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Andrassy Ut
Andrassy Avenue
#About the Cultural Avenue of Budapest

Andrassy Avenue is one of the most beautiful and impressive avenues in Hungary. The works that turned it into such an impressive and beautiful street took place in the 19th century. Quickly this street grew into an impressive street whose length is 2.5 kilometers.

This is how Andrassy Avenue, during the days of Emperor Franz Joseph, became the most fashionable road in Budapest. With time, many cultural institutes and important museums, musical institutions and more, were built here. Many theaters were built with time, which gave the avenue its nickname, "Broadway of Pest."

In the vibrant avenue there are cafes and entertainment areas. If you are standing at the start, at Elizabeth Square, you can see at the opposite end the Heroe's Square, with the 1000 Year Monument at its center, right behind which is a large public and impressive park.

For its architectural beauty, as well as important buildings spread across, the avenue was crowned a World Heritage Site in 2002. When you wander around you can see the large and impressive Opera House. Not far away is the Music Academy, named after the composer and piano genius Franz Liszt. There are some of the more interesting museums in Budapest here, like the Museum of Terrorism.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/Lc15mSN5S0U


One House on This Street:

https://youtu.be/iXG-Z9Xnd0w
Hosok Tere
Heroes' Square
#About Heroe's Square

The impressive Heroe's Square (Hősök tere) is located at the end of the known street at the heart of Pest, the eastern plateau side of the city.

Actually, the square acts as the entrance to the City Park, the public park of Budapest. At the center is the Millennium Monument, the 1000 year monument, built in a semi-circular shape. The establishing of the monument began in 1896, to commemorate the conquering of Hungary by the Magyars - with its roots in the Urals and western Siberia. The Magyars wandered to Hungary in the 8-9th century, and settled. They represent the ancestors to most of Hungary's residents today.

At the center of the monument there is a marble column, 36 meters tall, and at the top is a statue of Gabriel, the symbol of Catholic Christianity, holding in his hand the holy crown and a large cross, just like the legend tells about the King of Hungary, Stephen I, did in his time.

On both sides of the marble column are statues with 7 central figures from Hungarian history. These were the leaders of the Magyars tribes who conquered Hungary. On both sides of the monument the story is told of the past 1000 years in Hungary, with plaques and different statues.

Today many protests and gatherings take place here, as this place represents a meeting place in the city center. There are also formal governmental ceremonies that take place here.

With the history in the square, there are 2 ingredients in the Heroe's Square of great significance: The Art Gallery which was established in 1896, and the Art Museum that was added to the square in 1906. the Millennium Monument connects between the two.



A Closer Look at Night:

https://youtu.be/WKg9Epy-1-0
Budai Varnegyed
Castle Hill
#Aboput the Hill on the City of Buda

Castle Hill (Budai várnegyed) is an ancient site, of the important and interesting in the city Budapest. The hill is located in the area of old Buda. The Citadel, or castle, is built on a plateau whose length is a kilometer, and is mostly surrounded by a wall. Though this is not really a citadel, the complex does include the royal palace, as well as caves and ancient roads and many historical and important sites that are really interesting.

To Buda Hill, Castle Hill, the citadel (Budai várnegyed) you ascend by train from Clark Adam Square. Many people live on the hill, and is a lively and vibrant and very interesting residential place - over most of the city. Next to the houses there are many luxury hotels and not any less luxurious chef restaurants.

The street on the Castle Hill, located at the center of Buda, is in the Middle Age style, the Baroque. There are many different styles of architecture, of buildings from different periods in the city and different design and architecture techniques.

In 1987 the citadel was declared as a World Heritage Site. Most of the famous attractions of Budapest are located on Castle Hill on the Buda side: the popular royal palace and inside the National Gallery, the Fishermen's Bastion, Matthias Church, Lion Court, Honday Garden, Savoy Terrace, History Museum of Budapest, Music Museum, Military Museum, Marzipan Museum, Pharmacy Museum and the Museum for Middle Age Jewry.


#History of the Hill

The story of the hill and the story of the royal palace on it is the story of the history of all of Hungary. The settlement began during the 13th century, after the Mongolian army invaded the city of Pest, that was built along the Danube River.

The Mongols destroyed and caused major havoc to the city. To prevent future damage to that extent, the residents of the city decided to wall the city and build a palace and citadel on the nearby hill, with strategic viewpoints, to protect the city. So they crossed the Danube River and built the citadel on the hill, assuming that the river would make it hard for intruders to attack the city, and that the height of the hill would guarantee its protection.

In the 15th century, the palace was expanded into a castle by King Sigismund, and was the largest Gothic castle in Europe. Later on in the century King Matthias made sure to expand it further.

When the Turks conquered Buda in the 16th century, they turned all the churches to Mosques, as they did with all the Christian areas they took over.

At the end of the 17trh century, after the area was conquered again by the Hapsburgs, Christians from Austria, began a surge of impressive reconstruction. During the rule of the Austro-Hungarian Empire public houses were built here, homes and roads that were impressive and full of glory.

In the 19th century was the Hungarian Independence War, during the period called the "Spring of Nations," in 1848. During the revival against the Austrian Emperor, the Buda Castle was once again damaged. After the war, when the Emperor united Austria and Hungary, the palace was renovated and enlarged, where Franz Joseph was crowned King of Hungary.

After World War I and the fall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Horthy Miklós lived in the castle, the ruler of Hungary. The palace then became the political center of the country.

At the end of World War II, the Castle on Buda Hill was the last standing hold of the Nazis. During the fighting between then and the Red Army the Castle incurred a lot of damages.



#Tips

As in any place with a big crowd, watch for pickpocketers


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/4fZeT1Ps3p4
Szent Istvan Bazilika
St. Stephen's Basilica
#About the Biggest Basilica in Budapest

The St. Stephen's Basilica (Szent István Bazilika) is the largest church in Budapest. It is named after Saint Stephen, whose holy hand is preserved and secured at the basilica for many years. About 8,000 people come to the basilica daily to pray. In the basilica are art pieces and beautiful decorations.

The church began being built in 1851, and was finalized in 1906. During World War II it was bombed and badly damaged, however during the years it was renovated and returned to its former glory. In the renovations of 1870, the architect Joseph Metzger gave it a Gothic look, as he did to many buildings he renovated.

During World War II, art pieces and documents were hidden at the basement of the basilica of great historical importance. However, the basilica was badly damaged during the war. It was completely renovated only between the years 1983 and 2003.

In the past decade, it has also undergone renovations, deep internal and external renovations, that renovated and returned the basilica to its original beauty. The building combines different architectural styles, including neo-Classical and the neo-Renaissance style.



#What Can Be Seen Here?

Notice that in the basilica are beautiful mosaics that decorate the dome and the ceiling of the church. Look for the Baroque decorations around the interior of the basilica. Like in every church, there are many paintings and motifs of Christianity, however, when you will see the painting on the wall of Madonna, know that this painting is from 1472, and its importance is bigger than all of the rest of the paintings.

The basilica is 96 meters tall, and if you succeed in climbing the 323, you will reach the balcony at a height of 65 meters, with the incredible breath stopping view of all of Budapest.

From the balcony, you will see different sites around Budapest worth a visit. Notice that places like the Big Synagogue of Budapest, Heroe's Square, with the arches behind the main statue, or the pretty Museum of Art that in itself is beautiful, even from far away.


#Why Was the Building of the Basilica Prolonged?

This was in 1851 when the construction of the tallest Catholic basilica in Budapest, and the largest in Hungary, began. A strange chain of events and disasters disturbed the construction. This began with the death of the architects who planned the church, and continued in the collapse of the church dome in 1867. All these lead to huge delays and endless pushing of the finishing date, until it was complete in 1905.

However, it is not only the dates that were affected by the events that haunted the project. The look of the church was hurt quite a bit from the change of architectures and their styles. Maybe this is the reason that the exterior of the St. Stephen's Basilica is not less impressive than its size.




#Who Was the Stephen I?

Stephen I, who the basilica is named after, was the king of Hungary in 1000. He was the king who changed the official religion of Hungary to Christianity. Hungary owes Stephen I a lot, for he fortified the standing of Hungary as a significant country, between eastern and western Europe.

A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/4x68DGwI77Q?t=19s

Must See in Budapest

Gellert Hegy
Gellert Hill
#About the Hill Above Budapest

Gellert Hill (Gellért Hegy) is a tall hill above the area of the castle and the city of Budapest, and has a great view of the whole city. The hill, which stands out for everyone day and night, is located in Buda, and is 235 meters tall above the river. It is named after Bishop Gellert, who spread Christianity around Hungary in the 11th century and died as a saint.

The green and lit up hill is identified thanks to the impressive freedom monument at the top of the hill, and is a wonderful viewpoint over the city. Notice how beautiful the Danube river is from here. See the bridges that connect the two sides. Look down the tree covered hill, covering the hill all the way to the bottom. The view in the evening hours is also incredible.

From the side of the city, the statue of Gellert is clearly seen at all hours of the day and night. In the statue, Gellert is seen waving a cross to the people of the city, and around him are columns in a semi-circular shape. The natural stream that comes from the mountain becomes a waterfall in front of the statue, which only makes it a much more impressive sight.

On the hill is also a citadel, a low fortress that the Austrian Habsburg emperors built to strengthen their control over the city's residents, after the Hungarian Independence War (1848-1849).



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/IXN_RMkWIUM?t=20s
Szchenyi Lnchd
Széchenyi Chain Bridge
#About the Suspension Bridge in Budapest

The bridges that connect the parts of Budapest, above the romantic Danube River, turn the river into a jaw-dropping shining pearl. Without a doubt, the prettiest of these is the Széchenyi Chain Bridge (Széchenyi Lánchíd) a suspension bridge, that was built as the first permanent bridge that connects Buda and Pest. This bridge begins in Clark Adam Square, across the river, towards the inner city of Pest. There it connects to Roosevelt Square, near Gresham Palace and the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.

The length of the Széchenyi is 350 meters. This was a project by two 'Clarks." In 1839 the engineer William Clark designed the bridge, but he had to pack up and leave Hungary quickly due to prior commitments. So finishing the bridge in 1849 was the architect Adam Clark.

The bridge quickened the union of Buda and Pest, that were becoming one city thanks to the large growth in the 19th century.

In 1945, with the Nazis surrender from the Red Army, the German army bombed the bridge. It was restored in 1949. So it became a monumental attraction in itself. For its nice structure, especially at night when it is reflected on the Danube River. The bridge is surrounded by statues of handsome lions, that have become the commercial symbol of the bridge.

On summer weekends, the bridge becomes a wide boulevard and different performances and attractions for tourists take place.


#The Tragic Story of the Lions on the Bridge

The Suspension Bridge, established in 1849, is considered the prettiest bridge in Budapest. Among other things, it is known for the nice lion statues on its sides. Local legends says that after finishing the statues of the lions, the artist noticed that he forgot to add a tongue to one of them. And out of desperation and sadness, he committed suicide and jumped off the bridge.

However, all the lions on the bridge have their tongues! So is the legend true? Walk around the bridge and see if you can find a lion without his tongue...



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/VX9LF3ybp_Q
Dohny utca Synagoga
Dohány Street Synagogue
#About the Big Synagogue of Budapest

Dohány Street Synagogue (Dohány utca Synagoga) was built in 1859. This is without a doubt the most prominent and important place in the Jewish quarter of the city.

The "Tabakgasse Synagogue" as it is sometimes called, is the largest synagogue in Europe. Why "Tabakgasse" you ask? It means tobacco in Hungarian. The three floors of the synagogue can hold up to 3,000 worshippers. It is interesting to note the contrast between the design of the building, which includes Islamic features, and what was introduced into it, which included Christian and church characteristics, such as an organ, a stage at the front and more.

On top of it being an operating synagogue, the building is also the site for the memorial of the 565,000 Hungarian Jews who were murdered in the Holocaust. During the Nazi occupation of Hungary, the synagogue was included in the Jewish Ghetto, and it became a central location for detaining many Jews.

The building includes also the Jewish Museum of Budapest, and many Jewish graves of the Jews from the quarter. There is a monument and a plaque for the memory of the Hungarian Jews who were killed during World War I and were murdered during the Holocaust by the Nazis.

The entrance to the synagogue is with a paid ticket, with the funds being used for the upkeep of the building.



#Architecture of the Synagogue Building

The synagogue was designed in the Mori style, Islamic and Northern-African, characterized by arches and decorations that repeat themselves. The style here combines Gothic elements with varied Islamic characteristics.

The architect Ludwig Förster placed at the exterior of the building two towers 43 meters tall. At the head of the towers are domes shaped like onions. In the center of the facade is a window in the shape of a flower and next to it are decorated windows.

The Islamic characteristics are also reflected in the colorful ceramic tile in which the synagogue is built from the outside, and the synagogue floor, where you can see a mosaic with geometric illustrations. Its walls are also decorated with gold and colorful geometric shapes.

The interior of the synagogue contains, as mentioned, various elements borrowed from Christianity. The most prominent is the organ, which was added to ease the atmosphere in the synagogue and make it happier. This was the practice in the synagogues of the Neolog movement, which grew stronger at that time. Another characteristic of this type is the placement of the synagogue stage at the front rather than the center of the synagogue, as has always been the case. Notice also the two huge and impressive chandeliers hanging from the ceiling.


#History of the Synagogue

The synagogue was built after the Jewish community of the city grew quickly during the 18th century and the 19th century, and reached 30,000 people.

This is how the new synagogue was built during 1854-1859. It was built in the Mori style, the North African style, an exotic decision that was interesting and even trendy at the time. Different from other synagogues, an organ was installed inside, reminded more of a Christian church than a traditional synagogue. The organ has 5,000 pipes. Among others, musicians such as the composer and piano genius Franz Liszt and composer Camille Saint-Saëns.

In 1939 Nazi supporters burned the synagogue, and during the war the remains were used for the Nazi radio station. Throughout the war the synagogue continued to be damaged from allied air raids.

After the war, the building was returned to the ownership of the Jewish community of Budapest, however resources for the reconstruction were limited.

In the 1990's, with the fall of the Communist rule in Hungary, the building was renovated and rebuilt. This is also when the monument for the memorial for the Jewish Holocaust victims was added, including the memorial for the Hungarian Jews and Raoul Wallenberg.



#The Uniqueness of the Big Synagogue of Budapest

Inside the synagogue, you can see many elements borrowed from Christianity. The most prominent of these is the organ, of course, added to a more joyful atmosphere. This was the practice in the synagogues of the Neolog Movement, a movement of Hungarian Jewry that aspired to assimilate into the general Hungarian society. Its most prominent characteristics were the introduction of synagogue organs and mixed choirs, boys and girls together.

Another prominent feature here is the position of the stage at front of the synagogue, rather than at its center.

Some things that cannot be seen during the visit here are as follows:

The language of the prayers, which, as the practice of theologians, is the local language, in this case, Hungarian.

The choir of the mixed synagogue - a choir of men and women together.



#Herzl's Childhood Neighborhood

In fact, you are in the childhood neighborhood of Theodore Herzl, the visionary of the State of Israel. It is here that the future of the Zionist movement and the establishment of the State of Israel grew.

Theodor Herzl was born here in the house next to the synagogue on Dohany Street. The surrounding neighborhood was the area where he grew up, played and studied. In this synagogue, imagine Binyamin Ze'ev Herzl, a Torah scholar, at his Bar Mitzvah ceremony in 1873. Incidentally, Herzl mentions the event several times in his book "The Tabakgasse Synagogue."

Indeed, the small square in front of the synagogue is now called "Herzl Square."




A Closer Look at the Synagogue with the Sounds of the Organ in the Background:

https://youtu.be/qfUX2QdRwFs
Gellrt Hegy
Gellért Hill Monument
#About the Gellért Monument

We know you see an impressive monument before you, a statue of a man waving a cross. This is the statue of Gellért Hegy, the saint of the city of Budapest. The statue, which stands 140 meters above sea level and is surrounded by a decorative column arch, commemorates Gellért who died in the city while trying to convert the pagans of the young city.

This impressive statue and monument was erected at the beginning of the 20th century by the sculptor Jankovits. He sculpted Gellert as a vigorous man and gave him a great deal of resolve and determination. The statue seems to be waving a cross to the city's inhabitants as proof.


#The Story of St. Gellert

Gellért was the one who spread Christianity in the 11th century. According to Christian tradition, St. Gellért died a martyr. It was when the pagans, whom he tried to persuade to convert to Christianity, pushed him into a barrel and rolled him in a barrel down the hill, straight into the Danube River.

It is important to understand that these were not just pagans who opposed Christianity. They were followers of Paganism, idolatry, which was still accepted in many areas of medieval Europe. They not only opposed Christianity but killed and robbed quite a few Hungarian churches and monasteries of those days. The priests were often burned alive, together with the churches that were set on fire. At the head of the pagan revolt that killed Gellért, there was a nobleman named Vati.

Versions are varied. One legend tells that they pushed him down, in a barbed barrel. Another version speaks of a two-wheeled cart down the mountain, with poor Gellért in it. There are those who say that Gellért did not die rolling down the hill, and when he reached the bottom of the mountain, the pagan crowd attacked him and lynched him with stones and bayonets. Either way, it is was cruel death, for the future of the one to become the saint of the city and one of the most important Christian figures in the history of Hungary.

Gellért's body was then placed in a sarcophagus, which was placed in the Cathedral of the Virgin Mary in the city. There are stories about the stone, which according to legend, was the final blow to the cathedral in the city of Hernad, but the cathedral itself was destroyed by the Mongols later in history.


Szchnyi Spa
Széchenyi Thermal Bath
#About the Popular Thermal Bath of Budapest

Want to bath in thermal baths just like in olden times? The thermal baths are an experience, and part of the experience in visiting Budapest. After all, this is the "Spa City" of Europe. In every corner there are thermal baths, whose water comes from hot water springs located under the city. These baths are known for helping to heal skin, digestion, and nerve problems.

Széchenyi Thermal Bath (Széchényi Spa) is the most popular bath in Budapest. These baths are located in the eastern part of the city, in Pest. This is a large site, and popular, thanks to its location in the public park. If you do not require total silence, then this place is pretty nice, even with the large crowds.

Nothing can be done - to here many locals and tourists come and visit. These are the largest baths in Europe, and are located in the largest public park in the city, Varosliget City Park.

To tell the truth, the Széchenyi Thermal Bath is a huge place. There are three external swimming pools, with a wave pool for kids, and 12 more thermal baths with different temperatures and designs in the open air. Next to the baths, there is a sports center, spa, gym, physical therapy center, sauna, massages and more.

With the design, the Széchenyi Thermal Bath is the newest in the city, but has existed for a rather long time, since 1913. The design, accordingly, is from another period. The neo-Baroque style of the baths gives a special atmosphere to those bathing. In one visit, there is some doubt if you will be able to experience all the pools in the complex. But, you are more than welcome to come and try!



#Tips

Bring your own towels, otherwise, you will have to buy some here.



A Closer Look :

https://youtu.be/ZWnQgHT6dFI
Váci Street
#About the Shopping Street of Budapest

The Vaci Street (Váci utca) Boulevard is the main shopping street in the city, a street of fancy stores in Budapest. The street is the main commercial and luxury area in Budapest, that begins in the local market and ends in Vörösmarty Square.

In the Middle Ages, this street was the border of the city of Pest. When the city was expanded in the 18th century, big and noble houses were built, and from the beginning of the 20th century it became a shopping street full of life and commerce. You can find endless fast food chains here next to massive ancient stores for ceramics, and popular fashion icons like Zara and H&M. Of course, when you need to eat or drink there are many cafes, next to different styles of restaurants and food stalls more or less successful. In the large market at the edge of the street there are great and affordable food stalls.

It is good to know that Vaci Street is no longer a place to great finds like it used to be. There are more tourist traps than in other parts of the city, and many stores sell the same souvenirs as everywhere else. There are special places for shopping here. It is good to mention that from the popular street small alleyways lead to quiet areas and secret hidden corners, but you really need to look hard to find them.




#Tips

Vaci Street Boulevard is active between 9:00 am and 6:00 pm, and on Saturdays from 9:00 am to 2:00 pm.

In the southern and calmer section of the street, near the large market, there are nice souvenir stores.



A Closer Look at the Vaci Street Boulevard:

https://youtu.be/bIpwC2k0bAs
Hungarian Parliament Building
#About the Luxurious Parliament Building of Budapest

The Hungarian Parliament Building (Országház) is located on the eastern bank of the Danube River, and is one of the largest Parliament Buildings in the world, and the largest building in Hungary. With almost 700 rooms, hundreds of statues and endless prestigious and luxury, the building, built in the neo-Gothic style, is considered not only huge and impressive, but also beautiful. It is located on the banks of the Danube River and is a symbol of Hungarian Democracy and for the city of Budapest.

20 years and huge sums of money were invested by the Hungarians in the Hungarian Parliament Building, which used to be considered the most expensive building in Europe. Its building began in 1885, before the 1000 years celebration for the Hungarian Empire, that was set for 1896. Hungary, who longed for an impressive symbol to respect this honor, appointed the Jewish architect Imre Steindl to plan the building. Steindl would never get to see the impressive building he designed. He became blind during the construction, and was not at the inauguration ceremony, because he passed away only a few months prior.

The building, which took about 20 years to finish, was worked on by over 1,000 men. About 40 million bricks were used in the construction of the huge and impressive building, from which about half a million are gemstones. About 40 kilos of gold was invested in the decorations.

So for the celebrations of the millennium, the construction was not finalized and continued until 1904, but the Hungarians tend to say that even now construction is never-ending. They mean the expensive restorations and preservations that take place here all the time.



#Some Numbers

The parliament building has 691 rooms and giant halls.

The total length of the staircases in the building equals 20 kilometers.

The impressive dome at the head of the building is 96 meters tall.

At the length of 268 meters and the width of 118 meters, the area of the building is 17,700 square meters.



#Tips

The entrance to the building is only with organized tour groups.

Try getting to the tours in the building as early as possible.

Each day there are tours in the Parliament Building. See the link below the times for the tours in many different languages.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/qjLb8DhiCKk?t=19s


A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/xspwTs2cY1M?t=1m44s



Photos of the Luxurious Parliament Building:

https://youtu.be/fmAeAZUJNPc
Great Market Hall
#About the Big Market of Budapest

The Big Market Hall (Tolbuhin Korut) or the covered market of Budapest, is one of the original and large markets in Europe, and in Hungary especially. The market is located in a building of the old train station, and food stalls are on the ground floor and the rest of the shops are on the second floor.

This is a wonderful and rich market for food. It is located at the edge of Vaci Street Boulevard, the main shopping street of Budapest, and has become the largest tourist market in the city.

Don't miss a chance to visit this market. On the first floor fruits, vegetables, cheese, and different kinds of meats are sold. The undoubted ruler of this market is the paprika, the symbol of the Hungarian kitchen, that decorates all the stalls. Paprika can be bought here in all sorts of flavors and different packaging. You can buy paprika in tin cans or designed wool bags.

On the second floor of the market, you can buy hand stitched table clothes, hand made embroidery, Matryoshka dolls, glass vases, and kitchen utensils. The prices are fairly cheap, even though it is crowded with tourists.

In the food area, you can taste from the local and loved stalls. This can be seen as a hugely popular restaurant with many kitchens, where delicious Hungarian food can be eaten, simple and cheap.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/vwkfJ5mr6ek


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.