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Warsaw
Warsaw
#About the Polish Capital

Warsaw (Warszawa) is the capital of Poland, and is also the largest city in the country. With almost 2 million residents, Warsaw is the country's center for politics, finance, technology, and culture.

Warsaw is divided by the flowing Vistula River, that goes through Poland. Like two physical halves of the sides of the river, Warsaw also has a wonderful combination of cultures, that creates the cultural traditions of Poland and was greatly influences by the Royals and Catholic Church, there is a vibrant cultural history here, which can be seen best in Polish villages.

Today's Warsaw is a huge, developing, and lively city. This is a modern and multicultural city, which in recent decades has become a significant cultural and commercial center in Central and Eastern Europe.

Warsaw experienced many disasters in its history, but managed to recover. Most of the construction around Warsaw is new, after the destruction that the Germans planted during World War II. The reconstruction of the old quarter was carried out with remarkable precision and dozens of buildings, such as churches, palaces and ancient fortresses, have returned to the city skyline after ruin.

The old quarter is one of the most interesting parts of the city today, and in 1980 it was declared a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO organization, with Gothic alleys that were a time of old times, beautiful squares with colorful houses and Baroque palaces restored with love and respect at the sight of their originality.

Warsaw is also an important city in the history of the Jewish religion. In the first half of the 20th century Warsaw was one of the main Jewish centers in Europe. Jews represented one third of the city's residents, and had a profound impact on its everyday life. During the Holocaust, the Jewish community of Warsaw was almost completely destroyed. Although the Jewish ghetto was almost completely destroyed, many sites in the city perpetuate the Holocaust.

Today's Warsaw is an interesting mix between a painful history to a beautiful recovery, old architecture and new and modern buildings, historic sites and cheap shopping opportunities, and mostly - the capital of a nation with a long history, who has revived itself after its release from the Communistic hold.



#When to Visit?

Between May to September the weather is the nicest, and September-October is also great. From July to August it's best to avoid Poland, as so many of the cities and hotels are packed with visitors.



#Transportation

The trains in Poland are very efficient, cheap, easy to use, and reach almost anywhere. Traveling by bus is a little less comfortable, and slower. Renting your own car is easy, with renting points in many locations around the major cities.



#Savings

You can buy hygiene and pharmacy products at Rossman and Hebe. In Warsaw and Poland as a whole prices of these products are really cheap.

Prices for food are also low at Rossman, and you can buy food for your whole trip.


#Must-Taste

Polish cuisine is not very refined. But worth eating in it that is delicious and homey, especially when it comes to winter food. It is mostly based on meat, potatoes and thick soups, which are rich in meat and potatoes, which is especially recommended when the soup is served in loaves of bread.

The perogi, the dough pockets filled with water, stuffed with meat or other fillings, should be eaten in piriganias, workers' restaurants offering excellent Polish food at a cheap price. Try the bigus - beef stew and sauerkraut. For those who are interested, there are also pork sausages and goulash dishes and delicious also the dried cabbage, mushrooms, cheese and of course the fruits of the forest - all alongside the national drink here, which is vodka


#Tip

In Polish restaurants and cafes its customary to leave a 10% tip. Many locals tend not to tip at all.



#Poland Country Code

+48



#Shopping

Shopping in Warsaw is definitely worth it! It is actually the favorite shopping destinations in Europe. The reason is mostly the low costs

In the malls around the city, Arkadia and Zloty Tarrasy, you can find endless brands. Great outlets

See below a link for shopping recommendations



#Entertainment

The center of entertainment for Friday and Saturday nights - Nowy Świat Street (Ulica Nowy Świat). There are a variety of cafes, restaurants, and great clubs.

For a great night out at a reasonable price, Mazowiecka Street is also a great option, with many clubs and other places to hang out. It's not expensive to get in, and the drinks are also reasonably low. Pay attention to the dress code in these places, and dress accordingly, otherwise you'll be waiting outside all night.



#Electric Outlets

The possible types of plug are Type C, Type E and Type F. See the link before with a photo.



A taste of the upcoming trip? - Here's a video that will show you the city in all its beauty:

https://youtu.be/HZOhgIrPH4s
Praga
Praga
#About the Trendy Warsaw District

If Warsaw's history interesting to you, the Praga district is one of the places where you can actually feel it. The neighborhood is full of industrial complexes from the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. It is surrounded by Soviet residential buildings and has many groves and smooth green vegetation.

Pay attention to the interesting detail. In one of the courtyards in the quarter is a statue of Madonna with candles and flowers in front of it. It is a symbol of the residents' creative solution to the curfew problem that prevailed during World War II. The residents built themselves local prayer areas, which were in fact a substitute for church services.

It is recommended to avoid entering the yards (neglected, to be noted) of the houses during the dark or from photographing the windows of people's homes. There are quite a few apartments here that are worn out, almost falling apart, but despite the neglect of the area, there is a great connection between the residents of the area.



#About Praga's History

Old and historical Praga was actually a small settlement that sat on the east bank of the Vistula River, right in front of Old Warsaw. At that time wooden houses were built here, and Praga suffered a few fires.

Over the years attempts were made to connect it to Warsaw via bridges, but it did not work. It remained a separate city even in the 18th century, and the connection between them was expressed only through the ferries or the passage on the frozen river. In the end, the neighborhood was connected to Warsaw at the end of the 18th century.

However, it is important to note that the detachment from Warsaw was probably what preserved Praga during World War II from damage and destruction. This is also the reason why it later assumed an important role during the reconstruction of Warsaw - meanwhile, the public institutions of Warsaw were being housed there.

To this day there is a sort of separation between the two areas. The neighborhoods of the Praga quarter are considered dubious neighborhoods in the eyes of Warsaw residents, and the only reasons for which the Warsawites would come here might be a soccer match at the stadium or a visit to the city zoo.



A Closer Look at the Praga district:

https://youtu.be/d3QU_9UcIQg
Warszawa Wschodnia
Warszawa Wschodnia
#About the Eastern-European Food with a French Twist

Warszawa Wschodnia is an expensive chef restaurant owned by Polish star Matthäus Gessler, a fun and hipster atmosphere. The restaurant is open at all hours of the day, 24/7, and offers a fusion menu that combines traditional Polish food with the classic French kitchen.

The restaurant is located in the eastern part of Warsaw, in a sort of industrial area, which until recently was not popular. Today it has started to become a cool place to come to, with many artists and designers hanging out here.

Among the popular dishes here are the meat dishes, such as the deer medallions, veal or lamb meat with the addition of chopped apples and risotto with asparagus and mushrooms. There is a lot of creativity and even humor here, such as the schnitzel dish, above which lies an egg.
SS and Gestapo Headquarters
SS and Gestapo Headquarters
#About the Terror Center of the Nazi Gestapo in World War II

The building where you are standing hosted the headquarters for the Gestapo and SS until the end of World War II. Initially, this headquarter connected the Jewish Ghetto with the Polish part of Warsaw. From here the orders were issued and here the Jewish suspects were interrogated.

When the termination of the Jewish people started, what was called the "Final Solution," the Nazis were able to observe high up from their windows, onto Umschlagplatz Square. From there the SS oversaw the loading of thousands of Jews onto train cars and to their deaths, towards Treblinka Death Camp.

At the end of the war, the Nazis destroyed the entire Ghetto and its buildings, besides a few buildings used by the Gestapo. This is how this building was not damaged at all, being the headquarters.

Since the war and until now, the building was used as research labs for the University of Warsaw. At the entrance is a sign in memory of the history of the place.

Poland

Bar Prasowy
Bar Prasowy
#About the Trendy Economical Student Restaurant

We believe it won't take anyone long to learn Polish food is much more than just perogies, the national dish. But if you are looking for some great perogies, Bar Prasowy is the right place. They serve you with a staff made of older ladies and students.

You can choose your favorite among a wide variety of options with sides: potatoes, cream cheese, onion, beef, bacon, spinach, cauliflower or mushrooms. Maybe you prefer your perogies sweet? With sugar and butter? Pick your favorite or try some new combinations.

The bar was established in 1954, and is one of the trendiest and popular spots in Warsaw, thanks to its wonderful lunch menu, decent prices and delicious tastes.
Bibenda
Bibenda
#About Bibenda

If you enjoy a place with small and interesting plates, tapas and refreshing Polish beer - this is the perfect spot for you. The menu is short and precise, and is completely seasonal, with great cocktails and great dishes. The kitchen is open until midnight and is perfect for a relaxing dinner. The food is unique and delicious, great drinks and the place is fun, young, and trendy.

Be sure to reserve a table in advance.
Solec 44 Restaurant
Solec 44
#About Warsaw's Creative-Traditional Restaurant

Solec 44 is one of the best restaurants in the gastronomic map of Poland. It is also a place where you can eat, drink and play board games, but about that later.

Chef Alexander Baron makes sure to create exceptional dishes here. It combines Polish tradition with modern creativity. Only fresh products are used here.

Even the bar of the place knows the work. Mixing great cocktails, made from natural ingredients with high-quality alcohol, such as clean vodka from potatoes or berries.

Interestingly, in this bar-restaurant, you can also play many board games. The diners and drinkers are invited here to choose a game, drink or eat while playing and passing a social and pleasant evening.


A Closer Look at the Restaurant:

https://youtu.be/La8B9hKXKIc
Plac Zamokwy
Castle Square
#About the Pleasant Square in Town

The Castle Square (Plac Zamokwy) is the main square of Old Warsaw. It contains many of the cultural and governmental buildings in the city. The spacious square offers a variety of street performances and different musicians and artists performing an impressive torch dance. During the holidays, entertainment stages are set up here and the square becomes the center of the municipal celebrations.

Like the rest of the Old City, the Palace Square was almost completely destroyed by the Nazis, but after the war, between 1947 and 1957, it was rebuilt from its ruins. Like many squares in Europe, the square is now beautifully decorated, with all its homes painted in a variety of colors. At the entrance to the square on the left, adjacent to the continuation of the wall of the Old City, you will see a temporary exhibition on the reconstruction of the square from the destruction of World War II.

If you wish, you can go up to the observation tower from the church tower. This is not a very difficult climb, about 150 steps. The panoramic view from above is beautiful and worth the effort.

Pay attention to the Red Building in the square, which is the Royal Palace of the kings of Poland. The king of Poland did not always live in Warsaw. It was King Sigismund III (Wassa), who in the 16th century transferred the capital from Krakow to the city of Warsaw. The statue of the King Sigismund you will see stands on a high pillar in the square and looks out at his palace.

And by the side of a palace, you can see the change of guard every hour.


A Closer Look at the Square:

https://youtu.be/6_ZlSoyiuCc


Noyk Synagogue
Nożyk Synagogue
#About the Synagogue that was not Destroyed Because it was Used as Stables for the Nazis

Until World War II, Nożyk Synagogue was among the five large synagogues in Warsaw.

It is the single only synagogue to survive the Holocaust and is active until today. The synagogue has actually been active since its establishment in 1902, and managed to survive the Holocaust.

The synagogue was established in 1902, by a couple with no children, Zelman and Rebecca Nozyk. The well-off couple, a textile merchant and his wife, asked only one request - that whenever the Mourner's Kadish was prayed, their names will be mentioned. Up to this day, the request is etched in stone next to the Holy Ark.

With the Nazi occupation, the Jewish community was still allowed to pray here, but in 1941 the Nazis took over and used the spaces as horse stables and a food warehouse. It survived the war up to May 6, 1943, when the Germans bombed the synagogue with a ceremonial final blow to the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.

By 1948 the place was once again a synagogue. In the 1980's there was a Jewish awakening in Poland, and the synagogue was restored, with the encouragement of the Polish government, with Jewish funds. It was rebuilt in 1983, and since then it has served as the central synagogue in Warsaw.

In the Nożyk Synagogue is the original Torah scroll that used to be in the Great Synagogue of Warsaw, which operated before the war on Tlomackia Street. Apart from a place of prayer, the synagogue became the main meeting point of the Warsaw Jewish community and a place of major cultural events, such as concerts, exhibitions and public discussions.


A Closer Look at the Synagogue:

https://youtu.be/QJlxGKIMUEw
New Town Market Place
#About the Square in New Warsaw

The truth is, that in spite of the name and market of the city (Rynek Nowego Miasta), it is not really new. It was established in the 15th century, much after the square in the Old City, that was established in the 13th century.

The shape of the new square is rectangular and is 140 meters by 120 meters.

The center of the square and market used to stand in the Warsaw Municipality building, that was destroyed in 1818. Today there is an iron well from the 19th century.



A Closer Look at the Square:

https://youtu.be/1PGFkwo6-58
Warsaw Jewish Cemetery
#About the Jewish Cemetery that Survived the Holocaust

The Warsaw Jewish Cemetery was founded in 1806. This is one of the largest and most active Jewish cemeteries in Poland. During World War II, the cemetery was included in the area of ​​the Ghetto and was more or less the only garden for Jews. Many of them came here during the terrible period of the Holocaust, in order to receive a bit of nature.

The cemetery has over 200,000 gravestones. Hebrew, Yiddish, Polish - the captions appear in many languages ​​and illustrate the complexity of the situation of the Jews in Poland and Europe of those days.

Many of these tombstones have great historical and artistic value. Here you can see the mausoleum of the three Jewish writers. Peretz, Simon Ansky and Yaakov Dinzon. You can also see the statue on the grave of Jewish actress Esther Rachel Kaminska.

In a moving corner of Warsaw's Jewish cemetery, a beautiful memorial is erected in memory of the great educator Janusz Korczak, in which he is depicted walking with the orphans of his orphanage, to the trains and the extermination camps. Korczak knew he was going to die and refused the Nazi offer to be released, because of his fame and his high international standing.

If you look closely you will see that right in front of the cemetery is one of Warsaw's largest department stores, the "Dom Modi Cliff" department store of luxury brands. Thus, both sides of modern Warsaw can be seen - on the one hand, a tragic and bloody history, and on the other - an empire of cheap shopping in a modern, lively and vibrant city.



A Closer Look at the Jewish Cemetery:

https://youtu.be/qxGo5xAm91k



Another Look:

https://youtu.be/Z-iMn3yPF3c
Warsaw Ghetto
#About the Ghetto Where the Jews Were Concentrated During the Holocaust

The Warsaw Ghetto, or the Jewish Ghetto in Warsaw, was created by the Nazis, about one year after their occupation of Poland. The Germans decided to concentrate the entire Jewish population of Warsaw and the area, in a closed off and fenced area. The Nazis forced Jewish people to move into the Ghetto, and surrounded it with bricks to separate the Ghetto from the Polish side of the city.

The Warsaw Ghetto was the largest in the Jewish ghettos established during the Holocaust in Poland. At its peak, some 450,000 people lived here. It existed from the fall of 1940 until the spring of 1943.

Conditions in the Ghetto were harsh and threatening. Poverty, starvation and disease, terrible overcrowding in the small apartments where several families were crammed, the loss of privacy, more and more Jews were gradually taken to the death camps. The poverty and lack of everything brought young children between the ages of 7 and 13, who were small enough to go through holes and cracks, to sneak into Warsaw to smuggle food from the "Aryan" Warsaw in exchange for little trinkets or money, with the Gestapo soldiers following a brutal and cruel pursuit of the children.

In March 1941, the Germans decided to reduce the size of the Ghetto and closed the small Ghetto. Later they deported more and more Jews from the Ghetto to the camps. During the suppression of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising that broke out in April 1943, most of the buildings in the Ghetto streets were destroyed by the German army. The German air force, the Luftwaffe, bombed the Ghetto and destroyed most of the buildings there. The Nazis continued to wreak havoc in the Ghetto, even after they had defeated the Jewish revolt, which lasted only a month.



A Closer Look at the Ghetto - Today and Then:

https://youtu.be/Wb_fSYUlno0



How the Ghetto Looked During the Terrible War:

https://youtu.be/kPDqOGYOdI8



Documentation of Many Places Around the Warsaw Ghetto:

https://youtu.be/FKwQuQpggV0
Grand Theatre
#About Warsaw's Opera House

The Grand Theatre (Teatr Wielki) is the National Opera House in Poland, and hosts many classical performances throughout the year, from the big opera repertoire, as well as by known Polish composers.

The impressive Opera House was opened in 1833, the outstanding tradition brought it to a world-class level of first-rate cultural performances. It is considered one of the largest and best theaters in Europe and in addition to opera performances, many ballet performances are also performed here.



#Tips

Tickets are fairly priced between 10 to 40 euros for a ticket in a good place at the theater.

You can see performances online on their website.



A Closer Look at the Theatre:

https://youtu.be/ONFITiQKpu8


Special Lighting:

https://youtu.be/7DRFl3vTCKI
Breakfast Market
#About Warsaw's Food Market

The Breakfast Market (Targ Śniadaniowy) on Sundays, is a farmers' market and ready-made food market, a place that matches its name - it's great to come here and eat breakfast. These are not restaurants, but a regular food market, and gives residents and tourists the option to come and buy food from vendors, and sit on benches and eat at the center of the market.

In the stalls of the market are homemade dishes, cakes and delicious baked goods, sausages, cheeses, dried fruits, all flavors of tea, and ethnic foods from around the world.

In the summer the market is in the neighborhood park Żoliborz, and during winter it moves into a close by indoor space.


#Tips

The market is open every Sunday at 10:00 am.

The market also has different activities for children.



A Closer Look at the Breakfast Market:

https://youtu.be/w53-weubRjw
Opasły Tom
#About the Famous Tom

From the outside, this place looks like a sort of book store, especially thanks to its special branding, however inside it is a fine bistro restaurant.

Opasly Tom restaurant is known for the traditional Polish dishes served here, by the chef Agata Wojda. Many of the ingredients are Polish grown and made. The menu changes very frequently, almost daily, so recommending certain dishes is not very helpful. But the reviews and stars this restaurant receives will ensure you are not disappointed.

Bon Appetite!
The Orphanage of Janusz Korczak
#About the Great Educator's Orphanage

There is not much of the original institution at the orphanage of Janusz Korczak. This is a fairly clear fact, given the tragic history that led to his death in the Holocaust.

Korczak, a Jewish educator, physician and writer, was a famous figure in Europe, with a well-balanced radio program and a well-known children's book author. At the orphanage he founded in Warsaw in 1912, he employed pioneering educational methods and examined and advanced educational ideas.

In the courtyard of the orphanage stands a monument to Korczak. It commemorates his death in the gas chambers, together with his students, but also the educational life of the "old doctor," as they called him in better times.

The orphanage operated here until the establishment of the Jewish Ghetto. With the issuance of the Nazi order, which required all Jews to move into the Jewish Ghetto, the entire orphanage moved to 33 Chlodna Street, where it worked for some time before moving to its last residence on Sliska Street.

From the orphanage in the Ghetto, the children were taken in early August 1942 together with their teachers to the Umschlagplatz. Korczak himself, a famous man of international standing, refused the Nazi proposal to be released from death and went with his students to Treblinka extermination camp. There, they were all murdered in the gas chambers.

In the last place of the orphanage, on Sliska Street, nothing can be seen. In its place, there is today a green park, which was created after the war. In fact, the park was built on the ruins of the building and adjacent buildings, all destroyed when the Nazis liquidated the entire Jewish Ghetto.



#Lines for the Character of Janusz Korczak

The Jewish educator Dr. Janusz Korczak was the director of a Jewish orphanage in Warsaw and an admired educator. Before the war he was a real radio star who hosted a regular program on education and children. The Nazis, who recognized his name, freed him from having to go on the trains to the concentration camp, but Janusz Korczak refused and decided not to leave his students even in their deaths, and he accompanied them in a long convoy to the trains, which led them all to thier deaths.

And not only his courage and love for his students and the children of his orphanage stand in the merit of this great educator. Korczak was one of the first educators in the world to introduce democratic education. His orphanage gave the children a sort of self-administered automaton. The orphanage included a parliament, a legislative committee, a weekly newspaper and even a rabbinic court, headed by child judges, who changed every week. Every Saturday, the children's courts met to discuss complaints that were filed that week against children and adults alike, teachers and other workers. The children had the right to prosecute even Korczak himself, who was very often tried ...

In the orphanages, he led, each child received an older mentor. Thus the young children drew a personal example and constant instruction, while the older ones assumed responsibility and became young and thoughtful teachers. This method is currently implemented in educational institutions throughout the world. Korczak conceived it.



Video Presentation on Janusz Korczak:

https://youtu.be/NX1k_T_jdos
Palace of Culture and Science
#About Stalin's Megalomaniac Gift to the Polish People

See the tall tower in the center of town? - this is the Palace of Culture and Science (Hall of Culture and Science). The tower with this bombastic name is the 42-story souvenir and more than 3,000 rooms awarded by the Soviet tyrant Joseph Stalin to the city of Warsaw as "a gift of the Soviet people to the Polish nation."

This was, of course, during the Warsaw Pact and Soviet rule over the entire Eastern Bloc. The tower was then the tallest building in town. Today, many high-rise buildings have been built there.

The locals in Warsaw, by the way, often refer to the building that has long become the symbol of the city, "the penis of Stalin." The Warsaw locals have a love-hate relationship with the building. A popular saying in the city is that the great advantage of an office in the Palace of Culture and Science is that its window cannot be seen ...

This huge building was built between 1952-1955 as a gift, by the Soviet Union and Stalin himself, to the Polish people. The architectural style of the building is social-realistic, Stalinist. It conveys power, respect and awe, is very impressive and contains a collection of sculpted sculptures that stand around it and represent working and learning situations, the same goals for which it was established and which exist to this day.

In addition to a large number of business offices, the building has several repertory theaters, many movie theaters, several museums, including the Technical Museum, a children's museum and a historical museum. The building also has a swimming pool, 2 bars, a night club and the largest congress hall in Warsaw, which can accommodate over 4,500 participants at a time.

Thanks to its height, the tower that Stalin left for the city also serves as a landmark for orientation. After the fall of Communism in Poland, the new authorities made a referendum in which the residents were asked to decide what to do with the hated building, which was probably a symbol of the days many wanted to forget. The results of the referendum determined that despite the lack of sympathy for the building and what it represents, the Poles want the building to continue.


#Evening Entertainment at the Palace of Culture and Science

In the evening it is worth going up to the observation deck at the Palace of Culture and Science. It is worth watching the whole city. You can also sit and have a drink at Cafe Kulturalna, which hosts quite a few concerts and lectures. They also have a cheap and young bar.


A Closer Look at the Tall and Impressive Building in Warsaw:

https://youtu.be/H5ZfnE12Jow


Grzybowski Square
#About the Square that Revived Jewish Life

Grzybowski Square (Plac Grzybowski) was established in the 17th century, where the junction between the government fortress and the rural community surrounding it was located, and the old center of Warsaw. Later on in the 17th century it became a market square and in the 18th century a square in the city of Warsaw, to which it was annexed. At that time, the municipality building was also built there and the building was built in the square. In the middle of the 19th century, Jewish merchants began to enter the square and open shops and residents.

At the beginning of the 20th century, electric-powered streetcars arrived and lighting was added. Progress also brought about a change in the appearance of the square and the evacuation of the market to another square. This was before World War II when the square became the center of Jewish life in the city. Here was the Jewish market, where the Jews of the city came to buy the things they needed before the holidays, like a chicken before Yom Kippur or the fruits for Sukkot.

When the Jewish Ghetto was created, during the Nazi occupation of Warsaw, the square was included within the boundaries of the small Ghetto. Here, too, stands the Church of the Assumption of Mary, which served the converts in the Ghetto, Jews who converted to Christianity in the past, but the Nazis saw them as Jews and put them in the Ghetto. Nazi racial theory, it should be noted, regarded Judaism as a race, that it was impossible to change, and not a religion, that it could be changed. Therefore, the change of religion did not change the fate of the converts.

Today, Grzybowski Square is still paved with stones and has not undergone significant changes since the war.

In 1941, when the Nazis liquidated the small Ghetto, the square remained closed to the citizens of Warsaw, and when the Polish underground uprising broke out in 1944, it became part of the area of ​​battle. When the underground was defeated, the Germans destroyed and burned the western part of the square, the Arona Serdynera Jewish Synagogue and the church where the rebels had barricaded themselves.



A Closer Look at the Square that was Once the Center of Jewish Life in the City:

https://youtu.be/uAoqPFom3k4
A Section of the Ghetto Wall
#About the Surviving Jewish Ghetto Wall

When World War II was over, Warsaw was left in pieces, with ruins as symbols of the old Jewish Ghetto. The wall has remained the same up to today, on Zlota Street behind a house on 55 Sienna on Walicow Street, where remains of destroyed houses can be seen from the war, as evidence to the horrible historic atrocities to the Jewish community.

On the sidewalks, in many of the points where the Ghetto wall once stood, metal plates can be seen with historical explanations maps and photos.



A Closer Look at the Jewish Ghetto Wall Remains:

https://youtu.be/W7hDGpjtaMg
Miła 18
#About the Location of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Bunker

You are located at 18 Miła Street, near a hill marking the site where the underground bunker of the Jewish Ghetto was buried. From here the Jewish underground ran the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising against the Nazis, and here most of the fighters were killed.

The decision to rise up and fight against the Nazis was made after the great expulsion from the Ghetto, when the Jews in the ghetto reached the conclusion that the fate of all would be death. Only a few tens of thousands of Jews remained in the Ghetto. Some hid in hiding places and decided to fight the Nazis.

The underground soldiers waged a courageous and hopeless war, almost without weapons, against the Nazi army, which was full of well-equipped soldiers. On May 8, 1943, after the great fires that the Nazis had started in the ghetto and the destruction of the other rebel bases, members of the underground were discovered in a bunker that was here. When it became apparent that they had lost their chance to survive, the bunker being surrounded by soldiers (many of the rebels had been poisoned and died by German gas bombs), the rebels of the Jewish Fighting Organization put an end to their lives in the bunker on Mila Street. Only remnants of the bunker remained, and after the liberation of Warsaw from the time of the Nazis, a memorial was erected here.


#The Story of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising was the largest uprising of Jews, mainly young people, against the Nazis. This is also the first Jewish revolt in the history of the Holocaust. The revolt broke out after news began to be received about the murders by the Nazis in the Chelmno extermination camp, and in the East in general. Then, the Jews first realized that the trains that the Germans were bringing to them led to extermination rather than to work camps.

Many young people in the Ghetto decided to preserve their dignity and die in the struggle and resistance of the Nazis and not in submission to them. The Nazis, who failed to overcome the rebels and capture them, decided to burn house after house in the Ghetto, until the rebels were subdued. The fires spread throughout the ghetto, and when the large area made it difficult to continue the fighting in the bunkers where the fighters were hiding, they began to go out and fight outside their hiding places and were killed or fell into the hands of the Nazis.

In the basement of the building on the corner of 18 Mila Street was where the main bunker of the rebels was located. Here was the headquarters of the Jewish resistance movement and it was sheltering more than 100 people. When the hiding place was discovered by the Germans, they began to throw in lethal gas bombs, most of the rebels in the bunker, commanded by Mordechai Anielewicz, decided to end their lives, just as the Masada fighters had done about 2,000 years before, in order not to fall into the hands of the Romans.


A Closer Look at the Site:

https://youtu.be/3nqQ-NSfPw8


Former Prime Minister Rabin Visits 18 Mila Street:

https://youtu.be/hAyQZ6AttF0
Zapiexy Luxusowe
#About Warsaw's Communist Street Food

Zapiekanka is street food from Polish cuisine, since the 1970's it has become a very popular street food in Poland, and a food that students quickly prepared in their dormitories. This started in the period of communist rule when the strict communism introduced here after World War II brought a kind of economic collapse to the inhabitants of Warsaw and Poland.

That was how the cheap, simple dish was born - a kind of open sandwich that could be compared to something like toast with cheese slices on top. This sandwich is made from an open baguette, with mushrooms and some filling on top, topped with cream cheese. Yummy and cheap!

The best Zapiekanka in Warsaw are sold in Zapiexy Luxusowe, one of the most famous stalls in the city center. It is located on 19 Widok Street and offers a very generous dish at a very reasonable price.

It's more of a buffet than a real restaurant. Here is a selection of Zapiekanka, in a variety of variations, colors and sizes, with a variety of large side dishes, from vegetables and various cheeses to deliciously tasty meats.
Multimedia Fountain Park
Holy Cross Church
Stare Miasto
The National Museum in Warsaw
St. John's Archcathedral


אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

העולם הוא צבעוני ומופלא, אאוריקה כאן בשביל שתגלו אותו...

אלפי נושאים, תמונות וסרטונים, מפתיעים, מסקרנים וממוקדים.

ניתן לנווט בין הפריטים במגע, בעכבר, בגלגלת, או במקשי המקלדת

בואו לגלות, לחקור, ולקבל השראה!

אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

שלום,
נראה שכבר הכרתם את אאוריקה. בטח כבר גיליתם כאן דברים מדהימים, אולי כבר שאלתם שאלות וקיבלתם תשובות טובות.
נשמח לראות משהו מכם בספר האורחים שלנו: איזו מילה טובה, חוות דעת, עצה חכמה לשיפור או כל מה שיש לכם לספר לנו על אאוריקה, כפי שאתם חווים אותה.