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Askeri Mzesi
Istanbul Military Museum
#About the Historical Military Arms Museum

For lovers of military history, the Istanbul Military Museum (Askeri Muzesi) in Istanbul is a must-see museum.

In this military museum, which once was a powerful empire with a very strong army, you can see an impressive collection of weapons, maps, uniforms, pictures, miscellaneous ammunition and uniforms from the Ottoman army, the Turkish army and more.

In the museum you can also learn about Turkey's military history and see a huge range of military items from close up, including hundreds of weapons of all shapes and sizes, ranging from multiple guns to tanks, planes from the beginning of aviation and more.

# Ottoman Military Music

Even if the museum is fascinating to history and army enthusiasts, many come here specifically to experience the military music of the Janissaries orchestra, the traditional Turkish army orchestra. This military orchestra gives another aspect of the city's music life and contributes to the acquaintance of Istanbul's past culture.

The orchestra appears in the museum with flags and musical instruments used by the Janissaries to play before the battle. Members of the orchestra are dressed in traditional clothes. They perform music and military songs from the time of the Ottoman Empire, from which the Turkish state was born today.

The Janissaries were an imperial order, founded in the 15th century, and had accompanied the Turkish soldiers to battle.


The Janissaries band performs daily, between 3 and 4 pm, except on Mondays and Tuesdays when the museum is closed.

Those interested can watch the performance in a the video.

#A Closer Look:

Rahmi M Koc Museum
Rahmi M. Koc Museum
#About Istanbul's Transportation Musuem

The Rahmi M. Koc Museum in Istanbul is an impressive museum for vehicles and the history of transportation.

The museum includes ancient carriages, locomotives and trains, some of which were still used by the Ottoman sultans. It also features miniature models of trains and various accessories and means from the world of trains and its history.

Alongside them is a large collection of other transportation vehicles. Among them you can see historical tools and transportation from the last few centuries, including carriages, cars and models of cars, ships, planes and even submarines.

There are over 1,000 items here. It is interesting to see among them the blue, personal and luxurious train used by the Turkish Sultan in Ottoman Turkey.

A Closer Look:


Another Look:


Wandering Around the Museum:

Museum of Turkish Jews
Jewish Museum Turkey
#About the Museum with the Story of the Jewish Community of Istanbul

The Jewish Museum of Turkey is a cozy museum that presents and describes the history of the Jewish community of Istanbul. The atmosphere here is unique and does not include the alienation we feel in many museums.

Through a collection of exhibits from the past, donated by families, Turkish synagogues and various Jewish institutions, visitors can learn about the Jewish past, professions, art, commerce, and economy,

The museum exposes visitors to the significant role that the Jewish community brought to the culture and society of the Ottoman Empire, and the unique place of the Jewish community in Turkey in general. It is interesting to see, especially compared to other Jewish communities are the world.

The three floors of the Jewish Museum of Turkey present the long-standing heritage of the Jewish community in Istanbul, which is closely linked to Turkish and Ottoman history. This, by the way, was built up largely by Jews who emigrated to Turkey during the expulsion from Spain.

The museum contains a wealth of exhibits related to the life of this magnificent community, including items related to religious worship in the city and the state, and other items illustrating the place, integration and historical role of this community in Turkish society in the old days.

Although from time to time there are activities related to Turkish Jewish heritage, this museum deals more with the display of a Jewish world existed, and is no longer there.

Closer look:



Turk ve Islam Eserleri Muzesi
Museum of Turkish and Islamic Arts
#About the Islamic and Turkish Art Museum

If you are art enthusiasts or enjoy Islamic art, do not miss this museum, Museum of Turkish and Islamic Arts (Turk ve Islam Eserleri Muzesi) of Istanbul.

You can see here the largest rug collection and the most varied in the world, many Muslim calligraphy works, a display of ancient Islamic ritual articles, jewelry, metal pieces, ceramic items, and many more items totaling more than 40,000.

All the displays are in chronological order in an impressive exhibit, which summarizes the art development in Turkey, since the 7th century to the 19th century.

The museum is located in the Ibrahim Pasha Palace, an impressive palace in the Hippodrome Square. This palace was built with extreme wealth, between 1520 - 1536, at the height of the Ottoman Empire.

A visit here is warmly recommended, even if you are not particularly interested in Islam, or even art. The exhibits here are beautiful, and it's highly unlikely that you will see anything like the displays here anywhere else, and definitely not in such a high concentration.

#A Closer Look:


Museums in Istanbul

Byk Saray Mozaikleri Mzesi
Great Palace Mosaic Museum
#About the Museum With the Mosaics

The Great Palace Mosaic Museum (Büyük Saray Mozaikleri Müzesi) displays a wonderful collection of mosaic art from the Byzantine Emperor's Palace.

In the museum you can see wonderful mosaic, where scenes of hunts and mythology stories are illustrated. The mosaics were found by archeologists near the Sultan Ahmed Mosque.

#A Closer Look:

Istanbul Archaeology Museums
Istanbul Archaeology Museum
#About the Istanbul Archeology Museum

The Istanbul Archeology Museum, next to Topkapi Palace and Hagia Sophia, is one of the most impressive museums in Turkey, both in its enormous scope of exhibits and in its historical value and archeological importance.

The museum contains one of the world's richest collections of archaeological artifacts and historical treasures. These are arranged in chronological order. They are divided into three parts, each containing archaeological finds from one of the ancient cultures that existed in today's Turkey. The largest of these is the section dedicated to the ancient Greek period. Most of these archaeological finds were discovered in southeast Turkey and in Asia Minor in the Anatolia region, the same peninsula in western Asia and southern Turkey.

#What Is There to See Here?

In the Archaeological Museum of the Topkapi Palace you will see an impressive collection of items, mainly from ancient Greece and Rome.

It is worthwhile to see these important items in the museum:

"Alexander the Great's Sarcophagus" - the coffin found in 1887 in Sidon. Researchers believe it was prepared for Alexander the Great.

Table Kadesh - which marks the agreement between Ramses and the Hittite Empire, after the famous battle.

Gezer Table - An ancient tablet found in the Land of Israel, listing the names of the Jewish calendar months.

Siloam Inscription - describing the story of the quarrying of the Siloam tunnel in Jerusalem during the Hezekiah period.

Temple Warning Inscription.

#The Museum's Story

The museum was established at the end of the 19th century, after leaders began to travel a lot to Europe, leading to a process of modernization in Ottoman Turkey. This process increased awareness of preserving knowledge, displaying the treasures of the past and establishing museums in Turkey as well.

At that time, three museums, which still operate today, were erected by order of the Sultan and in the area of ​​the Topkapi Palace. These museums are the Archaeology Museum, the Museum of the Ancient Near East and the Museum of Turkish and Islamic Arts. The latter, by the way, is located in a building built in the 15th century by the Sultan Mehmet II, for the Museum of Islamic Art.

It was not a simple task to fill these excellent museums with all the finds from all over Turkey. In order to preserve most of the past, the Sultan ordered all provincial governors to send findings to the museum. Today, many years after the order was implemented completely, it is clear how important it was to create a situation in which Turkey preserves and correctly presents its past.


The museum is located in the Topkapi Palace.

Opening Hours: Tuesday - Sunday 9:30 am - 5:00 pm.

It is worth planning in advance the visit here, because the museum is very large.

#A Visit:

Hagia Sophia
Hagia Sophia
# About the Wonderful Church that Became a Mosque, and Today a Museum

For centuries, the Church of Hagia Sophia was considered the largest and most magnificent church in the world. This is a very beautiful and impressive building.

The Church of St. Sophia, whose name means "Church of Holy Wisdom," was built in the 6th century, during the Byzantine Empire. For about 1,000 years it was the center of the Byzantine Empire. In the 15th century, when the Ottomans took over Istanbul, they converted it into a mosque.

The Hagia Sophia is considered one of the most famous buildings in the world. This is a very impressive building with enormous dimensions, the size of which competes with its beauty. In fact, it is the largest Christian cathedral in Turkey. Do not miss the beautiful mosaic decorations.

In front of the Hagia Sophia you will see the stone that marks the zero point. This stone survived from the Byzantine period. It was then used as a landmark of the "center of the universe," as they saw the world at the time. From it were marked mile stones, distances all over the empire.

#History of Hagia Sophia

Between the 4th and 6th centuries the Hagia Sophia was rebuilt several times in Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine Empire that was in Istanbul today and was burned down. The present structure is the last one to survive 1,400 years since the 6th century, when it was built as a church of Constantinople.

It was built at the time, by Emperor Justinian I, by 10,000 workers and builders. At the end of 536 CE, it was inaugurated, and for a thousand years it was considered the largest church in the world.

In the 15th century, after the Byzantine Empire sank, Constantinople was conquered by the Ottomans who hastened to turn it into the Hagia Sophia Mosque. They added to it fountains and high minarets, the mausoleum minarets characteristic of the mosques.

In the 1930's, the mosque became a museum and up to today.

#Church Architecture

The Hagia Sophia, originally a Greek Orthodox church, is one of the most prominent examples of the art and architecture of the Byzantine Empire. The church, which was destroyed during the 6th century CE, was renovated and preserved with techniques that were developed specifically for it, giving it the glory of the most important building of Byzantine architecture.

Its exterior and slightly grayish exterior, may be misleading. Because this large church is well planned.

And it is not only because of the size, that the church of Hagia Sophia, which has become a mosque, can be considered an architectural work of art. It has wonderful and unique gold mosaics, which cause the breath to shift from its entrance. In these golden mosaics you can see iconic figures in the history of Christianity, such as the Virgin Mary, the Archangel Gabriel and various Byzantine emperors.

Even in the foyer, before leaving the church, on the way to her large, impressive exit gate, she looked back and up. See and notice the magnificent mosaic, in which Jesus and Madonna are seen in the center, to the right of which the Emperor Justinian holds the Hagia Sophia and to the left the Emperor Constantine presenting the model of the city.

So both artistically and architecturally it is a masterpiece that is no less incomprehensible. You are entitled to feel lucky - from the day of its construction until today, the Hagia Sophia influenced many buildings and churches in the world and is a real world icon!


It is worth going up to the gallery on the second floor and looking out into the vast space of the church. Notice also the special mosaics of the Middle Ages.

# A View from Above:


#Church Pictures:


#A Tour:

Fethiye Mosque
Fethiye Mosque
#About the Turkish Mosque in Athens

The Turkish mosque of Athens, Fethiye Mosque, is an Ottoman mosque from the 17th century, located at the center of Athens, right near the Tower of the Winds. Behind the mosque is the Roman Forum, and right near it is the Roman Agora. This is one of 2 mosques in the city.

This mosque remains from the days of the Ottoman rule over the city of Athens. It was built in the 15th century over the ruins of a Christian Basilica from the Byzantine period, built somewhere in the 8th of 9th centuries. The same Christian church was turned into a mosque in 1456, shortly after the Duchy of Athens was conquered, towards the visit of the Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror in 1458.

In the Ottoman period, many called this place the Wheatmarket Mosque. During the short occupation of the city by the Venetian forces in the 17th century, the mosque was changed into a Catholic church.

As the War of Independence broke out in 1824, the mosque was used as a school. Close to the end of the war, the steeple fell from the mosque. Until the start of the 20th century, the building was used as a military prison and bakery. Since then, it was used as a place to store findings from digs in the Agora and the Acropolis in Athens.

Today, since 2017, the mosque has been repaired and operates as a museum and show room for photos and antiquities. This is how one of the most important buildings in Athens' history was turned into a leading cultural center in Athens.

A Closer Look at the Mosque:


Photos of the Mosque:


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.