» «
azienki Palace
Łazienki Palace
#About the King of Poland's Palace, and it's Presidents.

Łazienki Palace, or the Bath Palace, in the past was used as the home of the King of Poland and is located in the picturesque area in Łazienki Park. The Palace was designed in the 17th century in the Baroque style and had many important pieces of art. Today it is possible to take a tour of the palace and see the king's rooms, and the impressive art galleries.

The palace on the water is located on an artificial island on the banks of a large lake in Łazienki Park. During World War II, the Nazis burned it completely and only after the war did the building undergo a comprehensive renovation that restored its fame and beauty.

Around the palace you can stroll along a cobbled street, surrounded by a variety of ancient and pastoral buildings, with restaurants, cafes, and breweries. The place is reminiscent of an 18th-century Alpine town. The beer here is cheaply sold, around 10 zloty per glass, and it is very good. Enjoy!



A Closer Look at the Palace and its Gardens:

https://youtu.be/WtgNszbUUfE


A Look Inside:

https://youtu.be/7DwZ1KDTVP4
Zamek Krlewski
The Royal Castle in Warsaw
#About the Royal Castle of the City of Warsaw

In the beautiful and colorful castle square, sits the Royal Castle of Warsaw, originally built in the 15th century. The castle served as the residence for the princes of Mazovian. After Warsaw became the capital of Poland, the castle served as a seat of the king and the government.

It was renovated several times in the past, and during World War II the castle was completely destroyed, mainly by the Nazis who sowed great destruction, both during the suppression of the Polish underground uprising and in their defeat.

The reconstruction of the King's Castle took place between 1971-1984 with the remains of it and its ruins. It was reconstructed in great detail, including frescoes and painted tiles, and antique furniture, works of art and impressive and authentic chandeliers being added.

Today you can see it in all its splendor, because of its iconic appearance and long history it is one of Warsaw's most prominent landmarks.

You can go on a tour of the castle and see donated or restored items, or enter exhibitions of various works of art. Note that in front of the castle is the castle square, and in the middle stands King Zygmunt. The clock tower, part of the castle complex, opens the way to the Old City.


A Closer Look at the Castle:

https://youtu.be/A2n1Jk4rLHA
Warsaw Old Town
Stare Miasto
#About Old Warsaw

The Old City of Warsaw is old and nostalgic, with a history of more than 700 years. It was founded in the 13th century as a headquarters and fortified settlement. During World War II it suffered serious and significant damages that destroyed about 85% of its buildings and killed about half of its residents. At the end of the war, extensive renovation and restoration were carried out through old sketches, photographs and plans (which remained from the buildings that were destroyed). The restoration was done in such a high quality and precise manner that the international community expressed its appreciation by introducing the quarter to the list of unique heritage sites around the world, and it became one of the cultural sites of the Polish capital.

Today, this wide and beautiful street is pleasant for the masses of travelers and the residents of its square. The atmosphere is pleasant and in the background there are colorful buildings, from which you will discover palaces, churches, museums and luxury hotels. The area of ​​the Quarter is not large.

In the area you will find a many of the cultural sites of Poland: the Royal Palace, King Sigismund III's Column, St. John's Cathedral, the Church of the Jesuits, St. Martin's Church, the Pharmacy Museum, Bell on Kanonia Square, the Historical Museum of Warsaw, the Stairs of the Old City and much more.



A Closer Look at the Old City:

https://youtu.be/6kTVlQhwQRg
Wilanw Palace
Wilanów Palace
#About the Luxurious Royal Palace

Wilanów Palace is one of the must-see sites, especially for palace enthusiasts. There are no words, it is truly one of the most beautiful places in Warsaw. Maybe that's why it's considered the local Versailles Palace. Though this is a much smaller palace than Versailles, it is still very impressive and full of grandeur. After all, Wilanów Palace was the King of Poland's summer palace.

The Palace was originally built for the King John III Sobieski, who saved Poland from the Turkish in the 16th century. The building was built between the 17th century, and finished around the 19th century. It was used as a summer palace for the King. After the King's death, the palace was inherited by his sons, and later to a Royal family.

At the beginning of the 19th century, it was the first museum in Poland and displayed artifacts from Italy. Until today there is a collection of Italian items, hunting gear, photos, art pieces, original paintings, furniture, clothing, and more.

Notice the wide gardens around the palace, the traditional Baroque parts, and an English park with Japanese influences. Beyond the park are a lake, a maze, and a few decorative buildings. You are welcome to wander around, and you can rent boats and float around the lake.


#Tips

On Thursdays entrance into the palace and gardens are free. Anyways, try getting here at least half an hour before opening, get tickets in the yellow stall in front of the entrance, and stand in the line to enter the palace.

Entrance into the palace begins at 3:30 pm.



A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/f7Mc04XQMPs



A Closer Look at the Palace:

https://youtu.be/q4WIfEB-TmQ

Must See in Warsaw

Barbakan Warszawski
Warsaw Barbican
#About the City Gate Fortification in Warsaw

The Warsaw Barbican (Barbakan) today is used as the new city municipality of Warsaw, and its history goes much further back than that, as it once was used to protect Warsaw of the Middle Ages.

This fort is located in the north of the Old City, in the past it was in front of the city gate, and has remained among the only remains of the historic fortification system that surrounded Warsaw until the beginning of the modern area. In the past there was a Gothic bridge here, and only a few small remains are left, it protected the Barbican.

Years later, long after the protection of the Barbican was used, the Hanging man of the Old City (Stare Miasto) lived here.

When German planes bombarded Warsaw during World War II, the Barbican got damaged but managed to survive. Towards the end of the war, in the Warsaw Uprising, the Barbican was destroyed completely.

Years later, in 1967, the Barbican was rebuilt. Reb bricks were used to build the new Barbican in the Gothic style, that were brought from destroyed houses around Poland. Impressive architects were involved in the reconstruction and used drawings by Bernardo Bellotto for reference, who was the last official Royal painter in Poland. Bellotto's paintings were also the basis for many of the home reconstructions that went on in Warsaw after the war.

In the Barbican are historical displays and souvenir shops. By walking around the grounds of the Barbican, you will find pleasant gardens with a variety of colors and plants. Right in front of the Barbican, not far away, is a cafe with Polish traditional dishes, and a square with street artists.



#What is a Barbican?

Barbican, spelled in Latin Barbecana, is a fortification gate that protects the entrance into a city or fortress. Mostly Barbicans are located in the external bridge of a castle and protects the bridge leading to the gate. This is how it protects from an enemy getting into the gate itself.

Until the 15th-century Barbicans were very popular, but innovations that were made to the fort itself and artillery (such as cannons), significantly decreased the usage of Barbicans. Slowly less and less were built, with the last ones ever built in the 16th century.



#Detective Task:

In the past, the Warsaw Barbican protected a Gothic bridge, today only a small number of ruins remain. Try to find the remains while taking a tour of the Warsaw Barbican.


A Closer Look at the Warsaw Barbican

https://youtu.be/5yuRMqsCZp0



A Look Inside:

https://youtu.be/cWzAfcst8PI



A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/RpMc-wgHm6g
Warsaw Uprising Monument
Warsaw Uprising Monument
#About the Monument in Memory of the Polish Uprising Against the Nazis

The Warsaw Uprising Monument is placed in front of the Polish Supreme Court, take a few minutes to pay respects to this place, the impressive monument is in memory of the Polish underground movement against the Nazis during World War II. In the uprising conducted by the underground movement, about 200,000 Polish citizens were killed.

The monument recognizes the Warsaw uprising, in 1944. It shows two groups of Polish rebels. The first going down into the sewer system, while the second climbs into barricade protection. You can see the entrance to the canal by marking a black and white table on the pavement on Miodova Street.

The monument was made in 1989. Five years later in 1994 a ceremony took place here, where the German Chancellor, Roman Herzog, apologized in the face of the Polish people and the families of the victims of the uprising from the Polish underground - about the atrocities committed by the Nazis during World War II.


A Closer Look at the Monument:

https://youtu.be/Q0ze328yzag
Monument to the Ghetto Heroes
Monument to the Ghetto Heroes
#About the Monument in Memory of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

The Monument to the Ghetto Heroes (Pomnik Bohaterow Getta) is the main memorial monument in the city, that was dedicated to the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. In the uprising were young Jews, who were using guerrilla warfare against the Nazis, against all odds. The Nazi oppressor, shocked by their daring and actions, burned and destroyed the Ghetto in order to subdue them, and knocked down whole buildings on the heads of the last rebels who had barricaded themselves in the basements and swore not to surrender.

The monument was presented to the public in 1948, on the fifth anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. It was sculpted by the artist Natan Rapaport, who was assisted by its founder, architect Suzanne. Rapaport was a Jewish sculptor, painter and photographer who was born in Warsaw and lost all his family in the Holocaust. Throughout his life, after the war, he devoted his most important and best-known works to commemorating those who perished and fought the Nazis.

Next to the monument, the German Chancellor Willy Brandt knelt down in 1970 to commemorate the victims and begged forgiveness for the German crimes against the Jewish people. The Poles thanked him by naming the square in front of the monument after him.

A replica of the monument is also in the Warsaw Ghetto Square, on the Yad Vashem plaza in Jerusalem. Many see it as one of the most important symbols of the Holocaust and heroism heritage.



#What To See at the Monument?

The monument manages to present the amazing contrast between heroism and the inconceivable walk, like sheep to the slaughter, to a fate of unparalleled cruelty.

On one side of the monument, statues of heroic soldiers are displayed against the backdrop of the Ghetto in flames and Jews being sent to extermination. They hold hand grenades, rifles and Molotov cocktails, as symbols of their heroism. This side is called "The Struggle."

On the other side of the monument is the "March to Death," where you can learn about the suffering, torture and killing of the victims, by a group of religious Jews walking head down to their deaths.

The monument is made of blocks of stone that were brought by the Germans from Sweden and originally designated for the establishment of the memorial monuments of Hitler and the Germans.



#Jewish Heroism in the Holocaust

From the Monument to the Ghetto Heroes begins a tour in the wake of the Ghetto rebels. The trail, called "The Path of Heroism," was inaugurated in 1988 on the 45th anniversary of the uprising.

The trail, which begins here on Zamenhof Street, has 16 memorial stones of granite - each dedicated to the memory of a character from the Jewish past of the city.



A Closer Look at the Monument:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dySZgs-ttXo
Lazienki Park
Łazienki Park
#About Warsaw's Largest Park

Łazienki Park is the largest park in Warsaw. This is the favorite meeting place for Warsaw residents, who come here to relax and enjoy nature. From a family picnic or a morning run to a trip that allows you to clean your head, here the Warsaw people enjoy a perfect moment and urban tranquility.

There was a magnificent palace in the park, the same one used by the kings of Poland. The park was the palace garden in the past. The original garden was designed in the 17th century in a rich Baroque style. Today the park looks like a green forest, with expanse and charming views just a short walk away from the city center.

The park received the name "Lazienki" - "baths" in Polish, because of the palace on the water, a palace which is one of the most important and beautiful points.

The park has quite a few interesting spots and attractions. Notice, for example, the large statue of Chopin, with a bench next to it. In the park you will also see an open theater that even shows performances during the summer. There is also a Greek temple and an Egyptian temple, botanical gardens with greenhouses and a variety of exotic plant species and the statue of Jan Sobieski, the romantic king.

In the park is also the Chopin Monument, whose appearance changes, depending on the direction from which it is viewed.

The atmosphere in the park is pleasant, with a variety of colorful flowers and green trees, along paths and lawns filled with toddlers running all over the place. Do not be surprised if you suddenly encounter a group dancing a traditional Polish dance, an open concert of a symphony orchestra or a show of knights on horseback.

By the way, there are about 400 sweet squirrels, along with peacocks and birds.


#Tips

Every Sunday at 12:00 pm and 4:00 pm, at the Chopin Monument in the park, a free concert is played by the famous artist, but great local artists. The gun experience is best when the weather is nice!


A Closer Look at the Park:

https://youtu.be/mvD7MPubtB0


A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/kSMEK2qM1Io


Biblioteka Uniwersytet Warszawski
Warsaw University Library
#About the Library with the Unique Botanical Garden

Near the University of Warsaw is the University library (BUW, or Biblioteka Uniwersytet Warszawski), built in an impressive architectural building, whose walls are full of texts in all languages.

Books, however, are not what pull tourists into this library, but the big garden, rich and unique that lies above. This is not a library, nor a park, but a hybrid building, innovative and groundbreaking.

The library attracts many tourists, plant enthusiasts as well, who come to enjoy the beautiful roof with the botanical garden. The garden opened on June 2002, and is one of the largest roof gardens in Europe, having two different floors. The building and garden intertwine, in a harmonizing way, both from the inside and out, a combination of light and darkness and between restriction and freedom.

The big library (10,000 square meters) was built by the architectural duo Marek Budzynski and Zbigniew Badowski with the landscape architect Irena Bajerska, after winning a competition to design the building in 1993. They presented a whole new design concept, that fit the changing political, cultural and financial scene at the time, after being under Communist rule until 1989.

The whole building is covered in climbing plants, and is a great example of energy conservation and green building. The roof is open from Spring to Fall. From the roof you can see the view of the city landscape, and of passersby on the streets below.

There is an abundance of attractions that work well with the pretty building, like a stream, coy pond, fountains, bridges, seating areas, walking trails, greenery, granite sculpture and viewing areas.



A Closer Look at the University of Warsaw Library:

https://youtu.be/69pE8lOzPdw


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.