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Palatul Parlamentului
Palace of Parliament
#About the Pompous Palace of Ceaușescu

The Palace of Parliament (Palatul Parlamentului) is the largest palace in the world, after the Pentagon in the United States. This is no coincidence. The palace is a symbol for the known extravagance of the dictator and Communist Party leader Nicolae Ceaușescu. He did not live to see the end of the construction, since he was executed during the revolution before the building was completed.

After the revolution and his death, the democratic Romanian government decided to keep the impressive building, instead of paying the large amount for its destruction.

The palace is located in the center of Bucharest, and has no less than 16 floors, 1,100 rooms, and 4 underground levels, as well as a bunker.

The construction broke 3 world records. This was the second largest administrative building ever built in history, the most expensive, and the heaviest. Inside you will see a wide variety of decorations and furniture, who hold an entire history in themselves.


#About the History of the Palace

The building was built in 1984, and was originally planned to be the new police headquarters. 20,000 workers, and 700 architects worked on this building, under the management of architect Anca Petrescu, who was only 28 when he designed the palace. The palace is made from 8 palaces, and you can see here hundreds of offices, event halls and conference rooms. For its construction 7,000 houses were demolished.

The construction was completed in 1997, and cost 3 billion euros. 20,000 workers were involved in the construction. This palace tells the pride-filled story of Ceaușescu, with his photo scattered around everywhere in the large palace. He spent a lot of the resources that he withheld from the people, and spent them on golden decorations, tiles, marble, velvet curtains, and huge crystal chandeliers.

Today the building holds the Romanian Parliament, and is an International Conference Center.

Not many know this, but under the palace there are many surprises. Tunnels and escape routes from the city, a huge bunker, ammunition room, and secret rooms - all these were discovered and filmed by the TV after the Romanian revolution. The media does not provide evidence, and even tour guides refrain from talking about this.



#Tips

Bring your passport with you when going to tour the palace, you will not be able to enter without it.

The Palace offers an organized tour of about 50 minutes, this might be a good idea considering the size of the building.


A Closer Look at the House of Parliament:

https://youtu.be/bPUjzfj3OZE
Bucharest Botanical Garden
Bucharest Botanical Garden
#About the Bucharest Botanical Garden

In northwest Bucharest there is a huge botanical garden called Bucharest Botanical Garden. It is 17,000 kilometers square, with about 4 kilometers square of greenhouses. The Bucharest Botanical Garden opened in 1891, and has been a tourist attraction for many years, to take a relaxing break from the bustling city.

At the Botanical Garden you can see over 10,000 species of plants and flowers. While wandering around the different areas, try to get to the greenhouses. You can see rare plants from far away countries that can be grown only by controlling the climate in the greenhouse.

The plants in the greenhouses are divided by different climate needs and their origins. Notice the colors, textures, and shapes of the different plants. For lovers of plants, flowers, and beauty - the beauty here is endless!

At the center of the park there is a big botanical museum where about 5,000 plant species are displayed, there are about 1,000 exotic plants from around the world.


A Closer Look at the Garden:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wfva8dX-dSY
Calea Victoriei
Victory Avenue
#About Victory Avenue

Victory Avenue (Calea Victoriei) is considered a fancy shopping avenue in Bucharest, and the most beautiful in the city. Among the prestigious hotels that are all along, you will see stores with names like Gucci, Versace, and Armani. This is a place to find fashion stores of large international brands.

There are many luxury stores here that can be seen while walking around. This is a great window shopping experience, since the prices are usually very high.

Besides shopping, there is history and beauty here that are the prize of Romania. Along the avenue are some of the most honored and beautiful buildings in Bucharest. There are central attractions here like the Parliament Palace, Victoria Palace, where the Romanian government sits, the National Bank, and the City Hall Palace. Also you can find here the Museum of Art History, and the Museum of National History.

In the avenue there is the Revolution Square, and if you come close to the walls on the surrounding buildings, you can see bullet holes from the days of the revolution that took place here, at the end of the Communist rule, against the Romanian tyrant, Nicolae Ceaușescu.



A Closer Look at the Avenue:

https://youtu.be/k0UczHjWJLc
Strada Lipscani
Lipscani District
#About the Ancient Neighborhood for Going Out

Lipscani District (Strada Lipscani) is an ancient district in Bucharest, and is a central location for daily life and nightlife. With many pubs and cafes, clothing stores, and entertainment areas, residents and visitors come to the district.

This special district was the residents of the city's nobility in the 15th century, and has since become a popular trading area for craftsmen. Around the district workshops opened, for a variety of things, like horseshoes, metalworks, leather, and more. Today the tradition of the workshops continues, alongside designer stores offering different things, usually made by the owner or designer themselves.

During a tour of the district, you will see modern sites next to the ancient building. There are many small magical streets, interesting workshops, cafes, and boutique stores in different style buildings, with a lot of design and thought about little details.

The population that lives here has been very varied throughout the years. There are those who live here with long Romanian root, as well as Jews, Turks, Germans, and more. The secret and charm of this area seems to be that the district allowing visitors to soak in the atmosphere that has characterized this place for many generations.

Craftsmen that settled here, became an inseparable part of the district. Until today, streets are named after the workshops that operated here. There is Sandel Street, Sword Fixer Street, and others.

Bucharest residents are grateful that this district was not destroyed during the Communist rule over the city. There were some plans that never reached the stage of construction. When ancient buildings in the district go through renovations today, they do so with loving hands, and not with bulldozers that flatten the ground for new buildings.

#Tips

Lipscani is also a big shopping area. Thanks to the galleries and stores here, with the antique, local products, worthy art pieces, all without any large international brand names.



A Closer Look at the Photos from the Old Lipscani Neighborhood:

https://youtu.be/fG8yD88S18Q

Must See in Bucharest

Museum of the Romanian Peasant
Museum of the Romanian Peasant
#About the Romanian Farmer Museum

The Museum of the Romanian Peasant (Muzeul Taranului Roman) is entirely dedicated to the culture and lives of farmers, who lived village lives around the green lands of Romania. It will pass on the intriguing stories of the farmers in an interesting way, more than any book or text. In every room you can feel the authentic air of the Romanian village, the school, church, and homes.

In this museum you will find traditional clothes, old table cloths, hand-made embroidery, decorated ceramics, old houses and agriculture tools. This museum is one of the leading in Europe, and has won many awards and prizes for the fascinating exhibits it displays.

More in the museum is a library and movie theater, with a variety of relevant movies to watch, mostly about themes having to do with village life and the farmers who lived there.



A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://youtu.be/FG8QXlwX0rQ


Museum Building:

https://youtu.be/lJNiJU5G1Ks
Arcul de Triumf
Arcul de Triumf
#About the Arcul de Triumf in Bucharest

Like many good places, Bucharest also has its own victory gate. It is located in the north area of the city and is considered a popular tourist attraction. It is 85 meters tall, and visitors can climb to a viewpoint that is 27 meters high.


#History of the Romanian Victory Gate

The victory gate is a minimalist building in the shape of a rainbow, and its purpose throughout history has been to commemorate victories in battles or wars. The custom of building a victory gate originated from the Roman Empire.

The Arcul de Triumf was made as an exact replica of the Arc de Triumph in Paris. It is located between the 3 main avenues of the city, and the entrance to King Michael I Park.

The Bucharest victory gate was established in 1879. Its purpose was to commemorate Romanian independence, and it was made of wood. During damages from different wars, the new gate was built in 1922, this time for the Romanian soldiers that fought in World War I. However this gate also did not survive, and only in 1935 was a gate finally built that stood the test of time - this is the grandeur gate you see today, made of stone and marble.

Each year on December 1st, there is an independence day parade in the victory gate area. At night lights light up the gate with the flags of the 40 regions in Romania.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/IKssousMzQE
Grdina Cimigiu
Cișmigiu Gardens
#About the Green Gardens

Need a little break during the trip? A relaxed walk in the evening in a natural space?

Bucharest's oldest public gardens are located in the center of Bucharest. These are the Cișmigiu Gardens (Grădina Cişmigiu), 160,000 square meters in size. They were built in 1845 and were designed by the German architect Karl Mayer. Cișmigiu Gardens are decorated in a well-kept English style. They offer large and rich expanses in lawns, flowers, sculptures and more than 30,000 trees scattered in the surrounding green space.

Children will find a lot of interest here in the various attractions. There is a cruise in the lake, chess on special tables, playgrounds and places where birds can be fed. Also note the sculpture area, where the greatest Romanian poets and writers are sculpted.

In the park there are also various monuments, dedicated to the French and American soldiers who died during the liberation of the city from the occupiers, during World War I and again in World War II.

In the center of the garden you will find a large artificial lake, where you can sail in boats, between swans and pelicans. In the winter, when the big lake freezes, it becomes an ice skating rink.


A Closer Look at the Gardens:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iuUcnmmKsq0
Piata Revolutiei
Revolution Square
#About Revolution Square

Revolution Square (Piata Revolutiei) is located on Calea Victoriei, and has always held an important role in the city.

Here, in this square, towards the late 1980's, mass protests were held against the tyrant Ceaușescu. From the balcony of the Communist Party headquarters, Ceaușescu looked at the revolution happening before his eyes in 1989, and he left with his wife on a helicopter and escaped Bucharest. A few hours later, he was caught by revolutionaries, taken into custody, went through a field trial, and was immediately executed, along with his wife.

In the Revolutionary Square, there a few buildings worth to mention: the impressive Parliament building, decorated with columns with important figures from Romania's history. There is the King's Palace (Palatul Regal), today being used as the National Museum of Art of Romania.

In the square are statues and monuments dedicated to the Romanian Revolution of 1989.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/dsiBh_y1VDE


The Square During the Revolution - The Helicopter with the Tyrant and His Wife Fleeing:

https://youtu.be/lrGpt_gtr-w


Parcul Carol I
Carol Park
#About Carol Park

This large and pleasant park, named after the first king of Romania, Carol I, was built in 1906. It is in the southwest area of the city, and is considered one of the largest public parks in the city, for it spreads across 360,000 square meters. Carol Park was designed by the French landscape architect Eduard Redont.

Actually, this park, even with its proximity to the city, is mainly ignored by tourists and locals. It was built for the World Expo that took place here in 1906. If you look to the left of the main entrance, you will see the Technical Museum of Bucharest. It is in a building that was originally built for the Expo.

In the entrance to the park you will see a large and impressive church made of wood. The area surrounding it is also made of wood, giving the area a village-like feeling.

In 1963 it was decided to dedicate Carol Park to the memory of the victims of World War II. This was the reason that the monument for the "Unknown Heroes" was built - a tall monument that was placed in the park. Behind it are two buildings that create an arch. A staircase leads to the monument. Notice the eternal flame next to the monument and the two standing soldiers on each side.

If you are a looking to rest a little from the busy city, a nice walk in the nature of the park, or a nice look at the view of the city, this is the place. There are statues, monuments, and a big lake. There are many statues, walking paths, and a large area that is used for a farmers market on the weekends. Children will enjoy the playgrounds scattered around, and on summer days there are open-aired concerts.



A Closer Look at Carol Park:

https://youtu.be/OWeAJ6vQ6Lg


Young People Enjoying the Park:

https://youtu.be/o1LtLq5HBqU
Romanian Athenaeum
#About the Concert Hall that Must be Visited

The magnificent building in front of you, with the pink marble pillars, is the home of the Philharmonic Orchestra. It is called the Romanian Athenaeum (Ateneul Român). Its magnificent stairways, frescoes and domes of golden leaves all create a magnificent aesthetic play, making it one of the iconic symbols of Bucharest.

This hall houses the important concerts of the Romanian Philharmonic Orchestra. It is known for its amazing acoustics, which are mainly responsible for the well-designed round room. The hall opened to the public in 1888 and can accommodate up to 800 spectators.

If you enter the concert hall, pay attention to the giant fresco painting on the ceiling, which describes important moments in Romanian history. If you decide to stay outside, try to catch a few moments of tranquility in the little park in front of the building, under a statue by Mihai Aminescu, Romania's greatest poet.


#Tips

If you like classical music and want to listen to a concert, the tickets to the front lines are very cheap. Enjoy!


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/IMwQJ69JUlk


A Concert:

https://youtu.be/IZn77ZuVQZg


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

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אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
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