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New York
New York
#About the City of New York

If you call it Manhattan, New York, the New World, or the Big Apple, this city doesn't need any introduction. Many who visit here for the first time say they felt as if they had been there before. The reason is clear - this city is in so many movies, TV shows, songs, books and plays, and that's impossible to count. It seems that every corner here is familiar.

And not only the Empire State Building or the Statue of Liberty that visitors seem to recognize and are worth going to see. New York has many spots, attractions and parks, it is fascinating in its vibrant immigrate neighborhoods, famous streets, designer stores and entertainment areas, museums that offer incredible art collections from the best artists around the world. There are a number of architectural icons and mega stores that provide a bigger than life shopping experience.

With Wall Street and the UN Headquarters, this city is the center of trade and statesmanship around the world. It has an intriguing modern political history, and everything here is big, including the tragedies, like the attack of 9/11.

New York City is the ultimate places for cultural experiences, art and music of all kids. Everyone in the city is career oriented and searching for a career of their own. In the neighborhoods live musicians, actors, dancers, poets, designers, artists, and flocks of business and diplomat men and women.

The New York author Truman Capote said once that New York is "the only unique city." We think that too, how about you?



#Must-See Sites

Want to see the most popular places in the city? - Click on the tag "Must see in New York".

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l4e3y_Vq72M


#With Children

On a family vacation? Click on the tag "Attractions for children in New York".

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=70LMWKFloP0


#Places Not to be Missed in Winter

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C_8n1PvHZQU&t=2s


#Food

#An Unforgettable meal? Click on the tag "Must eat in New York".

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_XeVhY215Xs


#Tip

In restaurants and pubs in the United States and Canada, it is polite to put a 10%-15% tip.

In the United States about a 15% tip is given to taxi drivers.

It is the custom to leave a minimum tip, even if the service was not to your liking.



#Interests
Interested in certain things? - Click on the tag "Interests".



#United States Country Code

+1


#Savings

For Broadway Shows - buy tickets for the Broadway shows at the ticket booth TKTS in Times Square.

See free attractions under the tag "Free".

Transportation - A MetroCard today costs $8 per day, and about $27 for a week for unlimited rides on the metro and buses.

Entertainment - Free movies under the open sky - a great New York tradition, https://www.nycgovparks.org/events/film


#Shopping

See the link below for shopping recommendations.



#Electric Outlets
The required types of plug are Types A or B.



A taste of the upcoming trip? - Here's a video that will show you the city in all its beauty:

https://youtu.be/HiZXABMNCUY


Fast Track:

https://youtu.be/MRAZ_mSLXrA


The City in Full View:

https://youtu.be/TmDKbUrSYxQ
Museum at Eldridge Street
Museum at Eldridge street
#About the Museum that was Dedicated to Jewish Emigrants

The Museum at Eldridge Street is dedicated to the Jewish immigration to the Lower East Side, at the start of the 20th century. It is located in a building from 1887, that was originally a synagogue.

The synagogue, of the oldest in the United States, was established in 1887 in the Lower East End, by Jews from Eastern Europe, who immigrated to the United States. For six years community members from the congregation of the Kahal Adath Jeshurun collected the money to build the synagogue, that was built with 3 wings. After the money needed was collected, they turned to Peter and Francis William Herter, the architects, to design the building in the Mori-style.

The synagogue was a successful Jewish Center, especially between 1900-1940. In those years, the synagogue was used as an absorption center for immigrants who were just arriving in the United States. In addition to religious services, community-oriented events took place here as well, like the collection and donation of money the Jewish State of Israel.

With time, many of the community members left the area, and immigration limits limited the number of immigrants who were arriving in New York. The Great Depression did not help the situation of the Jewish community, and with time the synagogue was closed for lack of resources to take care of it.

In 1986 a non-profit organization was established called "Project Eldridge Street," to return the building to its former educational, cultural, and community activities. The renovation ended on December 2, 2007, at the cost of $20 million. It was open to the wide public under the current museum name. The Jewish community worked hard to get it to its current situation so it can be accepted as a National Historic Monument.

Today, the building has a modest synagogue and a wonderful museum with guided tours and activities for children. You can also look through the museum archive of genealogy, and see if any of your relatives were members of this synagogue.
Brooklyn Children's Museum
Brooklyn Children's Museum
#About the Children's Museum in Brooklyn

You are in the first museum established in New York, especially for children. The museum was established in 1899 and is among the earliest museums in the world, specific for children. And so, up to today the museum is oriented to children and does a great job at evoking curiosity, creativity, and a sense of self-expression.

At the Brooklyn Children's Museum there are a variety of activities and challenges for kids, whose purpose is to expose kids at an early age to things like art, nature, human beings, especially those from far away from more exotic lands.

There is so much variety that it is hard to describe it all. Examples of activities? There is a costume section with a stage for performances, toys for toddlers and a sandbox, a section with kitchen utensils that have become musical instruments, and a special section for babies.

One of the corners that kids really love, is the stores and restaurants areas. These have all been adjusted to kid height, and it lets children act like adults, so they can either go grocery shopping, and fill a cart with stuff, or some can enter the workforce and make Italian pizzas.



#Tips

During the summer months the museum has water activities for children, so be sure to bring an extra set of clothes.

We recommend coming with children between the ages of 5 - 6 years old.

The museum is closed on Mondays.



A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/2v6LfygMI3M
Broadway Street
Broadway Street
#About the Theater of New York

The street where you can see incredible shades of New York, is Broadway Street, the theater street of New York. This street is actually a long avenue that divides Manhattan into two. Broadway in English means a broad, or wide, street.

Most of the streets and avenues in Manhattan are built as cross-sections forming right-angled intersections, however Broadway Avenue goes in a diagonal way across the city, and is not parallel to any street. The reason is that Broadway was paved before the majority of the streets and avenues in Manhattan.

Today, Broadway is a second name to the theater industry. The theater district and Lincoln Center, located on the street, present a collection of shows, mostly musicals. The Broadway theaters represent the highest quality theater in the commercial English speaking world. In 2012, over a billion dollars in ticket sales were for Broadway shows, and were watched by more than 12 million visitors.

In 2010 New York declared its decision to close the street to car traffic in the busy areas of the street, to avoid issues of overcrowding. Store owners loved this idea, and began taking out chairs and picnic tables to the street, in the Times Square area.

Dozens of stores, restaurants and cafes, street performances and amazing shows - this street is the best show in town...

#Cheap Tickets

At the center of the square you can find a kiosk for selling discount tickets, TKS, that offers tickets that have not yet been sold for same-day shows, around a 30%-50% discount. Don't worry, if you thought you would miss the kiosk, just look for the long line that spreads at the center of the square and you will immediately see it. Good luck!

#Shopping in Broadway

There are hundreds of stores on Broadway Avenue, especially during the section between 8th Avenue and Canal Street, offering great shopping for designer clothing. There are expensive designer stores like Prada, as well as cheaper stores and large international brands. Try getting a glimpse of the Bloomingdales department store, where there are many surprises to be found.

New York

Brooklyn Bridge
Brooklyn Bridge
#About the Brooklyn Bridge

On the Brooklyn Bridge hundreds of thousands of people pass each day. There is a reason it is so popular, it is one of the most famous sites in New York, and is one of the symbols of the city. From the 19th century the bridge was considered one of the architectural wonders, and was declared a National Monument in the United States.

The view from the bridge is wonderful of the New York skyline, with skyscrapers and fancy building, it is really great!

Some statistics:

The bridge weighs about 14,700 tons. The bridge manages to stand up thanks to the 2 kilometers of thick cables that are used for the suspension.

In its first years, when it was opened for traffic in 1883, it was the largest steel bridge in the world.

Construction of the bridge began in 1869, and continued for 14 years. It cost about $18 million. A surprising fact about the bridge is that out of the 600 workers that were involved in the construction, 27 were killed.



#The Tragic Story Behind Building the Bridge

The Brooklyn Bridge is a real American family project. It was designed by John Augustus Roebling, an architect born in Germany that was an expert on suspended bridges. A tragic story, at the start of the building he was injured in a ferryboat accident, and his leg was crushed. He died several weeks later of Tetanus.

Work on the bridge was continued by his son, Washington Roebling. He also needed to pay a heavy price after he was injured during construction and was partially paralyzed. This is when Roebling's wife, Emily Warren Roebling, began to overlook the construction at the instruction of her husband. For 11 years she overlooked the engineers and workers, and in 1883 the bridge was opened for traffic. Emily was the first person to walk on the bridge.

27 workers out of the 600 were killed during the construction.



#The Brooklyn Bridge for Tourists

The bridge is a must-see for anyone coming to New York. The pedestrian lane is full of excited tourists. It is possible to walk across, from Manhattan to Brooklyn. Just start walking!

During the day, there is a wonderful view, huge skyscrapers and impressive buildings - the whole experience turns more magical in the evening hours, as the city lights turn on. While walking on the bridge you can see the Statue of Liberty and the Manhattan Bridge on either side of you. Exiting the bridge on the Manhattan side, you can see the City Hall Park, where you can have a fun light picnic.



#Short Stories about the Brooklyn Bridge

In 1883 many people were worried that the bridge was not strong enough, and feared its collapse. The creative solution to this problem was by the owner of the famous circus P. T. Barnum, to bring all his circus animal to cross the bridge, even his heavy elephants. Imagine to yourself seeing this comical event. After this parade, no one was afraid anymore of the bridge's collapse.

Another thing, a little less nice...in 1883 someone screamed loudly that the bridge is falling down, and the 30,000 people who were on the bridge all tried to run away in panic and fear. Unfortunately, during the mass scramble, 12 people were trampled to death...



#Tips

Walking along the Brooklyn Bridge will give you an insane view of the New York skyline and skyscrapers.



A Closer Look at the Brooklyn Bridge:

https://youtu.be/Vf-F773WgO8


A Live Performance - How it Really Was:

https://youtu.be/la90mA4VLa4
High Line
High Line
#History of the Walkway

The walkway High Line in New York was built on remains of train tracks that were built here in 1929. Originally, the tracks were opened for use in 1943, and trains transferred food and agriculture through it. With the years, the exporting industry improved, and made the track irrelevant. The amount of passengers and merchandise declined, and use of the tracks declined as well. In 1980 the tracks completely closed, and remained an abandoned skeleton.

In the summer of 1999, it was decided to destroy the tracks for the use of new construction, however an organization of locals decided to fight this decision, and try to change the decision to renovate the tracks into a public park. Many people joined this organization, and lobbied the local politicians, locals, and celebrities. In 2003 an architecture competition took place where a team was chosen to lead the project. Building began in 2006, and the first part of the park was opened in 2009. The second and third parts of the park were opened in 2011 and 2014 respectively.

From the first moment the park was a huge succeess, and immediately made this spot one of the most popular attractions in the city. About 3 million visitors a year visit the park.

The influence of the park is monumental and can be seen through the apartment prices around the park, that continue to go up, and the residents that live here are those who can afford a high quality of life.


#Visitors to the Park

The green walkway is a 1.45 mile-long promenade. It is a nice and green park, with greenery along the sides of the walkway, and overlooks 10th Avenue, and the Statue of Liberty.

On this walkway you will find a lot of greenery and wildflowers, sitting corners and walking trails. Benches are placed along the walkway and are perfect for couples that want to enjoy a romantic atmosphere.

In the first and newer part of the park you can see dozens of families wandering around the walkway, children playing on benches and doing sports. The area is patrolled by security, to ensure the area remains safe.

This is a magical piece of nature, perfect, and distant from the industrial and urban background of the city.

The southern entrance into the High Line is located on Gansevoort Street between Chelsea on the north, the entrance to the north of the park is on 30th Street and 10th Avenue. Here on Guidol you are equipped with a navigation button, so you are all taken care of. Enjoy!
Empire State Building
Empire State Building
#About the Tower that Became the Symbol of New York

The Empire State Building, a tall skyscraper in New York at the height of 443 meters, with 103 floors. It is one of the most dominant symbols of the Big Apple, and is located on the corner of Fifth Avenue and 34th Street. The Empire State Building was planned and built between 1929-1931 in the art-deco style, by William Lamb. It is considered by the American Society Of Civil Engineers as one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World.

Pretty fast after the launch of the building, this building became a Hollywood star, and has starred in quite a few movies, from romantic comedies to dramas, and action movies. There is almost no cinema enthusiast that is not familiar with the image of King Kong climbing the building from 1933. This tower is a common place for marriage proposals and in general, the amazing landscape view that extended from its upper floors made it one of the city's romantic places.

In 1931 the President of the United States Herbert Hoover pressed on a button in the White House that lit the lights of the Empire State Building. This is how this incredible building was inaugurated, back then it was the tallest building in the world. As of 2016, the building is the fifth tallest building in the United States, and 29th in the world.

The building's stairs are also somewhat of an attraction, once a year an annual race takes place in New York, where hundreds of people climb the stairs from the bottom all the way to the top of the tower.

A few statistics - this building has 6,500 windows, 73 elevators, and 1,860 stairs. It weighs no less than 365,000 tons. Occasionally, for very special events, the Empire State Building is lit up in colorful and impressive colors.



#"Dare to Dream" Exhibition

To a certain extent, the story of the Empire State Building is the story of the American dream. The exhibit "Dare to Dream" that is displayed here, presents the history, the architecture and the construction of the building. There is a lot of content from the archives of the well-known skyscraper of New York. The exhibit provides a perfect experience that lets you learn about the work of the pioneering work of the architects, the builders and workers who built it. In the exhibition you will be exposed to original documents, photographs from the time period, architectural sketches, lists and financial accounting daily documents. Additionally, you can see the photos and souvenirs that belong to more than 3,400 workers that helped make history.



#The Lights of the Empire State Building

Since 1976, the Empire State Building has been an international symbol of the New York skyline. The lights that light up on the building protect the reoccurring tradition of changing the lights according to different events along the year.

In 2012, the system was further upgraded with an LED lighting system, capable of displaying 16 million colors, which can be changed instantly. Sometimes the lights are even synchronized with music broadcasts on different radio stations and this makes the building the world's largest light organ.

On Halloween, the holiday always makes its mark on the building.

The international lighting designer Mark Birkman, is the one who planned the lights and placed the LED lights, synced with the beat of the music played in the background. 100 meters of colorful lights, spectacular and festive, can be seen from almost every corner of Manhattan.

Different artists gained the right to use the lights as part of their creations: the artist Alicia Keys, Frank Sinatra, and rapper Jay Z.



#The Story About the Plane that Crashed into the Building

The Empire State Building was the tallest building in New York for many years, with the building of the Twin Towers in 1972 the Empire State Building was bumped down to second tallest. It is unnecessary to mention that after the attacks on the Twin Towers on September 11th, 2001, it regained its title as the tallest building in New York for a certain time.

During World War II, from an airport in Massachusetts a plane departed that was meant land at the airport in New Jersey. The flight's purpose was to partake in the fighting, and was piloted by Captain Smith, who had been through 30 bombardments attempts on the European front.

When the plane got near New York it faced thick fog that limited visibility in the area. Captain Smith asked for permission to land in La Guardia Airport, but was told visibility was also bad there. The control tower ordered Smith to continue the flight over Manhattan keeping an altitude of 457 meters.

With that, the fog made its mark, and caused the pilot to lose his way. He began lowering the plane towards the landing in New York, while almost crashing into the GE Building, 259 meters high. In the last minute the pilot managed to avoid the disaster and moved out of the way, however, unfortunately, the pilot crashed into the tallest building in New York at the time, a building with 103 floors, the Empire State Building.

The plane hit the 79th floor of the building, and created a huge hole in the side of the building. One of the two engines of the plane went right across the building and fell about 270 meters until it hit the roof of another building and caused a fire. The second engine dropped down the elevator shaft in the building to the bottom, and other fragments scattered in the street below.

In the building a fire erupted, which the firefighters managed to put out miraculously after 40 minutes. Luckily, the foundations of the building were not damaged. The accident cost 14 lives, 3 crew members (2 pilots), and 11 people from inside the building. 26 people were injured. Until today, there is a mark of a missing stone in the building's exterior from the plane crash.

And, if not enough miracles happened in this building, one of the injured people were put into the elevator by the paramedics not knowing the elevator was damaged. The elevator fell down 75 floors - however the injured woman survived this insanity. This affair won a Guinness World Record.



#Architecture of the Empire State Building

The Empire State Building is considered the cultural symbol of America and is an example of the Art-Deco architecture, that developed in France and is characterized in geometrical vertical decorations. Art-Deco is a style that began developing at the start of the 20th century and gathered speed between the years 1920-1930.

To avoid the sun's light, the building was designed in a staircase-like shape - the lower floors are wide, and as the floors go up they become thinner, until reaching the top of the building.



A View from Above:

https://youtu.be/ZZrmjwwTghI



King Kong from the 1933 Movie - On the Building:

https://youtu.be/CuRQH_hLcTw
Central Park
Central Park
#About New York's Biggest Park

You have arrived at one of the most well-known and pleasant places in New York - Central Park.

Central Park was established in 1857, on land that was used for herding sheep, and also partly a poor neighborhood. Walking through the park is an attraction in itself, though the most magical spots can be found between the narrow pathways, between trees and bushes. You can also see nice musical performances here, take part of fun activities, both for children and adults, look towards the view from different viewpoints in the park, that overlooks the lake and the architecture of the amazing New York skyline.

Visitors to Central Park are not necessarily tourists. New Yorkers take advantage of the wide spaces for sports, for laying out on the grassy lawns, to tan or read under the open sky. With that, it shouldn't be difficult to find a quiet corner for you and a partner, and even for a nice picnic. Near the park, you will find many delis where you can buy all the ingredients you need for the meal. You can rent bikes and ride along the park, or rent a boat and row in the lake.

On pleasant spring and summer days many locals and tourists tend to arrive in Central Park to watch the shows, festivals, and different concerts performed for the public, and some of these shows are also free.

This huge park is easy to get lost in. In an area that is 4 kilometers long and 800 meters wide, you can see over 25,000 trees and 1,500 types of plants and animals.



#History of Central Park

It is not by accident that Central Park is so important in New York culture. Central Park was the first designed park in the United States, and was so because of the need to build a big public park. In order to execute this plan, New York's government conducted a competition for the design of the park, and the plan that was chosen was by Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux. Three years later the park opened.

One of the innovations in the park was a different transportation system for each purpose: sidewalks for pedestrians, special pathways for horses, and streets for carriages and vehicles, that back then did not exist. What is special about these streets that go up and down the park, is that they are embedded in the park and integrate well between the dense vegetation. It hides them from the pedestrians and maintains the nice aesthetics of the park. This is how it happened that the park has 36 bridges, each with its own style and character.

At the beginning of the 20th century the park was neglected and abandoned. From the 1960's it was considered a place of crime and criminals. Many of the residents avoided going near it. This is why the mayor La Guardia decided to rehabilitate it, and restore its image.

In 1980 a special foundation was established whose purpose was to maintain Central Park. It began with the renovation and maintenance of the park, and in 2003 the park celebrated 150 years to the park's establishment.

An especially interesting point has to do with the changing weather. The tough winter months has been endured by the park as well. In the past the lake had frozen completely during winter. Though as the years went, and construction grew around the park, the lake began freezing less and less, and today it is a rare event if the park lake freezes at all.



#The Building of Central Park

More than 80 years of building have made the park what you see in front of you today. The story of the building began in the 1840's, when several important people, including architect Andrew Downing, the author Washington Irving, and the Editor of the New York Evening Post William Bryant convinced the city municipality to buy the land, without a clear understanding what the land would be used for.

Back then the land was full of mud, and unevenly covered with trees and bushes, poor shepherds were living around the grounds in wooden shacks, with pigs and goats wandering around the rocks.

The building began in 1857 and involved 3,000 construction workers and 400 horses. They prepared the ground, cleared the ground and made it construction ready. The soil was brought straight from New Jersey, and more than 4 million trees were sent from around the world. Most of the rocks that were here previously, stayed in their place.

The building provided jobs to many of the poor residents in the area that suffered from an economic crisis, and in 1876 the park was opened to visitors officially.



#Disputes over Central Park

Central Park was the source of many disputes over the years. Each wanted the ground to be used for something else. The architect Olmsted wanted to turn the park into a place where visitors arrived to enjoy the landscape. He wanted to limit them to a passive experience and enjoyment that would allow limited use of the land. The public, though, felt that this was a perfect place for sporting activities, and the public won apparently, since over the years playgrounds were opened, a zoo, and a rocky area that is climbed by children.

However, the disputes over the area were not over. In 1899 great pressure was put on the municipality, until it finally allowed the use of cars in the park. A few decades later, the residents of Fifth Avenue also succeeded in getting the trees trimmed, that blocked their view from their expensive apartment terraces.



#The Dark Past of Central Park

Crime, drugs and violence were an inseparable part of the atmosphere, especially in the 1960's and 1970's, Central Park turned into a symbol of desperation, and a place to stay away from.

It was so intimidating, that tour guides warned visitors from walking around the park at night. What did not help the image, were the killings and murders that became the history of New York, and happened in the park itself.

One of the most well-known cases was the murder of Michael O'Sullivan. O'Sullivan was a kindly homeless person who used to spend his time around the park, especially around high school students who came to consume alcohol and drugs. The homeless man was murdered by two young 15-year-old boys.

Another terrible murder happened on the evening of July 16th, right on the same day that John Kennedy Junior's plane crashed, the son of the famous late President Kennedy. Around the park screams were heard of someone young. The young lady, whose cries were not enough to grab attention, was brutally murdered, even though this happened in one of the more populated areas of the park.

Across the street in front of the Dakota building, John Lennon, the leader of the Beatles, was murdered. In his memory a monument was placed for him with the writing 'imagine.' See more by clicking on the tag "Monuments".



#The Statues of Central Park

If you walk around the park you will notice the variety of statues that populate it. The statues are definitely worth your attention, and the most well-known of the group is probably the bronze statue that describes the story of Alice in Wonderland. It is located on the Eastern side of the lake.

On the West side of the lake you will be able to find the statue of Hans Christian Andersen, by Georg Lober. In the Bethesda Fountain you can see statues by Emma Stebbins. Near the Metropolitan Museum you can see the obelisk Cleopatra's Needle, 3,500 years old.

At the edge of the avenue "The Mall," with the pretty elm trees, you can see statues of Shakespeare, Christopher Columbus and Walter Scott.



A Closer Look at the Park:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wjn8QcZzmQA


Times Square
Times Square
#About the Most Well-Known Square in New York

The most well-known square in New York is Times Square, the lit up and festive, by dozens of large and glittering advertising signs covering the buildings around the square. These have long since become the square's trademark.

Usually, the square is crowded with visitors and tourists, and it will be easy to tell which people are seeing the square for the first time. The word square is the familiar definition of the area, though this is not a classical square, but more of a large open space between Broadway Avenue and 7th Avenue, and 42nd to 47th Street.

The Square is named after the newspaper, the New York Times, whose offices moved to the square in 1905, and has since remained there. Three weeks after the newspaper moved into the square, the first neon sign was hung up, that has since outlined the character and style of the square.

At the beginning of the 20th century, many known stars spent time here, like Charlie Chaplin and Fred Astaire, as the place developed and theaters were built, and restaurants and entertainment centers. In the 1930's, during the Great Depression, the square became the center of the sex industry, and was mainly visited by gamblers and criminals until the 1990's. At this stage, Rudolph Giuliani, the mayor of New York City at the time, cleaned up the square and crime from the questionable characters that came here, and closed the brothels.

Today you will find many giant stores, TV studios, well-known restaurants, impressive hotels and popular businesses.



#Tourists at the Square

The Square's quieter hours are in the morning, and as the day goes on more and more visitors arrive, there is no doubt that the peak hours are in the evening, when the lights and signs light up and stand out in the darkness. You will find here many attractions for tourists, and maybe this is also the reason no one misses a chance to visit here. There are 12,500 hotel rooms, occupied by 26 million visitors each year. Here are more than 250 restaurants, and about 1,500 different businesses. Street performers are spread out along the street and the square, among them artists, painters, performers, and different acts. The square is visited by 39 million visitors each year.


#Midnight on New Year's Eve in Times Square

On New Year's Eve, hundreds of thousands of tourists and locals come to the square to see the Times Square New Year's Eve Ball drop, and count down together to the new year. Every year the crystals on the Ball are designed in a different way, and are able to withstand tough weather. The Ball is lifted during the last few minutes of the end of the year, and falls 120 meters along a big metal pole during the final countdown. This is a special and moving moment, and fireworks add to the atmosphere of celebrations.



#Theaters in Broadway

In the square are 40 theaters of Broadway, that sell millions of tickets each year. Here, the biggest and famous shows are performed, the hottest shows in the United States. There are shows here for all ages. The shows are well invested in, and tickets are not sold for cheap, tickets can be between 130-160 dollars per ticket.

At the center of the square you can find a kiosk for selling discount tickets, TKS, that offers tickets that have not yet been sold for same-day shows, around a 30%-50% discount. Don't worry, if you thought you would miss the kiosk, just look for the long line that spreads at the center of the square and you will immediately see it. Good luck!

#Tips

Kids and teenagers will love the shopping in Times Square, especially the concept stores. like the M&M candy store and the video store ESPN Zone.
NBC Studios
#About the TV Studios

Anyone who has never been to a TV studio has come to the right place. The NBC Studio building, located in the Rockefeller Center in New York, is one of the icons for the entertainment world. These studios host a few of the most well-known TV shows in the world, starting from hosting shows like Saturday Night Live, and news reports.

The tour that you will take through the studios is an interactive and interesting tour, that reveals a wide history of television, and access to studios where a few of the most successful shows have been, and are filmed, like Saturday Night Live, The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon, Late Night with Seth Meyers, and more.

In the tour, you can learn about the production and writing of TV shows, up to the point that they are broadcasted onto your TVs. Another enjoyable part of the tour is that you are able to film your own show in the studios, and watch it afterward.

The tour is about an hour long, and includes visiting the famous 8H studio, and the two radio stations of the studios. You can see the sets of known shows, like the Today Show. Often, you can run into personalities from the studios who are looking for an audience for their shows, filmed around noon, so that if you'd like, you can participate in tapings of real shows, broadcasted around all of the United States.
United Nations headquarters
#About the Complex

The large complex of buildings located in New York is used as the headquarters of the United Nations since the buildings were built in 1952. The United Nations is an international organization whose goal is to create collaborations in the themes of law, security, financial development, and human rights between nations, and achieving world peace. Because the territory of the headquarters is international, the United State's laws do not rule here.

The land for the headquarters was purchased for the good of the organization by a donation from John D. Rockefeller Jr. On the land, the complex was built with several buildings. The Secretariat Building, the main building of the complex, and is identified by its impressive facade, made of greenish glass. It is 156 meters tall and has 39 floors.

Another building in the complex is that of the General Assembly Building of the United Nations. The purpose of this body is to serve as a forum for discussion and planning of peace, economic and human rights programs. The third building you'll see here is the Dag Hammarskjöld Building, the UN Library Building.

Outside the buildings, in the open space, you can see gardens and statues. The big square constitutes an inseparable view for many visitors who arrive here.

The complex was designed by 11 international architects, headed by Wallace K. Harrison. In the halls and spaces inside building you can see a variety of art pieces, mosaics, frescoes, and unique carpets that have been collected from around the world.

Enjoy!



A Closer Look at the UN Headquarters:

https://youtu.be/vpRm7GAtZIo?t=1m36s
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum
#About the Museum Whose Building Became an Icon

This interesting spiral building, a museum for modern art, was inaugurated in 1959, and it is named after Solomon R. Guggenheim. He initiated the establishment of the museum in order to display the rare collection of art he owned.

The special design of the building is the creation of American architect Frank Lloyd Wright, and there is no doubt that the building's exterior draws many visitors to enjoy the beauty. The building is a cultural symbol, and an icon for architecture that is modern and new, creative and curious.

Though its beauty, many criticize the design of the building which brings with it failures, and lack of conformity to its location. For its spiral shape, observing the art inside is not completely straight, but crooked, what can be difficult to see the art in the same perspective that the artist was aiming for. The ceilings in the Guggenheim Museum are lower than usual, and some say this gives a sense that paintings and other art do not receive the respect they deserve.

A few years after Wright passed away, in 1992 the building underwent renovations, where more floors were added to the museum, with higher ceilings. There the pieces of art were moved that required bigger spaces.

In the museum you will find works by a variety of talented artists: Chagall, Picasso, Kandinsky, and more. Most of the collections include paintings, though there are also statues. On the fifth floor you will find a balcony with a view of Central Park.



#The Guggenheim Museum's Design

The Guggenheim Museum in New York was designed by the well-known architect Frank Lloyd Wright. Wright took 700 sketches and 15 years until he was able to arrive at what he had wanted - a building that was different than all the 'boxes' around, the same old buildings of New York.

Indeed, the structure of the Guggenheim Museum in New York has a unique shape that many consider an art piece no less important than the abstract works that are presented inside. The rounded shape, asymmetrical, irregular, and whose wide part is precisely above, is unforgettable. It was also the first museum where the gallery flows through- no floors and no rooms, but only one space curving a gentle slope down the building, up to the entry level.

What made this magic possible, is the design of the structure according to the Fibonacci series, and according to the Golden Ratio. Just like the nautilus shell, the oldest shell that still exists in the world and has not changed since the dinosaur period. The idea was accepted by the architect after a wealthy Baroness, who commissioned the work, demanded that the structure be rounded. From here the road was short for imitation of the nautilus shell, all calculated on the basis of the Fibonacci principle. It is a principle based on the Golden Ratio, the most effective form of nature for reduced replication.



A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a51J5hzHg4U


A Tour of the Museum:

https://youtu.be/FWFeDzKGA78


Stunning Screening on the Museum's Spiral Structure:

https://youtu.be/osc8Gvz40C4
Statue Of Liberty
#History of the Statue of Liberty

The statue is actually named "Liberty Enlightening the World" and is known by the name Statue of Liberty, created by the sculptor Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi. Originally Bartholdi planned to place the statue in the Suez Canal, but the Egyptian government could not find the funding for the construction of the statue, and the project was delayed.

Finally, it was funded by the French government, and given as a gift to the American people, and inaugurated in 1886, when the base building was funded by the readers of an American newspaper as a donation. After a few years the island on which the statue stands received the name "Liberty Island," and the statue became a symbol for New York City, and for the United States in general.

The statue is of the goddess of freedom, and who shines freedom to all continents on Earth, symbolized by her seven-thorned headpiece on her head. The torch held by the goddess lights the way for all those arriving in the United States. In her other hand, she holds a tablet with the date independence was declared in the United States, written in Roman numerals. The height of the statues from the bottom up, is a little more than 92 meters. The flame was exchanged a few years back to a torch made of gold, and the new torch was placed in the atrium inside the statue itself, from where you can climb to the top of the statue.


#What does the Statue of Liberty Symbolize?

The Statue of Liberty is the most famous symbol in the world for the free world and democracy. It symbolizes the values that America believes in, like the right for life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. It stands there, impressive and so tall on Liberty Island, overlooking the New York Harbor, standing its ground as one of the most impressive statues in the world.

The statue was designed by the sculptor Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, and the architect Gustav Eifel, and was a friendly present from the French for the 100 year anniversary for American Independence, in 1846.

The large and amazing statue, made of copper, steel and iron, is designed with classical elements and iconography. If you were wondering, Iconography is the study of symbols and images, the images and modes of description in the various arts in a certain period.

Its design is what made the statue the most amazing technical achievement of the 19th century. Visitors can climb up to the crown of the statue. The view of the port from the crown is almost incomprehensible. It is New York City and you are not dreaming!



#What Was the Colossus of Rhodes?

Emma Lazarus, a Jewish American poet, wrote her most famous song called "The New Colossus" in 1883. The first two lines of her song are etched into a metal plaque at the base of the State of Liberty in New York - "Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame, with conquering limbs astride from land to land..." So who was the brazen giant of Greek fame?

The song talks about a similar statue to the Statue of Liberty that stood more than 2,000 years ago, on the Greek island of Rhodes. The Colossus of Rhodes was a very large statue of the Greek god Helios that was 34 meters tall. It stood near the port of Rhodes, and is considered one of the ancient world wonders. The Colossus is a modern name given to the statue for its large dimensions, from the name Colosseum.

The Colossus was built in the memory of the amazing and surprising victory of the people of the small island of Rhodes over the large army that occupied the island for a year. So it was built by the decision of the island locals by the artist Chares, as a monument to the god of the sun, Helios, the patron of the island. The statue was placed at the entrance to the port where ships entered, and they used to sail through his legs.

In 226 BC the Colossus collapsed during a strong earthquake. The residents of the island saw this as the will of the gods, and it was never rebuilt. The beauty of the statue continued to impress people, even in ruins, and it was maintained by the locals in this condition for many years. During the Arab conquering of the island, the ruins were stolen and destroyed, and any remains were sold as metal scraps.



#How as the Statue Damaged During the Black Tom Explosion?

The Black Tom explosion was a terrorist attempt by German agents that happened in Jersey City in New Jersey, on July 30, 1916. The purpose of the explosion was to damage American ammunition that was on its way to the Allies during World War I. This incident, that happened before the United States officially joined the war, is famous for the damage it caused to the Statue of Liberty. However, it did no damage to the war efforts. The United States joined the fighting in the war together with the Allied forces, and defeated the Germans.



#Tips

In order to climb the Statue of Liberty, you need to order your place 3 weeks in advance, in the link below.



A Closer Look at the Statue of Liberty:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0r7i8riYCe0
Battery Park
#The Origin of the Name Battery Park

The public Battery Park is located in Manhattan in New York City. If you were wondering about the origin of the name, the park is named after a battery of cannons that was located here, at the beginning of the 17th century, during the Dutch and British rule of the city. The purpose of the battery of cannons was to protect the port of New York.

Already back then, the area was popular among visitors who came for vacation on the river banks. After the American Independence War, celebration festivities were held here as the last of the British soldiers were leaving the city.


#About the Park

The park where you are now located was set up in the 19th century, and on its land was the Castle Clinton, that changed ownership to the City of New York. By the way, only in 2005 were the remains of the walls and battery exposed that stood here 200 years ago.

In the park are a few monuments: The East Coast Monument that was erected for the commemoration of the Navy and soldiers of the United States that fell in the Atlantic Ocean in World War II, and their bodies which have never been found. Other monuments are the one for the Korean War, the "Peace Garden," a monument dedicated to the victims of AIDs, and the monument for the September 11th attack called "The Counting." This globe, that was located at the center of the trade centers, and what was left after the terrible attack.

In 2005, the landscape architect Piet Oudolf added the spiral fountain, and 35 illuminated and interactive jets of water. This is an attraction for children, who will also be interested in the sea glass carousel that will take them to experience in the deep sea.


#The Park for Tourists


Today the park spreads widely across a large lawn, and it is possible to look over the Statue of Liberty, and onto Ellis Island. In the park is also a rose garden with thousands of plants. Over 4 million visitors come to the park each year.

Here you will find vegetable gardens, benches, running and walking trails, a promenade, quiet corners under trees, and concerts that take place under the open sky. This is an ideal place to stop, relax, have a picnic, or just look over the wonderful views.



#The Castle Clinton

The Castle Clinton is a fortress that was built on a nearby island, that subsequent landfill expanded the island into incorporated mainland Manhattan, before the War of 1812, to protect the city. The fort is named after the mayor of New York City at the time, DeWitt Clinton. Later on, they dried up the sea that was between the fortress and the park and today it is part of the park.

After the war the Castle was transferred under the ownership of the city of New York and became a public park. The fortress grounds, or Castle, were covered in the mid-19th century and became a public theater, of the first in the city.

The Castle continued to fill different roles throughout American history. Among other things, it was used as a primary absorption center for immigrants. Later on it was turned into the first National Aquarium, and today is a visitor center, where tickets are sold for sailing trips to the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island.



Battery Park:

https://youtu.be/1-dxf7dSiMA
Governors Island
#About the Island Where the British Governor of New York Sat

One of the well-kept secrets of New York is a close by island, where no one lives, and is only a few minutes away from Manhattan. It is open to visitors every summer, only on the weekends.

Governors Island, named so because when England was still in power, the Governor of New York sat here. The island is 700,000 square meters wide, and is considered part of New York City. In the past, the United States military also used the island, as well as the Coast Guard. It is located one kilometer from Manhattan, and from here you can look at the New York skyline.

In 2003 the municipality of New York bought the island for the price of only $1.

The Department of Parks and Recreation is in charge of the island, and its caring and preservation. There are 1,600 trees, and historic buildings, as well as different attractions, like a souvenir shop, a children's art museum, and other seasonal activities.
Ellis Island Immigration Museum
#About the Museum

The Immigration Museum on Ellis Island helps visitors learn about the past of people who immigrated to the United States, and this attraction is fit for the whole family. The museum opened in 1990, and is located in an impressive 3-story building. The planner of the building replicated the look and feel of the building that stood here in the 20rth century.

The island was used by the immigration department of the United States, and through here about 12 million immigrants passed, on their way to New York, at the end of the 19th century and towards the beginning of the 20th century. Back then, 98% were allowed to enter the United States, and about 2% were returned to their home countries.

The process of immigrating to the United States took about half a day - it began with a medical exam (to ensure that whoever entered was healthy and not bringing in any disease or illnesses), afterward, a personal interview where immigrants had to explain their reasons for coming to America. Stories tell that back then the immigration building was neglected, and the police force scared the immigrants.

The interactive museum has documents, photos, videos and even theater pieces. There is a monument where 420,000 families of immigrants were commemorated.

The Museum and Ellis Island:

https://youtu.be/wckFtoHSqKw
Museum of Jewish Heritage
#About the Jewish Museum of New York

The Museum of Jewish Heritage, located in southern Manhattan, is a living and moving monument for the Holocaust. It was opened in 1997, and was dedicated to the research of Jewish history, community life and culture at the beginning of the 20th century. The museum succeeds in telling the story of the Holocaust from the perspective of the Jews who experienced it for themselves, with personal items and photographs.

The hexagon shaped building points to the six corners of the Star of David, and in parallel reminds of the 6 million Jews who were killed in the Holocaust.

In the museum are two big permanent exhibits about Jewish culture. There are also many temporary exhibits here. There are no less than 800 items of art, 2,000 photos and videos of different people interviewing for the museum. The museum holds performances, music concerts, lectures, and discussions for the entire family. Outside the museum building is a garden, named "Stone Garden," where 18 stones are presented, each with containing a miniature oak tree that grows out of stone.

In 2005 the museum received a $20 million donation from the New York Cares Organization to promote education and knowledge. At the same time, the museum acts as an extension for the Auschwitz Synagogue in Poland.


World War II Memorial
#About the Memorial

The special memorial in front of you was established for the 4,609 American soldiers, who fell during World War II, and their burial place is unknown to this day. The Memorial is located in Battery Park in Manhattan, on a square the size of 1,500 square meters. The Memorial was inaugurated by President John F. Kennedy in 1963.

The Memorial is built so that at the center are 8 granite walls, 5.8 meters in height, with the names of the missing soldiers etched into the stone, their names and home states listed.

At the center junction between to main walls, you will see a bronze statue, created by the sculptor Albino Manca. The statue stands on a nest from black granite, a white-headed Eagle, considered to be the national bird of the United States. In his claw is a bouquet of bay leaves, which he places on a wave. Throwing a wreath over a sea grave is a moving tribute of grief.
New York Stock Exchange
#About the Most Famous Stock Exchange in the World

The New York Stock Exchange building was built in 1817. The Stock Exchange is the largest in the United States and the second largest in the world in the number of companies that trade here. Today, over 3,000 companies are traded here, equaling about $20,000 billion. Before 1817 the stock exchange was operating, only it was located in Wall Street itself.

The Stock Exchange was built on the corner of Wall Street and Broad Street in Manhattan. It is managed by the stock exchange board of directors, which handles the day-to-day operation of stock exchange systems, handling of listed companies and the approval of new candidates as stock exchange members.

About half of all trade occurs here, and the other half electronically over the computers. Each hour, huge amounts of money is traded here, with thousands of different stocks and values.

The New York Stock Exchange was established in 1792, northeast of where the building is located today. The original building reminds of a Greek temple, where Federal Hall sits. From here you can see the statue of George Washington that was placed here a few years earlier, after he was sworn in as President of the United States.


#Wall Street's History

It's amazing to think how such a small street, almost an alleyway in south Manhattan, turned into the most important place in the world of finance.

In downtown Manhattan, a long time ago Wall Street was built along a wooden fence (wall), created to protect the island, for fear of a British invasion. No remains of the fence are left today, but when it was still standing, in 1685, Wall Street was paved 32 years after the fence.

Later, stocks began being traded, and the local stock exchange was created. In the southern states, like Virginia and Georgia, there were already stock exchanges, and also in Canada to the north. Anyways, this incredible and almost unexplainable phenomena began happening, and it became the New York Stock Exchange, the same one that sits in the small street in Manhattan, the central nervous center of the world's businesses.

This happened because in Manhattan sat the Bank of New York. In 1792 the bank procured 24 stockbrokers, people who traded stocks, for a conference where it was agreed to begin selling stocks in an organized market. Naturally, the stock exchange that was chosen was in Manhattan, and the first stock to be traded, was for the Bank of New York, the founder and first member of the stock exchange.

After the end of the War of 1812, the building of the stock exchange began, and it began to expand. Three years later, a book of rules was legislated, Book of Laws and Regulations of the New York Stock Exchange, and in 1817 all the brokers of New York came together on 40 Wall Street.
Trinity Church
#About Trinity Church

In 1696 the community church for the Episcopal Diocese of New York in Manhattan was established. The mayor governor of that time, Benjamin Fletcher, approved the land purchase by the Anglican community for the church. The parish received its charter under King William III, the King of England, in 1697.

The church, like it is today, is an example of Gothic architecture, and was designed by Richard Upjohn. Today the church constitutes a historical monument for its architectural importance and its place in the city of New York.

Notice especially the pointed turret, in its neo-Gothic style, at the height of 85.6 meters. Even with the tall buildings built around, the church is still a center of religion and an impressive pillar.

At the church's garden, there is a cemetery where Alexander Hamilton, William Bradford, and many more are buried.

The church tower today holds 23 bells, the heaviest among them weighs 1,200 kilos. Eight of them used to hang in the original tower, and three were added at a later date. They are rung by an automatic mechanism and enables the ringing of the bells.

The church holds regular prayer and mass during the week and sometimes holds special events and Christenings.
Clinton National Monument Castle
#About the Historic Fort that Became a Monument

The Clinton Fort is a piece of nostalgia that belongs to the history of Manhattan. It was built between the years 1808-1811 and is the last fort to protect the city, back in the days when it was called New Amsterdam.

The Fort has had many uses throughout the years. It was used as an area for the United States Military, but a few years later the military was moved and the fort was renovated and became a public theater until 1855. Later on, the fort was used as an absorption center for immigrants into the United States, and was even the National Aquarium of New York.

In 1945 the place was titled a National Monument, and the fort was restored to its original appearance from the past. Castle Clinton was named after the mayor of New York in 1825, DeWitt Clinton.
Woolworth Building
Ground Zero
Grand Army Plaza
Brooklyn Heights Promenade
Brooklyn Botanic Gardens


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