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Montjuc
Montjuïc
#About the Area

Montjuïc, of the most famous hills in Barcelona, is one of the must-visit sites in the city. In Barcelona's first years, the hill was used as pasture and agricultural land.

The source of the name, Montjuïc (Hill of Jews), is after the Jews that used to bury their loved ones outside the city. Unlike the Christians of the city who buried their dead within the city. The remains from those ancient graves you can see at the historical museum in the Gothic Quarter. In 1992, different athletic facilities were built towards the upcoming Summer Olympics in Barcelona. Since then, new nicknames like, "Olympic Hill" have been used.

The hill, 200 meters high, is steeped with rich beauty and history. At the top of the hill there is a lighthouse, that was used for guiding ships that would arrive at the Port Vell, and as a warning sign for enemy ships.

On the ruins of the lighthouse, in 1640 an impressive fortress was built. It was used as a prison until 1960, and today the Military Museum is located inside. From the top of the hill you can see a breathtaking panoramic 360-degree view of the city and the sea.

The fortress itself is located at the top of the hill built in the 17th century and became the seating place of the military that protected the city from mutiny from the government. You can get to the top of the mountain with the train

The whole area is a sort of large park, where you can find more amusements like museums, galleries, historical buildings, gardens, cafes, and restaurants. Visitors that arrive here are not bored for a minute.


#Tips

To ascend the funicular to the mountain, a train that leaves from Paral-lel and arrives at the citadel.



A Closer Look at the Park on Montjuïc:

https://youtu.be/hX84FHIf83E
Tai Mo Shan
Tai Mo Shan
#About the Highest Mountain in Hong Kong

The highest among the Hong Kong mountains is the Tai Mo Shan, the mountain reaches 958 meters. The mountain is covered with trees, with a green subtropic forest that offers wonderful nature, and a change of atmosphere from the busy city.

At the entrance to the mountain, you will reach a visitor's center of the nature preserve. Nearby you will see a nice picnic area, and from here you ascend and climb the mountain itself.

The ascent to the mountain is pretty moderate and does not require anyone to be in excellent shape. On the mountain itself you can walk on a few tracks that are not very difficult.

The view from the peak of the mountain, when there is good visibility, is incredible. The truth is that there is no real peak, because climbing is possible only to a point right below the peak, for satellite dishes and antennas that were placed at the peak and cut off the track to the top.



#Tips

You can get to this hill with the Number 51 KMB bus from Nina Tower Bus Terminus.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/ne0XwXI_2c4


A Visit:

https://youtu.be/1QTq3Aa4b4I
Petrin Hora
Petrin Gardens
#About the Building the Reminds of the Eiffel Tower

Petrin Gardens (Petřínské Sady, or Petrin Hora) is a hill whose height is 327 meters, located in the center of Prague, on the western banks of the Vltava River.

The hill provides a loved vacation space for the residents of Prague. This garden goes between being calm during the day hours, and a family entertainment area that children love to play at.

Most of the visitors to the gardens come here from the Lesser Town (Malá Strana) district in Prague, with the funicular, a cable car, first operated in 1891 and connects the city to the top of the hill.

Legend says that once the princess Libushe stood here, and predicted that Prague will flourish, will be big and win international recognition. Recognition? - Maybe, but it can be said for certain that there are many children attractions here.

Petrin Tower - a viewpoint tower that looks a lot like the French Eiffel Tower.

Mirror Maze - a place where you will continuously run into mirrors, because it's hard to understand what is reality and what is a reflection. So fun!

Walking and biking trails - many come here to exercise.

The Observatory - a place to see stars in Prague.

Horse Stables - a place to rent horses and go for a ride around the hill.

The Hunger Wall - the historic wall, that was built under Karl IV, when hunger in Prague grew deep. The Emperor assisted the poor, by providing work in wall building, he gave workers food.




#Tips

You can climb to the top of the hill by either walking or taking the funicular - the cable car. A pass for the public transportation in the city includes rides on the cable car.

Notice that the line to the cable car can be long, especially on weekends and during the summer months.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/dOCPig8Oyg4


Another Look at the Petrin Gardens:

https://youtu.be/E-8_9Z0mHrg


The Funicular Ascending to the Top of the Petrin Gardens:

https://youtu.be/WinrvSbhIoA
Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji
#About Mount Fuji - The Tallest Mountain in Japan

Mount Fuji is the largest mountain in Japan. It is an active volcano located in the center of the island of Honshu, the biggest island in Japan. Fuji is 3,776 meters high. It began to form 500,000 years ago, when every eruption of the volcano increased its height further. Technically, Mount Fuji is an active volcano. Its last outburst was in 1707.

Mount Fuji is sacred to the Japanese and is very important in their culture. Over the centuries, clandestine immigration was an important religious ceremony and there were even sects in Japan that worshiped the mountain itself.

In Japanese art, too, it became a real icon. Japanese artists often painted the mountain and its famous paintings also influenced European art.

Today, Mount Fuji is the most popular tourist attraction in Japan. It is located in Fuji-Shuku-Izu National Park, Honshu Island, about 100 kilometers from Tokyo. On a fine day you can see the mountain from the city.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/iL3VTl_IqyU?t=29s



A Side View:

https://youtu.be/6CchE5QUgeM



A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/FivK5hX-IWQ

Mountains

Kissamos
Kissamos
#About the Real Crete

Around Kissamos there are no archeological sites or special tourist attractions, and this is precisely what is attractive about it. Here you can find nature and real local Crete culture.

You can start by going through a narrow canyon with dramatic views, a road leads into tunnels through the mountains and the special chestnut valley. The valley is luscious with groves where vines and chestnuts are grown.

At Kissamos there is a fascinating geological phenomenon of rock columns called Komolithi, and these are unique to the Crete region.

You will be able to stay in Kissamos in quiet towns, see monasteries and Greek-orthodox churches, dine with locals in authentic tavernas and enjoy walking in around the uncommercialized alleyways.



A Closer Look at the Komolithi Columns:

https://youtu.be/vLeYvVMrko0



The Wild Kissamos Beach:

https://youtu.be/NFGMevYfp10



Most Populated Beach Areas in Kissamos:

https://youtu.be/SsNOq9g9jTg
Muses Hill
Muses Hill
#About the Hill with the Monument

At Muses Hill in the Plaka neighborhood, there is a monument that commemorates Gaius Julius Antiochus Philopappos. The height of the monument is 12 meters, and its circumference is 10 meters.

This monument was the way for the people of Athens to give thanks and commemorate the Roman Consul between the years 114 - 116 AD, who ruled the city of Athens, and granted rights and promoted the welfare and the good lives in the city. During his reign, Philopappos, originally a Greek prince of Syrian origin, built quite a few cities, including majestic buildings and monuments.

The shape of the monument made of marble has a concave all along with it. There is a niche where statues were placed, of Philopappos and his grandfather, Antoninus IV. The tower of the monument is surrounded by a strip of decoration. On it also a marble plaque, where an iron train is seen. On the train appears the figure of Philopappos the Consul, in the beginning of his rule in the year 100. To his left his father can be seen, Antiochus IV Epiphanes.

Actually, the monument survived until the 15th century. At the same time, the mayor of Jerusalem visited the city and he ordered to take down the three dedication plates on it.

Archeological digs began here in 1898 and continued until 1940. Even then, the digs did not completely stop, and an additional dig discovered, among other things, that part of the stones from the monument were used by the Ottoman Turks in the building the Minaret of the Parthenon mosque.

From the hill you can see on clear days the city of Athens and its surroundings, in a straight line from the Acropolis.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/gBL9H7wTSUw
Tibidabo
Tibidabo
#About the Tall Hill Protecting Barcelona

The mountain range is about 500 meters tall, one mountain stands most impressive in the Barcelona area, named Tibidabo. Because the mountain is so tall, you can see it from all over the city.

Tibidabo overlooks beautiful Barcelona. There is an amusement park that has existed for over 100 years.

On the mountain there is also a TV tower that is 288 meters tall, that provides a spectacular view of the area.

On the mountain you will see the Temple of the Sacred Heart of Jesus that overlooks Barcelona. The Basilica was built between 1902-1961 in the neo-Gothic style and is almost a complete copy of the Sacré-Cœur in Paris.


A Closer Look at the Hill:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jIeKCDYeZeU
Fuji Shibasakura Festival
Fuji Shibasakura Festival
#About the Spring Flower Festival

The Fuji Shibasakura Festival takes place every year in Japan, at the foot of Mount Fuji, in the five lakes.

The focus of the festival is the huge carpets of the Shibasakura flowers, almost a million flowers, in carpets with impressive blossoms, white, pink and purple.

Hundreds of thousands of Shibasakura flowers cover each of the five parks around the impressive high mountain and there is nothing better that taking a walk around the big parks.

The peak blossoms of these flowers is in April-May. Then masses of tourists and residents of Japan come from far to the area, only to see the beauty spread out in front of them, with the great snow-capped Fuji Mountain in the background.


#Tips
For the festival and the height of the flowering, arrived here on the festival date, between mid-April and the end of May.


A Closer Look at the Fuji Shibasakura Festival:

https://youtu.be/nxF6ciqDbIg


More from the Fuji Festival in Japan:

https://youtu.be/PKbhQv8avu8


Lefka Ori
Lefka Ori
#About Crete's White Mountains

Lefka Ori, meaning "white mountains," are a mountain range with 50 peaks whose height is over 2,000 meters. The tallest peak in this mountain range reaches 2,453 meters.

The mountain tops are snow covered during the winter, while during the spring and summer month many visitors come here for a popular 4 day trek, that ends with a walk through the Samarian Gorge on the way to the ocean. While climbing the "white mountains," as they are called in Greek, you will encounter villages of shepherds, mountain views and wooded landscapes.

The mountain range is the tallest in Crete, and is located in the easatern region of Chania, between the Samarian and Imbros Channels. The Lefka Ori is nicknamed "Crete's terrace." At their highest, the peaks reach over 2,400 meters. This is a hot area, wild and devoid of humans, that in winter is covered in a layer of snow, adding to the silence of the region.

The mountain's history is important. Here rebels fled to and hid during a rebellion against the Ottoman Empire, hiding in caves and gullies in the mountains, while the Turkish soldiers pillaged and raided the villages bellow. That was not the first time these caves were used as a hiding place for the people of Crete, who have been occupied by many nations in its history. In the past locals hid here from the Venetians, who ruled the island in the 16th century. During the 20th century locals hid here again from the Nazi occupiers controlled the island during World War II.


#Tips

In the town and village you can arrange jeep trips around the mountains and hikes as well.

Hiking lovers can join hikes that are about a week long, a hike that leaves Chania in the North and crosses the white mountains until the Southern city of Sfakia.



A Closer Look at Lefka Ori:

https://youtu.be/_CIAuxKTKm8



How the Mountains Look in Winter:

https://youtu.be/3CKLDgs5c_c
Mount of Olives
#About the Olive Mount

The Mount of Olives is a tall hill, the tallest mountain range in East Jerusalem, it separates the Old City and the Judean desert. It begins at the edge of the Armon Hanatziv ridge, to the south and north it ends at Mount Scopus.

The mountain used to be called the "mountain of happiness," and the "Mount of Destruction" - a name derived from the sacrificing ritual that took place nearby.

The importance of this mountain is mainly religious. This place is very important to Christianity, who see the mountain as a place where Jesus was during his last days in Jerusalem, and since the Middle Ages many churches built here have made this place a Christian center, as well as for Islam, who connects the mountain with the Day of Judgment in the End of Days, as mentioned in the Quran.

Judaism's connection to the mountain come from the days of the Temple, as the place of the Sacrificing Red Heifer ceremony, a ceremony to purify a person's impurity from whatever polluted it. Even after the destruction of the Temple and until the early Middle Ages, when the Romans didn't allow Jews to live in Jerusalem. At the same time Jews were not allowed to visit the Olive Mount, expect on Tisha B'Av, they would come here to look onto the Temple Mount and cry over the destruction of the Temple.

There are many churches at the Olive Mount, among them is the Church of Mary Magdalene, Church of All Nations, also called "Get Sh'manime." Nearby is the Church of Our Heavenly Father, the Russian Church of Ascension to Sky, with its tower, as well as the Church of Augusta Victoria.



#About the Jewish Cemetery on the Olive Mount

As a cemetery for more than 3,000 years, the cemetery has been active since the days of the First Temple, it is the oldest Jewish cemetery in the world, many Jews are buried here all throughout history. Some believe that the Jews who are buried here will be the first to be resurrected when the resurrections happens. This is why many want to be buried here, which also made the burial plots here very expensive.

The Jewish Cemetery spreads about the southern part of the hill, and towards Nachal Kidron. The place used to be a burial spot for the Cana'anites, thanks to its distance from the city and softness of the ground.

At the bottom of Mount of Olives, there are remains of Jewish gravestones from the first and second Temple periods. Jewish burials were recorded here from the Middle Ages.

During the Jordanian rule over East Jerusalem, since the War of Independence in 1948 and until Jerusalem's release in 1967, the cemetery was desecrated, and a hotel was even built on top of it.

Here are buried, among the others, Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, who asked to be buried here, instead of the area for the nation's leaders on Mount Herzl. Also, Shay Agnon, Rabbi Kook and Eliezer Ben Yehuda are buried here, not far from them, in the Christian section outside the fence, is also buried Oskar Schindler, the German industrialist, documented in the film "Schindler's List" after saving hundreds of Jews during the Holocaust.



#Tips

Try coming here during the morning hours, during the afternoon the sun can be scorching hot, and makes seeing the view of the Old City and the Temple Mount difficult.

Pay attention - there is no public transportation on the top of the hill



A Closer Look at Mount Olives:

https://youtu.be/IBUv48KEje8
Lycabettus Hill
#About the Great Viewpoint Hill of Lycabettus

Legend has it that Lycabettus Hill, or "Wolf Hill" gets its name from the fact that in ancient times many wolves lived here. In ancient times there was a temple here in honor of the god Zeus at the top of the hill, the hill rises to the height of 277 meters, is known as the best observation point in Athens.

Lycabettus Hill stands on the high streets surrounding the Kolonaki quarter. The hill area is wooded and has nice hiking trails. You can also visit the beautiful white church of Agios Nikolaos, St. George's Chapel. On the hill there is also an open theater and a restaurant with amazing views.

From here you can also just stand and look out over the entire city. The magnificent panoramic view extends all over the city to the sea. Take the time and try to locate the Acropolis and the Plaka. Try to locate the port of Piraeus and far from the sea, the nearby island Aegina



#Tips

You can get to the top of the hill by the cable car, the cable car ascends from within the mountainside. You will also have to climb a bit with the cable car, and hikers can climb the stairs all the way to the top.

The stairs are not easy to climb, and in summer they are very exposed to the sun. Get a hat and water!


A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/SRNoAsvj_9A
Castle Hill
#Aboput the Hill on the City of Buda

Castle Hill (Budai várnegyed) is an ancient site, of the important and interesting in the city Budapest. The hill is located in the area of old Buda. The Citadel, or castle, is built on a plateau whose length is a kilometer, and is mostly surrounded by a wall. Though this is not really a citadel, the complex does include the royal palace, as well as caves and ancient roads and many historical and important sites that are really interesting.

To Buda Hill, Castle Hill, the citadel (Budai várnegyed) you ascend by train from Clark Adam Square. Many people live on the hill, and is a lively and vibrant and very interesting residential place - over most of the city. Next to the houses there are many luxury hotels and not any less luxurious chef restaurants.

The street on the Castle Hill, located at the center of Buda, is in the Middle Age style, the Baroque. There are many different styles of architecture, of buildings from different periods in the city and different design and architecture techniques.

In 1987 the citadel was declared as a World Heritage Site. Most of the famous attractions of Budapest are located on Castle Hill on the Buda side: the popular royal palace and inside the National Gallery, the Fishermen's Bastion, Matthias Church, Lion Court, Honday Garden, Savoy Terrace, History Museum of Budapest, Music Museum, Military Museum, Marzipan Museum, Pharmacy Museum and the Museum for Middle Age Jewry.


#History of the Hill

The story of the hill and the story of the royal palace on it is the story of the history of all of Hungary. The settlement began during the 13th century, after the Mongolian army invaded the city of Pest, that was built along the Danube River.

The Mongols destroyed and caused major havoc to the city. To prevent future damage to that extent, the residents of the city decided to wall the city and build a palace and citadel on the nearby hill, with strategic viewpoints, to protect the city. So they crossed the Danube River and built the citadel on the hill, assuming that the river would make it hard for intruders to attack the city, and that the height of the hill would guarantee its protection.

In the 15th century, the palace was expanded into a castle by King Sigismund, and was the largest Gothic castle in Europe. Later on in the century King Matthias made sure to expand it further.

When the Turks conquered Buda in the 16th century, they turned all the churches to Mosques, as they did with all the Christian areas they took over.

At the end of the 17trh century, after the area was conquered again by the Hapsburgs, Christians from Austria, began a surge of impressive reconstruction. During the rule of the Austro-Hungarian Empire public houses were built here, homes and roads that were impressive and full of glory.

In the 19th century was the Hungarian Independence War, during the period called the "Spring of Nations," in 1848. During the revival against the Austrian Emperor, the Buda Castle was once again damaged. After the war, when the Emperor united Austria and Hungary, the palace was renovated and enlarged, where Franz Joseph was crowned King of Hungary.

After World War I and the fall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Horthy Miklós lived in the castle, the ruler of Hungary. The palace then became the political center of the country.

At the end of World War II, the Castle on Buda Hill was the last standing hold of the Nazis. During the fighting between then and the Red Army the Castle incurred a lot of damages.



#Tips

As in any place with a big crowd, watch for pickpocketers


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/4fZeT1Ps3p4
Napoleon Hill
#About the Bonaparte Hill in Ramat Gan

Tel Napoleon in Hebrew, Napoleon Hill in English, or Tel Jarissa in Arabic, is an archaeological site near the intersection of the Yarkon River and Nahal Ayalon. It was named after the army of the French general Napoleon Bonaparte, who is said to have camped here with his army when he conquered parts of the Land of Israel in 1799. Legend, by the way, says that Napoleon's soldiers built the hill within one night to put their cannons on the top. But this is only a legend, because findings clearly show that the hill existed thousands of years earlier.

There is a spectacular panoramic view of the surroundings, all the urban directions and what follows. The hill is about 40,000 square meters in size and is shaped like a saddle. The height of Tel Napoleon is 38 meters above sea level. You can see it and climb to the top if you walk a few meters from the Seven Mills in Yarkon Park.

Tel Napoleon is above all an archaeological dig in the city of Ramat Gan, south of the Yarkon River and east of Nahal Ayalon. Although there is almost nothing to see in terms of archaeological findings, there are remains of a cistern from a Canaanite water system. Although Tel Napoleon bears the name after Napoleon Bonaparte, the history of the mound is much older than that. Remains from the 17th centuries CE, remains from the Canaanite period, which is the Late Bronze Age, and even the Philistine features that may indicate a Philistine settlement there were discovered. There may have been an ancient and significant metal industry on the hill.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/nvzyqTmaJJQ


A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/Teea-Nd48Xo
Victoria Peak
#About the Popular Vantage Point of Hong Kong

One of the most visited destinations in Hong Kong is Victoria Peak, known as Tai Ping Shan, or simply "The Peak," a green peak 544 meters above the city. It has a spectacular view point, allowing you to view from above the spectacular skyline of Hong Kong, the vast cluster of towers, the sea surrounding the island and the South China Sea.

This is a place from which you can see the contrasts in this interesting city. The place, once an exclusive residence for the wealthy Europeans of the city, is today the city's most famous observation point, offering a two-way view. From one side of the observation deck you can see the skyscrapers of this modern city all the way to the harbor, while the other side is dominated by nature, as the southern Chinese Sea spreads over some of its 263 islands.

The vantage point at the top is the highest and best point to view on Hong Kong Island. This is a place that should not be missed and the feeling here is like on the roof of the world. If you arrive before sunset, you will also benefit from the observation in the dark, which is wonderful and from which even those who are less connected to urban landscapes are impressed.

At the summit itself stands the Peak Tower building, a unique building offering the best view below. It also has restaurants, souvenir shops and a bustling video arcade.


#What Do you See from Here?


As you ascend to the summit with the tram, you can enjoy watching the spectacular scenery of Hong Kong as a whole. From here you can view from above on Hong Kong at 360 degrees.

From here you'll see the famous Victoria Harbor, the bay, the Kowloon Peninsula and the green areas of the new territories. Next are Lamma Island and the island of Lantau. On clear days you can see from here for dozens of kilometers, to all sides.

The Hong Kong skyline from this angle is breathtaking and shows an incomparable image in the world. During the night, Hong Kong covers a colorful blanket of lights that reflects on the water and offers a spectacular view.

On the hill, on the first floor of the tower, is the Madame Tussauds Museum with over 100 wax dolls.

The experience here is complemented by Ripley's Believe It or Not, the experiential simulator on floors 2 and 3, souvenir shops, restaurants and a small shopping center.

Hiking lovers can find a few hiking trails around the green grove.


#Tips

It is worth it to get to the top about an hour before sunset and enjoy the view during the day, and also during sunset and at night, when the skyscrapers of Hong Kong are illuminated by a colorful and wonderful light.

Dinner in front of the spectacular scenery is a romantic pleasure and a special experience!

It has to be produced in Tram - about 8 minutes of an unforgettable experience. This is a scenic hike from the Garden Road to the Victoria Summit. Take the 100-year-old Peak Tram, which leaves Garden Road and rises above 370 meters and 40 degrees uphill.

Hiking - Recommended an hour before sunset. Earning the changing landscape from daytime to sunset and evening. The climb is not very difficult, although it also has a 7-minute staircase.

For a free view, head to the Peak Galeria Shopping Center and reach the free observation area.





A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/aiyJ16t-hS4


A Visit:

https://youtu.be/XQbv6-VpcvI


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.