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Fifth Avenue
Fifth Avenue
#About the Avenue that Excels in Expensive Shopping

Fifth Avenue is also called the "Back Bone" of Manhattan, since it is located in the center of the city, and is a very prestigious shopping area in New York. It is actually the starting point of all the numbering of buildings on the streets that bisect the avenue.

Most of Fifth Avenue is commercial, and you will find many stores, a diamond district, office buildings and other familiar buildings, like the Empire State Building and Rockefeller Center, luxury stores such as Tiffany's, Apple, and many hotels. In the northern area of the avenue are the main museums of New York - the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Guggenheim.

The avenue is also the heart of the culture and public of New York. Many parades take place along this street throughout the year, from the St. Patrick's Day parade to the Gay Pride parade.

The avenue is the perfect spot to illustrate the definition of window shopping, even if you are not interested in buying anything in the luxury stores and in the expensive design shops, you can also enjoy their window displays for free. The area is crowded with visitors, but it is still worth the visit.



A Closer Look at the Avenue:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fCdwFgeO2o4
The Statue Of Liberty
Statue Of Liberty
#History of the Statue of Liberty

The statue is actually named "Liberty Enlightening the World" and is known by the name Statue of Liberty, created by the sculptor Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi. Originally Bartholdi planned to place the statue in the Suez Canal, but the Egyptian government could not find the funding for the construction of the statue, and the project was delayed.

Finally, it was funded by the French government, and given as a gift to the American people, and inaugurated in 1886, when the base building was funded by the readers of an American newspaper as a donation. After a few years the island on which the statue stands received the name "Liberty Island," and the statue became a symbol for New York City, and for the United States in general.

The statue is of the goddess of freedom, and who shines freedom to all continents on Earth, symbolized by her seven-thorned headpiece on her head. The torch held by the goddess lights the way for all those arriving in the United States. In her other hand, she holds a tablet with the date independence was declared in the United States, written in Roman numerals. The height of the statues from the bottom up, is a little more than 92 meters. The flame was exchanged a few years back to a torch made of gold, and the new torch was placed in the atrium inside the statue itself, from where you can climb to the top of the statue.


#What does the Statue of Liberty Symbolize?

The Statue of Liberty is the most famous symbol in the world for the free world and democracy. It symbolizes the values that America believes in, like the right for life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. It stands there, impressive and so tall on Liberty Island, overlooking the New York Harbor, standing its ground as one of the most impressive statues in the world.

The statue was designed by the sculptor Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, and the architect Gustav Eifel, and was a friendly present from the French for the 100 year anniversary for American Independence, in 1846.

The large and amazing statue, made of copper, steel and iron, is designed with classical elements and iconography. If you were wondering, Iconography is the study of symbols and images, the images and modes of description in the various arts in a certain period.

Its design is what made the statue the most amazing technical achievement of the 19th century. Visitors can climb up to the crown of the statue. The view of the port from the crown is almost incomprehensible. It is New York City and you are not dreaming!



#What Was the Colossus of Rhodes?

Emma Lazarus, a Jewish American poet, wrote her most famous song called "The New Colossus" in 1883. The first two lines of her song are etched into a metal plaque at the base of the State of Liberty in New York - "Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame, with conquering limbs astride from land to land..." So who was the brazen giant of Greek fame?

The song talks about a similar statue to the Statue of Liberty that stood more than 2,000 years ago, on the Greek island of Rhodes. The Colossus of Rhodes was a very large statue of the Greek god Helios that was 34 meters tall. It stood near the port of Rhodes, and is considered one of the ancient world wonders. The Colossus is a modern name given to the statue for its large dimensions, from the name Colosseum.

The Colossus was built in the memory of the amazing and surprising victory of the people of the small island of Rhodes over the large army that occupied the island for a year. So it was built by the decision of the island locals by the artist Chares, as a monument to the god of the sun, Helios, the patron of the island. The statue was placed at the entrance to the port where ships entered, and they used to sail through his legs.

In 226 BC the Colossus collapsed during a strong earthquake. The residents of the island saw this as the will of the gods, and it was never rebuilt. The beauty of the statue continued to impress people, even in ruins, and it was maintained by the locals in this condition for many years. During the Arab conquering of the island, the ruins were stolen and destroyed, and any remains were sold as metal scraps.



#How as the Statue Damaged During the Black Tom Explosion?

The Black Tom explosion was a terrorist attempt by German agents that happened in Jersey City in New Jersey, on July 30, 1916. The purpose of the explosion was to damage American ammunition that was on its way to the Allies during World War I. This incident, that happened before the United States officially joined the war, is famous for the damage it caused to the Statue of Liberty. However, it did no damage to the war efforts. The United States joined the fighting in the war together with the Allied forces, and defeated the Germans.


#In the movies
The Statue of Liberty has starred in many motion pictures, such as "Ex-Man," in which the super heroes fight inside her head, or covered by ice in "The Day After Tomorrow" and the "Ghostbusters II" in which Lady Liberty walks through the streets of NYC.


#Tips
In order to climb the Statue of Liberty, you need to order your place 3 weeks in advance, in the link below.



A Closer Look at the Statue of Liberty:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0r7i8riYCe0


In Ghostbusters II:

https://youtu.be/qVpyDLv4Tfs
Times Square
Times Square
#About the Most Well-Known Square in New York

The most well-known square in New York is Times Square, the lit up and festive, by dozens of large and glittering advertising signs covering the buildings around the square. These have long since become the square's trademark.

Usually, the square is crowded with visitors and tourists, and it will be easy to tell which people are seeing the square for the first time. The word square is the familiar definition of the area, though this is not a classical square, but more of a large open space between Broadway Avenue and 7th Avenue, and 42nd to 47th Street.

The Square is named after the newspaper, the New York Times, whose offices moved to the square in 1905, and has since remained there. Three weeks after the newspaper moved into the square, the first neon sign was hung up, that has since outlined the character and style of the square.

At the beginning of the 20th century, many known stars spent time here, like Charlie Chaplin and Fred Astaire, as the place developed and theaters were built, and restaurants and entertainment centers. In the 1930's, during the Great Depression, the square became the center of the sex industry, and was mainly visited by gamblers and criminals until the 1990's. At this stage, Rudolph Giuliani, the mayor of New York City at the time, cleaned up the square and crime from the questionable characters that came here, and closed the brothels.

Today you will find many giant stores, TV studios, well-known restaurants, impressive hotels and popular businesses.



#Tourists at the Square

The Square's quieter hours are in the morning, and as the day goes on more and more visitors arrive, there is no doubt that the peak hours are in the evening, when the lights and signs light up and stand out in the darkness. You will find here many attractions for tourists, and maybe this is also the reason no one misses a chance to visit here. There are 12,500 hotel rooms, occupied by 26 million visitors each year. Here are more than 250 restaurants, and about 1,500 different businesses. Street performers are spread out along the street and the square, among them artists, painters, performers, and different acts. The square is visited by 39 million visitors each year.


#Midnight on New Year's Eve in Times Square

On New Year's Eve, hundreds of thousands of tourists and locals come to the square to see the Times Square New Year's Eve Ball drop, and count down together to the new year. Every year the crystals on the Ball are designed in a different way, and are able to withstand tough weather. The Ball is lifted during the last few minutes of the end of the year, and falls 120 meters along a big metal pole during the final countdown. This is a special and moving moment, and fireworks add to the atmosphere of celebrations.



#Theaters in Broadway

In the square are 40 theaters of Broadway, that sell millions of tickets each year. Here, the biggest and famous shows are performed, the hottest shows in the United States. There are shows here for all ages. The shows are well invested in, and tickets are not sold for cheap, tickets can be between 130-160 dollars per ticket.

At the center of the square you can find a kiosk for selling discount tickets, TKS, that offers tickets that have not yet been sold for same-day shows, around a 30%-50% discount. Don't worry, if you thought you would miss the kiosk, just look for the long line that spreads at the center of the square and you will immediately see it. Good luck!


#In the movies
The square has appeared in various films. In "Vanilla Sky," it can be seen totally empty, as the scene was filmed early one Sunday morning with traffic blocked.

The giant gorilla in "King Kong" destroys everything in the square, throwing people and cars in all directions. And in the zombie movie "I Am Legend," Will Smith hunts for deer in the desolate square.


#Tips
Kids and teenagers will love the shopping in Times Square, especially the concept stores. like the M&M candy store and the video store ESPN Zone.
Central Park
Central Park
#About New York's Biggest Park

You have arrived at one of the most well-known and pleasant places in New York - Central Park.

Central Park was established in 1857, on land that was used for herding sheep, and also partly a poor neighborhood. Walking through the park is an attraction in itself, though the most magical spots can be found between the narrow pathways, between trees and bushes. You can also see nice musical performances here, take part of fun activities, both for children and adults, look towards the view from different viewpoints in the park, that overlooks the lake and the architecture of the amazing New York skyline.

Visitors to Central Park are not necessarily tourists. New Yorkers take advantage of the wide spaces for sports, for laying out on the grassy lawns, to tan or read under the open sky. With that, it shouldn't be difficult to find a quiet corner for you and a partner, and even for a nice picnic. Near the park, you will find many delis where you can buy all the ingredients you need for the meal. You can rent bikes and ride along the park, or rent a boat and row in the lake.

On pleasant spring and summer days many locals and tourists tend to arrive in Central Park to watch the shows, festivals, and different concerts performed for the public, and some of these shows are also free.

This huge park is easy to get lost in. In an area that is 4 kilometers long and 800 meters wide, you can see over 25,000 trees and 1,500 types of plants and animals.


#History of Central Park
It is not by accident that Central Park is so important in New York culture. Central Park was the first designed park in the United States, and was so because of the need to build a big public park. In order to execute this plan, New York's government conducted a competition for the design of the park, and the plan that was chosen was by Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux. Three years later the park opened.

One of the innovations in the park was a different transportation system for each purpose: sidewalks for pedestrians, special pathways for horses, and streets for carriages and vehicles, that back then did not exist. What is special about these streets that go up and down the park, is that they are embedded in the park and integrate well between the dense vegetation. It hides them from the pedestrians and maintains the nice aesthetics of the park. This is how it happened that the park has 36 bridges, each with its own style and character.

At the beginning of the 20th century the park was neglected and abandoned. From the 1960's it was considered a place of crime and criminals. Many of the residents avoided going near it. This is why the mayor La Guardia decided to rehabilitate it, and restore its image.

In 1980 a special foundation was established whose purpose was to maintain Central Park. It began with the renovation and maintenance of the park, and in 2003 the park celebrated 150 years to the park's establishment.

An especially interesting point has to do with the changing weather. The tough winter months has been endured by the park as well. In the past the lake had frozen completely during winter. Though as the years went, and construction grew around the park, the lake began freezing less and less, and today it is a rare event if the park lake freezes at all.


#The Building of Central Park
More than 80 years of building have made the park what you see in front of you today. The story of the building began in the 1840's, when several important people, including architect Andrew Downing, the author Washington Irving, and the Editor of the New York Evening Post William Bryant convinced the city municipality to buy the land, without a clear understanding what the land would be used for.

Back then the land was full of mud, and unevenly covered with trees and bushes, poor shepherds were living around the grounds in wooden shacks, with pigs and goats wandering around the rocks.

The building began in 1857 and involved 3,000 construction workers and 400 horses. They prepared the ground, cleared the ground and made it construction ready. The soil was brought straight from New Jersey, and more than 4 million trees were sent from around the world. Most of the rocks that were here previously, stayed in their place.

The building provided jobs to many of the poor residents in the area that suffered from an economic crisis, and in 1876 the park was opened to visitors officially.


#Disputes over Central Park
Central Park was the source of many disputes over the years. Each wanted the ground to be used for something else. The architect Olmsted wanted to turn the park into a place where visitors arrived to enjoy the landscape. He wanted to limit them to a passive experience and enjoyment that would allow limited use of the land. The public, though, felt that this was a perfect place for sporting activities, and the public won apparently, since over the years playgrounds were opened, a zoo, and a rocky area that is climbed by children.

However, the disputes over the area were not over. In 1899 great pressure was put on the municipality, until it finally allowed the use of cars in the park. A few decades later, the residents of Fifth Avenue also succeeded in getting the trees trimmed, that blocked their view from their expensive apartment terraces.


#The Dark Past of Central Park
Crime, drugs and violence were an inseparable part of the atmosphere, especially in the 1960's and 1970's, Central Park turned into a symbol of desperation, and a place to stay away from.

It was so intimidating, that tour guides warned visitors from walking around the park at night. What did not help the image, were the killings and murders that became the history of New York, and happened in the park itself.

One of the most well-known cases was the murder of Michael O'Sullivan. O'Sullivan was a kindly homeless person who used to spend his time around the park, especially around high school students who came to consume alcohol and drugs. The homeless man was murdered by two young 15-year-old boys.

Another terrible murder happened on the evening of July 16th, right on the same day that John Kennedy Junior's plane crashed, the son of the famous late President Kennedy. Around the park screams were heard of someone young. The young lady, whose cries were not enough to grab attention, was brutally murdered, even though this happened in one of the more populated areas of the park.

Across the street in front of the Dakota building, John Lennon, the leader of the Beatles, was murdered. In his memory a monument was placed for him with the writing 'imagine.' See more by clicking on the tag "Monuments".


#The Statues of Central Park
If you walk around the park you will notice the variety of statues that populate it. The statues are definitely worth your attention, and the most well-known of the group is probably the bronze statue that describes the story of Alice in Wonderland. It is located on the Eastern side of the lake.

On the West side of the lake you will be able to find the statue of Hans Christian Andersen, by Georg Lober. In the Bethesda Fountain you can see statues by Emma Stebbins. Near the Metropolitan Museum you can see the obelisk Cleopatra's Needle, 3,500 years old.

At the edge of the avenue "The Mall," with the pretty elm trees, you can see statues of Shakespeare, Christopher Columbus and Walter Scott.


#tips
In the winter there is a wide ice skating rink here.


A Closer Look at the Park:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wjn8QcZzmQA

Must See in New York

Broadway Street
Broadway Street
#About the Theater of New York

The street where you can see incredible shades of New York, is Broadway Street, the theater street of New York. This street is actually a long avenue that divides Manhattan into two. Broadway in English means a broad, or wide, street.

Most of the streets and avenues in Manhattan are built as cross-sections forming right-angled intersections, however Broadway Avenue goes in a diagonal way across the city, and is not parallel to any street. The reason is that Broadway was paved before the majority of the streets and avenues in Manhattan.

Today, Broadway is a second name to the theater industry. The theater district and Lincoln Center, located on the street, present a collection of shows, mostly musicals. The Broadway theaters represent the highest quality theater in the commercial English speaking world. In 2012, over a billion dollars in ticket sales were for Broadway shows, and were watched by more than 12 million visitors.

In 2010 New York declared its decision to close the street to car traffic in the busy areas of the street, to avoid issues of overcrowding. Store owners loved this idea, and began taking out chairs and picnic tables to the street, in the Times Square area.

Dozens of stores, restaurants and cafes, street performances and amazing shows - this street is the best show in town...

#Cheap Tickets

At the center of the square you can find a kiosk for selling discount tickets, TKS, that offers tickets that have not yet been sold for same-day shows, around a 30%-50% discount. Don't worry, if you thought you would miss the kiosk, just look for the long line that spreads at the center of the square and you will immediately see it. Good luck!

#Shopping in Broadway

There are hundreds of stores on Broadway Avenue, especially during the section between 8th Avenue and Canal Street, offering great shopping for designer clothing. There are expensive designer stores like Prada, as well as cheaper stores and large international brands. Try getting a glimpse of the Bloomingdales department store, where there are many surprises to be found.
Empire State Building
Empire State Building
#About the Tower that Became the Symbol of New York

The Empire State Building, a tall skyscraper in New York at the height of 443 meters, with 103 floors. It is one of the most dominant symbols of the Big Apple, and is located on the corner of Fifth Avenue and 34th Street. The Empire State Building was planned and built between 1929-1931 in the art-deco style, by William Lamb. It is considered by the American Society Of Civil Engineers as one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World.

Pretty fast after the launch of the building, this building became a Hollywood star, and has starred in quite a few movies, from romantic comedies to dramas, and action movies. There is almost no cinema enthusiast that is not familiar with the image of King Kong climbing the building from 1933. This tower is a common place for marriage proposals and in general, the amazing landscape view that extended from its upper floors made it one of the city's romantic places.

In 1931 the President of the United States Herbert Hoover pressed on a button in the White House that lit the lights of the Empire State Building. This is how this incredible building was inaugurated, back then it was the tallest building in the world. As of 2016, the building is the fifth tallest building in the United States, and 29th in the world.

The building's stairs are also somewhat of an attraction, once a year an annual race takes place in New York, where hundreds of people climb the stairs from the bottom all the way to the top of the tower.

A few statistics - this building has 6,500 windows, 73 elevators, and 1,860 stairs. It weighs no less than 365,000 tons. Occasionally, for very special events, the Empire State Building is lit up in colorful and impressive colors.



#"Dare to Dream" Exhibition

To a certain extent, the story of the Empire State Building is the story of the American dream. The exhibit "Dare to Dream" that is displayed here, presents the history, the architecture and the construction of the building. There is a lot of content from the archives of the well-known skyscraper of New York. The exhibit provides a perfect experience that lets you learn about the work of the pioneering work of the architects, the builders and workers who built it. In the exhibition you will be exposed to original documents, photographs from the time period, architectural sketches, lists and financial accounting daily documents. Additionally, you can see the photos and souvenirs that belong to more than 3,400 workers that helped make history.



#The Lights of the Empire State Building

Since 1976, the Empire State Building has been an international symbol of the New York skyline. The lights that light up on the building protect the reoccurring tradition of changing the lights according to different events along the year.

In 2012, the system was further upgraded with an LED lighting system, capable of displaying 16 million colors, which can be changed instantly. Sometimes the lights are even synchronized with music broadcasts on different radio stations and this makes the building the world's largest light organ.

On Halloween, the holiday always makes its mark on the building.

The international lighting designer Mark Birkman, is the one who planned the lights and placed the LED lights, synced with the beat of the music played in the background. 100 meters of colorful lights, spectacular and festive, can be seen from almost every corner of Manhattan.

Different artists gained the right to use the lights as part of their creations: the artist Alicia Keys, Frank Sinatra, and rapper Jay Z.



#The Story About the Plane that Crashed into the Building

The Empire State Building was the tallest building in New York for many years, with the building of the Twin Towers in 1972 the Empire State Building was bumped down to second tallest. It is unnecessary to mention that after the attacks on the Twin Towers on September 11th, 2001, it regained its title as the tallest building in New York for a certain time.

During World War II, from an airport in Massachusetts a plane departed that was meant land at the airport in New Jersey. The flight's purpose was to partake in the fighting, and was piloted by Captain Smith, who had been through 30 bombardments attempts on the European front.

When the plane got near New York it faced thick fog that limited visibility in the area. Captain Smith asked for permission to land in La Guardia Airport, but was told visibility was also bad there. The control tower ordered Smith to continue the flight over Manhattan keeping an altitude of 457 meters.

With that, the fog made its mark, and caused the pilot to lose his way. He began lowering the plane towards the landing in New York, while almost crashing into the GE Building, 259 meters high. In the last minute the pilot managed to avoid the disaster and moved out of the way, however, unfortunately, the pilot crashed into the tallest building in New York at the time, a building with 103 floors, the Empire State Building.

The plane hit the 79th floor of the building, and created a huge hole in the side of the building. One of the two engines of the plane went right across the building and fell about 270 meters until it hit the roof of another building and caused a fire. The second engine dropped down the elevator shaft in the building to the bottom, and other fragments scattered in the street below.

In the building a fire erupted, which the firefighters managed to put out miraculously after 40 minutes. Luckily, the foundations of the building were not damaged. The accident cost 14 lives, 3 crew members (2 pilots), and 11 people from inside the building. 26 people were injured. Until today, there is a mark of a missing stone in the building's exterior from the plane crash.

And, if not enough miracles happened in this building, one of the injured people were put into the elevator by the paramedics not knowing the elevator was damaged. The elevator fell down 75 floors - however the injured woman survived this insanity. This affair won a Guinness World Record.



#Architecture of the Empire State Building

The Empire State Building is considered the cultural symbol of America and is an example of the Art-Deco architecture, that developed in France and is characterized in geometrical vertical decorations. Art-Deco is a style that began developing at the start of the 20th century and gathered speed between the years 1920-1930.

To avoid the sun's light, the building was designed in a staircase-like shape - the lower floors are wide, and as the floors go up they become thinner, until reaching the top of the building.



A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/ZZrmjwwTghI



King Kong from the 1933 Movie - On the Building:

https://youtu.be/CuRQH_hLcTw
Liberty Island
Liberty Island
#About the Statue of Liberty Island

Liberty Island is the most well-known among the islands around New York Harbor. It is one of the main symbols of the city.

The island is located where the Hudson River meets the Bay. It was controlled by Holland, England, and even France for a short while. In the past, the island was used as a military port called Port Wood. For its special shape, the island won the nickname "Star Post." Throughout the years it has been given many other nicknames, like "Great Oyster Island, " "Love Island," and more.

Today, the island belongs to the federal government of the United States. Since the 2001 terror attack on 9/11, it is protected 24 hours a day by the United States Coast Guard.


#History of Liberty Island

In 1746 the island was purchased by Archibald Kennedy, at the price of 100 pounds, to build a summer home. Though the state confiscated part of the island in order to establish an observation site to warn neighboring cities against enemy invasions.

In 1756, while an epidemic was raging in Philidelphia, the island was used to enclose those suffering of Smallpox. In 1759 New York purchased the island for 1,000 pounds.

Today, you can see the Statue of Liberty on the island, and it is not inhabited by anyone. You can arrive here by ferry that leaves from Battery Park on Manhattan, and also from Liberty State Park in Jersey City, New Jersey.

In 1877 Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi offered to create the statue "Liberty Enlightening the World." In 1916, the statue was damaged in the Black Tom explosion.

In 1924 the statue was declared a National Monument, and in 1933 the island moved to the ownership of the Interior Department, overseen by the Parks and Recreation Department. The remains from the Fort are used as the base for the statue, but most of what was here was destroyed between 1944-1950.



#How the Statue was Damaged in the Black Tom Explosion

The Black Tom explosion was a terror attack by German agents, that took place in Jersey City in New Jersey, on July 30th, 1916.

The plan was to destroy American ammunition that was on its way to the Allied forces during World War I. During this incident, the United States had not yet declared it was joining the war, is famous for the damage it caused the Statue of Liberty.
Ellis Island Immigration Museum
Ellis Island Immigration Museum
#About the Museum

The Immigration Museum on Ellis Island helps visitors learn about the past of people who immigrated to the United States, and this attraction is fit for the whole family. The museum opened in 1990, and is located in an impressive 3-story building. The planner of the building replicated the look and feel of the building that stood here in the 20rth century.

The island was used by the immigration department of the United States, and through here about 12 million immigrants passed, on their way to New York, at the end of the 19th century and towards the beginning of the 20th century. Back then, 98% were allowed to enter the United States, and about 2% were returned to their home countries.

The process of immigrating to the United States took about half a day - it began with a medical exam (to ensure that whoever entered was healthy and not bringing in any disease or illnesses), afterwards, a personal interview where immigrants had to explain their reasons for coming to America. Stories tell that back then the immigration building was neglected, and the police force scared the immigrants.

The interactive museum has documents, photos, videos and even theater pieces. There is a monument where 420,000 families of immigrants were commemorated.

The Museum and Ellis Island:

https://youtu.be/wckFtoHSqKw


Ground Zero
Ground Zero
#About Ground Zero

Not many know this, but the term Ground Zero does not refer to the place where the Twin Towers stood, but describes a point on the ground where there is an explosion. Mostly it is referred to in the case of atomic or other large bombs and was first used in a New York newspaper 'The Times' when describing "Ground Zero" in Japan.

In recent years, not surprisingly, the term has been coined for the destruction area after the 9/11 terror attack in New York in 2001. Two kidnapped planes crashed into the Twin Towers, known as the World Trade Center, and the towers collapsed and thousands of people were killed.

Since the cornerstone was laid until it was opened to visitors 11 years later, there was great fear of additional terrorist attacks. Only in 2006 was a plan approved for a new building designed by an architectural team led by David Childs. In the complex you can find the memorial for the events of September 11th, the museum that memorializes the events, and a white oak tree, a survivor of the disaster, that is nicknamed the 'Survival Tree."

Many of the city's tourists come here to pay respect to the 3,000 victims who lost their lives here. Every year, on September 11th, a memorial ceremony takes place here, called "Tribute in Light." During the ceremony, two vertical beams of light are projected, resembling the towers that stood here.
New York Stock Exchange
#About the Most Famous Stock Exchange in the World

The New York Stock Exchange building was built in 1817. The Stock Exchange is the largest in the United States and the second largest in the world in the number of companies that trade here. Today, over 3,000 companies are traded here, equaling about $20,000 billion. Before 1817 the stock exchange was operating, only it was located in Wall Street itself.

The Stock Exchange was built on the corner of Wall Street and Broad Street in Manhattan. It is managed by the stock exchange board of directors, which handles the day-to-day operation of stock exchange systems, handling of listed companies and the approval of new candidates as stock exchange members.

About half of all trade occurs here, and the other half electronically over the computers. Each hour, huge amounts of money is traded here, with thousands of different stocks and values.

The New York Stock Exchange was established in 1792, northeast of where the building is located today. The original building reminds of a Greek temple, where Federal Hall sits. From here you can see the statue of George Washington that was placed here a few years earlier, after he was sworn in as President of the United States.


#Wall Street's History

It's amazing to think how such a small street, almost an alleyway in south Manhattan, turned into the most important place in the world of finance.

In downtown Manhattan, a long time ago Wall Street was built along a wooden fence (wall), created to protect the island, for fear of a British invasion. No remains of the fence are left today, but when it was still standing, in 1685, Wall Street was paved 32 years after the fence.

Later, stocks began being traded, and the local stock exchange was created. In the southern states, like Virginia and Georgia, there were already stock exchanges, and also in Canada to the north. Anyways, this incredible and almost unexplainable phenomena began happening, and it became the New York Stock Exchange, the same one that sits in the small street in Manhattan, the central nervous center of the world's businesses.

This happened because in Manhattan sat the Bank of New York. In 1792 the bank procured 24 stockbrokers, people who traded stocks, for a conference where it was agreed to begin selling stocks in an organized market. Naturally, the stock exchange that was chosen was in Manhattan, and the first stock to be traded, was for the Bank of New York, the founder and first member of the stock exchange.

After the end of the War of 1812, the building of the stock exchange began, and it began to expand. Three years later, a book of rules was legislated, Book of Laws and Regulations of the New York Stock Exchange, and in 1817 all the brokers of New York came together on 40 Wall Street.
Greenwich Village
#About the Neighborhood

This fun residential neighborhood, Greenwich Village, offers visitors peace and quiet, together with a bohemian atmosphere, vibrant and lively. This neighborhood is named after Greenwich in London, and is famous as a bohemian center and the gay and lesbian community.

This neighborhood has developed many artists, among them Bob Dylan. For the mass demand for apartments, the prices have risen a lot, and most of the residents are families in good standing.

Look around. You can be impressed by the brown houses and greenery around. On weekends you can have fun hanging around bars and clubs here. If you are looking for something calmer, feel free to go into one of the galleries in Greenwich Village, and drink coffee with hot baked goods.

At the north end of the Village, you will find Washington Square, where you will for sure see students having fun and relaxing, street performers, acrobats, chess players, and all types of people.

Greenwich Village is one of those places that gives you a feeling of a small village in the midst of a large city. Go and have a blast!



Greenwich Village Vibes:

https://youtu.be/NDwUEjkL1Jg


A Few Village Experiences:

https://youtu.be/AN4bWGUoX7s
Metropolitan Museum of Art
#About "the Met" Art Museum

For art enthusiasts, a visit to the Metropolitan Museum of Art is more than necessary. Though the full name of the museum is the Metropolitan Museum of Art, people refer to it by its nickname, the Met. It is one of the largest and most important museums in the world. It is located on 'Museum Avenue' in New York City.

The museum opened in 1872, and is on the eastern side of Central Park. In the permanent exhibits of the museum there are more than three million displays that surveys human cultures for the past 5,000 years, from the prehistoric period up to today.

In the Metropolitan Museum you will find art in many categories, classical, ancient, Asian, Oceanic, African, Islamic and modern. All this is displayed in no less than 19 huge halls, each one dedicated to a different topic.

Keep in mind that the museum is large and the visit may take time. This experience requires meticulous planning and decisions about what to give up and what to see, but if you have limited time, it is recommended to arrive at the Temple of Dendur located in the Egyptian wing. The structure was copied and presented just as it was in Egypt in 1967.

Among the recommended ones here are the European Sculpture Garden and the rooms devoted to the paintings of Vermeer and Rembrandt. The museum also offers free guided tours, which are carried by volunteers and museum staff.


#In the movies:
The Met steps featured in the TV teen drama "Gossip Girl" and in the "Ocean’s 8" Crime film.


A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://youtu.be/OTsqUNGFYlM


A Tour:

https://youtu.be/81cOWV3-xxs
Rockefeller Center
#About the Center

The city's business center in New York is one of the leading destinations for tourists. The center is named after John D. Rockefeller Junior, who leased the land from Columbia University in 1928. The center was developed between the years 1929-1940, and the estimated cost of the construction was around $250 million. In the construction over 4,000 workers took part. The official inauguration of the building was in 1933.

The complex is divided into two areas: one was built in the art-deco style in the 1920's, and the other includes modern buildings from the 1960's and 1970's. The complex spreads out on 88,000 square meters and has 19 office buildings. Rockefeller Center was purchased by the Mitsubishi Corporation in the 1980's.

Originally, John Rockefeller Junior planned to make the complex an opera and cultural center, however in 1929, with the stock market crash and the big slump that followed, the plan went down the drain. Instead of the original plan, began Rockefeller to develop the land and build office and residential buildings. After the family members were convinced that their name would attract high-level residents, they decided to call the center "Rockefeller Center."

Here you will find the center for music for Radio City Music Hall, the studios of NBC, the famous Atlas Statue, and more. There are also more than 100 stores and 40 restaurants and cafes.



#The Center's Viewpoint Terrace

In 2005 the Center's viewpoint platform was re-opened, located in "The Top of the Rock." The terrace has a wonderful view, and it even competes with the view that can be seen from the Empire State Building.

The terrace opened for the first time in 1933, and was decorated in the style of a huge shop - with comfortable chairs and an air vent. In 1986 it was closed following renovations in the building, and opened about 20 years later. In the renovated balcony you can enjoy the impressive view. Today there is a protective glass layer at the height of 2.5 meters that had been installed to protect from suicide attempts, as had happened more than once in the past.

To the viewpoint, you will arrive by elevator. These elevators, by the way, have glass floors, that will provide an experience to your elevator ride. The viewpoint is made up of three floors, where the 70th floor has an open rooftop that provides a 360-degree view, at the height of 260 meters. On a clear day, you can see up to 130 kilometers away.


# Something for the road...
Here, at NBC studios, the "Seinfeld" episode was filmed where Jerry and George try to sell the management on their idea for a TV series "about nothing."
United Nations headquarters
#About the Complex

The large complex of buildings located in New York is used as the headquarters of the United Nations since the buildings were built in 1952. The United Nations is an international organization whose goal is to create collaborations in the themes of law, security, financial development, and human rights between nations, and achieving world peace. Because the territory of the headquarters is international, the United State's laws do not rule here.

The land for the headquarters was purchased for the good of the organization by a donation from John D. Rockefeller Jr. On the land, the complex was built with several buildings. The Secretariat Building, the main building of the complex, and is identified by its impressive facade, made of greenish glass. It is 156 meters tall and has 39 floors.

Another building in the complex is that of the General Assembly Building of the United Nations. The purpose of this body is to serve as a forum for discussion and planning of peace, economic and human rights programs. The third building you'll see here is the Dag Hammarskjöld Building, the UN Library Building.

Outside the buildings, in the open space, you can see gardens and statues. The big square constitutes an inseparable view for many visitors who arrive here.

The complex was designed by 11 international architects, headed by Wallace K. Harrison. In the halls and spaces inside building you can see a variety of art pieces, mosaics, frescoes, and unique carpets that have been collected from around the world.

Enjoy!



A Closer Look at the UN Headquarters:

https://youtu.be/vpRm7GAtZIo?t=1m36s
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum
#About the Museum Whose Building Became an Icon

This interesting spiral building, a museum for modern art, was inaugurated in 1959, and it is named after Solomon R. Guggenheim. He initiated the establishment of the museum in order to display the rare collection of art he owned.

The special design of the building is the creation of American architect Frank Lloyd Wright, and there is no doubt that the building's exterior draws many visitors to enjoy the beauty. The building is a cultural symbol, and an icon for architecture that is modern and new, creative and curious.

Though its beauty, many criticize the design of the building which brings with it failures, and lack of conformity to its location. For its spiral shape, observing the art inside is not completely straight, but crooked, what can be difficult to see the art in the same perspective that the artist was aiming for. The ceilings in the Guggenheim Museum are lower than usual, and some say this gives a sense that paintings and other art do not receive the respect they deserve.

A few years after Wright passed away, in 1992 the building underwent renovations, where more floors were added to the museum, with higher ceilings. There the pieces of art were moved that required bigger spaces.

In the museum you will find works by a variety of talented artists: Chagall, Picasso, Kandinsky, and more. Most of the collections include paintings, though there are also statues. On the fifth floor you will find a balcony with a view of Central Park.



#The Guggenheim Museum's Design

The Guggenheim Museum in New York was designed by the well-known architect Frank Lloyd Wright. Wright took 700 sketches and 15 years until he was able to arrive at what he had wanted - a building that was different than all the 'boxes' around, the same old buildings of New York.

Indeed, the structure of the Guggenheim Museum in New York has a unique shape that many consider an art piece no less important than the abstract works that are presented inside. The rounded shape, asymmetrical, irregular, and whose wide part is precisely above, is unforgettable. It was also the first museum where the gallery flows through- no floors and no rooms, but only one space curving a gentle slope down the building, up to the entry level.

What made this magic possible, is the design of the structure according to the Fibonacci series, and according to the Golden Ratio. Just like the nautilus shell, the oldest shell that still exists in the world and has not changed since the dinosaur period. The idea was accepted by the architect after a wealthy Baroness, who commissioned the work, demanded that the structure be rounded. From here the road was short for imitation of the nautilus shell, all calculated on the basis of the Fibonacci principle. It is a principle based on the Golden Ratio, the most effective form of nature for reduced replication.



A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a51J5hzHg4U


A Tour of the Museum:

https://youtu.be/FWFeDzKGA78


Stunning Screening on the Museum's Spiral Structure:

https://youtu.be/osc8Gvz40C4
MoMA
#About the MoMA - Museum of Modern Art

You do not have to be an art enthusiast to tour this art museum. You can come to soak in the atmosphere, enjoy the aesthetics and the nostalgic smell of art. The Museum of Modern Art (referred to as the MoMA), is considered one of the best art museums in the world, and it is highly recommended to visit here.

The idea for establishing this museum came from "The Ladies," three well-standing women, who really wanted to create the largest modern art museum for the residents of New York.

The MoMA, built in the 1930's, was planned by Edward Durell Stone and built by Philip Goodwin. The museum was first opened to visitors in 1929. In the 1950's and 1960's a serious renovation took place here by architect Philip Johnson, who added the wonderful garden with benches. Between the years 2002 and 2004, more renovations took places as the museum doubled its size.

You can find here permanent displays, as well as temporary displays of various themes: design, photography, and sculptures. Among the displays you can see that the museum is not short of first-class art, like Vincent Van Gough's "Starry Night," Pablo Picasso's "Les Demoiselles d'Avignon," Salvador Dali's "The Persistence of Memory," Claude Monet's "Water Lilies," Paul Cézanne's "Les Grandes Baigneuses," and more.

In addition to displays, you can arrive daily for screenings of avant-garde, classic American, and European movies.



#Tips

The entrance is free daily between 4:00 pm and 8:00 pm. It is a little crowded at this time, so try to get a place at the start of the line.


A Closer Look at the Modern Museum:

https://youtu.be/BDwxeGEeXeY
American Museum of Natural History
#About the Natural History Museum of New York

One of the most important museums in the United States is the American Museum of Natural History. It is located in Central Park West Ave in Manhattan. The museum was established in 1869, originally located in the arsenal building, until moving to its current location in 1974. The museum includes 25 buildings where there are permanent and temporary exhibits. For its massive size, the museum holds up to 30 million items on display.

The museum is famous mainly for its Dioramas (3D models), the displayed stuffed animals in their natural habitat: animals from Asia, Africa, and North America. Near these displays are also displays of fossils, meteor remains, diamonds and minerals. In the Ocean Hall there is a life-size model of a blue whale. In the permanent exhibits there is a space exhibit, science and historical fossils, and among these dinosaur skeletons.

There is a Planetarium in the museum showing a three-dimensional view of space, with a spectacular audio-visual display and show about the universe.

The museum is a classic children's museum, however, adults will also find a lot to be fascinated with here. The museum has over 1,200 workers and managers and conducts about 100 researches every year.

Entrance fees to the museum are on a donation base only, but it is common to leave 5 dollars at least.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kxPCFljwJws


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.