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New Acropolis Museum
New Acropolis Museum
#About the Modern Museum that Displays the Findings from the Ancient Acropolis

In the ancient temple complex, in 2009 a museum opened called the New Acropolis Museum. The new impressive and modern museum contradicts in a clear way the historic and ancient temple.

Over 4,000 items are displayed here from the ancient Acropolis in Athens. There are many explanations about the fascinating findings, from the Parthenon to the ancient neighborhoods of Athens.




#The Museum's Architecture

The museum was designed by the Swedish architect Bernard Tschumi, with the help of Michael Photiadis, created a building that was 23,000 square meters, made of exposed concrete, glass, metal, and floors made of dark and light marble. It is great that in the modern building we are located in now, Tschumi was able to beautifully reference in a respected and fascinating way, the architecture of the Greek temples of Athens.

The architect combined in a wonderful way the ruins of the ancient neighborhood that were discovered in the building area, once the building started. He also invested a lot into the visual experience of visitors, by creating visual points of view with the Acropolis and the Parthenon, and creating eye contact for the visitors with themselves, inside the museum.

There's also a great attribute to the building, which takes advantage of the natural lighting of the sun, coming from outside.

The museum, by the way, elevated significantly the standing of the neighborhood where it was built. In a short time the neighborhood changed from a simple place, to a luxurious and well-thought of place in the city.

The museum's location, adjacent to the south-eastern corner of the Acropolis and the underground train, brings over 5 million visitors per year, the museum is also air conditioned in the summer and heated in the winter, unlike other famous sites that are completely out in the open.



#Displays at the Museum

The museum is made of 4 sections:

The basement- the glass floor enables to see the remains of the Byzantine period residential areas, that were discovered in digs under the museum's building.

The ground floor- Findings from the digs from the foothills of the Acropolis's cliffs, outside the upper city. There are many ceramic remains here, from the Neolithic period, until the Roman period. Additionally, findings from the Nymph's Temples, located near the Herodes Atticus Theater, and from the Asklepieion that was discovered near the Dionysus Theater.

The second floor- findings from the ancient Acropolis, that was destroyed by the Persians, like the statues of the old Parthenon

The top floor- this is the Parthenon floor.



#Opening Hours

Monday: 8:00 am - 4:00 pm
Tuesday-Thursday: 8:00 am - 8:00 pm
Friday: 8:00 am - 10:00 pm
Saturday: 8:00 am - 8:00 pm


A Visit:

https://youtu.be/49TsjfebAH0+
Dionysus Theater
Dionysus Theater
#About the Ruins of the European Theater on the Foothills of the Acropolis

On the southern foothills of the Acropolis is the Dionysus Theater, and not far away is another theater, of Herodes Atticus.

When the Dionysus Theater was built, in the 4th century BC, it was built instead of an older theater that stood here. Today, only 20 rows have survived, less than a third of the original amount, which was 64 rows. In ancient times, this was a place to come and see plays, the theater could fit about 15,000 people, and it is estimated that about 17,000 would sit here at one point.

The Dionysus Theater had a role in the history of theater. Right here, in the ancient theater over which it was built, the greatest Greek classic dramas were performed, by Sophocles, Aeschylus, Euripides and Aristophanes. In the first rows used to sit the city's dignitaries, and here some of the most famous plays were performed.

In the Roman period a new stage was built here, and even a paved area for a band. If you look through the rows of the ancient theater, you will find a seat that is decorated differently from the rest, in one of the first rows of the theater. This was the seat for the Priest of Dionysus, during the Roman rule of Athens.

The theater in the past had a covered roof made of wood, that seems to have been damaged during a fire. Either way, today both ancient theaters are used for open-air concerts, under the bright sky.



#Tips

The same entry ticket can also be used for the Acropolis and a number of other sites, besides the Dionysus Theater, the Ancient Agora, the Roman Agora, the National Archaeological Museum, and more.

The entrance is free on the first Sunday of every month, except during tourist season (July-September), they the free entrance is actually on the second Sunday of every month. Also, every Sunday between November 1st and March 31st the entrance is also free.


#Opening Hours

Summer months - 8:00 am - 7:00 pm
Winter months - 8:00 am - 5:00 pm



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/jIfLahibHxo
The Jewish Museum of Greece
Jewish Museum of Greece
#About the City's Jewish Museum

The Jewish Museum of Greece was established in 1977 to tell the story of the Jewish community, throughout history and present times. The museum nicely presents the long history of the Greek Jewish community. The visitors are clearly exposed to the life of the Jews in Greece for 2,300 years.

This museum begins with a simple display of items that have survived World War II, a display that was shown a small room adjacent to Athens' Synagogue. It has since grown, and moved to this current building, and to this day is used as a place to commemorate the Jews of Greece and their lives. All of this is done with the help of photos, documents, textiles, jewelry, holy items, and more.

There are over 10,000 items having to do with the traditions and lives of the Jews of Greece, throughout history and up to today. Naturally, there is an emphasis on World War II, and the great tragedy of the annihilation of most of the Jewish population of the Greece Jewish community during the Holocaust.

The museum is not only a place for displaying items, but it is also a place of advanced research. On top of being a space for displaying items, the museum is also used as a place to learn and research the lives of the Jew in Greece. For this reason, many researchers come here from around the world.



#Displays at the Museum

The permanent exhibit at the Jewish Museum spreads over 6 floors, where each floor focuses on something different:

On the ground floor you can see items that used to be in synagogues around Greece. On the first floor are items relating to Jewish holidays. On the second floor are historical Jewish artifacts. On the third floor there are screenings of movies about Jews and about the Jewish Museum.

The top floors are dedicated to the Holocaust and the murder of most of the Jewish Greece population, showcasing Jewish clothes, and the top floor has items from the daily lives of the Jews of Greece.

Sometimes there are also temporary exhibitions, and there is also a modest museum store.




A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/5itj2N19JZA
Anafiotika
Anafiotika
#About Athens' Village Neighborhood

One of the neighborhoods that should not be missed while visiting in Athens, is the Anafiotika neighborhood, located in the shadow of the Acropolis, in the heart of the city.

The quiet and small neighborhood is picturesque, with narrow alleyways, small steps made of white stones, which stand here since the 19th century. Notice the type of buildings - white houses in a cube-like shape, with colorful doors and windows (blue, green, and yellow).

The neighborhood is quiet, and you will rarely see the locals, but there are still a few parts to pay attention to. One of them is the Church of Ayios Simeon, built by the first residence of the neighborhood in 1874. Also the Church of the Metamorphosis Sotiros, this is a dome-covered church made of stone, built in the 14th century. Here you will also see the village from the Cycladic Islands founded by the former residents of the village of Anafi in the 19th century.

From the place you will have a great view over all of Athens.



Photos of Anafiotika:

https://youtu.be/VBlgTAnkGtU

Must See in Athens

Ancient Agora
Ancient Agora
#About the Market Area and the Political Center of Ancient Athens

The Ancient Agora was a market, and the main political center of ancient Athens. Here were the main merchant stores in Athens, and here big events in history occurred.

In the Agora, the center of social, cultural and political life of the city, where the schools of the biggest philosophers. One of them was lead by Socrates, and where Paul the Apostle lectured about Christianity in 49 BC. Here the famous Athens democracy was born, and nearby were theaters where the Greek tragedies evolved, the parents and grandparents of plays and movies, up to this day.

One of the main locations in the Agora, north of the Acropolis and west of Plaka, is the Hephaisteion Temple, dedicated to the Greek god of blacksmiths. This temple was built in 449 BC and is the best-preserved temple in Athens.

Not far, you can see the Stoa of Attalos, and the Church of the Holy Apostles, built in the 11th century, in dedication to Paul the Apostle.

In the museum in the Ancient Agora you can see many findings from the market throughout the years.



#What is the Greek Agora?

The Agora in Ancient Greece was a place where the locals gathered, and those from elsewhere, like all main cities of the time, to shop, tour, gossip, and hear the news.

In the Greek Agora, between shopping and conversations, assemblies and preaching, ideas were always being starts, fights, and makeups. Here was the center of town, and the main place where you can reach interesting people.




#Tips

The entrance ticket into the Acropolis, beyond entrance into all the sites at the location, also a few other sites in the area, like the Acropolis, the Museum of Archeology of Karamissos, and more.

Entrance is free on the first Sunday of each month. During the tourist season (July-September), entrance is actually free on the second Sunday of each month. Additionally, between November 1st and March 31st, the entrance is free on every Sunday of the month.



A Visit:

https://youtu.be/dPTs2Yu8k_k



An Explanation in English:

https://youtu.be/swVFXvplfDA
Benaki Museum
Benaki Museum
#About the Museum of History and Culture of Greece

The Benaki Museum is a real gem, showing Greece and its historical and cultural development. The museum's collection offers a great view of the history of Greece and covers various aspects of Greek history and culture.

The findings here are presented floor by floor, according to the order of the periods. They begin with the prehistoric and modern times, through the Roman and Byzantine culture and the fall of Constantinople, Greece's struggle for independence and democracy in the 19th and 20th centuries and up to the present.

There are a wealth of fascinating exhibits, including spectacular and historic mosaics, antique jewelry and a costume exhibition from all over Greece, considered a unique collection.

Founded in 1930 by a Greek collector named Arthur Benaki of Alexandria, the museum is housed in an impressive building with a fine art shop and café, offering a magnificent view of Athens.


#Tips

On Thursdays the entrance is free, except for the changing exhibitions. Every Wednesday there is a free entrance to the Museum of Islamic Art.

Under 22 - Free entrance.


A Visit:

https://youtu.be/sfWduV4zwcg


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/BoRsE9XNYKg
Lycabettus Hill
Lycabettus Hill
#About the Great Viewpoint Hill of Lycabettus

Legend has it that Lycabettus Hill, or "Wolf Hill" gets its name from the fact that in ancient times many wolves lived here. In ancient times there was a temple here in honor of the god Zeus at the top of the hill, the hill rises to the height of 277 meters, is known as the best observation point in Athens.

Lycabettus Hill stands on the high streets surrounding the Kolonaki quarter. The hill area is wooded and has nice hiking trails. You can also visit the beautiful white church of Agios Nikolaos, St. George's Chapel. On the hill there is also an open theater and a restaurant with amazing views.

From here you can also just stand and look out over the entire city. The magnificent panoramic view extends all over the city to the sea. Take the time and try to locate the Acropolis and the Plaka. Try to locate the port of Piraeus and far from the sea, the nearby island Aegina



#Tips

You can get to the top of the hill by the cable car, the cable car ascends from within the mountainside. You will also have to climb a bit with the cable car, and hikers can climb the stairs all the way to the top.

The stairs are not easy to climb, and in summer they are very exposed to the sun. Get a hat and water!


A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/SRNoAsvj_9A
Roman Agora of Athens
Roman Agora of Athens
#About the Roman Agora

The Roman Agora of Athens, or the Roman Forum as it is sometimes called, is located near the tower of spirits in the ancient Agora. This agora was built by the Romans who ruled here, as a continuation of the original agora, which, during Roman rule in Athens, became an archaeological garden and a kind of antiquities museum.

As in the ancient Agora, the Roman market here was a center for the city's residents at the time, where a large part of the commercial and social life of the city took place.

The Roman Agora was smaller than the ancient Greek Agora. It was built in 11 BC, in the style of Dori. These were Julius Caesar and other Roman leaders who ruled Athens and built not only their agora but also a number of buildings and monuments in the ancient Agora and the Acropolis.

The market of the Agora was allocated by the Romans a large open area, surrounded by a row of columns. On its eastern side was a boulevard of shops with a fountain on its southern side. The Roman Agora had access to public services.

Unfortunately, it is not possible today to see much of the Roman Agora in Athens, since most of the buildings built there were completely or mostly destroyed. In some cases, they were destroyed in order to build magnificent structures and temples in later periods.


#Tips

The same entrance ticket is used both for the Acropolis and for the entrance to several other sites in the area, including the ancient agora, the Roman Agora, the archaeological museum of Karameikos and more.

The entrance is free on the first Sunday of each month.


A Closer Look at the Roman Agora of Athens:

https://youtu.be/SVSXnan0yME


What the Agora Seemed to be in Ancient Times:

https://youtu.be/NHtiA-8eGDY


Piraeus Harbour
Port of Piraeus
#Athens' Port, the Most Important in Greece

Since the ancient days, the Port of Piraeus was the main port of Athens, and the largest in Greece. Today the title remains, as the main port of Greece, the port where many of the cruises to different islands and countries leave, if in the Mediterranean Sea or further away.

Piraeus is a classic port city, like in songs and books. You will find here a port and everything that is expected from a port city, especially in the Mediterranean Sea. The honking of cargo ships, and passenger ships declaring the start of their journey. Ticket stands and travel agencies, marine equipment stores, and cargo that has just arrived with the ships, warehouses and tax houses, the harbor stevedores, loading cranes, tavernas and bars along the main street of the port, lines of cars waiting to board the ferries.

You have arrived at the Port of Piraeus - for generations songs and books were written about this port, and now you are finally here as well. Enjoy!



#What is There to do at the Port of Piraeus?

The area of the Port of Piraeus is among the liveliest areas in Athens. It's nice to walk along the port, near the boats, shuttles and yachts that dock here. A meal in one of the many tavernas scattered around, will reward you with a dinner of seafood and fish.

On Sundays, near the Port, there is the local flea market of Piraeus, that offers mostly clothes, tools, vintage items and antiques. The flea market concentrates around the train tracks and to Alipedou Street. On days when there is no market, in the streets of Piraeus behind the port, you will find many interesting and cheap stores.

From the Port of Piraeus you can leave on a day cruise, to one of the close islands to Athens and to any Greek island. The island of Aegina is pleasant and only a short boat ride away. Longer sailing will get you to one of the most picturesque islands of Greece - Hydra.




#Tips

From the Port of Piraeus many cruises leave towards the Greek Islands, including close islands, Aegina and Hydra, but also further islands, like Paros, Naxos, Santorini, Ios, Mykonos, Lesvos, Crete and more.



A Closer Look at the Port of Piraeus:

https://youtu.be/RmVgIvVerDA
Athens Central Market
#About Athens' Farmer's Market

Busy, colorful and full of life, smells and sounds, the Athens Central Market (Varvakios Market) is located in the Agora deep in the city, next to Athens' Town Hall. This is the central and biggest market in Athens, and you can easily spend many hours here.

The Central Market, also called Agora, is a fascinating and wonderful market where you can spend a full day. This is mainly a food market that includes meats, fish, seafood, vegetables and fruits.

It lies inside a big metal building from the 19th century, and around are smaller branches of the market that offer different food products. For example, there is the Spice Market on Evripidou Street, parallel to the Vegetable Market. Don't miss the olive stores, the endless varieties of olive oil and Greek cheeses around the market.

If you look closely, you will also find clothes and shoes, even gadgets and cheap electronics. Around the market are many tavernas, and in the evenings the entire area opens up with restaurants that are lively and busy.

#Tips

Come to the market with closed toed shoes - the floor can be wet and slippery, especially near the areas of the fish and meats.



#Tour Around the Main Market of the Greek Capital of Greece:

https://youtu.be/V9Q-iJOI9jg
Parthenon
#About the Perfectly Preserved Temple, and the Symbol of Athens

The symbol of the Acropolis in Athens, and the most famous building here, is without a doubt the Parthenon, located right in the middle of the Acropolis.

The Parthenon is the main ruins of ancient Athens. This is a temple built in the 5th century BC, as a tribute to the goddess Athena. In building the temple, the citizens of Athens thanked the goddess Athena, the patron of Athens, for helping them win the war against the Persians. The Parthenon was built right in the place where before stood a more ancient temple that the Persians destroyed during the war.

Like many ancient buildings around the world, and like many pieces of art throughout history, the Parthenon is built in the proportions of the "golden ratio," according to the rules of aesthetics that crossed periods, known as "divine proportion."

Besides the Parthenon, the Acropolis in Athens has many other ruins of former buildings, like the Temple of Athena and the Erechtheion. There are two theaters and a variety of statues from ancient times.




#Parthenon Architecture

If the Parthenon has any outstanding features, it is its incredible design and stance. The temple was built between the years 447 AD - 438 AD at the highest point on the Acropolis. All the white marble for the Parthenon was brought from the mountains of Penteli, near Athens.

It was built in the Dori style, as you can see by the special crowning on its columns. The Parthenon is built of 8 horizontal Dorian columns, and 17 vertical columns. The Dori style represents the most fascinating architecture to survive to this day, and this is without a doubt the best Dori building in the world.

In ancient times, the Parthenon consisted of two rooms. The first was "The Virgin Room," which is also the meaning of the word Parthenon. The second, "The Treasure Room," a place where the treasures where held collected as taxes by Athens. At the center of the temple was a statue of Athena, created by the famous sculptor Phidias, a big name in the sculpting world at the time, it is the same man who sculpted the statue of Zeus in Olympia, a statue that was one of the Seven Wonders of the World. This was a large statue, made of wood and covered with ivory and gold.

The perfect proportions of the Parthenon, and the great placement of the columns, as well as its height on the Acropolis, are what make this site a must-visit while in Athens.




#History of the Parthenon

The Parthenon was built in the 5th century BC, as a token of gratitude for the goddess Athens, and a temple for her. In building the temple, the citizens of Athens thanked the goddess Athena, the patron of Athens, for helping them win the war against the Persians. The Parthenon was built right in the place where before stood a more ancient temple that the Persians destroyed during the war.

To be precise, the building of the Parthenon began in 447 BC, and was finalized 9 years later, in 438 BC.

During the years, the Parthenon was used in consideration with the changing tides of history in Athens. In certain periods it was also a church, a mosque, and even an ammunition warehouse.

Throughout the years, though the building has survived, it was damaged quite a bit. It happened mainly when it was bombed, at the time of the Venetian siege over Athens, in 1687. The Parthenon was also completely destroyed, but partially remained.



#Tips

If you arrive in the area around 6:00 pm, you will feel the relief as most of the tourist crowd begins to disappear. The Parthenon is also light with special lighting at this time.



Here is the Parthenon and Findings from Inside:

https://youtu.be/G1D5hbxa8CM


How the Parthenon Looked in Ancient Times:

https://youtu.be/aGitmYl6U90
Tomb of The Unknown Soldier
#About the Monument for the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier and the Changing of the Guard in Athens

The Tomb of The Unknown Soldier, in Syntagma Square, is located in front of the Greece House of Parliament, the Hellenic Parliament, and nicknamed 'Vouli.' This is a monument for the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier that is guarded by the Greek Presidential Guard 24 hours a day.

Like many monuments around the world with the same name, the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier built here is to commemorate fallen soldiers in different wars whose bodies were never identified. Like in many of these tombs around the world, in Athens as well, this place is used to hold state memorial ceremonies.

Trying getting here exactly at the beginning of each hour, to the front of the Parliament building, to see the guard, called "Evzones," and changing shifts to the tunes of the marching band. Children really love this, and adults find the ceremony interesting, the soldiers are also in traditions skirts and shoes with pompoms on them, different from any other military uniform in the world.

It is also interesting to see the parade, strict with its steps, of the soldiers. In traditional ceremonial marching, rarely seen, the soldiers swing their legs high and bring them down with a loud thump.

If you can get here on Sundays or national holidays, at 11:00 am you will see the guards change to a unit of the elite unit of infantry soldiers of the Greek army, when the music is played by an army band, it adds a festive feeling to the ceremony, that is conducted by no less than 120 soldiers.



Changing of the Guard Ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ea4rhvEZFp4
Acropolis
#About the Acropolis Above the City

You are in one of the most impressive and famous sites in the world, and without a doubt one of the more exciting remains left from the ancient world - the Acropolis. Here, standing tall above the city is a complex for 2,500 years old, full of glory and splendor of the ancient temples.

The name Acropolis means in Greek the Upper City. This is a reinforced hilled that was common in ancient Greece at the time. Actually, the Acropolis was originally used as residential areas for the residents of Athens. Its height and steep cliffs made the Acropolis into a perfect fortress, and protected the citizens against invaders. On the hills the kings would built their castles, and around them lived the commoners. Only when Athens' population grew, slowly people started moving to the foothills of the Acropolis, slowly making it the new religious center of the city. So at the Acropolis, more temples were built for the city.

This is exactly the area you are looking at now - a collection of temples and royal buildings from ancient Athens, where part of the buildings were built during the Roman period, like the library of of Emperor Hadrianus, that was built on the northern side of the Acropolis, in 132 BC

The meaning of the word Acropolis in Greek is - Above the city. See in Guidol's photos, how much the Acropolis of Athens really exemplifies these words.



#Tips

The entrance ticket into the Acropolis, beyond entrance into all the sites at the location, also a few other sites in the area, like the Ancient Agora, the Museum of Archeology of Kerameikos, and more.

Entrance is free on the first Sunday of each month. During tourist season (July-September), entrance is actually free on the second Sunday of each month. Additionally, between November 1st and March 31st, the entrance is free on every Sunday of the month.

Especially during the sunset, and 159 meters above sea level, the Acropolis is a great view point for the city of Athens, that will be laid out right in front of you.




A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/yXAI1-zSYbs
Arch of Hadrian
#About the Gate that was Built for the Visit of the Roman Emperor in Athens

The Arch of Hadrian is a victory gate that was built in the 2nd century, for the honor of the Roman Emperor Hadrian. The gate was built before the visit of Hadrian in the city around the year 132 BC.

The location of the gate is in walking distance of Syntagma Square, which makes it a central place in the modern city of Athens. In Roman Greece, it was built on the ancient road that connects between the ancient city center, with the Ancient Agora of the Acropolis, and the Olympieion, and the south-east side of the city.



#The Gate's Architecture

The height of the Arch of Hadrian is 18 meters, 12.5 meters wide, and 2.3 meters in depth.

It is interesting that the gate was not a part of a wall around the city, but a gate and arch on its own, along the road. During the Turkish Ottoman rule in the 18th century, the Turks combined the gate with a protective wall for self-protection that they built, against a possible Albanian invasion.

At the top of the arch, Corinthian columns were added to the sides of the walls.



#Writings on the Gate

Two carvings are on the back of the arch. On the west side is written, "This is Athens, the old city of Theseus," and on the east side it says "This city is of Hadrian and not Theseus."

The writings show that the arch was built it seems on the dividing line of Ancient Athens, to the west of the new city of Hadrianoupolis, and on the East side, Theseus.

Some see these carvings as a sort of declaration, of Hadrian, as the hero of the new Athens, and the one who replaced Theseus.



A Closer Look at the Arch of Hadrian:

https://youtu.be/pd-TUgUzzyw
Ermou
#About the Famous Shopping Street of Athens

From Syntagma Square to Monastiraki Square, Ermou Street is the main shopping street in Athens. Here, facing a magnificent view of ancient mountains, monuments and temples, is Athens' main shopping street in Greece.

Here are all the international brands, such as Barshka, E-Spirit, Zara, H&M, Mango and Marks & Spencer, along with hundreds of well-known local shops of Greek products and brands. Here you can buy everything. From fashion and souvenirs to luxury goods and electronics, sweets, spices and more.

But Ermou Street is not only the famous shopping street in Athens, but also the most interesting in town. The combination of a mix of international and local brands, along with a lively and illustrated pedestrian mall, right in the center of Athens, with street performances by local and foreign artists and many beautiful young people full of joy, is a winning combination.

And if you can not find enough in Ermou, at the end of the street you will find other places to shop, including large shopping centers and department stores.


A Visit:

https://youtu.be/D62HYUqWCTo


Another View:

https://youtu.be/1IILoOcsLNw
Plaka
#About the Ancient Neighborhood in Athens, that Come to Life at Night

Picturesque, ancient, and very entertaining, the Plaka is the most ancient and famous neighborhood in Athens. It lies in the northeastern foothills of the Acropolis, and it is incredible that this neighborhood has been inhabited continuously for 5,000 years.

In our day, Plaka is considered the ancient part of Athens. It is located in the most central area of the city, and is considered one of the most famous tourist attractions Athens has to offer. Wandering in the neighborhood with the nickname "old Athens," is a must-see for any thorough tourists, and a visit to the past.

Plaka was born from an ancient neighborhood that was here in ancient times, and built on the foothills of the Acropolis. During the last century, it has gone downhill and become a neglected, poor, and failing area. Only its tavernas and its location under the Acropolis kept its status as a tourist destination. Tourists come here to wander around, eat and drink, and mainly spend the evening hours.

In the way of poor neighborhoods, that suddenly surprise and return with full force, the Plaka in Athens is also slowly evolving as a place vibrant with life, fashionable, and a wanted location by youths. Young people came for the cheaper living quarters, and changed the buildings' exteriors. Many houses were renovated in the past decades, and to the famous tavernas, many souvenir shops have opened up, and currently, it is a lively spot in the evenings and at night.

Many tourists come here to wander around, do some street shopping, sit at a cafe in the district and at the busy tavernas. Most of the streets in the district are meant for pedestrian traffic, and in the square are usually live performances to enjoy.



#About the Plaka's Architecture

The Plaka neighborhood is divided by the main road, Andrianou Street. From both sides, spread across the entire neighborhood, are Upper Plaka (Ano Plaka), and Lower Plaka (Kato Plaka).

The Plaka neighborhood is a type of village within the city. Inside the maze of narrow alleyways, you can see beautiful buildings on both sides of the street, designed in the neo-classical style, many of the houses have red tiled roofs, and picturesque terraces full with growing flower pots.

One next to the other, the houses here are well tended, next to the ancient ruins and ancient archeological remains of ancient Greece.

The Greek style is also wonderful, and comes to life here. The special character here is set by the colored tables of the tavernas in the neighborhood, white and blue for the Greek flag, the blooming geraniums and bougainvillea, the yellow ancient stones, and colorful garlands that are turned on at night.




#History of the Plaka

Plaka was built right over the Ancient Agora that was once here during the days of ancient Greece, on the foothill of the Acropolis. Under the Ottoman Empire, the Plaka neighborhood became a Turkish quarter, and even the Turkish governor resided here.

During the Greek independence war, many residents abandoned the Plaka, and returned only once a new Greek state was declared, under the King Otto.

At the end of the 19th century, many Albanians settled in the neighborhood, that were part of the community, which the new neighborhood's name was named after - the Arvanite Quarter.

In 1884, a fire burned many of the houses in Plaka, which started digs in the areas, and led to fascinating archeological discoveries, with ancient Roman buildings being discovered from ancient Athens.

In the 1960's, a Greek musical culture developed in the neighborhood, and in the 1970's, it became a center for bars and wild night clubs.

Today, the Plaka returns to its place as a tourist destination, that combines youths, adults, and the elderly, tavernas and cafes with middle working class customers. From almost any point here the Acropolis is visible, what in the past gave Plaka a nickname, "neighborhood of the gods."




A Closer Look at the Plaka in Athens while Wandering in the Daytime:

https://youtu.be/dXj9pDpHT10


Pictures from this Beautiful and Old Neighborhood:

https://youtu.be/YzUW9N3_gJ8


Wonderful Restaurants and Nighttime Entertainment in Plaka:

https://youtu.be/cza8DiZRygk
National Archaeological Museum
#About the National Archeological Museum

The National Archaeological Museum of Greece is located in Athens, and is without a doubt among the most important archeological museums in Greece. If you have the time or the patience for just one museum while you are in Athens, we recommend the National Archaeological Museum.

The museum was opened in 1874 and is located in a very impressive building, built for the museum. Inside are a variety of ancient Greek treasures, through its different periods, more varied than any other museum in the world.

Here, for example, are rare accessories from the island of Santorini, ivory and bronze statues, as well as frescoes from the 16th century, the 'Mask of Agamemnon,' molding from gold, and other creations from the Island of Mykonos, display items from the Mycenaean period, and ancient items from the Island of Delos, and more.


#Tips

For those 18 years or younger, entrance is free.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/kmsC6-zjyas


Propylaea
#About the Acropolis's Gate Structure

The Propylaea is a monumental gate located next to the Athena Nike Temple in the Athens Acropolis. The Propylaea was built in the 5th century BC as the entrance gate to the Acropolis, and actually begins the splendor and decorations of the sacred domain of the concentration of temples in the Acropolis.

The fully decorated Propylaea takes care of the height differences at the entrance to the Acropolis, and impresses those entering through. It is interesting that the gate was never fully built. In the 17th century, it was actually badly damaged by canon fire, and still managed to maintain its impression.

Notice on the left side, before the entrance, the Monument of Marcus Agrippa. He was the deputy, partner in power and the beloved son-in-law of Emperor Augustus. Up until his untimely death, Marcus Agrippa was the successor for Emperor Augustus, and even married his shrewd daughter, Julia. History tells that the known Marcus Agrippa was loved by the commoners, however, the Roman nobility disliked and were jealous of him, he himself ordered this monument to be erected, as if the people of Athens adored him and erected this statue for him.


#Architecture of the Propylaea

The Acropolis's Propylaea reminds of a facade of a church with 6 columns. The distance between the main columns is large because the planners thought of carriages that would go through with sacrifices.

The assumption is that the Propylaea was built over an earlier entrance, whose structure or size is unknown.

Most of the columns in the Propylaea are in the Dori style. Only the middle columns, the taller ones, are Greek-styled columns. There is an explanation that they were built in this style, so as not to look to messy.


#What is Propylaea?

The Propylaea is a monumental gate structure that was used in ancient times, both in Greek architecture and in the Roman construction that was based on it. Simply put, this is a gate structure with columns.

The meaning of the name Propylaea is in the combination of pro - meaning "before" and "pylaea" which means "columns." This combination was first given to this Propylaea, the entrance gate of the Acropolis in Athens, the one you see here.

Later, the term was used in other places, since its meaning is simply the "gate." Indeed, the Propylaea buildings were erected in antiquity in many places. Among them were profiles in ancient sites such as Mycenae and Baalbek.

Interestingly, modern architecture continued to use the principle of the Propylaea of the Acropolis in Athens. The Brandenburg Gate, perhaps the most well-known building of Berlin, is a Propylaea structure based on the historical structure here.





A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/fyy0UmvnIxo
Temple of Apteros Nike
#About the Most Ancient Temple in the Acropolis

The Temple of Athena Nike (also called Temple of Apteros Nike), is a Greek temple, considerably small, and beautiful, and located on a small cliff on the Acropolis.

It was dedicated to the goddess Athena, and built to ensure the victory of Athena, and so victory would not escape her. In the imagery-filled Greek language, that translates to "wing-less victory." The Temple of Athena Nike was built in 424 BC and considered the oldest temple on the Acropolis.

Many of the statues and plaques from the temple were moved to the New Acropolis Museum, located at the bottom of the hill.



#Nike Temple Architecture

From 424 BC, the Temple of Athena Nike stood here, on the fortifications that protected the entrance to the inner temple. The temple has a terrace with 4 columns on each side, on the front and the back of the building, while on the sides of the building are two walls.

This is a temple with 4 columns at the front, and 4 in the back, as referred to in ancient Greece, "tetrastyle amphiprostyle." The pediments are in the Greek style, and the pediments on the extreme columns are longer than the rest, to blur the lines between the different shapes.

The temple is known mainly for its plaques on its railings, "Nike railing." Most of the plaques today have been moved to the New Acropolis Museum, located at the foothills of the mountain.




#The Tragic Story of Aegeus

In the Temple Athena Nike, one of the main Greek tragedies occurred. According to the myth of Aegeus, here the king waited to see if his son, Theseus, returns victorious from the war with the Minotaur in Crete.

Theseus left to kill the Minotaur, after he was informed that Minos taxes Athens, by taking a sacrifice once every 9 years, 7 boys and 7 girls, to sacrifice to the horrible creator in his palace. Instead of fighting Minos, with his strong army, Theseus went to kill the Minotaur himself.

Theseus, who succeeded in his mission, escaped Crete together with Ariadne, his love, and returned to Athens by sailing. For his happiness in his victory, he forgot his promise to his father, that if he kills the Minotaur, he will signal so from afar by spreading open white sails over his returning boats. The boats were left with their black sails.

Picture Aegeus, standing here, on the Acropolis, worriedly waiting for his son's return. When he saw the black sails on his son's boats, Aegeus assumed that his son Theseus had died. He then committed suicide and jumped into the ocean, ever since then, the body of water was named after him, the Aegean Sea. Only when Theseus returned to the city, did he understand the impact of his mistake, and was very saddened.




A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/fP5lbjC31vk



The Temple's Model:

https://youtu.be/nMun9YM83PA
Monastiraki
#About the Flea Market of Athens

The flea market of Monastiraki is the most well-known flea market of Athens. It operates on Sundays since 1910 in Avissinias Square in the center of Monastiraki. Once this was the center of Ottoman Athens, and today is the area of the flea market.

Here you can try and hunt for antiques and finds. Many items and clothes are here on stalls along the sidewalks. Likewise, you can find here almost anything imaginable - antiques, jewelry, clothes, kitchen utensils, presents, vinyl records, old books, souvenirs, and more.

The ruins that can be found here can surprise even educated enthusiasts. From surprising souvenirs from World War II, and old watches, vintage items and design, old style toys and weapons, some are real antiques and some fake.

What is nice here is that it is not visited only by tourists. Also the locals of Athens love to shop in this flea market, located at the edge of the Plaka area, at the foot of the Acropolis.

In the streets of the flea market of Athens there are many tavernas, shops, restaurants and cafes.



#Tips

Though it is open all week long, the market is especially popular on Sunday.

The entrance to the market is from Ermou Street, or Ifaistou Street, and it spreads along Ermou and Pandrossou Streets.

It is permitted and even encouraged to bargain with the vendors.

Beware of pickpockets around this market.

Don't touch the archeology - it is either fake or take out of Greece illegally.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/oIhyhUKhqMw


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.