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Kapal ar
Grand Bazaar
#About the Huge and Exciting Istanbul Market

With more than 3,000 stores, the Grand Bazaar (Kapalıçarşi) is one of the largest markets in the world, and definitely the largest covered market in the world. The Grand Bazaar, founded by the Sultan Mehmet II between 1445-1461, is also one of the oldest indoor markets in Europe.

It is large, fascinating and you can spend long days in it. From clothes, jewelry, pottery, spices, carpets, oriental decorations, second-hand shoes to cafes, restaurants and tea buffets - this market, also known as the "covered market," offers just everything.

The market attracts about a quarter of a million people every day and has 10 mosques. In fact, the large bazaar extends from west to east, over 60 streets. It is an independent urban district, stretching from the Beyazit Mosque to the mosque of Nuruosmaniye. The quarter is also named after the market "Kapalıçarşı."



#History of the Big Bazaar and What is Here

In the days of Byzantium, the bazaar served as a center for popular commerce. Somewhere in 1453, Mehmet II, known as Mehmet the Conqueror, established the first and smallest bazaar, as a popular market.

In the 16th century it was significantly expanded, by Suleiman the First. Since then it has grown steadily, taking over the whole area, so much so that the neighborhood was named after it.

In the 20th century, when popular tourism broke out and became a huge economic and cultural phenomenon, the same vibrant but local market developed. Gradually it became the vast, tourist-rich bazaar.

In the center of the bazaar you will find the center of the carpets and antiques (IC Bedester). On one side is a marble fountain and on the other is an entrance gate with the symbol of the Byzantine Empire. If you pass through it, the gate will lead you to the silver and gold area.

And in general, the big bazaar of today, with its thousands of shops, is divided into different areas. These are "guilds" of professionals and businesses. There are areas of jewelry, other antiques, carpets, clothing, fabrics, household equipment, leather goods, ornaments and more.

There are also countless Oriental souvenir shops, ceramic tiles and Turkish-style pottery, as well as souvenirs for tourists and gifts from Turkish specialties and sweets.

There are countless popular restaurants in the market, coffee shops that sip authentic Turkish tea or coffee and food and drink stalls, where it is fun to savor local Turkish street food.


#Tips

Do you hate crowds? -? Come here in the mornings, when the market is empty. Then you can also enjoy opening prices, for the first sale of the day, when vendors are more generous.

The market is huge. Set aside time and get out when you feel dizzy.

You should check the goods carefully.

Bargaining in the bazaar is legitimate and recommended.



#A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/C4dIfhBacU4


#In the Morning:

https://youtu.be/Upycqau-hUw


#Bloggers:

https://youtu.be/MtEaYaJDKXs


With tour guide:

סיור מודרך? - לחצו על הכפתור הצף...

https://youtu.be/wdN1qihg-CI
Bosphorus Strait
Bosphorus Strait
#The Strait that Separates Asia and Europe

The Bosphorus Strait, is the name of the strait that separates the Mediterranean Sea from the Black Sea. Istanbul is actually built along the strait beaches, which for 30 kilometers separates between Asia and Europe, letting the city enjoy both world.

One side is the Asian side, and the other side is the European side - There are not many places like this, and no place like here will physically illustrate the role that Istanbul's culture and geography has played in the history of the two continents.

The Bosphorus beaches are a mixture of contrasts, between modesty and luxury, between past and present. One on side there are many simple fishing villages, and next door a big and modern hotel. You will see the large palaces and nearby ancient fortress, usually in ruins.

Many say that a visit to Istanbul is not complete without sailing on the Bosphorus. While sailing, you can enjoy the open and fresh air, with the wonderful view. While on the river you can see the Bosphorus banks filled with villas and expensive houses, some new and modern, some old and grand. You can see a large portion of the city from here, including some of the beautiful mosques.

Notice the two fortresses on either side of the strait. These protection fortresses are called Andulo Hissari and Rumi, and they were built to collect tax from all that passed through the straits. They are worth visiting and exploring, as well as seeing the wonderful views of the surroundings and impressive city.



#Tips

The best way to see the strait is from a boat sailing from Port Aminono, and sails from one beach to the next, between Asia and Europe.

There are also boats that sail with a breakfast from the Galata Bridge area. These boats stop in different and interesting places, where you can go doing from the boat, and then sail away again.



Sailing the Bosphorus Strait:

https://youtu.be/MkLnUR0OsUQ


Fast Forwarding:

https://youtu.be/JMczEw7DrR0


Bosphorus cruise? - Press the floating button ...

https://youtu.be/_-9czmaiCEM
Galata Tower
Galata Tower
#About the Ancient Tower with Pencil Top and Panoramic View

In the center of the new city, on the northern bank of the Golden Horn and in the heart of the commercial center, market and port of Constantinople, stands the Galata Tower (Galata Külesi), identified by its pointed dome, which resembles the point of a pencil.

It is only 62 meters high, but the Galata Tower is still one of the most prominent buildings on the northern skyline of Istanbul. You can go up and view from the balcony at the base of the dome, the Golden Horn, the old city and the magnificent view of Istanbul. The magnificent view offers 360 degrees to the city and its surroundings and is especially beautiful in the afternoon and evening.

In addition to the observation point, there is also a restaurant and a nightclub at the top of the Galata Tower. So what became a viewpoint at the Galata, became a clear observation point for tourists who were amazed by the view of Istanbul.

The tower is located in the medieval Genoa neighborhood. It is an area in a city that was once known as a difficult and poor area, with quite a bit of crime and violence. Today, it has undergone significant change and is considered one of Istanbul's entertainment attractions.


#History of the tower

The Galata Tower was originally built in the Byzantine period, as part of the fortifications of the city. It was destroyed later, rebuilt and destroyed several times, including during the Ottoman Empire period.

The next significant time it was rebuilt was in the 14th century. This construction, in 1348, was in the hands of Italians. It was then built in the heart of the merchants' colony that was here. They came here from Genoa, Italy, and the tower served as the northernmost defensive site on the walls of the city.

During the Ottoman period, the tower was used for various purposes, including a warning observation of fires during certain periods, during the days of Sultan Suleiman as a prison, and in the 16th century during the reign of Murad III as a star observatory.

In the modern era, the tower has ceased to be relevant to the city's security. In the 1960's, the Galata Tower became a tourist center, and in 1990 it was renovated and opened to the general public. Today it is especially known for its pointed shape and its balcony, which has a great view of the Old City and the Golden Horn, the magnificent bay that emerges from the Bosporus.


#Was Flight Born in Galata?

Local history tells us that from the Galata Tower, an Ottoman scientist called Ahmet Chalabi jumped off somewhere in the 17th century and began to fly out of the tower using artificial wings. According to legend, he flapped his wings until he could fly and reach the other side of the Bosphorus Strait.

It is not clear how true these legends are, but history backs up some of them. Zaraphan Ahmet Chalabi was indeed a scientist from the Ottoman Empire of the early 17th century, who lived during the reign of Sultan Murad IV. He was doing his experiments on the flight right here. At one point, the adventurous pilot tried to fly from this tower toward the Oscoder. He did use artificial wings. Some report that he failed and was forced to land an emergency landing, while others say he reached to the other side of the Bosphorus.

In any case, the Sultan appreciated the achievement of the Turkish Icarus, and awarded him a large money prize. Under the influence of clerics and an attempt to prevent others from imitating the bold pilot, he exiled the pilot to Algeria.

It is possible, then, that the Ottoman scientist who preceded the Wright Brothers and even the Mongolians in the study of aviation, succeeded in flying with his muscles and wings made from the feathers of an eagle, to a considerable distance.

The evidence for this appears in a book by historian and traveler named Evia Chalabi, a man who is skeptical about his descriptions, especially because he tends to exaggerate and give details that have no factual support. But the Turks believe in the matter and the name of their aviation pioneer is now called the Zaraphan airport in Istanbul. Much respect!



#Tips

It is worth visiting the tower in the afternoon or evening.



#A Visit:

https://youtu.be/EdPZvWKzUaI



A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/WopUYO2hbRU
Blue Mosque
Sultan Ahmed Mosque
#About the Mosque Designed to Overshadow the Hagia Sophia

Envy is said to increase wisdom, but in the case of the Blue Mosque (Sultanahmet Camii), it has brought about extraordinary beauty. This mosque, one of the most magnificent mosques in the world, was built when the young Sultan Ahmet instructed his royal architect, Sadafar Mehmet Aga, to build the most magnificent Islamic structure on the world. The Sultan demanded a structure that would overshadow the Church of Hagia Sophia in Istanbul.

The mosque, located near the Topkapi Palace and also known as the Sultanahmet Camii Mosque, after the sultan who initiated it and was buried in it, was deliberately built in front of the church of Hagia Sophia. In so doing, it was intended to lead to the recognition of the superiority of Islamic construction over Christian construction. What do you think? Did he succeed?

Either way, construction proceeded quickly. During which the Sultan personally and closely followed the progress of the works. His fear led to high meticulousness, artistic, and engineering quality. The Sultan did not spare any money and resources for this flagship project, which enabled the builders to bring in the best experts, technologies of the period and the necessary materials. This can be seen, for example, in the stones from the holy Kaaba in Mecca, which were placed in the Mekhareb. This is the Muslim prayer niche, which faces towards the city of Mecca.

In just 7 years, the huge mosque was completed and inaugurated in 1616. The wonderful result is indeed one of the most beautiful Islamic structures in the world. Even those who do not connect with Muslim architecture and mosques will benefit from this special light and the wonderful structure.

Even if it has not managed to overshadow the Hagia Sophia, the Blue Mosque manages to compete pretty well with its beauty and majesty. The Sultan loved it very much and every Friday he would march to the building, a ceremonial and solemn march. Even in the 20th century, when the royal court moved from the nearby Topkapi Palace, it retained its prestigious status. From each of his balconies, at least 16 muezzins used to read simultaneously to the faithful.

The mosque received the nickname Blue Mosque from the 20,000 blue tiles that decorate its walls, and were brought here from the Turkish city of Iznik.



#Why Were the Religious Scholars Mad About This mosque?

Until the modern construction of the 20th century, the mosque, the only mosque in the city with six minarets, was considered one of the most ambitious, if not the most ambitious, architectural creations built in the Middle East and around the world.

When it was inaugurated, this mosque aroused the anger of Muslim clerics. They were furious at the Sultan Ahmet's attempts to build a mosque that would resemble and even compare to that of the holy city of Mecca. The Sultan, who understood that the entanglement with religion was a danger to his rule, gave in to them. He agreed to finance something that would symbolize the advantages of the city of Mecca over Istanbul. As a fair compromise, he paid a lot of money to finance the construction of a seventh minaret to be built at the Kaaba mosque in Mecca. This seventh tower demonstrated the superiority of that mosque, over the Blue Mosque, the mosque with only 6 minarets.



#Architecture and What to See Here?

Pay attention to this unique mosque. Where it stands today, Byzantine palaces have once stood. Pay attention to the six minarets, the muezzin minarets, which imitates the Kaaba mosque in Mecca.

Along the magnificent walls of the mosque, which is covered with blue tiles, you will see the 260 stained-glass windows. These windows create a blue light that brings a mystical, almost holy, atmosphere to the mosque. This light, which falls on the 20,000 blue tiles, is a masterpiece of meticulous and smart architectural design.

Inside the impressive and decorated building, there are thousands of hand-decorated tiles, with more than 200 stained-glass windows, and next to them are calligraphy and stylized oil lamps that were used to illuminate the mosque before the invention of the electric bulb.

Next to the mosque you will see a fountain given to Sultan Abd al-Hamid II by the German Kaiser Wilhelm II. Nearby is the Sultan Ahmet Square.

Exit the Blue Mosque through the gate from the courtyard and you will reach a large square. You are in the Hippodrome of the 3rd century AD. It is a horse racing track and chariot, established by Emperor Septimus Severus. It contains 100,000 seats and serves as a multi-participant race in the Roman and Byzantine empires.


#What Did the Tiles do for Iznik?

The city of Iznik, whose name is derived from its Greek name Nikka, is a historic city. It was known in the Middle Ages for its ceramics and tiles.

In fact this city, Iznik, was the capital of the empire of Nicaea in Asia Minor, but the Ottoman occupiers in 1331 changed its name to Iznik. When the Ottomans conquered Constantinople, the city diminished in importance, however over the years, Iznik became known as the center of the ceramics and tile industry.

The tiles and ceramic tools made their name all over the world. At that time they used them in luxury buildings throughout the Ottoman Empire, including the tomb of King David on Mount Zion in Jerusalem.

According to Turkish tradition, it is said that due to the enormous amount of tiles required for the construction of the Blue Mosque, Iznik's traditional potters were appalled. The city's artistic potters did not dare to defy the Sultan's demand for tens of thousands of tiles for the mosque he desired. The amount required for the Blue Mosque was unprecedented, but they were up to the task. The Sultan's terror worked, and they worked on these tiles until they were completely exhausted, but when the work on the tiles was finished, they could not return and restore Iznik's great ceramics to its best days. Over the years that followed, the Turks say, this industry has reduced in the city.



#Tips

Entrance is free.

Modest dress is required here, no short clothes, women will need to cover their heads (either bring your own, or bury one at the entrance).

Men need to take off their shoes outside.

The mosque is closed to visitors during prayers.


#A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/1IAGs6Xio4w



#Inside Tour of Prayers:

https://youtu.be/lWSp2kYBsno

Must Seein Istanbul

aalolu Hamam
Cagaloglu Hamam
#About Istanbul's Recommended Hamam

If most of the hamams are like tourist attractions, the Cagaloglu Hamam (Çağaloğlu Hamam) is an authentic hamam, first built in the 18th century.

In fact, this hamam, in 1741, was given as a gift to the city of Istanbul by Sultan Mahmoud. Over the years, many of the world's rulers and many celebrities have enjoyed it while visiting the city. In addition to bathing, it offers a great variety of treatments and is recommended for those who want to experience the real Turkish bath.

In the hamam, located on Professor Kazim Gorkan Street 34, in the old town, you will enter the hallway, directly into a room full of marble and Corinthian columns, into a mist of warm steam. Men and women go into separate section where they will be given a variety of treatments in order, including body bath, dry scrubbing, massages, bathing, rebounding, more massage and finally overlap.

In the hamam you can also experience a wet sauna and several treatments, enjoy the lounges and sip a cup of hot tea. When you are done, you will find that all the dirt that you have accumulated by wandering the city has been cleaned, and you will be loaded with new energies to continue the trip.



#What is the Hamam?

The Hamam, the Arabic word for a Turkish bathhouse, is a damp bathing place originating in the Middle East and North Africa. It has a wet and dry sauna, with a pampering heat that penetrates the bones and a cold bath after sweating. In the hamam people lay and sweat calmly, and when when the heat is too much they wash off in cool water.

The name "Turkish bath" is an incorrect name given by the Europeans, since they only knew about the hamam from the Ottoman Empire. But hamams are not Turkish, they are Roman bathhouse. A custom that was practiced in many cities throughout the Roman Empire. The connecting thread to the Turkish bath came from the time when the city was called Constantinople and was ruled by the Byzantine Empire.

Cultural and social, the hamam served for hundreds of years as a separate meeting place for men and women. Here the townspeople heard local gossip of the week, and removed some of the conservative burden of tradition. This was especially noticeable among women, for it was the only place where the women of the city allowed themselves to be free from the rigid masculine control that surrounded them elsewhere. The men, for their part, developed fantasies and told tales about what was happening inside the walls of the female wing of the hamam.

Today there are "saunas" all over the world that are parallel to the Turkish bathhouses, with the clean and sanitary options they offer - sweat and then wash in cold water and sometimes get a pampering massage. But the magic of the East and the hamam, still attracts many.



#Tips

In each hamam, ask for a massage therapist, unless you are experienced and want to get Turkish massage - a particularly dislocating experience...

Want to visit another hamam? - Try the Çemberlitaş Hamami, next to the big bazaar in the Old City. This is the largest and most important hamam in Istanbul.

Hamam Amin Sinan is a smaller hamam but also historical.



#A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/OQFWpi1iTJQ



#A Visit:

https://youtu.be/c6rlg5D755I
Hagia Sophia
Hagia Sophia
# About the Wonderful Church that Became a Mosque, and Today a Museum

For centuries, the Church of Hagia Sophia was considered the largest and most magnificent church in the world. This is a very beautiful and impressive building.

The Church of St. Sophia, whose name means "Church of Holy Wisdom," was built in the 6th century, during the Byzantine Empire. For about 1,000 years it was the center of the Byzantine Empire. In the 15th century, when the Ottomans took over Istanbul, they converted it into a mosque.

The Hagia Sophia is considered one of the most famous buildings in the world. This is a very impressive building with enormous dimensions, the size of which competes with its beauty. In fact, it is the largest Christian cathedral in Turkey. Do not miss the beautiful mosaic decorations.

In front of the Hagia Sophia you will see the stone that marks the zero point. This stone survived from the Byzantine period. It was then used as a landmark of the "center of the universe," as they saw the world at the time. From it were marked mile stones, distances all over the empire.



#History of Hagia Sophia

Between the 4th and 6th centuries the Hagia Sophia was rebuilt several times in Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine Empire that was in Istanbul today and was burned down. The present structure is the last one to survive 1,400 years since the 6th century, when it was built as a church of Constantinople.

It was built at the time, by Emperor Justinian I, by 10,000 workers and builders. At the end of 536 CE, it was inaugurated, and for a thousand years it was considered the largest church in the world.

In the 15th century, after the Byzantine Empire sank, Constantinople was conquered by the Ottomans who hastened to turn it into the Hagia Sophia Mosque. They added to it fountains and high minarets, the mausoleum minarets characteristic of the mosques.

In the 1930's, the mosque became a museum and up to today.



#Church Architecture

The Hagia Sophia, originally a Greek Orthodox church, is one of the most prominent examples of the art and architecture of the Byzantine Empire. The church, which was destroyed during the 6th century CE, was renovated and preserved with techniques that were developed specifically for it, giving it the glory of the most important building of Byzantine architecture.

Its exterior and slightly grayish exterior, may be misleading. Because this large church is well planned.

And it is not only because of the size, that the church of Hagia Sophia, which has become a mosque, can be considered an architectural work of art. It has wonderful and unique gold mosaics, which cause the breath to shift from its entrance. In these golden mosaics you can see iconic figures in the history of Christianity, such as the Virgin Mary, the Archangel Gabriel and various Byzantine emperors.

Even in the foyer, before leaving the church, on the way to her large, impressive exit gate, she looked back and up. See and notice the magnificent mosaic, in which Jesus and Madonna are seen in the center, to the right of which the Emperor Justinian holds the Hagia Sophia and to the left the Emperor Constantine presenting the model of the city.

So both artistically and architecturally it is a masterpiece that is no less incomprehensible. You are entitled to feel lucky - from the day of its construction until today, the Hagia Sophia influenced many buildings and churches in the world and is a real world icon!


#Tips

It is worth going up to the gallery on the second floor and looking out into the vast space of the church. Notice also the special mosaics of the Middle Ages.


# A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/e4SUrFdWLfE



#Church Pictures:

https://youtu.be/fFqnMcDC4Ts



#A Tour:

https://youtu.be/8mgGDfcYza4
Dolmabahçe Sarayı
Dolmabahce Palace
#About the Palace Used by the Sultan in the 19th Century

The Dolmabahce Palace (Dolmabahçe Sarayi) in Achça is the palace that served as the rulers of Turkey from the 19th century. It was built in 1854 by Sultan Abdul Majid.

The palace, decorated in the style of the Turkish Renaissance, is located in the district of Siktis in Istanbul, on the European bank of the Bosphorus Strait.

This is a "modest" palace, covering almost 45,000 square meters, with 285 rooms, 43 halls, 68 bathrooms, 6 bathrooms and 6 balconies.

The meaning of Dolmabahce Sarayi is "a full garden".

Indeed, the gardens of the Dolmabahce Palace are one of the most amazing wonders in Istanbul.



#History of the palace

Dolmabahce Palace was built in 1856 for the Sultan Abdul Majid. The Sultan was suffering at that time in the Topkapi Palace. He wanted to impress kings and rulers in the great world, he sought a modern palace different from the one in his possession, Topkapi Palace. Instead of the palace, which was designed according to the Ottoman tradition, he decided on a palace like in Europe. Thus was born this palace, which looks like an imperial charm but is completely Turkish.

Dolmabahce Palace was built quite quickly, in a beautiful, open bay for construction. It was built on land created after filling the beach with the Bosphorus in the ground. Since its construction, the palace has served as the main residence of the Sultans. This continued until the 1920's, with the end of the sultanate and the Ottoman Empire, due to the defeat in World War I.

Throughout this period, the palace and its beautiful defenders, the Sultan and his aides, have been watching over their sinking Ottoman Empire, which historians call the "sick man of Europe," fading towards the end.

After Ataturk came to power, at the end of World War I, he, too, chose to spend his last years here. He died here in 1938. To this day, all the clocks in the palace teach about the death of the leader and the great Turkish nation.

Today the palace serves as a museum. The Turkish government uses it for various official receptions and ceremonies.



#What Do You See Here?

The entrance to the palace is through the imperial gate. If you arrive at the palace during the summer months, you can watch a band of Janissary soldiers playing on Tuesday afternoons in a style that was common during the Ottoman Empire.

The palace has three main parts: the section dedicated to the Sultan, its ceremonial and official area and the harem, where the Sultan's women and his mistresses lived and lived.

Already at the entrance to the palace you can see the great splendor of the Turkish sultans. In the crystal foyer and the crystal-laden stairwell, all the balustrades, chandeliers and lamps from Crystal Baccara are made of glittering crystal. This is the most famous of the palace rooms and rooms.

Later on, especially in the main hall, the tour continues and displays beautiful carpets and a range of luxury objects in the palace. Along with the abundance of furniture, many rugs and luxurious crystals in the magnificent palace, you will also see the Royal Bathroom, a fascinating sight that illustrates the magnificence here, in every detail of the life of the Turkish sultans.

A historical component of the tour of the palace is that of Ataturk, the founder of modern Turkey. The leader, known as "the father of the Turks," spent the last few years in the palace. Visiting the Dolmabahce Palace, you can see the bed on which Atatürk lay at the time of his death. Pay attention to the clocks at the palace, indicating the time when the revered leader died.

The tour usually ends in the courtyard leading to the beach. Dolmabachce's well-kept gardens have a spectacular view of the Bosphorus and the Asian Bank of Istanbul.


#Tips

It is recommended to buy tickets in advance and not wait and stand in the lines.

The visit to the palace is with guide - a tour starts every few minutes in the museum, with museum guides.

It's worth sitting in the cafeteria opposite the Bosphorus in the palace!


#A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/jB61qRTSEy4
Bosphorus Bridge
Bosphorus Bridge
#About the bridge that connects Asia to Europe

The Bosphorus Bridge is a bridge in Istanbul, linking the Asian part of the city with its European part. Crossing the bridge is over the Straits of Bosphorus, straits that separate the continents.

The bridge itself is a suspension bridge, 1,510 meters long and 39 meters wide. Although they dreamed of building it since the 5th century BC, it was built only in 1973, when it cost about $ 200 million.

This bridge is spectacular in its beauty, both in the view from it and in the unique experience of the passage between it, between the two continents.


#tips
To pass the bridge there is a toll on the Asian side of the bridge.

Due to many cases of suicide, it is now impossible to cross the Bosphorus by walking, but only in vehicles.


Remote view:

https://youtu.be/6K3IKI3tiV8


Maiden's Tower
Maiden’s Tower
#About the Tower on the Little Island

The Maiden’s Tower is an 18th-century tower on a tiny island in the Bosphorus Straits near Istanbul.

Today there is a cafe and a restaurant in the tower, but originally a tower built in the 12th century was used to protect the city. The current tower, built of stone in 1790, was also intended for military purposes.

Legend has it that the original tower was built by Sultan, who was afraid of a dream he had dreamt, where a snake bit will kill his innocent innocent daughter. The king, determined to protect his beloved daughter, locked her in the tower. Thus, he believed, he would be able to keep her and the prophecy from coming true.

But such prophecies, at least in legends, would come to fruition. To the sorrow of the loving and protective king, a snake managed to crawl into a food basket and when the food was brought to the princess in the tower, the serpent came out of the basket and bit her. Thus died the princess imprisoned in the tower and the prophecy was fulfilled.



#A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/cgc8hLQQWTw



#Another Look at Istanbul, the Tower and More:

https://youtu.be/nL5R9INoRFM
Galata Bridge
#About the World's Biggest Draw Bridge

Galata Bridge was built in 1994 above the Bosphorus and is considered one of the best vantage points of the city. It is the largest draw bridge in the world.

Galata Bridge reveals a wonderful view of the Istanbul skyline, paved with minarets and churches. It is an exciting urban landscape, one of the oldest and most impressive cities in the world and undoubtedly one of the most inspiring and historic ones in the world. If in the past the city authorities charge residents a half-tax, today you can view from here in the landscape free of charge.

The current bridge is not the first one built here. Plans to bridge the Bosphorus were made in the city as early as the 15th century. Leonardo da Vinci was in charge too, and Michelangelo was also invited to design such a bridge, but rejected the request.

The first bridge was finally built here, only in the middle of the 19th century. Various bridges have been built here, all of them connected between the old city of Istanbul and the newer neighborhoods on the other side. Five bridges were built here.



#A Visit to the Bridge:

https://youtu.be/d2d04CE948Q
Topkapi Palace
#About the Sultan's Palace, As it Appears in the Arabian Nights

Topkapi Palace (Topkapi Muzesi Sarayi) is a large and impressive palace, that between the 15th to 19th centuries served as a residence for the sultans of the Ottoman Empire. It is located in the Sultanahmet district of the Old Town, on the European side of Istanbul. It is one of the most fascinating palaces in the world.

At its peak, some 5,000 people lived and worked in the wonderful Topkapi palace. Its name means "palace of the cannon gate," because the gate with the same name that faces the Bosphorus is located next to the palace.

For 400 years the palace served as the official palace of the Ottoman sultans. The magnificent palace is adorned with wonderful tiles and beautiful mosaics, laden with rich gold ornaments, precious gems and exquisite diamonds.

In the 19th century it was also the administrative center of the entire Ottoman Empire. The various buildings were designed to serve the needs of the empire and those of the Sultan and his family.

The popular part of Topkapi is the Harlem. This is the "palace" where the family lived. This building is 300 rooms and the one that stands highest. This is the region where the Sultan lived, alongside his wives and mistresses. "Haram" in Turkish means "forbidden," since the area was forbidden to enter for anyone who was not the Sultan and his family. By the way, what the Sultan did here, we will not say, but whoever ruled the harem was... his mother!

Today, the Topkapi Palace houses a monarchy museum, showing the sultans' treasures, weapons and a host of precious objects left behind. There are also great museums, such as the archaeological museum with ancient artifacts from Istanbul and the city of Constantinople, the Byzantine capital that preceded it.



#What Do you See Here?

Inside the palace you will see an extensive park, a number of courtyards and various buildings, some of which are contemporary museums. There is also a church from the Byzantine period.

Inside the Topkapi Palace, you can see a host of interesting things, from the magnificent collection of royal jewels, through diamond-encrusted crowns, a host of precious stones, fancy costumes, ancient sultanate weapons, a canopy and diamond chairs.

Take note of the huge palace kitchen, where 20,000 meals were prepared each day for the residents and guests of the palace. Pay attention to the Chinese china, the belief here was that in the case of poisoned food - their color will change.

See the "Diwan" in which the Imperial Council was convened, the one with whom the Sultan consulted on his decision-making and the administration of the mighty Ottoman Empire.

In addition, you will also see a large Ottoman-style library, an impressive banquet hall and more. From the windows of the huge palace you can see the Sea of Marmara and the city.

After seeing the vast collection of dishes in the palace, with more than 15,000 Chinese porcelains, look for the karatishki diamond weighing 86 carats!

From the balcony of the palace you can look, just like the sultans in the past, to the Bosphorus, the ancient city walls, the 1300-year-old walls, and the houses of the surrounding Old Town.

There are four main courtyards in the palace, including a variety of buildings, which were then intended to serve the needs of the empire, the 4,000 inhabitants of the palace and the Sultan family:

The first courtyard includes an extensive park with the local ticket office. On the left is the church of Aya Irini, preserved here from the Byzantine period. The entrance gate to the museum is also the gate that separates this courtyard from the second courtyard.

The second courtyard includes the palace kitchens and the china and glass display. Next to them are the entrance to the women's harem and the Imperial Council Hall.

The third courtyard - the library, the treasury of the famous diamond, the costume hall, the reception room and the hall of the sacred remains.

The fourth courtyard - the Baghdad House, the prayer room, the doctor's house and an expensive restaurant, with a magnificent view.



#History of the Palace

Topkapi Palace was built in the 15th century by Sultan Mehmet II. It was then used as the administrative center of the strong Ottoman Empire.

The palace, which is actually a large complex, with 4 main courtyards and several buildings, was designed and developed to be a "city within a city." It continued to serve as the Sultan of Turkey, expanded, burned, restored and abandoned when the Sultan moved to the Palace of the Dolmabachs in the 19th century, which he built for himself as a more modern and fashionable European palace.

In the 20th century, the palace became a historical museum, displaying various aspects of life in the Ottoman Empire, with an emphasis on its sultanate and nobility. The museum exhibits Ottoman royal jewelry, along with archaeological artifacts and ancient treasures. There is also Pavillion, the most sacred pavilion for Muslims, showing the remains of the Prophet Muhammad, his teeth and hair, as well as the remains of some of the caliphs that accompanied him and continued him.



#Tips

A ticket for a guided tour of the "Hermon", home to 600 Sultan's wives, concubines, princes and other members of the Sultan's family, must be purchased separately.



#A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/6sQ1bkyR6ao



#Visit to the Palace:

https://youtu.be/J3Ki7ZV0aYM



#The Jewelry Museum:

https://youtu.be/_xhCSfE72a0



#Training:

https://youtu.be/0zvyMapOP5c



https://youtu.be/G4mTOJt12Ic


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

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בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.