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Mercado de La Boqueria
Mercado de La Boqueria
#About Barcelona's Amazing Food Market

This market is a name in all of Europe and one of the most pleasant and varied food markets in the world. One of the most colorful spots in Barcelona is the Mercado de La Boqueria. Foods, colors, spices, fruits, vegetables, drinks, shakes and sweets - all you can find here. The market is out of Rambla Avenue and has been here for centuries. The La Boqueria is covered and its ceiling is inspired. After a five-minute walk from the entrance to the market you can see the artwork of Joan Miró that is also there.

In the past, there was a monastery called St. Joseph. Back in the 12th century, the market began as a meeting place for butchers, who sold pigs near the monastery. Only in the 19th century did the place begin to receive its status as a market where Barcelona's farmers and fishermen concentrated. In those years, the monastery was also destroyed by a popular anarchist disturbance.

If we are used to thinking of a market as a crowded, noisy, not very clean and messy place, La Boqueria Market represents the opposite - a clean and orderly market that conducts a cooking seminar and a gastronomic school.

However, the magic of the regular market is kept here. The smell of food, the crowded stalls, the abundance of products and the bustle of merchants. Here you will find tempting fruit stalls offering ready dishes of cut and washed fruits, freshly squeezed fruit juices in colored glasses, candy stands, dried fruits, fish and seafood, coffee, chocolate, wines and more. You can also see here slightly less aesthetic stalls, some with heads and legs of a pig, hanging game meat, worms for cooking, insects for eating and more.

In the market La Boqueria there are places where you can sit and have lunch, with many flavors and a variety of kitchens and cooking styles. This market has won many awards and has already been picked more than once as the best food market around the world. What do you say? Should we go tasting?
Poble Espanyol
Poble Espanyol
#About the Spanish Village with Replicas of Life-Size Buildings of All Styles in Spain

The Poble Espanyol is a pseudo-Spanish village built in 1929 in favor of the World Fair held in Barcelona. Because it gained momentum and became particularly popular, it remained after the exhibition and was even renovated. Today it is a museum of Spanish art and construction. The village is located on the Montjuic Hill, "Mount of the Jews." On the walls of buildings in the village you can see maps that will help you to orient yourself.

In the village itself, you can see 117 buildings, streets and life-size squares designed in a Spanish style. The aim was to accurately imitate the buildings built in different regions of Spain, each area, the building materials and its characteristic styles. It is a sample of diverse Spanish architecture, in its various regions.

In the village you will also see shops and cafes, restaurants and souvenir stalls. In the evening, pubs and clubs open where you can grab a cold beer, or just listen to an orchestra that plays for travelers.

In the workshops scattered in the village, you can sometimes see the craftsmen working in carving, interlacing, carpentry and more. In their artists' workshops and studios, you will see impressive handicrafts and works of art. One of the most impressive buildings in the village, worth seeing, is Utebo from the Saragossa area, but equally interesting are buildings from areas such as Segovia, Seville, Madrid, Barcelona and more.

For those interested in learning Spanish folk art, it is worth visiting the Museo de Artes Populares, which overlooks the Plaza Mayor.


#The Village for Tourists

Poble Espanyol is a fictional Spanish village and one of Barcelona's unique attractions. Poble Espanyol is an authentic village surrounded by a wall, located on a hill overlooking all of Barcelona. The village was designed for the 1929 World Exposition and has since become one of the most popular attractions in the area. 80 years later, it is still a wonderful place to soak up a varied atmosphere of art, architecture, culture and food - all of the same day.

Architecture lovers will enjoy exploring the various Spanish areas with interesting architectural features. Are you on a family trip? - If you purchase a secret guide to the village, you will be able to spend a very enjoyable day in the village, where you can discover interesting places in the village and experience lots of fun activities.

The village is also known for its many artists who display their handicrafts. You can go in and watch them while working in their workshops. In the shops you will find quite a few pieces of art that you can purchase, as well as walk around the restaurants and cafes and taste the unique delicacies and desserts sold there. The whole family will enjoy here and the village is definitely worth a visit!



#Story of Establishing the Village

Welcome to Poble Espanyol, the Spanish village at the top of Montjuic Hill. This little village is just like an oasis in the heart of Barcelona. When you enter, you will feel how you are passing through a modern urban landscape into a unique, authentic and historic village. In the village you will be exposed to the architecture, culture, lifestyle and art from the different regions of Spain, which blend together in harmony and give a sense of a real town. If you want to learn about Spain all in one time, this is the perfect place to do it.

The imaginary village was originally built for the 1929 World Exposition, with the idea behind the initiative being to give visitors a simple, experiential and unique overview of the diverse ways of life in the various regions of Spain.

The village was planned by two well-known Spanish architects, two artists. In order to achieve the overall view of the village, the architects traveled all over the country, from the Andalusia region in the south to Asturias in the north, in order to collect the materials they needed. Altogether, the two passed through more than 1,600 cities and villages to collect hundreds of photographs, notes and drawings that helped them choose the most suitable elements for planning and creating the virtual village. The village has over 100 traditional Spanish buildings.

The original plan was to build the village as a temporary installation and destroy it at the end of the exhibition. But the village had become such a thrilling success among the tourists that the authorities decided to leave it.

During the Civil War of Spain, in 1930, the village ceased to receive visitors due to the harsh reality experienced by the inhabitants of Spain. At the same time, the village served as the burial center of the area. After the war, the village was renovated and reopened to the public. In 1988, during the preparations for the 1992 Olympics, the village also placed an emphasis on art and culture, which brought it to what it looks like today.



A Closer Look at the Village:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jEOa4EpXKT4
Gothic Quarter
Gothic Quarter
#About the Historic and Most Beautiful Quarter of Barcelona

The Gothic Quarter (Barri Gotic), which is one of the most beautiful and pleasant centers in the old city of Barcelona, ​​began around the 14th and 15th centuries. Since it was built on a town called Brasino, when you walk around the quarter you will encounter its historical ruins. This town, which provided Barcelona with its name, actually symbolized the beginning of Barcelona. Take a look in the quarter for the remains from the Roman wall that stood here at the time.

In the years that followed, until the expulsion from Spain, the quarter became the center of life for Jews who were statesmen, doctors and scientists. It is highly recommended to explore the area where the kall was located - the ancient Jewish Quarter. Other remains from the Jewish period can be seen in the "Major" synagogue. The Gothic Quarter attracts not only lovers of architecture, but also lovers of art, because there are many statues, special signs and beautiful mosaics.

In this quarter you will find narrow, dark alleyways paved with stone. There are quite a few Gothic buildings, palaces and churches. The character of the quarter is influenced by various artists and artists who have painted its landscapes and streets over the years, including famous names such as Picasso and Juan Miro. The old squares, markets, clothing stores and art galleries, combined with street artists, musicians and clowns, provide a picturesque atmosphere that makes it a must-see destination in Barcelona.

The district has several places worth visiting. Among them we recommend entering the Gothic Cathedral and its special courtyard, the Church of Santa Maria del Mar, the Picasso Museum, the University of Barcelona and the Ancient Synagogue. Enjoy!


#Shopping in the District

The Gothic Quarter is one of the best shopping areas of Barcelona. Alongside the chain stores, there are also quite a few designer stores.

At Saint James's Square (Plaça Sant Jaume) in the center of the quarter, opposite the Cathedral of St. Eulalia, you will find Barcelona's urban market. On weekends, from noon, the Sardana, the famous Catalan dance, is danced there.


A Closer Look at the Quarter:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MT8Ea7pE5WM
La Rambla
La Rambla
#About the Central Avenue of Barcelona

La Rambla is a central avenue in Barcelona, it is a kilometer long tourist destination. Along the avenue, a few additional points are worth a visit, like the Mercado de La Boqueria Market. There are many vendors, some bother the tourists, beggars and other interesting people. The avenue is well taken care of, and you will find many stores and restaurants.

The origin of the name, is a version of the word Ramel, meaning 'sand' in Arabic. This avenue sat on dried stream lanes.

Today the avenue includes hotels, signs, statues, street performances and talented acts, historical buildings like the theater building, the first clock of Barcelona, and the ancient University building. Among everything else, you can see here colorful mosaics at the entrance to the market. The artist Joan Mirò created it in 1976, and it marks the point of entry to the Gothic Quarter.

At the end of the avenue, you can see the statue in memory of Columbus, known as the Columbus Monument (Monument a Colom), the Wax Museum, the Opera House, and other interesting buildings.

Before soccer games between the Barcelona team and other European cities, you can see hundreds of excited fans here, walking, yelling, and singing loudly. This is one of the lively streets where you can find many tourists, wandering and looking through the different tourist points. Sometimes on weekends there are artist markets here, attracting thousands of visitors, the market sells all sorts of hand made art. On these busy days, pay close attention to your bags, there are very good pickpocketers here.




A Closer Look at La Rambla:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fu4fHfpf2LQ

Must See in Barcelona

Catedral de Santa Eulalia
Cathedral of Barcelona
#About the Impressive Gothic Cathedral of Barcelona

The Cathedral of Barcelona, Cathedral of Saint Eulalia, is a large and impressive building, whose turrets are tall and decorated with decorations fitting the Gothic style of the 13th and 14th centuries. Around the cathedral is a protective thick and tall wall.

In the cathedral sits the Archbishop of the city. An Archbishop is an administrative title in Christianity, given to a bishop that stands at the head of provincial churches of a certain area. It was the third cathedral to be built in this place. Before it, two other ancient churches stood here, and before that the area was a pagan cult dedicated entirely to the Roman gods.

Today, many believers of all ages come to the cathedral. They drift to its size and power. The Catalan people and the religious residents of Barcelona, are still conducting religious ceremonies to this day.

On Sunday afternoons, you can come here and see the locals dancing the Sardana in the square before the cathedral - the traditional Catalonian dance. After visitors light a candle in the cathedral, they pray and take part in mass, then they will organize in big circles and dance the favorite dance.


#Architecture of the Cathedral

The cathedral is built in the Gothic style, a style that erupted around Europe in the Middle Ages. The prominent characteristics of the Gothic building are without a doubt the height of the cathedral, the sharp arches, the rounded twists and large windows. Inside the gloomy cathedral the vast wealth invested in the building can be felt. The columns inside reach 26 meters.

The cathedral is built of 28 chapels. The natural light floods the face of the cathedral

Under the cathedral floor are buried people, they can be identified according to symbols engraved on the floors. Notice the drawings of the baking plate with two rolls - the family symbol of a family of bakers buried here. In places where you will see the symbol of skulls, are likely buried here bodies of people who died from the plague that hit the city in 1348.

Even though it is ancient and has stood here for many years, the neo-Gothic exterior of the Cathedral was only created in the 19th century. During the first decade of the 21st century, it also went through another round of renovations. The scaffolding that accompanied the renovation, many steel pipes that helped support the building during the renovation, were removed only in 2012.



#Who Was Eulalia from Barcelona?

You were probably wondering about the meaning of the cathedral. The cathedral is dedicated to a saint that protects the city - the Eulalia from Barcelona. She lived during the Roman period, until she fell into Roman hands in 476. At the age of 13, Eulalia was an avid Christian believer. Even though the Emperor gave specific orders to leave the Christian faith in the Roman Empire, Eulalia refused, and she was given the death sentence. Roman soldiers stripped the girl naked and let her stand in the city square.

The Christian belief says that at this point snow started falling, and it covered the naked saint. The Roman soldiers were furious with anger and put her inside a barrel, that had knives sticking inside. They rolled the barrel down the street, hung her up on a cross, and finally, cut off her head. After her head was cut off, the terrible legend says, a dove flew from her neck to the sky.

In 1339 the body of Eulalia was moved to a gravesite inside the cathedral, in the ancient district of Barcelona. Eulalia, a young Christian lady, is remembered in the Barcelona streets, with statues of her around the city. Each year, on February 12, it is traditional to celebrate Eulalia's holiday.



#Entertainment

Come here on Sundays to see the Catalonians dancing the Sardana at the square in front of the cathedral. Starting at 12:00 pm on Saturdays and Sundays.



#Tips

The Christmas Market - each year it is set up in front of the cathedral, before Christmas, and visitors can experience the traditional Christmas, with hundreds of stalls, and a peek into the Christmas atmosphere.


Catalonians Dancing the Sardana Outside the Church:

https://youtu.be/slnGYnt4sXY
Passeig de Grcia
Passeig de Gràcia
#About the Prestigious Avenue of Barcelona

This prestigious avenue, also one of the main avenues and the prettiest in Barcelona, in the past was surrounded by gardens that connected ancient Barcelona to the village of Garcia. In 1821, the local authority proposed the urbanization plan, and in 1824 the avenue was widened to 42 meters and was used as a preferred place for aristocrats, to demonstrate their riding skills and show their chariots.

In 1906 decorations of benches and lamps were added. During these years the avenue already began being a popular fashionable place. Today the avenue is one of the most popular shopping areas in Barcelona. There are many crowds and tourists here.

The boulevard itself is very well maintained and invested. The shop windows of the luxury stores attract the eye. This is one of the most prestigious boulevards because it is full of prestigious fashion stores (Chanel, Dolce & Gabbana, etc.). Alongside them are also more popular stores, such as Mango, Zara, Nike, and others. But the boulevard is not just for clothing buyers, because there are also home decor stores, bookstores and toys, cafes, restaurants and tapas bars.

On the avenue are some important architectural points, built in the style of "Modernism" (the style most identified with Barcelona). Especially note the Casa Mila (designed by Antoni Gaudi), the Casa Batlló, the Palau Robert (today the Catalan Tourist Office) and the Maribaba, where the Gaudí, Montaner, and Pocch buildings are located.



#History of the Avenue

One of the leading commercial areas and shopping centers in Barcelona. This is the Passeig de Gràcia, the Champs-Élysées you could say, of Barcelona.

In real estate terms, this is the most expensive avenue in Barcelona and Spain in general. There are a few architectural popular sites - Casa Milà, Casa Batlló, the fighting center, and more. These are also buildings that turned the avenue into the prestigious destinations in the city.

The prior name of the avenue was Camí de Jesús, meaning in Spanish "old road." At the start of the 19th century, and especially in 1827, it became the central location for the aristocracy to show their riding skills and their fancy carriages- which lasted for the entire 19th century.

In 1906 decorated benches were added with lamps. It was already thought of as fashionable back then so that many famous architects designed buildings along the road.



#What is on the Avenue?

We will now look at three houses next to one another, that are very impressive, that were built by three known Modernist architects.

The first, of course, is the architect Antoni Gaudi, who planned Casa Batlló, the third house on the right. The house was already built, and Gaudi only renovated. The person who commissioned the work was a rich businessman called Joseph Batlló. Notice the motifs return in all of Gaudi's buildings. These are the bright colors on the building and roof, the use of mosaics, and the combination of the neo-Gothic symbols resembling bones and skeletons. This is the reason many of Barcelona's residents call this building the House of Bones (Casa dels Ossos).

Can't see it? Try looking closely at the balconies.

In the middle of the three houses, you will see the wonderful Modernist building Casa Lleo Morera, with its round balconies and its columns. The architect who planned the wonderful building was Lluís Domènech i Montaner, another known Modernist architect. He is also known as the one who planned the magnificent Palau de la Musica Catalana of Barcelona, with musical decorations and a glass done with mosaics. Another known building he planned was the Saint Pau Hospital, of the most beautiful in the world. Other buildings by Montaner in Barcelona are the neo-Gothic Casa Quadras, a building whose entire exterior is decorated with statues and relics, and the Casa de les Punxes with the 6 pointed turrets and white facade, surrounded with decorated columns.

The architect Josep Puig I Cadafalch is the third who added to the last part of the buildings in Passeig de Gràcia. Its stylish design is replicated in all the buildings he designed. The flamboyant Casa Amatller has a decorated atrium with columns and a decorated entrance.




#What is the Modernism Style

The Modernism Style is actually a version of the Catalonian architectural style and the plastic art called in French Art Nouveau. It is characterized by a strong inspiration from nature, a strong emphasis on bright colors, natural lines and round edges, on simple and local materials. The most famous Modernist architect was Gaudi, and the style is really characterized by him. He used the points of this style, and used the motifs, like round walls, that remind of waves, and staying away from flat surfaces. He was not the only one who designed in this style, there were other architects in Barcelona, like Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Lluís Domènech i Montaner.


#Tips

Among luxury stores on the largest shopping avenue in the city, notice the large international clothing chains and the wonderful design stores, from household items to furniture.
Palau Gell
Güell Palace
#About the Building

One of the pretty and impressive buildings by Gaudi in Barcelona is the Güell Palace (Palau Güell), the residential house of the Güell family. It is located in the La Rambla neighborhood, right near the Ramblas Avenue. There is a reason the rich industrial tycoon Eusebi Güell hired the services of the talented Gaudi. Güell was impressed by Gaudi's previous works and wanted some of the magic for himself. There is no doubt that this creation was important in turning Gaudi into an architectural icon. Thanks to the beauty, the Güell Palace was announced as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Except for summer days when the family was gone for vacations, the Güell family lived in this house from 1890 until 1936. In 1914 the father of the family moved to a village, that has since become the famous Güell Park.

Even though during this time the artist was inexperienced, Gaudi was given an endless budget to build the house. He himself built and designed all aspects of the building. Many motifs that characterize Gaudi come alive here: neo-Gothic symbols, animal symbols, and many (original) arches, and reminders of ancient Catalonians symbols. Here Gaudi also used his typical natural building elements, like marble and wood, that throughout his lifetime he developed in different pieces.

In the building, Gaudi also planned a special entrance for the family's carriages. The entrance was large enough for a carriage to even turn around and drop off guests. In the receiving room, there are peeking holes, where the house's residents can peek to see who came to visit them, without being seen. In the ceiling of the dining room, small windows were places to give the feeling of a sky full of stars. This was thanks to lanterns that were lit during the evening hours above the windows.



#What is the Modernism Style?

Modernist style is actually the Catalan version of the style of architecture and plastic art called in French "Art Nouveau." It is characterized by strong vegetation inspiration, an emphasis on colorfulness, natural and rounded lines, and simple and local materials. The most famous Modernist architect is Gaudi, whose style is identified with him. He used style principles over and over again and used motifs like curved walls reminiscent of waves and almost constant avoidance of straight surfaces. He was not the only one to design in the modernist style - there were other architects who starred in this style in Barcelona, ​​such as Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Lluís Domènech i Montaner.
Picasso Museum Barcelona
Picasso Museum
#About the Museum Devoted to the Great Artist

The famous painter Pablo Picasso was born and raised in Malaga, but between 1895 and 1904 he lived in Barcelona, ​​and the truth was that these were the most prominent and important years when he created and studied art. Thanks to his connection and great love for the city, he decided to donate many of his works to the museum. After he died, Jacqueline, Picasso's widow, added many more works for the museum.

The museum was founded in 1963 and contains more than 3,500 works by Picasso from different periods. Most of them are from less known periods, especially from the time when he was a young artist at the beginning of his career and during his studies. Among the exhibits are paintings, illustrations, drawings, carvings, ceramics and more. The museum exhibit is built in chronological order, according to the cities where Picasso created his works.

Famous and recommended paintings for viewing in the museum are, for example, "The Whores of Chapel Street," "The Clown," "The Can-Can Dancers" and "Man in a Beret."

Beyond the permanent exhibition, there is also a changing exhibition that presents works by various artists, not necessarily Picasso.

During the museum's renovations, an amazing 13th-century painting depicting the conquest of Majorca was unveiled here and is now preserved in the Museum of Art of Catalonia. By the way, the popular Picasso Museum has the largest number of visitors per year and the ninth tourist site in the number of visitors to Spain as a whole.

To illustrate the enormous size of the museum, it is spread over five medieval aristocratic houses spread out around inviting and nice courtyards. In the courtyards you can see charming Gothic sculptures by sculptor Mark Spont.


#Who was Pablo Picasso?

His full name was "Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso​," this was the Spanish painter and sculptor Pablo Picasso, one of the most revolutionary artists in the history of art.

Picasso was a prodigy who became a fascinating and admired artist. He did not stop exploring his artistic possibilities, tried and formulated new laws and mainly made revolutions in his creative way. He had different periods in his work and in each period he painted in a different style from the others. Among the periods in his work: the Blue Period, the Rose, the sculptural Cubism, the analytic cubism, and more.

Pablo Picasso was a revolutionary artist, the founder of Cubism in modern art, and many who consider him the most important artist of modern 20th-century art. He is also the most prolific artist of the 20th century. Today, his paintings and sculptures are considered the most expensive in the world.


#Tips

Entrance is free - every Sunday from 3:00 pm, and on the first Sunday of the month.

In the free days, it's best to arrive early, because during the days and hours when the entrance is free, there are often no tickets left.

Due to the long lines for the museum, it is recommended to reserve a museum ticket in advance.

Discounts for students up to the age of 25 and pensioners over the age of 65 are entitled to a discount.


Montjuc
Montjuïc
#About the Area

Montjuïc, of the most famous hills in Barcelona, is one of the must-visit sites in the city. In Barcelona's first years, the hill was used as pasture and agricultural land.

The source of the name, Montjuïc (Hill of Jews), is after the Jews that used to bury their loved ones outside the city. Unlike the Christians of the city who buried their dead within the city. The remains from those ancient graves you can see at the historical museum in the Gothic Quarter. In 1992, different athletic facilities were built towards the upcoming Summer Olympics in Barcelona. Since then, new nicknames like, "Olympic Hill" have been used.

The hill, 200 meters high, is steeped with rich beauty and history. At the top of the hill there is a lighthouse, that was used for guiding ships that would arrive at the Port Vell, and as a warning sign for enemy ships.

On the ruins of the lighthouse, in 1640 an impressive fortress was built. It was used as a prison until 1960, and today the Military Museum is located inside. From the top of the hill you can see a breathtaking panoramic 360-degree view of the city and the sea.

The fortress itself is located at the top of the hill built in the 17th century and became the seating place of the military that protected the city from mutiny from the government. You can get to the top of the mountain with the train

The whole area is a sort of large park, where you can find more amusements like museums, galleries, historical buildings, gardens, cafes, and restaurants. Visitors that arrive here are not bored for a minute.


#Tips

To ascend the funicular to the mountain, a train that leaves from Paral-lel and arrives at the citadel.



A Closer Look at the Park on Montjuïc:

https://youtu.be/hX84FHIf83E
La Sagrada Familia
#About the Church

Another of Gaudi's incredible creations is the La Sagrada Familia. This is one of the main attractions in Barcelona, and when it will be finalized, it will be without a doubt one of the most impressive churches in the world.

The church began being built in 1883. In 1926, with Gaudi's sudden death, construction halted. It was continued only in 1946, after many differences of opinions, that came from the fact that Gaudi left no plans for the rest of the construction.



#About the Building's Architecture

It is not surprising that the style of the church is in the Modernism style, that so strongly characterized Gaudi's style, and Barcelona's in general. Most of the decorative elements that you will see on the statues were sculpted by Gaudi himself.

The church is made of 12 tall turrets, 100 meters tall each, symbolizing the 12 Apostles. Today, you can see only 8 of the turrets, since the rest are still under construction. The turrets are divided into three facades symbolizing the birthing of Jesus, his death, and his resurrection. Another turret is futured to be built at the height of 170 meters, symbolizing Jesus himself. Around, 4 additional lower turrets will be added, symbolizing the four evangelists, disciples and messengers of Jesus. Another turret will be erected to symbolize the Virgin Mary.



#About the Building of the Church

The building of the La Sagrada Familia church, the living factory of Gaudi's life, began in 1883. At the beginning of the journey, Gaudi thought it would take only 10 years to construct the building, with the budget of 360,000 pesetas a year. However, because of wars that erupted in Spain and around the world, with the project being funded by donations only, the timeline did not stand. Gaudi, in the last years of his life, got closer to religion and spent most of his time at the construction site. As time passed, Gaudi began to feel that the construction of the building will not be completed before his death. Ironically, in 1926 Gaudi was run over by a light rail that passed outside the construction site, and his grave is located in in the church's crypt.

The church still does not have a completion date, and it is not sure when the construction will end. There is no doubt, however, that when the church is finalized it will be one of the largest and most impressive churches in the world.



#About the Building's Facades

The church to this day is still undergoing a process where parts are added all the time. Every part is planned and constructed carefully, after careful studying and researching of holy texts. The church was planned with three facades, all dedicated to the life of Jesus. So far, only two have been completed, the facade of the Passion and the front of the Nativity

According to the facade of the Passion, you can learn about the last days of Jesus. The facade of Nativity is faced towards the sunrise, with many statues and arches, and at the center a beautiful mosaic. Each one of the facades has 4 bell towers at the height of 100 meters, each dedicated to a different saint from the 12 Apostles. Another main tower, that has yet to be added to the building, will be at the height of 170 meters, and will be dedicated to the symbol of Jesus. Look at the facades, go up to the towers and visit Gaudi's grave. Enjoy!



#What is the Modernism Style?

Modernist style is actually the Catalan version of the style of architecture and plastic art called in French "Art Nouveau." It is characterized by strong vegetation inspiration, an emphasis on colorfulness, natural and rounded lines, and simple and local materials. The most famous Modernist architect is Gaudi, whose style is identified with him. He used style principles over and over again and used motifs like curved walls reminiscent of waves and almost constant avoidance of straight surfaces. He was not the only one to design in the modernist style - there were other architects who starred in this style in Barcelona, ​​such as Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Lluís Domènech i Montaner.
Park Güell
#About the Park Designed by the Legendary Architect of Barcelona - Antoni Gaudí

Park Güell is an entire park designed by the well-known architect Antoni Gaudí. The park is especially identified with the Modernism movement, which is the Spanish version of the style of architecture called "Ar-Nouveau" in French, which is very colorful and emphasizes plant inspiration, natural and rounded lines and the use of simple and local materials. The park was built between 1900 and 1914, and in 2005 it was even declared an international heritage site. While exploring the park, you can see one of the most spectacular views of Barcelona.

The ground on which the park is located was never leveled by Gaudi. Therefore, the original route of the area remains as it was at the beginning. This makes the hike, the ups and downs and the winding paths particularly interesting.

In many of the buildings you will see fragments of colorful ceramics, creating an abstract and colorful mosaic, in a style called Trencadis. This coating is found both on straight surfaces and on curved surfaces and this provides a unique look to the park and its objects.

But wait, if the park was designed by famous architect Gaudí, why is the name of the park "Park Güell"? - Well, the park was built as a real estate project of the patron Eusebi Güell, who was impressed by similar projects to which he was exposed in England. He hired architect Gaudí and asked him to design the compound, which still belongs to him and is named after him.


#About Gaudí's Design

Gaudí's initial goal was to design a housing complex for the upper class, which stands on a hill overlooking the entire city. To this end Gaudí built the entrance gate and two model villas. They are still in the park. The villas are designed to blend in with the general landscape and are therefore not particularly noticeable. You can identify them by virtue of the blue and white conical roof with a cross on one end and the roof of the other with the white dome over a brown base. The project was unsuccessful and only 2 of the 60 lots offered for sale were sold. For many years the park was left deserted and neglected, until it was purchased by the municipality and opened as a park for the general public.

A few meters from the entrance plaza you can see the lizard-dragon that emits water. This statue has become one of the symbols of the architect Gaudí. At the entrance there are also two colorful entry booths and a compound called the "Hundred-Pillar Room." Its purpose is to protect visitors from rain. The stone benches in the park are built in the form of a decorated snake and allow for particularly comfortable seating, thanks to the shape specially adapted for the human back.

The park also has a small museum dedicated to the famous architect. This building served as the residence of Gaudí at the time he planned the park. In the museum you will find many of the objects that the genius used while he lived here. The museum complex is the only part of the park that has an entrance fee.


A Closer Look at the Park:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3gy8gAVywfs
Casa Milà
#About the Building

This amazing residence attracts many tourists and visitors, especially those who are interested in architecture and design. This is one of the outstanding works of Barcelona's famous architect, Antoni Gaudi. Like many buildings in this area, it was also built in Modernism style, and its construction took 4 years (between 1906-1910). In 1969 the building was declared a national monument, and in 1984 it was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Gaudí's well-known style comes into play, especially in the rounded and wave-like walls, which do not contain straight surfaces. Gaudi finished building the house in 1912 and in fact it was his last project before he began to devote all his time to building the "Sardinia Familia," the great cathedral that would become his life's work.

Of the six floors of the building, only the lower floor and the two inner courtyards, one round and the other elliptical, were used by the family at home.

The dominant structure was not liked at first by the residents of the city and there are rumors that even the Milà family, who invited him, did not fall in love with it at first. As a result, because of the hatred that many felt toward it, the building was nicknamed the insulting La Pedrera - the quarry.

Today there are tours and exhibitions in the building, many of which are dedicated to Gaudi himself.



#About the Architecture of Casa Milà

The structure of the Casa Milà should be examined close to the two buildings next to it. All three are called the "Illa de la Discòrdia" trio.

In Casa Milà we can identify many of the characteristics we know from previous works by Gaudi. It has no straight lines at all and the waves you see from the outside look just like waves or dunes of sand. The motif of the waves repeats itself again in the interior decoration of the building (in figures of octopus, shells and marine vegetation). Iron railings on balconies resemble little seaweed or climbing aquatic plants. The entire structure is curved and made of limestone, except for the upper part, which combines white tiles that create the image of a snowy mountain. There is no doubt that the impressive building attracts a lot of attention.

The entire building is six stories high. On the lower part are two inner courtyards - one round and the other elliptical. On the top floor you will see staircases leading to the roof, supported by a series of parabolic arches, overlooking the urban neighborhood. The designed chimneys, which are located on the roof of the building and are decorated with ceramic tiles, were called "witch scarecrows" because of their interesting appearance.

According to Gaudi's plans, the facade of the building was supposed to receive religious significance through the statues of the Virgin and the angels Gabriel and Michael on both sides, each at a height of 4 meters. Even if these are not here, in front of the building you can still see a large gate, on the doorpost above which is written the sentence: "Oh, Maria full of grace, My God is with you."



#What is the Modernism Style?

Modernist style is actually the Catalan version of the style of architecture and plastic art called in French "Art Nouveau." It is characterized by strong vegetation inspiration, an emphasis on colorfulness, natural and rounded lines, and simple and local materials. The most famous Modernist architect is Gaudi, whose style is identified with him. He used style principles over and over again and used motifs like curved walls reminiscent of waves and almost constant avoidance of straight surfaces. He was not the only one to design in the modernist style - there were other architects who starred in this style in Barcelona, ​​such as Josep Puig i Cadafalch and Lluís Domènech i Montaner.



#Tip

Warm recommendation - go up to the roof of the building, take note of the amazing view, especially in the direction of the neighborhood "Eixample."


A Closer Look at the Casa Milà:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YNB_DxirjHA
Camp Nou
#About the Barca Stadium

Ladies and Gentlemen - you have reached the temple of European soccer. This is the home stadium of the Barcelona team. There is no Barca without Camp Nou. You can learn about the history of one of the most hailed soccer teams in the world.

The soccer stadium of the Barcelona team is Camp Nou, the "new field." There are 100,000 seats, and the entire place is about 55,000 square meters, making it the largest stadium in Europe, and one of the largest in the world.

In 1954, the first ceremony in Camp Nou took place. Then a crowd of about 60,000 came, and since then the crowds have only grown. For the premier game in the stadium, there was a crowd of 90,000 visitors, and the number of seats has only been growing since. The number of seats today reach 99,354.



#A Tour in the Barca Museum

In the stadium there is also the official museum for the Barcelona Soccer Club, known as Barca. If you book a tour in Camp Nou you can see the club museum with many souvenirs and historical items, a trophy room, multimedia room, dressing room, entrance tunnel, entrance to the stands, and the famous way to the field, as well as a souvenir shop at the entrance.

Beyond the soccer events here, there are also many cultural events, like performances by artists and concerts by talented musicians.

During a tour of the stadium you can also visit the Sports Museum. This is a new museum, modern and with a system of interactive speakers and light. There are two places where nostalgic items for the club are placed. On the first floor, you will mainly sculptures and items from different fields, and on the second-floor, writings and photos of the Barca players throughout the years.



#New Design

In 2007 the Club opened an international competition to design the stadium from scratch, to fit the new needs of the club. Over 80 architects applied with ideas for the new stadium, and finally, the design of Norman Foster and his company won, who designed Wembley Stadium. For the reconstruction about 250 million euro were put aside, with two important conditions: 1. respect the original building. 2. end the renovations in the shortest time possible and to continue to hold games during the works. Eventually, the plan was never executed for the lack of ability of the team to pay for the renovations.

7 years later, in 2014, it was decided to renovate the stadium anyways, and a plan was made to expand the seating places of the stadium to 105,000, covering the exits, adding VIP booths, and redoing the exterior of the stadium. The work is due to be finished around 2021.




A Closer Look at Camp Nou:

https://youtu.be/huOQ_IHXcy8
Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya
#About the Museum

At the top of Montjuïc, inside the building of the large National Palace, you can see the Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya - a cultural and artistic gem. It was opened in 1990 and is dedicated to Catalonian and Spanish artists.

This museum has 70 exhibit halls, each with different art pieces and items, mainly from the 11th to 18th centuries. There are paintings, statues, art pieces, engravings, coins, and more. You can find art pieces from the Romanesque and Gothic periods here. One of the more interesting collections is the frescoes from the Romanesque period, that were preserved from crumbling church walls around Catalonia.

After preservations efforts in the past few years, you will see collections from two museums that were united: The Museum of Modern Art (that was moved here from Ciutadella Park) and the National Art Museum of Catalonian History.

In the museum's garden you can find great viewpoints of a magical fountain, where every half an hour a light show takes place. The magical fountain operates on Thursday, Friday, and Saturday evenings during the summer months.




A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yunrxhtuM2Q


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

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אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
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