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Museums in Budapest

Szpmvszeti Mzeum
Museum of Fine Arts
#About the Beautiful Art Museum of Budapest

The Museum of Fine Arts (Szépművészeti Múzeum) is an impressive art museum, with huge collections of art by non-Hungarians, pieces by the greatest creators in history.

The museum is located at the Heroes' Square, right at the entrance to the public park of Budapest, and was established between the years 1900-1906. The impressive Neo-classical building reminds of a Roman or Greek ancient temple.


#About the 6 Main Museum Collections

Ancient Egyptian Art - a huge collection of Egyptian art.

Classic and Ancient Greek Art - Mostly marble statues, among them the "The Budapest Dancer," a marble statue from the 3rd century, as well as tools from ceramics and bronze.

The "Masters" - thousands of drawings from the history of European paintings between the 13th and 18th century. Look for Giorgione's "Portrait of a Young Man," Raphael's "Esterhazy Madonna," Dürer's "Portrait of a Young Man," Pieter Bruegel "St John the Baptist Preaching," and pieces by Titian, Tintoretto, Rubens, El Greco, Velázquez and Goya.

Statues from Middle Ages to 17th Century - Italian statues including a statue of a small bronze Horseman of Leonardo Di Vinci, and wooden statues from Germany and Austria.

Art from the 19th and Beginning of the 20th Centuries - Romantic art pieces include statues by Auguste Rodin, pieces by Delacroix and Gustave Courbet, and paintings by the Impressionists Manet, Pissarro, and Renoir, and painted posters by the famous Toulouse-Lautrec.

Graphic Art - over 10,000 sketches and 100,000 prints from traditional graphic European art. The most impressive here are by Rembrandt and Goya, and a collection of notes from Di Vinci regarding "The Battle of Anghiari."


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/vD12CnuLQ0I


Screening on the Museum's Building:

https://youtu.be/GeOBXzRW5q4
The Jewish Museum in Budapest
Hungarian Jewish Museum and Archives
#About the Jewish Museum of Budapest

The Hungarian Jewish Museum and Archives (Magyar Zsidó Múzeum) was built in 1930 in the childhood home of Benjamin Ze'ev Herzl, in the neighborhood of the Big Synagogue in Budapest. The museum presents the story of the Jewish community in the city, a community that was destroyed and almost completely erased in the Holocaust.

The museum, the second largest Jewish museum in Europe, includes many display items from the daily lives of the Hungarian Jews, and in Budapest in general. It exhibits very well the wealthy community that lived here for hundreds of years.

In the museum there are 4 wings. Each focuses on a different aspect of the daily lives of the Jews in the community. The themes are; daily Jewish lives, Jewish holidays, the Hungarian Jew's Holocaust and Judaica items used for the Sabbath. The Judaica items on display were collected from all around the former Austro-Hungarian Empire.

Like in the next-door synagogue, the Jewish Museum also took on itself the job of preserving and commemorating. It includes a dark memorial room with many photos from World War II, like the Hungarian Jewish community experienced it. There is a column that tells the tale and commemorates the poet Hannah Szenes. In the courtyard of the building is an impressive monument for the Jews of Budapest, to the diplomat and Righteous Among Nations Raoul Wallenberg, and others who helped the Hungarian Jews hide from the Nazis.



#History of the Museum

The museum, built in 1930 in the childhood home of Theodore Herzl, and filled an important and brave job in the years when antisemitism in Hungary grew, and prevented Jewish artists from showcasing their work. This is when the museum stood strong, who back then didn't even have to do with art. The museum began displaying exhibits by Jewish artists, whose religion prevented them from displaying in other museums or galleries around Budapest.

In the tough years of the war, the National Museum employees helped hide displays from the Jewish Museum in the basement of the National Museum. This is how items were saved from the tough bombings of the allied air raids and from the hands of the Nazis themselves.
Hungarian National Museum
Hungarian National Museum
#About the Museum that has a Temple

The Hungarian National Museum in Budapest is a museum for archeology and Hungarian history. It resides in one of the prettiest and most impressive buildings in the city. Even if Hungarian history does not call you, this museum is worth a visit to see the wonderful and magnificent building.

The museum was established in 1802 as a library and a public place to display the collection of natural artifacts that were collected by the Hungarian Baron Franz Széchényi. In the 1830's the government allocated half a million forint to establish a permanent location for the collection. The architect Mihály Pollack designed the building you are standing in now in the neo-Classical style, a very impressive and large building, a sort of temple for history, that was inaugurated in 1846.

Beyond its responsibilities as a museum, the building became a symbol of Hungarian nationalism. This happened in 1848, the era of the "Spring of Nations" when the museum was the center of the Hungarian revolutionary uprising of 1848. This formative event took place when the Hungarian national poet Sándor Petőfi, read the "12 Points" to a crowd and his national song, which is called exactly that, "the National Song." The event became a symbol of revolution and the museum gained a symbolic place in the renewal of Hungarian nationalism. In memory of the event, the poets who were part of the uprising and the memorial ceremonies for the revolution are commemorated in front of the museum.



#What Can Be Seen Here?

In the archeology wing, you can see the life of what today is called Hungary, from the prehistoric period. In a display of historical findings from different areas around Hungary, Transylvania, Slovenia, and Croatia.

In a permanent and central display in the museum is the development of the history of Hungary. The exhibition focuses on the rule of the Mediars and the conquests from the period of Roman rule to the Ottoman Turks. The amount of maps, charts, coins, jewelry, artwork and everyday objects displayed here is huge. In addition, videos are presented here and there is an experiment with computerized illustrations of the periods and historical changes that have taken place in Hungary over the years.

There are special displays here for modern Hungarian history, since the Revolution of 1848 and the showcasing of prominent personalities, especially in the past few centuries in the themes of music, literature, science, and medicine.

A special section is held for the Hungarian history of the threatening police, the Communist and Fascist forces from the 20th century until the release and freedom of democracy.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/h3j8LWOoOlY


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