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Prague
St. Nicholas Church
#About Prague's Big Baroque Church

You are in the biggest and most famous cathedral in Prague. The St. Nicholas Church dominates the square in Lesser Town. It was built between the years 1704-1755 and was designed by two of the most important architects in Prague
- father and son Christophe and Kilian-Ignatz Diesenhofer.

Look and see the white organ where angels can climb up and down. Mozart played on this organ while he was staying in Prague, in 1787. The organ is working up to today during concerts that take place in the church.

The gold and marble decorated church is rich and impressive. With many decorations and a green dome, the church ceiling is awe inspiring. The impressive fresco, considered the largest fresco in Europe, adds to its beauty. The fresco describes scenes from the life of St. Nicholas.



#About the Curious Priest who is Written in History as a Peeper

Legend tells of Johann Kracker, the Viennese artist who painted the fresco, and was unwilling to reveal his work to anyone until it was finished. One of the priests, intrigued by curiosity, crept up and watched the artist paint. Although Kracker realized that he was not alone in the room and noticed the secret priest, he did not reveal this, and instead immortalized the priest who peeped by adding him to the painting itself. If you look closely at the ceiling paintings you will see a small figure hiding behind one of the pillars. It is the curious priest, who has entered history as the painted peeper of the St. Nicholas Cathedral.




#Tips

During the spring months be sure to look for concerts at the church, which many times includes the organ, played by the famous composer Mozart while staying in the city.




A Closer Look at the Fancy Church:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q5UBWzoLcBc
Karlv Most
Charles Bridge
#About the Ancient Bridge

Charles Bridge (Karlův Most) is the oldest bridge in Prague and connects Lesser Town to the Old City. It is best known for its 30 Baroque sculptures on its sides, and is a major tourist attraction in Prague. Throughout the day there are improvised music performances, a variety of street artists performances for tourists and vendors selling souvenirs and products to tourists.

The crowded bridge, built under the protection of King Karl, was designed by Prague's important Gothic architect, Peter Parler. The cornerstone of the ancient bridge was laid in 1357.

At both ends of the bridge are ancient towers. In the past, they were part of the fortifications of the city and can now be seen below.

The view from the bridge is breathtaking, as the sight of the minarets of the churches in the city, with St. Vitus Cathedral at the top, always overlooks the bridge. In the evening, the sight is even more enchanting, with the sparkling lights, the romance in the air and the Prague Castle, illuminated by a multitude of lights and floodlights, making the entire region a spectacle of spectacular lights.



#The Statues on the Charles Bridge

On the Charles Bridge itself stands an impressive line of sculptures. The statues were placed on the bridge, gradually, when the rulers of the Czech Republic and Prague added more and more statues to the bridge, until their number reached 30.

The sculptures here, by the way, are copies of the original sculptures that were once here . The replacement took place in recent decades, after the original sculptures were damaged by the weather and were finally removed from the bridge.

If you look at the eighth statue on the left, as you walk from the Old City towards Mala Strana, you will see a small white figure. The reason she is white are the thousands of tourists who touch the statue and "beautify" it in their hands. The reason is the widespread belief that touching the image of holiness will bring about fulfillment of the wishes of the person concerned.

Indeed, this is the first statue erected on the Charles Bridge around 1683. It is a monument to the memory of Saint John of Nepomuk (Saint Jana Nepomuckého), a Christian saint who was thrown in 1391 from the bridge to the river because he refused to reveal the queen's confessions. A look at the base of the statue will show you the bronze relief that symbolizes his martyrdom.




A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/-fX6VGG7wOM?t=20s



The Bridge at Night:

https://youtu.be/FSornR_R8cE
Wenceslas Square
Wenceslas Square
#About the Luxurious Protestor's Square in the Heart of the New City

Wenceslas Square (Václavské Námestí) is a long square in the center of Prague, also known as the "Republic Square." This is a long walkway, about 750 meters long, that has a wide open space starting in the old city, leading towards the South-East. It begins at the National Museum, in the old Parliament Building, and arrives at the shopping street Ma Prikope.

The square, the main square in the new city of Prague, is a center for protest and celebrations for the Czech Republic, the beating heart of the country, what is known as the "square of demonstrations," where several major events took place in the history of the Czech Republic. In 1918 the Czech Republic announced its independence. Here the Czech protested against the Nazis before they occupied Czech. Years later, this is where the end of World War II was announced. Here the Czech also demonstrated against the Communist rule, and the two students Jan Palach and his friend are commemorated here, who lit themselves on fire in protest of the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia and the violent Communist suppression of the "Spring of Nations" in the country.

In 1989, right here in the square, the famous protest was here, the Velvet Revolution, which eventually overthrew the Communist rule in the country and brought democracy to the Czech Republic. Look up at the balcony of house number 36, called the Melantrich Building. Now allow yourselves to imagine Václav Havel and Alexander Dubček standing next to Nablus and announcing the end of the Communist regime in the country at the end of the Velvet Revolution.

The square is packed on a daily basis, filled with tourists. However the square is also a center for night life. The majority of the city's fancy restaurants are here, with stores, and the big clubs in Prague.

In the square you can be impressed by two of its well-known symbols. The first is the bronze statue of Václav Havel, and the second is that National Museum of the Czech Republic. Both are located at the edge of the square.


#What Can be Seen in the Square?

In the square that is a sort of rectangular boulevard, are a few national statues that are important to the Czech Republic. Among them can be seen the bronze statue and Václav Havel, and the church named after it. Václav, the king of the Czech in the 10th century, is considered the one who connected tribes in the area and create the nation. In the eyes of the Czechs, the king is on the same level as a saint, and a protector of the region of Bohemia, in general and the city of Prague in particular

Next to the statue of Václav Havel you can see more statues of other saints that are related to the city of Prague. For instance, the statue of Agnes, a 12-year-old girl, who became a saint after she refused to marry the son of the Roman ruler. Legend says that as punishment for refusing the marriage, she was thrown into the streets naked. According to faith she stayed a virgin, after an angel answered her prayers and covered her up with her hair. Agnes was later put to death, and became a saint.

Another statue is of Ludmila, the mother of Wenceslas himself, who is considered the Holy Mother of the Bohemians, who by the way, are not the warlords but the people of Bohemia, including the inhabitants of Prague.

In the square are also the statues of Adelbert, a past Bishop of Prague, and of Prokop, a Christian saint born in Jerusalem who succeeded in converting 6,000 barbarians to Christianity by presenting them with the cross.



#Tips

We recommend getting to the square around the evening, when the square is full with people and locals, and the statue and museum are lit up beautifully.



A Closer Look at Wenceslas Square:

https://youtu.be/3W7OGUEuv7Q



The Square During Christmas:

https://youtu.be/idSuMs976CY



The Monument in the Memory of Jan Palach in Winter:

https://youtu.be/yZQKpxHaj-w
Kostel Panny Marie Vtzn
Church of Our Lady Victorious
#About the Saint Mary Church of Victorious

You are located in the Saint Mary Church of Victorious (Kostel Panny Marie Vítězné) where there is a famous wax statue of baby Jesus.

The church walls around the alter are covered by marble slates. These were placed as a thank you by believers who enjoyed the miracles of the sculpture baby Jesus. The statue of baby Jesus was brought from Spain in 1628 and is well taken care of in the church. Every few days the baby's clothes are changed, by pilgrims who come and donate the clothes from all over the world. The baby statue is located in a glass container, in a magnificent and impressive altar.

The entrance and looking over the church treasures is allowed during all opening hours, except during prayer.



A Closer Look at the Church:

https://youtu.be/_cZYknTvSLc



Video Presentation:

https://youtu.be/D7zFk5RVsVk



Another Look:

https://youtu.be/kDTJyom0kIU

Must See in Prague

Obecn dm
Municipal House
#About Prague's Municipal House

One of the most beautiful buildings is the Municipal House (Obecní Dům). It was designed by the city's leading artists in the Art-Nouveau style. This is a complex with concert halls, cafes and restaurants, and many events are held here (exhibits, concerts, balls) all throughout the years.

If you think the build's exterior is impressive (as the building's facade is decorated with colorful mosaics), it is truly only an appetizer of what is awaiting inside. Grandeur and wealth around the interior, with the sounds emanating from the grand Smetana Hall, probably belonging to some concert that is playing here.

In 1918, in this building, the declaration for the Czech Republic was announced, and through the 20th century many Communist party meetings were held here.

Notice the building's facade, decorated with colorful and impressive mosaics, called "Homage to Prague," all done by hand by an artist.

You can enjoy a variety of concerts and restaurants in the building. If you want to go inside, you can sign up for a organized tour.



A Closer Look at the Municipal House:

https://youtu.be/fJNj70_zyX0
Jan Hus Monument
Jan Hus Memorial
#About the Memorial for the Memory of Hus, That the Church Burned at the Stake After He Exposed Corruption

The big Jan Hus Memorial was built by Ladislav Šaloun, and was built for the memory of Jan Hus, the Czech reformist, at the mark of 500 years since his killing. Hus was a national and religious awakener. He used to voice, to cry out and to fight for the miserable social situation of the city's citizens against its wealth as a trading city. He also talked quite a bit the corruption in the church.

In 1415 Jan Hus was brought to the stake, which led to the outbreak of the bloody Hussite wars. Try to imagine the tough scene, where a well-known priest and leader from the Bethlehem Church, dressed in rags and humiliating clothes, without his clerical symbols, is taken to the stake. In the square were two sides - church supporters and Hus supporters who came to pay last respects.

The current monument, in the Art-Nouveau style was built in 1915, about 500 years after Jan Hus was captured and executed by the church in 1415. The monument today is one of the known symbols of Prague, since Jan Hus has turned into a tortured saint, and a national hero. His day of death, July 6th, is a national holiday.

Around the memorial are many benches, where you can sit and take a small break from walking around.



Here is the Monument for the Memory of Jan Hus:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vv7QURsa-XA
Prazska Loreta
Church of Our Lady of Loreto
#About the Temple that is a Palace, that is a Church

The Church of Our Lady of Loreto in Prague (Pražská Loreta) in Loreta Square is actually a palace from the 17th century, built in the Baroque style. It has an extremely impressive exterior, with a varied statue collection. A tombstone that was donated by the Bohemian aristocrat Catherine Lubkovich in 1626, made it a pilgrimage point for the inhabitants of Prague and the area, and for many of the religious inhabitants of Bohemia.

In the inner courtyard there are beautiful arches and in its center stands a replica, an exact copy of the Santa Casa - the home of the Virgin Mary of Nazareth. Legend has it that three angels carried the house from Israel to the Loreta in Italy, and this is how the city was saved from the sinners. In the religious fervor that engulfed Bohemians and Catholics in general, after the victory of the Catholics in the 30-year war, about 50 such Santa Casas were built throughout Europe.

On the church walls are incredible paintings that are intertwined with the shape of the wall itself, and besides paintings, in the treasure room you will see a breathtaking collection of jewelry, gemstones, and diamonds.

The church is located in the Hradčany district in Prague, so you can complete a visit here with a few other interesting sites. Pay attention! It is forbidden to take photos at the church, unless you agree to pay a donation.



A Closer Look at the Church:

https://youtu.be/X2Xx-V5SGDo


The Ringing Bells:

https://youtu.be/rKnJU-6a6do
Pomnk Svatho Vclava
Statue of Saint Wenceslas
#About the Statue of Saint Wenceslas, the Unifier of the Czech Nation

The Statue of Saint Wenceslas (Pomník svatého Václava) at the center of the Wenceslas Square is a bronze statue of Saint Wenceslas. It is an important meeting point for the residents of Prague, and many tend to meet up "at the tail of the horse..."

The famous Statue of Saint Wenceslas commemorates the person who was the King to Czechoslovakia in the 10th century, and is considered in the country the one who unified the tribes in the area, and made them into the Czech people. His place in the eyes of the Czech people is that of a saint, the protector of the bohemian area, and Prague in particular.

Not far away from here, in the Lucerna areas, near Wenceslas Square, you can see the parody version of this statue. In the parody statue you can see the good and noble king, as he rides on the opposite stomach of the horse's body, descending from the ceiling, as he sticks out his tongue in mockery.



A Closer Look at the Statue of Saint Wenceslas During a Typical Protest at the Square:

https://youtu.be/b1HG6b7qyGw


Starovon Synagoga
Starovoná Synagoga
#About the Old Synagogue in Prague

Old New Synagogue (Altneuschul or Starovoná Synagoga) is a Gothic-Baroque synagogue, built in 1270 by the Jewish community of Prague.

Altneuschul is considered the most active, oldest and most famous synagogue in Europe. Around it the flourishing Jewish community of the city of Prague flourished. Here, the Mahal prayed and worked hundreds of years ago, and the legend tells us that the remains of the Golem of Prague, created by the Maharal, remains in the attic of the synagogue.

By the way, if you in Prague on a Friday night, you could enjoy a special Jewish experience in prayer. The prayer in this ancient synagogue is full of holiness and connection to the past. It is far from luxurious but is authentic and Jewish.

In the past they nicknamed the synagogue "on conditional terms." The story says that the synagogue was built, among other things, from stones brought from the ruins of the Temple in Jerusalem. Construction according to tradition was made "conditional." When the Messiah will come, they made a promise that the stones would be returned to their place in the temple to be built again in Jerusalem.



#What is the Story of the Golem of Prague?

The Jewish story of the "Golem of Prague," which deals with an ill-conceived creature, is a kind of "robot story," perhaps the oldest in history. It is already possible to learn about the great fear of loss of control over an artificial creature like man.

"The Golem of Prague" was written by Rabbi Yehuda ben Bezalel Loew, the Maharal of Prague, and the Maharal's most famous legend tells of a human created by the Maharal during the period when he fought the anti-Semitic Christian priest Thaddeus.

He wanted to save the Jews of Prague from the blood libels, "from all evil and all the troubles that their enemies immediately suffer." He created a mysterious Golem, made of clay and Earth. He was helped by mysterious combinations of letters and was assisted by his son-in-law and his close disciple.

The Golem who was created received the name Yosef and the people called him Yossele Golem. He functioned like everyone else - see, hear and understand - but he could not speak. The Maharal alone activated the Golem, using a piece of parchment he placed under the tongue of Yossele Golem with the name of God.

Every night the golem would go out to the streets of Prague to uncover plots against the Jews of the city. He did so diligently, in the Rabbi's orders, and saved many Jews.

However, every Sabbath eve, the rabbi used to take the spirit of life out of the Golem, for fear that he would spoil the Sabbath. Thus the Golem lay like a lump of clay until the end of the Sabbath. One Friday the Rabbi forgot to take the spirit of life out of him and the Golem came out and desecrated the Sabbath, endangering the gentiles of the city. The rabbi who was chasing him managed to reach him at the entrance to the ancient Altneuschul Synagogue in Prague. The Golem was shattered to pieces after the Maharal took out the spirit of life from his body.

According to another version, when the blood libels ended, the Maharal removed the piece of holy parchment from the mouth of the Golem, turning it back into a mound of earth and whose remains were buried, according to legend, in the attic of the Altneuschul Synagogue in Prague. And instead of the remains of the Golem, some old furniture was found there ...

The Golem who saved the Jews of the community from conspiracies and blood libels, often acted on behalf of the Maharal to help establish order and peace within the Jewish community itself.



Here is a Video About the Oldest Synagogue in Europe:

http://youtu.be/llZ0IK-9DgQ
Vyšehrad Fortress
#About the Fortress, a Symbol of Czech Nationalism

On a hill above the eastern bank of the Vlatava River, sits the fortress of Vyšehrad, the "Upper-Fortress," or "citadel of the saints." This is the second fortress of Prague, which is unfairly less known than the more famous Prague Castle.

According to the legend, the Holy Princess Libushe was ordered to construct the fortress, after seeing a vision of a huge city that would be established one day on the hill of Vyšehrad.

This fortress was built in the 11th century, only 70 years after the fortress of Prague was erected. King Vratslav II, a Prince of Bohemia who belonged to the Przemysl dynasty, built it in 1085 and turned it into the new fortress of Prague. Only forty years later his successor left the fortress of Vyšehrad and returned to Prague Castle.

Since then, the complex has been a symbol of Czech nationalism. Over the centuries, many buildings were built there, many of which were destroyed in wars. During the 17th century, the Vyšehrad Fortress was renovated, after the Austrian Habsburgs took control of the Czech lands following the Thirty Years War. Later, it served as a training center for the Austro-Hungarian army. It was not until 1883 that the hill became an official part of Prague. This is even though it was the most settled part of the city.

Today, the complex is a park full of trees and beautiful green gardens. In the fortress itself you can find several walls, fortifications and churches, the St. Pauls and St. Peters Churches, and the St. Martin's Rotunda, which is a Romanesque and cylindrical structure. On the hill there is also the cemetery of the nation's greats, where many of the most important Czechs are buried.



#About the Story of the Pillar Broken by Satan

If you walk on the hill, behind the churches of St. Peter and St. Paul, you will see a Roman pillar divided into three parts. The local legend tells of Satan, who spoke with the father of the young priest who was delivering a sermon at the time.

After the devil bragged to the father that he could win the young priest's soul, if he wanted to, the father offered the devil a bet, of which he advised St. Peter himself-if the devil could bring the Roman pillar from the Church of Saint Peter before his son finished the sermon, the devil could take the soul of the son, the young priest carrying the sermon in the church. The devil went to fetch the heavy pillar and, after discovering that he was late to arrive, and the priest finished the sermon, the devil in anger broke the pillar on the floor. On the wall inside the church, by the way, a large mural is drawn, showing the devil figure from the legend of the broken pillar.



A Closer Look at the Vishrad Fortress:

https://youtu.be/kt2CIEP_WGI



A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/fA1PIP70DeA
Old Royal Palace
#About the Palace of Kings

The Old Royal Palace (Starý Královský Palác), established in the 9th century, was used by the kings of Bohemia, who did not stop renovating it to suit them. This is why, if you examine it carefully, you will find that it contains a variety of architectural styles - Romanesque style, early Gothic style and late Classical construction.

The magnificent and impressive Valdislav Hall was built in the 16th century and is best known for its vaulted ceiling. The entire hall was built in Gothic style. During the cold winter days of the Middle Ages, spear fights were fought here.

The governor's room, actually connected to the door with the hall, was the place where the Thirty Years War began in 1618. The reason was the "second throwing from the window" - the pushing of two members of the Catholic Council through the window to the canal below.

Today the hall is used for special parliamentary sessions where Czech presidents are elected.

At the far end of the hall, you'll see the Chapel of All Saints. It was designed by Petr Parléř, after the fire of 1541 destroyed many of the fortress buildings. The chapel was rebuilt in the Renaissance style and boasts a number of examples of 17th century German paintings.

On the second floor added to the hall is the archive of the palace (once the royal archives) where Czech documents of historical significance are kept.

Most parts of the palace are open to tourists, and you will find the National Gallery, a collection of Baroque artworks, an exhibition dedicated to Czech history, a Prague Castle photo gallery and more. Every hour there is an exchange of guards. At 12:00 pm, the exchange includes all the guards in a full lineup accompanied by an orchestra and trumpet.



A View of the Palace from the Inside:

https://youtu.be/y75acxmv_OA
Old Jewish Cemetery
#About the Most Ancient Cemetery in Europe

Inside the most ancient cemetery in Europe, the Old Jewish Cemetery (Starý Židovský Hřbitov), is no less than 12,000 tombstones and another 1,000 hidden graves (though there are assumptions that there are more hidden graves than this, about 100,000). The years give their marks in the shriveled graves and many of the tombstones are crumbling and some of them are slowly swallowed up in the ground. In general, there is even a little magic in this disorder, crowded and mess.

For more than 300 years this place was used as a cemetery, but in 1787 it was closed to use. It is surrounded by trees and the graves are very crowded, possibly even too crowded. Though the area was expanded more than a few times, the number of deaths gets larger than the available land. Today there are 12 layers of graves here.

The atmosphere here is special and mysterious, mainly it sends a shudder down your spine. Many see this cementery as the symbol for the destruction of the Jewish community in Prague during the Holocaust. It is one of the most important and preserved historical sites in the Jewish Quarter of Prague.



#Graves at the Cemetery

The oldest tombstone here was built in 1439, and it belongs to the poet Avigdor Karo.

Another grave that has become a popular spot (the candles lit all around here will testify to its popularity) is the grave of the Jewish Mahal of Prague, Rabbi Yehuda ben Bezalel Loew. He was an important rabbi and spiritual leader, teacher, and guide, and his name is involved with many stories and legends. The most famous of these stories is the story of the golem of Prague. Many visitors come here to ask for forgiveness, and blessings.

The tombstone that looks the best in this cementery is that of a women named Hendl Bassevi. Though it is very ancient (since 1628), it has been nicely preserved and has stayed whole, at its head is the sculpture of a lion.



#Who is the Golem from Prague

Rabbi Yehuda ben Bezalel Loew, the Maharall, was for many years the main rabbi of Prague. He dedicated his life to the welfare of the community and his goal was to was to purify the Children of Israel from the false rumors spread about them, that they used the blood of Christian children to knead the matzo dough on Passover.

One night, the rabbi heard a voice telling him, "make a human figure from clay and through it you will succeed in thwarting the plots of your enemies."

And so the rabbi did. He summoned his son-in-law and his best student and updated them with the vision he had experienced. They formed the Golem in seven days. In the Jewish year 5340, the three scholars went to the banks of the Holtba River and formed a human figure three cubits high from the clay. After they finished, the rabbi's son-in-law turned around the figure as he recited a Kabalistic prayer. After doing this several times, the Golem opened his eyes and came to life. The rabbi turned to him and said: "We have created you from the dust of the earth to protect the Israelites from their enemies and to prevent them from their sorrows and suffering." The figure received the name Yosef and he became a servant in the rabbi's court.

For most of the day the Golem was sitting in the corner of the study room, a bit like a fly on the wall. In order not to attract too much attention, the rabbi put a talisman around his neck that made him invisible. During the week leading up to Passover, the Golem began his mission - he walked around the city and checked every person who entered the quarter with packages. Quite a few times, he found a dead baby in them, which was supposed to serve as proof of the false plots against the Jews. The Golem served the members of the Jewish community in Prague.

He did so until the Jews finally arrived at the longed-for day, when it was widely declared that the plots were baseless and that persecution of future Jews was prohibited. At this point the rabbi decided to take back Yosef's life. They performed the ritual again and the Golem was once again a lifeless mass of clay. They placed it under a pile of books in the attic of the Alt-Noy Synagogue in Prague.



#Tips

The cementery is surrounded by a tall fence, so if you want to see the whole place, enter the museum for decorative arts, in the bathroom on the first floor is a window from which you can see the entire cementery.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/HmPvyK78mMI
St. Vitus Cathedral
#About Prague's Gothic Cathedral

St. Vitus Cathedral (Katedrala St. Vita) is one of the beautiful and impressive Gothic creations in Europe. Today the cathedral is where the archbishop of Prague sits.

It was built for a period of 500 years (starting in 1344) by Karl IV, over the ruins of an ancient church that stood here before: the Romanesque Basilica and Rotunda. In 1419 the construction came to a halt because of the Hussite Wars. Finally, it was completed in 1929 with an investment of the Czech government. It was built in a variety of styles - Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque and Art-Nouveau.

In the front are statues, carvings and a large window with scenes from the creation of the world. At the entrance are also pointy towers 80 meters high. In the garden across the southern entrance you will see a gate facing the park - a green and lovely area with a gorgeous view.

Inside the cathedral you can see an especially large space, crowded with paintings, mosaics and statues, a large altar, a huge selection of portraits and a mausoleum where kings and their family are buried. It also has two famous cathedrals - the Wenceslas Chapel and the Crown Chapel.

In the basement are buried a number of great leaders from the royal line, and there is an interesting story about them. While the cathedral was being built, the coffin and remains of King Karl were lost, and were found only a few hundred years later.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/C-zBM4YkJ4I
Praha Zoo
#About Prague's Zoo

About 5,000 animals from 650 different species are at the zoo. It is located outside town, but it is definitely worth the visit, and is considered one of the best zoos in the world.

It is not only the animals who attract the tourists, the zoo itself is impressive, and is considered one of the prettiest zoos in Europe. It is located on the foot of a hill in Prague, that used to belong to Troja Palace. The zoo first opened in 1931, and can be walked around by foot, or by riding small trains that tour around the park. The vegetation is varied, the hills, slopes and views are spectacular.

If you take a map from the zoo entrance, you can see the animal eating hours, and you can go to the right spot and see these throughout the day. Try to make it to that "Indonesian Jungle," and the "Island of Monkeys," and the petting areas.



#Tips

Some dedicate about 4-5 hours for this meeting, and some find 3 hours long enough.



A Closer Look at Prague's Zoo:

https://youtu.be/V8J6WW6GD70
Prague Astronomical Clock
#About Prague's Famous Astronomical Clock

The Prague Astronomical Clock (Pražský orloj) is the oldest working clock in the world. This is a mechanical miracle of late medieval engineering. It is an astronomical clock that has been operating since the Middle Ages, and at every hour attracts crowds of excited tourists waiting to watch the wonder.

The clock on the tall municipality building at Stormska Square in the city was installed in 1410. It indicates the time in central Europe and the exact date of the month and year. The zodiac signs beneath the clock reveal the location of the stars and symbol that is currently dominating the zodiac. The outer ring of the clock calculates the time, according to the sunset.

Every hour, from 8 am to 8 pm, Jesus and his twelve messengers appear from the clock. It has various figures visible from the window, once an hour. Among them you can see the skeleton symbolizing the Angel of Death with his hourglass, a Turkish symbol of the Church's enemy, the miser merchant with the bag of coins in his hands, an angel, an astronomer, a rooster reading aloud and more.

If you go up to the clock inside the tower, you will enjoy a close look at the show of the 12 apostles of Jesus, who come out of the clock every hour, moving in a circle and peering out of the watch. And by the way, in the town hall you can also go up to the panoramic view of all of Prague.



#History of the Prague Astronomical Clock

The Prague Astronomical Clock is considered to be the world's best-kept watch of ancient astronomical clocks. The amazing thing is that the original mechanical mechanism still operates there, from 1410 until today.

The original mechanism of the clock was installed in 1410, by a clockmaker Mikulash Makadan. He created it with Jan Schindel, professor of astronomy at the University of Karl. In 1490 they added the calendar and dolls, made by a master in the name of Hanos. Legend has it that city councilors were so enthusiastic about Hanos's work, they feared that he would build a similar clock in another European city, and this lead them to make him blind. So there would be no other clock like this anywhere in the world.

The clock has worked continuously since then, except when in 1886 it underwent a major renovation. It was then that a Cronometer was added, built by Romuald Buzek. In the middle of the 19th century, Joseph Manes, a Czech national revivalist, added the calendar to the clock, with the natural paintings depicting the four seasons.

Another renovation took place after World War II. This is because the city hall was burned down and the clock was badly damaged.



#A Tour of the Town Hall in Prague

A tour inside the town hall takes place several times a day. On the tour, you can go first to the top of the tower above the town hall and view the historical center of Prague.

Later on you can stroll through the beautiful city halls and see the chapel of the town tower. You can look at the statues of the astronomical clock's apostles closely and then descend into the subterranean rooms beneath the building. Here you can visit the ruins of the Gothic and Romanesque periods, where there is a maze of streets, shops and old houses.



#How Many Municipalities Does One City Need?

You may have already noticed that there is a town hall across the Marianske Square, and another one next to the Powder Tower, and they are not the only ones. So what the hell is going on here?

The story is that until the 18th century Prague was a collection of four cities, each with its own town hall. Once they were united into one big city, the separate townhouses remained in each quarter. In Prague, as in other ancient cities, there was also a new town hall, so this city contains, in any case, a rather impressive collection of town halls.




A Closer Look at the Prague Astronomical Clock:

https://youtu.be/BeXLoHoVZmk



This is How it Looks Behind the Scenes:

https://youtu.be/Ef_WCsJGThM



A Further Look Back:

https://youtu.be/QAq_0y4uhi4
Old Town Square
#The Beautiful Central Square of Prague

Old Town Square (Staroměstské Náměstí) which many see as the most beautiful square in the world, is the Square of the Old Town. The square is considered one of Prague's main tourist attractions, and indeed it is the most beautiful square in Europe, perhaps the most popular in Prague itself.

The square is surrounded by magnificent buildings, including architectural pearls such as the Church of Our Lady before Týn, St. Nicholas Church and the Old Town Hall. The impressive buildings in the square are decorated in Gothic and Baroque style.

The history of Old Town Square begins in the 10th century. The square served as a bustling market area, and vibrant center of life in Old Prague.

In the center of the square stands a statue of Jan Hus, a reformer and an important figure in Czech history.

On the Old Town Hall is the Astronomical Clock, which rings every hour and magnetizes masses of tourists. When this happens, the square fills up with a crowd waiting to see the clock.


#Tips

Want to enjoy the show, without having to stand tight, with the whole audience? - Enjoy a round hour in one of the cafes opposite the clock and the old tower.



A Closer Look at Old Town Square:

https://youtu.be/zSmgwIkuovc



Another Look:

https://youtu.be/4-yNWTw3ZTQ
Prague Planetarium
#About the Planetarium that Shows Space to the Children of Prague

If you enjoy planetariums and star gazing, or space and science in general, then in Prague's new planetarium (Planetarium Praha) you can see a new exhibit on the solar system, galaxies and stars using modern technology.

The big dome is decorated as a fake sky, and underneath is a fascinating intergalactic performance that uses laser tricks and space visualization.

The planetarium has many exhibits and activities for children, a laser show during the evening hours, and different exhibits. Most of the activities, sadly, are all in Czech, though during the summer months there are also shows and performances in English.



A Closer Look at Prague's Planetarium:

https://youtu.be/Ydbj7uAQ-90


Rozhledna Cibulka
#About the Tower that Looks Like the Eiffel Tower

Rozhledna Cibulka is a model one fifth the size of the Eiffel Tower, built in 1891 for the World Convention that was held in Prague. The tower is 60 meters tall, and is located on the top of the Petrin Hill.

To get to the top of the tower and see the magical view, there are 300 stairs to climb, but the view spread out in front of you will make up for your efforts. There is also an elevator for the handicapped.



#Tips

Going onto the tower costs money, but those holding a public transportation pass can use it to get it.



The View from the Rozhledna Cibulka:

https://youtu.be/PP2_c9apLYs



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/mpqruvrpI98


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

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אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.