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City Fire Museum
City Fire Museum
#About the Firefighter's Museum

The City Fire Museum was established in 1904, in a building where the New York firefighter station was located. There is a reason that the city's firefighters are called heroes. After the 9/11 terror attack they acted bravely to rescue many from the ruins, and many even sacrificed their own lives in the process. The American nation gives them the respect they deserve, and today many visitors come to the museum.

In the museum you can learn about the history of the firefighting station that has been operating for over 100 years, you will see exhibits and documents that glorify the name of the New York firefighters, and even honor those who perished in the terrible terror event, in a monument displaying their pictures and stories. You will also see antique fire trucks, medals of excellence and firefighting equipment.
Museum at Eldridge Street
Museum at Eldridge street
#About the Museum that was Dedicated to Jewish Emigrants

The Museum at Eldridge Street is dedicated to the Jewish immigration to the Lower East Side, at the start of the 20th century. It is located in a building from 1887, that was originally a synagogue.

The synagogue, of the oldest in the United States, was established in 1887 in the Lower East End, by Jews from Eastern Europe, who immigrated to the United States. For six years community members from the congregation of the Kahal Adath Jeshurun collected the money to build the synagogue, that was built with 3 wings. After the money needed was collected, they turned to Peter and Francis William Herter, the architects, to design the building in the Mori-style.

The synagogue was a successful Jewish Center, especially between 1900-1940. In those years, the synagogue was used as an absorption center for immigrants who were just arriving in the United States. In addition to religious services, community-oriented events took place here as well, like the collection and donation of money the Jewish State of Israel.

With time, many of the community members left the area, and immigration limits limited the number of immigrants who were arriving in New York. The Great Depression did not help the situation of the Jewish community, and with time the synagogue was closed for lack of resources to take care of it.

In 1986 a non-profit organization was established called "Project Eldridge Street," to return the building to its former educational, cultural, and community activities. The renovation ended on December 2, 2007, at the cost of $20 million. It was open to the wide public under the current museum name. The Jewish community worked hard to get it to its current situation so it can be accepted as a National Historic Monument.

Today, the building has a modest synagogue and a wonderful museum with guided tours and activities for children. You can also look through the museum archive of genealogy, and see if any of your relatives were members of this synagogue.
The Museum of Jewish Heritage
Museum of Jewish Heritage
#About the Jewish Museum of New York

The Museum of Jewish Heritage, located in southern Manhattan, is a living and moving monument for the Holocaust. It was opened in 1997, and was dedicated to the research of Jewish history, community life and culture at the beginning of the 20th century. The museum succeeds in telling the story of the Holocaust from the perspective of the Jews who experienced it for themselves, with personal items and photographs.

The hexagon shaped building points to the six corners of the Star of David, and in parallel reminds of the 6 million Jews who were killed in the Holocaust.

In the museum are two big permanent exhibits about Jewish culture. There are also many temporary exhibits here. There are no less than 800 items of art, 2,000 photos and videos of different people interviewing for the museum. The museum holds performances, music concerts, lectures, and discussions for the entire family. Outside the museum building is a garden, named "Stone Garden," where 18 stones are presented, each with containing a miniature oak tree that grows out of stone.

In 2005 the museum received a $20 million donation from the New York Cares Organization to promote education and knowledge. At the same time, the museum acts as an extension for the Auschwitz Synagogue in Poland.
Tenement Museum
Tenement Museum
#About the Musem that Takes You Back to the 19th-Century East-Side

The museum, located on Orchard Street, sits in an ancient building built in the mid-19 century. The building has 5 floors dedicated to the lives of the immigrants who came to New York. The renovated apartments had been tended, and furniture was placed to showcase the lives of the immigrants, and the standing of the worker's status. You can also take a peek at the Lower East Side culture and the influence of the immigrants who arrived in the United States in the 19th century.

It is interesting that the original residents of the building took part in the renovations of the building, and expressed the stories of their lives. Among everything you can hear audio recordings of people who lived and grew up here. Like an Italian-American woman, who grew up in one of the apartments, and she describes how she did her homework on the kitchen table while her mom cooked dinner.

If you want a complimentary experience, every tour is given by actors who act as if they were immigrants from that time.

Museums in New York

Whitney Museum of American Art
Whitney Museum of American Art
#About the Museum for American Art

The museum was established in 1931, and has over 12,000 items of modern art, displayed in different mediums. The Whitney Museum of American Art is in New York and is one of the most popular modern art museums.

The museum was established by Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, who was a well-known sculptor and collector of American artists. By 1929, she had already collected 700 pieces of art by modern artists, and tried to show it to the general public when she offered the collection to the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Metropolitan refused the donation and requirements by Whitney. She did not let go of the motion to show her collection to the public, and decided to established a museum herself, to show her collection.

During the founding, Flora Payne, Gertrude's daughter, was the curator. As the years went by, she filled more and more important roles in the frame of the museum (President and Chairman of the Museum). The museum was kept in the family, with prominent roles being taken by Gertrude's grandchildren.

In 1966 the museum moved to Madison Avenue in Manhattan. This building was planned by architects Marcel Breuer and Hamilton P. Smith between 1963-1966. In 2015 it was moved to its current location, at the start of the High Line, planned by the famous architect Renzo Piano. Every two years the museum hosts an event called Biennale, an event dedicated to current art.



#Distress of the Musem Location

The Whitney Museum is one of the leading museums in the modern art sector, and it has many private collections. It is not by accident that it has moved too often in the past, for it lacks in display spaces, and its inability to properly display its collections to the public.

To try to solve this problem, temporary exhibits were displayed in different buildings, and openings official museum chapters around the city, but this was still not enough to give an answer to the problem. The most successful answer was a lot that was found on the southern edge of the High Line, where Renzo Piano planned the museum to contain double the display space the museum had before.

Today, the museum is located in a neighborhood that is slowly become more and more a tourist destination. The area is full of galleries, and is located in the heart of culture and entertainment. This provides the museum the opportunity to widen its crowd of visitors, and give more people the opportunity to be exposed to the respected collection.

The large spaces, inside and out, the great lighting, a new crowd of visitors - all these ensure that the museum's new location is, after all, the best for it.


#Architecture of the Museum

The Whitney Museum has existed for about 85 years. In 2015 it was opened for the fourth time, at a new location next to the High Line. The museum building was designed and planned by the architect Renzo Piano. It is interesting mostly for the division it causes its visitors.

On the ground floor, the walls are transparent and give the feeling of proximity to the street. There is an attempt to make it so the street will "walk through" the museum, and will not give an impression of change from the street to the museum. The clear glass panels are held with stainless steel cables.

Between the floors 1-4 are different museum rooms: study rooms, offices, an auditorium, and more. Between floors 5-8 you will find the display halls. The large space between the ground floor and the exhibition spaces is traversed by elevators that feed them directly to the relevant floor. The stairwells of the building are partly located in internal spaces and some are external. This allows you to look at impressive statues set against an urban backdrop. Original and unusual.

The planners and curators encourage proper use of the museum's structure, as an important tool in presenting the work and exposing it to visitors. The classic concrete floors were replaced by strips of recycled pine wood, which allow artists to use them for the purposes of the works. The exposed steel angles located along the ceiling allow heavy works to be hung. The fifth floor, the first of the exhibit floors, was built as an open space with no columns, to provide space for different installments, according to the exhibit needs.
The New Museum of Contemporary Art
The New Museum of Contemporary Art
#About the Museum for Contemporary Art

The museum was established in 1977 by Marcia Tucker. In the past it began operating in different places around the city, and only 30 years later did it arrive at this great building. The museum is in the Soho area, and is all dedicated to the contemporary arts. The museum building opened in 2007, in a series of events that were meant to commemorate 30 years for the museum.

The architecture of the building is very unique. It looks like 6 cubes placed on top of another. The color is bright in contrast to the other buildings in the area, and you will easily recognize it. The interesting design was planned by Japanese architects, and cost $62 million to build.

The museum began collecting in 2000, while putting an emphasis on emerging artists from around the world, on modern paintings and unique styles. The museum is proud especially in its exhibits having to do with social justice and politics, racism and other social movements.

On the top floor of the museum there is a wonderful view overlooking the area.
New Museum
New Museum
#About the New Museum

The New Museum is the only one among the museums in New York that is particular about dealing with contemporary art only. It is located in south Manhattan, in Soho.

In the modern building there are 8 floors, designed by Japanese architects, and its shape looks like a pile of die, abandoned in a messy way. The floors are accessible, and provide open galleries that are flexible in how they can be showcased. The museum began collecting in 2000. Notice a bright painting on the facade of the building, the creation "Hell. Yes!!" by Ugo Rondinone.

The temporary exhibits in the museum are extremely varied, and the museum specifically puts an emphasis on upcoming artists, modern art techniques, and displaying unique and original art, outside the mainstream.



#Tips

On Thursdays between 7:00 pm and 9:00 pm, the entrance fee is "pay what you want."

On Saturdays and Sundays the roof is open to the public for free, and there is a wonderful view.
Ellis Island Immigration Museum
Ellis Island Immigration Museum
#About the Museum

The Immigration Museum on Ellis Island helps visitors learn about the past of people who immigrated to the United States, and this attraction is fit for the whole family. The museum opened in 1990, and is located in an impressive 3-story building. The planner of the building replicated the look and feel of the building that stood here in the 20rth century.

The island was used by the immigration department of the United States, and through here about 12 million immigrants passed, on their way to New York, at the end of the 19th century and towards the beginning of the 20th century. Back then, 98% were allowed to enter the United States, and about 2% were returned to their home countries.

The process of immigrating to the United States took about half a day - it began with a medical exam (to ensure that whoever entered was healthy and not bringing in any disease or illnesses), afterwards, a personal interview where immigrants had to explain their reasons for coming to America. Stories tell that back then the immigration building was neglected, and the police force scared the immigrants.

The interactive museum has documents, photos, videos and even theater pieces. There is a monument where 420,000 families of immigrants were commemorated.

The Museum and Ellis Island:

https://youtu.be/wckFtoHSqKw


Brooklyn Children's Museum
Brooklyn Children's Museum
#About the Children's Museum in Brooklyn

You are in the first museum established in New York, especially for children. The museum was established in 1899 and is among the earliest museums in the world, specific for children. And so, up to today the museum is oriented to children and does a great job at evoking curiosity, creativity, and a sense of self-expression.

At the Brooklyn Children's Museum there are a variety of activities and challenges for kids, whose purpose is to expose kids at an early age to things like art, nature, human beings, especially those from far away from more exotic lands.

There is so much variety that it is hard to describe it all. Examples of activities? There is a costume section with a stage for performances, toys for toddlers and a sandbox, a section with kitchen utensils that have become musical instruments, and a special section for babies.

One of the corners that kids really love, is the stores and restaurants areas. These have all been adjusted to kid height, and it lets children act like adults, so they can either go grocery shopping, and fill a cart with stuff, or some can enter the workforce and make Italian pizzas.



#Tips

During the summer months the museum has water activities for children, so be sure to bring an extra set of clothes.

We recommend coming with children between the ages of 5 - 6 years old.

The museum is closed on Mondays.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/2v6LfygMI3M
Children's Museum of the Arts
#About the Museum

What a pleasure to take the little ones to a museum dedicated to them! The Children's Art Museum in New York is suitable for children from 10 months to 12 years. Children here will find themselves creating together with art teachers paintings, sculptures, textile works, stop motion, animations and more.

All these are part of the mission that this wonderful museum has taken upon itself - to promote love and understanding of art among children. The museum also includes programs for children with learning disabilities, adopted children or those who have no home.

The Children's Museum of the Arts was established in 1988 by Kathleen Schneider. It was placed in Charlton Street in New York, and spread on 10,000 square meters. The museum preserves over 2,000 items of children art, created in 50 countries starting in 1930.

The museum is considered to be a great attraction for the whole family, especially if the family enjoys art and art education. Have fun!
The Frick Collection
#About the Museum

This special museum, located at the palace of a rich industrialist, Henry Frick, is considered one of the most beautiful museums in the city. Henry Frick was a great art collector, that was also the head of the company Carnegie Steel. The palace was the prestigious home of his family members, and the most grandeur in the area, even though almost all the homes on Fifth Avenue were mansions or private exclusive clubs.

The impressive artistic collection, with about 1,000 items, the entire family collected together. Among the collections are ancient furniture and art pieces by famous artists such as Degas and Rembrandt. The pieces are scattered throughout the 16 halls of the museum.

The museum itself is small and pretty and was designed by architects Carrère & Hastings in 1914. In 1935 the architect John Russell Pope expanded the building to fit it to a place for the public. The building is in the neo-Classic style, and the garden was planned according to the model of a Roman atrium, with palm trees in the garden. In the courtyard, you will also see a round music hall used for concerts and conferences.




A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/_SEtCYsD-WA


Walkthrough of the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DO3rGlSZuQg
Metropolitan Museum of Art
#About "the Met" Art Museum

For art enthusiasts, a visit to the Metropolitan Museum of Art is more than necessary. Though the full name of the museum is the Metropolitan Museum of Art, people refer to it by its nickname, the Met. It is one of the largest and most important museums in the world. It is located on 'Museum Avenue' in New York City.

The museum opened in 1872, and is on the eastern side of Central Park. In the permanent exhibits of the museum there are more than three million displays that surveys human cultures for the past 5,000 years, from the prehistoric period up to today.

In the Metropolitan Museum you will find art in many categories, classical, ancient, Asian, Oceanic, African, Islamic and modern. All this is displayed in no less than 19 huge halls, each one dedicated to a different topic.

Keep in mind that the museum is large and the visit may take time. This experience requires meticulous planning and decisions about what to give up and what to see, but if you have limited time, it is recommended to arrive at the Temple of Dendur located in the Egyptian wing. The structure was copied and presented just as it was in Egypt in 1967.

Among the recommended ones here are the European Sculpture Garden and the rooms devoted to the paintings of Vermeer and Rembrandt. The museum also offers free guided tours, which are carried by volunteers and museum staff.


#In the movies:
The Met steps featured in the TV teen drama "Gossip Girl" and in the "Ocean’s 8" Crime film.


A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://youtu.be/OTsqUNGFYlM


A Tour:

https://youtu.be/81cOWV3-xxs
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum
#About the Museum Whose Building Became an Icon

This interesting spiral building, a museum for modern art, was inaugurated in 1959, and it is named after Solomon R. Guggenheim. He initiated the establishment of the museum in order to display the rare collection of art he owned.

The special design of the building is the creation of American architect Frank Lloyd Wright, and there is no doubt that the building's exterior draws many visitors to enjoy the beauty. The building is a cultural symbol, and an icon for architecture that is modern and new, creative and curious.

Though its beauty, many criticize the design of the building which brings with it failures, and lack of conformity to its location. For its spiral shape, observing the art inside is not completely straight, but crooked, what can be difficult to see the art in the same perspective that the artist was aiming for. The ceilings in the Guggenheim Museum are lower than usual, and some say this gives a sense that paintings and other art do not receive the respect they deserve.

A few years after Wright passed away, in 1992 the building underwent renovations, where more floors were added to the museum, with higher ceilings. There the pieces of art were moved that required bigger spaces.

In the museum you will find works by a variety of talented artists: Chagall, Picasso, Kandinsky, and more. Most of the collections include paintings, though there are also statues. On the fifth floor you will find a balcony with a view of Central Park.



#The Guggenheim Museum's Design

The Guggenheim Museum in New York was designed by the well-known architect Frank Lloyd Wright. Wright took 700 sketches and 15 years until he was able to arrive at what he had wanted - a building that was different than all the 'boxes' around, the same old buildings of New York.

Indeed, the structure of the Guggenheim Museum in New York has a unique shape that many consider an art piece no less important than the abstract works that are presented inside. The rounded shape, asymmetrical, irregular, and whose wide part is precisely above, is unforgettable. It was also the first museum where the gallery flows through- no floors and no rooms, but only one space curving a gentle slope down the building, up to the entry level.

What made this magic possible, is the design of the structure according to the Fibonacci series, and according to the Golden Ratio. Just like the nautilus shell, the oldest shell that still exists in the world and has not changed since the dinosaur period. The idea was accepted by the architect after a wealthy Baroness, who commissioned the work, demanded that the structure be rounded. From here the road was short for imitation of the nautilus shell, all calculated on the basis of the Fibonacci principle. It is a principle based on the Golden Ratio, the most effective form of nature for reduced replication.



A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a51J5hzHg4U


A Tour of the Museum:

https://youtu.be/FWFeDzKGA78


Stunning Screening on the Museum's Spiral Structure:

https://youtu.be/osc8Gvz40C4
MoMA
#About the MoMA - Museum of Modern Art

You do not have to be an art enthusiast to tour this art museum. You can come to soak in the atmosphere, enjoy the aesthetics and the nostalgic smell of art. The Museum of Modern Art (referred to as the MoMA), is considered one of the best art museums in the world, and it is highly recommended to visit here.

The idea for establishing this museum came from "The Ladies," three well-standing women, who really wanted to create the largest modern art museum for the residents of New York.

The MoMA, built in the 1930's, was planned by Edward Durell Stone and built by Philip Goodwin. The museum was first opened to visitors in 1929. In the 1950's and 1960's a serious renovation took place here by architect Philip Johnson, who added the wonderful garden with benches. Between the years 2002 and 2004, more renovations took places as the museum doubled its size.

You can find here permanent displays, as well as temporary displays of various themes: design, photography, and sculptures. Among the displays you can see that the museum is not short of first-class art, like Vincent Van Gough's "Starry Night," Pablo Picasso's "Les Demoiselles d'Avignon," Salvador Dali's "The Persistence of Memory," Claude Monet's "Water Lilies," Paul Cézanne's "Les Grandes Baigneuses," and more.

In addition to displays, you can arrive daily for screenings of avant-garde, classic American, and European movies.



#Tips

The entrance is free daily between 4:00 pm and 8:00 pm. It is a little crowded at this time, so try to get a place at the start of the line.


A Closer Look at the Modern Museum:

https://youtu.be/BDwxeGEeXeY
New York Hall Of Science
#About the Science Museum for the Children of New York

The New York Hall of Science is located in Queens. This museum is very interactive, whose purpose is to let children's curiosity in science come to life.

In every room and space in the museum there are expert and friendly tour guides, who help children enjoy the place and find all the options offered here. They explain, provoke thought, play with the kids, and provide the opportunity to participate in a variety of interesting activities.

Examples for activities that the museum offers children are the creation of soap animals, getting to know the human eye and how it works, illusions, sculpting with balloons, paper mache, adventures in space, hall of mirrors, 4D theater, golf courses, and many more exciting and enriching activities.

Many parents say that this museum enriches children, while at the same time they really enjoy themselves. Everyone always emphasizes that kids love the Hall of Science, and it is therefore highly recommended.



#Tips

On Fridays between 2:00 pm and 5:00 pm, and on Sundays between 10:00 am and 11:00 am - the entrance is free.

The museum is intended mostly for children between the ages of 3-12.

An average visit here takes between 3 -5 hours.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/FAq92nc3EWg
American Museum of Natural History
#About the Natural History Museum of New York

One of the most important museums in the United States is the American Museum of Natural History. It is located in Central Park West Ave in Manhattan. The museum was established in 1869, originally located in the arsenal building, until moving to its current location in 1974. The museum includes 25 buildings where there are permanent and temporary exhibits. For its massive size, the museum holds up to 30 million items on display.

The museum is famous mainly for its Dioramas (3D models), the displayed stuffed animals in their natural habitat: animals from Asia, Africa, and North America. Near these displays are also displays of fossils, meteor remains, diamonds and minerals. In the Ocean Hall there is a life-size model of a blue whale. In the permanent exhibits there is a space exhibit, science and historical fossils, and among these dinosaur skeletons.

There is a Planetarium in the museum showing a three-dimensional view of space, with a spectacular audio-visual display and show about the universe.

The museum is a classic children's museum, however, adults will also find a lot to be fascinated with here. The museum has over 1,200 workers and managers and conducts about 100 researches every year.

Entrance fees to the museum are on a donation base only, but it is common to leave 5 dollars at least.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kxPCFljwJws


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.