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Body Worlds Amsterdam
Body Worlds Amsterdam
#About the Museum

In 2008, Queen Beatrix dedicated a particularly interesting museum, which to this day is among the few in its field in the world - the Body World Museum, dedicated to the human body. The purpose of the Amsterdam Body World Museum is to take visitors on a fascinating journey of discovery and understanding of what makes people happy and the impact of happiness on our health through the learning of the human body.

The Body Worlds Museum will take you on a fascinating and educational tour of the human body. The museum is built so that on each floor you come to another area of ​​the body, study and delve into it. To enhance the experience, you can tour the muscles, the heart, the digestive system, the structure of the oral cavity, and more, while playing relevant and even 3D videos and audio clips with 3-D glasses, 3D movies and moving chairs.

More than 200 anatomical models of human bodies show the complexity, strength and vulnerability of the body. They show visitors how the organs work and how the body is affected by common diseases.

The tour is educational and recommended for children, as it encourages proper nutrition and the preservation of the human body.


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/zN_71UyZrik


A Visit:

https://youtu.be/O50udYWzcFo



How the Displays are Created:

https://youtu.be/ZIO1FxRnnqo



A Tour:

https://youtu.be/9b7cGA032mQ
Science Museum
London Science Museum
#About the London Science Museum

The Science Museum in London presents the world of technology and science in a fascinating and experiential way that is suitable for children and is an important attraction in London. The museum is located in the Museum Quarter. The museum is designed in a youthful, colorful and inviting manner.

When the Museum was first established in 1857, it contained the surplus exhibits left from the Great Exhibition held in London in 1851. Today it houses a collection of 300,000 items, including steam engines, jet engines, DNA models and the “gathering time” gallery, featuring a rich collection of more than 500 timepieces. The museum has interactive exhibits and a 3D cinema, in which documentary films are screened.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mqh7uqpu-sE
Micropia
Micropia
#About the Bacteria Museum

Did you know that the number of bacteria on your body is 14,000 times the number of people on Earth? In fact, bacteria is everywhere: on your hands, in your eyes and in general - on all of the items around you. All of the bacteria on our body weighs a total of 1.5 of your total weight ... Unbelievable, right? Imagine how fascinating it would be to see them ... In short, if you're interested, the Micropia Museum is right for you!

It is one of the new museums in Amsterdam and is probably the only one in the world devoted entirely to bacteria. A lot of visitors say that one visit to the museum made them look at the world in a different way. In fascinating exhibitions you will discover about different groups of living bacteria, look at them through a microscope or using screens. The forms of the bacteria are beautiful and strange, and this is certainly a fascinating experience that gives a different perspective of life on the planet.

The museum opened in 2014 to change the negative thoughts most people have about bacteria. Despite the widespread belief that they are harmful and must be feared, they are equally necessary for us and even healthy. The bacteria protects the skin and teeth and are necessary and good for humans. Through the interactive facilities, the museum is able to answer curious visitors of all ages questions and concerns they have.

The Micropia Museum also emphasizes that microbiology can help solve global problems. From water purification to the development of new ways of healing from infectious diseases, through bacteria that can produce energy to food and bio-plastic - there is no end to their uses!



A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6x1JuYsBv2o
Horniman Museum and Gardens
Horniman Museum and Gardens
#About the Ethnographic Museum with its Cultural Collection from the Great World

Rich with a diverse collection of art, this museum presents exhibitions from cultures from all over the world. The museum is located in the Forest Hill neighbourhood of South London. The initiative for the museum came from the tea merchant Frederick John Horniman. This man was interested in a proper place to present his collections of musical instruments, ethnographic collections, fossils, plants and animals. The museum was opened to the public in 1901. Presently, more than 350,000 exhibits in various fields are presented at the museum.

Among the buildings is the Center for Understanding the Environment. The museum is run by the UK Department of Culture, Communication and Sport.

Well-tended gardens surround the museum, where visitors may take a stroll around. These extend over 65,000 square meters. In addition, there are walking trails in the gardens, a small zoo, a glasshouse that is a historic building for preservation and an orchestra building.

Science

Royal Observatory Greenwich
Royal Observatory Greenwich
#The Observatory of 0° Longitude

The famous Royal Observatory of Greenwich stands atop a hill in the heart of Greenwich Park. It was the observatory that gave Greenwich its unique geographic location called the 0º longitude, which many recognize as the Greenwich Line. This observatory is now used as a museum. It is at the top of the hill in Greenwich Park overlooking the Thames.

The observatory was established for Charles II in 1675. Originally it served as the study of the Royal Astronomer of the United Kingdom. The astronomer John Flamsteed was a director of the observatory and responsible for analyzing the exact location of the stars, correcting the charts of the sky movements and, in general, anything related to the knowledge of exploration and navigation.

This was building to be built and dedicated to scientific research, which explains its great importance to the culture of science. After World War II, due to heavy air pollution in London, the use of the building was discontinued. Today you will find attractions for the whole family: rooms with giant telescopes, an advanced astronomy center and an advanced planetarium.



#Meridian Courtyard

In the courtyard of the museum you will find the Greenwich Line (longitude 0°), marked as a green laser beam coming out of the building in the north. Many visitors like to be photographed on both sides of the line (one leg on the west side of the earth and the other on the eastern side) and set their clocks according to Greenwich Mean Time.

Greenwich Mean Time was set according to the 0° longitude, which served as an international clock in the past.

Every day at 1:00 pm, the fall of the red "ball of time" can be seen from the top of the pole. The purpose of the time ball, which is on the observatory, is to mark the exact time for the Thames sailors.



A Closer Look at the Royal Observatory Greenwich:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M0JvpVd8URU
CosmoCaixa Barcelona
CosmoCaixa Barcelona
#About the Spanish Science Museum

The Science Museum of Barcelona is named after the local bank, Caixa, for the bank's support in science and research in the museum. Children can especially enjoy their time here, because they are welcomed to learn about the stages from close up - with touch, feeling, poking and pushing.

The building is designed in a modern style, and is placed at a height that gives a view of the city. In the museum, there is a planetarium that deals with space and has temporary exhibits that are all high quality and include different topics, in fields of science and space.

The museum tour will start with a steep descent of five stories around a huge tree trunk. Under the tree roots, you enter the entrance hall, gloomy and mysterious, here you will find different models in different fields: physics, geology, the human body, and more. At the end of your visit, visitors will enter the "Flooded Forest"- an Amazonian rain forest, 1,000 square meters large, with 80 species of plants that were brought to the museum from around the globe, and more than 50 species of animals, that were brought straight from the real jungle.

Notice another interesting exhibit at the museum: a geological wall 65 meters long, including huge rock formations, showing the geological constructions for hundreds of thousands of years, influenced by years of water, wind, and volcanic stages.



#Tips

The entrance for children under the age of 16 enters for free.

On the first Sunday of every month entrance is free for adults, but try coming here early, since later it becomes crowded.



A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q7WLkcX0G10
Asteroskopeio Observatory
Asteroskopeio Observatory
#About the Observatory of the City of Athens

The National Observatory of Athens (Asteroskopeio Observatory) was built in 1842 on Nymphaea Hill, right at the place where virgins would pray to the gods. The observatory was planned by the architect Theophil Hansen, and built after receiving permission to build from the Turkish authorities that ruled the city and the area back then.

The observatory is considered a paving stone for Athens. It is located across from the Parthenon in the Acropolis, and was used for astronomical and metrological research in Greece. Today the observatory includes the astronomical museum of the city. Displayed here for the wider audience are an astronomical clock, telescope, a library, and tools used by astronomers in the 19th century.

The new observatory replaced the ancient observatory that was built in the city in the 5th century, in a straight line with the metrological tower called the Tower of the Winds, and is located in the area of the metro stop Heliotropion, whose name means "Turned towards the sun."


A Closer Look:

https://youtu.be/BzKZvn-XYIw


A Look at the Inside:

https://youtu.be/4q1p40DTRbA
Sigmund Freud Museum
Sigmund Freud Museum
#About the Home of the Psychology Giant

At 19 Berg Street, in the fifth apartment in the ninth district of Vienna, stands the house where the theory that changed everything that was known about the human psyche was developed. This is his apartment, or so-called "Sigmund Freud House."

In this house Freud lived with his wife and six children for 47 years between 1891 and 1938, until he had to flee to London to escape Nazi persecution in 1939.

The idea for the house and its development was overseen by Freud’s daughter Anna, in 1971. The house is full of fascinating items from his life - the restored study and waiting room, restored with original furniture, pictures, souvenirs and items from Freud's collection of antiquities and documents. You will also be able to watch it in rare 1930’s films that tells the story of the fascinating family.

The site is now a pilgrimage site for psychoanalytic researchers and for those interested in psychology who come here for a visit and for research and study purposes. There are over 80,000 visitors every year. You will find here a permanent collection and temporary exhibitions, as well as a library considered the greatest in Europe, in the field of psychoanalysis.

One of the interesting exhibitions opened here was an exhibition devoted specifically to the other tenants in the mythological house. The exhibition called "The Disappeared Neighbors of Freud" recreates the lives and fate of the tenants during and after World War II. It is possible to learn from the personal stories of the neighbors about the rise and fall of the Jews of Vienna and Austria.



#How did Freud Advance the Human Psyche? (Courtsey Eureka Encyclopedia)

The important Jewish physician and psychologist Sigmund Freud was a neurologist and researcher in the field of psychology. He lived in Vienna, right next to Benjamin Ze'ev Herzl.

The doctor reached the conclusion that some of his patients who complaint of physical pain stemmed from mental difficulties they were experiencing, but were not aware of, he began to investigate the issue. From here he reached psychology and excelled at it. Incidentally, he thought that at the basis of human behavior was sexual desire.

Freud was one of the most important thinkers in the field of personality theory, and one of the most prominent and influential scientists in the twentieth century. He is the father of psychoanalysis, which deals with the overall personality structure, its development, its defects and its healing methods. The impact of his research and his theory of the 20th century is enormous. It covers many areas, from art, marketing, public relations, political propaganda and statesmanship to the treatment of PTSD, social relations, the media, and even the selfie culture and the extreme individualism of the individual in the 21st century.

Freud has researched the unconscious and the dreams, as symbols associated with the dreamer's life. He defined himself as a "conqueror of the soul" and in his conception of his research and his role in science, he saw himself as a hero who revealed the secrets of the soul.

When Freud analyzed consciousness, he argued that there are three areas of consciousness in our psyche:
1. The unconscious - perceives the greatest part of the soul.
2. The subconscious - where information is stored.
3. The consciousness - Everything we are aware of at a given moment. This is the smallest part of the soul.

Freud also studied religion and the soul, the humor, the psychology of the masses and the impulses and human sexuality. He developed the idea that Nietzsche had left behind, that the brain was the pilot directing the human heart.

During his life, Freud developed a new treatment method in which the patient converses with the therapist during regular sessions. The therapist helps him to rethink himself, thinking that helps him solve the mental and physical difficulties he suffers from. Today, this method of treatment, and of course the method of psychoanalysis, which means examining the patient's psyche, is seen as the basis of modern psychology.

Freud was not always right, but his influence is enormous and his contribution to the world of psychology and the modern world is incomprehensible in terms of a single person, who is not a dictator or Albert Einstein...



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JUzqbRI5WSM


Urania Sternwarte
Urania Sternwarte
#About Vienna’s Observatory

One of the world's oldest observatories is the Urania Observatory, named after the astronomy muse: Orania. The height of this observatory is 51 meters, allowing visitors to enjoy watching the stars above, but also the magnificent view reflected below, which also includes the lake and the surrounding mountains.

It is no coincidence that the observatory began operating in 1759, during the Renaissance, as it was a period of quite a few discoveries in the field of astronomy.

The Observatory was moved to its present location where you stand in 1907. It was built by Emperor Franz Joseph. The main purpose of the place was to serve as a "home for mass education" and therefore the building was also built with lecture halls, the observatory and even a puppet theater for young children. It is interesting to hear that there was also a theater here, which is rare and unusual for that time period. In fact, it was the first building in the world to be built as a theater.

During World War II, the building was completely destroyed. It reopened in 1957 and resumed operating under the same pattern and purpose as it had in the past.

With the large telescope in place, visitors can observe details of the stars, the planets, and the entire galaxy.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XdE5Momzi2o
Vienna Zeiss Planetarium
#About the City’s Planetarium

There are quite a few planetariums around the world whose main function is to provide a virtual image of the sky and allow the public to learn about the sky, the universe and the galaxy through modern telescopes and today's advanced equipment. Here, too, at the Vienna Zeiss Planetarium (Zeiss Planetarium Wien), you will be able to experience this special place.

The technology allows visitors to get an illustration of the motion of the planets, viewing spectacular astronomical events such as solar eclipse or lunar eclipse and seeing light-sonic displays, laser beam simulations and more.

The place is suitable for the whole family and the children will be interested in activities and workshops that are held here.

The Planetarium is located near the Prater Park and the Vienna Ferris Wheel, which means that children will be happy to combine the attractions together.
Prague Planetarium
#About the Planetarium that Shows Space to the Children of Prague

If you enjoy planetariums and star gazing, or space and science in general, then in Prague's new planetarium (Planetarium Praha) you can see a new exhibit on the solar system, galaxies and stars using modern technology.

The big dome is decorated as a fake sky, and underneath is a fascinating intergalactic performance that uses laser tricks and space visualization.

The planetarium has many exhibits and activities for children, a laser show during the evening hours, and different exhibits. Most of the activities, sadly, are all in Czech, though during the summer months there are also shows and performances in English.



A Closer Look at Prague's Planetarium:

https://youtu.be/Ydbj7uAQ-90
Victoria and Albert Museum
#About the Museum

The Victoria and Albert Museum excels in designing items, and here you will find the largest collection in the world of decorative arts. The original purpose of the collection was to inspire creators at the time. Even with its artistic edge, the museum is not intended only for art lovers, but also those interested in anthropology and getting to know a wide variety of cultures.

The museum was established in 1852, and at first was called The South Kensington Museum, for its location in the Kensington neighborhood. At first it was established as a continuation of a large exhibition that took place in London in 1851, at the initiative of Prince Albert, Queen Victoria's husband. In 1899 the museum received its owner's name.

The museum building was built in the Edwardian and Victorian style, and this is largely felt by looking at the windows and overhead arches.

In the 145 galleries, each with its own characteristics, you can find over 4 million items displayed. The Middle Ages and Renaissance galleries, the statue, jewelry, fashion, and furniture galleries – all these are just a few of the large amounts of displays here. In the heart of the building you will find a beautiful garden that is pleasant for a walk.

The total area of the building is 45,000 square meters.

Between 10:30 am to 3:30 pm there are free tours around the museum.



#The Museum's Courtyard

In the museum you will find two covered courtyards, called the Molding Garden, where you will find plaster moldings of statues, friezes, and coffins. All these were especially brought over to London, for artists to learn from, and be inspired by. One of the most famous piece of art is there Trajan's Column, whose height is so large it was cut into two.

With the years, many of the original pieces of art were damaged, and so the Victoria and Albert Museum is one of the only places to still see some of the works of art, exactly as they appeared in the 19th century.
Benjamin Franklin House
#About the House

Benjamin Franklin spent 16 years in this house. He was a scientist and inventor, a diplomat and philosopher, and one of the fathers of the American nation.

You will be able to better understand his activities, in the museum dedicated to the fields of history and science. The building was built in 1730 and Franklin lived here between the years 1757-1775.

While living here, Franklin made efforts to settle peace between Britain and the United States and therefore the house served as an embassy of the young nation. He was engaged in investigating the electrical phenomena as well. In fact, it was Franklin who discovered that lightning was actually electrical energy. Among his most important inventions was Franklin stove, an electric stove and, of course, a lightning rod, a simple device that stands on the roof of the house and protects it from lightning.
Today the house serves as a dynamic museum, and there are historical performances that combine games and audiovisual effects. On Mondays there are tours with an emphasis on architecture.
Freud Museum London
#About the Museum

The Freud Museum is not a classic museum where you can be exposed to various exhibitions. The museum is actually the home of the world-renowned psychologist. In his home you will experience a truly nostalgic experience, with one of the greatest scientists and perhaps the most important figure in the history of psychology. Sigmund Freud, the father of psychoanalysis, left Vienna and moved to Hampstead, a wealthy London suburb in 1938. There were quite a few intellectuals like him at Hampstead. After Freud's death the estate was left to his family, until the death of his youngest daughter in 1982. In 1986 the house became a museum.

In the museum you will find furniture from Freud's house. One of the most prominent exhibits is the couch on which Freud's patients laid during his treatments. Rumor has it that many fascinating and interesting problems were raised on this couch. In the museum you will also find a collection of works of art from the 18th and 19th centuries, which were private collections of Freud's and his personal library.



A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K79kBkWsvvY
Tropenmuseum
#About the Museum

This impressive anthropology museum is one of the largest in Holland and probably one of the most interesting. It contains eight permanent exhibitions and is run by the Royal Institute for Tropical Area Studies. The museum is located in an impressive and beautiful building with a number of floors, containing more than 340,000 pieces.

Out of the vast number of works, you can find 175,000 items and objects, over 155,000 photographic materials (photographs, albums, slides and negatives) and about 10,000 other diverse exhibits, such as drawings and documents.

The museum was established in the 19th century and its primary purpose was to present the early arts of the Dutch colonies. Over time, the exhibits were replaced by interactive exhibitions aimed at presenting third world cultures and their daily lives. To complete the experience, visitors are given musical instruments, costumes and masks, games, various sculptures, stuffed animals, art objects and more.

The museum tour experience is certainly suitable for the whole family, but it is important to emphasize that all the activities that take place in the museum are in Dutch.



#About the Museum's Exhibits

Africa - A display of exhibits from the African regions south of the Sahara - 12 cultures from 20 different countries. You can learn about the history of Africa from the days of European colonialism until the independence of countries in the middle of the 20th century.

Latin America - In this exhibit you can learn about the culture of Latin America and the Dutch colonies of the region. You will learn about the fascinating encounter between Indian, Spanish, Dutch and African culture.

Humans and the Environment - In this exhibit you will learn about the most exciting tropical life - rainforest, savannah, beaches and cities in these areas.

East Indies - In this exhibit you will learn about the colonial history of the Netherlands in the Dutch East Indies (a Dutch colony formed from several colonies)

Papua New Guinea - You can see religious objects and ceremonial objects coming directly from Papua New Guinea (a country located on the island of New Guinea north of Australia) and the changes that took place in its interesting culture during the 20th century.

West Asia and North Africa - In this exhibit you will learn about the Muslim culture, history and development of Islam in the North African region. Particular emphasis is placed here on the technology and science that developed during the Golden Age of Islam in Spain and North Africa. Note the spectacular reconstruction of the traditional buildings and the traditional Yemenite living quarters.



A Closer Look at the Tropenmuseum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=InaJ2sYuxII
Natura Artis Magistra
#About the Zoo

The Artis Zoo, is among the most impressive in Europe, it hosts more than 6,000 different animals. It is located in the center of Amsterdam, and is a favorite tourist attraction. This is the oldest zoo in Holland, and was established in 1838 by Gerardus Frederik Westerman, and has been continuously running since then. The zoo is indoors, and therefore it is a perfect attraction on a rainy or winter day.

Due to its historical significance, the zoo looks and feels as it did back in the 19th century. This is also why the zoo is so small and compact when compared to more modern zoos with vast areas that we know today.

At the zoo entrance you will see to golden eagle statue that will warmly greet you. As you walk around the zoo, you will see many other statues.

The name of the museum, Artis, is a shortcut for the museum's name - Natura Artis Magistra. This translates to - nature is the guide for art. Which is true. The zoo educates and teaches with its botanical gardens, exciting tropical plants, geology museum, and planitarium.



#What Can Be Seen at the Zoo?

In the Amsterdam Zoo there are about 700 species of animals, including reptiles, birds, fish and mammals. Look here at the impressive family of cats - including tigers, panthers and lions. The birds also take a significant part in the festive and colorful atmosphere of the garden.

Take note of the impressive monkey rock, a huge rock of small Japanese macaque monkeys that draw attention because of the games and tricks they perform.

The zoo has a planetarium that screens the night sky to vistors, and shows the interesting movements. This is how parents and children are able to go on an andventure together. The zoo has two additional museums: geological and zoological, and a greenhouse with 45 types of butterflies.

In the zoological garden is a botanical garden with Dutch trees and plants, as well as those from around the world. The zoological gardens also have buildings and greenhouses that display plants from tropical areas that need heat to survive, and not to the cool climate of Amsterdam. Exhibitions presented at the Zoological Museum describes the relationship between humans and the natural world and the influence of man on nature. You can also see skeletons of animals, photographs and illustrations.

In the geological museum you can see gemstones crystals and fossils. In addition, the evolution of life on Earth and dinosaur fossils.

The Amsterdam Zoo has an aquarium, that was built on swampy and difficult ground. Because of the complex construction, 1,740 wooden pillars were needed, to build the aquarium. In 1888, with the construction coming towards an end, the tank was filled with a million liters of salt waters, and was opened to the public two years later.




A Closer Look at the Zoo:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uXfAX6sIrxw
NEMO Museum
#About the Museum

The largest science museum in the Netherlands, with its sea-shaped building, located on the water, was designed by architect Renzo Piano. The museum is named after Captain Nemo, commander of the ship "Nautilus" in the story "Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Seas."

The museum was opened in 1997 by Queen Beatrix. It is ideal for children. With 5 floors of exhibits, this is a huge museum. It has a charm that makes curiosity the main motivating factor, especially since it encourages visitors to touch and try. Children can participate in scientific experiments and educational activities. In the museum you can see interactive displays related to science and technology and permanent and fascinating exhibitions: the water world, special phenomena, chain reactions, a journey within the brain, where you will learn about various processes that take place in the brain, such as dreams.

One of the highlights of the museum is its roof. It has an amphitheater and an observation deck, from which you can view the magnificent view of the city using a telescope.



A Closer Look at the Museum:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I7Zzaz2oP7U


The Old Operating Theatre Museum and Herb Garret
#About the Museum

Our acquaintance with modern medicine will turn the old theater museum into something resembling a nightmare, though it was once a hospital (St. Thomas Hospital).

During that time period, operations were carried out without disinfection or anesthetics. The building is located in Southwark, just south of the London Bridge.

All kinds of surgical techniques used in the past are exhibited in the museum. Pay special attention to the room built in the form of the Little Theater (operating table opposite the stands). It was in this place that anesthetic surgery was performed in the 19th century, in front of an audience of medical students.

Wooden furniture served as surgical tables, surrounded by seats for students’ observation which have been here for 300 years. Doctors and pharmacists passed on their knowledge on surgery, medicine, and herbs to students in the hall located in St. Thomas Church. Among the items in the museum you will find results, pathological samples and an exhibition of medicinal herbs.
Griffith Observatory
#About Los Angeles' Observatory and Planetarium

On a green hill, overlooking Hollywood from high up, and the stars from below, is Griffith Observatory, located on the top part of Griffith Park. With over one million visitors each year, this is the most visited observatory in the world.

Griffith Observatory will take you on an exciting adventure to the solar system and around the whole world. The round, white building can be seen from different points in Los Angeles, and on the weekends gets really crowded.

The observatory was built in Griffith Park by Colonel and astronomy enthusiast, Griffith Jenkins Griffith. His dream was to make the stars reachable for everyone, and not only scientists. This is the reason the entrance to the observatory is free, and has been this way since its establishment in 1935. Griffith's donation money ensure that the entire park around the observation would be named after him. About 10 years ago, the building was renovated at a cost of about $35 million.

In 2006, after renovations that cost about $93 million that lasted 4 years, the observatory was re-opened, with a sophisticated planetarium and small theater, a Foucault pendulum, and fantastic telescope, theater, and more. In the galleries there are scientific exhibits that help understand the sky, solar system, and earth.

In the great musical "La La Land," the famous observatory was one of the most prominent and beautiful locations for the shootings, where the romantic couple spent time. It has been commemorated in many movies, and it even has a monument for the actor James Dean, who filmed here a famous knife fight scene in his famous movie, "Rebel Without a Cause." Besides looking at the sky and stars, the observatory is a great place to look over the Hollywood Sign, as well as a viewpoint for all of Los Angeles.




#Tips

Entrance to the observatory is free, and on weekends can get crowded - try coming here on the weekdays.

The view from here over Los Angeles is great, especially in the evening houses with the lights spread across the city.


A Closer Look at Griffith Observatory:

https://youtu.be/YK8s70DeddM?t=5m01s
The British Museum
#About the Historical Museum of England

The British Museum is acknowledged as one of the largest and most famous in the world. Founded in 1753 by a scientist and physicist named Sir Hans Sloan, it is located in the Bloomsbury neighborhood of Camden. The museum was opened to the general public in 1759. Over 6 million items are distributed throughout the museum representing the development of the human race from prehistory to the present, from different cultures.

This large building includes a combination of Grecian style architecture (the entrance plaza) and an indoor courtyard with a glass dome, which is by far the largest in Europe.

More than 5 million visitors arrive each year to the museum. Initially it was designed for a more general display and not primarily antiques. Approximately 40,000 books, texts, stuffed animals, fossils, engravings and antiques were found in the first collection donated to the museum by Sloan. Over the years, the museum served as a showroom, mainly for archeological and cultural exhibits. The museum's exhibits are divided into complexes, each relating to a different continent - from Africa and Asia to South America and Australia.

Entrance to permanent exhibitions in the museum is free. This is because there is an ongoing debate today over the ownership of the items displayed at the museum. Many items date back to the expansion of the British Empire and therefore the Museum's right to hold them was not agreed upon. On there behalf, the British claim that the items will be kept in in good condition and anyone will be allowed to come and enjoy them. In addition, British law does not allow the return of the exhibits. The Egyptian and Greek antiquities collection, for example, is one of the largest in the world. It also contains remains from the Parthenon in Athens. Therefore, some governments, like Greece and Nigeria are still fighting for the right to receive the remains for display in their respective museums.



#The History of the Museum

The purpose of the British Parliament in building the museum in 1753
was very simple: to allow citizens to discover the whole world in one building. This is one of the few buildings in the world that really makes it possible to learn and think about the whole world under one roof!

In 1750, the museum was actually a library of Gentleman's House, where visitors were able to draw, print and read the about the world. At the entrance, a visitor would receive a ticket from the library, that was also an entrance ticket to the museum. This way, a visitor would receive invitations to view the various collections presented at the museum. The idea of showing these collections to the commoners whenever they pleased was truly revolutionary at the time.

The new idea of allowing commoners to enter and behold collections in 1815, after Napoleon’s time, was truly a game-changer. The original building was replaced by the new building you see today. The museum is open to everyone today and all the collections are exhibited there. By the way, children were not allowed to enter the museum at all. This was due to the damage they caused to the stuffed animals when they got excited. The children returned to the museum as soon as the stuffed animals were transferred to the Natural History Museum. Today, by the way, children also visit there and do not inflict any real damage ...

A big change occurred in 1851. That same year, a fine exhibition was presented at the museum, and for the first time, a large number of tourists, lovers of art and culture, arrived. It was a huge success for museum in London, which became particularly popular. To this day there is an unimaginable amount of people in line, waiting to see the items in the museum, which are increasing continually in number.



#A Museum for Visitors

The museum's approach to visitors and tourists has been a special one since the early days of the museum. The founders wanted to allow people access to the objects, to think about them and discuss them, to paint them, to admire them or to swing by them – whatever they chose. The approach is that the collection is a private collection belonging to all citizens who can come and use it as they please and not a royal collection that is only intended for them.

The building you know is well suited to the large number of visitors who come here, but museum directors continue to devise new ways to give visitors better access to the collections available. Therefor the building has indeed undergone all sorts of changes over the years.

The visitors, then, do not come to the museum only to view the items of any given collection. They especially enjoy having lunch on the broad steps. In recent years, museum directors have been thinking about how to rethink the museum building in order to continue to achieve its original goal.



#About the Historical Museum of England

The British Museum underwent several architectural changes over the years. Its core, the oldest part, to date, was designed by the architect Sir Robert Smirke in 1823.

The large, modern courtyard, named after Queen Elizabeth II, was designed by Foster & Co. Architects. The courtyard was first opened to the public in 2000 and is the largest indoor courtyard in Europe. The magnificent ceiling of this courtyard is made up of no less than 3,000 transparent panels that form the harmonious and wondrous shape of the building. The waves, incidentally, are not symmetrical and the size of the panels is uneven. Also note the amount of light in the indoor yard - it is not as bright as the natural light outside – there is special material wrapping the panels, allowing only part of the light to sift through which created a special atmosphere and lighting inside.



A Closer Look:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ygkWTK8nbmo


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אֵאוּרִיקַה - האנציקלופדיה של הסקרנות!

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