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Netherlands
Amelisweerd & Rhijnauwen
#About the Slice of Heaven in the Village Near Utrecht

Want to experience some Dutch nature out of town? In this forest, not far from Utrecht, you can do just that. There will be no specific attractions or exciting historical sites, but simply a lovely and pleasant forest for walking, seeing many animals, the lakes and the great forest. In fact two, the Rhijnauwen Forest and the Amelisweerd Forest.

When you come here, you are likely to reach the main lodge, the bar and its restaurant. These are historic buildings and wonderfully beautiful. If you like, book rooms here and spend a few relaxing days.

In any case, to reach the forest you can park in the main car park and stroll around, or enter the gate inside the main building and then turn right.



A Closer Look at the Forest:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uWLeUE9SFcY
Amsterdam Central Station
Amsterdam Central Station
#About the Station

By name you might expect to see a train station here, but the truth is that, like other European stations of former empires, the Amsterdam Central Railway Station is more like a palace or a museum. It is the only railway station located in the center of the city and is surrounded by canals of water.

The station was built in 1889 by the same architect who designed the Amsterdam National Museum, Pierre Cuypers. All international trains reach the railway station and in recent years more than 160,000 passengers visit it. The place has the status of a national heritage site. The building is adorned with decorations related to the sea and marine voyages, since in the past the place served as an internal port from which boats sailed.

Since 1997, the station building, the underground passages and the surrounding area have undergone extensive renovations and extensive maintenance work. When you get out of the station, you can see hundreds of bicycles around. Remember that bicycles are the most frequent means of transportation for locals in Amsterdam.



A Closer Look at the Station:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cZHayhUEvc8
De Nieuwe Kerk
The New Church
#About the Church

Although the name of the church is the New Church (De Nieuwe Kerk), the church is not really so new. The truth is that it was built in the 15th century, but it is relatively new compared to the ancient church built a hundred years earlier - Ode Kerk. The church is located in Dam Square, at number 12, near the Royal Palace. It boasts in impressive Gothic architecture.

The reason for the establishment of the new church was the limited size of the Ode Kerk Church in the face of the city's growing population during the second half of the 14th century.

In 1408 the bishop Frederik van Blankenheim van Utrecht allowed the second church to be erected. In 1452 the church was damaged, and took years to rehabilitate it. Some of the last parts completed in the church were the stylistic elements of the Renaissance.

Today, the church does not provide church services for the community, but serves as a display space and historical monument. It hosts concerts, exhibitions and ceremonies, including those of the royal family. Admission is free.



#Painting "View of Delft"

In the painting by the painter Johannes Vermeer, "View of Delft," you can see the church where you stand now -The New Church, where the painter was baptized, along with the old one (Ode Kerk), in which he was buried. The painting was completed in 1661 and you can see it today at the Royal Gallery of Mauritius in Hague, Netherlands.



#The Coronation of King William

In April of 2013 there was a particularly royal event in this church. About 1,000 journalists and masses of Dutch citizens wore orange (the royal color of the Netherlands) and came to applaud the queen and the Crown Prince.

Queen Beatrix passed the crown to her eldest son - William Alexander, after 33 years of royalty, at a spectacular coronation ceremony. This was the first ceremony in Holland in the past 122 years. The coronation ceremony was held in this church, De Nieuwe Kerk, with the participation of distinguished guests and guests only. During the ceremony, the King swore allegiance to the Parliament. There was great joy and excitement in the streets of the Netherlands, to the point of heavy security to maintain order. The air space over the capital was also closed for three days.



A Closer (and Breathtaking!) Look :

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SON2-grn-B4



Marilyn Monroe in Church:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mWWhxekRQhw
Beurs van Berlage
Beurs van Berlage
#About the Building

In this building, at the beginning of the 20th century, the Stock Exchange of Amsterdam operated. Due to its location on Damrak Street, it has maintained its nickname to this day, though the Stock Exchange has since moved to a new building. This building was designed by Dutch architect Hendrik Petrus Berlage and is considered one of the 100 most important buildings of the conservation department.

The building now serves as a center for exhibitions, conferences and other meetings.



A Closer Look at the Building:

https://youtu.be/x7uUllCLi7Y?t=27s



Various Events Held in the Building:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RmJraV4PY64

Netherlands

Begijnhof
Begijnhof
#About the Garden

Begijnhof, is a green and quiet compound, which, when you enter it, leaves behind the busy city. This is one of Amsterdam's most interesting escape spots. The rainbow arch, made of oak, will bring you into an ancient courtyard. This courtyard is surrounded by ancient houses, some of which have existed here since the 15th century. Although most of the original buildings have not been able to survive, the courtyard will still provide you with a historical sense.

The courtyard was built in 1346 for the women of Begijnhof. They were fraternal societies that devoted their lives to the sick and the needy. The Begijnhof lived a life that was very reminiscent of the life of the nuns, but instead of dedicating their lives to God, as nuns do, they devoted them to the poor. They had their own rules, which they were careful to keep. In 1578, with the religious revolution, the Protestants confiscated their Catholic Church at the end of the courtyard. Having no choice, the women were forced to continue their worship in secret, in improvised prayer houses.

In most of these housing units, single women still live today. Their apartments usually have one large room. Since the entire site is defined as a historic preservation asset, it is forbidden to demolish walls or one apartment here, which is the reason for the restrictive conditions. Do not forget, although the place is very interesting, it is a private compound and the quiet should be maintained.



A Closer Look at Begijnhof:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aIeXhkIqTog
Leidseplein
Leidseplein
#About a Square that's Full of Surprises in Amsterdam

On the city's outer ring, a few minutes' walk from Dam Square, you will see Leidseplein Square. It is one of the three largest squares in Amsterdam. The squares are for tourists and full of attractions. It is possible to find restaurants, cafes, unique hotels and the big Amsterdam Casino.

Around the square you will see circus artists, street performers, fire blowers and many more colorful personalities. The variety of tourists that come here also adds to the colorful and vibrant atmosphere. You will hear all kinds of languages here spoken by visitors from all over the world.

On summer days you will find the square alive with people who come here to rest in the cafes or restaurants around, or just wander here to breath the fresh air. On cold winter days, the square becomes an ice rink for children. During the evenings you can pass the time here in one of the pubs, at clubs, or at one of the "Coffee Shops" - stores where weed is sold, which is legal in Amsterdam.

If you are fans of the Ajax soccer teams, notice that the players sometimes, after victories, come and celebrate in the theater building, and mingle with their fans.

Also, the Dutch pronunciation for the name is "Leidsofline," so if you really want to feel a part of the culture, say Leidsofline!

So come on guys, to Leisofline!
Church of Saint Nicholas
Church of Saint Nicholas
#About the Church

The church was built in the 19th century by the architect Andrianus Bleijs, during a time when Catholics were prevented from building churches and presenting ritual elements. Bleijs designed the church in several styles, among them are the Noe-Baroque and Noe-Renaissance. This is the largest Catholic church in Amsterdam and is near the Central Train Station. Though its location is around hotels and residential buildings, it still catches the eyes, standing there tall and impressive.

The church was dedicated to Saint Nicholas, considered one of the patron saints of the whole city. You might know Saint Nicholas by his more well-known nickname, Santa Clause...

At the front of the building is the Rossetta window, whose center is designed as a flat plate that shows Jesus and his four Apostles. The window was created in 1886 by Van den Bossche, and his team of workers. Above the window is the holy statue that protects the church and Amsterdam. The statue was sculpted by Bart van Hove in 1886.

The main alter of the church describes the miracle of the half-digested bread, which was the most important religious event to happen in the city, and above it is the crown of Emperor Maximilian I. In the church walls you can see murals.

The church received its status as a basilica in 2012.
De Gooyer Windmill
De Gooyer Windmill
#About the Windmill

Windmills are one of the most prominent symbols of the Netherlands. A large number of windmills were built there in order to carry out the project of drying the land- drying up the lands of the Netherlands that were covered with seawater. Yes, 40% of the Netherlands was covered with seawater. Due to the population density and the need of the Dutch for living spaces, they launched a "war" against the sea and dried up large areas of it. Windmills were one of the most important means for drying out land, because of their ability to drain the ground. They were built in a simple, primitive way and many of them could be found scattered throughout the Netherlands.

One of the most prominent windmills in the Netherlands is the De Gooyer Windmill. This is the tallest wooden windmill in the Netherlands and it is defined as a national monument. It was built in the early 19th century, with a stone foundation of 26.60 meters. Although its blades are usable, they do not operate today. The windmill belongs to the city of Amsterdam and is not open for visitors.

You can reach the area, stroll by the building and sit down to sip a refreshing beer in a small brewery, where you can choose from a variety of organic beers.



A Closer Look at the Windmill:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rdrsKgehMLQ&t=21s


Nieuwendijk
Nieuwendijk
#About the Pedestrian Mall
Amsterdam's oldest shopping street is located in the heart of the city with a variety of attractive shops. Here you will find around 200 boutique stores, fashion shops, restaurants and local pubs. You can reach the pedestrian mall via the metro, the tram and the buses - whatever is convenient for you. The shops in the pedestrian mall are open seven days a week. On the website of the pedestrian mall you can find more details about the specific shops in the area and their opening hours.



A Closer Look at the Mall:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VLID55yKRSU
Amsterdam City Archives
#About the Municipal Archive of the Capital of the Netherlands

The archive offers an opportunity to be exposed to the history of the city of Amsterdam. This is done through official documents, letters and even audio materials. Among the fascinating documents here is a report about Anne Frank's bicycle theft in 1942 (she also mentioned it in her diary), a photograph of the Dutch entrepreneur Freddie Heineken in 1976, the student registration card of renowned footballer Johann Cruyff in 1947, and more.

It is likely that any book ever written about Amsterdam can be found in the archives. This is in addition to magazines and newspapers, some of which are 350 years old. There are more than 700,000 photos and a few thousand listings. It is the largest municipal archive in the world, and its exhibits are spread over shelves with a total length of 49 km.

The archive belongs to the government of Amsterdam. It also follows the way in which the various departments in the administrative structure of Amsterdam manages their archives and promise to preserve documents of importance to the history of the city.
Bazar
#Mix and Match of North African and Middle Eastern Food

If you miss other flavors and you're tired of strep and herring, it's time to look for something different. One of the best recommendations in Amsterdam is the North African Bazar.

The North African and Middle Eastern dishes are served at the bazar 24 hours a day. It is located in the Albert Cuyp area, which is usually crowded with food stalls, and are relatively cheaper.

There are many delicious foods here, falafel, kebab, pizza, fish, couscous and grilled meats with salads, including exotic dishes such as the Iranian salad and others.

From 5:00 pm there is a vegetarian menu and an evening menu are offered at the bazaar.



A Closer Look at the Restaurant:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DdBrUQc6xOQ
Munttoren
#About the Tower

Munttoren Tower, which became one of the symbols of Amsterdam, is located at Muntplein Square. Around here are some important places to note: the flower market, the pedestrian mall Kalverstraat, and the river intersection of the Amstel River with the Singel canal.

Originally, the tower was built around 1485, as a part of the main gate to the city of Amsterdam (called Regulierspoort) and included two towers and one guard house. In 1618, following a fire in the city, the guard house and one of the towers were destroyed. All that was left was a part of one tower. In 1619 the tower was renovated in the Renaissance style, and to its top four clocks were added. It was renovated again between 1885-1887, this tims in the Neo-Renaissance style.

If you were wondering about the origin of the tower's name, it is named after the currency dealt with during the 17th century in the guard house.

In 2006 the city of Amsterdam allocated 9.1 million euros to strengthen the foundations of the tower, mainly because of fears for damage during the construction of a new subway line in the city.
Resistance Museum
#About the Museum

This historical museum (Verzetsmuseum) tells the story of the Dutch people during World War II (1940-1945). The Dutch underground was an movement that opposed the Nazi occupation during the war. Through the intelligence it gathered, media networks were created that sabotaged the Nazi forces and helped to liberate the state from the Nazi regime.

In a permanent exhibit at the museum, you can learn about the life of the people through actions taken by the underground: strikes by the people, forgery of documents, opposition to power, underground journalism and more. You can watch amazing authentic materials from that period: recordings of speeches, documents, letters and pictures. You will learn about the different conflicts and stories of private individuals in all the commotion.

The founders of the museum emphasized the creation of an authentic atmosphere through visual means - to enable the visitor to take an integral part in the dilemmas of daily life under occupation.

Other colonists who receive expression here are the Dutch settlers in the colonies (especially those near India) controlled by the Japanese occupation. The children and their lives under German occupation also appear here. You can see their belongings, hear about their personal stories and be exposed to original displays from that time.

About 15,000 children visit the museum each year.




A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://youtu.be/nYyRPxlKtDo?t=8s
Allard Pierson Museum
#About the Museum of Archeology

The Allard Pierson Museum is the Museum of Archeology at the University of Amsterdam. It displays works of art and useful tools that came straight from ancient Egypt, the Far East, ancient Greece and Rome. You can also see examples of temples, ancient buildings, mummies, sarcophagi and ribbons that show the process of mummifying. Like many Amsterdam buildings, it is also located on the banks of the canal.

The museum was founded in 1934 and was named after Professor Allard Pierson, who was the first lecturer of archeology at the University of Amsterdam. Many of the items he collected over the years were acquired by the university after his death and are now exhibited here at the Allard Pierson Museum. Here are the plaster replicas he collected, sculptures and architectural elements from the Middle East, Greece and Italy. Other artifacts discovered by other archeology lecturers are also exhibited here, such as archaeologist Jan Six, are also on display at the museum.

Despite the museum's interest in archeology, it has a lot of experience in presenting innovation and connections to the 21st century. The renovations made here bring innovation, while trying to preserve the historical structure and authenticity. Beyond displays and permanent exhibits, there are also temporary exhibitions that change from time to time.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/KuW3cHAEY60



An Outside View:

https://youtu.be/ItWjQVaDwhQ
Amstel Park
#About the Park

Amstel Park (Amstelpark), located along the Amstel River was founded in 1972, and is one of the two most popular parks in Amsterdam.

Kids will find here a whole area full of attractions, like a petting zoo, ponies, mini golf, carousel, and go carts. For adults, there are art galleries spread around the park, where you can walk around the breath the artist's air.

The park is full of trees, lawns, and relaxing corners, walking lanes, and about 150 plant varieties and thousands of bushes (some reaching 4 meters in height). You can see the rose garden here, the butterfly garden, Japanese garden, and a small house showing off typical Dutch architecture.



A Closer Look at the Park:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZQPpLD9szyg
Amsterdam Sex Museum
#About the Museum

Amsterdam is known for its liberal atmosphere and freedom. It is not unique to find museums having to do with sex around the world, and so in Amsterdam you will also find this type of museum, but it is important to emphasis that there is no cheap porn here, it is rather interesting and artistic.

The museum was opened in 1985, operating for more than 20 years, is in a building that was built in the 17th century. It is divided into 3 floors, and on each one you can see displays and different exhibits about sex - from the Greek Empire, to the Roman, up to today. The museum holds its high standards among the sex museums around the world.

A wide collection was collected by the owner of the museum for personal use. Here you can see photos, drawings, artistic items, life-like statues and audio portions, clothing and erotica. All these have to do with the history of sex.

The museum has different exhibit rooms, with different people's names. Each room has background noises and creative art. An interesting room is the "Marquis de Sade" room, where you will hear a woman screaming in pleasure from the speakers. The Marquis de Sade was an author and philosopher that is mostly known thanks to his pornographic novels, and Sadism that was named after him.

The original name of the museum is the "Temple of Venus," named after the Goddess of gardens and vineyards of Roman mythology. At the entrance to the museum you can see the wax sculpture of Venus, in addition to some other fascinating statues, including Marilyn Monroe and her flouncing skirt, or male genital.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/zhfyy3Fd9Wo
Dapper Market
#About the Market

Dapper Market (Dappermarkt) started in the 20th century, and is named after Olfert Dapper, a Dutch historian from the 17th century. He is widely known thanks to his commitment to social service.

In 1910 three more streets were added to the market. The total market was spread over 660 square meters, with over 200 shops and stalls with various international merchandise. This market attracts many tourists. It is also fit for locals, by selling different cheeses, sausages, meat products, fruits, vegetables, and more. You can find a lot to eat here, food from different countries, different fabrics and home appliances.

In 2006 the market won an award for "The best market in Holland." The market is open 52 weeks a year, 6 days a week. Dapper Market is wide and comfortable to walk in, relaxing, colorful, and definitely worth the trip.




A Closer Look at the Market:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2EgHZYnPCYQ&t=1s


Cobra Museum
#About the Museum

The Cobra Museum, a museum for modern art in Amsterdam, was founded in 1995. In the museum you can see photos from the Cobra movement, that caused a revolution in Holland in 1974. Cobra is an avant-garde artistic movement that operated in northern Europe between 1948 and 1952.

This is a large and impressive museum. The name of the museum is a combination of the three cities where donators came from: Copenhagen, Brussels, and Amsterdam. The museum displays a wide variety of pieces by Dutch artists from different periods. You will see works of art and documentary materials.
Diamond Museum
#About the Museum

Amsterdam is a major center for diamond exchanges. True, not everyone can afford to own many of these, and this is why this museum is worth a visit.

The Diamond Museum displays different looks and colors: starting from jewelry and rocks from different time periods, all diamonds of course. Notice the variety of diamond crowns, rings, necklaces, bracelets and earrings, some were worn in the past by famous women in history.

The museum is small but straight to the point. During your visit you can watch a movie that explains the process of making the jewelry, combining mineral readings and the final diamond product, after polish. You can also learn the history of diamonds and their origins, and even see diamond polishers at work.



A Closer Look

https://youtu.be/iFNCLBQ9FPg


Another Look

https://youtu.be/JyCzc9UkIjc
Gouda Market
#About the City of Gouda

The city of Gouda, is a beautiful city where it's a lot of fun to walk around the alleyways. Gouda was founded in the 13th century, and was shadowed by the fortress that protected it. The fortress was destroyed in 1577, and brought about the city's decline. In the 17th century the cheese trade brought about a resurgence to the city, especially since the cheese is named after the city itself.

Try to find time to visit Gouda. It is an impeccably sweet and ancient city, with a quiet atmosphere, even during the market days. As you stroll around you will feel relaxed, and you will find yourselves walking around with a smile on your face.



#About Gouda's Weekly Cheese Market

On Thursdays between 10:00 am and 12:30 pm, the cheese market takes place (Gouda Markt). This market is well-known in all of Holland, thanks to the delicious yellow round cheeses, laid on the ground in the center of the square. This is a local market, as well as a tourist one, walking around you will hear many languages and see the "authentic" Netherlands up and close.

In the square you can see how haggling is done between the farmers who offer the cheese for sale and the merchants who come to buy. The sellers in the cheese stands are dressed in traditional clothes and willingly explain to buyers and even those who are just interested in cheeses, the way they are prepared.

Opposite the impressive city hall is the Waag, the weighing station, built in 1668. The old building has scales that were used to weigh the cheese bundles. Today, mainly touristy can receive a weighing certificate as a souvenir. In the building you can also enter the Museum of the History of Cheese Trading, in Gouda itself and in the Netherlands in general.

In addition to the cheeses, a range of traditional Dutch products are sold in this market, from painted Delft and Dutch wooden clogs to cloths and clothing and various products, in a weekly market like the rest of the world.



#Tips

Try to arrive early - the market opens every Thursday, between 10:00 am and 12:30 pm in the main center, in Dutch the "Markt." From 12:30 pm they stalls already begin to close, and those who are late won't see any signs of the market after that hour.

Payment in the stalls are only by credit cards.

You should try to come here on an empty stomach, the market has many food stalls.



Here is Gouda's Cheese Market:

https://youtu.be/QwWZRDN6v80
Hollandsche Schouwburg
#About the Building

One of the most important places for Jews is the Hollandsche Schouwburg, the Dutch Theater. This is a memorial site for Nazi victims. During World War II, the Germans used this place to concentrate the Jews of Amsterdam before they were sent to the death camps.

In the years following its construction, from 1892-1942 it served as a theater. Jewish actors appeared before a Jewish audience. After World War II, the theater was planned to turn it into a movie theater, but because of its important historical significance it became a memorial site. The facade of the building was preserved just as it had been in the past, but the main hall had become an open courtyard. The remains of the surrounding walls were preserved and a flame was always placed in memory of the victims.

On the first floor of the building you can see an exhibition on the persecution of Dutch Jews during the war. One of the most fascinating exhibits is a video, showing a Jewish wedding held while the bride, groom and all the guests carry a yellow badge on their clothes, before they knew what they meant. On the second floor you can participate in significant educational activities.
Hermitage Amsterdam
Museum Willet-Holthuysen
Museum Van Loon
National Monument Amsterdam
Pipe Museum


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.