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Museo Nacional del Prado
Museo Nacional del Prado
#About the Big Museum of Madrid

Around the Paseo del Prado Avenue, you will find the Golden Triangle of Art - the three important and main museums of Madrid. One of them is the Museo Nacional del Prado, the largest museum in Madrid and one of the largest classical painting museums in the world.

The large collections at the Prado are displayed in an impressive neo-Classical building. The building was designed by architect Juan de Villanova, during the rule of the Bourbon king, Carlos III. Here you will find an impressive variety of creations. There are collections here gathered by the kings of Spain throughout the years, and famous Italian paintings, who the Catholic kings were patrons for.

The museum is massive, and because of that, you will not be able to see all the art displayed here. The museum has more than 5,000 drawings, about 1,000 coins, and medallions, about 700 statues, and over 800 paintings. At all times, only one-seventh of the items are displayed, and therefore it is recommended to see the temporary exhibits when you are planning on visiting.

Take a look at the museum building, which before it became a museum, it was used as a palace.


Entrance is free to the Prado Monday-Saturday between 6 pm to 8 pm. On Sundays and holidays the free hours are 5 pm to 7 pm. The lines are massive so we recommend arrive an hour, even an hour and a half prior.

A Closer Look at the Museum:

Plaza de Oriente
Plaza de Oriente
#About Madrid's "Eastern Square"

The square located next to the Royal Palace and the Opera House, Plaza de Oriente, it is one of the most impressive squares in the city. The well-maintained gardens, with more than 40 statues representing the royal family, and the fountain among them make the place into a pretty and especially pleasant park, perfect for a place to relax in the middle of the day.

At the center of the square is a statue of King Philip IV, a king that was crowned at an early age and was in charge of many wars, who impoverished and weakened Spain.

Plaza de Oriente, located to the east of the Royal Palace, was established by the King of France, Joseph Bonaparte, Napoleon's brother. He tried to help the city and invest in it. Not that this helped him since most of the residents of Madrid hated him.

Today, the square is open only to pedestrians, which make it a really nice place. If you come to Madrid in the summer, try going for an evening walk and enjoying the square's full glory.

A Visit:


A Closer Look:

Parque del Buen Retiro
Parque del Buen Retiro
#About the Park Whose Gardeners are Considered Artists

Parque del Buen Retiro is a central and important park in the Spanish capital, and the most beautiful. Its beauty and maintenance are special, and this is what has won the hearts of the Madrid residents.

The park, whose name translates to "nice and relaxing," is also a sculptor garden, and a place for relaxing in the middle of the busy city. So, if you were looking for a place to rest a little from the trip - this is the perfect place to pass the time.

The garden was established in 1633, in the time of King Philip IV. It should not be surprising that this area was used as his hunting grounds.

Water fountains, wooded groves, organized flower beds, neo-Classical columns, and impressive statues, all this can be seen here. If you like sailing, at the heart of the park there is a beautiful garden just for that.

Near the lake you can see the Alfonso XII monument, the large monument has a column in the center, and on top a statue of the king on a horse. The monument is in memory of the King of Spain.

One of the most beautiful buildings in the park is the Palacio de Cristal, a glass building that was built in 1887 and was a greenhouse. Today, it is an exhibit space.

Notice the statue of the devil located in the southern end of the park. It is located near the rose garden, and right nearby there is the largest book market in Madrid.

The population that comes here is usually really varied. It includes families with children, couples, and students from the area. It is only natural that performers would come here, like jugglers and artists, that come to show off their skills.

Many family attractions are offered for visitors: starting from sporting facilities, fountains and picnic areas, street performers and artists.


Bring a bottle of premade sangria, that can be purchased in ever supermarket or kiosk, and take a few hours in the park.

In the park there is a free wing of the Reina Sofía Museum for modern art. Enjoy!

A Closer Look at the Parque del Buen Retiro:


Another Look:

Palacio Real de Madrid
Palacio Real de Madrid
#About the Largest and Most Beautiful Royal Palace in Europe

No simple palace, the Palacio Real de Madrid, in a neo-Classical style, is one of the main tourist attractions. This is without a doubt one of the most impressive royal palaces in all of Europe.

The palace is located in Plaza de Oriente. Its size is huge, and it contains more than 2,800 rooms. It began as a fortress surrounded by a wall, from which Madrid's journey began, in the 16th century, to become the Spanish capital.

The palace as it is seen today was built throughout the 18th and 19th centuries. In the distant past, it was used at the residential home of King Juan Carlos I. Today, ceremonies and royal celebrations take place here, for it is the official home of the Spanish royal family, though it is not where they actually live.

#What Can Be Seen Here?

As long as there are no official ceremonies taking place here, you can enter the palace. Even if such ceremonies take place and you cannot enter the palace, it is worth the sight from the square.

Either way, if you get inside the palace, you can see the halls of kings, the impressive dining rooms, items of value that have been saved here, and the art pieces, musical instruments, furniture and more. Be sure to notice the decorations in the palace- all highly valuable, and very impressive.

No less impressive are the art creations spread around the palace rooms. They vary from pieces by famous Spanish artists, including Goya, Velázquez, Rubens, and El Greco, as well as frescoes by great artists. All this makes the palace a sort of central museum in the Spanish capital.

Here Spain signed the agreement to join the European Union in 1985. In the palace, there is also an art exhibit.

When you exit outside, make time for the palace gardens, where there are wonderful gardens, huge lawns, and natural green sceneries.

A Closer Look:


How the Royal Family Looking in the Balcony:


Video Presentation:


Must See in Madrid

Plaza Mayor
Plaza Mayor
#About Madrid's Largest Square

Plaza Mayor is a crowded and lively square, especially during the evening hours, when it comes to life. In the evenings, the atmosphere here is great. Musical sounds of Flamenco can be heard, smells of food and alcohol will reach you from all around, the restaurants in the area, the tapas bars spread in the square and the area itself.

The square is built in a symmetrical rectangular shape. Its name has been changed a few times throughout history, different names like Republic Square, and Square of the Masses. The meaning of the name Plaza Mayor is "central square," and is a familiar name in most Spanish cities.

Plaza Mayor can hold up to 50,000 visitors. It was built within only 2 years, and was completed in 1617. Its length is 120 meters, and is 90 meters wide.

The building of the square was at the initiation of King Philip II, but only happened in the days of Philip III, King of Spain and Portugal in the 17th century. Plaza Mayor has always been used for public activities in the city. Even before the square existed in the soon-to-be Spanish capital, this square was a market for vendors, placed outside the walls of the fortress, which meant that the vendors did not have to pay taxes.

In the 19th century, the square became a main attraction, for a few events that took place here. There were celebrations, crownings, tournaments, religious ceremonies, and even executions, that were considered then public entertainment. Until today, many significant events in Madrid are held here with the Mayor, different artists, and the city's residents filling the square.

Around the square are a number of interesting points. Restaurants and cafes, though they may be expensive, are nice tourist attractions. If you want to save money and be with the locals, just walk around the small alleyways in the south-western area of Plaza Mayor.

In the south-western corner of the square you will see the Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In the plaza outskirts there is the San Miguel Market, a covered market offering a variety of products to sell.

A Closer Look at Plaza Mayor:


A Look Around:


A View from Above:

El Rastro Market
El Rastro Market
#About Madrid's Nice Flea Market

If you are a flea market fan, Madrid also has a successful market. The El Rastro Market in the La Latine neighborhood is open on Sundays, throughout the whole year. With the years it has gained popularity, and is considered a really good flea market.

The name Rastro means street, and the market received its name for its past as a slaughterhouse from the 16th century. The streets were paved with blood, as butchers carried the animals from the hills where they were slaughtered to the square below.

Actually, many locals come here for a classic Sunday - visit the market in the morning, and from there go to lunch and entertainment in the squares of Santa Ana or the La Latina area, a concentration of recommended tapas bars, for an outing that mostly ends in the small hours of the night.

Vendors of antiquities come to the Madrid flea market from around the world to buy and sell their products. You can find here more or less everything - starting from shoelaces, working tools, furniture from past centuries, ancient and luxurious design items.

Don't forget to haggle, vendors here will ask high prices for their products. Be sure to protect your personal items from pickpocketers.


The market spreads around the narrow streets around the Plaza de Cascorro and Calle de la Ribera de Curtidores.

Arrive early - especially in summer. There are more finds and fewer crowds.

Feel free to haggle! It is allowed and accepted here.

Beware of pickpocketers - bring only what you absolutely need here. Don't leave your phone and wallet in your back pocket, and place your backpack in front of your body.

Hungry? Next to the market there is the best concentration of tapas bars that are nice and delicious, with great beers.

A Visit:


A Day at the El Rastro Market:

Gran Via
Gran Via
#About the Central Avenue and the Heaven for Shopping Lovers in Madrid

The Gran Via Avenue, is the main street in the city of Madrid. This is not only because of all the different stores, but thanks to the architecturally impressive buildings on the street. The best Spanish architects took part in building the buildings on Gran Via, the ones you see around you.

The avenue itself was built in the 20th century. The original purpose of the street, build in the 19th century, was to connect between Puerta de Alcalá to Plaza de Espana.

In 1904 the plans were finally approved, and a few years later, construction began. In 1929 construction was completed.

During the Civil War period, the name of the street changed a few times, for everyone who ruled wanted to give it its own name.

Today, the avenue is crowded and luxurious. There are movie theaters, fascinating luxury homes, huge stores, and more. You can see here the Central Bank, the Communication Palace, and many other public buildings. On one side of the square there is Plaza de Espana, and on the other side the Paseo del Prado.

If the name Gran Via is familiar to you, that is because it is popular for street names around Spain - in Barcelona, Zaragoza, and Madrid. If your accommodation is near the Gran Via, it means you have a great place to stay!

A Little Gran Via Atmosphere:

Plaza de Cibeles
Plaza de Cibeles
#About the Square with the Great Fountain

With the years, the square became the most well-known neo-Classical square in Madrid, Plaza de Cibeles is one of the brightest symbols of the Spanish city.

At the center of the square is the Fuente de Cibeles, showing the goddess of nature of the Phrygian religion, Cybelle, leading a carriage led by a couple of lions. The fountain was designed by sculptor Ventura Rodríguez, and took 5 years to complete in the days of King Carlos III. The statue of the goddess was created by Francis Gutierrez, and the lions by Roberto Michel.

If you wondered, as befitting the most beloved square, the fans, the residents of the city and even the players themselves, celebrate the triumph of the popular soccer team, Real Madrid. From here the square also gained its popularity and became especially popular among local residents.

A Closer Look at the Plaza de Cibeles:


Valle de Los Caidos
Valle de Los Caidos
#About the Megalomaniac Memorial Site for War Victims of the Spanish Civil War

The Spanish Civil War took place between 1936-1939, and was a hard war with many victims. One of the sites to honor the victims, and the most impressive one, is the Valle de Los Caidos.

The large monument is impressive, and located next to Madrid, in the Guadarama Mountain range. It was built between 1940-1958.

The monument is made from a large wide space, that from the start was meant for a place for ceremonies to take place, in the memory of the fallen, and for the new government. However, these ceremonies never took place, and after the opening ceremony, the space has never been used again.

In the monument there is also the longest church in the world. This is a basilica whose length is 262 meters. It was cut through the stone at a depth of 250 meters, by prisoners of the Republic. The construction was difficult, and many workers died during this time. Above the door at the entrance to the church you can see the statue by Pietà of Juan de Avaros.

Above the church, you can see a huge cross, at the height of 150 meters above the tall mountain. This cross can be seen from far away. If you climb to the base of the cross, you will see a magnificent view of the entire area.

The idea to construct this monument came from General Francisco Franco, at the one-year anniversary of his victory and power over Spain. He announced his plans for this special site, where victims would be commemorated. His purpose was to try and heal the wounded nation, and bring it back to its feet. This is after the trauma of the Civil War, where many Spaniards were hurt, either in Franco's armies or on the other side. 40,000 soldiers that fought in that war, on either side, were buried here.

By the way, years later, Franco was also buried alongside these soldiers. Next to him is also buried his friend and Fascist political party organizer Primo de Rivera.

A Closer Look:


A View from Above:

Plaza de Toros Las Ventas
#About the Most Famous Bullfighting Arena in the World

Like in many places in Spain, in the past there was bullfighting in Madrid as a popular form of entertainment. At the beginning of the 20th century, the old arena was unable to hold the audience that wanted to come see the bullfights. This is when one of the greatest bullfighters of the time, José Gómez Ortega, declared the need to create a bigger stadium that is more respectable, that will enable all the city's residents to arrive and watch the bullfights. The idea and the works were given to the architect José Espeliú.

The Jardón family, one of the richest in Madrid, were the ones who donated the land to the city. Then a deal was struck that they will be given management over the new stadium for its first 50 years. The agreement was signed in 1920, and the building was finalized in 1929.

And so, in 1931 the new Las Ventas arena opened. Today, it is considered one of the most important bullfighting arenas in the world. The architect José Espeliú planned it in a neo-Mori style. The diameter of the arena is about 65 meters, and it can hold up to 25,000 people. The seats spread around 10 exits, and prices vary depending on the lighting that the rows closer to the arena.

The length of the fights can be between two to three hours, that mostly begin at 6:00 pm. The bullfighting season is between March to December, mostly on Sundays and holidays.

The arena is located in the Salamanca neighborhood in east Madrid, and you can reach it by all forms of public transportation - underground trains and public buses.

A Closer Look at Las Ventas:


Bull Fighting in the Area:

Puerta del Sol
#About the Madrid City Center and its Demonstration Square

The Puerta del Sol Square, meaning "The Gate of the Sun," is the heart of the city and its central point. It is lively and popular with tourists and locals. For many generations there have been quite a few historical events that have made it famous and very important. Originally, by the way, it was adjacent to the eastern walls of the city and only in the 18th century it became a central square within the old city of Madrid.

Around the square you can see the traditional little shops that will sell you all kinds of interesting items and beautiful souvenirs. Pay attention to their colorful wooden doors. In the center of the square are a number of sculptures - the statue of King Carlos III, the Casa de Kraus and the Clock Tower, which was erected in 1866 and the clock on which knocks twelve knocks.

The source of the name "Square of the Sun" is from the symbol that was on an ancient gate that was in the city, from which one could enter the city. At the corner of the square is the distance marker, from which the distances are measured in Spain. In other words, in the heart of the square is the 0 point, the point from which all the main roads in Spain cross and the distances are measured. You'll probably see tourists gathering around and take pictures excitedly. It was also referred to in the cinema, in the film "Mile 0," in which the characters turned the point into their meeting spot.

The square, often referred to simply as the "Sol", is also an exit point for many tours of the city center.

If you came to Madrid in the cold season, consider that on December 31, New Year's Eve, there will be a great celebration and a lot of excitement and noise.

#About the Sculptures in the Square

Although Guidol has detailed guides on the statues separately, there are a few central statues in the square to say a few words about:

The statue of King Carlos III is an impressive statue placed here in 1997. Carlos was the king of Spain, who transferred it to the era of education and industrialization and is considered one of those responsible for becoming a more modern kingdoms

The bear statue and the mulberry tree, which you will see in another part of the square, is a statue of a bear touching the fruits of the mulberry tree. This statue weighs about 20 tons and appears on the flag of the city of Madrid. There are arguments about exactly what the bear and the tree symbolize, but we have prepared a separate guide just for this statue.


Shopping enthusiasts may be interested in all the surroundings of the square and the large department store El Corte Ingles spread over a number of buildings.

From the square there are 3 pedestrian streets, the Al-Carmen pedestrian street, the Praçados pedestrian street and the pedestrian street of Montara, all leading to Gran Via, the main street of Madrid.

Every evening there are fascinating musicians and curious street artists. Fun!

Piazza Puerta del Sol:


new Year's Eve:

Templo de Debod
#About the Ancient Temple that Egpyt Gave to Spain as a Present

The Templo de Debod is an ancient Egyptian temple that is located in the well-maintained Parque del Oeste.

The temple was moved from its original spot in south Egypt, when it was given as a gift to the Spanish government in 1968. The gift was given by the Egyptian government, as a thank you gesture for a Spanish team of architects, who were brought through UNESCO, for preserving temples like the Abu Simbel Temples, that were in danger during the construction of the Aswan Dam and the flooding created in Nassar Lake.

In 1968 the temple was moved to Spain and rebuilt near the Royal Palace of Madrid, not far from Plaza de Espana. This is a small temple with one floor. Many stairs lead to it in the park, for it is located on a hill, from which is a beautiful view. Around the temple are pools, and two of the three original gates. The pools create beautiful reflections, that look really nice in photos.

#About the Temple Itself

The Templo de Debod is an ancient Egyptian temple built originally in southern Egypt.

This is a temple from the 4th century AD, on whose interior walls can be seen ancient Egyptian inscriptions. It was originally dedicated to God Amun. The steps leading to the display of a model where it was located in Egypt, from where it was brought to Spain.

The building began in the ancient times by Kushite king of Meroë. Originally, it held only a small prayer room, and was dedicated as a prayer place for the God Amun. The steps lead to a nice display about Egypt, where the temple was originally located.

In 1968 the temple was moved to Madrid, the capital of Spain, and rebuilt here, exactly like the original.


The temple is open until 1:00 pm daily, try arriving in the morning, as early as possible.

A Closer Look:

Plaza de Espana
#About the Statue of Don Quixote, his Servant Sancho Pancho and the Author Who Wrote about Them

Plaza de Espana, is a large and green square, located at the end of Gran Via - the main shopping avenue in Madrid. In the square there is a large fountain and lots of pretty greenery. It is the perfect place if you are looking for a little rest from the urban walking, and still want to be in a vibrant urban environment.

At the center of the square is a monument in memory of the national author Miguel de Cervantes, who wrote the novel about Don Quixote. Many have made him into a national and cultural hero, because of his ability to present words of help and frustration of the Spanish nation, that come into action by Don Quixote's battles for the windmills. The statue presents Cervantes himself, as he looks onto the two characters: two bronze statues places under him, one of Don Quixote, and the other of his trusted servant, Sancho Pancho.

It is not for nothing that this whole area filled up with skyscrapers, this is one of the busiest intersections in Madrid. Two of the most prominent skyscrapers at in Plaza de Espana are Edificio Espana (built in 1947, and was built with modern elements and new buildings styles, along with traditional Spanish style), and not far is the Torre de Madrid, which for years has been the tallest building in Madrid.

A Closer Look at Plaza de Espana:

Museo de Arte Reina Sofía
#About the Museum for Temporary Exhibits for Spanish Art

Most boast about museum's permanent exhibits, and just check out the temporary exhibits. In the Museo de Arte Reina Sofía, there are many temporary exhibits. Actually, in each visit here you will probably see completely different works of art.

The museum excels in the Spanish artistic advancement starting from 1900, and until the 1970's. There is also an open art library for the general public, with a collection of over 10,000 books, almost 4,000 recordings and over 1,000 video clips.

In the display you can see a variety of art by famous artists. You might see works here by Dali, Miro, Julio Gonzales, with a strong emphasis on Picasso's fantastic works.

Notice the famous work by Picasso, "Guernica," for the huge size does not get close to the story that stands behind it. The painting was painted after the tough German bombings over the Spanish town of Guernica, during the Civil War of 1937. The terrible bombing killed 2,000 residents of the small town. In this amazing work of art, you can see the terrors of war in black and white. In the space where the painting is displayed, you can see the paintings that were made by Picasso before and during its creation.

The museum is one of three named the Golden Triangle of Art - the area where there are three main museums around the Paseo del Prado. One of them is the Museo de Arte Reina Sofía, and then there are also the Prado Museum and the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum.

A Closer Look at the Museo de Arte Reina Sofía in Madrid:

Mercado de San Miguel
#About the Market that is One of the Best Food Spots in Madrid

Mercado de San Miguel is a covered market in Madrid that operates in an impressive building made of metal and glass, with traditional food and many Spanish dishes and drinks. The building of the market was built at the start of the 20th century, and opened in 2009, after 6 long years of renovations and reconstruction. In contrast to other markets, this market is well maintained and cleaned. The cleaning staff keeps it at high standards.

Even though its important role as a tourist destination, you will find locals here as well. Locals also love to buy from the many products that this place has to offer. There is everything here - fish, fresh meat, seafood, sausages, cheeses, fruits, vegetables, baked goods, cakes, beers, and more.

If you are getting ready for a makeshift dinner, you can buy here everything you need from the many ingredients. You will also find dozens of cheap tapas stalls, and delicious, where you can taste the local flavors - stalls for cheeses, oysters, fish, empanadas, and more. If you do not like tapas, there are homey restaurants, pubs, and cafes.

The authenticity and atmosphere in the market will do its job, even if anyone has arrived here full and just wants to walk around the stalls. A great walk is guaranteed, filled with smells and colors, Spanish voices, and authenticity all around.


Come as early as possible - the sights are great and the food is fresh and delicious.

Beware of pickpocketers - watch your bags, phones. and wallets, make sure they are not in your back pocket. Put your bag in front of you.

Cash only - most stalls only receive cash.

A Close Look at the San Miguel Market:


The Great and Cheap Food Here:

Museu Thyssen-Bornamiza
#About the Museum that was Born From the World's Largest Private Art Collection

The purpose of the Thyssen-Bornamiza Museum (Museu Thyssen-Bornamiza) was to present the collection of art acquired by the Spanish government from the Baron Hans Heinrich Thyssen-Bornamiza in 1993. It was probably the most important private collection in the world - by Baron Thyssen-Bornamiza. It was opened to the general public in 1992 and expanded in 2004.

In the museum you can see about 300 works, created from the 13th century until today. On the ground floor you can see the variety of modernist creations. On the first floor you will see the Dutch works from the 17th and 18th centuries. Here you will see a lot of Impressionist and Post Impressionist works. On the second floor are the details of the ancient collection, including a collection of Italian painters (also known as "primitive"), a collection of portraits, paintings by various Renaissance painters, including Titian and El Greco and Baroque paintings, such as those of Bernini and others.

Together with the Prado Museum and the Reina Sofia Museum, Thyssen-Bornamiza is one of the three museums known as the "Golden Triangle of Art" - the area where the three main museums around Paseo del Prado are located.


On Mondays the entrance to the museum is free

If you are limited in time, this museum is a little less significant than the Prado Museum and Reina Sofia.

A Closer Look at the Thyssen Bornemisza Museum in Madrid:

Museo Arqueológico Nacional
#About the Most Important Archeological Museum in Spain

The Museo Arqueológico Nacional is a whole world of ancient items from the country throughout different periods in history, the time of ancient Greece, Rome, and more. With a tour of the museum you can learn about the rich Spanish history, and the past cultures that ruled here, starting from the Stone Age, until today.

The museum was built in the 19th century, in 1867. It was planned by the architect Francisco Jareño y Alarcón, and its original purpose was to store collections of the Kings of Spain in various fields. These fields ranged from ethnography, archeology, Numismatics, meaning money, and decorative art pieces.

In the museum notice the findings from the ancient culture Los Millares, that was here before the Copper Age, in the third century AD. More interesting cultures are the Bell Beaker culture, named after its typical drinking vases, the ancient culture El Arger, and the Megalithic culture, who left their stamp in the Balearic Islands of Spain, in the shape of Taulas.

If you exit to the museum garden, you can see an amazing model of the Cave of Altamira, and the prehistoric drawings discovered inside. Spectacular paintings from the end of the Paleolithic period (Early Stone Age).

A Closer Look at the Museo Arqueológico Nacional:


Monasterio de la Encarnación
#About the Monastery from Stones and Red Bricks that Has a Museum

The Monasterio de la Encarnación was established in 1611, by the wife of King Philip III, Margarita de Austria. Her style was modest and held back, and not grandeur and too much for the eyes. The monastery combines a building with white stones and red bricks, a style that characterized many of the buildings in Spain at that time.

After a fire that burned everything in 1767, the interior design was redone by the designer Ventura Rodriguez, and has remained the same to this day. The exterior is the only part remaining of the original building.

In the monastery is a museum with interesting paintings and statues, that were given as gifts by the kings of Spain. The entrance to the museum is located in the left wing, and can be easily missed if you do not know to look for it.

Enter the museum and you can see the collections of paintings, belonging to the School of Madrid from the 17th century. Very interesting paints here by Van der Mueulen and Ribera.

A Closer Look at Monasterio de la Encarnación:


Magical Prayer Through the Window:

Campo del Moro Gardens
#About the Royal Palace Gardens of Spain

Campo del Moro Palace Gardens is a sweet green place, beautiful and flowing with flowers, fountains, and statues. These gardens, next to the Royal Palace, were designed in the Romantic British Style, at the end of the 19th century.

From the garden gate a beautiful view is seen of the Royal Palace at the top of the hill, located across the well-maintained gardens, a view that is considered the best of the palace.

Until the fall of the monarchy in 1931, the palace gardens were used only by the royalty, and were closed off to the public. They were closed during the dictatorship of Franco, and only after his death, in the 1980's were they opened to the public.

The origin of the name, Campo del Moro, is in the camp of the Muslim Army, that in the 11th century made camp here, while preparing an attack on the old city fortress.

A Closer Look:


Another Look:


The Palace in the Garden

Statue of Philip IV
#About the statue of Philip IV

In the center of Plaza de Oriente stands the statue of King Philip IV, who was king of Spain in the 17th century. The statue of Philip IV on his horse is the work of sculptor Pietro Taca. He was inspired by a painting by the famous painter Diego Velásquez.

The square is surrounded by statues of the Visigothic kings, who ruled Spain before the Arab conquest. Before they were moved to the square, the plan was that they would be placed in the royal palace. Changing times, and rising and falling prestige led the statues to find themselves transferred honorably to the Plaza de Oriente.

#About the King of Spain, Philip IV

The period of the reign of Philip IV of Spain between 1621 and 1665 does not qualify as a particularly glamorous period for the kingdom. In fact, it was a time of military and political deterioration and many residents blamed the king for the decline of Spain. There is no doubt that the king was crowned when he was probably too young, at the age of 16. Despite the fleet of advisers who stood beside him, the young king brought the kingdom into a situation that can be delicately defined as "not good." His defenders say that because of his young age, it were the advisers who ruled the kingdom at the time and were responsible for the real deterioration of Spain during his reign.

In any case, the young king's political views were adopted by his father and grandfather. He believed that he should protect the Habsburgs, support the Catholic Church, and try as much as possible to expand the territory of his family. As a result, the Spanish kingdom was weakened by a series of difficult wars waged by Spain, Holland, France, Portugal, Britain, and Protestant forces in the Holy Roman Empire.

A Closer Look at the statue:


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.