named. Batlló, who did not like what he saw, initially considered destroying the building and building another one in its place, but decided instead to turn to the talented architect Antoni Gaudi to reshape it.

Indeed, Gaudi provided the goods. The new works conducted by Gaudi were conducted between 1904 and 1906. He designed the building in the Modernism style, of course, the style which is so colorful, and he is so associated with. The Batlló family held it until it was sold in 1954. The beauty of the structure is that it is possible to wander it many times and each time discover additional corners that you have not noticed before.



#Architecture of the House Designed by Gaudi

The Casa Batlló is full of unique motifs known to us from Antoni Gaudi's previous works: curved walls, special balconies that look almost like skulls, columns that look like bones, colors, etc.

Before the interesting building you see here in front of you, here stood another building, very boring. At one point the landlord, Josep Batlló, decided that he wanted to redesign it, and turned to Gaudi to help him with the project. Gaudi made some interesting changes in the old building, which made it the special structure you see in front of you. First of all, he added a fifth floor to serve the servants and helped him create a new look for the entire building. He focused mainly on the facade, the roof, and the inner courtyard of the building.

Gaudi built large balconies made of special sandstone that was brought directly from the nearby Montjuïc Hill. These balconies, shaped like skulls, were designed to contribute to the new design and bring natural light to the first floor, where the owners lived. The columns of the balconies were inspired by motifs from the plant world. The shapes of the balconies and rounded lines gave the building one of its familiar epithets in the city: "The Bone House." On the windows of the round balconies, there is glass with patterns of colored circles on it. Between the balconies you will see small pieces of ceramic in different colors, like colorful mosaics.

The attic was built with colorful chimneys of rounded shape but not very clear. It was built hollow, twisted and streaked with white arches. They are covered with mosaic and ceramics, and end in cone form that add additional seasoning to the local architectural celebration.

The inner courtyard is also interesting, not least because of its glass ceiling, which allows the entry of light in perfect doses. This inner courtyard is surrounded by columns and arches, in a style reminiscent of Greek and Roman style.


#Inspiration for the Building's Design

Some experts claim that Gaudi was inspired by a popular legend. Legend has it that St. George, one of Christianity's greatest saints, succeeded in overcoming a formidable dragon. They claim that the green decorations on the front of the building are meant to symbolize the dragon. According to this interpretation, the narrow white corridors and in fact the whole structure was intended to provide an experience of walking inside the skeleton of a huge animal...

Here is another interpretation. Salvador Dali thought that Gaudi was trying to imitate the motifs of waves.


#What is the Modernism Style?

Modernist style is actually the Catalan version of the style of architecture and plastic art called in French "Art Nouveau." It is characterized by strong vegetation inspiration, an emphasis on colorfulness, natural and rounded lines, and simple and local materials. The most famous Modernist architect is Gaudi, whose style is identified with him. He used style principles over and over again and used motifs like curved walls reminiscent of waves and almost constant avoidance of straight surfaces. He was not the only one to design in the modernist style - there were other architects who starred in this style in Barcelona, ​​such as Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Lluís Domènech i Montaner.



A Closer Look at Casa Batlló:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=htnssp_H8Ik

Modernista

Hospital De La Santa Creu I Sant Pau
Hospital De La Santa Creu I Sant Pau
#About the Beautiful Hospital of Barcelona

Barcelona's hospital, which feels as if it was taken out of a fairytale, is one of the prettiest hospitals in an architectural sense. The Hospital De La Santa Creu I Sant Pau is located in the Eixample district, the largest bunch of buildings in the city, built in the Modernism style. This hospital is located right across from the La Sagrada Familia, Gaudi's amazing cathedral, though because it is a hospital, fewer tourists come here.

The hospital complex was built between the years 1901 and 1930, by the plans of architect Lluís Domènech i Montaner, during the same time of Gaudi. The area of the hospital is 300 square meters, and it is decorated with colorful turrets, domes, and wonderful statues. The windows of the building are framed in decorated stone with vibrant mosaics and broken tiles. Montaner believed in the healing powers of shapes and colors, and so he was sure to use lots of colorful decorations, creating an atmosphere that is totally different from what is expected from hospitals.

In the hospital complex are 27 buildings that are used as different departments for the hospital, with small green gardens between them. Each building has its own character, and together they create harmony and architectural beauty. In 1997 the complex was chosen as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

The hospital was built in the 15th century, and was at first located where the National Library of Catalonia is located. At the same time, six small hospitals operated in the city from the Middle Ages. They were combined to one big hospital, and at the end of the 19th century, it was decided to build a new and more modern hospital, what you are looking at now.



#What is the Modernism Style?

Modernist style is actually the Catalan version of the style of architecture and plastic art called in French "Art Nouveau." It is characterized by strong vegetation inspiration, an emphasis on colorfulness, natural and rounded lines, and simple and local materials. The most famous Modernist architect is Gaudi, whose style is identified with him. He used style principles over and over again and used motifs like curved walls reminiscent of waves and almost constant avoidance of straight surfaces. He was not the only one to design in the modernist style - there were other architects who starred in this style in Barcelona, ​​such as Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Lluís Domènech i Montaner.



A Closer Look at the Hospital:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Leol7Mj4e50
Torre Agbar
Agbar Tower
#About the Building that Looks like a Blue Cigar

The impressive skyscraper of Barcelona is nicknamed by locals, the "Blue Cigar," and you can probably guess why. The shape of the building reminds of a cigar, and the blue lights and emerge from it at night attract the attention of many visitors to Barcelona. Those who arrive at the area where the building is will immediately notice that the entire area is a business, shopping, and tech area in the city. The building was inaugurated on September 2005 by the King of Spain.

The Agbar Tower was planned by the Frech architect Jean Nouvel, known for his architecture in the neo-Gothic style, called Modernism, and characterized by decorations and round lines. The inspiration for the shape of the building came from the clifts of the Montserrat Mountain, located west of Barcelona and the Cathedral towers of La Sagrada Familia in the city.

The building is made of cement and covered in an aluminum and glass cover. There are 38 floors, and the building reaches a height of 145 meters. It is located at the center of Barcelona, and belongs to the international Agbar Group, who has ownership of the water company of Barcelona.

If we mentioned above the blue lights of the building, the truth is that the building is covered with 4,500 LED bulbs, that can switch colors quickly. The light show of Agbar Tower is great in the night hours, and should not be missed.


#What is the Modernism Style?

Modernist style is actually the Catalan version of the style of architecture and plastic art called in French "Art Nouveau." It is characterized by strong vegetation inspiration, an emphasis on colorfulness, natural and rounded lines, and simple and local materials. The most famous Modernist architect is Gaudi, whose style is identified with him. He used style principles over and over again and used motifs like curved walls reminiscent of waves and almost constant avoidance of straight surfaces. He was not the only one to design in the Modernist style - there were other architects who starred in this style in Barcelona, ​​such as Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Lluís Domènech i Montaner.



A Closer Look at the Skyscraper:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AHVOReIRBWM
Gaud House Museum
Gaudí House Museum
#About the House in the Park, Where the Famous Architect Lived

The Gaudi Museum is located in the cute pinkish house, with green windows, and a pointed green chimney. The interesting Gaudi House is also characterized by the colorfulness that is seen, the Modernist style, so connected with Gaudi, is a little more held back here than in his other works. This is actually the Catalonian version of the French architectural style called Art Nouveau. It is characterized with strong inspiration from nature, an emphasis on vibrant colors, natural and round lines, and simple and local elements.

In the house lived Gaudi with his family between the years 1906 - 1929. The house overlooks Park Güell, probably the most well-known and popular work by Gaudi. The house is actually right inside the park, at the heart of a green area full of trees.

In an exhibit shown at the museum, you can see the everyday life of Gaudi, as well as rooms, personal items, and furniture, that were an inseparable part of the original house. The museum also shows Gaudi's work as a designer, for if you though his strong suit was large and impressive buildings, you can see different art pieces he created - interesting chairs, metal gates, statues, and more.

There is a reason it is so interesting to wander around this museum. It is interesting and fascinating to discover where Gaudi sought inspiration for his buildings from, how he lived, and what interested the genius.


#What is the Modernism Style?

Modernist style is actually the Catalan version of the style of architecture and plastic art called in French "Art Nouveau." It is characterized by strong vegetation inspiration, an emphasis on colorfulness, natural and rounded lines, and simple and local materials. The most famous Modernist architect is Gaudi, whose style is identified with him. He used style principles over and over again and used motifs like curved walls reminiscent of waves and almost constant avoidance of straight surfaces. He was not the only one to design in the modernist style - there were other architects who starred in this style in Barcelona, ​​such as Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Lluís Domènech i Montaner.


A Closer at the House:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0F7UYLfYb6k
Casa Amatller
Casa Amatller
#About the Modernist House Designed by Cadafalch

Casa Amatller, the amazing house with the crown, combines the neo-Gothic style with the Art Nouveau. The facade is designed with inspiration from Dutch houses. The building was planned by the architect Josep Puig i Cadafalch, who worked together with a few of the best artists and craftsmen in Barcelona, among them Eusebi Arnau and Alfons Juyol. The house was built between the years 1898 - 1900.

Casa Amatller, together with Casa Battló (designed by Gaudi), and Casa Lleó Morera, are a part of the House of Discord (Mansana de la Discordia). These three houses are renovations of older buildings that already stood here. The original building of Casa Amatller was built by Antoni Robert in 1875.

The architect based his design on the typical Catalonian Mansion, while combining German elements, with bold ridged cornice, highlighted with ceramic tiles. The house might look like a little palace, but is actually houses many apartments.

Originally, the house was planned as the residential home of chocolatier Antoni Amatller. You can visit the chocolate store that is located inside the building's kitchen. Notice the interesting glass ceiling inside.

#What is the Modernism Style?

Modernist style is actually the Catalan version of the style of architecture and plastic art called in French "Art Nouveau." It is characterized by strong vegetation inspiration, an emphasis on colorfulness, natural and rounded lines, and simple and local materials. The most famous Modernist architect is Gaudi, whose style is identified with him. He used style principles over and over again and used motifs like curved walls reminiscent of waves and almost constant avoidance of straight surfaces. He was not the only one to design in the modernist style - there were other architects who starred in this style in Barcelona, ​​such as Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Lluís Domènech i Montaner.



A Closer Look at the House:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=slOXzpdqjgw


Casa Vicens
Casa Vicens
#About Gaudi's first Home in Barcelona

Casa Vicens is another of Gaudí's masterpieces, in fact, the first of his works in Barcelona. In the building you can see the eastern influence on Gaudi in these years - simple lines, stone and red brick construction exposed, walls coated with ceramic tiles that create colorful mosaics and flower decorations, across the ceiling of the rooms of the house. The walls of the building were partly straight and some were rounded. On the roof chimney are small towers in the form of temples. Most of the furniture in the building was also designed by Gaudi.

The funny story is that because of the extensive use of the tiles (including the inner walls of the house), the rumor spread its wings and many mistakenly thought that Vicens, the owner for whom it was designed, was a tile manufacturer.

Indeed, this residence, Casa Vicens, was built for the industrialist Manuel Vicens i Montaner between 1883 and 1888. The work lasted five years. The landlord encountered financial difficulties, which delayed the work. The building, like many of Gaudí's, is built in the modernist style. It has four floors - the first serves as a warehouse, the second and third are used for residential purposes and the fourth is for servants. In 1899 the house was sold by Vicens's widow. In the years that followed it was renovated more than once.

In 2005 the house was declared a World Heritage Site. In 2017 the house was opened and served as an open museum for visitors. Originally the house expressed the Orientalist style, which is very much identified with Gaudi's beginning. It is important to note that privately owned buildings, even if designed by very well-known architects, are not open to the public. But this is one of the most unusual structures of them all.


#What is the Modernism Style?

Modernist style is actually the Catalan version of the style of architecture and plastic art called in French "Art Nouveau." It is characterized by strong vegetation inspiration, an emphasis on colorfulness, natural and rounded lines, and simple and local materials. The most famous Modernist architect is Gaudi, whose style is identified with him. He used style principles over and over again and used motifs like curved walls reminiscent of waves and almost constant avoidance of straight surfaces. He was not the only one to design in the modernist style - there were other architects who starred in this style in Barcelona, ​​such as Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Lluís Domènech i Montaner.



A Closer Look at the House:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zD5l6RxiTN0
Passeig de Gràcia
#About the Prestigious Avenue of Barcelona

This prestigious avenue, also one of the main avenues and the prettiest in Barcelona, in the past was surrounded by gardens that connected ancient Barcelona to the village of Garcia. In 1821, the local authority proposed the urbanization plan, and in 1824 the avenue was widened to 42 meters and was used as a preferred place for aristocrats, to demonstrate their riding skills and show their chariots.

In 1906 decorations of benches and lamps were added. During these years the avenue already began being a popular fashionable place. Today the avenue is one of the most popular shopping areas in Barcelona. There are many crowds and tourists here.

The boulevard itself is very well maintained and invested. The shop windows of the luxury stores attract the eye. This is one of the most prestigious boulevards because it is full of prestigious fashion stores (Chanel, Dolce & Gabbana, etc.). Alongside them are also more popular stores, such as Mango, Zara, Nike, and others. But the boulevard is not just for clothing buyers, because there are also home decor stores, bookstores and toys, cafes, restaurants and tapas bars.

On the avenue are some important architectural points, built in the style of "Modernism" (the style most identified with Barcelona). Especially note the Casa Mila (designed by Antoni Gaudi), the Casa Batlló, the Palau Robert (today the Catalan Tourist Office) and the Maribaba, where the Gaudí, Montaner, and Pocch buildings are located.



#History of the Avenue

One of the leading commercial areas and shopping centers in Barcelona. This is the Passeig de Gràcia, the Champs-Élysées you could say, of Barcelona.

In real estate terms, this is the most expensive avenue in Barcelona and Spain in general. There are a few architectural popular sites - Casa Milà, Casa Batlló, the fighting center, and more. These are also buildings that turned the avenue into the prestigious destinations in the city.

The prior name of the avenue was Camí de Jesús, meaning in Spanish "old road." At the start of the 19th century, and especially in 1827, it became the central location for the aristocracy to show their riding skills and their fancy carriages- which lasted for the entire 19th century.

In 1906 decorated benches were added with lamps. It was already thought of as fashionable back then so that many famous architects designed buildings along the road.



#What is on the Avenue?

We will now look at three houses next to one another, that are very impressive, that were built by three known Modernist architects.

The first, of course, is the architect Antoni Gaudi, who planned Casa Batlló, the third house on the right. The house was already built, and Gaudi only renovated. The person who commissioned the work was a rich businessman called Joseph Batlló. Notice the motifs return in all of Gaudi's buildings. These are the bright colors on the building and roof, the use of mosaics, and the combination of the neo-Gothic symbols resembling bones and skeletons. This is the reason many of Barcelona's residents call this building the House of Bones (Casa dels Ossos).

Can't see it? Try looking closely at the balconies.

In the middle of the three houses, you will see the wonderful Modernist building Casa Lleo Morera, with its round balconies and its columns. The architect who planned the wonderful building was Lluís Domènech i Montaner, another known Modernist architect. He is also known as the one who planned the magnificent Palau de la Musica Catalana of Barcelona, with musical decorations and a glass done with mosaics. Another known building he planned was the Saint Pau Hospital, of the most beautiful in the world. Other buildings by Montaner in Barcelona are the neo-Gothic Casa Quadras, a building whose entire exterior is decorated with statues and relics, and the Casa de les Punxes with the 6 pointed turrets and white facade, surrounded with decorated columns.

The architect Josep Puig I Cadafalch is the third who added to the last part of the buildings in Passeig de Gràcia. Its stylish design is replicated in all the buildings he designed. The flamboyant Casa Amatller has a decorated atrium with columns and a decorated entrance.




#What is the Modernism Style

The Modernism Style is actually a version of the Catalonian architectural style and the plastic art called in French Art Nouveau. It is characterized by a strong inspiration from nature, a strong emphasis on bright colors, natural lines and round edges, on simple and local materials. The most famous Modernist architect was Gaudi, and the style is really characterized by him. He used the points of this style, and used the motifs, like round walls, that remind of waves, and staying away from flat surfaces. He was not the only one who designed in this style, there were other architects in Barcelona, like Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Lluís Domènech i Montaner.


#Tips

Among luxury stores on the largest shopping avenue in the city, notice the large international clothing chains and the wonderful design stores, from household items to furniture.
Avinguda Diagonal
#About the Avenue that Bisects the City

Avinguda Diagonal is one of the most important avenues in Barcelona. It is 10 kilometers long and actually crosses the city in two, diagonally, originally designed to break the straight lines created by the streets, so they were always 90 degrees to each other.

Apart from transportation, the long avenue also serves as a place to shop and has a concentration of many restaurants. Indeed, along the avenue you will pass by a wide variety of restaurants and shops, with the blue sea and beaches of Barcelona standing in full view.

On the boulevard are some of Barcelona's most famous buildings, including:


#Skyscraper Agbar Tower

Look for the tall tower that can be seen from every corner of Barcelona and is nicknamed the "Blue Cigar."



#The Palau Reial de Pedralbes

A palace given to the royal family, by the Güell family, Gaudi's famous patrons.



#Design Museum of Barcelona

You can visit the guide right on Guidol.


#"Casa Serra"

A structure built in the style of Catalan Modernism, is also the style of Gaudí's Casa Batlló. This style is characterized by great colorfulness, natural and rounded lines, with simple and local materials.



A Closer Look at the Boulevard:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K7e_KAh0Eew
Güell Palace
#About the Building

One of the pretty and impressive buildings by Gaudi in Barcelona is the Güell Palace (Palau Güell), the residential house of the Güell family. It is located in the La Rambla neighborhood, right near the Ramblas Avenue. There is a reason the rich industrial tycoon Eusebi Güell hired the services of the talented Gaudi. Güell was impressed by Gaudi's previous works and wanted some of the magic for himself. There is no doubt that this creation was important in turning Gaudi into an architectural icon. Thanks to the beauty, the Güell Palace was announced as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Except for summer days when the family was gone for vacations, the Güell family lived in this house from 1890 until 1936. In 1914 the father of the family moved to a village, that has since become the famous Güell Park.

Even though during this time the artist was inexperienced, Gaudi was given an endless budget to build the house. He himself built and designed all aspects of the building. Many motifs that characterize Gaudi come alive here: neo-Gothic symbols, animal symbols, and many (original) arches, and reminders of ancient Catalonians symbols. Here Gaudi also used his typical natural building elements, like marble and wood, that throughout his lifetime he developed in different pieces.

In the building, Gaudi also planned a special entrance for the family's carriages. The entrance was large enough for a carriage to even turn around and drop off guests. In the receiving room, there are peeking holes, where the house's residents can peek to see who came to visit them, without being seen. In the ceiling of the dining room, small windows were places to give the feeling of a sky full of stars. This was thanks to lanterns that were lit during the evening hours above the windows.



#What is the Modernism Style?

Modernist style is actually the Catalan version of the style of architecture and plastic art called in French "Art Nouveau." It is characterized by strong vegetation inspiration, an emphasis on colorfulness, natural and rounded lines, and simple and local materials. The most famous Modernist architect is Gaudi, whose style is identified with him. He used style principles over and over again and used motifs like curved walls reminiscent of waves and almost constant avoidance of straight surfaces. He was not the only one to design in the modernist style - there were other architects who starred in this style in Barcelona, ​​such as Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Lluís Domènech i Montaner.
Plaza Espana
#About the Square that Was Once a Place for Executions

In the center of the Plaza Espana (Plaça Espanya), you can see the fountain that was planned by Josep Maria Juyol, who worked with Antoni Gaudi. This is a monument designed in the unique Modernism style, the monument includes human figure statues and an impressive fountain. Though this monument was not built by Gaudi himself, it was built with his inspiration and leadership. The fountain was built for the World Expo of Barcelona in 1929 that was held at the foothills of Montjuïc.

The square is one of the places where many important decisions and fatal discussions have been made in the history of the city. In these places, the footsteps of great leaders in Barcelona and Catalonia have stepped. In total contrast, many people were executed in this square. After the execution years, the practice was moved to the Ciutadella Park, and then to the Montjuïc Castle.

This is also one of the largest squares in the city, and around you can see many interesting buildings. Among them, you can see the two Venetian Towers, both 47 meters tall, symbolizing the international development of the city.

You can see the Joan Miró Park from here, named after the famous painter, where there is a statue of the artist's famous statue Dona i Ocell (Woman and Bird).

Nearby you can find Arenas Mall, what used to be the bullfighting arena. In the past, bullfighting was very popular in Spain, though it was less popular in Catalonia. Today the building has turned into the famous Arenas Mall.



#What is the Modernism Style?

Modernist style is actually the Catalan version of the style of architecture and plastic art called in French "Art Nouveau." It is characterized by strong vegetation inspiration, an emphasis on colorfulness, natural and rounded lines, and simple and local materials. The most famous Modernist architect is Gaudi, whose style is identified with him. He used style principles over and over again and used motifs like curved walls reminiscent of waves and almost constant avoidance of straight surfaces. He was not the only one to design in the modernist style - there were other architects who starred in this style in Barcelona, ​​such as Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Lluís Domènech i Montaner.



A Closer Look at the Square:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HS0ThElJo44
Palau de la Música
#About the Luxury Concert Hall of the City

The luxurious concert hall in Barcelona is located at the heart of the city, near the old city. It was built to be used as a concert hall from the Catalonian Choir. The hall was built between 1905 - 1908. It was planned by architect Lluís Domènech i Montaner. The building has a special beauty, for it combines the Modernism style with the neo-Gothic style. Notice especially the glass dome of the building, made out of colorful stained glass.

In 1971 the building was declared a National Site by the Spanish Government, and in 1997 it was chosen by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.


#What is the Modernism Style?

Modernist style is actually the Catalan version of the style of architecture and plastic art called in French "Art Nouveau." It is characterized by strong vegetation inspiration, an emphasis on colorfulness, natural and rounded lines, and simple and local materials. The most famous Modernist architect is Gaudi, whose style is identified with him. He used style principles over and over again and used motifs like curved walls reminiscent of waves and almost constant avoidance of straight surfaces. He was not the only one to design in the modernist style - there were other architects who starred in this style in Barcelona, ​​such as Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Lluís Domènech i Montaner.


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.